Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1916)
. & . ..
Jti ! ' .
OVER 4000 DAILY
: ," . , '':;'v-vi:-::.;'.:
tmiRTY-NINTII YEAR NO. 220
SALEM, OREGON, MpNDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAILS AND HEWS
8TANOS FTVW CTiNTSj
P H : m t r T. a , f ( 1 1 II Nil I y
Are Attempting Drive South to Cut Main Railway That
'I Supplies Rumanian ArmiesRumanians Make Slight
: Gains in Transylvania Serbs and Bulgars Battling in
: Macedonia Great Battle Raging Between Russians and
i Germans in North
London. Oct. 16. Teutonic
Gymes Pass and invaded northwestern Rumania, accord-1
Severe fighting is going
town of Palanka. The Austro-Germans are attempting
rto drive southward along the Tergu-Ocna railway to cut
the main railway line supplying the northern Rumanian
In the extreme "north near the Bukowinan frontier, the
: Rumanians are falling back upon their own border, but
: along the whole southern frontier of Transylvania they
are vigorously counter attacking. Southeast of Kron-
stadt the Rumanians have wrested the initiative from the
'Austro-German army that attempted to march southward
into Rumania and have won local successes.
' The fighting in southern Transylcania is becoming
more violent in the region north of Vulkan Pass. There
the Rumanians are pressing: their" counter attacks and
have thrown back Austrian troops for a considerable dis
tance. . . ! ,
In Macedonia the battle around the bend of the Czema
. river, where Bulgars and Serbians have been engaged for
several days, is continuing with the outcome still in doubt
Teuton Attacks Repulsed. ' , '
r Pctrograd, Oct. Ill The Teutons kavs
hunched repeated counter attacks,'
Korytnica, but have been rebelled Witk?new PBrt' wa -0Tme!l ttna 4'000 M
lienvy losses, it was officially announced '. subscribed In a few minutes. It if plan
today. Heavy fighting 'is occurring ned to "enlist 300,000 Greeks' in the
siong a wiue portion ot Doth the Vol- ;
nynmn ana uftiician fronts. -
.' Obstinate battles continue north of
Zborov and north of Stanislau, where
a Teutonic attempted advance-was driv-
un back by Russian artillery.
.. In the Carpathians the enemy attack
, ed fiercely in the regions of Korbsmezo
, sad near Kirklibabn, but were repulsed,
me Kussians taking 1,170 prisoners.
.. houth of Dorna A'atra (near the Roman-
, inn frontier) the enemy took the- of
fensive with large lorccs.
: London, Oct. MO. Aided by liquid
lire ana Heavy cannonading, the Ger
mans launched an unusually heavy at
tack against the Sehwaben redoubt posi
tion, north of Thiejjval, last. night, but
were repulsed with heavy losses, Gen
- eral Haig reported today. '
- Sauth of .the Ancre the Germans shell
ied British positions heavily at intervals
throughout the night. North of Cource
.lette a small enemy bombing attack was
- Northeast of Tpres, southeast of St.
i-.loi and cast of Plocgstreet British fle
tiichments entered enemy trenches, in
flicting casualties and taking prison
ers. Venlrelos Recognised.
London, Oct. 1(1 The nationalist gov
ernment set up on the Island of Crete
by ex-l'remier cmzclos has been recog
sii.ed by the French consul, said a Cen
' trnl News Athens dispotch tndav. The
consul made a formal call on the Venize
Greek Here Favor It
. New York, Oct. 10. A nntion-wide
organization of Greeks in a "Venizelos
-party," favoring Greece's intervention
an the war on the side of the alliots,
wns planned by Greek lenders' here to-
Skirts should como t' th' shoe tops
this fall so it's up t.' th' shoemaker t'
ave th' country. You kin bluff any
woman by t-llin' her t' do as ' she
troops have broken through
on on Rumanian soil near the
day, following, a big demonstration last
"Wht. Ten thousand Greek tried to
erowrl. tMr-tiy into a hall where the
Took, But Lost Trenches., r'
Berlin, Oct. 16. British troops pene
trated first line German trenches north-
cast of Guedecourt in a continuation of
the violent struggle north Tf the Bomme
yesterday but were driven out by a Ger
man counter attack, it was officially an
West of Sailly, the-French-attacked
but were driven back.,
;- Trench Make Gains. - ;
Paris, Oct'. Id French' troops pene
trated the German defenses in Sailly.
and. Malllisel, northeast of Combles, last
night, occupying houses on the edge of
the Bapaume-Peronne road, it was of
ficially announced today.
The Gormans violently counter at
tacked and the battle was still ragiri?
early today.' .
Rumanians Take Village,
Bucharest, Oct. 10. Rumanian troops
have occupied the villages ot Stanag
ligoman, Giocado Bronului and.Cioicas
tra Catului in their new counter offen
i e against the Teutons in the Alt val
ley region, it was officially announced
Drlvs Bulgars Out.
London, Oct. 10. A British patrol
penetrated the Macedonian village-of
tiursuk, driving back Bulgarian detach
menta, it was officially announced to
day. British aviators attacked the Buk
Shot Down 74 Aeroplanes.
Berlin, via wireless to Savville. L. I..
Ovt. 10. Scvnty-four allied aeroplanes
ot wnicn xi were t rencli and oi Kuglish,
were shot down and fell into German
hands during the month of September,
it was semi-officially stated today.
Wheat Opened Higher
But Dropped Again
Chicago, Oct. 1(1. Wheat opened
higher today before reduced receipts
on that grain as compared with this
time Inst year anil more bad weather in
Argentine. But the gain over Saturdnvs
close was almost entirely lost as sell
ing increased. December was down 5-8
at $1.57 0-8; Mav down 7-8 at 1.5"
Corn remained steady throughout the
morning. Uecemner was unchanged at
0 3-4,-May down at 7HVi.
Oats were down slichtlv on liirlit
sales. Deeeniber was down half at 47
May down 1-8 at 51.
I'ork was sharply hither but other
provisions showed only slight gains.
RAILROAD BUILDER DEAD
Pan Francisco, Oct.. 10. Virgil Gay
Gogue. age 00. tiuilder of the mountain
section of the Northern Pacific and
Western Pacific railroads, died on a
liner en route from Mexico to New
York, according to advices received
here today. Bogue aided extensively
l'uget hound ana Mravs Harbor im
provements, and in early Columbia Riv
THINK SUBMARINE IS DONE
; London, Oct. 10. That the
German submarine U-53 has
either beeiiNgiink, captured or
has returned to a German port,
are the guesses made in ship
ping circles hero to account for
Lloyd's sudden reduction of
trans-Atlantic insurance from
forty to twenty shillings. It is .
assumed here that Lloyds ac- -
tion was based on inside infor-
mation of some sort. -
HAS QUIT BUSINESS
Arrival of Big French liner
Leads to This Hope
New York, Oct. 10. Unharmed,' the
French liner Lafayette, with many
notable aboard, docked, here today.
She had crossed from Bordeaux since
last week Sunday, while Paris and the
United States feared for her. safety
because of the recent submarine war
off the gateway, to America. '
The Lafayette, the finest passe gar
French ship, now : afloat, carried 3-4
persons, including Enrico Caruso, sing
er,. Frank A. Muusey and. S. 8.. Mc
Clure, . publishers, .. Mr. and Mrs. K.
Vanderbilt, Miss Ann Morgan,., and
John" Barrett of .. the Pan-American
Union. . , .. ..
That the Lafdyeltv was unscathed
caused relief aloii tta weti'.-fcciii. -
Her safety, along with chit ot the
Hellig Olav, reported chased by a aub
marine, and tho arrival of the liners
St. Paul and Canopi.: wore t&kun as in
dicative of a cessati-iu In Gorman sub
marine raiding off this coast. Marin
ers, however, will tako unusual precau
tion, inasmuch as th.y Leliovj that tho
V boats may still bo '.n-the offing.
The American liner et. Paul took the
precaution of - lighting ho.-- -American
markings thoroughly - while rat-sing
through tho raiding jono. '
SHE'S FOR WILSON
Celebrated Social Worker
Declares for President's
; Re-election -X
Chicago, Oct.. 10. "I
vote for .Wilson..'-' - .
am going to
That is- the announcement by Miss
Jane Addams of Hull House, called 'by
Theodore Roosevelt "America's great
est citizen,'-'- and the most widely
known social worker in the world, who
arrived in Chicago from a sick, bed
in Maine in order to cast her first prosi
uential vote for Wilson.
Miss Addams was the central woman
figure in the first progressive national
convention in 1M12- Her appearance on
the platform In that memorable gather
ing caused a demonstration lasting
half bu hour and second only to the
demonstration accorded to Colonel
RoOBevelt himself, by his then fellow
"I am too ill to prepare a formal
statement," said Miss Addams today,
"but to the direct question from
friends I have answered that I intend
to vote for Woodrow Wilson. I am too
ill to do any political work."
Thus to the long list of widely known
women supporting President Wilson is
added the name of Miss Addams.
In this list are such names as Mrs.
Ella Flagg Young, former superinten
dent of schools of Chicago, Mrs. An
tonctte Funk, Miss Mary McDowell, di
rector of the Chicago university's so
cial settlement work in the stock yard
district and known as the "Angel of
the Stock Yards," Ida M. Tarbell and a
score of others.
In San Francisco Ends
San Francisco, Oct. 10. Work was
resumed todav nt the Union Iron Works
shipyards here and in Alamedn and at
the Moore & Scott ynrds in Oakland by
the 2,200 striking boilemiakers, follow
ing an ngrccment reached Hundny
whereby the shipfitters' organization
at the two yards will join the Interna
tional Boilermakers' Union, and the in
dependent organization of shipwrights
and caulkers will affiliate, with the Uni
ted Brotherhood Carpontcrs and Joiu
ers of America. Affiliation of these or
ganizations with the American Federa
tion of Labor was the whole issue.
TO ARGUE IT IN FEBRUARY
Washington, Oct. 10. The supreme
court of the United States today as
signed the governments ease against
jthe United States 8'eel Corporation for
I argument February 20.
Reports from Workers In All
Sections Are Highly
BIG COMPANIES ADOPT
THE EIGHT HOUR SYSTEM
Railroad Officials Indorse
President's Action in
By Robert J. Bender.
v (United PreBs staff correspondent.)
.. Long Branch, N. -J.t' Oct.' 10. State
ments by F. D. Underwood, president
of the Erie' railroad, and Robert 8.
Lovett, chairman pf the board of the
Union Pacific railroad; endorsing Presi
dent Wilson aud disputing claims that
the president acted with political expe
diency when he forced through congress
the eight hour day for railroads, is the
best news which has struck Hhadow
Lawn in some days the president's po
litical lieutenants declared today. - ' -While
the big railroad - chiefs dis
agree with the president on the eight
hour law, their support of the so-called
Wilsoa policy now under republican fire
is taken by democratic -leaders here as
a strong indication that the substantial
business- interests of. the country are
finally swingiug- into line behind the
president.- They look for further an
nouncement by other leading railroad
men similar to those of Underwood and
As a matter of fact, Bhadow Lawn
bears' a- very otlmbjtie .. atmosphere
these days. Ai-'tton fey several big busi
ness concern in the .country,: notably
the F.ndicott and Johnson, shoe manu
factory, in not only endorsing,' but ac
tually putting into effect an eight hour
day, tir held by the president's advisers
as indicative that society approves the
principle of the eight hoar day as claim
ed by the president and that hi means
of settling the threatened railroad strike
are "obviously being vindicated." c
l'arty leaders here who two weeks ago
were dubious, today are literally walk
inir on air. : They- feel the- slump hits
passed and that "Hughes will never, be,
able to eaten -up again.", . meir views
are based on scores of .-telegrams coming
in from their lietateaaata. all over the
country and contributions amounting
to something like, $20,000 a day are materially-
boosting'their optimism. . Dur
ing the-last five .days $160,000 were
rung up in democratic cash -registers.
Praises Democrats' Work.
Chicago, Oct. 18. President F..D.
Underwood, of' the Erie railroad, is-fur
President Wilson's re-election.- .
Approving the same idea held by
Judge Lovett of the Union Pacific.,. Un
derwood said in. an interview published
today that the democratic party had
"achieved the seemingly impossible and
is worthy of a future trial."
While opposed to Wilson on the eight
hour law, Underwood declared the presi
dent had shown honest motives and he
pointed out that the republicans ako
stand for an eight hour day.
As for tho outlook for prosperity, as
pledged by the republicans, Underwood
"I am not carried away by the state
ments and promises that any political
party on the outs make."
He expressed himself as not holding
the view that Wilson had oppressed big
Market Took a Spurt
and Stocks Were Active
New York, Oct. 10. A spurt of bull
activity Mich as has cauxed the rcci-nt
boom in the stock market, featured late
trading on tho stock exchange today.
United States Hteel jumped to 111 518
up 3 1-2; crucible gowned 4 1-8 at M.
American Locomotive jumped forward
2 1-4 at 77 1-4 and New York Central
was up 1 I S at 1011.
Bethlehem Hteel sold nt 547, up IS
for the day. The close was strong.
WHAT "THE CANDIDATES
ARE DOING, OCTOBER 10
Prohibitionist J. Frank Han
Iv and Ira I). Lnmlrith on prohi
bition special, en route north
Vernon, Ind., to Detroit, Mich.,
for big rally Monday night.
Republican-Charles K. Hugh
es spoke in Nebraska Monday
and will address night meeting
Socialist A. L. . Benson en
route Fresno, t.ul., lor meeting
lem'ocratic President Wil
son at Shadow Lawn and has
no speaking engagements to
Takes the Ground Fanners
- Should Have Been Con
. suited About It
ASSUMES THEY, AND NOT
CONSUMERS PAY FREIGHT
And Tells Them They Will
Feel Increased Rates,
Not In Existence
' - ' By Perry Arnold 1
(United Press staff correspondent)
Hastings, "Neb.,- Ot.' 16. Republican
Nominee Hughes today answered Pres
ident strictures as to .the '.'invisible
government", and the republican party
and then struck emphatically at the
democratic administration's failure to
consider, pleas of -farmers for considera
tion .prior to enactment of the Adam
son eight hour law.
- 'He spoke to an audience of more
than 2000 people assembled in the open
air on one of the streets noar tho sta
tion, ii .....' t. .!'..; ... .....
. "Lit me say here," he remarked
with a vigorous gesture, "that those
who are docluiming to the American
public about, 'invisible government'
had bettor, remember that . when I was
execntive responsibility. in New. York,
there was no 'invisible government' in
that state. V'-'' ..'..- ' ,
Hughes' reference to ignoring of the
right of farmers to be hoard in any
increase in wages to- railroad employes
which-was bound to be reflected in
increased freight rates was particular
ly well received by bis audience of far-
he declared, "that it -seems to me the
farmers of the country. were very. little
considered the other day, when, on the
demand of the administration .the wag;
es. of a curtain grounxof .railroad- env
ployegfWreriaerje&sea Dynasty; legis
lation on the demand..bf, force,,: I- do
net -believe in that klndof .legislation.
It Is very thoughtless, to say the least,
of the interests of the great agricul
tural communities such, as this, because
if you Increase the expenses of carriers
by a great, increase in wages, somebody
has-got to -pay. the bill. .When you say
thst railroads will pay increased ex
penses, you -have only, begun, Railroads
get money from .the shippers and the
farmers will know, very quickly who
pays the .'increased rates, - which., are
paid, if increased expenses - are thus
put upon railroad companies.
"Now, there was a great protest-in
time, on behalf of farmers. They were
not represented in this discussion, if
you can call it such. They were . not
represented in this surrender, they were
on the outside with others of the pub
lie. 1 have here a copy of the telegram
which was sent to the president by Mr.
H. N. Pope, the president of the state
farmers union of '1'oxas, wnicn pui very
briefly the demand of the farmers with
respect to this matter."
The telegram, which Hughes read in
full, asked that "thore be no conces
sions or committments that will in any
manner eauso an increase in freight
rates on products produced or consum
ed on tho farm," ana urgeu inai n
committee of farmers be permitted to
"If you conclude io seme uy urui
tration," the message concluded, "then
the organized farmers should have rep
resentation on any arbitration commit
tee that may bo formed to dispose of
the auestion. for tho men who pay
should hnvo representation as well as
the men who receive it. e again urg
that all questions involved be settled
iiv nrliitnitioii. where all parties and
all interests can bo heard and the sub
ject dealt with frco from haste or in
' "No regard wns paid to that mas
sage," Hughes continued. "The busi
ni s men of the country, through the
chamber of commerce- of the United
States were at tho same time, and hud
for many weeks before, been imploring
the executive and the leaders in con
gress for an Immediate und exhaustive
inquiry in order that the justice of this
mutter might be known.. The farmers
were not there, except through the
(Continued on page two.)
Alaskan Miner Found
After Six Week's Search
Seattle. Wash., Oct. 10. After a
,.nri-h nf six weeks, friends of K. K.
Ulanuer. wealthy Alueka miner, found
him in a duzod condition in a nm b
nue rooming house Snturday. Less than
$100 wns in his pockets. He was un
able to explain the loss ot $10,000 be
lieved- to nave neeii in ins iuit-miuu
when he arrived here September 20.
William Nnrd, proprietor of the room
ing house, where Blanker was found,
and his wife have been arrested and
held on open charges pending investigation.
NEB R ASK AN S
THANKSGIVTNCf NOV, 30 '
Long Branch, If J., Oct., 16.
Thanksgiving Day will be ou -.
the last Thursday in Novmbcr,.
as usual, which means that it
will fall on the last day of next
month.- Suggestions -have been'
S made in view of tho fact that ,
. the feast day is coining so close
to Christmas this year,' Prcsi--,
dent Wilson should designate
November 23 as the Official
date. . .
. : It was learned today, how
ever, that the president will
name November 30 as the date
in his proclamation.
TO BENEFIT CHILDREN
BORN OUTJF WEDLOCK
Legislation to Bestow Full
Legal Rights On All
Washington, Oct. 10 The case of the
children of unmarried parents .will be
soon placed before the people pf the
United states. The children's bureau of
the labor department is now tabulating
statistical reports from all parts Of the
country, bearing on the problems 'of
illegitimacy and a comprehensive report
will be issued. "It will then be up to
the public," said Mrs. Helen L. Sumner,
assistant chief 'of - the bureau, today-
"Our bureau will make no recommen
dations. It is purely statistical in char
acter.'.'. .''.:.-. . - - -
The statistics will not include the
number- or even the approximate num
ber of illegitimate children in the Unit
ed- States. Such figures are impossible
of attainment, the - bureau has found.
But a great information on. the subject,
designed to make intelligent considera
tion of the question possible, has been
gathered. - - . ... v
While recommendations - for special
legislation are not within the scope of
the bureau, the feeling exists, it is un
derstood that some legislative - action
suctf as the SwedisS system, tending to
bestow full '. legal rights on n nameless
children, should be in' force ' in -this
country, Children 'born of unwed pa
Vents, of ten " love matches," and there
fore, according to prominent nygenists,
very 'superior to the average offspring
of the marriage state; bear the heavy
enough burden' through, no fault of their
own, of the- social tigma, it is felt,
without the bare sinister of Utter disre
gard by- the state. ' 1 '- ' - "
The bureau report -will also deal with
the relation of illegitimacy -to. depend
ency, infant mortality, private and pub-
lie guardianship and mental" deficiency.
This Unless Submarine Activ
ities Are Renewed On
New York, Oct. 10. Shipment of mu;
nit ions to warrinir Europe will continue
unabated, unless worse submarining Oc
curs off the American gateways than
has occurred to date, marine men said
While they did not discount the pos
sibility of new rnids, the safety of the
giant French liner LaFayettc, the Scandinavian-American
liner Helig Olnv and
tho American liner St. Paul lent
strength to the thought that the raiders
tuny now be streaking homeward.
The LaFayette took the precautions
of dimming her lights through tho ruid
zone, but encountered no enemy.
Weather bureau officials said today
that the possibility of autumn storms
may have driven the U boat or boats to
shelter. From now on marked weather
changes and possibly equally and even
dangerous wsuthcr are likely to occur,
said the bureau, though the worst
storms cenerallv do not hit tho upper
Atlantic until January-
From one of the lending Mritisii lines
come the stntement today that the sub
marine raids have had "not the slight
est effect" upon the munitions traffic,
aside from temporary delays last week
by holding boats in port.
Among the ships due in this week
from Kurope is the United States, to
morrow, while the Frederick VIII sails
tomorrow and the Cedric and Kyuclam
JAPANESE AND RUSSIANS
Washington. Oct. 10. The Chinese
embassy today officially confirmed
Pckin "reports ' that the Japanese and
Russian governments havo protested
against the railway ami canal rights
concessions or tho American interna
tional Corporation of New York and
the Sioms-Curey company of St. Paul,
Embassy officials would not d'scuss
the protests, but it is believed they
have been . laid Dciore tne siais u
BY KRIIPPS IMIIIGj
MUlliTIONS OF WAR
20,000 Added to Again Place
, . Germany In Lead With j
. Material !
MILU0NS OF SHELLS !
TURNED OUT WEEKLY
1,100 Working On Big Gcni
at One PointDrills Army
of New Workers
By Carl W. Ackerman.
(United Press staff correspondent)
Essen, Germany, Oct. 1ft. Twenty
thousand new workers wilt this 'week.'
join the force of 70,000 already employ
ed at tne great a.rupp gun works i the '
gigantic task of turning out shells and
guns to feed the German armies.
- The addition of this huge force is one
step in the course Germany's rent-wed
efforts- to win the -war is taken uaUr
the-direction of Field Marshal Von '
Hindenburg, now chief of staff. Many
skilled '. workmen are being recalled .
from- the front to aid in speeding np
the production of war supplies and bar- '
racks are being built here to house
From conversations with Krnpp diree- .
tors, with August Thyssen, the "Came-"
gie of Germany," and other industrial
leaders, three. facts become apparent re
garding the Herman campaign sinj
Uindeuburg assumed leadership.
First Germany plans to maintain
her.suprcmacy in the atijlery braaoh of
wan are oy increasing tne supply of
guns and ammunition.
Second- By renewed - submarine f-
forts she plans to stop contraband go
ing to rEngland from neutral Buropeaa
countries, to -, halt ammunition ship
ments from. America to England to step
Canadian ' transports - from carrying
troops to r.urope. V
to ores fnguuurs Hand.
Third--By an offensive against Busr
sis and. Rumania, while maintaining aa
iron wall defensive in the-west, slie
plans to bring. England between tho
jaws of . Hindenburg ' military - vis
and pinch, her until she make peaee. -
. ivrupps may Be sa;rj to be-getting
a. second wind: -Industrie tarmtaaout
the entire - Rhine . and 'Ruhr valleys;
where sheila roll out weekly by the
millions, are preparing the- army- fee
the final stretch. - A visit to the great
gun plants here .-give one an injprtwiiea
of. the gigaqtrc plans Germany ia- Bank
ing. . ' .
r.ssen now feels so secure against pos
sible air raids that the- anti-craft-. guua
have been removed. Defense of the city
wns found unnecessary become the
smoke rising from a hundred thousand
chimneys night and day forms a thick
cloud ever the entire Rhine and Ruhr
valleys, making it impossible for aror
planes to distinguish, between Duisburg,
Alelheim and Essen, though. miles sep
arate the cities. In the latest allied
air raid three children were killed and
the roof knocked off one house near
Essen, but the Krupp establishments
were hot touched." '
The Krupp factories are so enormous
and the machinery so grout that work '
men look like dwarfs. The- women
workers, numbering L'0,000 and dressed
in overall bloomers, add a tomh of
Plants Grow Like Muchrooms.
Tho plants arc growing like much-rooms.-
Somo idea of their tremendous
si.e may be gathered frora the fact that
in one storeyard a million shells are
kept always on hand and this number
is being steadily increased. In the cen
ter of tho plant is a large target range
whore shells and cannon are tested be
fore being sent to tho front.
In this great plant scieuce studies
ovory lesson of sea battles an dartillery
duels and works out the details. The
manufacture pf armor plate and big
guns is a tedious and exact series of
acts as those by which a pharmacist
prepares a prescription. Before some of
tho ingredients are used it takes four
mouths to preparo them.
In one building, 1,100 men were work
ing on only uig guns. In another build
ing smaller guns were being drilled. In
still another 37 ton pieces of armor plate
(Continued on page two.)
THE WEATHER ;
to east winds.