Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, October 06, 1916, Image 1

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Buigars tierng Steadily Forced Back by British Russians
and French Pushing Toward Serbo-Greek Frontier
Serbians Fighting Their Way North In Attempt to Flank
Bulgars Out of Monastir Fighting Is Renewed at Verdun-Russian
Loss 6,000,000
London, Oct. 6. British troops are driving back the
Bulgars in severe fighting on the Struma front, it was
officially announced today. v
The town of Nevolen was occupied by the British with
opt loss, after a brief artillery attack.
The capture of Nevolen was. announced here at about
the same time an official report was received from Gen
eral Sarrail, commanding the Balkan operation that the
Bulgars were retreating under British attack. A delayed
Bulgarian official statement had announced the repulse
of British attacks at Nevolen. The war office reported
the capture of 342 prisoners in recent operations on the
Struma. 1
Not only on the right wing but south of Monastir, the
allies are-vigorously on the offensive. General Sarrail
announced violent fighting on the entire Medzili-Kenali-Gradesnika
Southwest of Monastir, French and Russian detach
ments, having occupied the villages of Buf and Popli, are
pushing their advance toward, the Serbo-Greek frontier
r frith the greatest vigor. Allied and Bulgar troops are
battling for possession of the hills leading down to Mon
astir, about eleven miles away.
A -Serbian army that crossed the Greek frontier more
than a fortnight ago has fought its wav to a plateau
, , Tr .it i
northwest oi Kaimakchalan.
ing normwara m attempt to iianis tne " bulgars out oi
Monastir. .
On the allies extreme right in the Struma valley, the
tj.:-;v. ,i,i :.. r..i : i.... .j.
uuLicii nave icyiu&eu successive uuiganun counter at
tacks. Official dispatches from Bucharest today admitted
that the Rumanians have retired across the Danube,
after making a successful raid on Bulgarian soil, but
brought no confirmation of the Bulgarian official report
that about 15,000 Rumanian troops were wiped out.
British Still Advance. nave captured enemv positions south of
London, Oct. 0 -British troops north Brzezany (southeast of Lcmberg), ro
of the Somme advanced their position .l.t 1 r, m , . . '
further east iu fighting northeast of pelhn rel(ftte1 German-Turkish coun-
Eaucort Ii'Abbnye, in the direction of iet tcks, it was announced officially
the Bnpaurae highway, it is officially today, v
anummceu touny.
(South of the Ancre brook, there was
.uiiBiueriiuiv . amiierving annua tne
East of I.oos and east- of Homeeu
tiercs, Haig's men discharged gas suc
cessfully and near Loos nnd south of
Arras conducted successful raids on the
enemy trenches, .
Fighting at Verdun.
Pnris, Oct. G. A violent bombard
rnont broke out in the northeastern front
of Verdun last night after several weeks
r.f inactivity, the war office announced
Thenetivity, evfdently a prelude to
.severe fighting, was heaviest on the
Cote Poivre and the I.aufee wood sec
tors. Artillery on both sides was Verv
active on the Snmnio front- Near Qu-
:inevieies a French patrol clenned up
n Germnn supporting trench with gren-
Russians Capture Position.
I'etrogrn.l, Oct. (1. Russian troops
Tcllin' someone that
fine when thev don't
won t
Boytliing. Mrs. Till'ord Moots kin now
d-ive in her garage wiihout hittin' tli
fides (iiilv a little bit.
ml n i i
lne Serbs are now dnv -
Fierce- battles are proceeding
ZIota Ilev nnd in the regions of
nka. iran nine. n,..l An,.,,,,...,..
Austro-Oermans are resisting stnlihonik-
nd counter attacking. In this fighting
5;'9 prisoners hnve been taken.
In Dobrudjn, the Russo-Rumniiinii of
fensive continues. Three hundred more
prisoners have beeu taken.
Bulgare Evacuate Villages.
Berlin, Oct- 6. Bulgarian troops have
evacuated several villages on the east
bank of the river Struma where" the
British have begun an offensive, the
war office announced this ii'fternooii.
In Transylvania, Field, Marshal Fnl
kenhayn has won a new' victory over
tho Rumanians, driving the enemv 's
center- back across tho- Homorod liud
Alt rivers nnd Btorming fcjincn.
Bulgars are Retreating.
Snlonikn, Oct. 0. Bulgarian troops
are retreating before the British on the
Struma sector, snid an' official state
ment by General Sarrail toduy.
At the same time violent fighting
has broken out in the allies' right wing.
General Sarrail reported.
The battle is raging with great in
tensity on the entire Medzili-Keuuli-(radesiiika
No Rnmaiiians Left.
Sofia, Out. (I. Not ii single Ruman
ian soldier of the 1.000 who crossed the
Pnnube nnd were encircled nnd cut
to pieces by the Bulgars now remains
on Kulgiirinn soil, it wus officially nu-
l ont,niid on Pair Two t
Direct Wireless
Service .to Japan
San Francisco, Oct. fi. A direct wire
less telegraph service td Japan will be
opened in a couule of weeks, it is an
nounced today by the Murcani Wire
less Telegraph company. A. H. Ginman,
general superintendent, is here making
final arrangements.
The iiihngurafinn of the system 'fol
lows several months of experimenting,
ciilijiuuliiig in recent daily communica
tion with a station 15 miles from Tokio
by ilirect service from here..
The trans Pacific service, made pos
sible by recently perfected inventions
will be followed bv a wireless service
ill the Philippines, aecordiug to 'Gin
num. Messages transmitted to Japan
will be delivered there by the govern
ment, which controls the wireless ap
paratus throughout Nippon,
San Francisco, Oct. 0 All tie
profits made from the European
war by W. A. Clark, Jr., son of
Senator Clark, Montana copper
king,. are being set aside to al
leviute suffering in France when
the war ends. Today, Clark, who
is visiting here, stated that he
has over $2,000,000 in the fund
for this purpose, representing
profits from war materials and
from rises in "war brides."
"This war is terrible. I want
no profit from -k," said Clark
sjc jft sc SC S(
President Composes It Of
Two Republicans and One
Washington, Oct,- (i. Administration1
officials in Washington today consider,
the eight hour commission named by
President Wilson to be n rer.inrknbiy
strong body. Tho commission U com
Iosed of two republicans and one pro
gressive. Major General George Ooe-j
tlials, chairman, and interstate com
merce commissioner K. K. Clarice, are
the two republicans and Federal trade
commissioner George liublee is the pro
gressive. The qtiulititiutions of the men
as catalogued by officials h,ere are:
Major General Goetlials Knowledge
of railroad affairs through building and
handling of canal line; experience as
largest employer of men in the country
while engineer in chief of the canal.
Coinmisioner Clarke Experienced as
railroad man and union man, seventeen
years as nn official of the Order of
Rnilwnv Conductors; knowledge of !
broad railroad problems obtained on in-1
terstute commerce commission, under,
aiipoiutiuent bv lioosevelt. Tuft and
v.oniiuissioiier luiuice m ciuu mur
with American problems through ser
Commissioner Rtibleo-
-ln close touch
vice on federal trade commission nnci
study of labor questions : for . many
The commission is expected to begin
its work of investigation before the
Adamson law, providing tho eight hour
day, actually oes into effect, January
1. They must report to tne president
and congress some time after July 1.
191", and before October 1, " 1117, on
the effect of the operation of the law.
Congress appropriated $25,000 for ex
penses, but none of this will tnko the
form of salaries for the commissioners,
since all three men are now salaried
government officials.
Washington, Oct. 0 Pretty
fair baseball weather will bo
provided tor that opening game
at Boston tomorrow.
Tonight will be fair in fios
ton, the. United States weather
burenu said today and timor
. row likewise will be fair, al
though somewhat cooler.
By Carl W. Ackerman,
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Berlin, Oct. fi. A submarine )lock-
nde of ceratiu English hariwrs was sug
gested to the government by several
leaders of the Von Tirpitz faction, ad
vocating a resumption of submarine,
warfare, it was learned today.
The Von Tirpitz supporters offered
this suggestion ns a compromise. They
urged that such a course would bo in
accord with the chancellor's announced
determination of prosecuting a vigor
ous war against England and would cut
off English food nnd ammunition sup
plies without endangering the lives or
property of neutrals.
The government is not impressed by
the suggestion .and there is no present
indication that it will be put into
force. The wrnuglo between the Von
Tirpit.ites and the government news
papers continues
witnout aiiaiement,
i... ....... ..:.. :u .N,,,:,,., 41. B im
,01 uir cmvii.un . "'
eilorts to overtnrow 1110 rnanceuor an-1
doomed to failure and that there will j
be no change in tho personnel of the;
government. during the war. American
believe reports that a new crisis- in
German-American relations threatens,
nre without foundation.
Final Effort of Conservat.ves.
The present reichstng fight appears
to be the filial effort of the conserva
tives, wealthy industrials, annexation
ists and ngrnrinns to get control of the
government. Their allies arc lobbying
and using every effort to overthrow
'the chancellor but llethmann llollweg
appear stronger today than he did last
June when the fight on hi;u was
i -
New York Evening Post Says
It Has trustworthy
Germany Willing to Consider
Terms Proposes to End
the War
New York, Oct. 0 Ambassador Ger
ard, according to the Kvening Post this
afternoon is bringing to President Wil
son nn application from Germany for
the president to use his good offices in
suing for peace. The Post's article
"Germany has definitely decided to
apply to President Wilson to use his
good offices in suing for peace with the
nllie. This was learned today from
sources in a position to have absolutely
trustworthy information on these mat
ters. "It is understood that Ambassador
James W. Gerard, who is on his way
over here, will lay the kuiser's request
before President Wilson within a week.
"Important banking interests in close
touch with Germany's plans pointed
out today that a great many nations
were involved in the European conflict,
and hence, months might elapse before
peace would be finally consummated,
even in the event that President Wil-
son intervened as mediator.
"Ambassador Gerard is on board the
steamship Frederick VIII which left
from the other side on Saturday last
and is due uere..,jv,eording to officers
of the linn probably eu Tuesday next.
" Coroborration of the statement from
other sources on this side of the water
which might be described as 'highest
authority' came this afternoon to sub'
stuntinte tho belief in 'financial circles.
"Tho main statement, made with
great positiveuess todav, tends to con
firm the rumors that have been afloat
for months.
"It is a fnct, however, positively it
may have 'been denied officially that
the posmbilitv of President Wilson act
ing as mediator has been discussed by
Germnn officials with Ambassador Ger
ard. It is therefore by no means sur
prising tlfnt the reports now take def
inite shape m connection with Mr.
Gerard 'a trip to this country.
"The source from which the informa
tion was obtained did not know what
J. ,1.1 1,., t.tfara.t W I ! ...... n v Mr.
j.i.i.,f;i .i.t .,o ,.i,.u;!,i.i..
I but it was generally thought that if
Germany was making the offer in view'
'of recent events of the wnr the terms
ih. Tnntnnir . .mnirM wnnl.l ournn
which the Teutonic empires would agree
to would be much more reasonable than
those which have been suggested from
time to time as a basis for ending the
I Tho government is showing no weak-
I ness but is grabbing tho bull by the
horns. Foreign Kecretnry Von Jngow
daily receives leaders of each party,
exnlainiim his position confidentinllv.
Vice Chancellor Helfferieh does the
fiuino. '
A trusted German official, one 0
I he best informed men Jiere who knows
the United States and American senti
ment well, declared confidently to the
United l'ress today that the present
political explosion will not bring the
downfall of either Chancellor Von
Ifethninnn-Hollweg or Foreign Hecro-1
tary Von Jugow. Neither does it fore
cast a resumption of reckless subma
rining ns some neutrals seem to be
lieve, hesald.
"It Would Be Insanity."
''But some Americans fear that the
submnrinings may commence again,"
he was told. "Americans traveling 111
I Germany an
told by business men thut
submarining should bo renewed."
"Jt would be insanity for the gov
ernment to resume the former sub
marine policies just because the wild
Tsges Zeitung (one of the most ener
getic supporters of the Von Tirpitz
pidicies), should demand it," the Ger
mun official replied. "It would be in
sanity to invite tho whole world to
enter the war against Germany unless
there was absolute proof that tne war
could be ended immediately with a
German victory.
I don't believe half the people of
i f. . a 1V wnilt the submarine
war re
change ! n0AP1i ' Kvtn if there wa n
(Continued on Page Z.)
Eighty-Six-Year - Old Mother
. Jones Takes Hand In -Strike
"Pirates Take the Money and
We Build Jails Instead
of Homes"
By CarlD. Groat.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
New York, Oct. 0. "Now York's
too damned quiet. This traction strike
is too much like a picnic. I'm going
to stir 'em up nwrl lJra going to do it
through the women."
Eighty-six year old "Mother" Jones.
angel of the mine camps, who stirred
women to the riot stnire last nicrht. com
mented thus today promising at the
same timo that the metropolis would
see some "fire works" before she was
done. With every sentence, sho pound
ed her first on a table to drive home her
This labor trouble in New York is
just the start of a social revolution all
over the country," bIio shid. "I had
lioped that it wasn't, but it is. And.
it 's really the women who count in any
nation. They start reforms and revolu
tions. You know they made the men
tear down the bastile in the French
revolution-4ind you know, there's nev
er been a king in France since then."
A twinkleu came into her eyes, and
the set lines of her face relaxed.
: "Yes, the did stir things up a bit
last night," she said, reverting to the
riot incident. "Ypu know women are
queer." .
- Nation is Brutalized.
Just then tho telephone rang. A
man at the other end informed "Moth
er" that two of the women rioters had
been held for tho grand jury.
"Oh, that's all right," she replied.
"It'll all come out all right."
Then she turned to the reporter.
"This city is money mad," Bhe con
tinued. "The pirates down in Wall
street are fanatical. with their millions.
And, the mayor; nnpareutlv is coroorn-
tion controlled. But they can't scare
us witn grand juries. You know I 've
been in the bull pen myself."
She hammered on the tnblo agnin.
"No, we're going to stir this old
town up. Women can't bo denrnved
and starved, for they are, the nation
will bo criminal nnd denraved. We've
Rt to have the full pay onvclope every
" uve a
1 """ ' i """"". ps, me oni town s
damned quiet. We 'vo got to get
the women together. The city is bru- German houses, principally the latter,
talized; tho nation is brutalized, all! It developed, however, that the chief
becuuso the pirates tako all- the money. object of their visit and the Russian
That's why we build juils instead ofjv'''rs were frank about it, it is snid
homes-" was to obtain the sanction of the
"How does New York compare with Venezuelan government to the sending
Colorado?" Mother Jones was asked, over of hundreds of thousands of ltus
recnlling her part in the bloody mine "ii" Poles to be settled on agricultural
troubles in that state. nnd grazing land. Under Venezuelan
"Why the police here nre just like law, these immigrants, if admitted,
the armed guards of the mine camps," would each be entitled to H00 acres of
she retorted, "only there's so many land. The Russiun government, it is
of them that they don't hnve to use ma-j understood is prepared to subsidize the
chine guns. You know nbout last night. , colonists, paying their passage and pro
My God, to think of women clubbed nyividing some capital for the purchase of
police. Thpt's the lowest ebb of civiliza-1 livestock, farm tolls, etc,
tion, Isn't Itf" I The trade discussion which tho two
"Mother" will stay iu town a while. ! commissioners opened is said to have
She has to see the "boys" and will been to get the good willof the Vene
take their orders, but she revealed that zuclaii government. In addition to the
there's trouble ahead recalling the suggestion of large purchases tho corn-
days of the 1H00 coal strike when she !
led a frenzied crowd of women over the;
, IiMIh
and "beat tho capitalists' mili
i tin
But," she commented, smoothing
nut the black braid on her purple bodice
that looked like a touch of grandmoth
er's time, "(here's better times ahead.
We wont nlwavs hnve to fight. I lived
too long to be nil pessimistic. I see good
for tho future good nnd nnppiness."
Rather Be Devil Than Lady.
New York, Oct. fi ".Mother" Jones'
instructions to striking men's wives to
"play hell," showed net results to
day in apiH-arance iu police court of
three men and six women arrested after
one of the fiercest melees the traction
strike has yet developed.-
Charges were made today that police
clubbed some of the women in the mob
that rushed from the hull where Mother
Jones spoko Ami with her burning in
junction fresh in mind, attacked a sur
face cor at Eighty-sixth and Second
avenue, smashing nil windows nnd ut
most wrecking the woodwork. In fact
one patrolman exhibited a splintered
club he had wielded on the daddened
"Don't think too much of being lad
ies," was Mother Jones' advice. "I
rather be called 'that old she-devir as
some of the cupitalists call me, than to
be called a lady. "I've looked out of
the bars in many a bull pen and I'm still
able to raise hell. Now,, you women,
help your men."
Th spirit seemed to creep into the
(Continued on Pag Twi.)
Ten Met Death In Fire ' k ,
at Christian CoMe
St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 6. With I tn
bodies foun officials today were satis
fied there would be no larger toll 4'()m
tho fire which yesterday destroyed the
historic Christian Brothers College. S
Two rigid investigations were on tqr
day to rest tho blame for sending' a
squad of firemen into the ruins, but a
few hours after the fire was under con
trol. Six firemen wore killed and eight
injured, two perhaps fatally, when a
wall collapsed. Chief . HcndWson was
not on the scene when the wall' fell
and he will be called to testify before
the coroner whether he left orders to
enter the building.
Russia Would Depopulate Po
land by Sending Them to
Washington, Oct. 0. Russia is
negotiating with South Ameri
can republics for the coloniza
tion of over one million Rus
sian Poles in Latin America.
Five hundred thousand will be
distributed in Venezuela, Colom
bia, Kriindor, Poru and Bolivia,
if the Russian plans succeed and
the remainder will be placed iu
Argentine and Chile.
This was learned by tho Uni
ted Press today on unquestion
able authority.
' .
Washington, Oct. 0. Several months
ago a Russian commission of 12 mem
bers, en route to South America, came
to Washington, for certain letters of
introduction. They presented hero let
ters from Hudson Maxim, the explo
sives inventor and member of the IJu
pon Powder company and from Senator
O 'Gorman of New York.
They received letters to South Amer
ican personage from John Barrett, di
rector of the Pan-American Union. They
did not go to the stute department for
e.ny letters of recommendation.
Upon arriving in South America the
commission split up into three groups.
One, composed of Joseph Dnliudu, pub
lisher of a financial paper in Petro-
grad; and Marc Bounimouvitch, a Pctro
grud hanker, went to Cnrncas, capital of
, cnezucia, wticro they are not con
ducting the negotiations with tho min
istry of development.
At- first thev diBcussed purely cir
cumstantial matters, chiefly concerning
possible arrangements to purchase
Venezuela's entire yearly crop of cof-
fee, cocoa and mahogany direct from the
"- ., . .
iiiumnm-D m hm-ob itnr
Ruelau products through French ami
nussioners suggested that Russian cap
Hal would establish banks and a steam
ship line ami would send a diplomatic
representative to Venezuela. Similar
proposuls arc -understood to have beea
made or will be made to the other six
countries involved.
The organization in Venezuela nnd tho
other countries are, suid to be going
steadily forward.
The opinion has been expressed here
familiar with the negotiations thut Rus
sia wishes totally to depopulate Poland
of its native inhabitants, which liuvo
always been a political thorn in the sidol
of the government and re-people tho
land with north Kussiuus. The fuet that
thousands of the Russian Poles arc
German extraction is said to be a com
pelling reason for the scheme. On this
account, it is not believed the plan will
meet with ns much opposition from tier
many and Austria as it otherwise might.
The chief concern of the South Am
erican governments involved, is said to
be whether they want to risk flooding
their countries with thousands of aliens,
who might in a short time bo able to
dominate them politically ami commer
cially. On this account the Venezuelan gov-
j- eminent Tor one, is sain iu oe eonnuei
dJ ing the negotiations with great rare and
Rutland. 111., Oct. . The Stute Bank
here was blown up enrly today and rob
bed of- .tnKt. The yegKmi;n liavo not
been captured, I
Officials Say. 300,000 Saw
President Yesterday All .
Traffic Stops
Nebraskans Declare Demon
. stration Unique In Omaha .
Omaha, Neb., Oct, 0. Presi-'
dent Wilson surely was given
a tremendous reception by the
peoplo of Nobrnska yesterday
afternoon. As viewed by old
time politicians, it was the
greatest demonstration he hao
received since taking office.
Three miles of solidly packed
humanity jammed along the -thoroughfares
of the city, ehoer
ed, shouted and applauded as.
the exocutive party passed.
- Windows, roofs nnd the com- .
ices of buildings were packed to
the danger point with men, wo
men and children. Officials de
clared 300,000 peoplo saw him.
All street car traffic wnji tied
ut for an hour in every direc
tion and all efforts to clear the
streets of people, automobiles
and carriages proved fruitless.
Withal perfect order was main
tained by scores of policemen on
foot, horseback and riding se-,
Throughout the long "avenne
of demonstration the president,
stood in his automobile, hat in
hand, bowing and waving ack
nowledgements. Now and then
Mrs. Wilson stood also and was
always greeted with a roar of
welcome. -
. By Robert J. Bender.
. (Unitjd Press staff correspondent.)
On Board President Wilson's Train,
Clinton, -Iowa, Oct. fl President Wil
son is returning to his summer bome
nt Long Branch, today a happy mau. It
cannot be denied that Nebraska's wel
come to the executive yesterday baa
made a tremendous impression ou tho
democratic leaders und has stirred tho
president himself to a new optimism as
to the outcome of the election Novem
ber 7.
. The demonstration accorded his ev
ery appearance wus unique in the his
tory of the. Nebraska metropolis, Ne
braskans declared. It reached a climax
last night when thousands lined the
streets of Omaha until a late hour to
cheer him. The great auditorium was
jammed to the doors to hcur hiin.
But outside of the crowds, which,
might hnve flocked to pay tribute tc
any executive, the .president's friends
pointed to the outbursts of the audi
torium throng. . Question after question
sprung from thut audience, uxh oue
hailed with an outburst of cheering.
"Who kept us out of the wart" wus
"Wilson," came the unswering
"Who saved the nation!''
Agniu "Wilson."
"Who prevented the great striae!"
"Who gavo us the eight hour day!"
"Who gave us the rural credits!" .
Were nsked and always with applause,
the answer "Wilson."
The first mention of the president's
name by Governor Morehcad in his in
troductory speech, his appenrnnee in th
auditorium and his rising to speak, each
were heralded by nn ovation lasting
several minutes.
These things the president's cam
paign lieutenants are pointing to to
day as indications of the frame of mind
of the middle west. They refer to th
' reception accorded the president's utter
ances on peace "a viuuicatioii" mey
call, of the administration's foreign.
(Continued on rage 2.)
sc jt )s j(c jc )c
Oregon: To
night and Satur
day fair; warmer
tonight south
and east por
tions w inds most
ly northerly.