Image provided by: Yamhill County Historical Society; McMinnville, OR
About The Yamhill County reporter. (McMinnville, Or.) 1886-1904 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 5, 1894)
MMRnrthr other not a LI
year will be novels bv G-”
and Charles Dudley W
ALL GOODS AT BIG
KAY & TODD. THIRD STREET MCMINNVILLE
*D Ingenious Cornbluation of tlie Siereop-
ticon anil Sky Sign.
A new departure has ?>een made in the
rapidly spreading application of electrici
ty to advertising. Any large open space
on a wall or hoarding is covered closely
Is the most important part
W your organism.
hree-fourtbs of CB with incandescent lamps—that is, they
are placed at equal intervals in horizontal
taissta to which the «y»- *
tem is subject are due to impuri- W and vertical rows, and as near together as
iu the blood. You can, there-
there —— they can be without touching. A cable,
consisting of as many separate wires us
fore, realize how vital it is to
there aro lamps, connects them with a
small table or operating board, which is
Keep It Pure
placed in aconvenieut room or at any point
For which purpose
me nothing can
desired by the operator. This operating
It effectually re
board is closely studded with little pro
al 1 impurities,
jection»! which are in reality push lint
cleanses the blood thoroughly
tons, and each of these tiny kDobs corn-
and build* up the general health.
spends to n lampou the large exposed sur
Our Trciuto cm B x,d ar. .
face outside. It is thus evident that by
Free to any a^Urati,
pressing on r.ny single push button the
SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., Atlanta, Qa.
circuit is closed aud a lamp correspond
ingly situated on the sign will be lighted.
The push buttons are v> designed that
when pressed upon they will continue to
keep the circuit closed and thus maintain
the illumination of the lamps ou the sign
board until they are restored by the ojier-
ator to their normal position. This sys
tem gives an amount of flexibility in the
creation of illuminated devices of all kinds
I that ha f ■-xr l*fore been attained. Hith-
-♦o •• ms been necessary to have any
u. gn prepared tieforehand and
Uxed in permanent lines ou a ngid back
ground. Now, by drawing the finger on
tho faco of the operating tioard, any kind
of inscr> j *1 or desigu can be brought
rnlx.ard and will remain
out ol x e
there in I if; nt lines of light until the
operator d •• • to release it. This is
_ the pressing of a
lever at tue side of the operating tioard,
and the signboard is ready for a new de
sigu. Writing on the operating tioard in
letters 6 inches high will produce letters 6
feet high on the sign.
It necessary, the operator can bo at quite
a distance from tho sign, which there is
no necessity for him to see. He has a
bright light behind his operating board,
•nd the push buttons are slightly conical
tn form, so that he has always before him
I a clearly defined and exact facsimile of
the play of light on the signtioard. This
ingenious combination of the best points
<-?HI( A(i<> of t he stereopticon and the electrical sky
sign will probably be largely utilized in
tbs night pqblication of election returns,
results of games and any matters of pub
U aiipa The Quickest to Chica lic interest, besides offering infinite scopo
go and the East.
for the moat effective possible kind of ad
vertising. For the latter purpose stencils
of uuy special desigu can be prepared and
U aiipa Quicker to Omaha ant kept on baud, aud where it is preferred to
flash out a figure or inscription suddenly,
Iu.stead of stimulating the publiocuriosity
by working out ths lines of light more lei
Pullman and Tourist Sleepers,
surely, all that need bo done is to place
Free Reclining Chair Cars,
the stencil on the operating board and
press firmly until the push buttons are
H. It. H CLARK,
driven home.—Chicago Record.
OLIVER W. MINK,
J Heart’s Blood J
OMAHA, KANSAS CITY.
E. ELLERY ANDERSON’,)
For R aw » or general Information 0*11 bn or ad
W. II III ill.Ill HT,
Awl. Gen. I’aaa. Agt.
VSI Washington SI. Cor. ad. P< iRTLAXD, OR.
EAST AND SOUTH
The Shasta Route
KxprtiMi Train» Leave Fortland Daily
Portland......... illPMI Ssn Francisco.. 10:15 A 51
Hun Francise« 7:00 P M I Portland
s.'J" A M
Above trains stop at all stations from Purtlaml to
Albany Inclusive. Abo Tangent. HhedUs, Hal
sey. Harrisburg. Junction City, Irving. Eugeni
and all stations Irum Rustburg tj Ashland lnclu
Roseburg Tlrsll Drlily.
Fortland..... -ADD AM I Rowburg.......... 5 50PM
Roseburg......... 7MU A M I Portland......... 4.30 PM
DINING CARS ON OGDEN ROUTE.
SECOND CLASS SLEEPING CARS
Attached to all Through Trains.
West Side Division.
PORTLAND AND OORVALUb
Mail Train Daily, (Except Sunday.)
I.fo A M • Lv
Ari t <5 1’ M
'0 15 AM L v
»a 15 P M Ar ____ t orvB.ll» _ Lv__ 1.Ü0 P M
Drama or Dissection?
I am not a prude, but I think the time
has come when we must decide whether
tha theater is to be for the people or is to
serve simply as a rendezvous for gentle
men who are anxious to discuss moral sci
ence in all its varying aspects. For my
own part I want the theater to be for the
people—to be u place where a uian may
take his daughters without it being nec
essary for him to go first in order that lie
uuty judge whether the piny is one which
his girls ought to sec. People may call
me a Philistine, a prude or whatever they
like, but my contention is that the stage
Is uot the place to discuss subjects which,
as « rule, i-.re only introduced nt the din
ner table after the ladies have left. That
is ii mere questiou of taste, I aui willing
to admit, but I feel confident that tho ma
jority of the publio are with me, notwith
standing the fact that the new school of
critics are agaiust me to n man.
What I am lighting for is that tho stage
may be maintained for the people. The
playhouse us ordered for the last 80 years
has been a delightful resort for women us
well as men. I for one wish to maintain
that state of things. Women are as fond
of the theater os meu, and I do not want
to see the theater door, ns it were, prac
tically closed against them. As I observe
in the article, “Our opponents started with
Ibsen, and the public voice sent Ibsen
about his business. But the trail of tho
Ibsen serpent baa been left on tho stage,
and our cleverest and most literary dra
matist, Arthur Wing Pinero, Las been
ensnared into the pessimistic net.” My
contention Is that everything may bo dis
cussed in public on the stage that is dis
cussed at every liberal dinner table in re
lined and polite society. Society has cer
tain rules, and ffie stage cannot do better
than follow th< -se rules —Clement Scott in
Indian Conjuring Tricks.
At Albany and Corvallis -connect with
trains of Oregou Pacific Railroad,
Moat of the Indian conjuring trick ure
Express Train Daily, (Except Sunday.) imperishable secrets, which are banded
down from father to son through a long
•:40 !’ M Lv
Ar 826 A M line of descent. Now and then a traitor
7:15 P M Lv
Lv ; 5.58 A M may be found willing to barter his jug
7:25 P M Ar
Lv 1 5:50 A M
gling inheritance for a mess of backsheesh,
Through Tickets to all points in Eastern and so occasionally a trick leaks out into
¿tales, '"auaiia and Europe can be obtained al Europe, but this, I think, happens very
lowest rate* frotu U. A Wilcox Agent, McMinn seldom—almost never. Th» plant grow
I- P ROGERS.
ing trick is no more wonderful possibly
A sm . G. F. AP A . Portland. Or.
R KOEHLER. Manager
than many of those sudden appearances
of bushels of paper flowers out of nothing
but a small cornucopia, except that all
our conjurers are cn stages, with appli
ances and accomplices, even if we do not
see one of either, whereas the Indian does
the plant tric-k on the matting in your
Bernei—Services Sunday 11 a. m. and front bail if you like.
7:30p. m ; Sunday school 9:56 a m.; the
He wears no clothes possibly but a
• young people's society 6.15 p ui
blackened cloth around his loins and a
meeting Tliursiiay 7.30 p. id . Covenant
meeting first Sat each month :U) ...
p. _ m. _ greasy turban of cotton, once white, on his
head. He squats la-fore you close by and
Cn.is. L. B okhax , Pastor.
M ctmodibt Ertscorxi Services every places a small square cf cloth about the
Sabbath 11 U0 a. m. and 7 ;30 p. m. Sunday size of au ordinary pocket handkerchief
school 9 3l) a m. Praver meeting 7 :00 p on tho fluor. The cloth suddenly peaks up
in tho middle, and taking it off a tiny
in. Thursday. S E. M bmin - ier , Pastor.
C vmb . P resbttxbian - Services every Sali- shoot of bright, fresh green is seen grow
bath 11:60 * >n and 7;30 p. m. Sunday ing apparently from the matting. The
school 9-36 a. m. Y. P C. E Sunday 6:W> little plant is left, u larger cloth is arrang
p. m. Praj er meeting Thursday, 7:3U p. m. ed, aud a larger peak raises it in the
W. H. J oses , Pastor
middle. With increasing cloths and
C mmbtias —Services every Sabbath" 11:00 growths, until a large branch of banana
a. m and 7:30 p. in. Sunday school 10 palm appears, does the trick keep on aug
a. in. Young people’» meeting at 6:30 p. m. menting in size and interest. This is, to
H. A. D kxton , Paator,
my mind, one of the best tricks of all.—
S t . J ames C atholic —First st., between Exchange.
GtmiH. Sunday school 2 '30 p. m. Ves
ters 7:30. Services once a month.
Made It 31 ore Legal.
W. K. Hoc, an . Pastor
Old Squire C----- , one of the first clerks
of Cass county, Mo., was a man who, al
Ksuwi xs C h a era» No, 1.‘. O. E. S.—Masts ■ though his early education had been sadly
Masonic ball the tir-t and third Monday eveninx neglected, fairly reveled in the use cf big
In each month. Visiting members cordiallv in words. The grand jury had come into
MRS. O. O. HODSON, See.
court to report a lot cf indictments which
MRS H L. HEATH. W. M.
it had found and upon which the foreman
CosTt« P ost N o . »—Meets the wond and fourth
Saturday of each month in Union ball at 7 30 bid properly indorsed “A true bill,” sign
j m. All members of the order are cordially lag hi« name. The clerk, uot being satis
! ivited to attend our meetings.
fied with the simplicity with which justice
I. S. D owxixg , Commander.
was clothlug herself, wrote upon each in
B. F. ClCBiNZ, Adjt.
dictment, under the foreman's name the
following. “Wc, the undersigned jurors,
IV. C T. IL — Meet« on every Fri concur in the above effluvia,” to which
tar, in Wright's hall at 3 o'clock p m.
each juror signed his name, supposing it
L. T. L. at 3 p. m.
Ma* A. J. W kitmobx , Pres
C laim G. Essox, Sec y.
to be some necessary legal appendage.—
THE BAT WINGS OF TROUBLES WHICH
COME IN THE QUIET NIGHT.
NEVER WAS SUCH A THING AS A PET
RIFIED HUMAN BODY.
Yet It 1» the Minglin" of Hope and Fear
That Form» the Moit Powerful Stimu
lant to Energy and Exertion—Why a
Devouring Fear Must Be Overcome.
A Few Facts on u Subject Which Is at the
Mercy of Popular Ignorance—Cliffs on
the Yellowstone River—V. hat Petrifac
tion Really Is.
All who survive childhood feel the grip
cf anxiety at some time aud under some
form, for if a man lie not anxious from
care aud busincrJi be will I ki anxious
about his pleasures nnd indulgences.
Anxiety is ns searching ns the eHSt wind;
1? pierces into the marrow of our bontu,
finds out u weak »pot, and chills it only
to inflame it into a fever—au intermittent
fever, however. Intense anxiety is hardly
consistent with a persistent ill fortune.
Resignation—a mild despair—comes to
the relief of the man constantly cast down
?>y ill luck, and he ceases to kick against
the pricks. Hoping nothing, expecting
nothing, he fears little. Tlie essence of
anxiety is a feverish hope; its quintes
sence. a sickening fear. The atmosphere
of anxiety's uncertainty; its food, sus
pense. D '. ries a keen chisel and carves
men's countenances into more wrinkles
than all the greater passions put together,
while its acid bites into their minds, leav
ing channels into which fear will run so
long as their lh es last.
Though a tuan may lie so fenced aliout
thnt for himself he need entertain no anx
iety, yet if he be of any magnanimity of
soul anxiety will creep into it for the sake
of others. In vain does nian try to fore
cast the object of his doubt. While watch
ing the east, in all probability his dread
enemy will be stealing upon him from the
west. If be looks to tlie north, beholdl his
fear has found him out, creeping upon him
from the south, or he may teach a cause
for anxiety to appear by dreading it, for
courage to overcome a devouring fear of
the future is as necessary as putting ou a
liold front in the presence of a wild beast.
This is one reason why it should lie as
much os possible repressed. Another and
stronger one why it should lie zealously
guarded agaiust is that it clouds and
dims the mind, as fasting or ill food sub
dues the liody. And so we liecome ojieu
to an infection, cnpable of ill thoughts,
weak enough to entertain sick suspicions,
which would gain no admittance in a
healthier state of being.
An anxious night—who lias not passed
it? For anxieties, li’ > bats, fly best by
night. Aa the twiL^at falls, how insid
iously au anxiety flits into the mind,
scarcely troubling us at first; still it is
there. By and by, as tho gloaming deep
ens into darkness, the creature brushes
past our face and rouses us with a start
to a senso of its presence, Glliug us with a
nameless dread, We coax ourselves into
a doze, only to be awakened to a cou-
sciousness that the vampire has settled
and is sucking our lifeblood. No more
sleep for us. We toss and tumble from
side to side, the flitting bat wings of the
trouble aud our sighs the only sounds
disturbing the darkness. Now is tho time
for an exorcism. We try it, ami listen
fearfully. All is still. Tins the enemy de
parted? For 10 punting seconds we be
lieve it has, till a sudden sinking of the
heart—a sudden inrush of thoughts and
fears that kindle fears, “an indistinguish
able throng”—warns us to put aside all
vain notions of reprieve, all hope of re
lease for this one while. We have com
pared troubles to bats, and when bats
have once entered a room they nre dlffi
cult of dislodgment, despite drivings to
and fro, beatings up and down; they
swoop silently and uninjured from wall
to wall, just managing to elude their pur
An open window and n light outside is
a better remedy than all tlie buffetings
within the house; so to open the window
of our mind and let our anxiety flit out
into the light of another man’s under
standing, to tell otir fearful anticipations
to a friend, is more likely to bring relief
than the battering of it up and down in
our dark aud ruffled minds.
A man may be anxious by habit, or by
temperament, or, still oftener, by igno
rance, and all these things, like mist, by
confusing the outline ofnn object mag
nify it. When a man has suffered anxi-
etiy silently and, as the event proves,
needlessly, he draws n long brenth and
dismisses it wholly from bis mind. He
was mistaken, that was all. But should
his anxiety have been aroused by another
necukm'iy.he feels himself nt liberty to de
spise his prognostications henceforth—
without, however, suffering bis opinion cf
his own wisdom to be impaired by ;i per
haps similar error of judgment. But then
no one but himself knew of his mistake,
and we live so much in wbat we think to
be other people’s opinion of us that what
they do not know is comparatively easy
for us to forget. Many nourish a secret
dread of naming a fear lest a whispered
word may bring it—like an avalanche,
unsettled by a brea’h—down upon their
i heads. Others, impatient of suspense.
. unable to wait with s:eady nerves to pav
their debt in due season, burry the toll
into the reluctant hand of the glim, col-
1 ’-ter; cf these nre suicides. It is not de
spair— certainty — that unnerves a man,
so much ns a prolonged uncertainty;
events inclining now this way aud now
that, until the balance of the strained and
anxious mind is lost.
5 et it is exactly the mingling of hope
and fear that forms the most powerful
stimulant to energy and exertion of which
human nature la capable. Under iu in
fluence men aro goaded to excel them
selves. Nay, more: without it the jovs of
life would be robbed of half their poign
ancy. Who is it, think you, that relishes
the desire fulfilled like the man who has
experienced hope deferred? There is no
one object on which our minds are greatly
set from which all spice of anxiety can be
completely banished. The Indian shoot
ing the rapids in his frail canoe feels it,
and it adds a thrill of pleasure to his sense
of the audacity of h’s venture. The states
man perorating to the house on a question
by which his cabinet is prepared to stand
or fall tecls it running, tingling, through
his veins,adding fire to his imagination,
lending eloquence to his tongue. The gam
bler is so enamored of its power to brace
up his relaxed and overstimulated nerves
that to iu delirious enjoyment he will sac
rifice state and station, mankind's and his
own esteem and think the madness chea(i-
ly purchased—Chamber’s Journal.
One reads almost every weak in the
new spapers of the finding of a “petrified”
human Ixidy. Such u thing never did aud
never will exist. Nevertheless, so dense
is the popular ignorance of such matters,
and so ready the Luman mind to be de
luded, that reports of this kind are com
monly accepted as facts. It would bo well
if they could be deprived of credibility for
all future time by the publication of a few
truths on this subject.
In the first place a “petrifaction” is not,
«trictly speaking, a trunslormation of the
original animal or plant into stone. It is
merely a replacement of the organic tissue
by mineral substance. As each particle
of the plant or animal decays and disap
pears, its place is taken, usually in water
or mud, by a particle of mineral matter
deposited from the water which has held
it in suspension. Thus tlie perishable
original is changed into imperishable
stone, preserving its form and even, its
structural appearance when cut into.
By such means have the skeletons of an
imals millious of years old been preserved
iu the rocks of the everlasting hills, so that
they may be reconstructed today as they
were ages before man appeared on the
earth. But it is only the bones that are
in this way kept; never the Cosh, because
water cannot percolate through it. In tho
same way whole forests of trees in the
Yellowstone region and elsewhere are
changed into agate aud other forms of
stone, tho hollow logs of the forest prime
val being often found filled with lieauti-
ful crystals of quartz and amethyst.
The cliffs that border the eastern branch
of the Yellowstone riverufford a view of a
series of such forest» buried ou top of one
another. The lowermost level was origi
nally a wooded plain, hundreds of thou
sands of years ago. Volcanoes burst forth
in tho neighlsirhood, aud it was over
whelmed by their debris. Ou top the lat
ter fresh trees took root and grew, to be
iu their turn buried by subsequent erup
tions. This sort of thing continued through
century aftes- century, until 4,000 feet of
accumulations were heaped ubovo the for
est at the bottom.
Beneath the hills thus formed water
flowed, as it does constantly through the
earth’s crust. The buried trees gradually
decayed, aud their decomposing substance
wan replaced by mineral matter, trans
forming them into stone. Afterward the
Yellowstone river cut down through the
strata formed of volcanic debris iu the
manner described. For thousands and
thousands of years the great stream plowed
out its bed, until today the latter is a
cut 4,000 feet deep—a canyon walled in by
towering cliffs. And as one looks upward
at those cliffs the buried forests are plain
ly to be seen in the successive lnyers com
posing them. They can be counted easily,
the reckoning carrying the observer back
to the very night of time, when real drag
ons and chimeras dire walked on the earth,
swam in the seas and flew in the air.
Nearly all tho trees which line these
wonderful cliffs are turned into agate.
One can climb up nnd knock them off, as
they break readily into sections. Many
of them, which were hollow before they
were buried, are filled with beautiful crys
tals of quarts nnd amethyst. Water, per
colating into such hollow trunks, brought
particles of silica, which formed them
selves into crystals, finally filling up the
cavities. It is iu hollow parts of buried
trees that nearly nil existing crystals of
amethyst and quartz were originally form
ed. They are treasures which were hid
den away by the hand of nature iu old logs
nnd stumps. Amethyst of course is merely
quartz crystal with a little coloring mat
ter from metallic oxides.
Much of tho agatized and jasperized
wood found in various parts of the west
was thus transformed under water. There
in a fossil forest of such material at Los
Ccrillos, N. M., and another at Chalcedo
ny Park, A. T. It is largely used for or
namental purposes. The trees fell and
were submerged, becoming silicified in the
manner already described. While this was
going ou, spores of fungi floated into the
cracks in the trunks and branches, ger
minating and extending their threads of
mycelium through the decaying wood.
These threads aro still visible in tho “pet
rified”—tho xMiril “fossilized” is consid
ered preferr.blo — substance, ramifying
through the cells of the wood. The water
also brought salts of iron in solution, which
were secreted by the fungus and after
ward deposited by it, thus enriching the
coloration of the fossilized structure.
Iron, being plentiful iu many rocks nnd
readily soluble, often replaces organic sub
stances and forma fossils. In t he depart?
ment cf prehistoric anthropology at the
Smithsonian institution is preserved a hu
man skull of iron, which was dug out of
a billside Dot long ago. Not only has iron
replaced the sulistance of the bone, but
the brain cavity is filled with the metal,
so that the skull weighs many pounds.
The hill in which its owner was buried
was rich in iron ore, of course.
Shells, inclosed in tho strata of hills,
are sometimes transformed into opal by a
process of fossilization, opal being merely
a form of quartz. Petrification«, properly
termed fossil remains, of plants are read
ily distinguishable in beds of coal, so that
it Is easily determined from what sorts of
giant ferns and otl.er trees the coal was
originally formed. Among the most an
cient of fossils are numerous insects,
which, despite the delicacy of their struc
ture, have been preserved through millions
of years for the instruction of a modern
generation, the very fluff on the wings of
the primeval moth being plainly distin
Most of the bodies reported iu the news-
papers as found “petrified” are examples
of a phenomenon long familiar. They have
tieen transformed not into stone, but into
a substance called “adipocere,” or “grave
wax. ” This is a true soap, into which Uie
corpse of a human being will ordinarily
be metamorphosed if buried in a grave
yard or other place where water has ac
cess to it.
This ndipocere is one of the most en
during of substances. It is uot subject to
decay, and the liody which has assumed
this constitution may preserve its form
for many years, and even fur centuries—
nay, for ages, since evidence on the point
has been obtained from the orthoceras, a
mollusk that became extinct millions of
years ago, of large size, and built after the
pattern of the chambered nautilus, but
with a straight shell.
In shells of tho orthoceras has been
found adipocere—the flesh of the animal
transformed ini J the soapy substance de
scribed, which would thus appear to have
been preserved intact from the Silurian
Electricity Versa» Steam.
Electricity and steam recently had a
tug of war at Chicago. An old engine
weighing 31); tons was pitted against
nn electric engine weighing 25 tons. They
were coupled with a cable 20 feet long.
At a signal both were “pulled wide open. ”
The electric engine buzzed ami scattered
lightning over the surrounding country,
but was unable to budge the ancient
«witch engine. The latter simply gave
* couple of puffs and walked away with
the modern engine.—-Traffic.
epoch until now.—Wash In gwa Star,
THE TENDERLOIN DISTRICT.
ENGAGEMENTS TO MARRY.
Wherein They Legally DtC
I i«u> All
Other Kinds of Coa|racte*
It may well be doubted whether young
The Tenderloin district is a human sew-
er, the playground of the chief prodigals men generally iu this state appreciate the
of the country nnd the theater of dude- - true condition of the law iu respect of im
dom, of frivolity, of vice and of lawless plied engagements of marriage. A recent
ness, always gilded and maintained alike breach of promise suit in Chenango coun-
by those men and women who, by reason ; ty is an extreme case on this subject aud
of their money, their social position or furnishes a fresh illustration of the legal
their connection with the theatrical stage, doctriuo that no express promise or formal
are accorded the publicity which they work lauguage is needed in order to constitute
for unceasingly, and without which they u contract to marry.
The plaintiff In the case to which we
would seem to possess little else than vul
garity, assurance, good clothing aud the iffer was introduced to the defendant iu
litorals < f white mice. In this remarka December, 1885. He told her he had ioug
ble district is the so called “Rialto,” or wished to make her acquaintance. 11c
actors’ promenade. Delmonico’s, the great was in the habit of attending the same
Broadway hotels, the headquarters of both church aud prayer meetings as she did
the Republican and Democratic politi and frequently escorted her home. He also
cians, the majority of the fashionable the took her to public entertainments occa
aters, the opera house, the chief gambling sionally. This went on fur more than two
hells, the all night drinking and supper years. In the spring of 1888, the defend-
, ant’s attentions grew more marked, and
resorts, and some of the leading clubs.
Any American citizen iu any part of the J he went home with the plaintiff from
country, if be read the newspapers, can ' church nearly every Sunday aud from
picture to lkmself the motley throng and prayer meeting nearly every Thursday
the delirious life that the mere mention evening and would often go into the house
of these places brings to mind. Any one and remain with her, usually alone in the
in his mind's eye can see the actorsand parlor, until 10 or 11 o'clock. On one oc
actresses, artificial and fevered iu their casion there was a conversation iu refer
lives as well as in their work; the mash ence to a trip to Europe. Ou another, the
ers and dudes, whose aim in life is to get defendant talked to the plaintiff aliout
their names coupled with these semiptiblic building a house and asked her wbat
men and women iu the newspapers at any building lot she preferred.
In May, 1888, the plaintiff told the de
cost of money or self respect; the spend
thrift gamblers, the cheeky promoters, the fendant that she had heard somebody say
loud and dissipated sporting men, the rich that tho only reason he went with her was
and idle clubmen and their noisy shad to please himself and see how big a fool he
ows, the empty beaded prodigal rich men’s could make of her. She asked the defend
sons; the gurgeous outcast women, the ant whether this was true, aud he declared
chorus and ballet girls, the owllike detect that it was not, saying that he had ad
ives and ‘lie imperious and tyrannical mired her from hi.s first acquaintance with
high officials of the police force; tho bar her and that be had never met a young
room Bohemians Hashing alcoholic wit lady whom he regarded more highly; that
that sells by the column as dry goods are he longed to make her happy and would
sold by the yard; the first set of society—• always protect her. The plaintiff respond
more vulgar than -o many licensed vend ed that she wanted to know whether he
‘ ho whole phantasma was true, and he replied that, he had aaid
all be could to show that, he was true,
• lighted hothouse,
lot lies laden popula adding as he was leaving, “If I live, I will
make you happy.”
It furthermore appeared on the trial that
Such fro-ii i; v> ipeil to the top of ev
ery great cityful, . : such torn and drag the defendant had more than once told
gled lace clings to tbs skirts of society ev tho plaintiff that he did not believe in long
erywhere, but^iowhure ci .6 Is it daily cel engagements, aud that the plaintiff re
ebrated in leaued tj pe, except as it forces ceived uo attentions or visits from other
itself upon the attention of tuo police young meu during the period in which the
magistrates. Here it is paraded to the defendant was in the habit of visiting her.
From these facts the trial court left it
extreme of journalistic madness, until the
participants in this saturnalia of profli to the jury to say whether or not they
gacy become not only nationally famous would infer that there was an engagement
for the number of times they change their cf marriage between the plaintiff and the
clothes, or the rapidity with which they defendant. The jury found in favor of the
marry and remarry, blit are reported from plaintiff and awarded her a verdict of $3,-
abroad at 10 cents a word by cable, when 060, which has lately been affirmed by the
they go to Europe and are lucky at Monte general term of the supreme court in the
Carlo, uneasy or scandalous in their do fourth judicial department.
It will be observed that there was no
mestic relations, or when they fight fake
duels—fake French duels, to be exact.— suggestion or pretense on the part of tlie
plaintiff that the defendant hail ever in
New Y’ork Letter in Providence Journal.
express words either promised to marry
her or asked her to marry him. The in
How a Snake Swallows.
The formation of a snake’s jaws is pe tent of the parties was solely to be inferred
culiar aud enables it to swallow bodies from their language, not amounting loan
much larger than itself, or than it seeuis express agreement to marry, hu <1 theircon-
to be. A small snake found in Africa, duct toward one another.
The leading case in this state on the
where this tribe of animals abounds, is
known as the egg eater, and one of them, same subject is Homan against Earle,
less than 20 inches long and only half an which arose in Brooklyn 20 years ago, and
inch in apparent diameter, cau easily take went to the court of appeals, where the
into its stomach a hen’s egg. This is done opinion was by Chief Judge Church.
That great judge laid down the true
by the formation of the head, and espe
applicable to such questions as fol
cially of the jaws. The bones of the head rulo
are not sutured together, but are loosely lows:
“Contracts of marriage are unlike all
articulated by elastic bauds. Thus tue
jaws cau be extended to an amazing ex others They concern the highest inter
tent, considering the apparent size of the ests of human life and enlist the teuderest
head. A snake less thun two inches in sympathies of the human heart, and the
and declarations done and implied by
diameter at the neck can swallow a rab acts
bit, and by taking plenty of time smnlltr parties negotiating them are often corre
ones will uiaunge to g» t outside of a large spondingly delicate and emotional. As a
frog, and to hold the prey during the proc matter of law the learned judge was clear
ly right in holding that no formal lan
ess of slow deglutition—a time of horror, guage
necessary to constitute tlie con
probably, to the unhappy victim—the teeth tract of is marriage.
If the conduct and dec
of the snake are hooked.
In this process of swallowing the snake larations of the parties clearly indicate
secretes a glary saliva, and by gradually that they regard themselves as engaged,
is uot material by what means they have
drawiDg th« jaws and neck over the prey, it
as one would draw a glove on the band, arrived at that state.”
The application of this rule to the Che
and by the help of the hooked teeth hold nango
county case led the general term to
ing all it gains by each effort, in time the affirm the
judgment. A consideration of
prey is finally swallowed. The writer has the facts upon
which the jury found in fa
watched this process in the swallow ing of vor of the piaiutiff
suggest to young
a large frog by a small snake during more men that if they should
than an hour, and when the frog bad dis though they were conduct
engaged they may be
appeared down to its last quarter the an come defendants in breach of promise suits
imal kicked continually vtith its hind legs whether they have ever actually eaid any
in struggles to get free.-—New York Times. thing about marriage or not.—New York
Mr. Asquith’s Double.
Ilers is a good story of Mr. Asquith,
A Royal Rainmaker.
who lived recently at Hampstead.
King Lobengvla has ths reputation of
A photographer in fib John’s Wood was being a remarkably good hand at making
visited one day by a man bearing a strik a thunderstorm, and in this he gives way
ing resemblance to the home secretary, to no man. I remember one day In June
and he took his portrait. The photogra —the month in the whole year in which
pher, who prided himself cn knowing Mr. you least expect rain—some natives had
Asqul h by sight, jumped to the conclu brought a large python into camp and
sion that he had the home secretary as a were singing some of their rain songs. It
Bitter, and when ho took the picture ho is sudden death to any native in Matabele-
hinted that he should be glad cf the right land who if he sees a python does not by
to sell it if Lis distinguished visitor would some means or othor manage to secure it
and bring it in alive. The king took pos
The man seemed astonished, but ulti session of the reptile und said be must go
mately said that he would take £10 for all and make rain. I laughed at this aud
rights iu the artistic work. The photog said I did not think be could do so, to
rapher was somewhat surprised that so which the king replied, “You will see.”
important a personage should r.sk money,
The python was skinned nlive, its liver
but said that if the sitter would allow him taken out and cooked, ami the usual rain
be would send £10 bv past, and then the making rites performed. Curiously enough,
man left. A few days after St. John's just before sundown the sky clouded over,
Wood was placarded with portraits label and soon afterward one of the heaviest
ed “The Home Secretary,” and Mr. As thunderstorms I had ever seen broke over
quith recieved a check for £10, which tiie place. Next morning the king asked
was a mystery to him. What were the me if n white man could make a thunder
feelings of the photographer, who Boon storm like that9 I said, ‘-‘No, king, if we
found out his mistake, may he better im could get you down among the farmers in
agined than described.—London Corre the Karoo, we could guarantee you a for
tune. ”—Review of Reviews.
Gotham’s €’tided Center of Frivolity, Vice,
Society, Politics and Theatricals.
A Thrifty People.
Richard Tnngye, the great engineer, in
his autobiography gives some curious ex
amples of the economy of the Cornish
miners. Compared with these thrifty folk,
Scotch peasanLs and farmers of New Eng
land are extravagant. His grandfather
was a miner, and when once asked what
his dally work was he replied:
“Ten hours at the engine and eight at
digging. The rest of the day I have to
Tangye states that ha once saw this
same old man fall into a fury of rage be
cause a boy whom he had hired threw
away a match after lighting a candle
“D’ye waste my property, ye loon? Then
ye will never be worth saxpeuce of yer
own!” he shrieked.
A careful old woman lamented a stolen
pie for mon- than 40 years. The tears
would come to her eyes whenever she talk
ed about the lost dainty.—London Mil-
Tunnel and Bridge to Copenhagen.
Copenhagen is often cut off from the
mainland during a part of the winter by
accumulations of ice in the great belt,
and it is now proposed to make a tunnel
between the islands of Eeelandand Funen,
and a bridge between l-'uncn and the main
land. The termini of the tunnel will be
at Italskow Pynt and Kunnsbaved, and
its length about 11 miles. The construc
tion will be easy, owing to the soft nature
of the bottom, and the island of Spragal
will be used for ventilation and other pur
poses. The cost of the tunnel is estimated
at 20,000,000 Danish crowns (about £1,-
120,000, that of the bridge, 12,000,000
crowns (£680,000), and Copenhagen will
be brought two hours nearer the continent.
Tlie Hottest Spot In the East.
In the eastern hemisphere the hottest
«pot is on the borders of the Persian gulf
on the southwestern coast of Persia. The
thermometer during July and August
never falls below 160 degrees during the
He was perhaps the most phlegmatic night, while the temperature during the
and cautious servant in the world.
day rises to 128 or 129 degrees. Little
“If I should send you to the cigar store or no rain falls, and yet, in spite of
for a box of cigars.” his master said to this terrific heat and other drawbacks, a
him one day, “how long will it take you comparatively numerous population con
trive to live there, obtaining their water
“Well,” was the reply after a long 1 supply by divers from the copious springs
pause, “as near as 1 can judge, about the of fresh water which burst forth from the
lame time it will take me to go there.”— bottom of the sea.—Spare Momenta.
h'ew York Herald.
HOW LONG CAN A POTTER WORK?
□ETTER TO DIE THAN FALL IN LOVE.
Interesting statistic« About ilia Average
Age aud Years of Labor.
Well lie slumbers, greatly slain.
Who in splendid battle dies;
Deep his sleep in mid most main.
Pillowed upon pearl wlio lies.
IIow long can an operative in the pot
teries follow his usual occupation and yet
continue to retaiu his health? is a ques
tion often asked. We Lave made a pretty
thorough investigation of the matter aud
have gathered facts which will throw aiime
light on the subject :
The average age of a molduiaker is 34
years, and the average years of work are 31.
After working 13 years they begin to de
cline. Twenty three per cent are American
Jiggermeti live 32 years aud work 18.
They begin to fail after 11 yeurs of work.
'Thirty-live per cent are American born.
Turners average 84 years and work an
average of 17 years, and they begin to de
cline after 14 years of work. Thirty four
per cent of them aro Americans by birth.
Handlers average 28. They begin to de
cline after working 16, and 6 per cent of
them had commenced to decline at the
time thesestatistics were compiled. Fifty-
five per ceut of them are of American birth.
General wnre pressers reach the average
age of 80 years. They begin to decliue aft
er spending 15 years in the dusty shop.
Forty-nine per cent are American born
Throwers average 42 years and begin to
decliue after spending 29 years upon tha
Sagger makers reach the average of 34
years, but begin to decline after spending
16 years at the trade. Thirty five per ceut
of them are Americans.
Kilnmen enjoy an average age of 33.
Ten per cent of them begin to decliue after
spendiug 14 years in the cheerless kiln
shed. Fort y-five per cent ure native Amer
Dippers average 38 aud spend 21 yean
nt work liefoto they commence to decline.
Thirty-seven per ceut of them are Ameri
Decorators average 29 years, but begin
to decline after they liase spent 18 years
in the shop. Thirty four per cent of them
Packers arid warehouse meu eujoy au
average existence of 30 years. They liegiu
to decline, however, after they have wres
tled with the musty straw for 13 years.
Sixty per ceut are Americans.—Treuton
Ease, of all good gifts the best.
War and wave at last decree;
Lovo alone denies us rest,
Crueler than sword or tea.
—William Wilson in Christian Educator.
Eels and Tlieir Spawn.
Young eels iu passing up a river show
the most extraordinary perseverance in
avarcoming all obstructions. The large
foodgates—sometimes 15 feet iti height—
on the Thames might be supposed sufli-
cient to bar the progress of a llsli the size
cf a darning needle, l’ut young eels have
a wholesome idea that nothing can stop
them, and in consequence uot Ling doe*.
Epeaking of the way in which they ascend
floodgates and other barriers, one writer
says: “Those which die stick to the post;
ethers, which get a little higher, meet
with the same fate, until Ht last h layer
of them is formed, which tuables the
rest to overcome the difficulty of the
passage. The mortality resulting from
such ‘forlorn hopes’ greatly helps to ac
count for the difference iu the number of
young cels on their upward migration,
aud that of those which return down
stream iu the autumn. In some places
these baby eels are much sought after and
are formed into cakes, which are eaten
“Eels spawn like other fishes. For long,
however, the most remarkable theories
were held as to their birth. One of the
oid beliefs wasthatthey sprang from mud.
A rival theory held that young eels de
veloped from fragments separated from
tlieir parents’ bodies by the rubbing
agaiust rocks. One old author not only
declared tiiat they came from May dew,
but gave the following recipe for produc
ing them : ‘Cut up two turfs co”ered with
May dew and lay them one upon the oth
er, the grassy sides inward, and then expose
them to the heat of the sun In a few
hours there will spring from them an in
finite quantity of eels.’ ”
Hydrogen and Oxygen Gaieu.
Chemical experiments prove that hydro
gen and oxygen gases will combiim with
tremendous violence at. very high pressure
—2,700 pounds to the square inch. In
these experiments a small glass tube was
employed, into the ends of which two
platinum wires were fused, and after in
troducing a cubic centimeter of acid u 1st is I
water the tube was hermetically sealed,
then placed in a large glass vessel of cold
water and an electric current of six volts
passed through it.
The acidulated water was rapidly de
composed into hydorgen and oxygen gases,
the action continuing as energetically aft
er 10 minutes had elapsed; 15 and 20 min
utes passed, the action within the minute
vessel continuing; exactly 25 minutes
elapsed, when a vivid Hash, succeeded by
a violent report, terminated the experi
ment, shattering the glass vessel and seat-
teirug fragments in ull directions. The
force of the explosion may tie understood
from the fact of the sealed tube being but
an inch and u half in length, and contain
ing only one cubic centimeter of water,
nevertheless portions of the glass were
burled with sufficient force in the imme
diate neighborhood of the explosion to
penetrate a wooden bench to half an inch.
—New York Sun.
A Needed Reform In Telegraphy.
At a recent comfietitive trial of skill ?>e-
twcs-ii telegraph iijs-rators on«of the must
interesting features was a test of a receiv
ing instrument technically known as the
“audison”—a small instrument fitted to
the head of the operator, giving u sound
which, although perfectly distinct to him,
is wholly inaudible to any one else. It is
high time thnt the use of u receiving in
strument of this character became general
in the telegraph service.
Under the present condition of affairs,
it is almost literally truetliut he who runs
may read. Hundreds of telegraphic sta
tions in hotels, railroad depots and other
equally public places nre equipped with
noisy aoRuders, enabling every message
that goes over the wire to or from that
or any other station to be read by any
person within hearing who is able to do
so. There Is not the slightest attempt to
preserve the secrecy of communication,
which ought to lie one of the all impor
tant requirements of the service.
There are t he c sands of ex operators and
other parto is in the community who cau
read these si^kials as easily as they could
read a bulletin board, and there is obvious
ly nothing whnteier Usfrgvcnt any oneiif
them from obtaining in formal Ion of other
persons’ business or personal mutters in
this way and using it to their own ad
vantage. It is a state of affairs which calls
loudly for immediate reform.—Engineer
What He Thought.
Down in South Carolina, said the Ilun.
\V. J. Talbert of South Carolina in a speech
in the house, there was a man who hired
u lawyer to conduct a case in court. As
the lawyer was not talking exactly to suit
him, he got up to make a few remarks
himself. The judge of course made him
take his seat. He got up again, and the
judge made him take his seat again. A
third aud fourth time this happened, and
finally the old farmer got up and said:
“Well, judge, if you won’t let me talk,
won’t you let me think?” “Why, certain
ly,” replied the judge. “Well, judge,” he
said, “I think you and all these lawyers
are a set of d— -d rascals/'—San Fran-
To Be In the F ashion.
“Now that we are in a position to enter
society, Edmund,” said Mme. Newriche,
“I want you to do nie a favor.”
“What is it, Maria?” queried Mr. New
riche. “Isn’t your new carriage good
“That’s all right, dear,” replied Mme.
Newricbe. “Bull do wish you’d get one
of those receivers that so many men are
having now.”—Chicago Record.
Senator Blackburn is known as a rep
resentative of southern chivalry, aud he
is entitled to the distinction. He was u
prominent figure at a reception or fashion
able “tea” in a house of a Kentucky host
and hostess. There was present a young
southern debutante. She was new to
Washington. As the senator passed her a
cup, a sort of dowager duchess, distin
guished for her large figure and Intrusive
manners, pressed forward toward the sen
ator. The little southern girl let the cup
fall. Smash it weut, and the contents
spattered over the dowager’s bat gown.
Before the latter could utter a word the
senator »aid : “That’s my fault. I’m too
clumsy to wait on ladies. Madam,” to
tte dowager, “I am ready to suffer any
penalty you see fit to impose upon me.”
Subsequently Blackburn felt his arm gen
tly squeezed It was the timid southern
beauty, aud she said: “Oh, Mr. Black
bum, you’re the nicest man in the world.
I’d hav* ysrt L.ii'ied ft yra hadK-'A**id
"TTIrtropped that cup.” “Well, didn’t I?”
queried the senator. “Yon know you did
not,” with a grateful look. “Well, it’s all
the same,” retorted the gallant Senator -
Lilly, the great English astrologer, an
nually published a little leaflet under the
title of “Astrological Predictions.” In the
one for 1648 occurs the following, “In the
year 1665 the sphelium of Mars will be in
Virgo aud all kinds and sotts of disasters
to the commonwealth, monarchy and king
dom of England may be expected in that
and the two following years. ”
It is needless to add that 1C65 brought
the “great plague,” which carried away
68,556 people and 1660 was the year of
the “great fire,” in which 13,200 houses
were destroyed.—St. Louis Republic-—"
The weight and dimensions of each and
every piece in the construction of a United
States warship is computed before start
ing to make any of them. Such a great
volume of computation is too much for
the brain. Formerly much cf it was per
formed on machines made in Europe, but
now 95 per cent of it is computed on comp
tometers, invented by Derr E. Felt of
Chicago. The adding aud other calcula
tions in many cf the accounting depart
ments of the government are done in the
same manner.—Chicago Herald.
The mammoth, or behemoth, is not yet
universally regarded as extinct. Accord
ing to Siberian and Chinese belief, thera< e
is merely bauished underground, its “ blind
life” being instantly terminated by a
glimpse of the sun’s or even of the moon’s
rars. The inference might almost be called
a logical one from the state of the unearth
In several cases the great beast has
emerged from his millennial retirement as
completely arrayed as if death had only
just overtaken him, liis hide densely cloth
ed with fulvous wool, and that again cov
ered by long black hair, his mane falling
over his shaggy shoulders, his antedilu
vian eyes actually staring from their sock
ets! Contemporary dogs aud wolves fiDd
mammoth flesh appetizing, in spite of its
bemifossil character Mammoth bones bave
been proved to coutain a remunerative",
amount of gelatiu, aud iu Kamchatka
to this day mammoth fat is largely used
for fuel.—Edinburgh Review.
Lobsters are not peace abiding crusta
ceans. They cannot be persuaded to grow
up together peaceably. If a dozen newly
Some Irish Bulla.
hatched specimens are put into an aqua
Some people were laughing at an Irish
rium, within a few days there will be man who won a race for saying, “Well,
only one—a large, fat aud promising I’m first at last. ” “You needn't laugh,”
youngster, lie Las eaten all the rest..
said he; “sure wasn't 1 behind before?”
The following conversation was beard in
Mohammedans think the oath only pos the Fenian times, nuine years ago. A cab
itively binding when they are sworn -upon driver named Tom begins the colloquy,
the Koran, while the Hindoo prefers to “These are terrible times, Bill.” “Bedad,
swear by touching with his hand the foot they are, Toni; it’s a wondher if w<
of a Brahman.
<mt of the world alive.”
won’t, even jf wo had as
The latest statistics prove that more Plutarch.'’ “If Oliver <
than two-thirdB of the grown male popu only come up out of hell, he'
lation of the globe use tobacco iu some one it.” “Bedad, maybe he'd-<,^
of the many forms in which it is taken.
where he is.”—“Seventy Year,
“Young gentlemen,” said au earnest
sjieaker, addressing a company of college
students, “if you have a spark of genius
Customer—If you ever send me another
in you, water it!”
piece of meat like the last, 1’11 take awa/ ’
An Englishman recently bet that he
Butcher—What was the matter with it?
could smoke 100 cigars down to an inch
so tough that
in 10 hours. The dispatch simply adds,
when it wa» cooked I couldn’t get my fork
even into the gravy.—London Tit-Bit*.
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