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About Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1915)
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SALEM, OREGON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1915
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rfif "(I A fti
ALLIES ARE SMASHING
HARD AT GERMAN LINES
Tide of War Turns 0a West Front and Germans Are Driv
en Back AH Along Line- -French Make Heaviest Gain In
Champagne Section But English Advnce In Vicinity of
Lens Italy Claims Successes Against Austrians In Alps
-Russans Hold German Invaders In Check
By Ed L. eeo.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
London, Sept. 27. The tide of war
lias turned to the allies on every front.
The greatest artillery battle in his
tory is blowing sections of the Oerman
trenches along the Franco-Flanders
front to bits. The allies terrific- new
drive is smashing toward the railways
liy means of .which the Teutons hold
Helgiuni and northern France. Oerman
losses since Saturday are believod to
Meantime, the czar, too, has halted
the Oermnns. Field Marshal Vin Hin
ileuberg has been tmlsed in his at
temps at Dviusk and Riga. Along two
third of. their front, the Russians are
on the offensive, recapturing villages,
nud taking enormous numbers of pris
oners. Jtaly, likewise, claims fresh successes
tgaiiist the Austrians. .
.Serbian artillerv is holding up the
A ustro-Gerraau advances in the Balk
mis. And, more significant still Bulgaria
if) hesitating to dnsh intothe war, sup
posedly on the Teutonic side, accord
ing to Athens dispatches, while the al
lies are gaining these fresh victories.
J.ondon newspapers today, however,
ask moderation from the enthusiastic
British public. They pointed out that
the allies probably have suffered very
heavily. Further, they hinted that this
re-awakerrcd activity is perhaps only a
"feeling out" process, preliminary to
the real offensive.
The terrific battle from Arras to the
HOa and in the Champagne raged unin
terruptedly Sunday and last night, and
Htill continues. The allied batteries
nre deluging the German works with
blasting fire. This is accompanied by
unparalleled baud to ttand bayonet at
tacks. Thousands of dead and wounded are
Hinothered amid the burning ruins of
Souchez which ia now entirely France's
after weeks of see-saw bitter strug
gling. Other thousands of unburied
dead He on the slopes of Hill 70, cap
tured by the impetuuus British charge.
Trenches which the French captured in
the Argonne are choked with mangled
Reinforcements are being rushed by
the Germans through Belgium to Lens.
A frightful fire was poured upon'the
British on the height's west of I.ens to
prevent them from bringing up their
Bitter fighting for Hill 70 is expect
ed, if it has not already begun, because
this position dominates Lens, two miles
way. Two days hammering at this
position marked the struggle before the
British stormed the hill. In the face of
a withering fire they are digging them
selves into the sum .-ft, preparing to
meet the Teutonic counter attack.
About Loos, wheiti the Germans ad
mitted a reverse, they are "now deal
ing a heavy counter attack.
The fields west of Lille, the brick
yards west of LaBaasee, and the rolling
plains north of Arras are being swept
by the fire of shrapnel, machine guns
It is believed here that the fifteen
mile advance in the Champaue is pre
liminary to a violent smash to force the
German crown prince out of his posi
tions before Verdun, General .Toff re,
commander iu chief of the French
forces is aiming at the Betancourt rail
way, behind the German lines.
The gigantic renewed offensive, re
placing the previous months of "nib-
lealooslw either makes a brut or a
gornie of a feller. Lafe Bud iay he'd
father sot have any money If he didn't
'ok like It.
bling" at the German lines, is the sole
topic of conservation in London today.
Social distinctions have been swept
aside iu a wave of patriotism. News
papers gave prominent display to the
allied successes ,and simultaneously
urged more recruiting and greater ef
forts in the production of munitions.
Berlin, by wireless to Sayville, L. T.,
sept. it. strong- counter attacks by
the Germans have brousht the British
offensive south of Lille, to a complete
sinnusiiu, todays otuciat statement
The French continued their desperate
assaults against Souchez and Arras yes
terday and last night but were repulsed
neavuy, mo statement said.
Berlin, by wireless to Sayville, L. I.t
Sept. 27. Unconfirmed reports reach
ing here today said Bulgaria has sen
an ultimatum to Serbia. The alries;
diplomats are reported preparing to
Berlin, by wireless to Sayville, L. I.,
Sept. 27. An Austrian submarine Bank
a i'rench transport of five thousand
tons in the Libyan sea, en route to
Cyprus, according to an Athens dis-
paten today. .
Amsterdam. Sent. 27. Kaiser Wil-
ielm is preparing to move his head
quarters from the eastern front to Lux-
emberg, becauso of developments on the
western iron, according to Berlin dis
Berlin, via London, Sept. 27. Ger
man aircraft bombarded Russian war
shins in the (Inlf of Riim witli !.
lent effect, it was officially stated to-"
uay. ine snip was nit squarely where
upon the others stenmed northward. I
Bucharest, Sept. 27. Rumania will
iiui uriier general mouinstatioii as a re
sult of Bulgaria's mobilization, it was
semi-officiallv stated todav. "Th min.
istry is unanimous in the belief that
new developments in the situation are
not of a nature to cause Rumania to
modify her present policy," it was
stated. "Troops already mobilized
will remain concentrated on the fron
tier." London, Sept. 27. Hostile aviators
tnrow bombs on Peeron, killing and
wounding several women and children,
it was officially stated today.
Anderson, Cal., Sept. 27. Three hun
dred mule and sixty horses vnlued at
."0,000 will arrive here tonight from
Lakeview, Oregon, for shipment to San
Francisco. From there they will be
transported to Kurope for the use of
tne allies in the European war.
Consolidation of Big
Steel Concerns Near
Philadelphia, Sept. T. Consolidation
of big steel corporations, one fostered
by the Morgau-Corey-Converse group,
the other by the Hcbwab-Dupont com
bination to control the American output
of munitions was believed today to be
Baldwin locomotive company officials
interested in war orders would not dis
cuss a report that the Schwab Dupont
group had acquired oontrol of their com-
fmny. The report was credited among
ligh authorities, however.
Five Thousand Clothing
Makers Strike In Chicago
Chicago, Sept. 7. Five thousand
clothing makers quit their benches this
afterlinon and 40,000 additional workers
will strike by this evening, according
to Sidney Hillman, their leader. Nu
merous arrests for loitering followed the
Fearing trouble, Chief Healey ordered
all available reserves to the garment
making district at the request of manu
HUNTINGTON W KILLED.
Binghnmton, N. Y, Sept. 27. Willaru
Huntington, California railroad man,
and nephew of Colli P. Huntington
was killed todav when his automobile
turned turtle at Otsego. Four com
panions were injured, but none fatally.
Huntington's car tipped over an
embankment as be turned out to avoid
hitting a milk wagon.
Huntington, a brother of Henry E.
Huntington, was resident of San
Francisco. He had spent the summer
la the East. '
ANQ RACES Sli
FAIR OPENING DAY
Adverse Weather Conditions
Cut Down Enthusiasm of
The ticket sale this morning was light
and only about 600 passed through the
"cash fare" gate but the Indications
were that the afternoon and evening at
tendance would be heavier. The races
as usual proved the largest drawing
card and this afternoon the grandstand
at the Loan Oflk track was inhabited
by a fair sprinkling of spectators.. The
muddy, heavy track made the time in
all of the races slow and the light
horses were seriously handicapped. .
Aside from the regular harness races
staged for the week's big racing pro-"
gram, one of the interest absorbing
features of the meet will be the Great
Western relay race for a total distance
of J2 miles, two miles of which will be
run every day. The entrants for this
race were participants iu the wild west
shows of the Northwest and the rivalry
between them is very keen, lichee some
rare excitement is sure to develop in
this contest in which the skill cdj the
riders in making the chnnge of mount
and saddle every half mile form an im
portant asset in winning the money.
The aeroplane did not fly this morn
ing on account of the adverse weather
conditions and the. impossibility of
starting on the muddy race track. The
flights will be made twice daily, how
ever, if the weather improves and the
race track dries off.
The Boys and the Girls camp of win
ners in the various industrial contests
that havo been held during the last
week in the various counties is begin
ning to fill up rapidly. Rossna Chnpin,
of Salem and Willie Vogt, also ot
Salem, were the two prize winners from
Marion county to the boys camp and
Ida Vogt, and Mnrgarcta Bahnsen,
both of Salem, were the prize 'winuing
girls who will partake of the hospitality
of the state fnir board. Mrs. N. (,'.
Marris, Mrs. L. P. Harrington and Mrs.
Ed Anderson, of Creswell, were the
women in charge of the girls camp and
Superintendent Wells of Jackson coun
ty has charge of the boys camp.
Many of the exhibits in both tho old
and new pavilions remain yet to be
placed in position and today approxi
mately one half of the new pavilion was
in shape for the opening day. The ex
hibitors and attendants kept up a mer
ry clatter of hammers and conversation
as they covered up the walls with cloth
and products and hung up their signs
for the benefit of the public.
STATE FAIR RACES.
In the races at the fair grounds this
afternoon, results were as follows:
Race No. J. Two year old trot, f irst
hent. Seawnfe. first: Honest Boy, sec
ond; Kdythe M, third; Salem Boy,
fourth; Zombronum, fifth. Time s:.tu.
Second heat. Senwafe, first; Edytjfl
M, second; Salem Boy, third; Honest
Bov, fourth; Zombronum, fifth. Time
In the above, every heat is a race.
Race No. 2. 2:10 pace. First heat.
Delmas, first; Allerdaw, second; Oro
Mo, third; Red llnl, fourth. Time 2:22.
Race No. 3. 2:24 trot. Called off.
AUSTRIA HAS NOT YET
Washington, Wept. 27. Calling today
at the state department concerning Aus
trian Ambassador Dumba 's request for
a "safe conduct," British Charge d 'Af
faires Bnrslay was informed by Acting
Secretnry of State Polk that Austria
has not recalled Dumba, as the United
PARIS IS EXCITED AT
NEWS OF VICTORIES
By William Phillip Sim.)
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
Paris, Sept. 27. Brilliant successes of
the allies in their new offensive the
past few days will not only relieve Run
sia, but -will have a wholesome effect
ou Bulgaria, tottering on the edae of a
war decision, officials here believed to
Paris was electrified by the news
from tne Champagne and Artoi dis
tricta. Newspapers were torn from the
vendors in the crowds' feverish haste to
learn the facts, Great thronirs either
ed everywhere, their faces beaming
with joy at the tidings the war office
announced, r.ven In the homes of the
men in the trenches, where heart of
women were torn by knowledge of the
righting, there was a feeling of relief.
Everyone appeared glad that the army
at last is on its big offensive, instead
of "nibbling" slowly, almost negligib
ly, at the Teuton lines.
Prisoners taken in the new drive will
begin to arrive tonight. Exhaustive
reports from the front told todav of the
quick dash of the allies, in the face nf
deadly machine gun fire, across the
open spaces to the ruins of Oerraaa
trenches, wrecked by days of steady
artillery shelling. ' i
At some points hundreds of Ueraasa,
II CHECK BY THE
Heavy Reinforcements Have
Plugged Weak Spots In
By Ed 1. Keen.
(United Press Staff Correspondent.)
London, Sept. 27. Thousands of re
inforcements brought up in the past
30' hours have plugged the weak spots
in the German line and has slackened
the momentum of tli gigantic re-awakened
Despite the most desperate efforts,
the allies have been unable to stem en
tirely the Gorman resistance, accord
ing to the Paris official statement to
day. " South of Lens and in the Cham
pagne region, Germans have checked
the allied charges along a wide front.
Midway between Anns and Lens the
French, however, made important pro
gress. Since Arras was re-ocenpicd a year
ago, the French have attempted to
reach the railway running from that
city, Douri and Valenciennes to the
German base. '
Paris reported foYlny they wero only
six miles away from this much coveted
ONE HE DEAD
Americans In Haiti Battled
With Native Rebels On
( . Sunday
Washington, Sept. 27. One United
States marine was killed and ten were
wounded in two fights Sunday in lluiti,
Admiral Capterlou reported to the navy
department today. Fifty two Haitien
rebels were killed and a number wound
' A force of rebels attacked the patrol
iu the vicinity of Hapt Dn Cop Sunday
and 150 engaged fifty mounted marines
under Captain Underwood In the vicin
ity of the Petit River.
Private H. P. Youngs of Portland,
Oregon, was among those Injured,
Sergeant John Piatt of Detroit, was
tne marine killed.
KEIR IIARDIE DEAD.
London, Sept. 27. Kcir Bar
die, British socialist, labor lead
er, is dead at Glasgow, the vic
tim of a broken heart.
While doctric certified to
day that pneumonia caused his
.death, his friends said that
worry and disappointment over
the socialist attitude toward
the war weakened him to that
ue was uiinbl eto overcome his
Ilardie hnd been opposed to
the war troin the beginning.
States ask, or it least no communication
to that effect hud reached the depart
stunned or unconscious from the con
cussion of giant explosions, were easily
captured by the onrusbing allien.
There was, however, no disposition to
overestimate the importance of this re
awakened activity. The populace real
izes that the war will probably lust a
year, no matter how successful the al
lies may bo fliis autumn.
But France never was more confident
that victory will be hers. ;
fair, cooler with
light frost interi
or west and very
heavy frost east
fair ami warmer,
except near the
.coast; and winds
Durant, Okla., Sept. 27. Ardinoro,
Oklahoma a city of 10,000 population,
30 miles went of here, was practically
wiped out today by aa explosion of a
carload of gasoline, according to ad
vices reaching here tins afternoon. At
least 20 persons are believed to be dead
and it is estimated that 100 ar in
jured. Flames have broken in several
wrecked buildinirs and are renorted m
be sweeped unchecked. Aid has been
asked from surrounding towns and re
lief trnins with physicians and nurses
are rushing to the scene.
Tho fninht depot and several build
ings adjoining, including a hotel, were
destroyed. Wires follow the Sunta Fo
railroad and are npaprently down.
Kesidents of Marietta, lis miles from
Ardmore, saw smoke and fire. Several
buildings are known to havo taken fire
and will probably be destroyed. The
hospital is filled with wounded. Latest
estimates are from. 15 to 18 dead.
The depot operator was reported to
be the only one of a group at the Ard
more station who escaped,
Tho big Whittington hotel collapsed
IS NOT ALARMING
By Carl W. Ackerman.
(United Press staff correspondent.)
' Berlin, Kept- 27. Though the allies
new offensive is marked by the heav
iest blows since the great Marno but
tle, they are leaving no deep impres
sion on the German line, officitils de
clined today. Only two sectors, thvy
said, have been beut.
After weeks of artillery preparation,
the enemy hus hurled countless numbers
of infantry into what is believed to be
the beginning of tho great, long herald
ed offensive. But tho ul lies' gains in
the pnst two days' assaults are not ns
important ns the crown princes' recent
successes in the Argouue, though he
used fewer than 50,000 troops to ac
complish his cuds.
Gurmnny has no apprehension over
tho new move. Berlin knows the
Btrength of her positions on the west
ern front, and does not fenr that the
HALF BILLION LOAN
Security Will Be Joint Anglo
French Notes Bearing
Five Per Cent
New York, Sept. 27. The allies' half
billion dollar loun Is almost an ac
Members of the commission arranging
it planned to leave here this afternoon
for Chicago to confer with western fin
ancial leaders. Whether these would
bo swung into line, in the face of re
ports of strong opposition from that
section was problematical. But, aside
from this, the commissioners apparent
ly had assurunc.es tnnt they will get
the half billion at an early date.
The loan, according ro present plans,
will be ou joint Anglo-French notes,
bearing a five per cent interest rate,
but netting the investor slightly more
through selling them at less than pur.
They will carry a conversion cluuse,
permitting holders to get either cash
or another series of bonds at mutur
Ity. The commissioners home governments
have approved the tentative terms, it
was said in authoritative circles.
The eommisioneu relieved that
through personal contact with the west
erners, they could insure a moro cor
dial reception for the loan tbun h
thus far been accorded the proposal,
Oo to Chicago.
New York, Sept. 27. Lord Reading,
Sir Kdward Holden, h'rnest Mellett, ami
Basil Blarkett accompanied by Thomas
Lament of J. P. Morgan k Co., left
here this afternoon on the Twentieth
Century Limited for Chicago to meet
western bankers aboirt the allies' .WO,
000,000 loan. They refused, however,
to discus detail of their visit or to
say how long they intend to stay.
Oonfrnc Is Planned.
Chleago, Sept. 27. Practically ery
big bank in Chicago represented to
day a, conference (Manning a recep
tion to the allied financial commission
er due her tomorrow, A special squad
from the force of tho explosion bury
ing all within. Several of the hotel
gucets are reported to have beeu killed
and fitty injured.
Kvery place on the Bouth side of
Main street for a distance of over a
block was reported wrecked.
Tho force of too explosion wrecked
every window in the city and was felt
tor lu miles. The cause of tho ex
plosion has not been determined.
Ardmore is 98 miles . north by east
of Fort Worth, Texas. It has cotton
eomprossos and lu the vicinity are ex
tensive coal mines and. asphalt beds.
It la tho seat of llnrgrnvo College.
Fifteen or Twenty Dead.
Oklahoma City, Okla., Sept, 27. Tel
ephone reports 'roiiv Ardmore this af
ternoon said 15 persons hail been killed
outright and So injured when a car of
gasoline nonr tiie Sunta Fe depot ex
ploited. Several fires resulting from tho
spreading of the burning oil have been
extinguished. The big Whittington
wholesale grocery is a total loss.
allies' mightiest cfuirts will shutter
Officials estimated that, despite their
gains, the allies had lost enormously in
The British objective Is Lille. The
Germans, it is officinlly stated, have
repulsed tho enemy except near Loos,
where tho exposed German forces hud
to rntiro to their second defonseji.
Moreover, tho German are playing
such a continuous file upon the grim
battle ground of Mouchex and its ceme
tery that tho enemy is unable to occupy
positions evacuated by tho Teutons.
The most important not result of the
offensive thus far for the allies hus
been the forced retirement of the Ger
mans for a mile and a half in the Per
thes region. But the kaiser's forces
are delivering heavy counter attacks
and may Tccnpturo this ground within
a short timo.
R, II. B.
Cleveland 9 13 8
New York 2 5 8
Mitchell ami O'Neill; Itussoll and
Alexander. Browns ropluced Himpcll.
it. a. k.
Chicago Y 8 7 2
Philadelphia 8 10 2
Scott and He.halk; Kcclos, Morrisette
and McAvoy, Perkins.
R. H. K.
Ht. Louis 4 0 1
Boston 8 10 1
Sisler and Agncw; Leonard and Car
rlgan. Weilinan replaced Sisler, Koob
R. H. E.
Detroit 7 10 2
Washington :. 5 7 8
Covuletki and Stanago; Doubling, Du
moot and Aliisniith.' VVellmuu replaced
First game R. R. E.
Cincinnati 2 0 2
Chicago 7 0 2
Goorgo and Wingo; Lavender and
Second game ' R. If. E.
Cincinnati .-. 17 1
Chicago ; 5 9 1
Schneider ami Wingo; Humphries
nnd Archer. Mellenry ropluced Schnei
der. No other National scheduled.
Ti H. R
Hnltlmdre 1 4 3
Kuiisa City 8 6 1
Black and Itussoll; Johnson and
R. H. K.
Newark 0 fl 0
Pittsburg 8 11 0
Sen ton and Kuriden; Kogge and O'
Connor. R. H. E.
Brooklyn 0 8 1
t'h'n'UOn tl 1 1 1
Wilson, Upliam and Smith; Iltilley
R. H. E.
! Buffalo 2 7 0
Ht. 1-ouis 8 5 0
Schulz and Allen; Crandall and
of detective have been provided to
guard the commissioner during their
visit. The conference today formally
denied that there would be any discus
sion of western participation In the
30,0iiu,uir0 proposed loan, and Insist
d their trln would l confined t "an.
1(1 A DESPERATE
Germans, Heavily Reinforced,
Try to Stem Allied
LOSSES ON BOTH SIDES
HAVE BEEN VERY HEAVY
For Hundreds of Miles Men
Fight With Bombs and
Paris, Sept, 27. French forces have
occupied sovorul more positions in the
furious battle raging hi the Cbampugno,
said the official communique today,
i he i'rench are attacking tho whole
Chnmpagno front, anil have taken pris
oner 300 officer.
Despite fierce counter attacks, the
French nro maintaining their Souchca
und Artois gains.
Iho Uorman armies have been rein
forced by thousand of the Chnmpuiiue
since tho French advanced on a fifteen
niilo front. The official statement ad
mitted that at niuny places the Teuton
nre successfully resisting the continued
French a'dvunco. Tho battle, it indicat
ed, is raging fiorcely,
Hundreds of 'high power explosive
shells nud shrapnel nro bursting along
tho lino between llricot and tho section
north of the Wucques farm. Uormuits "
uro muking a slushing bombardment,
evidently iu preparation ror a counter
At many points, both sides have
abandoned their rifles ami .are relying
ou a storm of bombs.- The spaces be
tween the opposing trenches are full nf
struggling figures, joined in deadly.
desperate hand to hand fighting.
The French havo mudo important
progress north of Thelua, and have
passed the edge of LaFolie on the Ar-rus-Lillu
road. -The Hermans are but
tling Htubhornly and are endeavoring
to develop a counter attnek.
A violent artillery duel is on south
Mouse nud Moselle is tho scene of an
intense bomb und artillery struggle.
Wind and ram in a heavy autumnal
storm havo halted the infantry conflict
in the Vosges.
. Say Offensive Checked.
Berlin, Via London, Sept. 27. With
their uiguutic drive along tho western
battle line scarcely more than started-,
the allies have been halted at practical
ly every point,' it was officially stated ,
today. Tne German have tukeu nearly
7,000 prisoners. '
Three onemy aviators reconnoiturlug
ubovo the Teuton lines were shot down.
The British onslaught at Lille, Loot
and Hons, brought to a standstill by n
raking fire, ia now continuing fiercely.
- British Warship Lost.
Berlin, by wireless to Tuckerton, N.
J., Sept., 27. One British warship wu
sunk und two others were damaged, hy
German coast battorles during bombard
ment of Zoohrugge, according to an of
The British ships have been pounding
at Zoebruggo, accompanying the re
newed Franco -r landers drive by tin
The British squadrnn retreatod after
these losses. .
Concerning the gigantic; offensive ou
tho west front, tho official statement
claimed the kaiser's forces had taken,
irlsoner in one trench sector 1200 Brit
tdi including a brigade-Commander ami
several officers. -
In the eastern Champagne region tho
French losses wore said to be over
The Balkan Situation.
Homo, Sept, 27. The Bulkau situation
was apparently deadlocked today. Bui
guriu, whose entrance seemed assured
when she mudo sudden mobilization
moves, was believed to be awaiting th
final proposals of the allies. Serbi;
and Greece were awulting. Itumoiiiu '
Censored Nish dispatches reiterated
that Serbiu will fight rather thun cedu
Mucedonia to Bulgaria. Sofia mes
sage said iniiblliutlnn 1 progressing
but denied that Bulgariun forces rt
concentrating on their neighbors'
The majority of Greek reservist
have reKirted to the color and Athens
first outburst of war enthusiasm ha
given way to the quiet of watchful
Rumania Wants to Enow.
Rome, Sept. 27. Itiimania has re
quested Bulgaria to expluiu her mobil
ljition moves, according to the lde4
Oreece Call Reserves.
Washington, Sept. 27. The Greek
legation announced today that alt re
servist in the United State between
the classes of 1892 and lll have been
called home. A dispatch to thi effeel
(Continued o P4 Tli.),