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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1916)
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OVER 4000 DAILY
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SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1916
PRICE TWO CENTS
ON TBAINI AND KSWS
8TA.ND8 mi CENTS
SMNNS OF GLENGYLE
President Wilson Starts For Washington In Special Train
No Lives Lost On Glenjjyle, P- Its Being Torpedoed
Indicates Austria Is Deliberi Showing Contempt
: for America-Situation Is Ten ind May Result In
Severing of Relations doYen t Will Be Forced
to Take This Course
Washington, Jan. S. The gravity the international
situation caused by torpedoing of the British liner Glen
gyle, coming on the heels of the sinking of the liner
Persia, caused President Wilson today to determine to cut
his vacation short and return here, arriving tomorrow
The Southern railway took immediate steps to fetch
him quickly here and at once set to work to send his
private car to Hot Springs. He should be in the capital
early tomorrow, according to present plans.
Meantime, official circles awaited details of both the
Persia and Glengyle sinkings with most anxious fore
bodings. Their worst fears were realized in the death of
American Consul McNeely of Adam and the reports that
the torpedoing was without warning, as required by inter
national and humane law.
While it was reported that the president will call a
cabinet session immediately upon his return, the state de
partment showed the real gravity of the situation when it
said, "no effort should be made to minimize the serious
ness of the situation." Moreover, it was intimated that an
understanding with all the central allies as to submarine
attacks will be demanded immediately.
Gun Not An Excuse. '.
The presence- of a 4.7 inch -gun on
t'-ie Persia, m reported by Consul Gar
rets At' Alexandria, together witii the
fact that" there Wore 25 British ottieer
en route to. Egypt aboard was regarded
as of minor importance inasmuch as
the administration recognizes the right
of nit . ihantmen to parry small guns for
defense. The soldiers among the pas
sengers, it was held, could not give the
vessel the status of a "troop ship," li
able to attack without warning.
Later a special train was rushed to
Kot Spring, Vo., to bring President
Wilson back to Washington. He may
arrive before tomorrow morning.
The state department expected that
Austria or Germany which ever own
ed the attacking the submarine would
anticipate a protest or ultimatum from
America, and hence would voluntarily
disavow the torpedoing of the Persia.
The situation seemed the more serious
from the fact that tho Persia incident,
followed so closely upon Austria' re
assuring note in the Ancona case; and
flint the Fersia sinking was in turn suc
ceeded by the Glengyle torpedoing.
Was It Mine Or Submarine . '
Ilefore any action can be taken, how
ever, the administration must first set
tle whether n submarine or a mine was
responsible fur the Persia sinking, and,
if it was a submarine, what its nation
The state department is determined
to obtain fiouv the rentrnl powers a
binding prninUe that ill future submn
ri no nt tacks, the safety of non-combatants
not only on liners but on mer
chantmen shall be assured. One result
of this position will be n showdown in
tlio I.imtnnia cue, inasmuch a Ger
many's pledges in this incident have
thus far extended only to liners.
Meanwhile, hinge d' Affaires
Zwicdinck of the Austrian embassy
nought to have tho public withhold
lie pointed out that it had not been
definitely established that a submarine
fnnk tho Persia, and moreover, that the
Abe Martin J
(!rnnV.rw pnh has n beautiful
rew four hundred an' fifty coupon
humidor. Th' hmn has seen his best
day, an ' so ha ho.i sense it seemJ.
circumstances', aurroundinff the incident
had not been -entiwly jwoved. -.-HenecJ
he asserted, no one knows wuotnor
there was justification. ' In any event,
he suggested that Austria through her
Ancona reply indicated her readiness
to do right. He expressed himself as
confident and hopeful that, if the sub
marine proved to be Austrian, his gov
ernment would take immediate step
toward n satisfactory settlement. .
No Official Information,
In this connection, officials suggest
ed that possibly the contents of the
Austrian note, and instructions to sub
marines, contingent thereon had not
reached the submarine commander who
sank the Persia; if indeed, it was an
Charge d' Affaires Zwiedinek called
at Secretary of State Lansing's office
at noon anil spent some time there.
An hour previous, Presidential Sec
retary Tumulty visited the premier to
learn' news of the Persia and Glengyle,
but was told thai no official informa
tion concerning '' vHengyle had been
Prom some quarters came a demnud
for tho immediate recall of German
Ambnssador Von llernstorff and Baron
Zwiedinek. Rut, a number of senators
called on Secretary Lansing nnd urged
that he go slowly. In the lack of offi
cial information, however, the secre
tory was in no hurry to act.
I'.nnsiiiir admitted that a note to Bul
garia and Tin key is contemplated to
head off submarine outrages by these
nations if the Austrian difficulty is
Pacify Black Republic
Washington, Jan. 3. In marked con
trast to the fate of the French army in
its conquest of Haiti when thousands
fell victim to plague and pestilence, is
the experience of the United States
Mnriit,, (ifiriu in ttu nneifientinn work
iii that war-torn little Caribbean repub
lic. Medical officers, in reports just
received by headquarters of the Marine'
corps in this city, stnte that the health
uf the marines could not be better de
spite the fact that they have otten been
culled hi in n to march 20 miles a day
over rough mouutnin ronds, under a
blistering tropical sun, and under con
ditions of nctunl warfare.
Hititi. nccordimr to these medical of
ficers, has had for over a hundred years
tlio repuxuiiou or ooiog one m me mini
unhealthy spots in tin- world, and it has
been the common belief that no white
man could live there when subjected
to hardships and exposure. But it re
mained for our marines to disprove this
theory. They have had great experience
In climates closely resembling that of
llniti. ninl have learned to take the
necessary precautions so essential to the
maintenance or ported ueaim in m
Foot troubles were few and far be
tween, thp mcdicnl officers snr. nnd the
deaths have been caused by bullets, not
Portland, Or., Jan. 3. Dancing and
lognnberrg juice have superseded liquor
in Portland's cafes nnd grills today. A
citv ordinance prohibited the sale of
liquor In dance halls, and for that reas-
on dancing in cafes had never been in
Double Track Road From Petrograd
To Ice Free Port Boon For Russia
Petrograd, Jan. 3. (Special.) It has
been apparent since the early stages of
the war nnd is at present doubly so
that Bussia greatly needed an effic
ient and reliable mcuns of communica
tion with tho outside world. The war
conditions in the Baltic and the Black
sea left her with only very scanty
means of obtaining supplies and muni
tions. The three chief means were (1)
the Archangel route; (2) tho Trans-
Siberian railway; and (3) the Trans-
vik-lornea route. All of these have
great drawbacks. The port of Arch
angel is closed by tho iron grip of
the Arctic winter for six months in
the year from October to May
and its railway communication with
the capitul is poor and indirect. The
Transoibei'ian route is useless tor
the rapid transit of supplies and mu
nitions, and the Nirvik-Tornea route
involves shipment at the head of
the Gulf of Bothnia, which causes
delays and dangers.
The New Harbor in the North.
Bussia realized that her success
depended, and still depends, on re
ceiving promptly and in large quan
tities munitions of war. Though the
Arctic ocean is the last place in the
world where one would expect to
find an all-tho-yenr ice-free port
that is, one that is open all the year
round yet it is so at Kknterina har
bor according to the result of the of
This harbor is situated about 200
miles east of North Cape in Norway,
and tho anomalous ice-free features
are due undoubtedly to the effect of
the Gulf Stream which before finally
losing itself in Arctic waters back
washes along tho . Lapland and Mur
man coast, and prevents more than
a thin film of ice water forming in
Ekaterina harbor.- To connect this
harbor with Petrograd by an effici
ent railroad was the chief considera
tion, of Russia. American engineers
and contractors were consulted and
thousands . of men were engaged for
the work, which was begun simul
taneously at both ends. Largo gangs
of workmen wero sent to intermedi
ate points and ordered to -build to
wards the ends.
Building the Railroad.
Tho result was that in September
this triumph of modern engineering
was declared complete three weeks. in
dvancer-of contract time. . The - new
road has been built through -difficult
country a land of . morass and
swamp whore every foot. had to bo
made, and yot at such pressure was
the work carried on that 100 miles
of doublo track per month was ac
complished. Russia now has an open
door through which she may look at
tho outside world. . All that is needed
FEDERAL LAW AFFECT-
1NQ LIQUOR SHIPMENTS . .
4c Unlawful to ship intoxicating
liquor to any person except
$ true consignee, or to any ficti- 4c
tious namo. . $
Unlawful for express or rail-
road company to act as agent
ic for consignor or consignee in
ijc All interstate shipments of
liquor must have plainly mark-
cd on package the naturo and
sjc quantity of contents and true 4c
nnmo of consignee.
' Unlawful to ship liquor by
4c mail. 4c
4c Penalties for violation of 4
4c these laws are severe, including 4c
4c heavy fines nnd imprisonment, 4c
4c and confiscation of goods. 4
SUCCEED ICY AS
Frank Ward to Head Police
dates Sanitary Officer
In all probability O. f. Milled will
be chosen by tho members of the city
council to succeed B. W. Macy as coun
cilman of the seventh ward. Mr. Mncy
resigned to accept the position as city
attorney and Mr. Willett was the re-,
tiring councilman from this ward anil!
the matter of choosing the successor ot
Mr. Macy was left to Councilman-elect
X. I). Elliott and Mayor Harley O.;
White. Both of these men have agreed
upon Mr. Millctt and as ho appears to'
bo the only candidate in the licld will
probably -e chosen by the council. Mr.
Millett served a term as councilman
from this ward ami made an excellent
record in the work of putting in sew
ers lant winter. '
Another officer to be chosen at this
evening's sossion of the city council Is
tlio snnitnry ami plumbing Inspector.
There are about a dozen candidates in
the field and the scrap for the job ap
pears to be anything but lacking in in
terest especially since tho office yet
remains to be created. The bill for an
ordinance creating the office of sant-
(C'obUbu4 oa Page Three.)
y 'V-i " OCEAN
P L A N A WS'
'Z&f ' '. ' I NEW DOIieicI . 1 J :
yjr TRACK R.R, I . TSifal f
'jy ' ' FTTRObRAD fl. -v
toarctic ' v j V.
Finland 'K ) Iolo simohI
Jta VJ , . JJ I TRACK R.R.
' ' 1 ' mJSCiC I I ARCHANGEL '
Pouble track railway from
is . the rolling Btock, and this will
probably be largely American, built
to Russian Specifications. The en
gines will be of the Mallet type with
up-take arranged, for burning wood.
The Russian railway works at Ko
lomna Will' also supply engines and
carriages; "" The route .of the new
road is from. Petrograd, round the
southern shores of Lake Ladoga to
Petrozavodsk,! from, thence by way of
Kem-Kandolax - Aa ' Kola direct . to
Kkaterina harbor: .
Archangel and Ekaferinfti
Ekaterina- has no extremely shel
tered anchorage, wnerw the waters
are nearly always calm, even when
Arctic storms ' are raging. Ekaterina
Island, with its steep cliffs, forms an
effioient windbreak, and allows- th'
work of unloading cargo to be car
HAS 75 MILE GALE
One Killed, Many Injured
One Killed In Oakland and
RAINFALL FOUR INCHES
BIG TUNNEL IS FLOODED
School Buildings Damaged,
Kids Get Holiday Storm
Sweeps Whole Coast
San Francisco, Jan. 3 Tho wind and
rainstorm which has held San Francis
co and the bay district in its grip for
two days is today centered off the
mouth of the Columbia river, and the
worst of it is being felt In northern
California, Oregon nnd southern Wash
ington. Northern California received
the brunt of tho rainfall.
The temperature has risen during tho
Inst 12 hours from six to 2i degrees in
various parts of the stato. In the in
tmior California valleys and in south
ern California, storm conditions are
practically the same as in Han Fran
cisco. Tho wind abated here today but
became more violent in the northern
part of the state.
The Key Kouto ceased operations
earlv today after a futile attempt to
operate its trains and boats. From 10
to 12 feet of water stands in the Em
eryville pier tunnel, completely block
ing traffic. Officials stated traffic
possibly will be resumed tomorrow.
Reports of heaw damage; and in
some places, loss of life, came In today
from vurious parts of the bay district.
Farm Land Flooded.
Twenty-eight persons were rescued
in Oakland from inundated homes by a
special police suuad organized to aid
waterbound families. Fifteen Chinese
were rescued from the second story ot
a tenement after a part of the wall
was chopped caway.
(Continued on I'aije Eive.)
Petrograd to Ekaterina Harbor.
ried on at all time. The water is
from. 60 to 90 feet deep, and thus the
largest of modern vossels can be ac
commodated. During - the present
winter the new road .will no doubt 1
used at high pressure, and it if
hoped hore that its effectiveness will
be seen-in the renewal of. the Rus
sian offensive.. It is of interest t(
note that Kola, near -Ekaterina. was
made a fortress town by Peter the
Ureat, but in 17 HO, during the reign
of Catherine . IT. ' the"v fortress wb
pulled down and the arsenal and
ordnance stores removed to Ekater
ina harbor, where it was proposed
to construct a naval depot. The idea
was not carried out till 1501, and in
1809' the place -was -destroyed by the
English, and Kola suffered the ume
fate in 1855.
4c FIRST UP MT. HOOD. 4c
4e Portland, Or., Jan. 3. Chas.
4c E. Warner and William Evans
4c wero lionized by tho Mazama .'
4t club today, for they hold an
4c absolutely unique mountain
4e climbing record. 4c
4e They scaled Mt. Hood from 4c
4c the north side Friday, saw the 4c
4c new year dawn from the sum-
4c mit, nnd descended to Cloud
4 Cap inn after daybreak Satur- He
4c day. They were the first to
4c climb the mountain in the win- 4c
4c ter from the north side, and the 4c
4c first who ever held a new
K year's watch party on top of "fr
4c the peak.
IN SEE-" OF VESSELS
Was 9,000 Ton Freighter
Jap Ship Kenkon Mam
London, Jan. 3, Fresh toll of life
was believed to have been taken with
tho torpedoing of tho llritish steamer
Ulengyle, largest of England's ships
except the Lusltnnia nnd Arabic, to
succumb to undesea attacks. About
100 aboard her were rescued, but while
it is believed she carried no passengers,
(Continued on Paaa Three.)
night and Tues
day snow or
250 MS LOST
There Was No Panic But All Faced Death BraYely-Big
Liner Went Down In Six Minutes Listed, to Port So
Boats On Starboard Were UselessPassengers at Loach
When Explosion Came Sailors Stuck to Post and Were
Trying to Let Down Another Boat When End Came
Alexandria, Egypt, Jan. 3. Officers
of the sunken P..& O. liner Persia were
ponitive todav '.that she was the vic
tim of a submarine and not a mine, us,
some sources tended to indicate. That
the loss of life aboard here will run
past the 250 mark seemed certain. In
cluded in the lint of dead is probably
Consul K. X. McXecly, of Aden, re-
fiorted missing and said to have been
ast seen struggling in the water as the
ill-fated liner went down to a watery
Various reports of. tho . sinking indi
cated the vessel was sunk without
warning.' The nationality of the at
tacking submarine, however, was not
determined for officers claimed not to
have sighted the diver, though they
said positively they had seen the wake
of her torpedo. .'"'
Tho second officer 'said he saw. the
white streak, of a torpedo but no sur
vivor reported getting an actual sight
of the diver. .
Graphic details of-the liner's last
moments were told here today by Leon
ard Moss, an English survivor.'.
- Passengers Cool and Brave.
"There was.no panic, and. the loss ot
life was due to two things,"., he said.
"First, the Persia sank in less than six
minutes, and second, most, of 'those
aboard were having luncheon at the
time, and were not thinking of subma
rine. , . - ' ;
"Wa were making' 18 knots when
the first dull bqom came, followed by
a funny cracking sound. , H seemed
only a second when the big ship began
to list. ' : '
"Those on deck rushed to the boats,
but tnose on the starboard side were
worthless because they lislod heavily.
People ran up from below while Women
and children were erying, but thore
was no wild -scrambling 'and everybody
was pretty cool. -
"Tho first two boats got away all
right but the next rolled over as she
hit the water.- There wore a lot of
women in that one. The first boat
launched tried to pick up thoso of tho
overturned boat, but the waves kept
bumping the rescuer against tho Per
sia, threatening to capsizo the life
boats that had pulled away. -Crew
Went Down Doing Duty.
"The noit two cleared a minuto be
fore the Persia sank. ' . .
Italians Have Not Drawn
on Great Reserve Strength
By Alice Bohe,
Home, Jan. 3. When the orchestrul
guns have boomed their last salvo and
the big asbestos curtain of peace drops
on Europe's war-torn stage, doubtless
the world will begin to appreciate tho
role by King Victor in the present
greateht tragedy of history.
Act II wus well iiiuler way beforo
Italy .joined the players and King Vic
tor With his tuft of rooster feathers
appeared from the wings. He had fre
quently been mentioned in the lines,
ami no sooner had he strode upon the
stage than ho oml the veteran actor
Franz Josef came to blows.
"Vernon will fall before Gorizia,"
shouted the Austrian,
"(lorizia first," retorted Victor
and itio play went on.
"It was not until May of this yenr
that Italy declared war on Austria. Im
mediately the Italian General Stuff
outlined the following land program:
1. An aggressive, systematic opera
tioa on the mountainous northern fron
tier, Trentino and the Cnrnic Alps
Ion" fortified by Austria, designedly to
malic an Austrian invasion of Italy
easy standing impregnable against
2. An offensive on a large scale
against the valley of tho Ison.o which
barred Italy's way toward the Julian
Alps on the east nnd the Istrian pen
insula to the south.
The Naval Program.
The naval program was this: De
struction of Austrian commerce on the
Adriatic and nd.iiicent waters and the
bottling up or destruction of the Aus
trian fleet. .
On land today Italy faces the New
Venr as the only one of the allied pow
ers whoso main army is firmly en
trenched on the soil of an enemy. On
water the Duke of Ahruzzl's fleet Is
supreme. The Austrian main fleet, ref
uged in Pola harbor, refused the Ital
ian challenge just as tho German fleet
defies the Hritish In the Kiel canal.
Like Germany, Austria in unable to
give enfo convey to her own com
merce. With an ormy of more than $2,230,
000 men in uniform; with reserves of
1,7,'.0,000 men between 18 and 38 yet
to be called to tho colors; with ahuuu
snt eaninment. esneciallv heavy artil
tery; backed by a splendid industrial
"Some of the crow wore trying to
get over another boat for passengers
who were mostly grouped on the deck.
Women clung to men and children
cried. Then the waves broke over too
stern and I was thrown into the)
water." ' ,
The number of survivors- reaching -here
was placed close to 160. Many
suffered from exposure and it is pos
sible the death list will run higher by
reason of this exposure Many of thd
women were lightly clad and men were,
taken from the, water. without coats.
Warships and fishing vessels are)
seeking bodies off C'rote and it is re
garded possible that Greek trawlers
reseued some alive in the water. .
Charles II. Grant, of Boston, all ad
vices showed, was saved; while E1- .
ward Hose, of Denver, left the vessel
at Oibraltar.' .. . ?
Survivors had no doubt McNeely
perished, and some -advices said flatty
he was (load.
Consul Keely Drowned.
London,' Jan. 3, American Consul
General Skinner todny cabled Consul
Garrets at Alexandria to obtain a.
statement of the liner Persia sinking
from Charles II. Grant, of Boston.-
Upon this statement may depend
whether. America will take drastic ac
tion in the case. - ' -
Consul Robert McNeely, on roufn to
his post at Aden, was lost when ttu
big liner " went down. . He ' was taut
seen struggling in the water as life
boats pulled away.' "i " ' '
The sinking of the Persia horrified
the English press. today; they Spceutnt
ed efterisively as to America's course
now, 'and, were tfnaulmous- in' tbir ex- ,
pressions that the central powers r-.
gard America with contempt and,
through the Persia case, are flout iuj
her with their scorn." : ' ;
Despite reports that there was no
panic, it was deemed significant herS
that only 59 out of 241 passengers wero
saved, and 94 of the crew of 150 to
200. .' . " " .
Moreover, only 17 out of 87 women,
and 2 out of 30 children passengers
were rescued and landed by a warship
mobilization capublo of feeding muni
tions for any emergency, Jtuly looKs to
tho futuro with the utmost confidence.
This feeling was vividly reflocted in
the recent utterances or liaron non
nino, Minister for Foreign Affairs, in
tho chamber, in which lie announced
not only Italy's agreement with the al
lies not to conclude a separate peace,
but her purpose to extend the cam
paign ncroHS the Adriatic in support
of stricken Serbia.
Italy Helping Serbia.
In answer to the latter pledge, C0.00O
Italian troops have already landed in
Albania where pioneers nro buBy at
road-building nnd other means of
transport through the pathless moun
tains. Food and clothing by the ship
load are being sent by tho Italians for
die Serbian refugees.
Seven mouths of fighting along tho
lines of the General Stuff's plan of
campaign havo produced tar greater
results than tho daily communiques
havo indicated. On the Isonzo front
tho offensive has reached tho stage
where on Italian occupation of tho en
tire Istrian peninsula, as well as ef
fective thrusts northward and east
ward, is believed to bo possible early
The northern cumpnign, in the Tren
tino and Carnio regions, has closed
with the object attained. After months
of tho severest anil most difficult
mountain warfare, heroic struggles on
precipitous battlegrounds, the Alpino
troops, Kersnglieri and infantry witb
heavy artillery, sometimes drawn up.
the mountainsides with ropes, have bat-'
tored fort nfter fort Into dust, stormed
nnd euptured hitherto . impregnable!
Austrian defences, and consolidated :
the conquered crags and valleys against,
a successful counter-offensive. Tha,
floodgates of invasion for which Aus-:
tria had been preparing since 18(W and
which she has boasted would give her
the city of Verona oeiore Italy eouM
reach-(lorizia, are now closed agaiust
her with doublo bar and lock
Weeks of desperate fighting against ,
terrific odds where sometimes required.
by the Italians to take a single fort
ress or position in this phase of the ,
(CoatinueU on fax Hive.)