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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View This Issue
HOOD RIVER, GLACIER, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1904.
EARLY SETTLER WHITE SALMON
Ituilt First Home at ltingen 50 Years
ago Property was Destroyed
Ily Indian Raid of 1S5.
I'i'ttHtus S. Ji sly it, one of the earliest
settlers on tlie middle Columbia and
for many years the owner of what is the
Glades ranch at White Milium, the
properly of Judde A. K. Birkett, died
recently at Santa Barbara, tal., at tin
age of 79.
The life of Erastus Joslyn Is closely
linked with the early history of the
Hood Ittver country. Mr. Joslyn was
a native of Massachusetts, where he
was born of New England parentage, on
Peptember 17, 1825. The early years of
his life were spent in his native state,
where he was married on May 10, 18-18,
toMifs Mary Warner. In 1852 Mr.
and Mrs. Joslyn slart-d for Oregon by
way of the Isthmus of Panama, arriving
in Portland in the fall of that year,
where they remained over the winter.
In the spring of 185:!, Mr. Jonlyn made
a trip up the Columbia river in search
of a location, selecting a donation
claim at White Salmon, on which the
present town of Hingen stands. There
for many years be an I his w ife were the
only white settlers on the north shore
of the Columbia river, between the
Cascade j and Walla Wa'la.
In the fall of 1855 rumors of disturb
ances and threatening among the
Yakima Indiana became alarming,
although the tribe of KlickitatB, living
oluM.t tl.u I.,ol.... (,i.,,wt
ly to the whites. Led by their chief,
Kamiaken, the Yakimas determined
upon an extermination of whites along
the Columbia. Although at tirjt re
strained and discouraged in their plan
by the friendly Klickitats, the appar
ently unwarranted arrest of three
Klickitat chiefs by government officers,
precipitated tin alliance ami attack
upon the settlers. ' This arrest was
strongly opposed by Mr. Joslyn, who,
fearing its effect, removed his wife to
Portland, leaving his claim in charge of
two men. Scarcely had they left the
Washington shore when the men were
warned by a friendly Indian that an
attack was imminent, and leaving the
claim the claim they fled for their lives
before a band of warriors for one whole
night, reaching the river and crossing
unharmed to Hood River, where but
two white men and their families then
lived Nathaniel Coe and William
Jenkins. From there they saw the
Joslyn house and barn go up in flames
kindled by the hand of old White
Salmon Dave, a Yakima chief, who
still lives in the neighborhood of Bingen.
This Indian outbreak of 1856, and the
midnight flight made at the time by the
small band of Hood River settlers, is
graphically described by Captain H. C.
Coe, in his reminiscences of early days
in Hood River, published in the Glacier,
April, 19tXi. Mr. Coe says :
. MIUNIOHT FLIGHT FKOM THE INDIANS.
"The year 1856 was one of anxiety to
the few and scattered inhabitants of
Eastern Oregon and Washington. Ru
mors of an impending Indian outbreak
tilled the air came with the winter's
snows but did not go with them. For
a year the columns of the Weekly Ore
gonian had been filled with accounts of
the barbarous tortures inflicted upon
helplass mmigrants who fell into the
hands of the hostile hordes in the east
ern part of the territory. The question
then with the wretched prisoners was
not how long before a ransom or ex
change would set them free, but how
long before death would release them
from the infernal tortures inflicted by
their captors, Once in their clutches
few escaped to tell the awful tale.
"The powerful Yakima nation, led by
the noted Chief Kamiaken, were prac
tically on the war path, and their emis
saries were everywhere urging the
Columbia river tribes to join in a war
of extermination against the whites.
The Klickitats, an important branch of
the Yakimas, withstood for a time the
importunities of their inland brothers
and gave up their arms to the author
ities without a word; but the maggot
of unrest was industriously working in
the "military brain," and the arrest of
three of the principal chiefs of the tribe
was decided upon. Mr. Joslyn, the
pioneer settler of White Salmon, a
warm-hearted Christian gentleman and
an earnest friend of the Indians, pro
tested in vain against the outrage. The
unsuspecting chiefs were easily trapped,
loaded with chains, sent to Vancouver,
and placed in charge of the regular
army. They soon found means to
evade the vigilance of their guards and
returned to their tribe, who, with a few
notable exceptions, at once joined the
"This occurred during the latter part
of February, 1856. Mr. Joslyn, satislied
that trouble would follow the arrest of
the chiefs, had removed with his family
to Portland, leaving a hired man named
Galentine, and a boy named Hawks to
look out for the place. An attack was
at once planned by the angry chiefs,
but the friendly Indians notified them
of the plot and they left the place and
crossed to Hood River, after being
chased all night by the hostiles. For
this act of friendship to the whites the
friendly Indians were compelled to
leave their homes and with their wives
and little ones also came to Hood River.
There were at that time but two fam
ilies living here William Jenkins and
wife and two brothers-in-law, making
with our family and the man named
Galentine seven men, two women and
two boys, composing the entire white
population between the Cascades and
"Our farm work thus far had been
done very much as the Jews liad le
builded Jerusalem, with implements of
war in one hand and a trowel in anoth
er. Many a day have I urged on the
tardy Oxen with a goad in one hand and
a rifle in the other. These were troub
lous times. The hostile Klickitats
made themselves very conspicuous
along the bluffs on the Washington
shore above White Salmon. For days
the war drums had heat continuously,
filling our hearts with forebodings of
HOWLING INDIANS GATHER ON THE BLCFFS.
"The Hood River Indians had been,
o far, very pronounced in their friend
fhip toward us, and in conjunction with
the frit-ndlv Klickitats, had captured
and brought to the Oregon side every
canoe or boat that could be found
which was in reach of the hostiles. Ho
far to good ; but the Polala Illahe (sand
land) Indians under old Chief Walla
chin, living on what was afterward the
JIavnes ranch, about two miles west
of llood River, were known to have i
very decided leaning toward the hostiles
We at once appealed to the military
authorities at The Dalles for protection,
and Lieutenant Davidson was sent down
with a company of cavalry. How well
I remember them coining! The hostilef
had been nnusuallv active that morning,
and the boy Woodburn Hawks and
myself had been sent out to gather up
the cattle and drive them home, w e
did not much like the job, but could
not help it; but before we found the
cattle we saw the f moke from Joslyu's
house and barn and hurried home as
fast as our feet could carry us. W'e
found the cavalry had arrived, and their
coming was the signal for the burning.
The valorous lieutenant marshaled his
forces on the sand bar, and hailing the
steamer Wasco on her way to The
Dalles, started for the seat of war. My
two brothers and the two Bensons had
gone with the troops, also Amos Under
wood, who was on his way to tie
Cascades, was one of the party. How
the Indians did yell! The cliffs were
alive with them, and their war whoops
echoed and re-echoed across the river.
The valiant lieutenant, ere he reached
the landing, suddenly remembered that
he had orders not to molest the Indians
in Washington, but merely to protect
i he settlers ami their property at Hood
River, and ordered the boat to land him
again on the Oregon shore. Discretion
in this case was certainly the better
part of valor, for it undoubtedly saved
him his Bcaln and that of every member
of his party that was to have landed
on the hostile shore.
HOSTII.K8 ATTACK FRIENDUKs' CAMI.
"That niL'ht. bv some means, a band
of hostiles crossed the river and attacked
the camp of friendly Klickitats near
where the section house now stands,
and after a sharp exchange of shots, in
which one of the invaders was seriously
wounded, the friendlies left their camp
and came trooping up to the house.
Soon after the hoBtiles came across
The Late Erastus S. Joslyn.
some of the cavalry picket guard opened
tire on them, which sent them scurrying
to camp. These men were posted on
the brow of the hill near where my
house now stands, so that evidently the
Indians were reconnoitering and unex
pectedly ran across the guards. Every
lx)dy was of course up and under arms,
but nothing else occurred during the
"The next day all was quiet across
the river. The Indians had gone; not
a squaw pappoose nor puppy was left.
They had disappeared as completely as
if the earth had swallowed them up.
Even the friendly Klickitats were at a
loss to account for their absence. Ah,
but the Cascade massacre was the
dreadful sequel of their vanishing.
"A few days later the cavalry re
turned to ilie Ualles, and tlie daily
routine of farm work- was resumed,
undisturbed until the awful horror of
the 26th day of March. What a bright,
beautiful day it was! The broad bosom
of the Columbia was like mirrored
glass. My two yoke of oxen were yoked
to the wagon, and Brother Charles was
deputized as special guard for the day's
trip to Rail gulch lor a load of rails.
Just as we were ready to start a faint
"hullo" was heard from over the river,
near the mouth of the White Salmon.
Again and again it came. Finally, two
figures were made out, waving their
blankets. The Indians collected at the
house, hesitating, fearing a trap, but
finally, fully armed, a party started
over to investigate. Before their return
we had gone for our days work. About
two o'clock, when on our way home,
my brother Eugene came riding up on
horseback with the news that the
Cascades had been attacked and that
the battle was then raging, and told us
to hurry home as fast as possible. The
appalling news fell like a thunderliolt
from a clear sky. The battle going on,
or possibly over, and and an elder
brother there, perhapB dead.
"On reaching home we found every
thing in commotion. The Indians hail
gathered in for council and were evi
dently much excited. The parties who
were signaling across the river in the
morning proved to be a buck and his
squaw who had been held as prisoners
by Showouwai, a brother of Kamiaken,
because he had refused to let the chief
have a rifle to which the chief had tak
en a fancy. They had been seven days
coming from the Simcoe reservation
and had experienced fearful hardships
on tlie way over from hunger and
fatigue; having come nearly all the
way through snow, in some places many
teet deep. They brought news that the
hostiles were to start so as to reach the
Cascades the very day that they had
reached the river. They had strained
every nerve in order to reach us sooner
and give the alarm, but they were too
"My brother Kugene immediately
started for the landing to intercept the
little steamer Mary, which was then
coming in sight, anil communicate the
news to them. Ttieir reply sent a thrill
of terror through every heart. They
themselves had been in the light and
had by the greatest chance, barelj
escaped with their lives, and Borne had
been seriously if not mortally wounded,
and were then on board. Their advice
was for us to fly with our lives, as in all
probability every soul at the Cascades
would be killed, as the woods were fill;
of Indians About sundown a couriei
arrived, bringing the news that Iliad
ford's store, where all the whiles at the
Upper Cascades were congregated, had
been captured, as the Indians could In
seen carrying flour and other things oni
of it. (This was a mistake as it was tin
Bush house, which had been aband
oned and was afterward looted by the
"A council was at once called, Indians
included. Thev on their part promised
to station guards all along the river and
to send couriers to the Cascades, and
this promise was faithfully executed.
After thev had gone it was unanimously
decided tiiat we should at all hazard
attempt to reach The Dalles. We had
all confidence in the Klickitats; the)
had bevn proven, but were satisfied the
others could not be trusted. Our only
route was by the river, and the craft
a large Chinook canoe which had been
hid in the bruh near where thepresen'
wagon bridge crosses Hood River, and
was owned bv an old Indian named
Watii'usha. this canoe was an excep
tionally fine one, capable of carrying
or 40 passengers.
"At about midnight the entire white
population of Hood River left their
homes and marched in single file to the
rjver, where we met the canoe and
started on our lonely journey. As we
quietly paddled our canoe through the
silent water, we heard the Indian
guards signaling along the shore from
one to another until far up and down
the river came the answering calls.
We had been discovered, and in less
time than it takes to read it, every
camp had been appraised of our flight.
"About noon the next day, when near
Klickitat river, we met both little
steamers, Mary and Wasco, fairly blue
with soldiers, and loaded to the guards
with cavalry and munitions of war, on
their way to the relief of the Cascades.
They stopped as they came to us,
inquiring for news. We gave them
what we had heard from the courier
the night before, and they hurried on.
How their polished rifles and bayonets
gleamed and shimmered in that noon
day sun! and their clanking sabers
made sweet music to our care-worn ears.
How fierce and brave and good they
looked ! Oh! would they be in time?
About 3 o'clock we reached The Dalles,
where almost the entire ' population
turned out to meet us, inquiring for the
news. And there our journey ended."
Returning to the scene of destruction,
Mr. Joslyn built for "himself and wife
another home, and they resumed their
residence as the sole white settlers of
Although never residing in The Dalles
for more than a few months continu
ously, Mr. Joslyn was identified with
the interests of that city, and on Sep
tember 17, 18511, iisiisted in the estab
lishment of the First Congregational
church of The Dalles, Rev. and Mrs.
W. A. Tennev, E. S. llenefield, William
R. Stillwell, Mr. and Mrs. Z. Donneil,
Mr. and Mrs. Joslyn being the charter
members of that society. He was also
one of the incorporators of the Wasco
Woolen mills, in this city, besides rep
resenting Skamania county for more
than one term in the Washington Terri
torial Assembly in the '60s.
In 1875, Mr. Joslyn sold his White
Salmon home and removed to Colorado
Springs, where he has resided until the
past two years, and where Mrs. Joslyn
died. For the past two years he has
resided at Santa Harbara. Ilia second
wife, formerly Miss Anna Tuck, at one
time a resident of The Dalles, survives
Lived One Time at Forest (irove.
Dailv imiicra vesterdav contained an
account of the death at Santa Harbara,
CaJi., of Erastus S. Joslvn, whom old
residents of Forest Grove remember as
living in this region lone ago. During
the Indian troubles along in the fifties
he was driven from his home at White
Salmon, came here and farmed the A.T.
Smith place for several years. He then
returned to White Salmon, where he
lived many years, finally moving to
Colorado, where he was a neighbor of
the Boldnck'B before they left the state.
Later he moved to Santa Barbara,
where he died. Former acquaintances
remember him for his hospitality and
uprightness of life. Forest Grove
Poor Potatoes Flood the Market.
The California market is overstocked
with low grade potatoes. The supply
of choice potatoes is small. Salinas
riurhanks are quoted nt ft. la to f 1 . 40
per hundred pounds and Oregon Bur
banks at 75 cents to $1 per hundred
pounds. Because Oregon growers do
not sell potatoes more freely, some of
the Portland buyers have been telling
ridiculous yarns about importing pota
toes from Dakota. They say they can
get them there at 30 to 40 cents per 100
pounds and can move them from Dako
ta to Oregon for 30 cents per 100 pounds.
We do not know if there is such a thing
as a rate of 30 cents per 100 pounds on
potatoes from Dakota to Portland but
wo do know that the only safe way of
taansporting potatoes from Dakota to
Portland in the winter time is in a re
frigerator car with a stove in it and the
cost of moving them in this way is more
than the potatoes are selling for now in
Portland. Moreover the common tvne
of potatoes -grown in the Dakotas has a
colored skin, and for gome reason people
on the Pacific coast discriminate against
such potatoes. The worst feature about
the potato market in Portland this year
is the exceedingly Door nualitv of the
greater part of the potatoes which are
sold at retail in the city. J heir quality
raises the suspicion that 'they are the
poorest grade of California River Bur
batiks which sell in California for 40
cents ier 100 pounds. Roval North
Novel Method for Itutlilng the Kid.
Charles F Sawyer, alias Tom, the
handy man for George Cornwall, who
was born in the land of the Shamrock
not so many years ago, and who prints
a magazine for lumber men, the Colum
bia Timberinan, drifted into Hood River
Sunday night in quest of material to
make the Timberman of interest to the
sawmill men in other parts of the
Tom stayed over until the next after
noon, leaving then for Bridal Veil. Tom
always finds a welcome at the print
shops, where his inimitable stories keep
the force in humor until hecomesagain.
This time Tom had a supply of new ami
original stories, and one in particular
that should go into print.
As Mr. Sawyer was returning on foot
up the track from Menominee, he was
passing the Indian cabins in the north
part of the city, when out in front of
one of them he saw a young buck three
or four years aid. The lad was dressed
in his copper buckskin, as God had
made him, and although the tempera
ture was hovering near the freezing
point, the Indian mother had a pail of
water besidn her and was dilligently
applying the liquid as the kid juinpeu
and yelled at each dash of cold water.
Tom was sorry for the young Ameri
can, but was glad his mother didn't try
that plan of bathing on li i in.
Can't Miss (ilacler's Weekly Visit.
Winant, Dec. 12, 1!H)4 Editor Gla
cier: Enclosed you will please find $1.50
for which please continue our Glacier
another year. I can't h t it go it; is like
an old friend coming in everv week to
"cheer but not inebriate " t have tak
en the Glacier ever since it first came
out a little -4-page weakling. I have
watched it grow and wax strong, and
stronger under your efficient manage
ment. May it still continue to grow
mid prosper is the sincere wish of
Vours trulv, Mas. Allen Fulton.
Rumor of Mill Another Steamer.
With the advent of spring we are
promised that the fastest Bternwheeler
in the world will be placed on the river
between The Dalles and Portland. It is
the Telegraph, owned by Captain W. H.
Scott, formerly one of the principal
stockholders of the White Collar liue.
He will probably make the round trip
between Portland and The Dalles oneday
and between Portland and Astoria the
next. There has never been a steamer
which has completed the round trip on
either one of these routes in a day, but
the captain is confident the Telegraph
can do it. By alternating the run he
believes he will get all the traffic that
can be handled.'
The telegraph will be operated as a
passenger hoat exclusively. No stops
will tie made at the way landings. Dur
ing the past year she has been plying
between Seattle and Port rford, -and
averaged 17 miles an hour for every day
she was fu commission. At times she
made more than 20 miles an hour.
Captain Scott thinks the Lewis nd
Clark fair will attract thousandsof East
ern people to Portland next year, and
that is the reason lie has decided to
to bring his steamer here. He believes
he can reap a fortune carrying visitors
up and down the scenic Columbia.
Apple Growers' Union.
All members who have not done so
are requested to notify the union how
many boxes of each variety they will
have on hand afterthe Bens.Ganos, Stark
and Baldwins are packed ; also state if
they have storage to protect same from
Hood River Apple Growku'b Union,
E. 11. Shepard, manager.
All diseases of Ktdntys,
Bladder, Urinary Organs.
mat, nuvumauBut. av
ache, HeytDUease. Gravel,
Dropsy, emaie Trouoies.
Don't become discouraged. There is a
cure for you. If neeessury write Dr. I-'eiiiier.
Ho hits NptMit a life time curing JiiHt such
cases as yours. All cousultutloua Free.
"I suffered 10 years with backache and kid
ney trouble. Tried a great many physicians
without relief. Dr. Fenner's Kidney and Back
ache Cure is the only llemedy that ever helped
me and aftor using only two bottles I feel en
tirely cured. Have no pain or ache of any kind.
Miss ALICE McDONALD, Omaha, tfeb."
Druggists, 50c., tl. Ask for Cook Hook Fkh
KorKaleby C. N. CLARK K, Hood Hlvcr.
J. T. HOLMAN
HOOD RIVER HEIGHTS
Fresh and Cured Meats,
A FULL LINK OF
Flour and Feed.
They're tlu; best medicine. You may be able
to get a read.v-inade medicine that will fit your
case, but isn't it better to be examined by a doctor
find have him tell exactly what you need?
We do a good prescription business. Doctors
like to have their prescriptions filled here, for they
know that we do the compounding right.
THE DALLES NURSERIES
R. H. WEBER; Prop.
THE DALLES. OREGON.
GKOWKR AND DEALKR IN
FRUIT, SHADE THCCC GRAPE VINES
AND I kfri AND
Evergreens, Rose and Shrubbery
Remember, Our Trees are Grown Strictly Withaut Irrigation.
bone & Mcdonald
Carry a full line of Groceries, Flour and Feed,
Shovels, Spades, Axes, Saws, etc.
The Fishing Season
Is here, and so are we with a full line of first
class Tackle. Come and see us before buying.
Goods Delivered Free
To Any Part of Town.
bone & Mcdonald
SNOW & UPSON
For All Kinds of
Grubbing Supplies, Wood
Choppers and Loggers Tools
A full line of stock always on hand.
Does your horse interfere? I5ring him in. No cure no pay
Including Ingrains, Blanks, (lilts. Embosses, Silks, etc.
from December 1 to January 1, to make room for new
goods direct from the East.
Prompt service. Phone 071. HUNT'S
Crown and Bridge Work.
Teeth Without Plates.
Treatment of diseased teeth and gunm.
Office over Jackson's Store.
Phone 1091. Oak Bt. Entrance.
Oregon Lumber Co.
are offering EXCEPTIONAL VALUES
in Workingmen's Goods.
Have just opened the LARGEST and
BEST line of UNDERWEAR in the City
3STew tills "Week at
Everything in Lamps.
L'147 I'luti'd Silverware.
Shaving Out tits.
Jarileiiiere mid Flower Pots.
In future we will furnish Entertainers with Chairs
and Crockery. Rental rates.
W. E. GODSEY,
Horse-Shoeing and Repair Work
HOOD RIVER HEIGHTS.
Line of Rain Goods
k.g:en.ts for tlie
Bradley Logger Shoe
Reduced prii-os on Heatere.
Reduced priced on Hnilding Material.
Van Diiwii Cooking Tins, $1 .50 per
net, or we wll separate for 5c to aOu.
Chairs, Writing Desks, llookcaaes, ill
endless variety and price.
llaiiiboo 8pocialtiun for Christmas.
W. HAYNES & CO.
Now have the most complete line of
Builders' Hardware, Shelf Hardware
Tinware, Wood Choppers' Supplies
STOVES AND RANGES.
Blacksmith Supplies and
etc. lor ngons and lsuggies.
Paints, Oils and Builders' Material
Estimates furnished to Contractors.
The Farmer's Friend Feed Store.
Don't forirot to cull and urvt nrii'i'M of Dnlli'R. Dlumoml rVilnmll Tflvor Tnnr.
el, lVaoock and other stmidurd flour.
wheat Hour. Com meal, Kol.LEI) OATS, rrusHlan Stock and Poultry Food,
cracked com, oyster and clam Hliell. irranulatod bonn.nnrinvnrvtlilntrvnnr hor
cow, pigs or eulokeiii! eat can he hud
":i imjr mi i-iib winter aim nave u neiiverea at your Darn, awo
wheat hay at 12 at the "Car." (lot your teed and flour for the winter. It is
not likely to get cheaper or the ROADS 1SETTER.
To the Fruit Grower:
I will any I have soniethliijr that will pleae you. The Zaun Ladder
and Little Red Giant Apple Press both up-to-date no better to
Buy one it will keep you from being (tohs to your wife and children. Buy
your apple boxes while you can get the Urldiil WW ui 11 7 A.
Veil Box. Last car of 8,000 just in. tl W WIIT
You'll have to hurrv. Ill TTi Tf till
and Manufacturers of all kinds of
Highest Prices' Paid
Four weeks' experience under the new manage
ment has proven that the Paradise Laundry is
doing better work than ever before.
The rain does not affect our laundry work, while
it doeH yours, and we want to lessen your troubles
in life, and make life worth more the living. -
We are in position to do your laundry by the
week, and should you wish to take advantage of our
offer, do so immediately. Do not forget that the
holidays are coming, and we want to present the
people of Hood River with a clean, up-to-date, reli
able laundry, and able to do all kinds of laundry
work with neatness and dispatch.
We can (dean and make look like new all kinds of
blankets, lace curtains, gents' suits, ladies'' dresses,
woolen underwear, cotton, woolens and flannels of
all kinds. Our motto: "It is a cold day when Hood
River gets left."
Ste - wart's.
BauHnge Mills, 75c to $1.00.
Rendering Kettles, f 2.50 io $3.50.
Lard Presses, 12.00 to (!.O0.
3 in 1 Oil
Laqnerette renews Quest furniture.
100 New Styles Picture Framing.
Our work warranted style and price.
a full line of Poles, Shafts
WHOI.K WHEAT. Graham and Buck-
here at the "Kight Price." Leave your
for High GradeJFmit.