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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 3, 1916)
Editorial Page o
February :i. lit I (J.
CHARLES H. FISHER,
Editor and Manager.
f "The Capita!
PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING EXCEPT SUNDAY, SALEM, OREGON, BY
Capital Journal Ptg. Co., Inc.
CHAS. H. FISHER,
DORA C. ANDRESEN,
Sec. and Treas.
nW bv carrier, nor Tear $5.00 Per month.
Diily by mail, per year
3.00 Per mouth.
FULL LEASED WIRE TELEGRAPH REPORT
New York Chicago
Ward -Lewis-Williams Special Agency Harry R. Fisher Co.
Tribnne Building 30 S. Dearborn St.
The Capital Journal carrier boys arc instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If the carrier does not do this, misses you, or neglects getting the
p&per to you on time, kindly phono the circulation manager, us this is the only
way we Can determino whether or not the carriers arc following instructions.
Phone Main 81.
A BAROMETER OF PROGRESS
Now someone wants a law compelling every one to
rest one day in the week. The great trouble with the
country now is that it is top heavy with useless and
senseless laws. It would be a boon to humanity if every
law could be repealed and the ten commandments re
enacted, while the judges were given discretion to decide
a case on its merits instead of by cut and dried rules tied
up with red tape with a lawyer holding each end of the
string. We have so many laws now that no one under
stands them or a fraction of them ; and new ones are be
ing made at the rate of about 50,000 a year.
Missouri is some stock state. Out of every 21 horses
in the United States she has one. Of mules she has one
out of each 14; of milk cows one of 26; of other cattle one
of 25; of sheep one of 34, and of hogs one of 45. She is
leader in the famous mule but not in it with some of the
other states in the matter of swine. '
The amount of freight hauled by the railroads may
Uc IdrvCIl o a laiL aiicu. wi- vwwv4n.ivi
throughout the country, says the Minneapolis Farm,
Stock and Home, ine business depression mat nas cov
ered the eastern part of the United States seems about
broken if we are to take the earnings of the two great
railroad systems the Pennsylvania and the New York
Central, as an index. The Pennsylvania Railroad earned
$18,G17,000 gross in November, 1915, an increase of
$;:,792,000 over November, 1914. Net operating income
amounted to $5,002,000, an increase over the 1914 oper
ating income of $2,484,000. The New York Central
November gross was $10,02:5,000, an increase over the
previous year of $5,929,000 and net was $6,107,000, an in
crease of $:5,747,000. Both of these companies make an
nual reports for the calendar year. If December was
comparatively as good as November, the Pennsylvania
will show approximately $45,125,000, compared with
?:;5,095,000 in 1914. This is a gain of about $10,000,000
and to this can safely be added the gain of $:i,000,000
shown in the eleven months ended November ?,0 in "Other
Income." Subtracting from this $1:5,000,000 an increase
of $5,700,000 in fixed charges, there is a gain of $7,P,00,000.
This would make net corporate income for 1915 about
$41,:!90,000, or about eight per cent on the company's
stock. This will by no means permit the Pennsylvania's
ideal of a dollar invested in property for every dollar paid
in dividends, but it at any rate leaves a fair margin of
safety over the six per cent dividend. On the assumption
that December shows up as well as November, the New
York Central will show $107,209,000 gross this year and
$:5:!,228,000 net operating income.
The market improvement is in the latter half of 1915
nnfl if mifi shows nn onuallv well with the past six
months, it will be extremely hard for any party to makej
business depression a political oattie-cry.
CRIME AND SURGERY
The Appam was not one of the ships that sailed away
and never came back. Although marked in this list the
Germans took her out of it very nicely. It sounds more
like a yankee trick than a German one and again em
phaises the fact that "you can't beat the Dutch" but
are the Germans Dutch?
February has more than the usual number of days to
celebrate, considering the shortness of the month.
Groundhog Day, Saint Valentine's Day, Lincoln's birth
day, and also that of the father of his country. Besides
there is an eclipse, or so the astronomers tell us.
Judging from the character of his reception in Kansas
yesterday, President Wilson is probably in hearty accord
with William Allen White's opinion that there is nothing
the matter with Kansas.
State of Oregon Has
Claims For 462,540
Horsepower In 1916
According to claims filed with State
Engineer Lewis for the year 191ii.
rights have lieen initiated for the de
velopment of -l5f.41U horse power. In
many instances the claims represent
power which the claimants assert the
right to develop but which have not
been actually developed.
Ciueknnias county leads in the num
ber of horse power for which claims are
filed, having ,'!4!l,"ll horse-power. The
only counties in the state in which no
claim for power development has been
filed, are Clatsop, Gilliam and Wheeler.
The number of horse-power claimed
in each county is as follows:
Washington", Sl.t; Benton. I'll; I'ma
tilla. 8,Si2; Marion. K.2:!7; Wallowa.
I. K87; Linn, f:l27; Douglas. .7..i27:
Harnov, 210; Baker, 5,(Su; Clackamas.
349, 71(1: Hood River, 25.7:17; Wasco,
4.41.1: Morrow, 12.1; I'uion. 1.52ft; I'olk.
170; Jackson. 14.4!tS; Yamhill. 50.1;
Klamath, 3ii(i; Grant, 4,fiSl; Lane.
!lft2: Sherman, 25; Lincoln, 20; Crook.
II. 710; Curry, 2ft; Multnomah. MS;
Lake, 2.1(1; Josephine, 12l); Jefferson.
5.000; Tillamook, 133: Coos. 10; Colum
bia. 11; Malheur, 454.
Total, 402,540 horse-power.
303 State Street
MARKETING OF PRODUCE
If you have not registered do so at once. Remember
this is positively the last time you will have to register
until next time.
o r MB
ft I m
THE HAND OUT
It is no new theory that certain criminal propensities
may be due to physical defects.
Surgical cases lately reported from Philadelphia and
Toledo lift the idea above the plain of mere theory.
The connection between mind and body is still a mys:
tery, but progressive science shows the connection to be
closer than was even imagined possible a century, or even
a quarter of a century ago.
It has been common for many years to restore reason,
destroyed by injury to the hoa'd, by relieving the brain
pressure. The nature of the insanity may even some
times indicate the exact location of the pressure when it
is caused by internal growths.
The I'hiladelnhia case is that of a boy who was in-
r-nrncrihliv His nhvsienl condition was Good and his :
brain active, but he was heading toward a career in!
crime. Through an accident he fell into the hands of aj
surgeon, who found that the boy's head had been injured!
long lief ore and that a depressed bone affected the brain, j
The pressure was removed, and the boy, placed under
close observation for several weeks, shows no tendency':
to relapse into his iormer willlumess. instead, lie is ai
fectionate, kind and obedient.
A similar case in Toledo has had the same result, and
it is established that, sometimes at any rate, wickedness
is the result of causes entirely physical and can be cured
by the knife and saw.
The penitentiaries and jails offer a fruitful field for
A Brownsville man who signs himself "One Who Does
Not Like Robins" takes half a column in Tuesday's Ore
gonian to tell all the mean things he knows about this
species of bird. He credits him with all the mean things
possible for a bird, and finds not a single redeeming trait
in him. The worst of it is that he is about right; and yet
one cannot help feeling sorry for the dear little brown
breasted ornery thieves and pests.
The most of us are working hard to stock the cup
board shelves, to purchase coal and lime and lard, to
clothe and feed ourselves. We plug along the best we
can, and always strive to keep a quarter
for the fellow-man who has no place to
sleep. The boys are always needing shoes,
the girls for dresses call, and so we strain
our weary thews, to raise the wherewithal.
Down to our tasks we're always bent, to
meet each pressing need, and have a quar
ter for the gent who has no place to feed.
We turn no beeear from the door, how-
J ever hard we're pressed; we think, "Ere
Ur Jjata maiijr j'cciia uie uei, iiive miii we may ue
dressed; like him we may be unemployed,
and look as tough as he, and have a dull and aching void
where fodder ought to be. Like him we may be glad to
sleep in some abandoned well' the cost of living is so steep
who can our fate foretell? And when we for a handout
plead, for hungry kids and frau, may people fielp us in
our need, as we help others now."
Kditor Capital Journal: It is re
freshing to read the crisp, spicy report
of the addresses delivered by the two
0. A. C. professors delivered in the
commercial dub room last Saturday on
marketing farm products.
But there were some statements made
by the speakers which were not report
ed, lint which are of more than passing
For instance. Prof. Bouquet said he
thought that .ibout all of the vege
tables were now grown in the vicinity
of Salem for which there was a market,
lie thought Marion county had fertile
soil but doubted that we had any land
that would grow good commercial on
ions; that the onions grown even in
Lake Lnbish were too sort and would
Now, why find so much fnult with
the Marion county farmers when the
demand for vegetables is already fully
supplied and since Marion conntv has
no onion soil farmers should follow
Save Money and
This applies to tooth troubles in a more certain
degree than any others. Save yourselves pain and
money by having your teeth looked after by com
Charges reasonable. Work guaranteed.
Lady Nurse. Sanitary Office.
Dr. W. A. Cox
303 State Street
dmvn this valley to instruct our farm
ers and city dwellers in the first prin
ciples of business. Tnen and not till
then can we hope tor or order to come
nut of nil this business chaos in market
ing inducts of our f.irms.
NOSE CLOGGED FROM
A COLD OR CATARRH
Apply Cream in Nostrils
Open Up Air Passages.
Aha! What relief! Your clogged nos
trils open rigiit up, the air passages of
your head are clour and you can
breathe freely. Xo more hawking,
snuffing, mucous ilischnrge, headache,
dryness no struggling tor breath at
t i". V,
I It I
Kditor Capital .loitrnal: Every man
is supposed to know the law, when it
is a question of obeying it; no man, ex-
i cept a court, is supposed to know the
law wuen it comes to interpreting it;
ml vclien vnn look nt t'lesp in temrctjl - 1 : '. u. i .... i. - .
the professor's advice and not try to ti8 v arV reminded of the siga in ' "' .I. t. ' . Lf"',
front of a certain work shop, "All bottle of El'v's Cream Balm from vour
kinds of turning and twisting done druggist now. Apply a little of 'this
nerp- . j fragrant, antiseptic cream in your noa-
A court rules in one case on a '!;-j trils, let it penetrate through every air
inurrer to the etteet that to prosecute i passage of the head; soothe and heal
me swouen, inriamca mucous mem-
grow nnv onions.
As to tiie vegetables on s.xle in the
Salem stoles of which liofessor Bou
quet was so critical, T took occasion to
investigate this matter and found a
full supply of as fine vegetables as I
had ever seen in any market. T bought
some of the cabbage, eurots and pars
nips and have used them on our table.
In quality as well as in appearance
we have found them first class. The
professor must have gone to a good
deal of troiiblo to find the inferior
vegetables which he brought to the
conimerci.il dub room to use in ridi
culing the Marion county fanners.
The fact is, tho professor seemed
considerably excited over having just
read some clippings from The Capital
Journal which had been contributed by
farmers; one of which was critical of
so-called ."Hook Farmers." The profes
sor seemed to think the shoe fit him
and he proceeded to throw it into the
Professor Bouquet, however, did not
spire the commercial club. He ridicul
ed tiie snacks rovoie.l lor a puLilic i,jjtVi nre somewhat human, so it is a
lllfi hL fit Ifil u'ii.1 ri.mil j(Mif.i.fnf tin i '
; , ' . ., , "". ....."...... wise punnc policy to allow a measure
ulna iMmuin ii- ruiini i ui -i I ii, nniiicii
in the business center of the town and
brane, giving you instant relief, lily's
Cream Balm is .just what every cold
and cntarrh sufferer has been seeking.
It's just splendid.
a dog thiet von must show how he
came in possesion of the dogs, how
many there were of them, that they
were found in liis possession; that de
mand for their surrender had been
made by the proper authority, and that
he had -refused to give them up.
... "' " ...u H. d Manning et nl to Marv Moisau
the mere possession of dogs out o tie; t F Bergevin d m,"V "
reguler order is prinm-f .icie evidence 1 tr n i 1 V I V , -r
of theft, ami the accused must find a -H' D; """'"SPt-al to Jowpli Mnn
wav out of it or take the consequences. ',f' A' ; I;'l"r(",1" d' 42'5'2" I'1-
Here is a wide diversion. One ruling I F. Bergevm cl. 0Sl-5-.'
makes it practically impossible to con-1 v uicent . Manning et al to II. D. and
viet a thief; the other is a short cut to: 'I3!? i. Manning, pt
c . !IH.S.?V
Tlpnnr T .w.lil.An -r
prison. This is "Court Latitude,
cnnvpiiiiinr in mm hit th.i vfiririiic
kinds of thieves. If nun i well fi.vn,..! l't. David Smith cl. 1,1-4-1 W.
ed and respect ible, he comes under the',. J- 1 Barber et ux to McKellow, lots
first ruling; if a common mutt, under: a11 u' 13 Riverside l'ark add, tS.i
the second. lem-
ourts, except those claiming infnlli-
THE SOUL'S IMMORTAL YOUTH.
LITTLE TALKS ON THRIFT
By S. W. STRAUS
fmiJent American Stritty fur Thrift
nfrmgi.n i"i yjn wmwwi
Hr' 5 c'
1 - i
LADD & BUSH, Bankers
Transact a General Ranking Business
Safety Depesit Boxes
w ay 1 1) find
out the true
meaning o f
t li c w o r d
thrift and the
practiced is to
lives of suc
cess fill m c n.
thrift in every form. It is worth
while listeniiiir lo what they have to
say and follow their examples. And
it is quite surprising what small be
ginnings tliee men made and how
extremely tin i fly and saving they
were. Notlnm; was too insignificant
lo lie carefully lai 1 aside for future
use. such as string from bundles that
John au imakcr, the Philadelphia
merchant saved to be used again and
the old newspapers which he care
fully smoothed out to wrap around
packagej that required no better
w rapping. Most young business men
of today would regard the saving of
such items a beneath them ct
John Waiumaker lias amassed a
great fortune, ha? done a great
amount of good in the v.rM and one
reason that lie is so much extolled
and quoted today is that he practiced
jtit such habits of thrift.
Sir Thomas Upton, who now has
approximately I'M1!) employes all
over the woil.l, started with scarcely
a cent. His father set him up in
business. He was wide awake, indus
trious, "a hustler," and, he says
"Every dollar that I earned 1 saved,
not that I really loved money. I have
often been asked to define the true
secret of success. It is thrift in all
its phases, and principally, thrift as
applied to saving. A young man may
have many friends, but he will lind
none so steadfast, so constant, so
ready to respond to liis wants, so
capable of pushing him ahead, as a
Utile leather-covered book, with the
name of a bank on its cover."
Let those young men bent upon
spending every cent consider the prin
ciples that guided Sir Thomas Upton
up the pathway of success, who be
cause of his thrift in the beginning
of his business career was enabled to
indulge his passion for yacht-racing,
something the thriiiless young man,
no matter bow much he desires to
cultivate- a "hobby" will never be able
Some of the pupils in the Public
Schools of Cook County, Illinois, no
doubt, w ill some day be able to grat
ify expensive hobbies, for during the
last year, field and garden school
home projects were made a part of
the school course of study. Two
thousand five hundred pupils took
this course, renting land from their
parents for cultivation purposes. The
total amount earned by the pupils
was more than $15,000, one hoy mak
ing $.170 from an acre of pickles.
1'r.ictiral lessons in gardening ami
valuable lessons in earning wnnney
were learned in this w ay at the same
placed under the supervision ot n
competent market master, lie referred
especially to the very successful public
market now in operation at Kugene
ami advised the commerci.il club to
have the market master at Eugene
come to Salem and instruct tiie people
on the use, locution and management
of a public market.
The professor had a good deal to
s.iy about that high souiubng word,
"standardisation." Hot we. who have
tried to standardize our products, find
that local merchants pay us no more
for our extra labor than they pay those
who "dump'' their produce oil - the
market. Merchants will have to bej
more discriminating in their purchases
aim consumers must lie willing to pav
of criticism to fall upon them. It tends'
to curb the play of class feeling the;
court may have, and to bring out the
ini.il'iiies that adorn a "just judge." I
Jt is a common saving, "There is nol
;iiistice in the courts." This is an over!
statement. When assured that he'
w.ilil get justice, Pat sail- that was
what he feared. To err is human, and
lomts are human; nevertheless the bias
of the court is likely to be in f.ivor of
law Hiul order (with exceptions) ami
the output, generally speaking, is sup-j
poseu 10 ue gouii.
L. D. RATl.ll'F.
When twilight splendors burn and
'Rekindling hopes, consuming fears,
Why do we vainly seek to reckon
By scores and tens the passing years?
.Say, if you please, the body dicth:
We could not if we would grow old;
Against that fate all Nature erieth
By signs and symbols manifold.
REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS
('has. K. Snii.lbcrg et ill to 1'eter S.
Saii.lberg et nl, pt. state Bi-ti-lW: Sam
el, .il'-li 1W.
i We seem to stand upon the portal,
I But is not this the simple truth;
;What once has lived must be immortal
j Our real life immortal youth'
j Springfield Kepublicnn.
NOT AFRAID OF FIRE
' i 1 T-... 1. .
1 H iiiiii-Ii In. ill, r in-lee frti- n wl -i n. .1 r. i ve. '
i.,t nf fruit or v......! t,le if the,- ,.' i ill,r.v Luebben to Bernard
them Mllimt;..,! in tlmt form Tli'.i lnlw.r'I'1- White 12-4-1W.
cost in grading and packing is high
and must be paid by the consumer. I
When the purchasing power of consuni-
(is is low us at present, the thriftv
Lawyer. You say you told the cook
to pet out of tiie hou-e the minute von
I found it was on fire and she refused to
I'tllio AT 1:, 1. ... . ... T ... 1 EOT .
v., iv ..1. ,,i lien roocil r n 1-
pt. Louis Yandull el. i!4-3-iW. I, 1,urn'-, ,l's: she said she must
Andrew Sorenseu to T H ami Jen-1 ,e 8 0",n s "'"'''o 1'ofore she'd
nie Hnrrvman. lots 12 nud 1;! in sub 1 loave- t'oiiiil Food Magazine.
housewife will buv tiie most fond that
her limited amount of money will pur
chase without much regard to fancy
park. This is illustrated by the slow
sale of nicely graded and boxed Hood
Uiver apples which cost the grower
and .'10, Capital Heine'
div of lots
Mary Jr. and Y. B. Eugglos lo Sum-!
uel ami Atice A'cwby, h,t bile hi, ftiv-'
erside add. Salem. j
Alice M. Duiiiwftv in Louis Mid Mar
about one dollar per box f. o. b. Ilood gnret Lnelimund, K 1-2 of lots fi and 7
River. When these apples are dis-lblk. S3. Salem. j
tribute.! tliev must sell for above $1..0: L. B. Haftnrson et ux to R. T. nud
l per box or the grower slitters .i loss.' X A. rtratty lot 3 blk. Id. Highland'
Muring the past several years the great' add Salem. !
majority of consumers refused to pay H. D. Manning et al to Vincent Man-'
more than from fifty cents to one dol-lning, pt. Felix Bergevin cl. W-5-2W, j
hir per box for apples. The lesult is' H. P. Manning et al to James K.
that Hood River growers who have Manning pt. l'eiix Bergevin cl. P-5-2v!
" standardized" their apples linvel If. D. Manninc et nl tn' AU; ;
been pocketing a loss.
The truth is tiie marketing problem
wis far from solved by "the speakers
at the commercial club last Suturdav.
The fling which L. It. McMahan took
nt the tanners tor not following his;
lead was in line with the other talks'
and, as -Mr. McMahan is getting
wealthy .is a fruit grower on his big
ranch in Mission Bottom, what he said'
should carry considerable weight. I
Professor Mcl'herson "s address was1
of real merit. He knew what he was!
talking about. He warned the cities!
against' discouraging farming opera-,
tious either through impediments in!
marketing farm products or charging!
farmers high rates of interest on loans, j
He said if ambitious farmers become,
discouraged they will muve to town.!
the final result will be that the cit(Ci
will, themselves, tumble down for want I
U Hrien. pt. A. P. Palaquin cl. 42 5 2W;
pt. Felix Bergevin cl !'S-5-2 V.
It. 1. Manning et al to Cecilia C.len
sou, pt. A. F. I'alnqniu cl. 42-5-2W; pt.
Felix Bergevin cl. ill' 5-2W.
in the Stomach, Liver and
Bowels your health is quickly
once. It is a fine tonic
remedy for the stonmch.
"It is very
the optimist. '
of meat and drink."
"And yet," responded the pessimist. ,,f sioinnrt
'It is mighty hard to find a good I We nefil innrr men if tiie
i . l... . . i. .. : . .-..li I. i . i it " I . ....
lion iiiv euuiuii is I mi! iHUiriilllg House. Protestor Mcl'liersnn tn
nice to think, ' ' (pioted
Always Watch This Ad Changes Often
run 1Mb WOODSMAN 1
for U.e wJo'd.: ' 81edge6 SaWI tnd Equipment! t
U kL,dALC?m'!rat,d' Iron for both Boof. ana Building. 1
eort Sundry Mangel, slightly nse4 for one-fourth original
115 AND 120 NEW OVERCOATS AT 15.00.
I pay 1 1-2 cent per pound foT old rag.
I pay highest price for hldai and for.
H. Steinbock Junk'Co.
.n. v- .v r. Th. Ho", of Hllf Million Bargain.
802 North Commercial Street.