Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, February 02, 1914, Image 2

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    BSStoffial Page o& Tike Sale
m Capital
FEB. 2, 1914
The Capital Journal
The Barnes -Taber Company
GRAHAM P. TABER, Editor and Manager.
An Independent Newspaper Devoted to American Principle and the Progreea
and Development of Salem in Particular and All Oregon in General.
PakllibNl Knrj KfenlDg Kicept Bandar, Bslem, Oregon
(Invariably In Advance)
Bullr, ny Carrier, per rear ...15.20 Per month.. 45e
tally, bj Mall, per fear 4.00 Per month.. 85e
klv, bf Mall, per year .... 1.00 BH months .BOc
Advertising rates will be furnished on application.
"New Today" Ads. strictly casn In advance.
'Want" Ads. and
The Capital Journal carrier boys are Instructed to put the papers on the
porch. If the carrier does not do tills, misses you, or neglects getting the paper
to yon on time, kindly phone the circulation manager, as UiIb Is the only way we
can determine whether or not the carriers are following instructions. Phone
Main 82.
THIS is supposed to be a land of rofugo whore down trodden humanity
can find a homo. At least that was tho theory nt ono time, but tho im
migration laws have changed this somewhat. Now in order to gain
ailmiHaioir to this land of tho free and the homo of tho other fellows,
it is necessary that tho propoBod immigrant have in his possesion the
sum of $70 and also a good reputation. Among other things ho must not have
been, a law breaker, and must not have raised lunula against any form of gov
ernmental tyranny in IDs native country.
If these laws had boon in forco when your ancestors and ours came over
we would not havo had any ancestors, at least in this country.
As we remenbor history tho enrlior immigrants were nearly all of a class
opposed to the government .. under which they had been born, and which
they left and camo to America because they wore opposed to it. Some
of the old settlers had nothing when thoy landed on our shores, 'except stout
hearts and willing hands, but with thoso they made good. Under our prosout
immigration laws tho Saviour could not get pant Ellis Island, and indeed
we are some times in doubt as to whether Ho over did.
There is a case now before tho immigration authorities at Ellis Island
that shows the utter cruelty of our immigration laws,
A woman was recently doported from Argentina because she had been
deserted' by her husband before he had established his citizenship in that
country, and sho was refused permission to return to Russia, whence she
camo. She had four children nono over 10 years of ago and sho had no money.
She is refused permission to. make a homo in America lest sho become a pub
lic charge. The woman has committed no offense unless the bearing of four
children is a crimo, and sho cannot holp tho position or condition a worth
less husband has loft her in, If bIio whs permitted to land Bho might, for a
little while, be a public charge, but can tho American people afford to re
fuse her a place on earth whore she can endeavor to earn a living for her
children I Can we afford to pass by on tho other side and turn this woman
awny from tho only hopo of a home bIio may over have,' bocauso sho has not
$M)f Besides where can sho got Argentina has served notice on the world
that sho cannot stay there. Russia has also decreed (hat sho cannot find a
place for herself and her children on its inhospitable shores. .Will America
also turn Its back on her and close its door in her face! Tho law may re
quire this, but if it does then tho Booner the law is wiped off tho statute
books the better for us and the world.
Is America with her nearly 100,000,0(10 people and her hundreds of billions
of dollars afraid tho burden of the care of this ono poor woman and four
hclplcsB children will bo greater than shu can beart
THE ONE THING that gave the good roads movoment tho worst jolt of
all of the many it has revolved, was tho articles written by David Swing
Ilicker and printed in tho Oregonian, Tho utter unfairness of his state
ments concerning tho condition of the roads generally, and the fact that
ho was sent through the valley wlx'ii the roads wero flooded and almost
immssablo, to take pictures of them and hold out the Idea that that was their
usual condition made tho residents suspicious, and set them wondering what
it was done for, They realised that someone must bo paying Kicker for his
work and they naturally concluded that it was someouo that wns afraid to
come out In tho open, but was using Wicker to pull certain chestnuts from
tho firo for them.
There may have been nothing at all to this, but there might as well havo
boen, for the people so believed, and so believing resented what the consid
ered an attempt to bulldoze them, If the proposed bond issue fails to carry It
will be in a large measure due to tho trip and writings of David Swing Kick
er, or as ho signed himself In tho Taeoma Tribune, "Stephen Went worth,"
The scheme was still further given away by tho fact that as soon as Kicker
struck Jackson county, which had already voted bonds, ho boardod tho cars
and moved to California, There was no dirty work for him to do in that
county. Whoever engineered the scheme and sent Kicker through tho valley
overshot the mark, and turned hundreds of votes against tho bond issue.
AFTER some thousands of years of law making and amending, humanity
seems no nearer getting a sonslblo view of things than It had in tho
begluning. Our laws are fearfully and wonderfully made and they are
still more fearfully and wonderfully Interpreted. We havo never yot
been ablo to make tho punishment fit the crime, but havo seemingly
avoided doing so at every turn. If a man Is arrested charged with a minor
offense , if he has money, ho is fined which is no punishment at all, and If
he has not he is sent to jail, and the punishment falls en his family and
thoso dependent on him, If a man owns a dog and neglects to take out a
license for him, the dog is imprisoned and thrown in the pound for his mas
ter's offense, or neglect, though it cannot be charged that the dog has done
anything unlawful. Neither can it be claimed that the dog is deprived of
his liberty for tie purpose of reforming him, Strange, as It may seem, dogs
do not need reforming, men only requiring that gentle care and attention.
No doubt dog, if ho could speak would express some startling opinions
and truths about his brainy and intelligent master, man. If a laborer it out
of a job, aud Idle we put him In jail where he cannot work if he wants to,
and feed hint there instead of making some provision for folding him without
at the same time disgracing Mm and giving his manhood and self-respect a
jolt. We, as a nation, are partners lu the niunul'iicutro of alcohol draw down
nearly '.100,000,000 a year as our share of the plunder, and (hen chargo a
license for selling t and punish those who hnppen to use more of it than is,
in our opinion, good for them. In other words we 'sell a man goods and then
punish him for using them. We make th proHrty owner pay for paving the
street In front of his property for the public 's use, and then add the amount
ho has paid for the public benefit, to.hu assessment, and fine him forever in
tho way of tnnea for doing it. We ki k about the exnrbiant charges of rail
roads, and fine them if they make a reduction In said charge voluntarily.
We glvo awny the water fronts in our harbors and buy them back at any old
LAPP & BUSH, Bankers
price per front foot the recipient of our bounty may Bee fit to charge for these
same lands.
But why prolong the talo, the further it is examined tho worse it is, and
yet we apparently like it for we go on doing the same, thing. Would' you
blame tho dog, place! in the pound, for holding us up to the ridicule of the
balance of the canine family as a lot of very silly "Lords of Creation!"
The Evening Record, Marshfield's wide-awake daily announces that Coos
county has a candidate for congress in Fred Hollistcr, a lawyer of Marsh
field, who will make tho race on tho democratic ticket. While the district
has not been partial to democruts for this office, in the light of what it has
becning having in tho way of congressman for some years, a democrat might
have a fair chance of winniug just now. The Record points out that Southern
Oregon is entitled to the congressman, and if one district more than another
is so entitled, Southern Oregon is. That section has had but little in the way
of representation in state offices, and wo think the nominees for congress for
both parties should come from that section. Trot out your candidates on
both tickets and see what tho result will be. Southern Oregon can win bo
causo she deserves to win and. the office should go to a Southern Oregon
Great Mistake to Put off Working on
Roads Until August or Soptembor
Declare Experts.
Is absolutely necessary to give
the health that brings happiness,
a good appetite, restful sleep,
and makes you eager for life's
makes pure blood and so crcatos
.this much-desired condition.
Should Not Be Put off Until After
Crops Are Gathered and Split-log
l)rag Is Great Aid.
united fiikss lsased wine.
Washington, Feb. 2. It is a great
mistake to put off working roads until
August or September, according to roud
exports of the U, 8. Department of
Agriculture. The roads should be work
ed when tho soil is damp so as to make
the soil bake when it dries out. If
tho roads are worked when they are
dry, It takes more power to draw the
machine and besides dry enrth and dust
retain moisture and quickly nit after
rains. Tho uso of clods, sods, weeds
or vegetable matter In building ronds
should bo avoided because they also
retain moisture
If tho working of the roads is de
ferred until the latter port of the sum
mer when tho surfnee is linked dry and
hard, they nre not only difficult to
work, but the work Is unsatisfactory
when dono. Karth which is looso and
dry will remain dusty as long ns tho
dry weather lnsts, and then turn to
mud ns the rains begin. By using the
road machine in tho spring while the
soil is soft and damp, tho surface is
moro ensily shaped and soon packs
down into a dry hard crust which is
less liable to becomo dusty in summer
and muddy in winter.
Should Be Made as Needed.
Repairs to roads Bhould be mado when
needed and not once a year after crops
aro laid by. Because of its simplicity,
efficiency, and cheapness, tho split-log
drag or somo similnr device is destined
to come into more and more general
uso. With tho drag properly built and
its uso well understood, the mainte
nance of earth and gravM ronds become
n simple and Inexpensive mnttor. Care
fl.ould bo taken to mako tho log so light
that ono man can lift it with oaso, as
a light drag can be drawn by two mo
diuin sized horses and responds more
readily to various methods of hitchiug
and tho shifting position of tho opera
tor than a heavier one. Tho best ma
terial for tho drag Is a dry cedar
log, though elm, walnut, box elder or
soft maple are excellent. Oak hickory
or ash are too heavy. Tho log should
bo from seven to ten feet long, and
from eight to ten Inches In diameter.
It should be split carefully as near the
center ns possible and the heaviest and
best slab chosen for the front. When
tho soil is moist, but not sticky, the'
drBg does the best work. As the soil !
in tho field will bake If plowed wet,:
so the road will bake If the drag is ,
used on it when it is wet. If the road-1
way is full of holes or badly rutted the
drag should be used once when the
road is sett and slushy.
The earth road can best be crowned
Bnd ditched with a road machiue and
not with pick and shovels, scoops, jnd
plows. Ono road machine with a suit
able power and operator will do the
work of many men with picks and shov
els, and in addition will do it better.
If tho rood is composed of fine clay or
oil it will sometimes pay to resurface
it with top soil from an adjacent field,
which has sand or gravel mixed with
it. This method, called the "top soil
method," Is now In successful use iu
Clarke county, Georgia.
Crown for Roads.
Storm water should bo disposed of
quickly before it has had time to pe
etrate deeply into tho surface of the
road. This can be done by giving tho
rend a crown or slope from tho center
to tho sides. For an earth road which
is 24 feet wide tho center should be
not loss than 6 inches nor more thnn
12 inches higher than tho outer edges
of the Bhoulders. The narrow road
which is high In the middle will be
como rutted almost as quickly as one
which is too flat, for the reason that
on a narrow road all the traffic is
forced to use only a narrow strip.
Shoulders are often formed on both
sides of the road, which prevents storm
wnter from flowing into the side ditcheB
retaining it in the ruts and softening
tho roadway. These ruts and shoulders
can be entirely eliminated with the
road mnching of split-log drag.
The width of tho earth road will de
pend on the traffic. As a rule, 25 or
30 feet from ditch to ditch is sufficient
if the rond is properly crowned. Or
dinarily tho only ditches needed are
those mane with the road machine
which nre wide and shallow. Deep nar
row ditches wnsh rapidly, especially on
steep slopes. Tho earth road should
not be loosened, dug up, or plowed up
any more than is absolutely neces
sary. It should be gradually raised,
not lowered; hardened, nor softened.
The most popular
tea in tea anruung , t;
England's favorite for over
( 70 years
Lakevicw, which has been cut off
from communication with tho outside
world for a week, by the unprecedented
storms is again getting railroad service.
Citizens of Prosper are asking the
city health officers of Coos county to
establish a quarantine, as thero is an
epidemic of diphtheria there.
The Roguo river section is shipping
potatoes and onions to Texas, and lots
of them, too.
Grants Pass is for the third timo to
vote on amending tho city charter so
that a bond issue to aid in building
railroads can be voted on by the city.
E. A. Fitzgerald, a convict paroled
from the svate prison recently, lectured
before the Y. M. C. A. at Baker City,
and afterwards collected quite a sum
of money as subscriptions to "Lend a
Hand," the prison paper. Then ho sud
denly disappeared. Needless to say
"Loud a Hand" did not get the money,
and the subscribers did not get the
Latest reports show that there are
several thousand bales of hops still un
sold in Polk county.
The Dnnkards down Ashland way nre
getting effitninnte, They are using the
warm springs near that city to baptise
their converts, on account of the cold
wenther and coMer wnter.
Juiitura Time: The Jordan Valley
Express say that Malheur county is too
large and should be sliced up.
In response to a request published
in the Express for "Bog Brothers" two
men in Tbanen subscribed each to
ward the boys' nthletie club, which will
pay the due of 10 boys who otherwise
could not belong.
The live little town of Molalla has
1 a commercial club that has instructed
' a committee "to see what can be done
in the matter of erecting a commercial
building to Include a gymnasium and a
place for the young men.1'
Bend Bulletin: We observe that the
Prineville Review is now being eon
ducted by Mrs. A, II. Kennedy, and
take the opportunity to extend onr
greetings and wish her success, Mrs.
Kennedy it the only woman publisher in
now received every day by freight and express. Come and walk through the big Chciago
store and see the new arrivals.
Ladies' Coats and Suits
In Up to the Hour Styles. - No Big Prices Asked
Small prices is our motto to introduce the new models. Values that later on will be a
great deal more. Now specially priced.
$8.90, $9.90, $12.50 and up
Embroideries and Laces
Twenty thousand yards now piled out on our counters, and marked at prices so low that
selling will be lively. Flouncings, all kinds from 27-inch up to 45-inch. Laces and Dress
Trimmnigs also on display. Yard
3c, 5c, 7c, 8 l-3c, 10c, 15c and up
I New Silks, New Dress Goods and Ginghams
Now piled out on our counters. Come and get the best bargains in Salem.
Clearing Prices
On odd lots of Men's and Ladies' Hosiery and Underwear, Blankets, Comforts aad Men's
and Boys' Clothing.
on sale
for 40c
,'''"l,-'"-'"-'-J-'"-'-1 J' '""- w -r-- - - T:i.r -,ri . , mi',
'.i lulifl -"'I nrm ilna
Crook coun
ity, if not in the Btate of Ore-
The Now Era has visions of a rejuv
enation of the ancient town of Umatil
la. It hopes the many rumors of real
estate transfers are founded on fact,
and "would like to see good and com
modious homes take the place of the
many shacks with which our town is so
plentifully supplied. "
"With the reasons apparently turned
topsy-turvoy," says the Fossil Journal,
"the people of Wheeler county have
been privileged to enjoy another week
of grand spring weather in what the al
manac says is winter time. Better
weather for Bod plowing could not be
imagined, and gross and grain are
growing every day."
Editor Capital Journal: By your per
mission I want to thank "Liberty"
for his splendid article published In
last Friday 'a Journal. It was timely
and to, the point, and is the best com
mon Bense view of the situation yet
published. H ought to be printed n
pamphlet form for distribution and a
copy framed for hanging up in all
Booster headquarters. The proposed
big new issue will bo mostly for auto
mobiles and is all right to them that
can afford It, but the wage-earner, with
a litle home to maintain, alrendv
tax-ridden with whip and spur, will
have to be satisfied with getting out
of the way and eat the dust these fel
lows will sot to whirling. Again thank
ing "Liberty" for his article and, as
the case demands, hope for another ex
pression from him.
Editor Capital Journal: If Mr. Hall
berg saw a band of hawks, he is one of
the most favored of men. If he or any
othor one will show me a band of more
than two hawks, I will agree eat all
above that number, tough as they might
It is a very rare thing to see more than
'one hawk "in a band."
What Mr. H. evidently saw was tho
straggling flock of crows that pass up
the river by my place regularly every
morning, returning in the evening to
their roosting place north of town.
j Salem, Or., February 1, 1914.
I ' '
Journal "Want Ads" bring results-
Suggestions for Salem's Slogan
Name and adJrete of the person making the
above iuggestien.
or Scarct Fovor
I a cricfcaf pmrioJ mjiimi
throat; dtlicaf bronchial tub mmd
untoanj lung oftmn follow saw
timm Impuirtd tight or hearing.
taken promptly and regularly after
the fever subside It quickly re
store pure blood and strengthen
the lung. It nourishing fore re
store appetite. strength and energy
just the elemeata naturt)
requlrr to nntor sound
health; It Is totally free
from alcohol or harmful
ChiUres. reluh it
House of Half a Million Bargains
Com and se the biggest wodr ia the history of Palem. We buy and
sell even-thing from a need.e to a piece of gold. We pay the highjst
cash price for everything. Complete tinshop set tools for sale.
H. Steinbock Junk Co.
Salem, Oregon. n,,,, M,in 224
Z33 Btate Street.
Marion Second Hand Store
A new storo just opened. A great opportunity for Salem people. We sell
new goods. We buy and sell second hand furniture, stoves, clothing,
tools, hardware and men'a furnishings. We pay highest prices for t
t tuHuing, snoes ami mrnisnings. Lomo to us for bargains. f
t Marion Second Hand Store I
I 449 Ferry Street. rhon M(tin tKJ I
4 t4AtHnt ttnttmtiiuu