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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 21, 1915)
Soldiers In Trenches Will Cel
THE DAILY CAPITAL JOURNAL. SALEM. OREGON. TUESDAY, DEC. 21, 1915.
IN OUR 5c, 10c and 15c
15 Umbrellas sold at 10 :00 A. M.
1& Umbrellas sold at 2:00 P. M.
18 Umbrellas sold at 4:30 P. ML
(ONLY ONE TO AN INDIVIDUAL)
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In tho public oyo, actors, Hko bless
ings, brighten ns thoy tnko their flight.1
Already Hir Johnston Forbes-Kobcrtson,
who appears at tho Grnnd theutre Fri
day, December 24, has said farewell to
the London; and now lie iH hiking leave
of the American theatre For 30 years
lie hiiK been one of the most eminent
eaters in England; for 10 years be has
by common agreement been tho fore
most actor of the- English-speaking
Forbos-fiobortson has paid ninny vis
its to America. America has generous
ly received him. Thirty years ago ho
came to this country ns lending mnn
far Mary Anderson. Wince thon he has
been seen, horo iu many of his most
famous roles. His farewell in New
York crowded the thentro for 100
nights. Ilia Inst night in New York
rivalled bis Inst night in London. It is
given to a few players to find such
and a Sound Digestion
do not allow your digestive organs to get out of order. Many ilia start
from the stomach. Indigestion and biliousness quickly result in
headache, nervousness, loss of sleep and other weakening ailments.
Unless prompt attention is given to an upset stomach and
a torpid liver, serious illness may follow. Be on your guard..
Relieve these conditions, at once, by taking
try salem FIRST
4LIM COMMERCIAL CLUU
ready and roynl success in tho English
speaking cities of tho world.
The public seems to- reulizo all that
Forbes-Robertson's farewell menus. As
ho goes playgoers have seemed with
one accord to feel the loss of his leavo
tnking will create. The abilities Forbes
Robertson brought to the theatre, the
achievements with which he filled it,
the devotion which he gnvo to it, the
histrionic standard that he set for it;
these are the things that come to mind
with tho farewell appearance of the
foremost living actor.
Too Many Clothes Fcr Our
Children," Says Q&cial
(United I'ross correspondence.)
Chicago, Dec. 21. Childhood of today
is being buried under the same aval
anche of greed fur stylo and clothes
that is swamping the grown-ups, ac
cording to Mrs. Jano Barnard, juvenile
probation officer at the court of domes
tic relations. Mrs. Barnard drew on
Tennyson to put it this- way:
"Cursed be tho social wants that sin
against tho strength of youth."
"Nowadays, " said Mrs. Barnard,
"childron are dressed for school as they
used, to dross only for parties. ' Huudiiy-go-to-moetin'
clothes are unknown. Ev
ery day is Hundny in children's cloth
ing. Childron aro hooted bv their play
mates if they wear clothing like their
parents wore, nnd ono of childhood's
greatest tragedies is the contempt their
playmates hold for them if they, aro not
dressed 'in style.' It iu no better at
Sunday school. Children not dresHed
right up to tho minute are not only
hooted by their school mutes, but are
received in a patronizing supercilious
manner by tho adults. This is the reason
so many men come to me and say they
cannot support their families."
WOULD W1 THEM OUT
(levcland, Ohio, Dee. 21. Because
Friday night duncoc leave them in no
shape to take .Saturday examinations.
Case students, have asked the faculty
to eliminate them thut is, the tests,
Want a Clear
.which promptly tone the stomach, improve the digestion and
regulate the liver. The kidneys are benefited by their use,
and the bowels become active and regular. Beechum's Pills
appetite and put indigestion to rout
the breath, clear the brain, purify the blood,, brighten the eyes,
regulate the liverr tone the ner.ves and produce restfuL sleep.
Beecham's Pills banish a sallow skin and bring a healthy tint
to the cheeks. Whenever you feel run-down, or are troubled with
indigestion or biliousness, these famous pills
Are the Medicine You Need'
and What You Ought to Take
At An Druggists, 10c, 25c '
The Largest SaU of Any Medicin in the World.'
Directum f iptM flu tt mm mm mry
ebrate "Peace (ht Earth"
By Philip Kfirbj.
(United 1'ressr stuff correspondent.)
With the French Army at tHe Ftont,
via I'aris, Dec. 21. The shrill whistle
of bullets overhead and the roar of
artillery in the dis'.Rnce effectually dis
sipate all. tltu Christmas, spirit in the
first liuo trenches ot .the western bat
It is easy to understand why men do
not wish to observe the festival of
"peace on earth, good will to men."
"It would only make them more
homesick,."' an. officer told mo today.
"This is a war to the death. We are
not like the armies of old which pro
claimed' an armistica- for Christmas. It
is necessary to forgot the noma festival
nnd reserve tho celebration, until vic
tory comes to ns."
YetL there'll ba Christmas in rim
trenches, for tho mails for months have 1
been jammed with presents for Hie-mem j
These havo been piled' in bomb, proofs, J
and will not bo oponod, by common oon- I
sent, until 'Christmas morning; Thon. an
officer in each section will: piny Hiintu
llaus and' distribute them.
Back of tho lines though,, it seems
like Christmas back, homo, though its a
Christmas season with .a tug at tile
heart strings. Many churches behind
the trenches, though pnrtly in ruins,
are decorating with flags, evergreen,
holly and mistlotooi
At midnight on Christmas eve,, tho
solitary nguro of 1'itrUinnl Lucon will
enter the liheims cathedral and pray
for the success of tho French arms anil
for the rest of the souls of the men who
have falley in the defense of their
country. Regularly twico a week, he
prays in a hole in (he untouched wing of
tno ruined church; but he cannot cele
brate mass inside the cathedral so com
pletely wrecked is it.
Solemn high mass will be sung Christ
mas evo and several ether services will
bo held Chiistmns Jay in the sacristy of
mi; .-vuiisuns caineorai. mere n t nv
light is burning continuously before tho i
Binall altar. j
"Although the cnemv, for no reason, I
destroyed tho outer shell of the House j
of (rod, this light, typifying eternal j
faith in the heart, burns forovor,"
said the priest in charge. i
At Eperjiay and Cateau Thierrv. close
to the front, Christmas shopping goes
on as in pence times only there are
many crepe clad' women, with perhnps
less money than before, who buy tho
. In addition to appropriate gifts for
the mon in tho trenches, the shops dis
play things suitable for tho homo folks.
Thero nro toys, sweet moats, sewing
bags, toilet sets, and. inexpensive jow
elrv. Back in, the trenches, tho men aro not
depressed. They aro remarkably com-fVirtablo-
in their, new war dugouts and
bomb proofs despita cold and snow.
Rats and vermin have been largely
The civilian is surprised at tho seem
ing emptiiioss of the first linos. It is
impossible to believe that the enemy is
only a few yards distant. Of course,
men nro there, but thoy. are out of sight
in the dugouts. The only visible sign
of alertness is that sentinels aro eon
coaled in advance poBts ready to give
Tlio mon aro in fine physical condi
tion, and tho sickness rate ib loss thnn
in peace times. Seventeen months of
war seemingly has been, only so much
The Christmas spirit isn't what Am
erica would know ns Christmas Bpirit
but in its place is a confidence in vic
tory, a firm belief that when tho time
of "peace on earth, good will to men"
again rolls around; the Germans will bo
broken, and French families will be re
AMERICAN MADE FIRST
SUBMARINE IN 1777,
WAS ONE-MAN BOA T
The submarine is nltnost universally
looked upon as of modern invention,
which in its present form, it is. The
idea, however, is fur from being new.
The following story of the first nub
marine is- told In TJrettfe Kvonts in tho
History ot North and Houth America,"
a work compiled, by Charles A, Cloud!
rich and published: in 1H01:
The Way It Was Mado.
During the year 1777,. David Bush
noil, a native of Connecticut made
sovenil attempts to blow up the shijis
of tho enemy, by means ot turpedoes..
This mode of warfare had employed,
his. thoughts during, his collegiate
course,, so that on graduating in 177.1,
his plana Were in a good degree ma
tured. An account of some of his early
plans ho gave to tho world himself. Tho
following is a description of his cele
brated torpedo: "It horo n rosem
blnuco to two upper tortoise shells of
equal sizes, placed in- contact, leaving
at that nnrt which- representa the head
of tho animal, a flue or opening suffi
ciently capacious to contain, tiio oper
ator, ami air to support him thirty min
utes. At the bottom, opposite to the
entrance, waH placed a quantity of
lead for. ballast. Tho operator sat up
right, and held an oar for rowing for
ward or baekwnrd). and was furnished
with a rudder for steering. An aper
ture at the bottom with its valves ad
mitted water for the purpose of de
scending and two brass forcing pumps
served to eject the wntur within, when
neccssnr- for ascending. Tho vessel
was made completely water-tight, fur
nished with glass windows for the ad
mianion of light,, with ventilators and
nir-pipes, and was so ballasted with
lend fixed on the-bottom as to render
it solid, nnd obviute all danger, of over
setting! behind the null-marine vessel
was a place above tho rudder for carry
ing a Inrge powder magazine; tills wus
made of two pieces of oak timber,
largo enough, whon. hallowed out, to
contain one hundred nnd fifty pounds
of powder, with tho apparatus used for
firing it, and. was secured in its place
by a screw- turned, by tho operator. It
was lighter than water, no that he
might rise against the object to which
it was intended to bo fnstoiiedl
IU Fin. Try-Out.
"Within tho uuiKUzino wan an1 ap
paratus constructed to run nay pro
posed period under twelve hours; when
it had run out its time, it unpinionel a
strong lock, resembling a gun-lock,
which gnvo firo to tho powder. This
apparatus was so pinioned, that it
could not possibly move, until,, by past
ing off tho magazine from tun vessel,
it was sen In motion. The skillful op
erator could swim so low on, tho sur
face of tho water, ns to approach very
near tho ship lu the night, without
fear of being discovered, and might, if
ho choso, approach toe stem or stern
abov. water, with very li I tlo danger.
Ho could sink very quickly, keep lit
any necessary depth, and row great
distance In, any direction ho desired,
without oomiifg to tho surface. When
he rose to the top, ho could soon ob
tain nt fresh supply of air, nnd; if nec
essary, descend again- and pursue bis
(TTTWE WILL OPEN TOMORROW
oJal 12:30 and will dispose of
our entire stock at once. Every
thing must go some goods are
damaged by smoke and some
by water. Clothing. Shoes, Hats,
Furnishings, Traveling Bags, etc.
at enormous reductions, and
' --r V
With' a torpedo of tho above eon'
structioii) Bushncll nmdo an experi
ment on the Kagle, a sixty-gar. ship,
jthen- lying in the harbor of New Tork,
nnd' under command of Lord Howe.
A sergeant of one of tho Connecticut
regiments, conducted tiio operation,
(ienernl I'utiiam, standing on tho wharf
was a witness the proceeding.
Tho- Torpedo Worked.
The sergeant; having under cover of
night proceeded to the ship, attempted
to fasten the torpedo' to her bottom
by means of a screw; But in this- he
foiled, striking; ns ho supposed, a bar
or bolt of iron, wlnclt resisted tho
cre,w. In. attempting to movo to an
other place, iio passed from undor the
ship, and soon rose to tho surface By
thi tiinn, daylight had so far advanced
as to make any further experiments
luiKnrdous, Ho therefore concluded to
return to. New York. On passing (lov
ernor's Island, supposing himself dis
covered, by tho British sUitioned thorn,
he caNt ott. his inaua.inn, and proceeded
without it. Tlio internal apparatus was
pet to run ono hour; nt the expiration
of which, it blew up, in n tromenduous
oxplosic.ii, throwing u vast column of
water to a groat height, to tho no
small, wonder of tho enemy.
This experiment was followed In the
courso of the year by nn attempt from
a whaling-boat nvniiiHt the frigato Cer
elms, off New London. Tho oxpedient
adopted in this case wan to draw a
machine, loiduil with powder, against
her side by means of a line, to he ex
ploded1 ny n won lock. But failing to
attach itself as intended, agninst the
frigate, it becamo attached to a schoon
er, at anchor astern of tho frigate,
which, on exploding, it demolished.
Commadoro Tolls of It's Work.
In a letter addressed to Hir 1'eter
,1'arker, by Commodore Himmons, at tho
time of the ox plosion on board tho I 'cr
etins, he gave an account of this singu
lar disaster. Being at anchor to tho
westward of tho town with a schooner
which he had taken, about eleven o'
clock in tho evening ho discovered a
lino towing astern from tho bows. Ho
believed some person had been veered
nway by it, and immediately began to
haul in. A sailor belonging to the
srhooncr biking it for a fishing lino,
laid hold of it, nnd drew it in about
fifteen, fathoms. It was buoyed up by
small pieces tied' to it at regular dis
tances. At tlio ond of tho rope a ma
chine was fastened, too heavy for ono
man to pull up, for it oxenodud one
hundred pounds in weight. Tiio oilier
peoplo of the schooner coming to his
assistance, they drew it upon tlio deck.
While tho mon, to gratify their curios
ity, were examining the innehino, it ex
ploded, blew- tho vessel into pieces andj
set her on fire. Three men wero killed,
and a fourth blown into tho water,
very, much injured. On subsequent ex
amination, tho other part of the llnej
was' tllscovereil hiioyod up in tlio same
mnnner j this tlio enmmnilnra ordered
to bo instantly cut away, for fear (as
ho termed It) of hauling up another of
' The above mode of warfnro cannot
but be considered too- shocking and In
human to be encouraged by civilized
k .. . j, : ,
t in ml i'ii rumiiilninni Mini frim -'-'-ini
nations, nn I we do not; regret that tho
experiment of itushncll, and the mon
recent experiments of Fulton, fnilcft.
But it is said, that the failure of his ef
forts caist a deep and permanent glouiu
over tho mind oft Hiishnell.
SEATTLE'S DEATH RATE LOW.
- Seattle, Wash., Dec. 21. Seattle has
broken its own. low death rato record,
according to Health Commissioner Me-1
Bride, who is making ready his unniiul
report for 1915.
Tho healthiest spot in tho United
states for several years, the coinmis-1
sioner says tho-death rate for tho cur
rent year will toll below 8.0 por
Last year it established tho record
of H.l per oenh,
That "Avenging' Conscience," the
D, W. Griffith wonder picturo which
opened at the Oregon theatre last night
is- tho most costly photo-play which lias
over boen seen in lialoin, is declared by
"Avenging Conscience" Is declared
bv Mr. Griffith to bo a greater picture
that "Tho Birth, of a Nation." Grif
fith says: " It is my supremo achieve
ment and is- two-years ahead of tho art
of motion picturo photography."
M.if. .mlv m. fhna In tlwi .mat nf
"Avenging Conscienoo" every stur np-1
pouring in "Tho Mirth, of a Nation,"!
but .MIks Zlancho Hwoet will bo seen
in nun 1 1 inn.
This remarkable photo play Is a pic-tiii-iiratimi
of Edgar Allen I'no's hooks
and poems, particularly "Tho Telltale
Heart" and ''Annabel Lea."
Not only vlidi Avenging Conscience
break attendanco records at tiio lleillg
theatre, Portland, where it ran a full
week, but at the Molborno theatre, Ho
attic, whero larger crowds saw it than
witnessed "The Birth of a Nation."
At the Htrand thentro, Now York, it
ranfor weeks, nt prices ranging from
$'1 down. Baltimore paid il.'ii) to see
it, Chicago audi many other eastern
cities the snme num.
The ftato rights are owned by Orton
15. Goodwin and Hid Itiiuin, who are as
serted to havo paid a tremendous prico
for tiio picture,
The cast of stars- Includes: ITenry B.
Walthall, Blancho Hweot, Muo Marsh,
Ralph Lewisf Hubert Harroa, Josephine
Crowcll, George riicginiiu and HpotlrV
GRAND 2SEu1 FRIDAY
MALL ORDERS NOW
The. World's Greatest Actor
Lower Floor $:!, fl.00,
Balcony $1.50, $1.00; Gallery 75o
f- - 1.-.-
Cars for any time, of day or
Good' Garngo in connection for
storage of cars.
Reasonable Bates. .
SALEM TAXI CO.
OPEN ALL NIGHT.
216 State Street.
Parents Badly Burned
Their Son Is Cremated
Seattle, Wash., Dec. 20. W. A. (lloa
son, an ongineer Cor tho Seattle port
(lOinniissinn nml liia witV urn oitl't',.ii,,r
today from frightful burns und mourn
ing ina (icatn ot tfteir 3 year old son,
MortlUl. Wlm W11H f-rimi!i.l In liia h.i.l
Sunday evening whilo tho parents
fought bravely but unsuccessfully to
savo him from the firo which destroyed
The .ro started from an overhuUnl
stove after the child had been sonD to
bed Sunday evening. Both parents, at
tempted to bent out the fliiims but
failed; Thoy were unaware that' tho
firo had reached tho uppor portion of
tho house, but when they attempted to
got their child they wero driven back
by tho heat. Kcvcral times they tried
unsuccessfully to get through tho wall'
of flame. Tho hoaso stood in a thickly
populated district and a storm of pro
test, was raised becuuso of tho absence
of firo plugs near enough to the hoaso
to be of material use.
Don't malta Junk of It, if use-
ful try Journal New Today.
Over 5000 times In England
and America Most remark
able riuy of this generation..