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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 12, 1916)
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SALEM, OREGON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1916
ALL ES ALARMED 0"FR
GERMANY'S LAS1 10V
Austro-German Declaration That Armed Mercknen Will
Be Torpedoed Without Warning Raises Another Intri
' cate Diplomatic Question Allies Fear America May
Modify Her Views As To Shipment of Munitions-Will
Protest Claiming Act Is Unneutral
Washington, Feb. 12. With the possible arrival today
of the Austro-German notices of intent to torpedo armed
merchantmen without warning, the American govern
ment faced one of the most serious and intricate diplo
matic questions since the war started. Indications are
that Secretary of State Lansing will admit the soundness
of the foundation on which the Teutons have built their
contention that arming merchantmen makes the usual
visit and search impossible before attack by submarines.
Such agreement with the Teuton notes would be followed
by a warning to Americans not to travel on armed allied
Meanwhile allied diplomats are beginning to feel that
if the United States acquiesces in a change of rules con
cerning armament, while the war is in progress, it would
be only a short step to a change of view that would result
in placing an embargo on munitions traffic. The United
States has held such trade legal and neutral, but the
allies suggest that a modification of the submarine policy
may forecast a modification of the munitions policy, too.
A government official admitted today he is considering
the possibility that the allies ship lines would boycott
American goods billed for other ports than their own,
but he believes that such a boycott could be fought suc
cpssfullv. x ,
Ambassador Gerard at Berlin has already forwarded
a summary of the German notice, while Ambassador
Penfield cabled that he had received Austria's and was
London, Feb. 12. Tho allies will pro
tout to America if Secretary of State
I.n using accepts the new German policy
f attacking armed merchantmen with
out warning, it was learned on good
authority today. Their objection will
1e based on the fact tliat after the out
ltixinb nf iUa vot Ampi-ten nnnounced
she would permit merchantmen, arm"d :
TODAY IN RACE FAR
OFFICE J SHERIFF
Chief Deputy for Eight Years
Enters Race for Republi
Deputy Sheriff W. I. Needham, to-:
day filed his declaration of candidacy
"for the" Republican nomination for
county sheriff. Mr. Needhnm's plat- j
forni is "An efficient administration j
based upon experience." The experi-j
-nce menns that he has worked nearly
eight years as n deputy sheriff in I
Marion county. For four years he was
a deputy under Knernt nary .Minto
nnd for the past four years he has
I Ala Garth
Opportunity seems t' chum with
fume folks. Vol kin git rid o' most
tinvliiiildy by askin' where Mesopotam
for defensive purposes, to enter Amer
ican ports. A change tn this policy in
the midst of the war is regarded by the
allies as unneutral.
"There may be landslide in Novem
ber that will sweep away President
Wilson with his trimming policies."
said the Globe editorially today in dis
cussing the situation.
served as the chief deputy for Sheriff
During this time he has handled all
of the departments of the office and
has worked in the criminal department
as well as the clerical and under
Sheriff Esch had charge of the civil
work of the office. His efficiency in
nffio lms won him ft host of
friends among the taxpayers of the
county and lie is counted as morougni.v
callable to occupy the big office chair
without anv further apprenticeship.
Mr. Needham is the son of Tsaac C.
Needham and was born near Roseilalc
in this county where he has lived all of
his life and he says he expects to re
main here at least during his natural
lifetime. He is a tax payer and re
sides at 9(55 North Church street. So
far only one opponent for the republi
can nomination has entered the lists,
E. E. Cooper, the present constable,
having declared his candidacy.
Interned German Ships
Escape from Buenos Ayers
New York, Feb. 12. The reported
esc.ipe of tiie interned German merch
antman Bahrenfeld from Buenos Ayers
and the Turpin from Puntas Arenas
was chronicled in a Buenos Ayers
cable to the Evening Sun today.
"The commanders asked permission
to exercise the engines ami then dashed
to sea," said the story. "German
subjects are said to have provided the
vessels with enough coal for a long
"As far as the authorities know,
they may have joined the armed Ger
man merchantmen in the Atlantic
steamship lanes to the north."
TAHOMA IS SAVED
Portland, Or., Feb. 12. The
steamboat Tahoma, stuck in the
upper Columbia river ice since
January 2, was rescued today
by the steamer Georgie Flurton
and will reach Portland late
this afternoon. Since she was
frozen in the Tahoma mover
half a mile down stream with
the shifting ice.
Although her position has
been dangerous since yesterdav,
the Tahoma is und.imaged. The
captain, four deckhands and a
baby mule have lived comfort
ably aboard the stcambnnt for
more thnn x month. Food has
been tarried to them over the
Charter members of girls' rifle club in a Washington high school.
Even the school girls of Washington havj heard the preparedness slogan that has gone out from conpress
and they are preparing for war. This picture shows the charter members of a girls' rifle club formed at the West
ern high school, the first organization of its kind in Washington. Miss Helen Cummings, who stands in tha
center with her hands on the breech of her rifle, is the organizer and captain of the fair preparedness champions.
TWO CATTLE THIEVES
Mexicans Give Example of
Their Ability to Torture
El I'aso, Texas, Feb. 12. Two cattle
thieves will be dragged to the Juarez
cemetery today, while C'arranz.i auth
orities give them an object lesson from
the execution of Sergeant ftojas and
Civilian Sanchez, convicted of stealing
and selling ammunition.
The officials arranged that the
thieves siioud think th.t they, too,
were going to their death.
"They will not be informed that
they are not to be killed," said Con
sul Gavira, "until after a firing squad
has disposed of the two condemned
men. W'e planned this as an object les
son, so they will not steal any more
Gencr.il Villa is reported heading to
ward the Mormon colony at Casas
Grandes where 500 men, women and
children are, practically unprotected.
The rebel chief spent the night at La
Hacienda De La Candelari.i, 100 miles
southwest of Juarez, and there stole
horses and slaughtered cattle and loot
ed a provision house.
Meanwhile El l'aso Mormons are con
sidering bringing the other members
of their faith here.
Scireity of foodstuffs, and the de
preciation of Cnrranzista scrip is onus
ing some dissension among the Car
ranza garrisons of northern Mexico.
Willamette Is Stationary and
Will Fall, But Little Dam
age Was Done
Portland, Ore., Feb. 12. Five feet
higher than flood stage, the Willamette
river remained stationery today and the
government weather bureau promised
that it would stay that way until next
week. Unless a further sudden rise in
the Columbia river occurs the streets ot
Portland will not be flooded.
Beyond a few minor river accidents
and the flooding of several thousand
acres of farm land near Portland, lit
tle damage has been done by the flood
thus far. The water at Portland is at
the highcBt stage recorded for seven
No word had been heard early today
from the steamboat Tahoma, frozen in
the ice in the upp,f Columbia since
January 2. Yesterday'she was threat
ened bv the slowly moving ice and ef-
I forts were made to take off the five
men aboard. Tugs were unable to reach
her, but the deckhands said they were
in no immediate danger.
Hio De Jnnerio, Feb. 12.
Relations between Argentina
ami Bolivia are badly strained,
it is rumored, as a result of an
old boundary dispute. Both na
tions olf totally deny the report,
Argentina is reported impa
tient at Bolivia's failure to
complete her pnrt of the inter
GOT $250 TOE LETTER
New York, Feb. 12. Mnrjorie, Ster
rett received $2.10 for the letter she re
ceived lrom Theodore Hoosovelt the
other day. telling hr about his ancestors
SLOGAN OF WASHINGTON SCHOOL GIRLS
English Say We Keep Out of
the War la Order to
FRENCH MORE POLITE
SO ONLY INTMATE IT
Both However Are Determ
ined to Fight Until Vic
tory Is Achieved
Washington, Feb. 12. An idea that
Germany's animosity toward the Unit
ed States because of our munition sales
to the allies will inversely assure us
the lasting friendship of the allies is
erroneous in the opinion of two Amer
ican newspaper men who are in a posi
tion to know.
Ed L. Keen, general European man
ager of the United Press with head
quarters in London, and William Phillii
Simms, manager of the Paris bureau of
the United Press back in this country
on short vacations, met here today
prior to their return to Europe. Thej
outstanding idea in the mind of each
after a few days of contact with the
American viewpoint was the extent to
which Americans ar deceiving them
selves on two points, namely the feel
ing of the people of France and Eng
land toward America, and the possibili
ties of an early peace.
English Opinion of Us.
(By Ed. L. Keen.)
(General European managerof the Uni
It is evident thnt America misunder
stands England almost as much as Eng
land misunderstands America in this
An American returning from England
for the first time since the war started,
cannot fail to be amazed at the lack
of appreciation among his fellow coun
trymen of the determination of the al
lies ami particularly that of England
to push the war relentlessly to a vic
torious conclusion at any cost and any
sacrifice. It's like the surprise of the
first-time traveler to Europe when he
finds that the people of the allied coun
tries are not overflowing with grntitude
for the material support given by the
American munitions makers.
It may be a shock to som folks on
this side to learn how prevalent
throughout the allied countries and es
pecially in England is the idea that
the only reason we are keeping out of
the war is that we can make more mon
ey by not coming in. It is not merely
the anti-American newspapers that la
bel us "dollar chasers." In official
circles a more sympathetic view is tak
en, but the public at large is convinced
Uncle Sam is prepared to swallow "any
insult to his honor" rather than re
linquish this unprecedented opportunity
of lining his pockets with European
gold. They don 't hate us exactly. The
feeling ranges rather from pity to con
tempt, according to the individual.
Such misapprehension of America's
attitude finds its parallel here.
Is Fight to a Finish.
"Aren't the allies about ready to
quit?" "Do they really think they
have a chance to win!" These ques
tions are asked in all quarters here.
Rumors have spread broadcast that one
or more of the allies arc seeking a sep
arate pence; that any of them would
be willing to listen now to terms lens
(Continued on Page Five.)
Of Possible Presidential Can
didates That of Roosevelt
Seattle, Wash., Feb. 12. Fired by
the tremendous enthusiasm which
swept 1200 men and women at the Lin
coln Day b.mquet here last night, re
publicans are today confidently pre
dicting victory in liilO.
The banquet, the largest in the his
tory of political events here, was held
at the Hippodrome pavilion under tho
auspices of the Young Men's Kepubli
can. club, Jfevions to that, the state
(central comniittee ' met- aud selected
North Yakim.i as the place for the
tato convention, May sixth.
ji inree pusmuiuucs lor mu pic-m-dential
nomination, mentioned by Pres
ident Wiley, of the club, Taft 's passed
without a ripplo of applause; Boot's
stirred up a bit of enthusiasm, and
iiooscvelt's elicited cheers as well as
applause. Non-p.irtisanship was de
nounced by Chairman Whitney, and
Wallace McCamant, of Portland, Ore
gon, referred to Louis D. Brandels as
an "avaricious mountebank." These
statements were wildly cheered.
Judge J. SUuley Webster, of Spo
kane paid an eloquent tribute to Lin
coln without reference to partisanship.
The other speakers attacked President
Wilson unmercifully. ' T. R. Briiener,
of Aberdeen, held out an olive branch
to the progressives.
Wise Ones Say It Will Be
Houston, Lane or a
Washington, Feb. 12. President
Wilson will bring the name of Secre
tary of War Garrison's successor with
him when he returns to Washington to
morrow from a cruise on the Potomac,
officials believed today. Although there
is a strong idea that a "dark horse"
will be chosen, it is known that when
he left last night, the president had
under foremost consideration for the
place, Secretary of Agriculture Houston
and Secretary of Interior Lane.
German-American opposition has de
veloped aguinst Lane, however, inas
much as he is of Canadian birth.
There is much talk that Major Gen
eral Gocthals, Panama canal builder
will get the appointment, but a high
authority stated today that he M not
yet being considered.
It is believed that the president has
simmered the possibilities down to
Lane, Houston and a "dark horse."
Assistant Secretary et the Navy Roose
velt, Counsellor Polk of the ntnte. de
partment and Colonel House, mentioned
in the past for almost every post, are
Los Angeles, Cal., Feb. 12.
Patrolman Walter J. Bunker is
en route to tiie Cocos Islands,
off the coast of Peru, today, to
dig for buried treasure. He
s.iile.l on the yacht Sweetheart
with J. Header, a Mexican cap
italist. They expect to remain
three mouths. The gold is re
puted to have been buried on
the island during a war 200
years ao between Houth Amer
TALY FORBIDS 1P0RT OF
Last Gap In Economic Boycott cf Teuton Allies Closed
Italy's Act May Cause Declaration of War by Germany
-Canada Sends 2700 Men and 15 Machine Guns ta
American Border Fearing Raid From German-Amer-icans
Fighting Is Resumed Along Eastern Front
By Henry Wood
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Rome, Feb. 12. The last gap in the allies' economic
boycott of the central powers was closed today by issu
ance of an Italian decree forbidding, under heavy penalty,
the importation of any Austro-German goods. This step
was announced after Premier Briand had held several
hours' conference with the foreign office.
"We have completed the steel wall around Germany,"
he said in discussing the embargo.
Ordinarily such a step would have provoked an im
mediate declaration of war, but it is not believed here
that Germany cares to enroll Italy among her open
enemies, both for financial and military reasons.
Briand said that the allies are determined to throttle,
the Teutons from an economic standpoint, while making
them suffer from a military standpoint.
Niagara Falls, N. Y., Feb. 12. Toron
to and Thorol troop detachments with
machine guns today strengthened the
Burri-son across the boundary here to
2,700 men and 15 machine guns, follow
ing a rumor thnt ucrmnn-Aniericuns
were planning some inimical move,
finnnlii at mnver houses, bridtres and
factories were doubled and equipped
. . . . . i j
with machine guns anil ariiuery piuceu
iu advantageous positions.
sthnrtlv lii.fi.ro ninliiiirht an exnlosion
damaged a building tinder, construction
for the Cnstner Electrolytic ChemidaJ
company, and police found three sticks
of unexploded dynamite there. They
doubted a German plot, however, and
suggested the blast might be duo to
trouble between the Buffulo construe
tors and employes
Think Cook Put
Poison In the Soup
Chicago, Feb. 12. Manager II. J.
Doherty of the University club inti
mated today that a missing employe of
the club in a deliberate altempt to pois
on them placed arsenic in the soup of
Archbishop Goorge Mundolein, Govern
or Dunne and 100 other distinguished
guests at a b.inqiiet Thursday night.
it was at first thought that tne
guests,. taken, suddenly ill, were suffer
ing from ptomaine poisoning.
the police admitted today they aro
seeking the missing employe following
a conference between Doherty and De
tective Captain Collins.
Collins said the authorities are look
ing for the club suh ciief, a crank on
chemistry, in whose room bottles of
poison and bomb materials wore fouim.
Kxperts aro testing the soup by feed
ing it to animals, and the result of
this investigation will bo known Tues
day. An independent test by City
Health Commissioner Robertson dis
closed the presence of aiseuie, however.
Officers Bftlieye Doyle
Shot Women Deliberately
Klamath Falls, Ore., Feb. 12. AI
though officers expressed the belief
that William Doyle would brenk down
nnd ndmit that iie murdered Mrs. Mary
A. Wilcox nnd Mrs. Maueie Jones in
Ijineell valley Tnesilav morning. Dovle
in jail here, still insists the shooting
It wis whilo struggling with Mrs.
Jones for possession of a shotaun that
he two women were killed. Dovle says.
Both barrels went off and both women
received a full charge of buckshot at
Mrs. Wilcox was about 0" nnd Mrs.
Jones 3!. Kach had been married five
times. Dovle, who leased part of the
fjneli, lived in the bunk house nearby,
he declared, but. officers found most
of his clothes in Mrs. Jones' room.
Oregon Fair to
night except ram
and Sunday rain
cd by rain or
snow east portion
nnd sotithe isterly
Russians Aro Attacking.
Pctrograd, Feb. 12. Tho entire Vol-hynia-Bessarubia
front is the scene of
fighting after a lull of weeks. Oen.mil
Ivunoff is attacking west of Tarnopol,
and the Russians are trying hard tt
throw a big force across tho lueister
northwest of Czernowitz.
Trench Take Small Ditch.
Paris, Feb. 12. French troops captur
ed 300 yards of trendies in the Cham
pagne with a sudden grenade ottucfe
northeast of Xlesnil, the war office ai.l v
The French took German trenches in
tho direction of Labure Heights, domin
ating the important Sommo Py railroa.l
on which the Hermans obtain their sup
plies. Tho Teutons made vatn counrer
Commissioner Marshal Ex
plains Its WorkingsA
Very Interesting Meeting
W. A. Marshall, of the stato indus
trial accident commission, delivered an
address last evening on "Compeufa
tion," at the Union hall, expluining iu
detail the workings of the compensa
Injured workmen receive far more
liberal benefits through the workings)
of the Oregon law than through the
lawa of other states where the em
ployers insure through stock or mu
tual companies, according to the state
ment of Mr. Marshall. The expeiu
is much less through the workings f
tho Oregon law thnn that compared to
mutual or stock companies, and to sub
stantiate this statement, Mr. Marshall
noted the fact that H4 1,1)78 had been
paid in beucfits to injured workmen
during the past 19 months, or had been
laid aside for future payments, at an
administration eost of only 478,544.
An average of 8,ti00 accidents occur
every year in Oregon .and the Iossj in
actual wages nmounted to possibly $2,
(100,000, according to Mr. Marshall'a
In reference to the money that was
paid and set aside as a reserve fund tn
bo paid in monthly payments to depend
ents in filial ciises, it was stated that
fully one-third of a million was invested
in Oregon municipal and school bonds.
Following Mr. Marshall s talk, an in
teresting address was made by B. V.
Kleeman of the Carpenters' Union of
Portland, who represented the Kub-ni
body at the San Francisco conventi-m
of the American Federation of Ibor.
K. J. Ktnck, of Portland, secretnrv
of tho state federation, nave it brief
talk, and also C. M. Uyncrson, editor
and manager of the Oregon Labor Prets
delivered a short address,
At the close of thi business srspinn
and speaking, tho doors of ar. .dpiiiisr;
room were thrown open and a Duteh
lunch served. The music for the meet
ing was fu'tilnel by the Alusit ii.ns
association. Tin entertaii must commit
tee in charg? of the session were: T.
M. Newberry, chnirmiiu: W. D Sun
merville, C. VV. DmiK, Clihrle ;ill:i-p-ham,
George C'loii: and John Van Wcel.
OLD ORECION IS C0MIN3
Washington, Feb. 12. Dispatch Of
the battleship Oregon to San Francisco,
ordered by the navy departmnet is un
der assignments of second line ships t
tho mvul militia. She replaces th
Marblehend which goes to Portland.