Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, August 27, 1914, Image 1

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    Today's News
Printed Today
,flseJ Wire
. L I I .1 I I I I -W II II 31 II II II II V- ' -.ii " 3; 4 I K.I 111 1 I I I I I I I J 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I II II I 1 fi ll I - - I
-TcrvrNTH YEAR ; ; ; ; : -
rtiini I ol i- i -' i
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Registration of city voters for
the coming municipal election
began bright and early this
morning when City Recorder
Elgin opened the books. Voters
will be allowed to register for
this election up to 5 o'clock on
October. 17. The city recorder
is anxious that all who expect
to register should come in as
soon as possible as there are
about 7,000 persons in Salem
who must sign up before that
date if they want to vote.
He Words of French Leaders
Are Cheerful cut iheir
'Iclioa Belies Tnem
Russians Swarm Over Fron
tier and May Draw Part
of Army From France
The allies plainly were alarm
4 today by developments on the
Franco-Belgian frontier.
Cheering words were spoken
but actions belied them.
The Paris and London war of
fices, withheld their usual state
ments concerning the fighting's
progress, .
Paris was preparing to with
stand a siege.
War Minister Millerand said
these preparations were only
"precautionary" but the people
feared the allies flanks had been
turned and that they were being
driven in upon the capital.
There certainly- was terrific
frontier fighting and in places it
! twitted the Germans vere
25 miles on the French side,
The French trofessed. how-
l wr,to have Won fierce skirm-
1 !aV!.t nL,i& till. . . .
auuui Line ann rpnnrra
4t Lille itself had fallen were
Former Big Trana-Atlantio Liner
Pressed Into Service aa Cruiser, Sunk
by Britisher Off African Coast. ' "
Will Reduce These Later; Ex
pect to Be in Berlin in
' Three Weeks
OF 2,000,000 MEN EACH
It was also asserted the Gallic
wops were having the better of
struggle along the frontier
Www Nancy and the Vosges
British Premier Asquith told
liouse of commons that "the
Prospects for a satisfactory out
of the Conflict are excel-D-Mhe8aie
time, how-
to i Eft :ere bein landed
T , u w ence it was
The allies' losses were describ
o in England as "staggering"
g was said the Gerrnlns hid
'timated that the Franco
had lost SBSn
mS Ptured
4SgBy w McusaUon that
f ha.d caused the conflict
AntaSL? 8 ' hile German
want war i,a V um
wmBerliS feal figure
" f'omTomn Wa' 90 tuol.v
.l??bw!" that its
London, Aug. 27. That the British
cruiser Highflyer hail sunk the German
steamship Kaiser Wilhelm Der Grosse
off the west African coast was an
nounced by First Lord of tho Admiralty
inston Churchill in the i-ouse of com
mons todav.
The lost vessel was well known as a
trans-Atlantic liner but had been
pressed into the naval service as
cruiser at the outbreak of war. Before
it was sunk said Churchill, its guns
killed one of the Highflyer's crew and
wounded five.
Premier Asquith, also addressing the
commons, reported:
"The government is desirous of giv
ing the country all the information con
sistent' with the public interest but it
has been necessary to withhold many
facts. It will be possible, however, to
lift the veil of secrecy soon.
"The British troops on the continent
are upholding the best traditions of the
service. They were in action Wednes
day against a superior German force
anil acquitted themselves splendidly.
"The prospects for a satisfactory
outcome of the conflict are excellent.' '
The house applauded this statement
vociferously. Keir Hardie, a socialist
member of the bouse and a strong anti
militarist, tried ' to question Foreign
Secretary Sir Edward Grey concerning
neutrality negotiations with other coun
tries' but .was. howled down. -..
VDo the socialists in the'TRciehstair
ask such questions t" shouted Timothy
Healy; '' . . " - , .
Despite 'this commotion, Sir Edward,
however, answered Hardie.". ..
German Ambassador Lichnowsky did
his best, he said,jto prevent war. . "a
"But the authority was not in his
hands," continued the foreign tQte
tary. "The real fiuure was in Berlin.
' ' ' That is why the negotiation in the
interests of peace failed. The ambas
sador made suggestions but the actual
proposals came-from tne German cap
nai. xney were far different from what
tne ambassador suggested. .
'Germany wag entirely responsible
ror tne war." .
Plan Is to Bottle Up Garrisons
by Sheer Force of Num
bers and Leave Them
Washington, Aug. 27. Fred
erick Palmer, ous of the most
famous war correspondents in
the world, will represent the
.United Press and all other
American press associations at
the front with the British army.
The British war office announc
ed today that only one Ameri
can correspondent would bo per
mitted with .the army and the
American press' rssociations
unanimously agreed that Palmer
was tie man best suited for the
place. i
Palmer was injiiondon when
the war started. iAU American
press associations will receive
his reports sittiu'.Btneously.
a i' fe a - a l?
n l T', tIj p r p r I T
London, Aug. 27. In their haste to
reach Berlin, striking a blow which will
force the kaiser to diminish the furry of
his attack on the Franco-British allies,
it was said today the Russians were not
stopping to reduce the east Prussian
forts on their line of march.
They were taking . the precaution,
however, of isolating each fort as they
passed, and leaving a sufficient force
to keep its garrison bottled up to safe
guard themselves against flank attacks.
. Owing to their own great numbers
and the weakness of the German gar
risons, this plan of campaigning, which
would be neither for the Germans nor
for the Franco-British allies, was said
to be presenting no serious difficulties.
Later, it was expected, the various
forts would be-reduced one at a time.
It was believed the main Russian
column would move straight on Posen,
roseing the Warta river near the
The czar's commisaeriat, said a St.
Petersburg; dispatch, was excellent and
the troops would not have to "live -oil
the country." .
-' vv' Army of. 8,000,000,, "'r. ,'v
St. Petersburg, via Rome, Aug. 27.
within three wees the Russians expect
German Army of Two Corps
Trying to Flank Allies and
Force Withdrawal
French Admit Some of Their
Frontier Towns Will Have
to Be Abandoned
Ottawa, Aug. 27. Colonel
Sam Hughes, minister of militia,
declared this afternoon that SO,
000 Americans had applied for
enlistment in the Canadian army
to be sent to Europe. He would
not say whether any of the Am
ericans had been accepted.
American Consul Notifies ana Given 24
Hours in Which to Leave, zut He De
cides to Stick to His Post
London, Aug. 27.- That tha kaiser
has in mind, if he shi ild win the pend
ing European war, t te acquisition of
the whole North aea and Baltic coast,
from the Strait ot' ijovcr to the Gulf
of Finland, wag the iipinion xprcssed
here today by diplomats representing
countries in arms agkinst the German
and Austro-Hungary lillies.
Their theory was thlt he would claim,
say, the French departments ot tne
Pas-De-Calais, the Word, Ardennes, the
Meuse and Muerthe-ct-Mosolle, Belgium
and Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Den
mark, the Russian Jialtic : provinces,
which have already ldsrge German popu
lation, and probably Russian Poland.
The German government did, indeed,
say that it intended to evacuate Bel
gium as soon as the military situation
made it posBiblo, and Holland and Den
mark have been 'merely alarmed with
out actually being threatened..
Judging, however, from what the
Fatherland's ruler and his advisors uo
doiibtedly-would consider the necessi
ties of their situation, observers of con
tinentsl ,af f aire-- were; convinced that
BeUzium would remhi:.Gerniaii)iov
ince and .that means would b found of
involving Holland and Denmark, in the
conflict before the time came for talk
to" attack Berlin,, it was - officially of settlement.
stated here. today. It was announced From France and Russia, as having
(By Ed L. Keen.)
London, Aug. 27. The usual official
morning statement o vnr departments
was significantly withheld hore today.
Unofficially it was reported that the
Germans had penetrated the Franco
British line between Montmcdy and
Longwy, French frontier towns. Even
the government has admitted that the
German pressure upon the allies' front
at these two points was suca tnai doiu
eventually would have to be abandoned.
The war office did not deny that
German flankers, snid to consist of two
armv corns, were - trying to force a
withdrawal on the part ot tne ameB
extreme loft, thus weakening their cen
ter. ,. It was believed the latter had
sufficient reserves, however, to prevent
The French artillery had repulsed a
cuvalrv raid acainst the allies' left
4 u
. . . . i at- . -
German losses, said xne war oniue,
had thus far been thrice" those of the
allies, though the latter were t'stagger-
' Purely unofficial jirt hail jt that
the allies' roll was 70,uuu Kiuea, wouna
ed captured and saiMlntf,
H over
,Ir. o,.i i.Y 'ce lichtino n tv
HiiHe British
t. ... . ' Miser Wiu,i j.
,r"is . I ;. av,ns
ui Kuiea in
Shanghai, Aug. 27. From his flaa-
ship, the Suwo, Admiral Kato, com-
mandmg the Japanese naval force off
Kiao Chau bay, todav formally notified
the German governor of Kiao Chau by
wireless that the settlement was block
aded. The United States consul was
given 24 hours option whether to re
main or leave, and chose the former
Though a Japanese bombardment had
put out of commission the wireless-station
on the German island of Tan.
southwest of Guam, the mikado's forces
were understood to have displayed no
inclination to seize the island.
Yap is still in cable communication
with Shanghai, but the destruction of
the wirelss station cut off from the
world the German Ladrone and Caro
line island groups, whose messages, re
ceived by wireless, Yap has hitherto
relayed to Asia, Europe and America.
Mis. .
r tut at .
j".b : th" ao
1 "Oftiife.1, that ti
at the same time that mobilization had
been completed and that 8,000,000 Rus
sians were 'under arms. '
They were divided into four armies
of- 2,000,000 men each, to be placed in
the field from inland mobilization cen
ters, one after another, each succeeding
rearward army filling the gaps In its
predecessor's ranks after each general
engagement. . ". "
Germans Retiring.
St. ' Petersburg. Auk. 27. The Ger
mans were still retiring' today' before
the Russian advance in east Prussia. '
The nresent obiective of the Russian
central advance was believed to be the
imnortant citv of Posen. As they pre
ceded, the czar's troops were bottling
the Germans in the eastern forts.
It was reported here that wben they
evacuated Gumbinnen, Insterburg and
Eydtkuhnen, the Germans poisoned the
food supplies they left behind.
Germans Claim Victory.
Washington, Aug. 27. The German
embassy here ennounced today that a
wireless mcssaee from Berlin said the
German cruiser Magdeburg had been
blow up in the bay of t inland
"It simply encountered a superior
force, "was the only explanation given,
The dispatcn said tne fliagaeourg o
entering the Day wnen a iureiK"
ran har fiarfrllTHl and destroyed her.
Mnot nf the crew it was said, escaped.
A aeimd disDatch from Berlin said
the Bussian defeat at Krasnik resulted
from "an irrisistable attach by Aus
trian infantry." '
Still another ilisDatch said:
"A large number of prisoners, chiefly
British soldiers, passed through Aix La
Chappelle today. -'
Stockton Employer Says Employers
Havo Bight to Hire Armed Men to
Kill Anyone Who Displeases Them.
San Francisco, Aug. 27. Chairman
Chris Totten, of the Stockton M. M.
E., was a witness yesterdnV before tne
federal industrial relations committee.
Ho admitted frankly that men were em
ployed to protect members of the asso
ciation, declaring that "there were so
many crimes committed and tne police
showed so plainly that they would not
do anything that we doculed it was
About 20 such men wore hired, he
Asked If the M. M. & E. employed
dutectives, ho answered:
"ies, we have our ways of getting
information through the usual chan
"Do you make the assertion," asked
Commissioner Garretson, "that when a
man's judgment conflicts with a little
matter like the law of the land, he has
Desperate Fighting Continues
All Along the Franco
Belgian Frontier
Creates Fear That Germans
Have Prevailed and Will
Invest City Again
. (By Wro, Philip Sims.) ....
Paris, Aug. 27. Desperate
fighting still raged today along
the Franco-Belgian frontier.
There were places where the
Germans had forced their way
a right to keep a standing army to 125 miles across the boundary.
0rpgon: Fair
toa'ght and Fri
winds Fri-
Shelton, Wash., Aug. 27. Fire that
started in the kitchen of the J. C. Paul
ey restaurant here early today, destroy-
eu practically the entire business sec
tion of the town, with a loss of more
than $lo0,000. Several men and twoi-
WOmpn WOrtl nrantAma nmL-a onri
heat while heroically battling the prog
ress of the flames. It van Hun tn their
desperate efforts that the fire was pre
! vented from spreading to the residence
wuon. jo lives are believed to have
been lost.
Four blocks of buildines were wined
out, but two business structures remain
standing. These are the Shelton depart:
store ami the Shelton bank, mod
ern fire-prflof buildings.
San Pedro, Cal., Aug. 27. Celebrat
incr the arrival of the steamship Mis-
sourian, the first vessel to touch this
port after passing througn tne ranama
canal, the whistles of every craft in
the harbor blew for an hour today.
San Pedro was wild with enthusiasm.
The Missourian is the largest vessel of
the American-Hawaiian fleet.
fought the Teutons, the demand for ter
ritorial indemnities would be natural.
In addition to this, it was taken for
granted that Austria would get Servia,
Montenegro, Albania and possibly -the
Russian province of Bessarabia, and
from Roumania, which, while not yetin
arms, has sympathized with Russia, the
Moldavian country. . .;,; ;. ,.
Just as Germanyideelared it had no
thought of taking territory from Bel
gium, Austria announced, when it de
clared hostilities, that it had no de
signs against Servia 's integrity.
It was considered certain, however,
that the general war would be regarded
as having wiped -out theses pledges.
Bulgaria, being already pro-Austrian,
it was thought might expeet to remain
Turkey . also, whicn, though it has
thtia far romnined neutral, has Passive1
ly favored Germany, who also deemed
i knlv to continue. undistnrDea.
Greece, however, as a friend of the
British-French-Russian-ServiAn combin
ation, was considered likely to lose to
Austria, sooner or later, a pari ai least
of the territories it wrested from the
With Italy also, for having failed to
join the Teutons in arms, though bound
to them by a treaty of alliance, it was
believed there would also be a stern
reckoning, which probably would cost
it at least two or three northern provinces.
So far as Great Britain is concerned,
Germany was thought to covet not so
much a foothold on tne :wmo isiea
as a share of the nation 's colonial pos
sessions. ,
Even in the event of a continental
victory it could not obtain this while
the British retained control of the seas,
but, supreme on the continent, it was
regarded as certain the kaiser's next
business in life would be to end the
British naval supremacy.
Thnt. these things would come to pass
the allies did not believe, holding not
only that they would, bot for the sake
of very existence, that they absolutely
must win. " .
The objects named, however, are, in
their opinion, the stake in the present
Serious Bertrua.
London, Aug. 27. Serious Franco
British reverses were rumored circum
stantially today in fionnection with
stories - of the Germans', operations
against the allies. ' .
Some said the lattef had been driven
entirely from southern Belgium.
Tho official military lniornwuou uu
reatt was silent.
An Ostend dispatch to the London
Express said Llllie, France, had sur
rendered to He kaiser 'a forces, the ma
yor having previously disarmed the po-
1 aa and warnel tne people nui iu re
sist, as it was useless and would only
provoke German reprisals..
Th Rritish government termed Ger
munv'n official statements by wireless
of the war situation ' mendacious and
ntterlv at variance with the facts."
Tt wm announced that Sir A. Conan
Tlhvla would renlv to them.
A dispatch to the Exchange Tele
omnh eomnanr said that a Danish
trawler had been sunk by a mine in the
North sea and that four of us crew
perished. This story was unconfirm
ed. , '
Belgians Afe Busy.
Antwerp, Aug. 27 Most of Belgium s
northern military forces were operating
today between Malines and Brussels,
destroying railroads and cutting other
lines of communication.
The Germans were fiercely resisting
thi. wnrlc of destruction but their pre
occupation with their attack on the
TP.nh .nrf British to the southward
was such that they were temporarily
unable to spare enough men to prevent
'ai,,.,, finnnn wpre being held in
check by the Belgians.
defend himself t"
"Have you ever boon mobbed
ed Totten, in turn.
"No," said Garretson, "I was
"Well, if you ever had been, you
would wlBh you had somebody with a
Ratling gun," said Totten, who added
that he considered it proper for a cor
poration to maintain an armed force,
"if necessary for safety."'
Organizer J. B. Dale, of the State
Federation, ot Labor, also testified.
Speaking of charges of union boycot
ting In Stockton he saidr
"They declared that the unions au
thortzed the boycott. That Is false.
It was a mere understanding that the
labor people would spend their money
with their friends."
New' York, Aug; 27. Robert 'J. Col
lier, editor and publisher, was brought
to New York today on a special train
from the Adirondacks critically ill from
uraemia poisoning. Collior was stricken
Sunday and has been lying in a state
of eoma since.
Afraid of Aeroplanes.
T.nndon. Aug. 27. Alarmed
by the
j . f an nerial raid of England
Oatend. if the Germans should
take the Belgian port, England has
rushed marines to help the Belgians
4 Vidro
t annmincine that they had arriv
ed, First Lord of the Admirality Wins-
Bucharest, Roumania, Aug. 27. As
the representative of a neutral power,
the -HpanisH minister here received
today from Nish a -copy of Servia 's
protests against alleged atrocities by
Austrian soldiers on Servian non-combatants.
It was charged that the Austrians
have murdered aged men, women and
children. The Servians, at latest ac
counts, were still pursuing the Aus
trian force they defeated in a four
days' battle on tho river Drina. It was
said they hoped to cut the fugitives
off and annihilate them.
Indianapolis-Kansas City game called
end third, account rain.
Moseley and Kariden;' Jienmng ana
r. n. E.
Buffalo ..: 5 10 2
Brooklyn 10
Krapo and Blair: Bluejacket ' and
The war office withheld its
usual noon announcement.
Its last statement was at mid
night when it admitted that a
part of the allies' line had been
repulsed by the Germans.
There was no confirmation ot
reports .that the French and
British had evacuated important
frontier centers. ! . Y " ' ,
The chief danger was thought
to be from tha north, where the ;
Germans were . comcimng a -crushing
forward-with an ex
tensive flanking movement.
The war office experts in
sisted, however, that provision
had been made to meet ft develop
ment of this kind. C
President Poincare held a long,
conference with the new cabinet.
To Entrench City.
The cabinet session over, War',
Minister Millerand consulted
with his chief 8 of division and
decided to make Paris a perfect
ly entrenched camp. '
..Thiiv he said, was : merely a
precautionary measure, the . es
sential situation at the front re
maining unchanged. :. Wednes-
day's events at the front and the
necessity the allies were under ...
to ' take new positions, he ex-
plained, had not . modified ar- .
rangements for iuture oper
ations. .
"At the proper .time," he as
sured the country, "France will
take the offensive. At present
the general staff's plans are be
ing followed to the letter."
Along the frontier from
Nancy to the Vosges mountains, .
the minister concluded, oper
ations were uninterrupted and
the French were already on the
offensive and slowly repelling
the enemy.
(Continued on page 3.)
The Hague, Aug. 27.-Of fresh news expressed the opinion that, if left to
UIC V J-..V.. -
Paris,, Aug. 27. The Austrian evac
uation of the San Jak of Novibazar, a
territory about 125 miles long by. 40
t'J 50 wide, running between Servia,
ilontenegro and AttBtrin, was announc
t by the Servian legation here today.
frontier there was little more tooay
than that the allies had retired some
what in the north.
It was questioned, however, if the
Germans had gained any important ad
vantage since they made no elaims to
another victory, as it was thought cer
tain they would have done if there had
been anything material to claim.
The opinion was general, neverthe
less, that the allies were extremely
hard pressed, and good judges freely
R. H. E,
Chicaeo 1 11 1
Philadelphia 6 8
Benz and Scbalk; Mender and scnang.
LathroD replaced Benz.
R. H. E,
Detroit 2 10
Boston 9 13 0
Bubuc and Stanage; Collins and Car
rigan. Creery replaced Dubuc; Reynolds re
placed Creery; Baker replaced Stanage.
first game m. .
Cleveland ........ 0 5 1
Washington 14
Steen and O'Neill; Bhaw aau Aint
worth, Henry.
Ten innings.
reaching Paris.
But would not the Russians create
such havoc in eastern Germany and
Austria that the Teutonic forces would
be compelled to face about in that di
rection t was the question much asked.
All accounts indicated that the
tmnm were making rapid prog
ress in east Prussia. It was reeognired
that they had not yet reached the main
line of Germany's defenses, but unless
II. E,
5 1
6 1
these fortifications were more strongly
manned than reports here indicated, ex
perts believed thejr would not delay
the invaders long.
The Austrians claimed some victories
against the Russian soldiers, but these
were not considered very significant
since the czar's activities in quarters
have just begun.
Bumming up the situation, it was be
lieved here that France's fate depends
i ai... lnMfl with wtiifk Rlia-
sia succeeds in diverting the kaiser's Tincup and Burns; Douglas and Oon-
attention to the eait. ' I ' ' .J.W. 1 Uf
a.im iln....tl...M 11
Ulli 1-ivb.uuvuMjr,
x hub, auk. , . ..." .vj . m.. .. vi
and's assurance that preparations for
Paris' defense were only "precaution
ary" failed today -to prevent, wide-,
spread alarm.
it was reported that trains were al
ready being loaded in the country with
enormous amounts of provisions destin
ed to enable the capital to withstand
prolonged siege.
Many people feared the Germans had
l.nail litk tt tlia ollia.' lonlra anil
were driving them into the city.
Battle Is Fierce. ,
Rotterdam, Aug. 27 Desperate fight-
ing between Belgians ana uerrnans at
Malines was reported here today. It
was said much of the town 'flad been
destroyed and that the . losses were
. National
Brooklyn - 1
Pittsbura- ..- - 0
Reulbach and McCarty; Harmon and
Ten innings.
R. H. E.
Philadelphia . . 2 6 3
Cincinnati . 3 7 3
Roseburg, Ore., Aug. 27. The Curry
county grand jury having refused to re
turn au indictment against Kiley Cooley
of San Francisco, arrested about si
months ago on the charge of murdering
Thomas Van Pelt in the isolated Chetco
district in 1898. it was doubtful today
what disposition would be made of the)
C'ooley has been at liberty on $o0,Q00
bail. , j