Herald and news. (Klamath Falls, Or.) 1942-current, January 03, 1964, Page 5, Image 5

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    (01 (puj
terness along Israeli-Jordanian
' l Nil fMW 'Srllf lri4t A3 ' I
4. vw w
nun waits just outside No Man's Land to greet friends coming over from the Jordanian
side. Both Arab and Jewish leaders have hailed Pope Paul Vl's plan to visit Jerusalem.
UPI Telephoto
Three Time-Worn Churches Mark
Christianity's Significant Caves
Pilgrimage with Pope Paul
No. 4
the last of four dispatches de
scribing the places and
shrines Pope Paul VI will visit
in the Holy Land on his tour
Jan. 4-6. Today: The churches.
To an extraordinary degree,
the ancient rock caves of the
Holy 'Land play a central role
in Christianity.
Christ is believed lo have
been born in a cave in Hie
rocks at nearby Bethlehem. A
tomb in the rocks here in Je
rusalem is laid to have re
ceived His crucified body. H is
believed that it was in a cave
on the Mount of Olives that He
held his last meeting with the
Churches have been built on
all three spots. The early Chris
tians located them by tradition,
even though Jerusalem was de
stroyed by the Roman. Titus, in
70 A.D., and desecrated more
than 60 years later by the Em
peror Hadrian.
Constantine the Great, a con
vert and the first Christian em
peror, found the three caves of
the Nativity, the Entombment
and the Ascension and built
churches in their honor.
The Church of the Holy
Sepulchre here in Jerusalem is
to be a focal point of Pope
Paul's pilgrimage. Hadrian built
a temple to Aphrodite over the
spot but the remains of this pa
gan shrine were removed by
Macarius in 325 A.D., and a
Jewish tomb was found.
The rock was laboriously cut
away, the tomb chamber isolat
ed and the Anastasius, a circu
lar building, constructed. The
present church is a group of
buildings dating from the Mid
dle Ages and there is little
trace of the work started by
Constantine at the encouraging
of his mother, St. Helena.
The facade of the church is
obscured by iron scaffolding
erected in 1933 to prevent fur
ther decay. The three faiths
which share the church the
Roman Catholic, the Greek Or
thodox and the Armenian
were unable to agree on a uni
fied reconstruction program un
til tin's year.
Inside the massive double
fronted wooden doors, Pope
Paul will stand at the foot of
what tradition says is Cal
vary. To reach the summit, the
pilgrim mounts a flight of stairs
to the right of the entrance.
From there a stone staircase,
blackened by the smoke of mil
lions of candles carried by the
devout down through the ages,
leads to the place of Crucifixion.
Down ajiother flight of stairs
and past the stone where Jo
seph and Nieodcmus prepared
the body for burial is the Holy
First Church of
A Brunch o Tht Molhtr Church
c.:.aia in lottan. Moil.
U mitt: Sunder f ric ' ' :
Sundor School 11:00 t.m.
Wcdntiday ttm TtHimenv Meftinj 8:00 O'Cleck
Lcuon Sermon Subject,, January 5, 1964
Golden Tai: RlHon 4:8. Holy, holy, holy. Lord God
Almiahtv, which wat, and h, and is to eomt.
Nanar? iacililiat erailablt daring ckurch Mrvices.
Falls, Oregon Friday, January 3,
& i.v.- tera mm fit vf!
No Man'i Land Keep Out"
border in Jerusalem. Israeli
Sepulchre itself. It is inside an
octagonal church within a
church and is so small that only
three or four persons at one
time may kneel to pray over
the marble slab atop the tomb.
The first church at the Shrine
of the Nativity in Bethlehem
also stems from Constantine.
lie erected a basilica to which
Justinian added in 530 A.D.
Time has dealt harshly with
the original walls and columns,
hut the shape of the basilica
and the Grotto of the Nativity
beneath the altar are the same
as they were in the original
The present basilica measures
150 feet in length and is more
than 100 feet wide. Divided by
rows of rescoed columns into
five parallel aisles running east
and west, it is decorated with
The original manger In the
rock was replaced by one of
viivc a ciivec cta hna been
GRANITE STORAGE VAULT The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints re
cently unveiled a maze of caverns and tunnels in a rugged granite mountain area 20
miles south of Salt Lake City which wil be used for storage of church records. The
project cost $1.5 million.
Priest Spurs
(UPI i With the help and coun
sel of the Rev. John A. Diet
rich, a Maryknoll father, inhabi
tants of this "green hell" jun
gle area of Eastern Bolivia
have organized a model Brazil
nut and rubber cooperative.
When Father Dietrich first ar
rived in 1957, families roamed
the jungles looking for nuts and
collected them by hand. Now
tliis toun of 600 has a Brazil
nut plant, a rubber processing
plant, and a plant for making
oil from nuts.
Recently a bulldozer was
Christ, Scientist
Tlit Fint Church ot Chtiir,
10th and Waihinfton
reflect! tension
policemen stand
nd bit-
guard as
sunk in the marble floor at the
spot accepted by ClH-istians as
the birthplace of Christ. A La
tin inscription, lit by 15 silver
lamps, reads "Hie dc Virginia
Maria Jesus Christus natus est"
Here of the Virgin Mary Je
sus Christ was born.
Constantine's Church of the
Ascension was destroyed by the
Persians but the Patriarch Mo
destus rebuilt it from the foun
dation. The Crusaders finished
a new octagonal building in 1102
and it has been preserved in
its essentials to this day.
Lessons, Songs,
SUMMER LAKE - A festival
of lessons and carols was
featured at pre-Christmas serv
ices at Church of Our Saviour
on Dee. 22.
Participating in the readings
were Casey Claggett, Marvin
Marcus, Rosalie Claggett,
Elaine and Janice Foster.
bought by the cooperative and
plans are underway to clear
land for new crops chocolate,
vanilla, coffee, rubber and ipe
cac la pharmaceutical .
Today we itond on tht rhrtlhold of a brand nw
ytar. This ytor will bo na diltercnr from all the part
yean in our livai. Wa cannot set one step ahtod. We
know abiolutely nothing of what Mai before m. For ell
et ui it will be a new and unknown path. Will we live to
tee another year? Will Jelus come in 19647 From salt
aiperiencei we can eipect many unwelcome surpritet.
Our hearts wauld be tilled with fear were it net for the
wonderful promises of God. It if really wonderful to know
thot God knows the way end hat made plant for ut.
Because af this wa rest upon Hit promises.
For strength and encouragement read Mart. 28:20;
1 Pet. S: 6. 7; Rom. 8: 22-39.
Remember He knowt the woy. Follow Himt Let Him
he your guide, end thit will indeed be a Happy New
Y"' C. WAYNl LOW!, Eengtlii
220S Wantland Ave. Ph. TU 2-0374, 2-457
You Are Cordially Invited To Worship With Us
To Describe
India Work
A missionary's experiences in
India will be related by Rev.
Casey Nortun, the guest speak
er at the Bible Baptist Church
on Sunday, Jan. 5. The pub
lic is invited to attend the 7
p.m. service.
Multiplicity of languages is
one diflicult problem faced by
Reverend Norton and other mis
sionaries in the country. People
speaking six different languages
may be in the audience when he
preaches in Pandhurna.
These six languages, spoken
hy various groups in central
India, are Marathi, Gondhi, Hin
di, Urdu, Gujuarati, and Sindhi.
Since the missionary knows
only one of the languages, Mar
athi, his presentation cannot be
understood by others unless they
know Marathi as a second lan
guage. Although many Indians
do speak more than one lan
guage, he has found that there
are always some w ith whom he
is unable to communicate.
Another problem which Nor
ton encounters is the difficulty
that Indians have in under
standing the concepts of Chris
tianity. Therefore, missionary
work in India involves much
patient teaching and explaining
before even a few are willing
to make the drastic change of
becoming a Christian.
Before beginning his assign
ment in India with the Conserva
tive Baptist Foreign Mission
Society of Whcaton, 111., Rever
end Norton was graduated from
the Bercan Bible College in
Calgary, Alberta. After a year
of furlough, during which he
and his family will make their
home in Canada, he will return
lo India to continue missionary
Herald Holiday
Charlotte Harris, Ardys Marcus
and Ray Harlan of Lakeview.
Mrs. James Foster and four
daughters, Terry Ann, Janice,
Elaine, and Elizabeth, sang
"The Coventry Carol." Deacon
ess Evelyn Seymour arranged
the program.
UPI Telephoto
Ask About Daily
"Business Cord"
TU 4-8111
Oregon Bishop Wrote
Old Epiphany Service
On Monday evening. Jan. 6,
at 7:30, St. Paul's Episcopal
Church will keep one of the old
est ceremonies in the Christian
Church. The Feast of the Epiph
any, by its traditional presen
tation of "A Feast of Lights."
' The dramatization staged at
St. Paul's for more than 20
years was authored by the late
William P. Remington, some
time bishop of the Episcopal
Church in Eastern Oregon, with
his wife as co-author.
In 1939, the Rmingtons, hav
ing in mind the eagerness of
many Christian bodies to find
services and symbols to help
teach the fundamental truths of
Christianity, first presented this
pageant in Pendleton.
In his preidcc, the bishop said
that the service, which basical
ly was not new, was an attempt
to gather together such ideas as
w ere found and provide a
"script" which might be easily
understood and interpreted "to
contribute to the better observ
ance of Epiphany in all church
es of whatever name."
The service's purpose was
threefold: "To honor the Lord
Jesus Christ as The Light of
the World; to show how that
Light came gradually to men
through the Old Testament lead
ers, the lite and death of Jesus
Christ, the Apostles, and the
missionary Paul: and to im
press the missionary character
of the church as it seeks to
spread the Light and to share it
with mankind."
The Christmas greens in the
church remain in place for the
service, and the altar is arrayed
with symbolic candles which
are lighted individually at des
ignated points in the presenta
tion. At the beginning of the
ceremony, the church is in total
During the Twelfth Day of
Christmas service. Rev. Robert
Greene, rector, will be the
"voice" telling the prophetic
messages of the Old Testament
and the fulfillment in Christ's
birth as related in the New Tes
tament. Before the concluding message
and benediction, the choir, serv
ers, and those representing the
Crucifer and Paul will light the
candles of the congregation lo
symbolize the act of receiving
the light and spreading it to all
the world.
The celebration will continue
in the church social hall witli
an old English custom, the cut
ting of the red and white Epiph
any cake. Hidden in the serv
ings will be three items, a ring
to symbolize tile binding of the
world together in the love of
God; a thimble to denote mis
sionary efforts: and a dime to
characterize the earning and
giving of money.
The three parishioners who
find the items in their slices of
cake will have special roles in
next year's festival, carrying
the English tradition a step far
ther. Last year the ring wenl to
Trapped in a Saigon hotel during the November uprising,
correspondent Peer J. Oppenheimcr recorded the tragi
comic side events of a day that made history.
Gord'e Howe, superstar of the Detroit Red Wing';, firi
mfs hockey is a rough sport, but with the bruises,
come vital lessons in growing up.
Read Both of These Exclusive Reports in the
Weekend Issue of
with your copy of the
SUNDAY Beml&an&Seto
Sue Nicholson, young daughter
of Dr. and Mrs. George R.
Nicholson, so she will serve as
hostess for this year's fellowship
as well as providing the cake.
The thimble was found by
Mrs. Glenn O. Lewis Jr., who
was to use it to sew articles
for the church, missions, or a
charity. Dr. George D. Massey
received the dime, and during
the past year he was to put it
to work to earn more money
for the benefit uf mission work.
Both will report on their prog
ress at the Epiphany party.
A festival of the Catholic, An
glican, and Eastern churches,
the Epiphany is observed in
many different ways in the var
ious churches, but in all it is
held 12 days alter Christmas to
commemorate the coming of the
Magi as being the lirst manifes
tation of Christ to the Gentiles.
The observance of the Epiph
any can be traced to an ear
lier period in the Eastern
Church than in the Western,
and does not appear to have
been observed in the Latin
Church until the fourth century.
In the Greek Church it was
observed as early as the sec
ond century, having been firmly
established by the lime of Clem
ent of Alexandria, who lived in
the latter half of the second and
the early part of the third cen
turies; although even the earli
est records reveal considerable
speculation as to the exact ori
gin of the Epiphany.
The Greeks, however, did not
commemorate the visit of the
Magi to Bethlehem, but rather
the manifestation of Jesus as
the Messiah when he was bap
tized by John in the Jordan Riv
er. There was a tendency in the
early days of the Epiphany to
connect it with (he heathen
spring festival, and more es
pecially with the sacrifices and
offerings made to the gods of
running waters and the clouds.
In their observance, some
Christian communities even fol
lowed the old pagan custom and
blessed the water, rivers, and
Other sections of the Christian
Church have attempted to make
the Epiphany a special day of
Baptism, although the conse
crating of the water survived
the baptismal and is still ob
served by several groups.
In the Middle Ages and later
it was the custom to stage sorts
of miracle plays in the church
es in order to visualize to the
people the events commemorat
ed on the occasion. These were
frequently given during the
mass and the dramatic repre
sentation usually presented the
oflcrings of the three wise men.
1 1 A.M., Sunday, Jon. 5
by Dr. Joiiah Barrlett
,x . tar -MtA'jft.
' M
HOSPITAL FUND BOOST Winning second place and a $50 prize in the Christmas
Parade, the Episcopal Young Churchmen of St. Paul's Episcopal Church voted to
present the total amount to the children's wing of the Presbyterian Intercommunity
Hospital. Recipients of parade cash awards were to use the money for a charitable
activity within the community. Pictured arj James F. Stilwell, hospital campaign
general chairman, accepting the check from three EYC officers, Dennis Culver,
president; Carolyn Ferrell, secretary-treasurer; and Paula Sabo, vice president; The
EYC, composed of eighth grade through high school students, was in charge of the
actual construction of St. Paul's float entry with adult supervision.
UMC Head
Takes Post
On Jan. 1, former baseball
star Jackie Robinson officially
became the president of United
Church Men, a central depart
ment of the National Council of
In this unpaid position, he
heads the work of a nation
wide organization which coor
dinates the men's activities of
an estimated 10 million Prot
estant and Orthodox laymen.
Robinson, a former baseball,
football, and track star who is
now the vice president ot a
New York restaurant chain,
was elected unanimously by the i
organization's board of manag- i
ers at a November meeting in
Indianapolis, Ind. He will serve
in the interdenominational post
for three years.
A member of the United
Church of Christ, Robinson was
awarded its 1963 churchmanship
award. The denomination's gen
eral synod cited his "Christian
commitment of time, energy,
and skill in the struggle for so
cial justice."
this month... every month
Savings invesikd by January lOtli will earn prof
its from the first of the year for a full year's return
next December 31st. Money added by the 10th of
every month will earn for the entire month for
maximum profits all the time.
Look ahead. . .
Tlie General Commission on
Chaplains and Armed Forces
Personnel agrees there is no
violation of church state sep
aration under the U.S. system
for military chaplains, says tho
December issue of the Church
and State monthly review.
The commission based its con
clusion on two "principles."
One said the system is the only
effective way "for providing the
right of worship guaranteed hy
the free exercise clause" in the
It also said, according to tho
review, that "the present sys
tem of military chaplaincy, un
der the direction of ordained
clergymen serving as chiefs of
chaplains working in coopera-
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