Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 27, 1915, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

'& &
Last of Two Important Rus
sian Strongholds Is
Over Two Hundred Thousand
Russians Taken Since
Warsaw's Fall
Berlin, via wireless to London, Aug.
27. The fortress of Olita, one of the
Inst of the two strongholds defending
the Warsaw-Petrograd railway, has
been occupied by the Germans. This
announcement was made by the war of
fice today.
Grodno is now the only Slav fortress
ho'ding out.
Olitu is midway between Kovno, the
fortress recently captured by Field
Marshal Von Maekonson, and Grodno.
It is "( miles north of the latter fort
ress, which is now expected to fall at
any time.
The railway to Potrograd, running
through Vilna, is but 28 mile3 east of
Olita and Vilna is but S3 miles to the
Capture 200,000 Russians.
Berlin, via The Hague, Aug. 27.
More than 200,000 Russians have been
captured by the Austro-German forces
since Warsaw fell and the great sweep
against the Brest-Litovsk line set in.
Several thousand camion have been
taken and enough rifles have fallen
in the hands . of the Teutonic allies to
wipply several divisions.
In the operations resulting in the
capture of the vast amount of booty,
the Slavs have been driven back more
than 100 miles on their center. The
capture of Brest-Litovsk, announced
yesterday, aroused the greatest enthus
iasm in Berlin, and advices today indi
cated n steady pursuit of the rapidly
retreating Slav armies.
All of the first line fortresses and
fortified positions of the enemy have
now heen captured. " With the fall of
lircst-Litovsk and Bielnstok only the
fortress of Grodno, on the second line,
remains in the. hands of Grand Duke
K'icholns. Giod:io is expected to fall
before tho end of the week. With the
"vacu.it ion of Biolostolt, immediately
with of Grodno, and the retreat of the
Hessians to the north, the fortress is
left all but isolated.
North of the fortress the Slavs are
hurrying in retreat, upon Vilna. There
ure no indications that Grand Duke
.Nicholas lins tiny intention of attempt
ing to make a stand there. Tho city
tins ii trendy been striped of everything
"f military value, except supplies nee-'-siiiy
for the troops in the vicinity.
Ml dispatches lend to the belief thut
I he Russians will continue to fall buck
"pun the DvinHk-rinsk line, counting
upiui the swninps and forests which
must be traversed by the Germans if
I he pursuit is pressed, to halt the
Unlv meagre ret io r'ji have been re
"ived ns to the operations continuing
ilnMit Brest-T.itnvsU. The Slavs in thm
"'"inu are in full retreat, but how for
I he pursuit of the Austen-Germans has
l'rii'.'rewd is not known. Tin Hussions
'ire relying on the swamps ill this di"
''i t to prn'oct their flank and permit
;i nf. withdrawal
official reports today failed to con
film statements of the Austrinns hnv
" advanced northward thrnimh Kovel.
This latter pliiee is the southeastern
" c-t noiiit nirnliist which tho Austrinns
1'nve lmen u pern tint?. Tt was pointed
' 1 Hint the mmo claim was in tile in
" ' nits fio'n Vienna several woofs ago.
The evacuation of Grodno Is new cor
'"!n. is n result of the TCussinn retreat
fmi the remainder of the Kovno-I.lt-"
-t( lino. The forces which captured
r,ll'n nre now mnvine eastward rnpidlv
'"wird the Petrorrnd railwnv with
l"'ir left win? In close touch with the
r'"ht wing of the armv advancing on
Zoppclinj Aid Turker.
Amsterdam. Aiiu. 97. A down Zen-
vlini have been employed to relieve
he shortage of shells of Tnrkev. nc-
'"Mini to reports received here from
I'c'liii today,
With the attacks of the allies beenm-
constantly more violent and the
"ceil of the Turks for ammunition to
;cxiHt tne attacks becoming more press
'ii". Oermnnv Is declared tn have re
korteil to her soundron of aerial cruisers
in nil effort to save the situation in
"i", nnrdnnellc.
Upwards of 100 tons of fine mschln
'ry used in making shells are declared
lO hnV linnn f rnnattnpln.1 tliAttfli tUn
r hy the Zeppelins to Turkey. The
'"lu hinery was first tnken to the Alls
Irian frontier Thorn Hi 7.innalln arnr
,nJ.l, ""'I Mm to the big airships
'nl'ii sailed ocross Serbia toward Con
'tnntinnple. The trips are sni.l to have been mad
t night in order lo escae detection
'V Bulgarian border guards and also to
vold protests against the violation of
""Ignrinn territory, owing to the oeces-
Chicago, Aug. 27. One of the most
severe arraignments of individuals and
their methods ever included in a com
munication to a national investigating
body, marks the report of George P.
West to the industrial relations com
mission, placing responsibility for the
bloody. Colorado coal strike at the door
of John D. Rockefeller and his sou,
John I). Rockefeller, Jr.
Tho report, mado public here todav,
charged Rockefeller, Jr., with approv
ing measures to .coerce the Colorado
state government and with flouting the
will of President Wilson.
Rockefeller Responsibility.
"Mr. Rockefeller's responsibility has
a significance beyond even the sinister
results of his policy in Colorado," the
report said. "The perversion of and
contempt. for government, tho disregard
of public welfare and the defiance of
public opinion during the Colorado
strike must be considered as only one
manifestation of the autocratic and
anti-social spirit of a man whose enor
mous wealth gives hi in infinite oppor
tunity to net in similar fashion in
broader fields.
The trial and conviction of John of I
John R. Lawson, tho Colorado labor
leader, on a charge of murder was de
nounced as "anarchism stripped of ev
ery pretense of even that chimerical
idealism that tires the unbalanced mind
of the bomb-thrower." The report de
clared Lawson was believed to be a
man of exceptionally high chnracter
and a "gooi -citizen in every sense of
the term." After reciting that Lawson
was tried by a judgo appointed by Gov
ernor Carlson after serving as attorney
tor the Colorado Pucl Iron company,
and giving other details of tho case,
it said:
Lawson Conviction Scored.
The prosecution and conviction of
Mr. Lawson under these circumstances
and his sentence to life imprisonment
at hard labor, marked the lowest steps
of the prostitution of Colorado's gov
ernment to the will of the Colorado
Tuel & Iron company nnd its associates.
Tt. is the crowning infamy of all the lu
minous records in Colorado or Ameri
can institutions perverted and debauch
ed by selfish interests. It is anarchism
stripped of every protonse of even that
chimerical idealism that fires the un
balanced mind of tho bomb-thrower. It
is anarchism for profits and revenge,
and it menaces the security and integ
rity of American "institutions as they
seldom have been menaced before."
With the statement thut the Colorado
strike was a rcvo't by wholo commun
ities against arbitrary economic, polit
ical and social domination by the Colo
rado Fuel & Iron com tinny and smaller
companies, following its lend, the re
port declared:
I he policies and acts of the execu
tive officials of the Colorado Fuel &
Iron company, and tho other companies
that acted with them, had the hearty
support and endorsement of the great
est and most powerful financial Inter
est in America, that of John 1). Rocke
feller and his son, Juiin D. Rockefeller,
Jr., who contrnllcd tho company
through the ownership of approximately
10 tier cent of its stocks and bonds.
''It is greatly lo be do'ibted if the
Colorado operators could have mnin-
Willing to Submit Germany's
Contention of Free Seas
to Arbitration
(By J. W. T. Mason.)
(Written for t.io Cnited Press.)
New York, Aug. 27. Premier Viviani
of France and Sir I'M ward Grey, Brit
ish foreign minister, have answered in
entirely different moods the tentative
peace 'suggestions made by Germany.
Viviuni's reply was a vague refer
ence to Trance's' determination to fight
until IVIgiiim lias been freed and Alsace-Lorraine
lias been reconquered.
Grev goes further than this patriotic
generality. With high statesmanship
he discusses the Gerinun demand for
sity of making part af the journey
across this country.
J'hich Zeppelin curried from three to
four tons of machinery at a time, and
bv repented trips, the entire supply of
in'nchinerv which will enable the Turks
to mnnufacttirii a great supply of shell
Is declared to have been transported to
Olita was evacuated without any
show of resistance, the official state
ment said, and the Russians withdrew
to the east.
Simultaneously a detachment of Field
Mnrshal Von llindcnburK's army de
feated the eiiemv In on engagement
south V Kovno, Knst of Ossowet and
snuthenst of Mitnu, fighting is now In
progress. .
1 t ... i t ..-,1.1 ' tlavnr an forces are
itiiiii: -- -,.
advancing rapidly .upon tho railwa)
from Brest Lltovsk to Minsk, it was
stated. They have reached position
northeast of1 Kainetiee Litovsk, less
than 20 miles from the railroad.
Further south Field Marshal on
Mjickonsen drove the Hlavs back across
the Kyta river.
tained their unyielding and defiant at
titude of opposition to enlightened pub
lic, opinion of the entire nation had
they not been bulwarked by the ma
terial and moral power wielded by the
largest private fortune in the world.
Rockefeller's Letters. "
"During all the seven tragic and
bittor months that preceded Ludlow,
Mr. Rockefeller wrote letter after let
ter in praise of men whose acts during
this period had precipitated a reign
of terror and bloodshed. It was only
when the Ludlow massacre filled tho
press of the nation with tho oditorial
denunciation, when mourners in black
silently paraded in front of his Mew
York office, when cartoons in the press
piloried him and his father before an
angry public, that at last complacency
gave way to concern in his. letters' and
telegrams to Denver."
Workers Driven to Revolt.
When the economic, social and po-
micm uuMiiuaiiou or me coal compa
nies filially drove the workers to ro
volt, tho report declared the owners not
only refused to admit the possibility of
any grievance, "but at a time when
they could have prevented a strike by
merely granting a conference to tho
union officials, they choso instead to
ret use tho conference and in doing so
made themselves responsible for the
disasters and tragedy that followed. "
Attacking Governor Carlson and At
torney General Farrar for thoir so-called
"law and order policy," which was
marked by .the Lawson trial and indict
ments against numerous other unioju
men, the report snid:
"Tho same authorities who conduct
ed this and other successful prosecu
tions of strikers have taken no slops
to prosecute Lieutenant Iv. Ii. Liuder
felt, of the Coloradu National Guard,
or other members of tho guard who took
part in the wanton slaughter by three
unarmed strikers held prisoner at Lud
low, and in the burning of the Ludlow
tent colony which resulted in the death
by suft'o'iiiion of 13 women and chil
dren." Correspondence was submitted outlin
ing the pressure that was brought to
bear on Governor Amnions nnd which
resulted in the latter issuing an order
permitting the militia to escort strike
breakers and put tho state's armed
forces on the side of tho operators.
The publicity campaign started by
Rockefeller in his "union education
campaign" in behalf of tho operators
was again outlined and its purposo em
phasized. Storm of Public Wrath.
"Prior to tho massacre at Ludlow,
the letters proved quite sufficient for
Mr. Rockefeller's purpose," the report
said. "Hut the storm of papular wrath
that rose after Ludlow demanded more
active partii ipation. It was then that
-Mr. Rockefeller initiated the nation
wide publicity campaign by which he
hoped to convince the country that tho
strikers nnd not his company's mine
guard militiamen were responsiblo for
tile death of 111 women nnd children nnd
that the strike itself, instead of a strug
gle for freedom, was a revolt by blood
thirsty and umirchistic foreigners, led
hy men who obtained huge incomes
from orgniii.od agitation and lawless
ness." the freedom of the seas, and says that
it is a fit subject for diplo'natic nego
tiations. This is the biggest step to
I ward securing peace Kughind has taken.
i Grey links the demand regarding tho
iieeiiiim ot luo sens wit Ji a counter do
mniiil regarding limitation of arma
ment. GcrmHuy must iiliuuilnii any ef
fort to collect indemnity from the al
lies, and must not impose her will on
the world which menus, in all proba-
jbility, that peace terms cannot be die
'tated by Germany, but must be made
I in a general agreement.
While it was not reiterated by Grey,
Knghinil will require the evacuation of
I Belgium as a part of tho pried for
peace: but the future status of Alsace
Lorraine must be n secondary mntler
, for Britain. If France cannot recover
the lost provinces through iier own ef
forts, Kngliind Bcnrccly is justified in
i killing off her own male population to
;'mnlc a territorial gift lo the French.
j Preinlef Viviuni's answer, ns it
touches on Alsace-Lorraine, is not, in
ull probability, nrouslng much interest
at Berlin. His speccn wits delivered
'to the French deputies rather than to
ward the Gorman foreign office. Grey's
unswer is a reply to the address made
by Hi ii German chancellor.
I'iiiiiestioiiubly it can be said that
the first informal pence negotiations
uro under way. Instead of being Con
ducted thrivigh intermediaries, they are
taking the form of public statements by
j 1 ministry. Luch is cautiously
sounding the other. An armistice may
be revealed as suddenly as the ur
clouds gathered last summer.
William Jennings Bryan,
Negro, Is In Trouble
Kureka, Cal., Aug, 27. Charged with
nn offense against William Benjamin,
Jr., aged 10, of Ferndale, William Jen
nings Bryan, a negro, connected with
a traveling road show, is in the county
jail today. Ho was arrested near Ar
eata Benjamin alleges he wss lured by the
negro to B deserted mill building. Bry
an says he had been drinking heavily
and has rto recollection of what hap
pened. FernJule la excited.
Attacks Are Made Principally
On; Railway Supply
British Claim To Have Sunk
Many German Submarines
.In War
Taris, Aug.' 27. French aviators re
newed their raids against German
Hons during last ijigbt and today, at
tacking a half-doien railway stations
and factories, tho'Mfnr office announced.
The air raids wire made principally
in tho Woovre region nnd along flic
railways used by the enemy for the
transportation of supplies. Tho most
important points bombarded, the com-
m u ni quo stated, were tho railway sta
tions at St. BnusSHiit, Kssey and Di
voiry and the big gas plant at Dormvch.
Bombs were also hurled on tho station
at Mulheim and upon the electric, light
plant and other buildings there.
In the land operations a series of
trenches were captured at Lnndeisbach.
Portions of the German positions on tho
crest of Sondernach were also taken,
tho official statement said. This, con
solidates tho French positions in this
region and renders thorn more difficult
to attack.
Tho Germans nttenrptod an offensive
in the Argentic lust night about Anber
ive, but were promptly halted. Cannon
ading continues about Arras and lioyo
and from Oiae to tho Aisne.
Sinking Submarines.
London, Aug. '11. For tho first time
since t'no German submnrine war was
inaugurated, the admiralty today hud
confirmed reports that a large number
of tho enemy submersible have been
dostroyed. Such reports as thut mado
public yesterday of Squadron Comman
der Higsworth sinking a submarine by
hurling bombs from his noroplnne hnvn
previously been kept secret for fear of
aiding the enemy.
Particular stress was laid today by
the newspapers upon the portion of
yesterday's statement from the mlniir
ally which carried confirmation of the
fact that many submarines have been
sunk. Kepo-ting tho destruction of the
submersible off O.ttcnd, tho admiralty
snid it was not hc practice to announce
such incidents when the Germans have
no other way of learning of their losses.
Home inpeis urged that tho admiralty
announce just how many Kiibmurines
have been ruptured of destroyed since
Februiiry IS, when tho under sea wur
The Chni.iP'le said:
"The iiilmiinlty doubtless has its
own good motives for secrecy, but this
official confirmation of what has been
known in a general way to many peo
ple would be generally' welcomed. Per
haps Mr. liiilfo'ir might some time see
his way clear to giving us a list of to
tal figures.
It. If. F.
St. Louis 11 12 2
Brooklyn 1 13 4,
Perdue and Sn.v.lorj Dell and McCar
thy, Meadows I'placed Perdue.
Pittsburg 1 7 0
New York 2 5 0
A il fi ins nnd Gilison: Muthewssn and
Wendell. Murphy replaced Adams.
First gnmc
Chicago 4 7 3
linston 9 HI I
Pierce, Htnndfidgn, Zand and Brcsiui
him, llurgiave; Tyler, Hughes and
Second game
Chicago 4 8 0
I tout on 1 4
Pierce mid An hor; ltagan and dow
dy. Cincinnati 2 6 3
Philadelphia 4 I
McKenry, Wingo; Mcyuillcn and
First game
New York 1 7 0
Detroit 8 IB 1
Cole, Khnwkcy and Muiiaiiiukcr; Du
line and Stallage,
Second game
New York 3 7 0
Detroit 11 14 2
Pieh and Alexander; Bolnnd and
Stanage. Diiiiovsn replaced Pieh.
Boston 3 10 1
Cleveland 4 0 0
Gregg and Cady; McIIell and O'Neill.
Mava replaced Gregg, .Jones replaced
Mitchell, Tliomns ropluced Cady, C'arrl
Kan replaced Thwmal.
Philadelphia 2 3 4
Chicago 3 7 2
Wyrkoff nd Lapp) t'icotte and
Washington - 3 4 1
Sun Francisco, Aug. 27. Suffocated
by thick smoke that poured into their
room ns they slept, Mrs. Frances Per
shing, wife of Brigadier General John
J. Pershing and three of her children
perished when thoir home at the Pre
sidio, was destroyed oy fire here early
The body of Mrs. Pershing was found
lying over tho lifeless form of her
youngest daughter, Margaret, aged 3.
The other children to perish were also
girls, Helen, 8, and Ann, (i.
Little Warren Pershing, 5, the only
son, was rescued xy soldiers who
bravely forced their way into tho burn
ing house and found him in rear room,
all but overcome.
The wife of Lieurenant Boswell,
house guest of Mrs. Pershing, escaped
with her two children, Jimmy, 5, and
Billy, 2. She was aroused by the smoke
and endeavored to warn the general's
wife. Mrs. Pershinir's dunr wiih liwked.
however, and tho cries of Mrs. Bos-!
well brought no response. i
Lieutenant Eugene Snntchi and C. J.
Ha.lett, an army truck driver, were the
firsr tn resell the Pershinff home. Thelteers.
building was already Half consumed' I" M enptain of the Fif-
Standing in the rear of the house thev teentli cavalry, President Roosevelt
found William J. Johnson, 35, colored .iimp'd him over the Heads of a long
cook, in the Pershing home, wringing i list of colonels to bo brigadier gen
ius hands. He was fully dressed. 1. He has served in the Philippines
Lieutenant Snntchi seized a ladder several times since then, his most inl
and mounted to a second story window. tn.tilo recent achievement having been
There he found little Warren, fuco his command of the operations against
downward on the floor. Lifting him, the hostile Moros in Mindano which
he pnssed tho unconscious boy down to ! terminated on Juno 12, 1!)13, in their
Hnz ett. F umes fi oil t ie rest or t ic ;
Johnson, the cook, said he wus in
tho basement when tho fire stnrted,
Snntchi and Hazlett declared. He said I
he had heard children's footsteps above
Kiid then smcllcd snione. Ho run from
the house. Asked if the family had
escnped, lie said:
"No, they nro all up there."
Mrs. Boswell nnd her children had
a narrow escape from death. The lieu
tenant's wife tossed the two jlittlo
ones from an upper story window into
the nrms of waiting soldiers and then
aped to the ground herself.
n;tv nnd ermisition fire departments I
esponded to tho nlr.rm turned in ns
Gilded Wagons and Blaring'
Bands Lure the Usual
Crowd to the Circus
While the long line of gilded wagons
passed through the streets of Salem to
iluy from the trumpeters in front to
too Hteiiiu caliope which brought up
the r hi-, the usuul circus day crowds
lined the streets und then followed t.io
ruruvau to the circus grounds where
tiie "big open air free exhibition" wus
to be gncn. This nft.cruoiiu the rest
of I hum weiuled their way by street
cur, unto, jitney, luuiily carryall ami
mi foot to the circus grounds, where the
big show in the main tent never fails
to draw the adniiision tee from toe
udillt who only goes uhuig to take the
The street parade stnrted promptly ut
1 1 ) : :u this inoiiiiiig und cinne down
Court to Coiuiucrciul a ml then up Stale
street, to the hhow grounds, while the
hundreds of people nho (Uiue to town
today looked over the ariay of animals,
wild, tame, furred, woolly, white, black
and striped.
The perl oi malice tins utteruooii stint
ed lit 1:30 und nnother complete per
liirinance will be given lit f.'M) this
evening, wnen most of the townspeople
will once again hie themselves lo the
1 1 1 it i n tent to view the acts which they
have viewed annually since they could
remember, but now they are obliged to
go because tho children always like to
sen the circus.
Tho Al 0. Paries circus is much
Inrger this year than on its former
visits here, und is no doubt wiiut is
claimed for it -tho largest uniiniil
trained show in the world. 'J'hey carry
over IKIO wild uuimiils.
Portland, Ore, Aug. 27. Alleged by
tho police to be members of a gang of
arsonists who liuvo been working in
Oregon, Montana and California, Snn
ford W. Currier, his wife, Herthu Cur
rier, and Grant llawley were urrcsted
this afternoon, '
Tho arrests followed several days In
vestigation by the arson squad of the
Portlund police department,
Currier is chnrged with arson nnd
the other two arrested aro held us wit
nesses. It Is suid by the police that Currier's
plan of action wus to furnish a rented
house, then destroy It and collect the
Insurance on the contents.
St. Louis
Harper and
and Hoveroid,
,.. 1 S 1
soon us the firo was discovered, but tin
frame dwelling was quickly consumed.
Tho entire post ulso turned out to
fight tho bliuo.
Police and coroners deputies were de
tailed to investigate tho fire nnd three
members of tho United tStat.es army
medical corps were appointed to a
board of inquiry at the Presidio. Those
who will make an investigation for the
army authorities aro Major Howard,
first United States cavalry, und Lieu
tenant Hnrtz.
Senator Warren's Daughter.
Mrs. Pershing was tho daughter of
United States Senator Francis K. War
ren, of Wyoming. She married General
Pershing at Cheyenne, January 20,
General Pershing has had one of tho
most spectacular careers of any officer
in tho Unitod States army. Ho graduat
ed from tho West Point military acad
emy in 18N0 and served through the
(,l,'y ImlUn campaigns. During the
operations of tho army in tho Philip-
pines ho served as captain of tho reg
ular army and as major of volun-
"i iciiv.
Will Investigate.
Mayor IT. H. Whitney, commanding
officer of tho post, will order a general
investigation today. When the alarm
of firo was turned in Major Whitney
took pcrsonnl chnrgn of the men at
tempting to fight the flames
The origin of tho firo will probably
never be definitely known, as tho house
was completely destroyed. It is be
lieved, however, thut tho open fire
places wore responsiblo, Thero wore
three of these in tho house nnd serv
ants declared two contained fires lust
night. It i believed live coals rolled
out of Olio of the grates and fired the
Commission Accepts State En-
giner's Proposal to With
draw From Work
The slnte highway commission held a
meeting ut 2 o'clock this ufternoon
with the last ciimmunicntiou of State
Engineer John II. Lewis as the principal
tnpic. of discussion. The board adopted
Mr. Lewis' suggestion thut ho be reliev
ed from further responsibility for ull
higliwuy work nnd passed u resole! inn
In this effect. Ill the future Chief
lctuty Cnnline will have complete
ill urge of ull highway work und will
report, directly to the biinid. Mr. Lewis
bond of 10, IIII0 which him not been
approved will be returned tn li i ti i und
the board will accept a bond in a sim
ilar fi mount for Mr. Cuiitine.
At, the meeting it wus stilled Hint the
I mih rd considered that it was ncling In
pi'ci.rdunco with the law and thut since
Mr. Lewis now runciiiTcd In the opinion
of the majority of the bnanl thut there
would be no necessity of estnblishing
the authority of the bmird or the state
engineer in the courts. The hoard has
maintained throughout the controversy
that it has had the iiulhurily to direct
the work and that it will do so nbselute
ly in the future.
The coiitrovcrsv Is now n closed Inci
dent and the controversy which in the
beginning promised to assume huge pro
portions hns dissolved. At the start Mr.
Lewis maintained that he hud authority
to supervise and direct tho work of Mr.
Cm nt ini'. The board held thut it hud
Sole authority over the actions of the
chief dcp'ity mid the clash of authority
took on various aspects until it was
decided to try the mutter nut In' the
courts. Tho recent nction of Mr. Lewis
in withdrawing hns removed the pos
sibility of diking the mutter to the
courts und ended the quibble.
Oregon! To
night fair, cool
er oust portion,
Saturday falrj
westerly winds.'
If Arabic Was Exception
Commander Disobeyed
Full Satisfaction Will Be Ac
corded If This Point Is
By O. P. Stewart.
Washington, Aug. 2. It was never
Germany's policy to torpedo passenger
carrying merchant ships without warn
ing. Subninrino commanders have always
been instructed to permit those on
board to escape boforo sinking such
If any commnnders did otherwise,
they acted contrary to orders. Suppos
ing the contrary were true, why has
not the destruction of unarmed en'emy
vessels been greater way have ninny
such craft which might have been sent
to tho bottom been permitted to es
cape f
These represcntntions, it was learn
ed on unquestionablo though unofficial
authority today, will bo included in
Berlin's allowing to tho Unitod States
in connection with assurance understood
to bo forthcoming, or already submit
ted, In nnswor to tho Amoricnn demands
as to tho methods, employed in Ger
many's submarine warfare. ,.
It is practically certain thnt infor
liintiou', nt least in part to this effect,
hns rciiched the slute department. Thut
details nro given is not so certain.
With the situution growing out of
tho sinking of the liner Arabic greatly
cleared, however, it was admitted at
the stale doparl incut thut considerable
"confidential information" regarling
Germany 'h submarine activities was be
ing received from Ambassador Genu
The ambassador's formal report giving
the first outline of Germany's position
wus received Inst night nnd advices,
today were understood to give iinsur
anco that no wear need be entertniiieil
for American lives owing to submarine
It wus nhturully nsked: In view of'
Germany 'a representations, if submn-
rine conininmlcrs were not ordered to
sink upnrmed, passenger carrying shipj
without wn ruing, how it happened in u
numbers of enses not only the Lnst
tanla thai disaslers occurred under
such circ.timstunces. This question has
not yet been answered. Tho only ob
vious explanation Is that the cnmmiind
ers exceeded their authority. More
light is expected on this point from
more completo eommiiniciitions from
Ambassador Voir Hernstorff called nt
the stale department, toiluy iin'd gave
nwmruiiccs that "full sutisfnetion"
would be accorded the United States
l'iyiii Hiibiniii'ine commander who tor
pedoed the Arabic exceeded hill instruc
tions. Aflcr giving Secretary of Stni
Lansing this assurance, the ambassador
remarked that the offer was fiirtln
than Gel'mniiy hud hitherto gone, lie
plainly considered nil danger of friction
us punt nnd hiih extremely cheerful.
It is understood the proper prepara
tion, so far ns Americans arc concerned,
lias also been promised for the torpedo
ing mill sinking of I lie Lusitania.
The first cninniuiiicat ion forwarded
to Washington' by Ainbiissador Gerard
regarding the Arubic, und received Inst
night, is understood to liuvo contained
assurances made to the American am
bassador by Chancellor Von Bethmnnn
llollweg, bearing out ull statements ns
to Germuny's position made by Von'
Hernstorff to Secretary Lunsing.
Disobeyed Instructions.
Washington, Aug. 27. -Considerable,
"coufideiitinl iiifiirination" from Am
bassador Gerard is ranching the state
department today, Secretary of State
Lansing admitted.
The advices from Gerard are under
stood to be in the form of nssuiuiiccs
thnt Amorirniu need liuvo no fear of
further submarine attacks endangering
their lives.
Secretary Lansing snid ho had no
further conferences scheduled with Am
bassador Von Hernstorff after today,
giving the impression thnt they had
disposed of till official conversations
until the Arubic report arrives from
Berlin, (
Satisfaction Will Be Given.
Washington, Aug. 27. If the sub
marine commander who torpedoed tho'
An, 1,1c imHiiiiiIni thut the liner wns so
destroyed exceeded his instructions.
"full satisfaction" will no nccorueo,
the United States.
The formal presentation of this as
surance from Germany was the mission
of Ambassador Von Bernstorff to the
state department today, it wu learned
at tho German embassy, ,