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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1916)
OVER 4000 DAILY
ITHIRTY-NINTII YEAR NO. 162
SALEM, OREGON? WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 9, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TRAINS AMD NBW
BTANDB rtVB OBJTT
ITAUANS TAKE GORITZ
AFTER TERRIFIC FIGHTING
Scores of Great Guns Pounded - Austrian Stronghold to
PowderTwo Million Men ; uggle for Possession of
I the Fortress-Its Fall Opeii ? ay for Invasion of Aus
r tria from the West-&rman vtake Thiaumont After
'; Series of Fierce Attacks Bri" Make Gains
By Ed L.
s (United Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, Aug. 9. The great Austrian stronghold of
Goritz, which for 14 months has blocked an. Italian in
vasion of Austria from the west, has fallen before the
victorious Italian armies.
The information first given the United Press from a
London source, was confirmed a few minutes later by the
receipt of official dispatches from Rome.
The Italians are believed to have stormed the citadel
last night or early today, only a few hours after they had
battered their way to victory at the Goritz bridgehead
and captured Monte San Michele, overlooking Goritz
from the south. .
Ten thousand Austrian prisoners were taken,, accord
ing to reports reaching London.
News of the Italian stroke, the greatest single victory
for the allies since the triple offensive against the central
empires began, was received here an hourafter official
word came from Petrograd of another striking Russian
Advancing swiftly toward
of btamslau, the Russians captured the town of Tysmien
ica an advance of six miles in 24 hours and a series of
minor villages and fortified river heights in the immedi
ate vicinity. The capture of
ers in this region alone was announced by the Petrograd
war office. -
On the Somme front only minor' operations were re
ported by the British and French war offices today, iri
cluding a slight British advance north of Pozieres. The
French officially admitted the recapture of the Thiaumont
work by Germans northeast of Verdun. ;
News of the fall of Goritz came as no surprise to Lon
don after word of the capture of the bridgehead and sur
rounding positions had been received. A United Press
dispatch from Rome this forenoon said that the fall of
Goritz itself was a matter of but a few hours, "if it is
not already in Italian hands."
The taking of Goritz, the greatest
achievement for Italian arms since Italy
declared war on Austria in May, 1915,
opens the way for an Italian advance
Hoiithward toward Trieste, one of the
j.rincipiil goals of the Italians.
Goritz is the point of convergence of
important railways and the key to the
whole plain opening up to the invasion
of Austria from the west.
In earlier attacks upon the great Aus
Irian stronghold the Italians had sacri
ficed many thousands of lives. The
Austrian! too have suffered enormous
ly in repelling Italian attacks.
Following successful artillerying the
Italians also completed the occupation
nf heights west of Goritz, said the of
ficial dispatch from Home. Large quan
tities of armj, ammunition and other
in.'iterinl fell into Italian hands.
The advancing Italian troops found
trenches and dugouts filled with Aus
On Monte Ban Michele, enemy coun
ter attacks were repulsed. More enemy
trenches were captured in tho region
of Sun MnrtinO.
The city of Goritz hus a population of
about 30.000 and is the capital of a
province. It lies on the east bank of
the Isonzo surrounded on three side?
A feller's convictions soon git rusty
lifter he's married. Don't worry over
7artiri with a dollar. It don't go very
the important railway city
7400 Austro-German prison-:
by mountain ridges and peaks which
constitute it a natural fortress.
Perhaps the most notable building of
the city is the ancient castle, formerly
occupied by he Count of Goritz, but in
modern times converted into a barracks.
The city has a famous fourteenth cen
tury cntliedral and a fine museum.
Two Million Fighting
By John H. Hearly
(United Press staff correspondent)
Rome, Aug. H. Two million men are
battling fiercely nlong the Isonzo front
in a great struggle centering about lo
ritz that may prove the turning point
or the war.
With the Goritz bridgehead and sur
rounding heights strongly in Italian
hands, Jtniian troops are pouring across
the river for the assault upon Goritz
itself, singing gnilv as thev advance
under hot fire, their helmets decked
Scores of great guns already are
pounding the Austrian stronghold. It
is believed certain here that Goritz
will fall before a storming attack with
in a few hours if it is not already in
The battle is spreading along the
Isonzo. In the first two davs of the
great offensive more than 11,000 Aus
trian prisoners were captured. The
Austrians resisted with the greatest
stubbornness and suffered frightful
Home was swept wih a tremendous
wave of enthusiasm today as fresii dis
patches from the front brought frag
mentary details of the righting around
Goritz. The whole city was instantly
bet'lngged when announcement of the
capture of the Gorit bridgehead was
made. A huge crowd gathered in Pi
azzi' Colonna and cheered the army,
King Victor Emmanuel nud General
Cadorna. Similar demonstrations oc
curred in the theatres and cafes.
In other Italian cities, Milan, Bo
logna, Leghorn and Florence, great
crowds gathered in patriotic demon
strations that lasted all night. The
general conviction is that the war of
fice statement was most conservative
and that Italy is ou the brink of
great and decisive victory that will
send Italian armies marching on
Awe Inspiring Spectacle.
"This is only the beginning of opera
tions promising great developments,"
said the newspaper Corriere d 'Italia.
'Indisputably, tie euemy's front has
The censor is now permitting publi
cation of some dispatches relating to
(Continned on P4 rVrea.)
AND THE DALLES DRY, TOO
Portland, Ore., Aug. 9 Teddy
Roosevelt's famous bewhiskered
bird that eats nuts at night is
almost outdone today by the
smiling fish without scales
which A. 8. Campbell, of The
Dalles, slew on the Columbia
river bunks while on a camping
trip. Reports received here
saying Campell discovered the
strange creature taking the
ozone on the beach. It was
about four feet long, dark green
without scales its fine were
long aud silky and it had a huge
mouth crowded with assorted
Bakers Say Duty Compels
Them to Make Bread
Eaters Pay More
Salt Lake City, Utah, Aug. 9. The
Master Bakers' association in resolu
tions adopted here today, declared it
was their "sacred duty to the public"
to fix the "uniform and minimum"
price of a loaf of bread at ten cents.
"Recognizing that tho American
puklic would not be a party to any
lowering of the present high standards
of food values," the resolutions de
clared that the bakers "confronted by
unprecedented advances in costs of all
materials, labor and overhead charges,"
wsnW encourage everywhere the ten
cent) loaf "to conserve the quantity and
quality of right of the public."
The" advertising columns of the daily
press of the country are to be used by
national association to "take the pub
lic into full confidence, " regarding
the reasons and necessities for the in
creased price of bread. "The baking
business is a public trust;" the resolu
tions said, "anil tne bakers must se
cure a living return upon their invest
ment.". "Permanent, senernl recession in
prices never, la to be expected,'.' tha
resolutions declared after citing the
consistent advance in retail prices of
all foodstuffs in recent years. ,
HUCKSTERS PROFIT BY
PRESENCE OF ARMY
Boys Turn Loose at Least
$20,000 a Day Among the
Headquarters California National
Guard, Nogales, Ariz., Aug. 9. Never
since the dnys of '40 has the west seen
such a gold rush as is now progressing
along the border from here to the Gulf
Regular army officers who have seen
a!l militia contingents along the north
ern edge of Mexico ending their "in
spection" here agree that hucksters
will coin millions if the guardsmen re
main even a month longer.
A leading Nugales bank publishing
its clearings, showed an increase of
$70,000 during July. Never before
has this bank contained so much
inonev, its president said. Officers es
timate if on the average, guardsmen
spend ten to f 'fty cents a day, $20,000.
goes into the pockets of hucksters
every day, with probably $50,000 spent
"Gold digger" is the soldierly ex
pression of n huckster. It sprang into
being a few weeks after arrival on the
border, when jitney raised prices from
fiv to fifteen cents, lunch counters
ilnnhle.l prices: soda emporiums treated
ni.AeU ho nennies. and nil hucksters
boost of the cost of living
Guardsmen refused to spend, and prices
immediately dropped with a bang ana
nilfla nani'n rolled in.
It is estimated todav that half the
California troopers are "dead broke.
The visit of the militea has trans
formed Nogales from a sleepy border
town into a center of prosperity such
as this region has seldom seen.
TWELVE KILLED IN MINE
Michel, B. C, Aug. 9. Twelve
men are known dead and all
mines here are closed down, fol
lowing an explosion in mine No.
3 here today. Lightning struck
signal wires and carrying the
current down to the mines,
ignited dust or gas starting the
explosion. Boulders and debris
were throw n a quarter of a mile
by the explosion. Fire starting
in one part nf the mine was ex
tinguished this afternoon.
He was a bard up family man
Now blame him if yon will;
A baby came the first of the month'
And he promptly called him 'BUI'.
Leaders at First Refused But
Yielded to Personal Pleas ;
of Mediators ,
STRIKE IS POSTPONED
AND MAY BE AVOIDED
Country Escapes Most Disas
trous Tie Up of Business
TRAINMEN WILL MEDIATE
:New York, Aug. 9. Repre
sentatives of the railroad em
ployes announced this afternoon
that they would accept the offer
of the United St n ten board of
mediation and conciliation to
submit their demands to media
tiou, provided action is immedi
Acceptance of mediation by
the employes came as a big sur
prise. It had been officially
stated by the big brotherhood
officers that they "would dis
cuss the differences with tho
railroad managers but that a
third party, was1 unnecessary,'
. . i . i .i . i. i
XI .rs ' ueiieveu lc pernunui
plea of -members of the United
States board brought about ac
ceptaace by the trainmen. That
means at least postponement of
the strike that would have call- ,
ed out 400,000 men and tied up
850,000 miles of railway on 225
railroada of thLeoiintry. -
It was believed by represen
tatives of both sides that media
tion negotiations will start im
mediately as demanded by the
brotherhoods. . i ... . . .;
' New York, Aug. 9. Representatives
o- 400,000 trainmen employed on 225
railroads of the United States will not
arbitrate demands for an eight hour
day and other concessions. Armed
with power to call s strike, tying up
250,000 miles tf 'railways, union heads
will discuss the questions involved with
railway officials, but will not consent
tn railing an intermediary.
This was the notice served upon the
railway managers today by A. B. Gar
retaon, head of the conducts' brother
hood. It brought the situation between
the emnlovers and employes to a dead
lock within an hour after the first of
their scheduled conferences was culled.
KlUha Iee, spokesman for the railway
managers, declared tho railroads wouiu
inaiut unnn mpditltion.
........ r -
Tho uuion representatives upciureu
they would not consent to an mterme-
Membors or tiie ieuerni meimmuu uuu
conciliation board are now here, but the
brotherhood heads declare they have no
desire to see them. With the confer
ence deadlocked, the meeting broke ui
and the railway managers went out in
search of the government meuiniorn.
The brotherhood officials went into
F.lisha Lee, formally invited the l lil
ted States board to offer its good of
fices in reaching a settlement shortly
before, noon today.
Members of the board who are nere
at President Wilson's request, met and
framed a letter to the representatives
nf the em oves asking that tho dc
mmuU be submitted to the bonrd.
Judge Martin Knapp, chairman of the
committee, suid mis nriernoon n uieei
inu of the representatives or the em
ployes and employers may be called this
Garretson said the employes wouiu
meet with the board but are unwilling
to join the employers in asking for the
services of the mediators.
Will Eely on Board. .
New York, Aug. 9. Representatives
of the railways, confronted with an ov
erwheluiing vote by 400,000 employes
in favor of a strike today proposed me
diation by the Federal Board of Me
diation and conciliation, when they
met with representatives of the fou
The rpntv of the railroads was dc
livered bv Klisha G. Lee of the Pennsyl
vnniii. On behalf of the employes, A. B,
Garretson. head of the conductors
brotherhood declined to accept media
tion, declaring the employes had found
arbitration unsatisfactory in previous
instances and furthermore that the two
sides were in position to confer directly
without anv intermediary.
I.ee responded that regardless of tha
attitude taken by the employes, the
representatives of the railways would
attempt to ennsi me rervices w
federal mediaion board.
Immediately following the reading of
the decisien of the employers, an execu
tive meeting of representatives of th
4')0,000 train employes was called to
PIKES PEAK IN IS MINUTES
Colorado Springs, Colo., Aug.
9. A new I'ikes Peak run rec
ord was held here today by
Hughie Hughes, as a" result of
his sensational drive yesterday
from here to the summit of
Pikes Peak, a distance of thir
ty one and a half miles in 45
Facilities for handling a
crowd 'of 25,000 at the Penrose
cup races here later this week .
were being rushed today; Bar
ney Oldfield and Eddie Ricken
backer wired today they would
enter the .contest.
Tinister Obregon Says Gov
ernment Has Bandits About
Mexico City, Aug. 9. Eighty thou
sand Carranza troops are now patrolling
the northern border Btntes, rounding up
nd exterminating bandits as rapidly as
possible, War Minister Obregon said to
day. He described conditions along the
border as "satisfactory."
Both in official and financial circles
was denied today that the Mexican
government plans at this time to at
tempt a loan in the United Saes. Be
cause Commissioner Caberera is particu
larly fitted to discuss financial and eco-
omicnl questions, it was rumored that
the conference between the Mexienn
nd American commissioners would die-
cuss the economic situation and survey
the field tor a loan. For tho present,
officials said, the commissioners will
iscuss only questions relating to a so
lution of the difficulties between the
Agullar Reported Killed.
El Paso, Texas, Aug,' 9.. General
Aguilar, commanding the escort of Car-
ranzista troops and a uuiBUer of -sol
diers and passengers are reported to
day to have been Killed in an attack by
Vtlliatas against a passenger train at
Noria station on the Durnngo-Torreon
line yesterday. About half of the 20
'illistns in the band were killed by the
troops in the fight, the Chihuahua, City
An unconfirmed report reaching Am
erican military men here was that Tor-
reon had peen captured b; Villiatas.
Dining Car Men Will
Hand Hughes Lemons
Seattle, Wash., Aug. 9. Republican
Presidential Candidate Charles F.vans
Hughes, after he leaves Ht. Paul en
route to the Pacific coast, will have
to guard his whiskers.
If he doesn't, they will get gummed
up with lemon pie.
Dining tar superintendent n. T. ii
tus and David Tobias, his chief lieuten
ant of the Northern Pacific dining
car service, arranged today to keep the
Hughes party supplied with initialed
lemon pies and great big baked potn
"The pies will bear Hughes' name,
said Titus, "and will be the kind moth
cr used to try to make."
The great big potatoes will be espc
ially selected from a pile of heavy
weights grown in Washington.
When the candidate reache Seattle
he will be presented with a 100 pound
fruit enke. It will have a sugar vine
covered pillar tit each corner flying an
American ting, and a big sugar eugie in
the center, with an electric illuminate!
flag in its talons.
Ohio Has Selected
Candidates for Office
Columbus, Ohio, Aug. 9. Governor
Frank II. Willis, republican and former
Governor James M. Cox, democrnt.
were nominnted over their opponents
by a big majority in the Ohio stute
wide primaries yesterday, according to
almost complete returns received to
In the republican race for United
States senator, Myron T. Herrick over
whelminglv defeated Harry M. Dough
ertv of Columbus. Senator Atlee
Pomerene was victorious in the demo
cratic senatorial fight.
A NEW ONE FOE HUGHES
Chicncro. Anir. 9 T. H.s famous greet
ing deelignteu' nas ueen suppiumeu
in tho popular fovori here by a new
one pulled yesU-rdny by Candidute
Charles K. Hughes.
"I'm glud to see you," was tne re
mark Hughes made as he met newcom
ers. Now nverynony saying it.
consider the employers' standing.
Representatives or tne employers
headed by Klrsha I-ef, chairmun of the
national conference ot tne railways
started nt once to find members of the
United States bourd of mediation and
conciliation and to present their request
for help to them personnlly. At the
close of the session today Mrs. I.ee said
that the employers would seek media
tion regardless of the decision of the
Mrs. Martin Says the Party
Is Out to Win Immediately
- a "Reform"
BUT HUGHES BID IS BEST
'ersonally She Favors Sup
porting Hughes and Fight
Colorado Springs, Colo., Aug. 9.
How to play their political cards and
whom to back with their half million
dollar campaign fund were issues de
bated by arrivals today for the Na
tional Woman's party conference open
ing here tomorrow.
In reply to a question concerning
support for the socialist and prohibi
tion candidates, who also aro pledged
for federal woman suffrago. Miss Anne
Martin, "chairman" of the Woman's
party, said . that she nevertheless fa
vored a straigntout campaign ror
Charles E. Hughes and against Presi
"It's a problem In practical politics
with which tho Woman's party is deal
ing," Miss Martin declared. "We are
a political party out to win immediate
ly a specific rerorm.
We appreciate the. support from so
cialists and prohibitionists but we can't
put off until the distant future tne
realization of our program. Therefore
we are considering only the perform
ance of the democratic party and the
pledges of the republicans.
"Mr. Hughes had pledged himself for
the federal suffrage amendment, Presi
dent Wilson's vote for suf trace. in xew
Jersey has no bearing on the national
situation,, wbicb is our only concern.
Tho president is opposed to national
Tho leaders of the Woman 'a ptrrty
refused to be quoted on the question of
contributing .to tho republican cam
paign or receiving aid Troin the repub
licans. However,-Miss Martin aaid:
"The Womans party holds Itself as
non-oartis,-n and separate from any
other organization. The G. O. P. has
not made us any proposition.'
TROUBLES AS A IE
Tells His Mother "His Habits
Are Changed and He Stays
in of Nights
Olnoy, 111., Aug. 0. Whatever his
wildness. Hoy Hintcrliter, held in the
county jail here charged with the al
leged' "air bubble" murder of Kliza
betii Itatelifte, was liked by the young
er clement of Hell .Texas and is re
ceiving its active sympathy in his
llinterliter "tooted" the baritone In
the Iterryvillc bund. This band is com
posed of eighteen of the young men of
the community, directed by a profes
Members of the band visit llinterlit
er frequently at tho jail.
Other visitors were Hoy's mother
and sister. Miss Myra llinterliter. Mrs,
llinterliter, still weak t.nJ inconso.urjiei
wept as she talked with her son
through the bars of his cell. Koy pnt
tcd his mother's shoulder as he suid,
with one eye winking to tho other oc
cupants of the jail corridor: I
"Don't cry mother. My habits are
improved. 1 have quit running around
altogether, especially at night."
Shy 100,000,000 Bushels
Winning, Man., Aug. 6. Manitoba,
Alberta and Saskatchewan will yield
a7fl.00O.UUO bushels of wheat this year,
compared weth 37'I,0(IU,000 bushels last
year, the Provincial liurcau of Crop
hstunates declared today.
This year's yield will be:
Alberta 85,000,000 bushels, Soskatch
ewsn 1 i.i.uoii.imu, ana .nnnuooa uu,
01)0,000 bushels. About one-fourth of
western Canadian wheat is shipped to
the United States.
FLOUR JUMP 8 20 CENTS.
Portland, Or., Aug. 9. Flour jumped
20 cents a barrel on the Portland
market todav selling for $3.80. A
further increase to 0 a barrel is ex
pected. Market experts said the pres
ent price of wheat justified the 0
rate, but will not be fixed uutil the
big mill agree ou It.
COMING BACK SAYS
Confidence In Carranza Grow
MINES AGAIN OPERATED,
1 GETTING ON GOLD BASIS
Presidential Election In Sight,
Outlook Better Than -In
By William O. Shepherd.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Ban Antonio, Texas, Aug. 9. Mexico
is coming back. -
Its not a dead rubber nation; it's got
a bounce in it. A summary of the nem
from the heart of Mexico, gathered dur
ing the post three. weeks along the har
der from Americans in coming from,
Mexico, shows beyond doubt that condi
tions are improving, confidence in Car
ranza is growing, the situation is gain
ing buoyancy, Carranza money is gain
ing in value and business is picking
up. ' "
J. P. French, head of the Mexican.
Sewer Pipe company, displayed a tele
gmni in bull AutuMO today from hi
Mev.c City office saying:
'Cni.i buck. Jliicns going weu.
Trains running regularly between her
Robert J. Phillippi, American Beau
of the Mexican ABphalt eompany, has
signed a contract for repairing pave
ments of the capital ana me worn
going on rapidly. He ifl finding dif
ficulty in getting enough labor. Trada
payments made to the company by the
government are. Tegular and .pa a gold
basis. - . . ,
r" Has Outlined Villa.'
Alameda Park, with its score of foun
tains, more beautiful than any in the
United Mates, la being kapt in tip top
shape. Paso De I.a Hefortna boulevard,
as beautiful as any in the world, is flow
ered, mowed and watered as usual. -Th
stores are all open. ,
On a gold basis, Amerwans. eat . at
the American club, paying tbe,quivl
ent of 13 cents a meal.
Laborers are receiving advanced
wages in every line, though prices an
not rising. ' ' '
"Mexico always stnrts , to . bounee
buck if you let her alone," said aa
"She's doing it aow." -
Punitive expeditions caught ' Mexico
as he was bouncing upward.
E. 8. Wetrup of Monterey, in a letter
"Tnore waa ieB oniiuunjr
dilation of oney but with news of th
raid a chill ran through business."
Villa raidB, however, with the puni
tive expeditious, have been outlived
and offtet. ,
With mines reopening; with unprece
dontial election in sight, the outlook for
Mexicans in Mexico is better than it
has been for several years.
CLOUDBURST KILLS MANY
Huntington, W. Va Aug. 9.
The Cabin Creek calley was
flooded by a cloudburst, accord
ing to reports reaching here this
Acme, W. Va., was wiped out
with possiblo heavy loss of life,
telephone messages said. Karly
estimates of losses were heavy,
liuilroud uud wire communica
tion in some sections was demor
alized. One report from near Acme
said that a score were drowned.
MILITIAMEN VISIT BEND
Tj..,t fire.. Auir. 9 Seventy mem
bers of the Western Pine Manufactur
ers' association, tho Western Box Manu
facturers' association anu tne imiw
nia White Pine Manufacturers' associa
tion opened the first meeting of tho
three organizations today. This after
noon they inspected saw mills near
Bend. Tomorrow they tour the timber
THE WEATHER :
westerly wind. -