Daily capital journal. (Salem, Or.) 1903-1919, May 05, 1913, Image 1

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    i TDE BEST
Investigators Spend a Much
for a Meal a Girl Must
Live on for a Week.
Says No Self-Bespecting Community
I Accept One of tb
Fraud's Libraries.
Washington, May 5. Senator Works,
in discussing- wages and wage-earners
this niorting said: "The accumulation
of the millions of dollars now resting
in the hands of a comparatively few
people in this country was in the mem
Ibeen accomplished through the toil of
many underpaid employes who are still
struggling on for a mere existence. In
vestigations have been going on, nota
bly in Chicago, to determine the wages
paid, especially to women and girls, for
their labor, and testimony has been
taken to determine whether such an
employe can live on $8 a week. With
them it is not a question of the accumu
lation of money. That is not thought
of. It is only a question of existence;
A Sharp Comparison.
"Incongruous as it may seem, the
distinguished gentlemen who carry on
these investigations and the witnesses
-who aro called upon to testify often
pend more for one meal than the
-weekly allowance of many such em
ployes. Thousands of these - unfortu
nates are not paid even $8 a week. In
deed the evidence tends to showand I
.think it is a fact, that in this country
the average wage for such employes
docs not exceed $5 a week. Take for
example, the department store through
out the country. . What I have said
about the avetagb wages paid applies to
that lndnstry. Women and girls labor
long hours for wages upon which it is
impossible for them to subsist, while
many of the proprietors of such estab
lishments grow rich, in money, if not
.in good deeds. If any attempt is made
to reduce the hours of labor of such
employes or to increase their wages, the
employers rise up and declare that the
wages are sufficient, and that to in
crease them would ruin their business;
jind while we are passing laws and mak
ing long speeches about contracts and
combinations in restraint of trade, the
injustice of the employers toward the
'helpless employes receives but scant at
tention. Women and Children Suffer.
In the adjustment and paymont of
wages women and children are the
createst suffcrors. A woman equally
competent with a man, who does equal
ly good and efficient work, cannot com
mand the same wages a man receives.
This is so not only in the management
of private corporations, but the same
discrimination is made, I am sorry to
sav. in public employment. What are
we to do, then, to remedy1 these press
ing evils? First, stringent laws ade
quately enforced must be provided to
exclude vicious, Ignorant and otherwise
objectionable immigrants. Second, the
livelihood and independence of citizens
nlrealdy here must be protected by se
turlng to them reasonable wages and
hours of labor. Third, the national
government must rcgulato both pricos
and wages of corporations and individ
uals doing interstate business. Fourth,
those laws must be supplemented hy
state laws of a kind regulating prices,
wages to be paid and hours of labor."
Even Charities Commercialized.
.Senator Works said later in his
"Even the charities of the present
day hny,e become commercialized. They
aro carried on as a business. They are
doing more, perhaps, than almost any
other Influence to make this nation a
country of mendicants and beggors.
Take a concrete example: One of the
millionaires of the day conceived that
an easy and convenient way of ridding
himself of some of his useless and bur
densome millions and at the same time
exnlting himself, would bo the giving
away of public, library buildings.
"They are always distinguished by
having his name attached -to them.
These libraries have been constructed
in cities and towns without number all
over the country. These municipalities
have made themselves the objects of
charity and more of them are begging
for like favors.' Any self-respecting
community should be ashamed to accept
charity of this kind under any circum
stances. Much more should they refuse
to accept it as coming from such a
. source.
"There must not be a dominating or
Elect Senators Direct
State Capitol, Sacramento, Cal.,
May S. By unanimous vote the
senate today passed Senator
Shanahan's amendments to the
political code directing for the
direct election of United States
senators by the. people, rather
than by the California legislature.
There was no debate and no op
position to the amendments,
which now go to the, assembly for
Governor Johnson Will Not Sign BUI
Before May 12 Japan May File
(By John Nevins, Staff Correspondent
of the United Press.)
Washington, Mbv 5. President Wil
son proposes to make the department of
commerce a substitute for dollar diplo
macy. He intends to broaden its scope,
develop American trade and remove
suspicions that the department is a po
litical adjunct. The president made
this plain at today's conference with
the newspaper correspondents. Later in
the day the president and Secretary
Ref iold conferred over the plan.
The administration is "marking
time" until the return of Secretary of
State Bryan before commenting on the
anti-alien land law passed by the Cali
fornia legislature. President WilBon
has received the full text of the bill by
telegraph, and a oopy has been sent to
John Bassett Moore, counselor for the
state department, who will consider its
international aspects.
Governor Johnson, of California, has
informed the president that he will not
sign the bill until May 12 and the pres
ident expects to wire his attitude to the
governor immediately after Secretary
Bryan arrives in Washington.
Japan has not formally protested the
land bill, but it is expected such action
will be taken Boon. The administration
will not reply to Japanese representa
tions until Bryan returns.
President Wilson is still conferring
with house and senate currency commit
tees regarding a curroncy roform bill.
Koports that certain Democratic and
Republican senators have succeeded in
getting sufficient votes to put a duty
on wool and to eliminate the free su
gar clause of the tariff bill are not dis
turbing President Wilson. He does not
beliove they have a chance to succeed.
Thorp and Calhoun Charged With Buy
ing and Receiving Two Carloads of
Stolen Horses.
Governor West today issued requisi
tion papers for Coleman Calhoun and
Willis Thorp, now at Toppenish, Wash.,
who are accused of buying and receiv
ing two carloads of horses that wore
stolon from George H. Russell, W. W.
Browu and J. W. Brady. Thorp and
Calhoun wore found at Toppenish with
certain of the horses in their possession,
it is asserted, and the Crook county
grand jury has indicted both of them.
Thorpe and Calhoun will be brought
back to Priuevtlle to stand trial for
the offense charged.
Alfonso Visits Paris.
Maris, May 5. Considerable signifi
cance is attached here today to the ap
r.roaeliinif visit of King Alfonso of
Spain, Diplomats hero profoes to be
lieve that it may mean entrance of
Spain into an alliance with Franco, Rus
sia and Great Britain. Alfonso will ar
rive here Wednesday, and plans to leave
superior class in this country. The
equality of sll men must bo made a
reality and not a theory. This must be
made and maintained as a government
of tho people. If the Democratic party
can an-1 will accomplish these results,
demanded by the peoplo, It may live
and maintain itself in power. If it docs
not, its reign will be brief. If neither
of the old parties can or will restore the
government to the people as our fore
fathers handed down, then a new part
will be raised up that will do the peo
pie's will.
Leader Says Violence Is Resort
ed to Only to Attract Pub
lic Attention.
The British Government Etas Now Har
nessed Its Machinery to the Suf
fragette Car.
(By Ed. L. Keene, London Sorrespond
ent of the United Press.)
London, May 5. Far from being
daunted by what they call the "belated
activity" of Home Secretary McKen
na, who ordered last week 's raid on the
women's social and political union
headquartors, the militant suffragetee
of Great Britain are greatly encour
aged. ' '
They look upon the action of the
home office as "government recogni
tion," and declare by such action the
government has shouldered the publici
ty end of the militant's campaign. In
fact, the suffragettes view the raid and
the suppression of The Suffragette as
what' Americans call "a bone-head
play. " Miss Elizabeth Robins, for
merly of Louisville, Ky., an American
suffragette sympathizer, who is now at
Henfield, today Bummed up the situa
tion for the United Press. Miss Rob
ins is an author of note, having written
several popular books, and many widely-read
magazine articles on suffrage
and militancy.
"The British government has utterly
failed to deter militancy by this great
act of repression," Miss Robins said,
"but actually baa advanced it appre
ciably. To Make Them Take Notice.
"Militancy's aim is essentially eon
struotion and not destruction, but
certain amount of destruction has been
necessary to make the people tako no
tice. It is a difficult thin gin a busy
world, to get people to stop long enough
to -consider our needs, and hence it is
necessary to startle and shock them a
bit. That has been the reason for all
our acts of so-called violence.
"The chief functions of the militants
j i .t.: ..l.i:u,. v:l. i. I
today is to achieve publicity, whjch is
difficult and costly, evon with suffra
gettes at work who are admittedly
"For $30,000 the suffragettes could
not have obtained such effective ad
vertisement for the cause as wo ob
ctained for nothing, when the govern
ment took hold and shut up our head
quarters. "The action of the home office is
virtually geometrical recognition of us.
It has called tho attention of the whole
country, has had the world, to our
struggle, and if once we can make the
public think, we will got the vote.
"The British government has now
harnessed its machinory to the suffrage
car, making itself a valuable, though
unconscious agent in the work of ac
quainting the powerful with the evil
plight of the less.
A Great Advertisement.
"In tho arresting of seven women,
Scotland Yard has aroused the attention
of tons of thousands of people who hith
erto have been unmindful, and the ex
penses of our propaganda, which were
formerly borno by the suffragettes and
their frio'nds alone, are now shared by
the general house, with tho unwilling
help of the anti-suffrago taxpayers.
"The government's determination is
(Continued on Pago Five.)
It is understood themntter of the
ordinance providing for tho recall of
city officials will come before tho coun
cil in some shape tonight. It has been
helil that tho recall luw, as passed by
the legislature, is not in force in cities,
until mado so by ordinance, ami this is
why some aetion has to be taken on it
by the city council before it can be
made operative here in Salem.
Just whnt the council will do with it
remains to bo seen, but there is a ru
mor, an insisten one, that any attempt
to pass an ordinance making Halciu'a
officials subject to recall will be bitter
ly opposed, anil probably defeated. Of
course, this la only a rumor, for no one
has the right to scak for the council
men in advance. However, the ruinoi
has been widely spread, and is causing
considerable comment, the gist of whies
A Bomb In the Mails.
London, May 3. The lives of
200 men and women were jeop
ardized here today when a nitro
glycerine bomb was found among
parcels in the southeastern dis
trict postoff ice, . Militant suf rag
ettes are suspected. The bomb
was discovered by mail sorters.
It was filled with enough explo
sive to have blown the building
to atoms.
If He Is Convicted oil All Counts in
the Indictment He May Be Knocked
Ont for 45 Tears.
Chicago, May 5, Jack Johnson, a ne
gro prize fighter, was arraigned in the
United States district court here today
on charges of violating the Mann white
slavery act. The court room was packed,
at least half of the spectators being wo
men. Six deputy marshals were re
quired to keep order.
Belle Schreiber, whom Johnson is al
leged to have taken from one state to
another for immoral purposes, was
brought to court early from a hotel,
where she has been tn hiding. The de
fense attorneys are trying to prevent
the negro's white wife from attending
the trial, fearing her presence would
prejudice the jury.
Johnson appeared in the county
court, accompanied by his brother. If
he is convicted on all the counts in the
indictment he can be sentenced to 45
years' imprisonment, aud fined $90,000.
Benjamin Bachrach, Johnson's at
torney, announced that the prize
fighter, if acquitted, would loave Amor-
- lea immediately, probably going to
To locate a stolen horse bofore the,
owner was aware of the fact his prop -
ertv had been taken was the experience
hen the marshal of Tangent, a town in I
. . " . I
Linn county, telephoned that he was
holding two roform school boys pending
investigation. I
Sheriff Each called up tho reform !
school aud was advised that two hovs
had escaped last Saturday and had no
more than completed his conversation
with tho institution authorities when a
farmer residing between Jefferson and
Marion called up aud informed tho au
thorities that he had been deprived of
a horse anil buggy hy some unknown
person or persons. Jt then aovoloped
that after the lads escaped, they walked
as far as the farmer's place and stole
tho horse and rig and drove to Tangent
where they were detained.
Mexicans Have a Fight
Nogales, Ariz., May 5. News reached
here today of a battle near Kmplamo, in
which Mexican federals from Guaymai
were repulsed by Mexican constitution
alists after a terrible battle. It is re
ported that 300 federals were taken
Weather Forecast.
Ongon Fair and warmer to
night and Tuesday. Northerly
seems to be tl'at tlio council, if the ordl
nance comes up at all, will be in vcrj ,
small business to refuse to pass it.
"It will look," said one, "as thoiigr
the councilmen were afraid it would be
tried on them, and, if they are nfiuid.
then it is evident that they should be
recalled, fur the mnn who is doing his
dutyneod not bo afraid of anything."
Another remarked ; "Failure to pn-s
this ordinance making it possible for
the recall to be used, should it ever be
roallV needed, would bo a high-handed
proceeding of the worst kind. It would
indicate that the counellmen considered
themselves above the roach of the peo
ple, and not willing to abide by their
opinion, or to pay any attention to their
Still another said; "It is the peo
pie's right to have the laws in shape
so the recall ran be used if It la evef
Commission Men Went to Su
burbs and Bought All of
the Farmers' Produce
Hired Motor Trucks, Met Fanners Out
side City, Bought and Sent All
Ftodacts to Market.
dmitid rasas uisso win.
Los Angeles, Cal., May 5. Citizens
of Hollywood took a hand today in the
war declared between produce commis
sion men and consumers, following the
establishment of free curb markets in
various parts of Los Angeles late last
To checkmate alloged agonts of the
commission men, who, on the day of the
market opening, went to the suburbs
and bought up all produce consigned by
ranchers to the free markets, citizens
hired motor trucks and met the ranch
ers at daylight at a point outside the
city limits, purchasing their entire
stocks and bringing them to the Holly
wood public market. There the pro
duce was sold at cost. Hundreds of
housewives bought fresh eggs, butter
and vegetables at the free market at
considerably less than market prices.
A citizens' organization is being
formed today for similar handling of
produce, pending the action of the Los
Angeles city council, on a petition to
compel a cessation of the interference
by the alleged agents of the commission
San Francisco, May 5. A lone high
wayman shortly afternoon today en
tered the office of Ilorman Saxo, aged
42, a diamond broker, in the Whitney
buildini here, shot Saxe ovor the heart,
I fatally wounding him, seized $4000
worth of diamonds and $1583 in cash
nd escaped before those attracted by
the shot burst into the office. There is
little chance of Saxe's recovery.
Dotectivos from polico hoadquartors
. . . . L
wore unable to socuro any statement
from Saxo, tho doctors having failod to
revive the wounded man.
A search of the office revealed a do-
P0" "P ou wllich it was shown that
$400 in gold and $1185 in currency hud
boon prepared by the jowolor to bo tak
en to the bank.
According to roliablo reports from all
ovor th0 Pacific Northwest, the fruit
crop prospects wore never bettor than
they aro today. Tho light frosts which
have bueu more or less diseussod, have
done little, if any harm. Cherries,
peaches, apples and pears will be a bet
tor crop thau last year, is it predicted
The condition of fruit throughout the
Pacific Northwest is figured at better
than 100 per cent.
Woman Wants the Place.
onitsd rnsss ijused wias.1
Portland, Or., May 5. Successful In
securing tho nomination for councilman
at large In Saturday 'a primaries, L, Vic
toria Hampton, a woman physician, an
nouncod today that she will run for
commissioner under the new commission
charter just adopted. Dr. Hampton has
placed her nominating petition in circu
lation. I
necessary, and tho quicker this is pro
vided for the better, for it will have to
be done some time, No one wants to
reeall any one just now, but should they
ever desire to do so, tho ordinances
ought to have things in shape, fur it.
No councilman eon afford to place him
self in til ii position of voting nuuinst
the measure, and thus causing the sus
plelon that ho feared It might bo tried
on him, Tho people aro unanimous In
demanding that the ordinance be paused
and many havn stated they would be on
hand tonight to see what was done with
the matter. Tho recall may not bo used
in years, but when the occasion arises,
If it over does, t!.e means of putting It
Into effect should bn already for use."
The Capital Joiirnul has had a dozen
phono calls today concerning the mat
ter, which shows the wide interest taken
in it.
Montenegro Yields.
London, May 5. Final submis
sion to the dmands of the powers
by King Nicholas of Montenegro
and the consequent evacuation of
Scutari was announced this even
ing by Premier Asquith in the
house of commons. Asquith de
clared that during the afternoon
Montenegro has cabled its will
ingness now to evacuate the dear
ly bought fortress and to leave
its disposal to the powers.
A Miz-Up That Did Not Last Long.
But Was Interesting for a Few
Appearing as though some one had
been cleaning fish' and using his fea
tures for the foundation, Scott Jacob
son, a fanner residing three miles north
of Chemawa, mado a painful exit from
an Oregon Electric car yesterday aftor
noon and fared forth in search of s
physician who would patch up at least
two dozen lacerations showing promi
nently about the face and hands as the
result of a yearling bull dragging him
through a barbed-wire fence.
According to Jacobson, he attempted
to load his prize animal from one pas
ture to another yestorday about 12
o'clock, and turn him loose on a nice
field of grass. The bull, gottlng funny,
made a dash for nowhere in particular
and the owner's right leg became en
tangled In a rope which dangled from
an additional halter he was carrying, In
such a manner as to tether him fast.
The bull ran toward' a barbed-wire
fence and, fooling still funny, promptly
jumpcu oven tne top wire and started
down the mad lickety-split. Jacobson
says he brought up hard against the
fence and the animal, fooling the sud
den pull, steerod off northward which
was parallel to the fence. He was drag
god along the fence for a rod or two
bofore the sportive boast halted long
enough to allow its "mastor" to liber
ate himsolf from the rope.
Jacobson 's face bore signs of the
strugglo, but he managed to grin and
cusb" the four-footed boast that
bruised him up. "I'll get 'lm," said
the injured man. "I sure will. Burn
his worthless pelt; I'll kill him and
make) his hido pay my doctor bill."
After Bolng Buncoed, His Money Was
Rotumed and He Was Bent Out
of the Country.
Ban Francisco, May 5. Hilvio Buona
carsi, flcocod, it is alleged, out of $700
by an Italian bunco rlug here and then
given transportation to Homo, and his
$700 returned when ho mado an "awful
holier to tho polico," Is oxpectod hero
within throe days to tostlfy against the
detectives involved in Ban Frunc.lsco's
polico graft scandal. This announce
ment was mado hero today by District
Attorney Fickort.
Aftor fleecing Iluonacarsl of $700,
Michael Oullo alleges, Dotoctlvo Frank
Ksola attempted to "shake down" tho
bunco ling for $1000, assorting, accord
ing to Guild, that that amount was
needed to pacify the victim, who was
"siii'uliiig hard." Oullo sworo that
KhijIii'k ilemunils wore turned down, the
bunco lenders returning Buouarnrsi hi
flallo told the jury that Ksola intend
ed giving Iluonacarsl only $'00, pock
eting the rest. Hiiouni-arsi is returning
to Han Francisco, the district attorney
says, to eorroliornto (lallo's charges.
Tho grand jury will continue its prnlio
tomorrow. John Horgotti, who was nr
, ,.i.i r,ti,i ., ..i ,!- I.
also expected hern tomorrow to testify
against tho accused deteetives.
Famous Pastor Dead,
InNiTrn r-HBUt ijusitn wihi.I
Pittsburg, Pa., May 5. -Hov. Ir. E.
Trumbull Ijco, pastor of tho First Pres
byterian ehuri'h of SVilkinsburg, a sub
urb, is ili ad at his home today aftor an
illness it several months. Dr. Loo, who
was chairman of thu permanent roiq-
mitteo on tninperniice of tho Presbyte
rian church of North America, was
widely known on the Pacifio coast.
State Engineer's Quarterly Re- -
port Shows 114 Permit
Reclaim 49,071 Acre.
One Portland Company Plans to Irri
gate 20,000 Acres on the Head
waters of the Deschutes Rivet.
During the past quarter llV permits
to appropriate water have been issued
by the state engineer, under which it i
pioposed to irrigate 49,071 acres, de
velop 1551 horse power, and ' supply
water for domestic and municipal use.
These permits alto include 11 for the
construction of reservoirs for the stor
age of 8029 acre feet. A total of $2288
in foes has been paid to the state for
these privileges.
These permits cover some large irri
gation projocts, perhaps the most im
portant is that filed by the Oregon Land-
corporation of Portland, which cover,
about 20,000 acres on the head water
of the Deschutes river in the vicinity of
Crescent This project covers a part of
the wagon road grant, and it is the pur
pose of the parties handling it to effect
an exchange with the forest service to
that the land to be irrigated will lie in
a compact body, instead of every odd
section, as granted to the road com
pany. The water for this project will
bo taken from Cottonwood, Miller,
Shoestring and Sink creeks, and entails
the construction of a reservoir at Fish
T. W. Osgood, of Medford, contem
plates the irrigation of about 9000
acres tn what is known as the Foot
Hills Irrigation Project. The water for
this project wiU be taken from Emi
grant and Keene creek, and Involve
the construction of a reeervolr,n Kena
Irrigation Near Stayton.
W. L, Benham, of Eugenie, contem
plates the Irrigation of about 7000 acre
in the vicinity of Stayton, with the
waters of thu Bantiam river. This pro
ject adjoins the project of the WHIam
otte Valley Irrigated Land Company,
upon which considerable construction
work has boon done, and some land ir
rigated. If the plans of J. C. Hannum, of
Farkdale, are carried out the Glacier
Irrigation Company, In the Hood River
Valloy will secure an additional supply
of wator from Fall Croek for the Irriga
tinn of the 4000 acres in this project.
Among other large appropriations'
made during this quartor are those by
Thomas and Walter, of Chicago, for the
irrigation of 2200 acres with the water
cf Trout creek, in the southern part of
Harney county j the Bnako Rlvor Dis
trict Improvement Company, of Woiser,
Idaho, for the irrigation of 2500 acres
with the wator pumped from Snake riv
er; C. R. Shipman, of Glendalo, for the
dovolopment of 1020 horse power with
tho waters of Cow creek, in Douglas
county, and the Golden Gate Mining?
Company, of Marion, Ohio, for the gen
eration of S000 horso power with the
waters of Granite Boulder croek, In
Grunt county.
According to tho permits Issued, a
now or aditinual water supply is to ba
furnished the cities of Brighton, Wheel
er and Paisley.
Clyde Hill, who has been employe's
at the Mhafnr pool rooms for sovornl
years, 'ins resigned and Is now in Stay
tun, the homo of his folks and Mr.
Hill's slumping ground in his kldhood.
Jlefore leaving Ralem, Clyde sent
word ilnng to his folks to plaeo an ex
tra board In tho Initio, grcaso up the
iiisiness end of the extra dining chair
and prepare to accommodate a very
hungry end healthy Individual who was
perfectly familiar with tho good things
mother makes, Before leaving, Clyde.
n,ys th" family has been feeding tin
limine ; nf out of his plate for about ten
years, t. ml his lust request was dispatch
ed from hero di reeling father and moth
er to put tlio cut on more simplo service
n ml pliuc his plute back in tho old ac
customed spot.
Mr, Hill says he hus played In great
luck, as his father usually raised a
largo gnrden lint this yonr decided to
plant tlio truck spneo in oats and he Is
uniler the impression it Is not quite
necessary to hoo oats or split one's
knees looking for potato bugs.
The orchards are going to voto for
an Iminouso crop.