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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (June 26, 1916)
.Editorial Page of "The Capit
MONDAY KV KM NO.
CHARLES H FISHER,
Editor and Manager.
PUBLISHED EVER V EVE NINO EXi'El'T SL'XDAV, SALEM, ORIiGOX, BV
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
IL l' IS UK 15.
IXiRA C. AXriRKSKX,
Sec. and Treas.
Daily by carrier, per year
Iiily by mail, per year ...
$"i.Du TVr month I.V
;!.UU l'cr month ;i."c
1TLL Li:.si: WIUK TELEORAl'll KKI'OKT
New York, Ward-Lewis-Williams Special Agency. Tribune liuilding
Chicago, W. II. Stocknol I, I'eople ' lias Huilding.
The Capital Journal carrier bo3 are instructed tn put tin' papers on the
porch. If tlu' carrier does nut il'n this, misses you, or neglects gettitng tin'
piper to you on time, kindly plume tho circulation manager, as this is the only
way wo can determine whether ur not the carriers are following instructions.
Thorn Main M before ":'!' o'clock and a pi'.per will be sent you by special
messenger if the carrier has missed voti.
WEAKNESSES OF DIRECT PRIMARY LAW
Oregon has made many changes in the last few years
in her political system, among these being the primary
nominating plan. That these changes have not proved
ail that they were expected to be is admitted by all. This
is especially true of the nominating system. It was set
up that the old convention plan opened the way for all
kinds of fraud and crookedness. This is in part true, but
it certainly did not open the way for all kinds of utter
silliness, as does the present primary system.
Under the old convention plan it was possible by log
rolling and sharp practice to nominate candidates who
were not really those the people would have preferred.
It made possible the handling of the party by a few, and
generally this few were not phenomenal patriots. It was
predicted that the primary plan would do away with this
and it has done so largely. It is doubtful though if what
it substitutes is any more preferable.
The recent primaries furnished a fine example of this
when the republicans of the state nominated for vice
president a man of whom perhaps not a hundred of them
had ever heard. This man was William Grant Webster,
of Chicago, Illinois. He had his name placed on the bal
lot, as we understand it, by paying the fee required by
law, instead of by circulating petitions, and the voters of
this state had not only nothing to do with it but as we
have said had never even heard of Mr. Webster. Mr.
Hughes, the candidate on the ticket with him, only got
his name on the ticket at the hands of the supreme court.
His name was familiar to most voters, and he was, judg
ing from the sentiment expressed before the primaries,
as well as after, the choice of a majority of the republican
voters. Yet when the vote was counted it showed that
the candidate Webster who had simply placed his name
on the ballot without the suggestion or request of any
Oregon voters, had received 58,070 votes for the vice
presidency as against o(,7(il received by the man the
republican voters . really wanted for president; Mr.
Could anything in the political line be sillier? Would
anything the convention could do be any more
Another phase of the matter is that the delegates are
bound to vote for the person selected by the people. The,
question is how long should they be compelled to cast then
votes as the people directed, and when should they be
allowed to act as their judgment dictated, and cast their
votes for someone else?
Suppose all the states had the direct primary and
should elect delegates to a national convention, that
would show in the aggregate no majority for any candi
date. In such-circumstances the delegates of some of the
states would have to vote contrary to their instructions,
or there could be no nomination. At what stage of the
proceedings should they be permitted to do this?
Under'the law as passed by the initiative the situation
was not as bad as it is since the legislature butted in and
arrogated to itself the right to change a law made by the
people, which act is at least of doubtful legality. It is a
case of the agent, the legislature, over-riding the instruc
tions of the principal, the people. It is doubtful at least
if thev can do this and make it stick. Many lawyers hold,'
lature allowing candidates to place their names on the
ballot by paying a fee instead of circulating petitions is
up before the supreme court now and will be decided in
the near future.
No one can say what the decision will be, but if it
should hold that the legislature had no right to alter a
law passed by the people it will leave quite a number of
nominations for the legislature, especially those in Mult
nomah county, vacant, as several had their names placed
on the ballot under this system.
COURT HOUSE NEWS
W. A. Taylor, receiver for the I'ratum J
Mercantile company, has tiled a report
showing total receipts to date at .f.'i.ii'.'L
74. Tavlor has apparentlc had a hard
time dodginy litigation us he has had
to employ counsel to reason with credit
osr. He asks that the court allow '
James (r. Heltzel and .T. A. ( arson
1 oil each for serviees in this connec
tion anil asks lon tor Ins own serv
tu r. ..:4.;: t 1 j. Ttr?i ht
WiejdUIUcUl tuueifees I re&iUeill VVllSOnS iUeXICan The countv court has allowed E. E.
policy, and points out what it thinks should have l)een j "in
done as the different problems of the situation arose. j f,"s'oT 'to' 'aisfy creditors. '''tiIo sale
Without discussing the Oregonian's position, it can safelv of p"1"11'1 property realized i,t $:u.3
l 1 i-L i. 1. 1 ii. i l . -, ' , .-.'and the total indebtedness amounts to
be said that had these ideas been carried out there would j 57.
have been plenty of others who would have criticised the' ...... ; , . .
.-i , " t . . . , . .... , , , I William II. ogcl, a merchant of In-
president tor so doing, just as he is criticised for what he inn ami Elizabeth b. Ryan, a teacher
have secured a marriage
nse and will be married at St. ,Fo
epli's church tomorrow.
all the people even part of the time, especially if part of
them are politicians and determined not to be pleased.
b;i5 rlnnp Vrm mnv fnnl nil thp nprmlo navf rf rVio timn oc f this city.
ti t . r - I i i ?i r . , I1"'
a. ILOIUIIII 1J1111.U111 Olllll, Ulll. II 10 ail lllipvjooiUllil. LO pledge
Alice E. Kennedy, now Alice E. Ben-
man, 111 a counter ntrnhivu tiled to-
day, contests the rij,ht of the circuit
court to transfer the cu.-tndy of a mill-
or child to Kenue.lv Ironi whom sir'
was delivered in 1!'U. Mrs. Ron in an
now resides in Butte, Mont: Mill, liU tilt'
chilil is with its jLjrn mini other. Mrs.
Sarah Welch, at Woo-llmm. Tlu moth
er declares that- the father has r'aiieil
ilimuny for th
since last Decern-
tor. (nines ut 1 ml n-t inents broiiL'lit
ainst Kenneth- in Washington county.
11 : I 1.-.:.. 1 1 r
f n 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 111 III IllllUlil-r, Hit' Klllllllllini iiv .iir.
It we are to have a great navy we might as well have the! Bemoan 's attorney to show that the
Senator Tillman suggests the building of a super
dreadnaught of nearly one thousand feet in length and to
cost $:!0,000,000. It would be about double the size of any
thing now afloat and would be able to carry guns that
would destroy an enemy s ship at such
their fire could not reach her. The range of her gunsli
would permit her to hit a vessel as far as it could be seen
a distance that!1','." 11,0 r? " """""
best on earth is Tillman's idea, and he is correct.
person to have
The days are growing shorter but so far Summer can
not be said to have arrived. It has been, with the excep
tion of a few days, unusually cold and with more than the
usual amount of rain. This is perhaps good for most
crops, and they should be above the average. However
as they are about all now made, a short period of warmer
weather, would be appreciated by everybody.
1 father is not a proper
the tare or tho child.
I This afternoon Harold K. Richard, of
; l.innton, an employe of the Standard
jOil company, secured a license to marry
' Sarah A. Calliiiu. of 1his eitv. Each is
20 vears old.
Colonel Roosevelt practically admits that he has been
whipped into complete submission in his letter to the
Progressive national committee and declares that he will
support Hughes for president. The letter lacks the fire
and spirit of the usual Roosevelt utterance the message
of capitulation is that of a broken, defeated man.
Company M of Salem was the first to be mustered in,
in the United States. This is something Oregon's capital
city is properly proud of. As usual Oregon leads, and the
nation this time, takes off its hat to her. Not only was
M Company first to muster but it was up to full war
strength. Salem went down to visit it yesterday.
In every state the same scenes are being enacted as
here in Oregon. The militia is being gathered ready for
sending to the front, and busy hands are doing the many
things that loving hearts suggest to mitigate the hard
ships the boys must face. It is the "touch of nature" that
makes the whole nation, akin.
HOT DEBATE OVER
I TODAY'S BALL SCORES !
Reed and Hitchcock Make
Hot Fight to Force Bill
K. If. E.
j Philadelphia S 14 0
Boston 5 0 "
! Wyclvolf. Slieehan, Meyers, Shore
! mid St hany: Foster, llreiitf, Jones, I'en
i uo-k ami Cnrrionn, Thomas,
The action of the state against Al
Whiteman, concerninr; cattle runuiii'.' at
larj;e and brought as a criminal action,
has been dismissed.
The Southern Pacific company has-replied
to an amended complaint filed by
Blanch Morgan to recover damages be
cause of the dentil of her husband last
year when hi wnunn was struck by a
S. P. train on the Silverton road, the
first case was tried in the L". S. dis
trict court and resulted in a verdict for
the railroad. The second complaint asks
M.-ion damages aim the company con
tends that the result in the .first action
is a bar to further suits.
Heyajbs Initiative r
..,... ,iiu 1
r Then1 ir 1
A Saving's Account at
UNITED S TATES NATIONAL BANK
Member Federal Reserve Banks,
The average tax levy in 22 out of 12"
school districts ot the county just
filed with Countv Assessor' West
iiniounts to .20
mills. t.evies run
ot a mill to 10 1-2
Time Not Yet Ripe
To Offer Mediation
Wnidiinjjtnn. .lune I'll. Possibility
, id "war within a few hours." was the
j warning given the senale by Keed-of
i .Missouri today in urging all haste in
aiding militiamen and llo'r families.
b'eed made his warning during a de
bate on the action of the measure in
the house militia draft, which would
giant payment of .."H a month to fam
ilies id' militiamen.
Ll llilchcocu CVclirasLMl s led ll...
that a law n aced on the statute books bv initiative is, so f'ghi by the dause substituted
far as the legislature is concerned, the same as a con
It would seem that this should be so if it isn't, for it
places the legislature above the people who elect them,
if it can change or repeal a law the people have passed
It is evident from the experience we have had with
the direct primary and some other of our new ideas some-
limes called "freak laws, that they will have to be either, of
amended or done away with. If something cannot be
done to avoid such utter silliness as me nominating on a;ihe front, u
man whom we never heard of. simply because he saw j Sin;il!.,t,(';iiu was Wllv
fit to nlace his name on the ballot, tnen we nau better go, when he deii.ned heatedly
back to the old convention system or hnd some other
way than what we have.
The matter of the amendment passed by the last legis-
I hicago .
St. I. onis
CovalcKi and linker
and Schalti; l'.eebe
Washington, June 2u Mediation is
not acceptable to the United States at
this time. Bolivian Minister Calderon
was given to understand by Secretary
Lansing this afternoon.
Minister Calderon was not Accom
panied by another South or Central
American diplomat when he met Lans
ing hy appointment, to tender inform
ally the good otfices of his givern
ment to prevent war between the
United States and Mexico. Others had
not. received direct authorization from
their home governments.
It is understood Lansing told him
the department was waiting for a reply
to this government's demands from
Following thp conference, (alderon
said he did not consider the time ripe
for a formal offer of mediation. How
ever, he said, he will watch for an on-
i port unity to present such a suggestion
i i to Lansing. He has standinw instruc--jtions
from his government to that ef-"'"'ifect.
1 !' 1
R. 11. E.
-...11 17 1
S in 0
MathewMiii and Har-
THE FLAVOR OF
Mails, (mii i til and .Mr-
j by the committee exempting manic. I,
men from service tor the house clause
providing payment to dependents of
militiamen. Once during an eloiiientj
appeal by b'eed. Senator James, who;
was presiding, threatened lo clear the!
galleries if there was any more np-i First
plaii.-f. I Boston
"ll i" as mm h the dulv of a married ! I'hilaiteliihia
Second game: Ii.
New York 1
Benton, 1'erritt and Hariden
ipiard and Miller (12 iuningsi.
A Chew That Has Been Famous far
a Third of a Century
The lad who'd prosper well, and rise, to work will
blithely walk, and toil with vim, nor keep his eyes forever
on the clock. "The Boss's interests are mine," he to him
self will say; but the worthless swab loaf 3
on the job, when the Boss has gone away.
The youth who'd reach a higher place, his
duties does not shirk; the cheerful smile
upon his face shows that he likes his work
in earning trust and confidence he takes a
keen delight; but the worthless oaf begins
to loaf, when the Boss is out of sight. The
chap who gets the good fat check when his
- weeks work is through, is he who always
, is on deck, when there is work to do, who
toils as bravely when alone as when the
Boss is near; but the worthless runt neglects his stunt,
should the Old Man disappear.
FMwr home atmosphere with exquisite lasting fragrance
ED. PINAUD'S LILAC
The great French perfume, winner of highest international
awards. Each drop as sweet and fragrant as the living Lilac
blossom. A celebrated connoisseur said : "I don't see how
you can sell such a remarkable perfume for 75 cents a bottle" and
remember each bottle contains fl oz. it is wonderful value Try it.
Ask your dealer today for ED. PINAUD'S LILAC, fior 10 cttti
our American offices will send you a testing bottle. Write today.
PARFiMEIE ED. PKAUD, Dept M ED. PDiAUD Bldt. New York
" """" " .....,... MM ) , - HJ
tal.e cure ot' liis
not morel v fr tin
said Hitelicoek, 'Mo
And it is tile duty
tin' ne ernuieiit, to
dependents. This is
Rood of the men at
fur the Rood of lid
h. k i HAS THE RICH RED BURIEY TASTE
Hughes mid Oowdv; Kixev.
hjjer nnd Killifer, Burn
1 hese men are
and vet the penple
lie first to serve,
nnd tax pavers,
Second game: K. H.
Huston i n
Philadelphia 5 7
liiiKou. Noht', llujjhes, Barnes nnd
I'lau'iessur. IKnvdy: M aver. .Mcquillan
and Hul'as III inninj;s1. '
hesitate to en re for their grounds.
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Transact a General Banking Business
Safety Deposit Boxes
safe nt ho
lie said to exempt nil married men
would denioralie our forces In' elim
inating trained men to !e replaced
with untrained men.
"If we liave to call Imt odO.OOO
volunteers," interrupted Overman
(North Cnrolinn). "would you want
also to pay their dependents'?'
"Thai's a bridge to l.e crossed when
reached," retorted Hitchcock,
Works of California, declared til
ovstein nil wrong. The
St. Louis ....
nnd Wingo ( 1 1
E. H. E.i
4 S 4
5 13 4 ,
V hulz, Dnle i
' eontemtdated no such service when
they enlisted," lie said. He argued
for a general draft.
"This is no time fur caviling over
terms." said lfeod. "War may lie do-,
eliire,! with in a few hours. We must
I protect the border. The duty is on all.:
not merely the guardsmen. Merely be-i
cause the guardsmen jvrepiire them
selves to fight, shall we pile all the
burdens of w ar on them ?
"Many have torn the arms of wives
guardsmen ' and children from their neck to Vave
for the front, yet here we haggle overj
I their families. I put it on the eon- j
i science of nil of you. Shall one class
, make all the sacrifice and w make
Try Capital Journal Want Ads.
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the only form of tobacco in which you
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A chew of Spear Head plug tobacco
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Spear Head has betrii famous for a i
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It's made of sun-ripened, red Bur
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It is safeguarded at every step in its
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itarythe processes are pure-food pro
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Spear Head is the high quality
chew of the world.
Try Spear Head you'll never
gain be satisfied with any other
chew. In 10c cuts, wrapped in wax
There Is No Better
Always Watch; This Ad Changes Often
t MM Mf
Strictly correct weight, iqoare deal and Kigkeat price for 11 klidj ol
Junk, metal, rubber, bidet and fur. I pay 2 per pound for eld ngi.
Big Btock ot all aizei tecond hand iaenbators. All kind cornigte4
iron for both rooft and building. Hoofing paper aad teeoad aaad
H. Steinback Junk Co.
The Honaa of Half a Million Barfalaa,
802 North Commercial It pi0Bt iS