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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (May 3, 1916)
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OVER 4000 DAILY
P! f t; llif fiW'f
nnip rmvrk riTXTTK! 'ON TRAINS AND NEW9
PRICE TWO CENTS ptandvS-five cunts
SALEM, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1916
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Since Saturday No 5. Vessel
Has Been Torpedoed by
SUNDAY IS ANNIVERSARY
' OF LUSITANIA'S SINKING
Holland Say Reply Does Not
By Robert J. Bender.
(United Proas staff correspondents
Washington, May 3. Hope of defin
itely disposing of the submarine is
mie before Sunday, the anniversary o'
the Lusitnnia horror, waned today when
mio'fficinl dispatches from Berlin said
that the reply to the American subma
rine demands was not ready.
fa order to reach Washington by Sat
urday, the note should be cabled tomor
rav night. While this is possible it is
regarded as rather improbable.
It seems certain that when the note
is cabled it will have the approval of
nil Clermans, from the kaiser to
j'oople's representatives in the roich
rt:g. There is no disposition yet, of
ficials say, to set a time limit for t'
jinsrt'or. As long as Germany is obvious
ly seeking to solve the difficulty if is
nut. likely that America will complain.
Pending the reply, .-ulimarines have
refrained from their "present meth
ods" against commerce. This interpre
tation is placed on the cessation of at
tacks. It is believed that orders were
went to submarine commanders immedi
ately upon receipt of the Wilson note.
There has been a noticeable 'decrease in
the number of flttneks.' SSinee Saturday,
not a single vessel i.ns been reported
Chancellor to Review It.
Berlin. May 3. Imperial Chancellor
Von Bcthmniin-Hollwog. whose return
from the kaiser's fieid headquarters i--expected
shortly, will say the final
word on the German reply to the Amer
ican demand for a change in Teuton
Miibinnrino methods, it was learned to
day. The note will be put into diplo
Foreign Minister Von .Tagow told the
Toichstag budget committee yesterday
that the communication could not 1"'
regarded as completed, indicating that
alterations mav be made in it.
May Not Meet Demands.
London. May 3. Dispatches 'from
Kngland correspondents in Holland to
dav agree that Germany's rep'.v will
'lot meet the American submarine de
tnmds. As they forecast it. the note
will make concessions for the purpose
f getting a delnv nnd it will throw
upon President Wilson the responsibil
ity for o brenk. It will, the correspon
dents predict, be argumentative and
Asserts Bandit's Wounds
Make Condition Serious
By H. D. Jacobs
I'rovidencia. Mexico, April 2!. (Py
courier). Whether Francisco Villa is
load or alive, he is through as a ban
dit. This is the belief of Americans and
'nrrnnzistas expressed here today. The
Lauds that he commanded are scattered
Plain soot mixed with jet enough
torieutine t' make it pasty is an ex-
client moustache dye. A pinch o'
floor wax '11 add lustre. Some fellers'
idi a o' bcin' a sport is smukin' a nickel
cij-ar in a cafe.
Lansing, Mich., May 3.
Conditional endorsement of
Justice Hughes for presiderit
wns in prospect hero today
when Michigan republican is-
seinbled in their stl'e eonven-
tion. The movement sprang up
NO ACTION ON BRANDEIS
Washington, May 3. The senate
judiciary committee today postponed
action on the nomination of Louis D.
Brandeis as nssociate justice of the Uui-J
ted States supreme court.
MAY PROVE IIS CASE
Washington Slander Suit
Causes His Letters To Be
Taconia, Wash., May 3. Reading
from historical works taken from the
public library, Attorney Pendleton em
bodied in his Argument before file jury
which is hearing the case of Paul R.
ITaffer, charged with libeling George
Washington, the statements of authors
upon which the young socialist says he
based his allegations that the first pres
ident of the United States exploited
slaves and that he was a profane and
blasphemous man and an invorate
The quotations stated that Washing
ton drank several glasses of Madeira
and a pint of beer daily over a period
of 25 years, that he had a distillery in
his own yard and carried a liquor chest
throughout the revolutionary war. A
letter said to have been written by the
great soldier to a sea captain,' directing
him to take a negro slave to tho West
Indies and trade him for a hogshaed of
rum, some limes and the balance in
goou oiu spirits was lnciinicd.
Thomas Jefferson was quoted as record
ing Washington using profanity at u
cabinet meeting, and other references
spoke of his use of profane language.
Tho defense closed this afternoon
and tho case is expected to go to tho
jury late today.
and demoralized and his prestige has
been dimmed by successive defeats.
The wreck of Villa's fortunes hus put
a quietus cm bandistry in northern
Mexico, in the opinion of military men.
They believe the Carranzistas will be
able hereafter to control northern Mex
ico. Their forces a ample to cope
with the remaining outlaws and to po
lice the country adequately.
Carranzista leaders now hope to gath
er the remnants of General Cervantes'
bands and enroll them under the stand
ard of the "first chief" thus remov
ing another obstacle to the peace of
At last reKrt Villa was in a seri
ous condition, according to Figueo
Saens, his sweetheart, of Gnerrero.
She told Colonel Dodd at Guerrero that
Villa was brought into the villige in
a carriage after the battle of Guerrero
last month with head bandaged. All
but the girl and Dr. Stell, an American,
were ordered away from his side. The
bandit would not even allow Dr. Stell
to treu iiim, taking a roll of bandages
from the American surgeon's hand, ap
parently intending to treat himself,
The Saenz girl told Colonel Dodd
that she saw a wound in Villa's head
ai.d another in his hip. She said Dr.
Stell mentioned a third wound in the
bandit's leg. Villa spent a fortnight
jt Guerrero, she said and then went
THE DAY'SWAR NEWS
Berlin, May 3. (Jly wireless via Say
vilie, L. l.j ilieporrV tit Bulgaria
and Turkey are negotiating for peace
i with the entente allies are untrue, the
Bulgarian official news agency declares
! today. The Geneva newspaper La
Suisse circulated the re-iort.
Rioting in Berlin
London, May 3.Twenty five persons'
were killed and "00 injured in May;
day riots in Berlin, according to a
central news dispatch from Geneva,
tod.iy. The message asserted that
three women were killed and "U wound-j
ed at Leipsic. It said that women pil
laged shops there. I
According to the correspondent,'
mobs assembled at Potsilaiumer Place j
in lierlin and loudly cheered speakers
demanding peace. There were similar;
disturbances reported at Munich, Kiel
German Socialists Arrested
Berlin, Miv 3. (Bv wireless via
Tuckerton) Karl Liebknecht, the so
cialist and eight other persous were
arrested for making a demonstration
May 1, it was announced today.
The authorities at The Dalles are
perfecting plans for conducting the
"dip" otherwise the free mnnicipil
bathing place, for the summer. A
board of control six men and four
women will have full charge.
Bad teeth and bad tonsils may b the'
cause of rheumatism. I
Gives Use of Mexican North
western Railway for Han
EACH GOVERNMENT MUST
RATIFY THE AGREEMENT
Americans To Patrol North
While Mexicans Chase
Bandits In South
By E. T. Coukle.
(I'uitcd Press staff correspondent.)
El Puso, Texas, May 3. American
troops are to remain in Mexico without
interference from Carranzistas, accord
ing to an agreement reached by War
Minister Alvaro Obregon and General
Hugh Scott, chief of staff of the Uni
ted states army, after a conference last
ing 13 hours.
The agreement wim reached at Wiid
night. Obiegijn mud Scott emerged
smiling from the room, refusing to in
dicate the outcome. In a statement is
sued earlier in the evening both said
that "Negotiations in progress would
probably result in satisfaction to ail
General Fred Fuuston was eliminated
from the conference. This was obvious,
although no official objection to his
presence was given. Funston strolled
about the lobby during the meeting,
and this pointed to an indication that
the negotiations haa been robbed of
their military aspect. Funston was re
ported to have clashed with Obregon
during the first conference.
May Use Railroads.
Obregon granted permission for the
expedition o have full use of the Mexi
can Northwestern railway and prom
ised to cooperate ns 'fully as is pos
sible with General Pershing and his
forces, it wns stated reliably. In re
turn, Scott is unofficially reported to
have set a CO day limit on the presence
of American troops in Chihuahua.
Scott's concessions are not definitely
known, however, and it is believed the
war department will shortly give out
the program agreed upon.
The conclusions of the conferees will
not be effective, however, until they
are ratified by the Mexican and the
United States governments.
Emerging from the conference, Scott
went to his private enr and dispatched
a long telegraphic report to Washing
ton by special wire. Whether there
will be additional conferences is not
definitely known but both war lMid.rs
are expected to remain on the birder
for some time. Scott indicated tlmt the
attitude of Washington wnld decide
whether another niptariu' wnilj be
necessary. Obregon wns silent.
Some Mexican Hot Air.
An indication that the conference
was reaching an amicable :id,mstme:it
was seen early when Obvg.m came
from the meeting. When Obregon re
turned to the conference roon, Ad'dph
De La Huerta dictated the following
message to Carranza.
"Information in negotiations now in
progress will terminate complete satis
faction nil concerned."
President McQuatters of the Mexican
mine owners association, arranged the
last conference. He is head of a com
pany owning large mines in Parral,
which were looted recently. McQuatters
invited Obregon and Scott to luncheon
at the Del Norte hotel, ostensibly to
discuss the tendency of Mexicans to
blame the de facto government for lack
of employment. Obregon came openly,
Obregon impressed Americans here as
being the strongest Mexican ever seen
on the border.
Will Make Rush Campaign.
By Carl D. Croat.
Washington, Muy 3. An early termi
nation of the campaign in Mexico is
whnr the Srott-Obregon agreement
means, in the 'lCw of authorities here
today. Ilninpeicd heretofore by the
necessity of maintaining strong com
munication lines in almost parallel
rows, General Pershing has not had the
free rein desired. The UBe of the Mex
ican Northwestern railroad, granted by
War Minister Obregon, means that it
will be utilized by troops in trailing
Villistas. The only thing remaining is
Carranza 's o. k. This, it is believed,
will be given.
The agreement for an established
baHe at Oolouia Dublun means that the
present base will be moved northward
eight miles. In effect, this agreement
is what General Scott's original or
Americans will patrol northern Mex
ico while Carranzistas chase the Vil
listas southward. A short, qiitcK clean
up is in prospect. When Funston feels
that the scourge of border raids is
eliminated, the American troops can be
The way may be clear for the state
department to "treat" with Mexican
envovs on the subject of the withdraw
al of troops, nnlims Carranza unexpect
edly thwarts whst Scott and Obregon
Pacific Mail Will
Increase Its Capital
Now York, May 3. A special meet
ing of Pacific Mail Steamship com
panp stockholders to approve an in
crease of capital stock from $1,000,000
to $4,000,000 was called today for May
1(1. Tho Pacific Mail was receutly Ac
quired by the American International
Corporation from the Southern Pacific
The new money provided will poy
for the Venezuela, the Ecuador and
the Columbia, steamers just purchased.
The year ending February, 1916, show
ed a total euuing of $1,004,930, a pro
fit of $371,403.
P. K Pearze, James Connolly
and One Unknown Faced
London, May 3. Announcement that
P. II. Pearze, James Connolly and one
other Irish rebel leader had been ex
ecuted was made by Premier Asquith in
the house of commons today just a mo
ment after the resignation of Augustine
Bixrell, chief secretary for Ireland, had
been mada public.
Asquith stated that the three men
shot to death by a firing squad had
signed the proclamation announcing the
establishment of uu Irish republic. This
statement eliminated the possibility of
Sir Roger Casement being the third man
killed, as his name was not attached to
They were the first rebels whose ex
ecution was publicly announced. All
Irish prisoners have been remoyed from
Dublin. Three hundred, including sev
eral leaders, were brought to England
today. The remainder were tuken to
Beltast under h-ei. y guard.
The swiftness of tho government's
action was a surprise. There had been
no previous announcement of a court
martial. Birrell's resignation was ex
pected. Ho was forced from the cabinet
by a heavy fire from the newspapers
It is understood that the resignations
of General Friend and Under Secretary
Nathan will follow. All rebels are be
ing tried with great rapidity. It is be
lieved that the rebels who fought in
tho ranks will be leniently treated.
No official information was obtain
able as to the course the government
may take with regard to Irish rebel
prisoners wtio have been brought to
Knglund for trial. It was pointed out
that in the Boer revolt and the recent
indian mutinies only the lenders were
executed. Those in the ranks were len
neutly dealt with.
It was intimated that the third rebel
executed signed the proclamation of an
Irish republic. Following are those who
signed that document besides Connolly
Thomas J. Clarke, Sean MncDiarmad.
Thomas McDouough, Lnmon Coaunt and
Other signers of the Irish republic
proclamation were sentenced to three
Pearze was a highly educated man,
head master of a boys' school in Dub
lin at the time of the outbreak. He
led the assault on the postof fice whict
resulted in its capture. On Thursday of
last week he was wounded in the leg
and surrendered unconditionally, l.ntei
he issued a proclamation calling for his
followers to drop their arms.
Connolly was also wounded. His name
was found signed to a number of pass
ports discovered on prisoners, with the
title, "Commander of the Army of the
Swiss System of Military
By William O. Shepherd
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Borne, Mav 3. A little blue book,
Mr. American, with vour name and
Jour photograph and a score of facts
about, your lite written in it, wtncli
you would carry, in your pocket all the
t'me, would.be the token of the up
heave! in American life which woujd
he caused by the introduction of the
Swiss military svstem, in its entirety,
in the United Slates.
'Here's mv book said Luigi t or-
ti, a storekeeper of Chiasso, who used
to live in Texas. "Kvery Swiss miwt
carry his book with him. When 1 go
to the bank I take it. When I go to
strange Swisi city I'm asked for it.
I show it when I register at the hotel,
when I draw money, when I send a
teP'-gram. my hook snows now muci
military seryice I've done. If I neg
lected my duty my book will show it."
"Do you think Americans would
like to have to carry books like that?''
"Not the kind of Americana I used
to know in Texan twenty-years ago,
Americans don 't like their government
to interfere with thei." said Luigi.
Luigi was in the Americtn army
during, tho Spanish-American war.
Investigator Says Income Tax
Should Yield $400,000,000
BUT IT PRODUCES ONLY
This Sum Represents the
Earnings of 600,000
Laborers for One Year
Washington, May 3. Secretary Mc
Adoo is directed to furnish congress
with a statement showing whether
$320,000,000 is being annually with
held from the treasury by income tax
frauds and evasions, in a resolution
offered ii. the house today by Repre
sentative Keating, of Colorado. Mc
Adoo is asked why he has not recom
mended to the president that all income
tax returns be made public in order
that, fraud may be checked. Keating
said he based his resolution on tho
chnrges made by Basil M. Manly, chief
investigator of the industrial relations
Manly, in a published statement, de
clared that more than $400,000,000
should be received annually instead of
the $S0,000,000 actually collected. The
resolution asked whether:
Fifteen billion dollars was paid in
wages and salaries during 19.14, $500,
000,000 being paid to them receiving
$3,000 a year or more; whether more
than $300,000,000 yearly above the
$3,000 exemption is received as income
from fees; whether $20,000,000 is re
ceived as income from ownership of
property and the conduct of business
above the $3,000 exemption; whether in
comes received by persons subject to
income tax total $20,80(1,000 and wheth
er, with all proper deductions, tho
figure should be $12,o00,000.
In introducing his resolution, Keat
ing said: "You may discount Manly 'e
charges HO per cent and still have a
sum which makes all other fraunds
perpetrated seem insignificant. Three
hundred nnd twenty million dollars rep
resents the income of 000,000 working
men who have labored every day in the
year. The nation's pension rolls are
enormous, but the sum which Manly
says the millionaires of this country
steal yearly could pay it twice over."
TWO BADLY INJURED
IN RUNAWAY ACCIDENT
(Capital Journal Special Service.)
Dallas, Ore., May 3. Mr. and Mrs.
II. R. Kckort and Miss Bertha Brandon
berg, a seven-year-old child, were se
riously injured in a runaway last .Sun
day morning on the Salt creek road
about six utiles from this city wben
their horse becoming frightened at a
passing motorcycle going at a high
rato of speed became unmanageable and
ran away, throwing the occupants of
tho buggy out to the side of the road.
Mr. Kckert was rendered unconscious
aud remainde so far several hours after
the accident, an examination by a phy
sician discovering that he had a couple
of ribs broken. Little Miss Brnndcn
berg had several bones in the back of
her head fractured and she was
brought to the Dallas hospital where
she is resting easily. The occupants
of the motorcycle went on after the
accident without offering any assist
ance to the injured people and an effort
is now being made uy the officers to
locate the parties.
For Its Citizens
"This little book," he explained,
"is issued by the federal government.
Down in Texas the folks got along al-j
right with the mayor and the police-!
men anil tne sneritr, nut me minute
you suid 'United States marshal' they
pricked up their caxs.
"American folks don't like to be
governed by Washington."
Luigi Corti had his Texas folks
right. He had a lot of other Ameri
cans right, too. This little blue book
would mean that you were tabbed and
listed by the federal government.
Some yearn ago this would have
sounded more un-American than it does
today, because in reality you are now
tabbel and listed on the feder.il in
come rolls. But this little book of
military service and citizenship would!
keep you in your niche, right under the
eve of the federal military authorities,
all the time.
If you left Chicago to live in Cleve
land you would be forced to have your
military book vised by the military
eommamler of the city you were leav
ing ami signed by the commander in
the city to which you moved.
(Continued on Page Seven.)
Lansing, Mich., May 3.
Michigan republicans assembled
in state convention here today
"conditionally" endorsed Jus-
tico Hughes for tho presidency
by a unanimous vote.
FOR COMPULSORY SERVICE
London, May 3. Premier Asquith to
day introduced in the house of commons
tho government's bill providing for
general compulsory military service.
The bill will be effective ono month
after its passage. It authorizes a call
for all males eligible, but provides for
the establishment ot un army reserve
for industrial work.
45,000 Munition Workers Out
Labor Riots Raging at
Pittsburg, Pa., May 3. Forty-fivo
thousand munition workers are on strike
hero today. The First cavalry reached
tho scene of yesterday's riot at 9 a. m.
At tho same time several thousand em
ployes of the Press Steel Car plant at
McKees Rocks struck. A general walk
out of 12,000 there before night is in
prospect, unless the management closes
its plant before that time. Martial
law has not been declared, but it is
virtually in effect.
Before nightfall several more troops
of cavalry aro due. They are under
command of Colonel John Wood of
Philadelphia. The Eighth infantry is
prepared, and expects orders to go to
Swissvalo or Biaddock. Tho Tenth in
fantry is looking for orders to move
into the Btrike zone tonight or tomor
row. Militia now available, totals 2,000
men. Strike leaders are preaching
peace. The first bulletin posted by
"Brothors, if you don't inteud to do
peaceful picketing, stay at home,"
At noon large bodies of strikers,
mostly foreigners, were moving toward
Draddock. Troops were reported to be
preparing counter moves.
Militia to Quell Riots,
.Pittsburg, Pa., May 3. Hundreds of
linvn Keen rushed to Turtle
Creek valley where serious labor riots
are raging today, me nrsi ui nncii
.1.. . .. . ,1... ,l!utnrlinnfina nru.a RDV.
1110 M'l-IIO UI liio wi.il ui .'" . " ....... ,
eral companies of thp Eighteenth in
fantry, tne first I'enns.vivaitia cnvairy
f.nmirurrianirp. Kheiidan troop from
Tyrono and troops 1 and II of Pitts
burg. Tho soldiers were oniereu out oy
Governor Brumbaugh last night. With
in an hour of the time his command was
issued, several companies were ready.
May Settle This One.
Long Bench. Cnl., May 3 A settle
ment of the ship builders striko was
predicted within a week by labor lead
ers here today.
i-nnient submarines of the
new U-boat type are in course of con
struction at the California shipbuild
ers vards here, where work has been
suspended through the strike. Three
hundred and thirty two men aro out.
Paper Mill Men Strike.
Camas, Wash., May 3. Eighty em
ployes of the finishing room of the
Crown-Wiliuiiotte Pulp and Pnper
company were on strike here today for
an increase in wages from $2 to $2.50
a day. Their strike may force the
closing of the mill, which would throw
nearly 500 men out 'of employment.
Soma Stocks Advance
But Market Sluggish
New York. May 3 The New York
Evening Sun's financial review today
Stocks again were dominated by un
certainties in the international situa
tions nnd moved irregularly following
a halting opening, distinguished by a
sharp advance in Mexican petroleum
ond American smelting, a reflection of
a somewhat better aspect of affairs in
tvi..n Pricen were eenerallv improved.
But tho betterment was confined to
specialties ami did not proeeed far ex
cept in the cose of industrial alcohol,
distillers securities and tr few issues of
War stocks were inclined to heaviness
and stnndnrd railways and lending in
dustrials were largely neglected, dis
closing no remaining traces of recent
professional bidding up.
After the first hour nnd a half the
market lapsed into dullness which wns
accentuated in the aifrnoon, probably
duo to the announcement that Germany
tin.l af Iim drufted n rerdv to he Amer-
nn ntimntiim nnd nartlv ns an outcome
to the further extension .of labor diffi
culties at Pittsburg and in tlie Youngs
town district. Of the forhcoming ans
wer, it was stntcd that Germany will
make its position clear in such precise
and definite terms as to ndmit of no
doubt regnjding her exact position with
reference to the use of submarines.
A little couch is frequently the warn
ing signal of tulerculoBij. '.v.iil .
liE IW 1 Ifl
Vote Considerably More Thaa
Ha!f Counted, Not Favor
able to Teddy
SAN DIEGO COUNTY 3 TO 1
Southern Counties Strong for
G. 0. P. Only 50 Per Cent
of Vote Cast
San Francisco, May 3. Regular re
publicans were victorious in the presi
dential preference primary election lu
California, according to incomplete re
turns from all parts of the state thi
The united republicans, who had the
support of Governor Johnson and who.
were ready to co-operate wuo. tne pro
gressives i" nominating a "forward
looking candidate" won in a number of
A good part of the regular G. O. P.
factions gains were made in southern
California. In San Diego eounty they
came out ahead by three to one. Los.
Angeles county regulars uluimeu a lead
of one and one-half to one. Orange
county, it was .vshmnted, gave the
winners a two to one plurality.
Around the bny district tho regulars
also scored heavily. Contra Gosta Rave
them 1,077 to tho "uniteds" 3l in 4S
out of R2 precincts.
In Ban Francisco city and county the
regulurs had a majority of (rm 5,000
to 6,000, Recording to tho ar;nn)pce
ment of Registrar Zcmansky. F. V.
Keesling. tho G. (). 1,. manager cl.umeil
the state by between 40,000 and WilKi.
In many instances the progres-ive
and democratic votes were nt countc!
until the republican ball 's hud been
disposed of, as there wns no contest in
tho other two parties. The democrats
were pledged to Witson ana tti. pro
gressives were not pledged.
Ran Francisco, May 3. Basin; his.
statement on returns from mio than
half tho precincts of the state, t'ran-
cis V. Koesling, ennlrman Of mo re
publican stnte central committee., claim
ed today that tho regular G. O. V. d. le
gates to tho Chicago convention hml
been elected over the un:tod repul li-
can candidates by a plurality of mr
A good democratis voto was r st, In t
there was little excitement in thU par
ty's flection ns all cnndidites
pledged to President Wilson, i n pro
gressive voto was rather smull us them
wns no contest.
Women did not go to the polls in
large numbers in San Francisco. In this
city, according to Registrar Zcmansky,
a total vote of nbout 00,000 was cast
oul of a registration of 118,900, This
fell short of estimates.
New York Central
Preparing for Strike
New York, May 3. One thousand
strikebreakers have lfeen herded her
for shipment along the New York Cen
trul and Nickel Plate railroads in an
ticipation of a strike, according to re
ports today. Agency advertisements)
cull for signal men, maintenance and
telegraphers. President Perham of th
telegraphers said that if tho demands
of telegraphers and signal men of the
New York (Vntrnl wer0 not met, a
stnho would bo called immediately.
Tho New York Central railroad ad
mitted today that it wus gathering anil
shipping strikebreakers in anticipation
of labor troubles. A. T. Hardin, presi
dent of tho operating department, said
officially that he did not believe the
threatened striko would interfere with
the train service. He declared the road
would not deal with telegraphers in the)
present organization wMri is linked up
with several other crafts. This makes
a strike practically certain.
Tieup of freight on the waterfront
continues, due to the failure to settle
the troubles with striking tugboat
engineers and bargemen.
night fair, light
frost east por
erly winds. .