Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1898)
FROM A SKETCH
VULTURES IN WAR.
Flock to the Fields of Battle to Prey
Upon the Dead and Dvina.
ENLISTED AS A PRIVATE.
Vania II. Carpenter 11 aa Now Kiaen to
One of the most striking example* of
the democracy of the United States
army Is presented by the career of
I jo ufs II. Carpenter, who entered the
army as a private and has risen to be
a brigadier general. Carpenter was at
the University of Pensylvanln In 18151,
when he was seized with the war fever
ami enlisted In the regular cavalry.
Within six months his soldierly quali
ties won him a commission ns second
lieutenant In the regular cavalry. Ro
tor® the civil war closed he was repeat
I.OCIS n. CARI'F.XTEH.
edly brevetted for bravery displayed tn
campaign and on the fi«'ld of tnittle-
to first lieutenant 1868 for "gallant and
m«*r1torlous services nt Gettysburg,”
captain 18<M for "gallant ami meritori
ous services In the battle of Winchester,"
then lieutenant colonel Unit«! Stat»**
army ami colonel of volunteers for "gal
lant and meritorious services during
He wm In nearly all the cavalry
lights of the Army of the I'otomac. In
the battle of Fairfield. near Gettysburg,
he rem-msl and brought off the field the
colors of Ills regiment when the regi
ment was surrounded by «an over
whelming force of the enemy. His
bravery was so conspicuous that Gen
eral Sheridan, one of the greatest cav
alry commanders In history, called him
to his side ns one of the most trusted
officers of his staff. After the war of
the rebellion he return«! to his regi
ment and again became conspicuous as
an Indian tighter. At the Is-ginnhig of
the prinent war he was made a twlga-
dl<*r general and put In command of the
brigade made by the famous Fifth
Maryland Regina’nt. the crock First
Regiment of the IHstrlct of Columbia
and the celebrated Second New York
Regiment of volunteers.
How Slate Pencils Are Made.
Slate pencils undergo n number of
processes before they are ready for use,
and tn making them nearly all of the
manual labor is done by boys. First
broken pieces of slate are put Into a
mortar run by steam and are crushed
to a powder, which Is then bolted In a
machlue such as Is use«! In flouring
mills, A line slate flour results, which
is thoroughly mixed In a large tub with
steatite flour and other materials, the
whole making a stiff dough. The dough
la knead«*«! by being passed between
Iron rollers a number of times, and it
is then taken to a table, when1 it is
made Into short cylinders four or five
Incites In thickness and contalulng
from eight to ten pounds of material
Four of these cylinders are placed In
a strong Iron retort which has a
changeable uossle so that the size of
the pencils may t«e regulated. In the
retort the material Is subjected to great
hydraulic pressure and la thus pushed
through the nozzle In the shape of a
long cord. As the cord ohiks through
the neszle Is passes over a knife and Is
cut into the desire«! lengths. The
lengths are laid on boards to dry and
art* then placed on sheets of corrugated
zinc, the corrugation preventing the
pencils from warping during the bak
ing process. The baking Is «lone In a
kiln which superheated steam is passed
Ths pencils go from the kiln to the
finishing and packing room, where the
ends are held for an Instant under a
rapidly revolving emery u-beel. which
neatly r>oints them.
Finally they are packed In paste
board boxes, 100 pencils in each t>ox,
then 100 of the pasteboard boxes are
packed In a wooden tx>x, and they are
ready for shipment — Philadelphia
BEAUTY AND THE BEAU.
The Show of Gallantry Kebuked by
Some of these establishments contain
over 30i) monks, and nearly as many
servants. Their riches are mainly d«?-
rived from splendid estates in Russia.
ItoumanLa. Bulgaria and Servia. For
many hundreds of years no woman has
ever been permitted to set foot any
where in Athos. The fact Is the more
remarkable l«ecause extreme honor is
accorded to the Virgin Mary In all these
the needle and as close to It as pos
sible. then places the potato once again
on the assistant's hand. After making
a few flourishes with the sword, he
cuts through the potato, dividing it in
half. In striking the potato with the
sword he makes sure that the sword
will come exactly crosswise on the nee
dle: consequently, when the sword
reaches the needle it can go no farther,
ami the brittle nature of the potato
will cause It to fall apart. the very thin
portion below the needle offering no
resistance to the separation.
The part played by the vulture, or
j turkey buzzard tn the war in Cuba is
I not so well understood by the soldier
i boys from the North as it is by those
from the South, said Frank N. Jor«ion,
I a Chicagoan, who formerly live«! in
Charleston, 8. C. This thought occurred
to me upon reading some of the recent
re[»orts of the war correspondents con
cerning this blr«l of evil omen. Reports i
from the battle before Santiago July 1'
say that thousands of vultures could be!
DISCOVERIES IN LEAP CASTLE
seen soaring in the air above the dead, j
wounded and dying, in a hurry to get at
Eleventh Century Stuircase Fonn<i in
tbelr prey. The other soldiers did not
an Early - nirliah Structure.
desert the men whose strength gave
A Birr correspondent writes that a
out, but lay down on the ground and -
series ot interesting "finds,” Just dis-
, with their revolvers kept the buzzards i
i covered in the historic Leap castle,
I away from their suffering comrades un-
i have been shown to a number of visit
I til the latter were picked up an«! hur
ore. The tirst and most important was
ried out of reach of the rapacious birds. monasteries. It Is related, and im on eleventh century stone spiral stair
In the Southern States the [M«ople are plicitly believed by the monks, that the case springing from the first tloor level
familiar with th«*se birds and their Virgin Mary herself originated the ex and terminating at the summit of the
habits, Turkey buzzarils axe the scav-1 clusion of her own sex from the sacred great tower, 100 feet high. Tills relic
engers of Southern cities, and are so soil of the place.
of a remote past is in a splendid state
useful in this respect that they are pro
Mount Athos proper Is a beautiful of preservation. The finely cut stone
tected by law. There Is a sharp pen peak of white marble, which soars up steps are laid with matlieniatical accu
alty attached to the law forbidding the at the very end of the promontory far racy and are large, like the passage it
killing or wounding of the buzzards.
out at sea. It reaches a height of near-1 selL The O’Corrolls. princes of Ely,
The buzzard Inis long since been! ly 7,000 feet. Running back from this who«* chief stronghold this castle was,
voted a great success as a sanitary tn- j apex is a range of lovely hills, often were all big me»—in tact, a race ot
| spector. Not only In Southern cities,! thickly wooded, and tn some places giants— as the fey relics of them extant
j but in oriental towns and villages, as 11 nearly four miles wkle, which diminish attest Hence the reason why every
| have read, sanitary precautions, so tar tn height more and more towards the thing about the castle is large.
as garbage Is concerned, are wholly Ig t«ase of the promontory. In various ro»
The second “tlnd" is an entrance to
nored, for the problem of its removal mantle nooks of these hills the twenty
and purification hits been solved by the ancient monasteries are scatter«!. the guard room cut out of the rock, and
vulture. The turkey buzzard, which Some are perched on thee»? cliffs, In al which was up to the present believed
Is the species of the vulture family most Inaccessible positions, and others to be a mass of solid masonry. Here
numerous bones, coins of the reign of
known to the Southern States and Cen nestle tn the woods.
Edward the Confessor and other relies
tral America, has pro«llgious strength
of beak and claws and It can tear ami ABSORBS WATER FROM BELOW. were found. Human bones in large
quantities, flints and spear heads were
THEY WALK ON THE CEILING. strip a carcass, leaving nothing but the Soil in the San Joaquin Valley Moist also found In tb<- extensive rouge of
j clean-picked bon«*s. in n phenomenally
ened by Subterranean Stream*.
dungeons which have teen brought to
Two He! r*e«H»e»* with Inherited Love short time.
It seems to have the
Investigations ma«ie by Professor light beneath the castle, these curious
j strength and rapacity of the wolf or
Milton Whitney, who Is in charge of prison-houses being rock-hewn, and
Perhaps the most daring perform hyena.
ance to tie seen In all the many places
I have noticed In the letters telling ns the division of soils in the Department their existence having teen previously
of entertainment at Coney Island. New of the battles at Santiago and vicinity of Agriculture, have revealed the curi unknown to the owner of the castle and
York, is that given by two girls, who that in many cases scores of our brave ous phenomenon that the soils of tlie lord of the soil, Jonathan C. Darby,
seem to be altogether out of harmony boys were reported missing after an San Joaquin valley and of the great I This gentleman is the descendant of
with their surroundings. These are engagement The bodies of many mnst Palouse district (comprising the fertile the royal bouse of O’Carrolls of Ely,
the Austin sisters, each of them re ; lutve become prey to the buzzards. wheat-growing regions) contain a con- ! whose family have remained in uninter
lined, well educated and of charming I With their tek*scope-like eyes, these slderable quantity of moisture in ex- I rupted possession of the Leap for many
personality in every way. Their home vultures can see a fallen soldier, horse cess erf the amount received from Fain- I centuries.
is a beautiful place at Bath Beach, or mule from distances that render fall or surface Irrigation. A similar I The present owner, aided by Mrs,
L. I., where tbelr parents live. The themselves Invisible. So Impatient are phenomenon has been observed in the [ Darby, has put into a complete state of
latter are ¡lersons of good manners and ' they with hunger that they begin their Yellowstone valley and tn ports of the [«reservation the ancient chapel, an
easy deportment, many years of travel attack even before the man or animal Is Red River valley, and this would seem apartment twenty-tire feet square and
In all parts of the world having given «quite dead, and so sharp Is their sight to explain the mystery why these re high, which Is on top of the tower, and
them the lraiefinable polish which your that a vulture which first discovers prey gions, which are semfarid, rarely suf here has been discovered a very large
and fine early English window, which
stay-at-home can never ho[*e to attain. Is soon joined by others, until at last fer from drouth.
Mr. and Mrs. Austin were trapeze per
formers since early childhood. In the
PART PLAYED BY VULTURES IN WAR.
course of tbelr professional journey-
Ings they met and married, traveling
nnd performing together for years. Un
like many others in the same business,
they took care of their earnings, in
creasing the same handsomely by sev
eral judicious Investments. When their
two daughters were still little girls
The car was crowded. It happened
that only men were standing, with the
exception of a colored woman In the
middle of the car. But at a corner a
woman dressed in the top of the mode
got on. She stood next the door, and
[•laInly here was a chance for some
masculine person to be gallant An
old lx?au, who was seated near the cen
ter, was obviously fascinated by the
appearance of this beauteous female,
and bobbed his bead to catch her eye.
Finally succeeding he arose, beckoned
to her, and murmured:
“Won’t you take my sent, madam?”
The colored woman, standing direct
ly in front of hint beard this, and.
turning, thanked him gratefully as she
made a movement toward the vacant
space. With Indignation wrinkling Ills
tinted nose, nnd spoiling for a moment
the gracious air which he had assumed,
he pushed her beck, with both hands
ut her elbows, as he exclaimed:
'Dh, no; not for you, ma’am!”
Ills adjustment of expression was
rapid as b<* turned once more to her of
the handsome face and fashionable
clothes nnd mad«* way. Then. with a
smile at his neighbors which plainly
said, “Didn’t I manage that well?” he
learns! comfortably on his stick.
The favoretl one bud not noticed the
little play which had been enacted for
her benefit, bitt a young girl who sat
In th«* next seat was an ol»server, and
Siiw the warm red deeply flush under
the black skin of th«* other woman and
th«* tears come In the dark eyes. She
saw the mouth quivering, and her own
eyes snapped. With a glance at "Ills
Complacency,” unmistakably express-
Ive of her scorn and Indignation, she
quickly rose, touchetl the woman on
the arm, and gently said:
'Take my seat; I'm getting out at the
Then flashing a look at the man. un
der which bls expression of self-con
gratulation rapidly changed to som«*-
thlng near to sheepishness, she pass«*«l
WAI.KIXO ON m CE1LIXG.
out of the car; and more than one man
there would have bet that she had not they retire«! and purchased their pres
intended to get off at that corner.— ent home at Bath Beach.
New York Sun.
The two children were sent to a first-
class school In Brooklyn, from whleh
< hst of the War.
they recently graduate«! with marked
Spain hns 50.000 Gypsies.
cr«*dlL From their earliest childhood
I'attl made tier rebut In Cuba.
they were carefully trained by Mr.
'Frisco to Manila—6,600 miles.
Austin, his object being to develop
Cadiz to New York—2,800 miles.
their frames so as to make them
Key West to Havana—ninety miles.
healthy an«! hearty young women. In
8[wiln luis 28,922,601) Inhabitants.
this he has been entirely successful,
Russia's common sohlier gets $2.25 a i but the training the girls received In
the sjmclotis gymnasium at Bath Beach
Our dally output of powder Is 16,000 : also developed the love for such exer-
! else, which they Inherited from their
Cuba has 16,000,000 acres of virgin i parents, and last fall they obtain«! per-
mission to prepare themselves for pub
War has doubled the price of army lic appearance. Now they show dally
In a daring trapeze act and also as
'Frisco Chines«* nre making soldiers' <*«*111 ng walkers. The latter perform-
ance Is especially thrilling.
During our civil war there wore 3,125
The girls make a charming modest
picture when s«*en together dressed for
Italy's war department utilizes HA- their act Alrnee, the elder girl, has a
OOOiOOO a year.
great mass of chestnut hair, beautiful
Cuba has 1.631.000 Inhabitants: Phil blue-gray eye«, am! an exceedingly
dainty appearance. Marie, the younger,
Prior to th«* war the annual net rev- i a real beauty, was born In Vienna. Her
enu«* of Cuba w as $80,000,000.
| eyes are «lark and she wears her hale
Every Spaniard Is liable to be calle«! pompadoured over her face. Th«* girls
to military service on attaining 20 are attended by their father at all per
years of age.
formances and are at present attract
Policemen In Boston have been In- ing much attention by tbelr topsy-
structed to salute the flag whenever It turvy feats.
Is corrie«! past them In a parade.
Plea fbr fleer on Hnndaya.
A Cuban Insurgent In order to get
An extraordinary argument for Run
cigarettes, rlske«! death by going Into
day opening teas quoted by one of th«
a town with Spanish soldiers.
A Salt-laker who writes poetry flrat- »[•eaki'rs recently at a temperance con
rate thinks there was a Merry Mac In vention. He related that at a public
the White Hous«* when the nows came meeting once held In Coventry, En
that the Santiago bottle had been | gland, an orator urged that public
corked by that coal ship.—Philadelphia houses should be opened at n«x?n on
Sunday. In order that workingmen
should hare an opportunity of discuss-
No one who Is compelled to buy It Is ' Ing tr»go<her the sermons they had
very fond of champagne
i beard In the morning.
the carcass is almost covered with the
In civilized warfare the victors al
ways search the field of the battle, res
cue the wounded and bury the dead,
whether they be friends or foes. But
many are reported "among the miss
ing.” There the buzzards fin«! their
prey. In savage or partly clvlllz«?d war-1
fare the dead of the vanquished are [
Intentionally left by the victors to be
devoured by the beasts of the field and
the fowls of the air.
A curious plmnomenon In regard to I
vultures is that they seem to be aide to
locate the s«?ene of a battle before the
fight takes pla«*e. One of the most cu
rious examples of their astonishing in
stinct was observed in the Crimean
war. In the nelghborlwod of Seb«isto-
pol the vulture was a very rare bird,
from the same reason which has made
it extinct In England, lack of food. Yet
the war had hardly begun to assume a
serious as[s*ct when the vultures ar
rived In largely Increased numbers and
fed upon the dead horses. Whence dd
th«*se vulture® come! Many came from
Northern Africa, for (he Arabs declared
that during the war very few vultures
were to be found In the pla«?«*s where
they usually abound«xl. Many also ap
peared to have come from Asia, as the
samt* phenomenon was observed in sev
eral [tarts of India.
Just as sharks follow a slave ship, so
do vultures accompany a slave cara
van and the legions <rf Imttle, knowing
that many of the captives and the slain
will In some way become their prey.
A lively Spot from Which Women
One of the most romantic spots In
Europe, though one of the least known
to people generally. Is Mount Atho®.
j This Is the name given to an Immense
and magnificent promontory, which i
run* about forty mile® Into the Aegean
sea, from that gram! peninsula of Ma«?e-
donla called Chaidice.
For more than 1,000 years Mount
Athoa has been considered the Holy
Land of the great Ru»s«>-Gr*ek Church.
It Is Imp«>Mlble to express the venera
tion and affection with which millions
of people regard this k>*allty. It 1* In
the power of the Turks. Twenty mag
nificent and wealthy convent* are
ac*ttCred over this lovely promontory,
which la a mountain garden tn the tea.
But this explanation solves one mys from its great elevation commands a
tery only to present another which is view embracing eight counties. A llt-
even more inexplicable. In the Mo , tie below this is a remarkable room,
jave desert for Instance, where the an which none of the servants will enter
nual average rainfall Is only five inch after nightfall. It was the state bed
es. the soil beneath the alkaline crust room of one of the princesses of Ely.
Is always moist. In Southern Califor I who was murdered six centuries ago
nia. where the summer rainfall is less ' by her lord, and the solid oak floor re
than an Inch, tobacco ami sugar beets, tains the bloodstains of th«' royal vic-
which require much water, grow luxu i tlin. This part of the building is re
riantly without irrigation.
puted to be haunted, and Mr. and Mrs.
This phenomenon has been ascribed Ibirby, who do not believe in ghosts,
tentatively to the peculiar quality of admit that they cannot account for the
the soli to absorb moisture and retain extraordinary noises that occasionally
it. notwithstanding the low humidity ' come from the death chamber of the
of the atmosphere. But whence does murdered princess, and which niaki* it
tils excess of moisture come? Arte nearly impossible for them to retain
sian wells In all the regions under con their female servants In their employ
sideration show water at depths vary ment The manifestations are reputed
ing lietween forty and 2oo feet, and It to take the form of shrieks, which re
Is coajecture«l by the department in sound and reverberate through the
vestigators that there may be a slow building and set all the dogs In the ken
and continuous upward movement of nels whining and barking.—Lee«is Mer
moisture from subterranean sources. cury.
Since water however, never percolates
upward It must be assumed that the
“You womeu are much like Span-
soils of a large part of the arid ami
lards, after all.”
semiarld regions of the «?ountry consist
"What do you mean?”
of a vast sheet of absorbent material,
“Well, when you aim you never hll
which draws up moisture from below, anything.”
like bk>ttlng paper, by capillary attrac
“Now. boys. I have a few qu«*stions in
tion. The investigations of the divi
sion of soils In these arid regions will fractions to ask.” said a teacher: "sup
make one of the moat remarkable chap pose I have a piece of beefsteak and
ters In the history of agriculture.—Phil cut It Into sixteen pieces, what w«>tiM
those pieces be called?'' “8!xtee<nrha,”
answere-.l one boy. after m«*ditatlng a
SAFE WHEN DONE RIGHTLY.
i moment. "Very gwd. And when the
i sixteenths were cut In half, what would
How a Potato May Be Split Open on
, they be?” There was silence in the
the Nake<1 Palm of the Hand.
olass; but presently a little boy ar the
Among the several medium-sized ' foot put up his hand. “Do you know,
sound potatoes on a tray, according to
Johnny?” "Hash!" answered Johnny,
the Scientific American, the juggler
i <*onfldently.—Current Literature.
places two potatoes prepared as fol
lows: Insert a needle crosswise of
"How did this happen?" asked the
surgeon, as he dressed the wound in
the ch«?ek and applied a soothing [»»ul-
tlce to the damaged eye. “Got hit with
a stone.” replied the patient. "Who
threw It?" "My—my wife," was the
reluctant answer. “Hum; It's the first
time I knew a woman hit anything she
alme«i at," muttered the surgeon. "She
the potato near the bottom. After show was throwing at the neighbor s hens.”
ing the sword to be really sharp, by explained the sufferer. "I was behind
cutting paper and slicing one or two her."—Tld-Biu.
of the [xitatoe®. the performer picks
When a woman can't find any place
up one of the prepared potatoes and
places tt on the assistant's han«); but else to put a thing she holds It In bet
apparently It doe* not He to suit him, mouth.
so he slice* off one side of 1L using
A young man's sweetheart 1* now
care to cut away the side just under known as hi* "leech.”