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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1915)
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SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1915
TEUTONIC ALLIES CRUSH
Trap Is Being Steadily and Remorselessly Closed Mon
astir Now On Verge CapturePossibility of Declar
ation of War Betwee n aly and GermanyRussia Be
lieved To Be Preparin "o Send Large Force Into the
Forty More Are Injured, Some
of Them Fatally, Near
Berlin, Nov. 20. Their ranks alrend.
badly weakened by captures and priva
tions, the Serbians today are fighting
to escape complete crushing by the
But the Teutons steadily, remorse
lessly, arc closing their trap on the
I'luiu of the Black Bird in western
Herbia, while the remnants of the
northern Serb army seek to make their
way into Montenegro. Meantime the
Austrians are driving southward to
help their Bulgar allies expel the forces
of the eutento powers.
With Scutari, reported now as the
locatiou of Serbian government offic
ials after shifting from pillar to post,
there is n possibility of some aid from
thnt direction for the Serb forces, but
experts here believe that the Serbs will
lie cornered and slaughtered before they
cnn either dash across the Montenegrin
frontier or receive this desired succor.
The battle about Trilep, in southern
Serbia, still rages. .
Mouastir is on the verge of capture.
Possibility of a declaration of war
between Italv and Germany is fore
seen in the dispatch of Italian forces
to tho Balkan campaign.
Reports indicate that Italy is pre
pared to send at least 40,000 men there.
Meantime, the action of Russia is be
ing closely watched. The belief is grow-
X that she has determined to land a
ivy force in the Balkan in an effort
urn the scale against the Teutons.
Austrian forces operating on the
Plain of the Black Bird have reached
a point south of Mitrocitza to Vucurn.
Herman forces are trying to relieve the
pressure resulting frtvn the increase or
allied forces in the nrdar valley.
Meantime, Berlin confidently be
lieves that a.few days more will sco de
velopments ot importance in tne tei
binn theatre another victory for her
arms, nioro striking than she has yet
. Greece Backs Allies.
Taris, Nov. 2(1. As a sequel to set
tlement of the Grecian diplomatic
crisis, the allies arc landing further
forces at Salonika, according to re
ports today, in the assurance that they
will not be molested.
Kxperts here believe, however, thnt
tho allies do not intend to attempt an
extensive sweep in Serbia, instead, it is
thought, thy will swing northeast from
V skub in south central Serbia to Sofia.
Communications, with Constantinople
can be cut there as readily as any
where, and in addition to achieving this
aim, the allies would have the advant
age of striking at the vitals of Bulgaria.
Hot Springs, Ark., Nov. 20. Thir
teen persons are known to have been
killed and 40 injured six probably fa
tally as the result of a tornado which
ripped through the territory immedi
ately east of here late yesterday ac
cording to advices received today.
The twister cut a path a quarter or
a mile wide and tour miles long
througn the district nearby, but skip
ped Hot Snrings proper without dam
The nroperty damage is estimated t
Tho funnel-shaped storm moved om
inously through a fertile tanning dis
trict and fears were entertained for a
time that the toll would be even vast
er than is already known. Doctors
from here have gone to t'ao aid of suf
The rescue parties from here worked
nil night in a terrific rainfall. In
jured persons were brought here this
forenoon for treatment and temporary
shelter was arranged ior the homeless.
Tho Crowder and Tenner families
wero oither killed and wounded when
their homes collapsed.
Grave apprehension Is felt for Sev
ern! towns, as wire communications
with them is cut. off. Automobile par
ties set out this forenoon, however, to
make their way over aeons-strewn
roads to learn tho fate of these places.
FORD IS ACTIVE
Rumors of Mistrial Are Heard
Because Juror Talked
NORWEGIAN CAPTAIN IS
Forecast of the Findings of Increase of Internal Revenue
Coroner's Jury Shown by
Ravensdale, Wash., Nov. 20. It is
reported today that the coroner's jury
investigating the explosion in the
Northwest Improvement company's
mine here two weeks ago, which killed
thirty-one miners, will find the explo
sion was caused by a miners open lump
igniting a pocket of gns. There had
been doubt as to whether a gas pock
et or a premature blast was responsible
for the tragedy.
The finding of a dead miner with his
lamp open and the body in such a po
rtion as to indicate the explosion orig
inated in a peak in tho roof of tho
third level, led to the jury's findings.
Coroner Miison has subpoenaed be
tween 50 and 100 witnesses to testify
nt the inquest nevt Wednesday, at
which time an effort will be made to
fix the blame for the presence of such
a bodv of ens in the mine.
Families of the dead miners have
been extended credit at the company's
;tore until further notice.
The United Mine Workers announce
Unit the relief fund has reached $'21100.
Prosecution Would Show
I.os Angeles, Cnl,, Nov. 20. Further
clashes between the defense and the
prosecution in tho M, A. Schmidt mur
der trial marked tho opening of the
case today when Kdward Field Clark,
alleged dynamiter, took the stand to
further corroborate tho testimony of
I'at Dugnn, tending to show that a nation-wide
dyunniitc conspiracy existed,
Auto Manufacturer Conferred
At Baltimore With Card-
His Vessel Was Chartered to
Take Supplies to Kron
Taxes Planned by Secre
Washington, Nov. 20. The adminis
tration will doilgo n bond issuo if pos
sible in getting funds for its increased
military program and for its other mu
nitions of needed dollars.
In issuing to the public a "sugges
tion" that increused internal revenue
taxation provide udditionnl moneys
Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo de
nied this is a "program," but politic
ians said today ho plainly meant that
congress should "take the tip" and art
He suggested that lowering the ex
emption on income tuxes for single
persons from :i,000 to 42,000; for mar
ried persons 4-1,500 to 4.1,000 would be
ono excellent means of getting more
money. At the same time, he would
have' income taxes nbove a certain
point increused. Rentention of the em
ergency "war tax" and the sugar duty
along "with taxation of gasoline and
other soni luxury eomivodlties is favor
ed. McAdoo estimated thnt the conn-
trv will need 41 12,S001I4 additional
revenue in 117, including the 4M.N0U.
000 required by tho preparedness program.
with J. J. McXnmnra at Its head and
Schmidt as a co-conspiratnr.
District Attorney Woohvine sprung a
surprise when he stated that Ortie K.
McMiinignl, stur defense witness, who
tho prosecution expects to definitely
connect Hchmldt with the McNumnrus.
would not be called to the stand for
two weeks. He was expected to take
the stand early this week.
Washington, Nov. 20. Signed state
ments from officials high up in the
governments of both the allies and tho
central powers, declaring that they are
ready for pence, are in his hands, Hen
ry Ford announced today upon arriv
ing here for a conference witii Presi
"Folks who sny my plan is foolish
have tho greatest surprise of their lives
coming, 'lucre is both material and
other evidence thnt. wo will succeed,"
he snid apropos of his plan to start a
pence ship to Europe to attend ft peace
" '0111 of tho trenches by Christ :
mas' has become our slogan, I can
say most seriously that it is not an
empty boast." he continued.
Ford announced that he is prepnrcd
to spend "one, two, three or as many
millions as are needed to conduct an
auti-prepnredness program in America,
and that bo will open an office in
Washington for that purpose.
He plans to telegraph every univer
sity in the United States to ask them
to mime tho faculty member or student
who has done the greatest peace work
within the university, so that this per
son may bo added to the pence surp
Apropos of the prepnrodncss subject,
I' Old said:
"America is proposing to build up
such a svsiem as other nations avow
thev are trying to destroy by this
He planned to visit Supreme Justice
Hughes late this nflcmoon, and Cardin
al Gibbons at Baltimore this evening.
He returns to iNcw 1 oik tomorrow to
take personal charge of peace endeavors.
New Yor, Nov. 2fl.-rDespite rumors
of a mistrial, the case charging flam
burg-American directors witn customs
violations in supplying German com
inerce raiders, and linking German At
tache Boy-ed therewith, was resumed
here today. The prosecutor denied that
the government had evidenco that one
juror was iindesirnblo bocauso of state
ments he had made. ,
Olnf Neilsen testified that lie com
manded the Norwegian vessel Nepos
when the Hamburg-American officials
chartered ner. The supercargo of the
vessel Philadelphia introduced Neilsen
to the defendant llereineister.
"The supercargo told me thnt we
were to sail to Tenerjffo and meet cor
tain ships at sea," Nelson testified. "I
was told that 1, wnJjd. receive $1,000
gratuity and protect. ,n if anything
The real purpose of tho Nepos, how
ever, Neilsen declared, was to meet the
German raider Kron Prinz Wilhelm
later intered at Newport News.
'Hut our cargo of coal caught tire,"
he explained, "and tho ship was dam-
asied. We sold the cargo nt Teneriffe,
and the home -.,'fico then notified pic
that the charter was cancelled.
'Supercargo Floror told me not to
worry, for the German consul and the
Hamburg-American line would protect
me if the Nepos was seized.
Over omections of tne defense,
Chief Kngineer John Olseu wus allowed
to testify that a customs officer was
coming to examine tho Qucsznda's pa
pers at Pernnmbuco wiien captain
Suhrun threw them overboard in a
"Tho captain asked tne if l had seen
the'triek he pulled," said Olseu. "Ar
terwards I saw the papers in the cus
toms office. Sailors had got a shark
and cut him open, after which they
found tho papers Inside the animal."
By William 0. Shepherd.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Monastir, Nov. 23. (Delayed.)
Sedbia is starving.
Even her animals, fleeing before the
invaders, are dying of hunger along the
roadsides and up .the steep mountain
In large areas there has been no
food for days. Great packs of dogs are
prowling, like wild animals, in search
of food. The world has developed no
scenes of greater borrow. The Nish
MJonastir road is a highway of agony,
more dreadful than the corpse-strewn
trails of the old Klondike. It is lined
with dead horses, fntersnersed with hu
man bodios dead from exhaustion and
Bofugecs are streaming in hero, semi
delirious from privations or hysterical
ly joyful at reaching safety.
After a 20 day trip from Nish, Ma
dame Slavko Groiych said to me today:
"Even the horses wo rode were
starving. Some of them fell exhausted
and died before our eyes. We were
members of a government party, but
most we could get to eat daily was a
scanty halt loaf of bread.
"Other women and children, as well
as men, dragged along each day foot
by foot, with little or nothing to eat.
Women who had fallen ill from lack of
nourishment, lay beside the road to
die surrendering-their children to .the
care of strangers.
"Only a narrow horse trail through
Albania now leads to Serbia since the
Bulgars cut the railroad line. The same
road supplies Montenegro and Albania,
we are facinc starvation, too.
"But the happenings in Serbia make
the blackest page in history."
M. Michotte de Welle, Belgian min
ister to Serbia, a -member of Mme.
Groivch's partv corroborated her story.
"Before I left," he said, "I offered
the servants money. They cried 'We
can't eat gold," they said, 'For God's
sake have vou no bread 1'
"One night we beard the wild scream
of a man along a mountain road. We
learned afterward that he had boon
murdered ior a little chunk of bread.
"Serbia is looking to America for
relief. Germany must let America help
these people. They are cut off from
the world and they will starve by tho
thousands unless thoy are fed soon."
Upon arrival here, Mudamo Groiych
wired the Rockefeller relief organiza
tion, asking for aid for the stricken
Food is extremely scarce at Mona
stir. Even the hospitals lack fuel, and
tho fall of the city is cxpocted very
soon. In such an event, tiousnnds of
fugitives en route here will be caught
on the jNish trail without food and with
no refuge except tho mountains. !
Only a miracle can save them.
AMERICA TO BREAK
ALL FORMER RECORDS
FOR FOREIGN TRADE
Fire Killing Many
LOST IN BREAKERS
Return Chilean Ship Dashed to Pieces
On Rock--Bound for Coast
Evidence May Be Withheld.
New York, Nov. 20 Hints circulated
today that the state department at
Wasiungtou is seemng to put a -muii-
ler" on evidence tending to involve
German Attache Boy-ed in the charges
of customs violations aguiust Hum-burg-American
(Continued on Page Two.)
T 111 EAST
Retirement From Dvina Line
Indicates End of
GERMANS REPORT TELLS
OF ADVANCE IN SERBIA
Lord Kitchener Arrives At
Rome From Dardanelles
London, Nov. 26 Convinced that the
general German retirement from the
Dvina line, marks abandonment of Teu
tonic hopes of capturing Biga befora
spring, military experts' are interested
today concerning the choice the Ger
mans will make for their winter lino-.
That they have already .prepared
trenches and entanglements to tho rear
is likely, but how far back is not
Tho breakdown of the Gorman of
fensive is attributed to an increase ot
Russian munitions to German shortage,
and to the weakening of the Gcnaian.
line for reinforcing the Balkans.
Press reports today said that evacua
tion of Mitau is under way, and thnt
great linos of trenches, hidden by
miles of barbed wire, aro building in
the rear, whilo further back field rail
way lines are being thrown up to con
nect with the center of Germany.
By Perry Arnold.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
Washington, Nov. 20. By the end of
the year, America will probably have
all the world 's foreign trado records
Exports, according to estimates to
day, will probnblv reach the enormous
total of 41,000,000,000, thus surpassing
the grentest year, (I rent Britain, mis
tress of the sens, ever had.
Nor Is this romnrknblo prosperity
record evanscent In the opinion of Sec
retary of Commerce Redfield. He scout
ed the possibility of a bail slump In the
figures nfter the war, due to the ah-nonce-of
heavy munitions exports which
fur mouths have swollen this country's
"We should look beyond the Immedi
ate causes and efforts and into the fit
ture," he said. "Forelgu nations nft
er the war will come to us for muchin
cry, steel, rnllrond'stock and other sup
plies. ' '
Naturally, he pointed out, these de
mands will mean a continuance of tlx;
nation's remurkablo export trade of tlx
The bureau of foreign and domestic
commerce announced that for the year
ended with October the United Slates
Imported 1.fil'l,74H,01.1 worth of Roodi
or nearly 4200,000,000 worth less than
in the preceding year. In this way,
tho account stands preponderantly on
tho right tide of tho AuiCiican ledger,
Preparing for Conference.
New York, Nov. 2(1. Henry Ford
went to Baltimore todav to confer with
Cardinal Gibbous and to invite him to
embnrk on Ford's "pence ship" bound
for hiiropc in mi el tort to end the war,
If the cardinal cannot do so, Ford will
ask for approval of the lord peace con
ference so that Catholics from neutral
nations can support the movement.
Afterward, Ford will go to Washing
ton to nccompany Mine. Schwimmer,
foreign pence advocate, to see I'resi-
dent Wilson and present ' resolutions
which the women's pence conference
nt The Hague adopted recently.
Just who will constitute the passen-
Sers aboard the pence ship is in doubt,
at- Ford is anxious to nave a large
representation of state governors.
Two Nations Beady.
Washington, Nov. 20. Two neutral
nations nro ready to net now for crea
tion of a pence congress of nil neutrals,
Madame Schwimmer, Hungarian peace
advocate, said today she would inform
President Wilson in their conference.
She snid she would present material
evidence thnt the belligerents are tired
of the struggle and thnt they are only
awaiting the invitation of neutral coun
tries to discuss pence terms.
Meantime, neutrals are wnitlng upon
the president's approval before assum
ing the Initiative. She intimated thnt
the president, conferring recently with
Henry Ford, gave him no favorable
answer to tho request that he sanction
some kind of a neutral conference. She
declared tho wcoieu pcuco advocates
Germany Gives Up
Expectation of Levying
Great War Indemnity
By J. W. T. Mason.
(Written for tho United Press.)
New York, Nov. 20. An indication
that Germany doubts her ability to im
pose an indemnity on the entento al
lies in the event of pence is contained
in Berlin reports that new war taxes
are proposed. Hitherto Germany has
paid its war expenses on borrowed
Finance Minister Iiulfferieh stntcd
last August that there would bo no
levy of taxes before tho Indemnity
(lernianv would demand from con
conquered territory would be sufficient
to meet ' all her expenses. This state
tnnnt fii- ihivs biter caused British
Secretary of War Sir Grey to utter his
now ('unions remark, that so long as
Germany Is lighting for " supremacy
ami tribute, the war must go on."
Introduction of the tax bill in Ger
many Indicates thnt e prossing neces
sity 'has Hiisen, Hetlrenient from llelf-
ferich 's original promise that tho war
would be conducted on indemnities hns
caused much depression to the fright
ful cost to Germnnv young mnnnood
anil economic sacrifices, the burden of
taxes will be added. This may be
come the final straw which will break
(Continued oa Faga Three.)
t THE WEATHER I
IS OAty A MOfiJh
night and Satur
day fair south
and east por
portion j colder
tonight east por
Nognles, Ariz. Nor. ' 2(1. -Irnnken
Villa soldiors, returning after evacua
ting Nogales, started firing across the
border into American territory nt 11:30
The Twelfth United States infantry
returned tho fire, killing many and
clearing the streets. No one was
wounded on the American sido.
Batteries C and I), Sixth United
States field artillery, arrived here
shortly before noon and immediately
took up positions on tho border.
Tho Villista garrison is reported to
have been trapped by Obrcgon's Cor-
ranaistiiB four miles soutn or iNognies.
Heavy tiring is audible hero.
Colonel Sago himself ordcrcl the
American soldiers to fire on tho Vil-
listus. Ho was in command during tho
Dosultory firing across the lino con
tinues. Colonol Cardenas, commanding the
Cnrranzistas, swooped down on Nogales
this afternoon and took possession,
driving tho Bcuttored Vilistas to tho
Ho held a conforonce with Colonel
Sago and assured him that ordor would
bo immediately restored. Ho Immedi
ately sot about policing the city.
General iiell is duo hero tonight. lie
will take command of the American
troops. Tho Seventh and Twentieth
United States infantry will arrive later
in the day.
Nogales, Ariz., Nov. 20. Villa's en
tire garrison at Nogales, Honorn, evacu
ated today, completely looting the town
beforo thev left. Villa ordered the cur-
rison to join him outside of Ilermosillo
for a general attack upon thnt place.
General Acosta crossed into Ainericun
territory and joined Governor Hundnll,
wlio crno over during ine nig.ii.
All the Villista wounded were
brought ncross tho line and hundreds
of fiimilieo aro moving over In carts,
wheelbarrows and even enrrying their
household effects on their backs.
General Obrcgon's Ciirrnnz.ista force
is reported 12 miles out and expected to
occupy tho evacuated city before night.
Good order prevails in Nogales, Son
ora, sinco tho Villista troops evacuated.
Invaded by VllllBtaa.
Washington. Nov. 20. Thirty V"
llntiis. cursing United States Vice Con
sul Simpich and Custom Collector
Hardy, brandishing pistols and milking
a feint at nitncK invnnou ine i. mien
Htntes nt NobbIos under lead of l.olnne
Terrazas. General Funr.ton, United
States border commander, reported to
the war department today.
"Why they wore not shot, I do not
know," snid Funstnn, "unless It wns
because of tho suddenness of tho at
tack and tho fact that no responsible
officer wnn on the spot."
Later, said Funstnn, the Villista Gov
ernor Itnndnll apologized.
Fivo hundred Villisfns also fired on
the American troops nt Nognles bill
without American casualties. The
known Mexican casualties wero five.
Large reinforcements have been sent to
Nognles In view of this situation.
Victoria, B. C, Nov. . 20. Twenty
five men went to their deuth in the
raging sea and were hurled on the rocks
of Siliooner cove, on the west couBt of
Vancouver island when the Carol
Mnpu, Chilean full rigged four masted
ship, was bathtered to splinters in tho
utorin which swept the north Pacific
coast yesterday afternoon.
Sho went on the rocks nt 2 p. m. and
within thrco hours had boon pounded
into junk by mountainous breakers,
which swept her from stem to Btorn.
The crow never hud a chance. It was
impossible to liiunch the boats, and sui
cide to try for tho shore by swimming.
So they slung to tho rigging and
watched death racing toward them.
Tho C. P. B. steamer PrincoBs Ala-
quinnn Gillrtn, attempted to rescuo tho
doomed men, but the violenco of the
storm made it impossible for tho liner
to venture near enough to bo of any as
sistance. She dropped anchor, but with
(0 fathoms of chain out, tho heavy
breakers snapped it and smashed the
windlass. After a battlo with tho Beas
for two hours the Princess Jluquinna
gnvo up and stood by as tho waves
finished tho big iron windjammer.
Tho Carol Mnpu was captained by
Captain Desolmes. Sho was formerly
the British ship Kinross. Built nt Liv
erpool In 1H77, sho wus one of a fast
disappearing type of windjammor. Her
capacity was 1,202 tons net.
Her owner is Oelckers Hermanns, and
her place of registry Valparaiso.
Schooner cove and tho adjoining
coast of Vancouver island is known as
"the gruveyard of the Pacific" be
cause of the numerous shipwrecks which
have occurred there.
A Cunadinii lifesnvlng crew is sta
tioned ut Ucliielet, near tho sceno of
tho wreck, and u lil'esnving power boat
hurried to tho -Mnpu's rescue yesterday,
but it was unable to get much closer
than did the Princess MiKpnniia.
Advance In Serbia.
Berlin, Nov. 20 "The Germans bavo
repulsed the enemy's rear guard west
of tho Sienitza rivor," suid today's
This indicates that tho invaders aro
pursuing tho Serbs toward Montenegro
for the river is west of tho Pluin of
the Block Bird in western Serbia, near
tho Montenegrin frontier The Serbians
wore driven across the river when tho
Teutons took tho Mitorvitza-Pristina
Kitchener at Rome,
Borne, Nov 20. Karl Kitchener ar
rived hero today atfor his Ureeiun and
Gallipoli visitations. Following a con
ference with Premier Salaadra and also
tho war minister, ho will probably
meet tho king and General Cudorna ut
tho Austro-ltuLinn front,
Iu view of the allies' anxioty to se
ouro ltuliun aid in the Balkans, grout
importuuee is attached to Kitchener's
presence here. It had not even been
known that ho intended to visit Ituly.
c Austrian Trenches Taken.
London. Nov. 20. More Austnuu
trenches on Mount Calvario, overlook
ing the beleaguered city of UoriU, hav
boon cupturcd ny ine iiauaus sum iu
duy's official sltacmcnt.
This did not mention, nowevor, mo
ronortcd fall of Giiritz, honco stories of
its capture are disbelieved.
German Cruiser Sunk.
Potl'ognid, Nov. 20. The Gcitnan
cruiser Fraiinelob sank in tho Bultic si
multaneously with tho Undine, which
was suuk by tt British submarine re
cently, it waa semi-officially stated to-
Tbo Fraunelbo, of 2,072 tons, carried
rinal Issue Is Near.
Douglas, Ariz., Nov. 20. The Honora
situation was rapidly evolving Itself to
day preparatory to a final decislvo is
sue to determine tli supremacy of Car
ranza or Villa.
Continued on Fatfe Five.)
Boport Oorltz Fallen.
London, Nov. 20. Heports that Gor
iU had t'ullen under the relontless bom
bardment of tho ltaliun"Tirtillory wero
unconfirmed today. Latest accounts in
dicated that the defondors wore in ex
tremely desperate straits, however, sw
that the citplure of the city was con
sidered only a question of time.
Holy War Against Freuch.
Berlin, by wireless to Sayvlllo, L. I.,
Nov. 20. f A holy war against tho
French in Algiers hus been culled, ac
cording to Constuntinoplo udvicoa to
day. Many Arab chief tuius wero said
to bo responding.
Big Russian Loon,
Toklo, Nov. 20. Tho Russo-Asiatio
bunk today advertised a big loun with,
tonus equivalent to 14 per cent, ro-
deemablo at the end or iu yours.
Russians Are Repulsed.
Berlin, Nov. 22. Russian aesaults on
tho northern section of tho eastern
front wero repulsed, the war offico au
POLICE OrFICEB DIES
Th' hardest )ob o' all Is doln' noth
in' vit ther's no fnllin' off in th'
wait i n ' list. Soiuo fellers bulu't got
nothiu' but A dresi suit.
Snn Francisco, Nov. 20. Police Cor
poral Frederick Cook early today suc
cumbed to the bullet wound inflicted
during a running fight with bandits
who robbed tho Clureinont cufo o few
days ago. Discovery of a trail of
blood near tho scene of the holdup
today led police to uieliexo one or mot
of tiio bandits wus wounded.