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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1902)
1 oiLinllAllLll 0
0 BY J. MACLAREN COBBAN,
CHAPTER II Continued.
I went in the morning and discovered
how the strange tints of the water were
produced. The pond was fed by a run
lot, which flowed at the bottom of the
bank on one side of the lane called by
the name of Lacroix. This lane,"! tad
already learned, had been in other days
the private carriage drive of the first
Lacroix before a fctainhardt had been
heard of) from his fine mansion, to his
dye works and hia model farm. The
mamdon, with its noble rookery, had
long ago become the prey of the omniv
orous speculative builder; the model
farm had disappeared, all but the farm
house which, squeezed into a sordid
corner of the spreading village, was now
let out in tenements; a Steinhardt now
reigned in the Lacriox dye works and,
in his scorn of the past, was in the
habit of "tipping" his aniline refuse
down among the tree roots of the cher
ished avenue, narroning more and
more the already constricted channel of
the little stream, and poisoning and
discoloring the once clear flow of water
In the whole neighborhood. This it
was which washed color into the pond
and gave it its varying tints.
I stood thus in some doubt and great
indignation doubt whether Mies La
croix's dream might not after all' be
capable of as simple an explanation as
I had found for the tints of the pond,
and indignation at what I saw around
me. I had never before ventured iato
Lacroix lane; I now passed under its
wretched dying trees, along the brink
of its cinder mud, ploughed a foot deep
into ruts by lumbering coal carts and
wagons, and fancied it metamorphosed
back into the private, shady, well-kept
avenue of the first Lacroix. I had
walked almost the whole length of the
lane when I met Mr. Birley, Mrs.
Steinhardt brother "Jim."
'Ah, there you are," he called cheer
ily, when he espied me, "I was juBt
coming to look you op and take you
round a bit; there's not much 'bu do
ing, and so I've taken a holiday."
After greeting I gave vent to the in
donation of which I was full. We re
turned along the lane.
"Well," said he, laying his hand on
my shoulder, "it's not nice of course,"
standing and surveying the lane.
"But it's not for yon or me to mend it;
though I'm joint guardian with 'Man'
uel of Paul's girl" (he meant Miss La'
croix), "I've nothing to do with the
property, and 'Manuel, you see, can't
bear to spend the brass, and doesn't
care a well, a button for Paul's fam
ily history. Poor Paul! he was a good
chf.o. I suppose the name Lacroix is
done for, and it has been what you
learned fellows would call historical."
I asked what he meant. He stopped
and pointed up tha lane, away from
"You mightn't believe it," said he,
"but if you follow this lane right out to
the end you'll got to the iiastill."
(The dear old gentleman called
I looked at him : I failed to compre
"You don't .mean," I said, "the
famous French Bastille? the fortress
prism of Paris?"
"That's it," said he. "You've read
I suppose, in your history books of the
taking of the Bastille, and the man
that was governor at that time, De
Lacroix; that's the family. The poor
old fellow was killed in the streets,
Thus he went on, with much fullness
of irrelevant detail. I gathered these
feats of conseauence which I here set
down: At the time of the great eml
gration of French nobility to this coun
try, a member of the De Lacroix family
found bis way to Lancashire with one
or two dependents, a packet of jewels
and some scientific learning, and with
out his aristocratic prefix "de." He
prospected about a little, and at length
invested the money he got lor bis Jew
els in the Turkey red and Indigo dye
works of Timperley. He prospered
He was one of the first to apply chom
leal science to the manufacture of dyes
He made a large fortune, and became
the great man of the neighborhood
He had, however, a family of four sons
who gave him great trouble. They
almost ruined their father and quite
broke his heart before their several
courses of extravagance and debauchery
came to an end. The eldest, Paul
father, drew up just in time, marriid
and settled down to the business
another broke his neck in a steepl
chase; the third died of delirium trem
ens, or worse and the fourth still ex
isted, for he could scarcely be said
live: he was the tongue and limb-tied
paralytic, known as old Jaques, who in
habited the little octagonal noum near
the pond, which had been the lodge
his father's model farm. Paul had
wished him to make his house his
home, but he insisted on settling down
This sad and fateful story lay heavy
on my mind and heart for the rest
the day. In the evening I took down
the first volume of Carlyle'a French
F evolution, and read with new interest
the wonderful passages in which he de,
scribes the taking of the Bastille by the
mob, and the part which the old officer
of the fortress played in its hopeless
Alter that I sat down and wrote to a
pair of London friends, asking them to
make certain inquiries concerning Mr.
I bad in all this abundant food for
rumination during the next two or
three we ks. But I had little time for
rumination and no time at all for visits
to Tipmerley Hall until Whitsuntide
mas past. Whitsuntide is the great
festival in the Lancashire calendar.
Then mills and pits are idle tor a
week, and the work people have a spell
of serious enjoyment, and wearing of
new summer clothing, for which money
has been saved from Christmaatide or
earlier. Some go on jaunts to the sea
side for the week or for a day or two;
but the-recreations and dissipations of
the multitude are those counected with
the Sunday schools, which are gigantic
and popular institutions; the time and
attention (often to little purpose) that
clergymen are expected to give to them
can hardly be conceived by those who
hold cures in the south. One day there
is a grand procession round the parish
of scholars and their friends arrared
in tbeir new finery, accompanied by
flaunting banners and a blatant brass
band, and headed by their clergyman.
The procession halts at fixed points,
forms into mass and sings hymn, led
by the bra-f band, while the banners
take up positions to display their hide
ous devises and pictures. For another
day short excursion la wagons, with
tea or milk and buna, sod games are
arranged for the benefit especially of
I the younger scholars; and for a third
Idavalone railway excursion for the
others. All thtse arrangements I had
undertake (some of them much
against the grain, I confess; for I pre
fer to go through the parish as mrougn
life, unaccompanied by instruments of
brass) to undertake alone, along with
all the duties more properly parochial
nd clerical; for the rector was still too
ill to attend to anything.
For three weeks or so, therefore, I
had no time to rumintae upon extrane
ous matters, and no time to spend ai
Timperley Hall. Hut I then made an
acquaintance that considerably influ
enced the later events of my story Mr.
Freeman, the minister of a quaint lit
tle Dissenting Chapel in the village.
We encountered first on the day 01 trie
procession in the Lacroix lane. He
was marching along from the opposite
direction to us at the head of his mod
est and silent troop; the lane was nar
row; he halted, took off his hat, and
trailed '(while I could do no less in re
turn), and he and his people (some of
them with reluctance, I have no doubt)
stood aside to let our noisier and more
imposing procession pass. That was
our introduction. When the Whitsun
tide matters were all disposed of, he
called on me one evening to ask me to
be chairman at a leoture he was about
to deliver in the little public hall of the
village on some point of the land ques
tion. I was somewhat taken aback by
his request, and I suppose I showed
that I was.
"Yon are surprised, I daresay, Mr,
Unwin," said he, with a little con'
strained laugh (he was a bright, genial
little man, with a big, red beard). "I
I will explain why I ask you? because
understand, you, like myself, come
from the south, where pure streams,
and clear skies, and healthy trees may
be seen, but especially because I be
lieve you are the only man in the
neighborhood who holds somethig like
the same opinions as I do; my friend
Mr. Birley, has told me of the talks be
has had with you about the way our
Lancashire friends treat nature."
Your friend, Mr. Birley," i ex-
"Yes, said he, with a comical twin'
kle in. his eye, "Mr. Birley and I meet
not on theological, but on simply
human common ground, and he is the
friend of everyone who knows his good
I began to like my visitor. I agreed
to act as his chairman, and we then
settled down to talk.
On the evening of the lecture I took
my place on the platform in a consid
erabie flutter of nervousness. There
was a large attendance of work folk,
with a fair sprinkling of well-to-do peo
ple from the neighborhood, brought to
gether, I suppose, as much by curiosity
to see two parsons of conflicting creeds
together as by interest in the subject
of the lecture. I observed on a back
seat Mrs. Steinhardt and Frank, Miss
Lacroix and our friend, Mr. Birley
Steinhardt himself was not there. On
rising I was astonished to find myself
erected with rounds of applause, and
on explaining in a few words bow
came to be where I was, I was cheered
with such hearty vociferation, that I
concluded I had become, without know
ing it, a popular personage. I accepted
the explantion Mr. Freeman gave me
afterward: "It was a brave and risky
thing to do, you know, to appear with
me; and these Lancashire folk above
all things admire a bit of pluck against
This adventure with Mr. Freeman
had results that I had not foreseen; but
that I might have guessed had con
sidered sufficiently the situation in
which I had placed myself results
which at the time caused me some
anxiety, yet which, in the end, proved
much to my advantage. Mr. Stein
hardt, of course, heard of it, and took
an early opportunity of calling me to
task with characteristic German I may
pel haps say, Bismarckian brusquerie.
I had been asked to dine at Timperley
Hall. He said little during dinner,
but I found bis eye on me several times.
When the ladies withdrew from the
table, he sent Frank after them. Then
he opened upon me at once.
"What the deuce, Mr. Unwin, is" this
vou've been doing with that ass, Free
man?" I stared in speechless surprise less
at the actual question than at its dic
tatorial tone. His complexion was
usually very ruddy; it now became a
curious purplish red, even to his eyes
and his bald crown, as if he had been
dipped in a vat of his choicest dye.
"You mustn't do that kind of thing,
you know, you'll spoil your chances in
the church; and, more than that, I
can't have you and him disturbing my
workpeople, and setting them against
me. I can't fay anything to him, but
I must tell vou I can't have it; it won't
do at all.""
"I don't know," I answered, "what
right you have, Mr. Steinhardt, to talk
to me in this fashion."
I was angry. . He moved about the
glasses and decanters near him.
"What right? Your salary comes
out of my pocket; your rector can't pay
"That," said I, "is a matter between
you and the rector, sir."
"Perhaps it is. But I want to tell
you that I must be master in this vil
lage; and if you are bent upon interfer
ing w ith me, or between me and the
people, you shall go away that's all.
You keep to your preachings, and your
visitings, and ,your tea meetings," he
continued, in a tone, doubtle-s, meant
to be placatory, "and you will do very
"I take it to be my duty, Mr. Stein
hardt," I replied ,"to concern mvself
with whatever affects the welfare of the
people; and, to my mind, the dreadful
condition of the valley, and " .
"Oh, d d sentimental nonsense!"
he exclaimed. "The valley is here for
us to make money out of the best way we
"It is, of course, of no consequence
that I don't agree with you," said I;
"but as to what I shall think or say on
thee or any other matters, I can cer
tainly take no orders from you, eil.
You must excuse me saying it."
"Very well." He sat a moment in
silence, fingering his glass; he teemed
not to have expected this conclusion.
Then be rose and said, as if he were
quite unconscious of having treated me
with rudeness. "We had better join
"If you will excuse me," said I, "I
think I must say good night."
Liu Me looted at me In some
surprise. "Ob, you should talk te the
women little while at any rate. But
jutt as you please."
The invitation was exasperatiogly
uDConceiced, but, thinking this
dratrinir room the ladies might be dis
tressed, I accompanied tiiut. uotn os
the ladies glanced at me rather curi
ously; probably I showed signs of dis
composure. Soon Mr. Steinhardt with
drew to bis study and his pipe.
"You've been having words witn
Emmanuel, Mr. Unwin," caid Mrs.
Steinhardt, almost as soon as her hus
band was gore. "It's all about that
dreadful lecture affair, I suppose. He
thinks you've gone against him in it,
and Emmanuel can't bear to be gone
against." (The good lady always pro
nounced her husband name with a
lofty sense of its scriptural prestige.)
"I do not see" said 1, still rather
sore, "that Mr. Steinhardt should ex
pect to have his own way everywhere
and in everything, any more than an
"Mr. Steinhardt," said Miss Lacroix,
"is now alone in bis authority, now
that father is gone, and he is by his
nature what you would say a despot
oh, yes, dear Mrs. Steinhardt, he is if
any one is not obedient to him he is
not nice at all. He said hard, rude,
cruel things to vou, Mr. Unwin in
deed, yes," said she in answer to my
look of surprise, I know he did; I felt
him saying them all the time and be
sides, I saw him saying them with his
eyes all dinner time. But you must
not trouble about tiis words; they come
from his nature, which he cannot help
"What things, to be sure, you do
say, Xuise exclaimed Mrs. stein
hardt. "and what eyes you have goti
(To bo continued)
THERE WAS A DISTINCTION.
Both Wert Soldiers of High Rank, but la
Dr. Edward King, the venerated and
saintly bishop of Lincoln, in England,
is now much advanced in years and
somewhat infirm. Recently he has
been visiting Bournemouth for his
health, and T. P. O'Connor, in his "M.
A. P.," tells the following story of the
venerable prelate's visit to that seaside
resort : After resting for some time one
afternoon on a seat on the "Parade"
the bishop desired to move, but, owing
to his age and infirmity, found some
difficulty in rising. A kind hearted
little girl of the town noticed his
trouble and ran up, saying: "Oh, let
me help you."
The good bishop beamed upon the
child with one of his sweetest smiles,
and the srrile of the bishop is very
sweet, indeed. "You are a dear little
maiden," hi said, "but I do not think
you are strong enough."
"Why, bless you, sir," was the re
ply, "I've often hepled up daddy when
he was a sight worse drunk than you
O'Connor says the truth of this story
is vouched for by a canon of Ely, so it
must be true.
A story of General Sir Charles Tucker
is not quite so good, but it is well au
thenticated. The general was on his
way out to India, when he found that
there was another General Tucker on
board the ship General Booth-Tucker
of the Salvation Army. As the P. & 0.
boat came alongside to land passengers
at Port Said and the gangway was
crowded a woman was overheard to say
to her companion: "My dear, there
are two General Tuckers aboard, I hear.
Can you point me out which is which?"
This was said in the hearing of the bluff
general, who was standing right in
front of them.
Turning sharply around and point
ing to the other Tucker, he said:
"Madam, that is the Salvation Tucker;
I, in contradistinction, am known as
the Damnation Tucker." Kew York
EXCUSED FROM THE JURY.
After flavin Naively Turned a Good Laugh,
oa the Judge.
A young man whose features and
flashing eyes betokened great earnest
ness was summoned before Judge Mc
Carthy of the city court the other day
for jury duty. He immediately asked
to be excused. When the judge asked
him what excuse he had for not serv
ing, he replied:
"I believe it is a rule of the cqurt
that the jury is the sole judge of the
facts and the court of the law, that the
juror sou Id only weigh the facts as pre
sented by the evidence, not taking in
to consideration any of the rules of law
governing the case; wherefore all law
yers are exempt from jury duty."
"But are you a lawyer?" asked Judge
"No, but I have been a close student
of the law for many years."
"I am afraid that I cannot excuse
you if you are not a lawyer," said the
"But," continued the young man,
with great earnestness, the color
mounting to his temples, "I am sure,
if your honor knew as much law as I
do, your conscience would not allow
you to serve on a jury.
After the bench and bar had recov
ered from this naive outburst the judge
told the young man that if it was a
matter which affected his conscience so
deeply he would excuse him, ami a very
much abashed youth left the courtroom.
New York Times.
Would Accept Mn. Davie' Offer.
The Mobile (Ala.) Register advises
the legislature of Mississippi to accept
Mrs. Davis' offei and buy Bean voir,
Jefferson Davis' late home. The house
and grounds have, it is said, been ne
glected end ill-kept, only a custodian
residing upon the premises and gather
ing what fees he can from chance vis
itors. Zctt for Sewing.
Englishwomen have taken np the
"charity sewing clubs" with renewed
test since the return of the Duchess of
York from her tour of the British co
lonial possessions. The Ophir brought
home an astonishing number of frocks,
flannel petticoats and wraps that the
future queen had taken the time to cut
and make during her trip, assisted by
her ladies iu waiting.
Pccularity of a Family
Mrs. Susan Holloway, a resident of
Cicinnati, has three brothers and two
sisters, and all of them have six fingers
on each hand. Mrs. Holloway has just
given birth to a baby girl who has
similar redundancy. Mrs. Holloway's
mother and grandmother were also dee
orated in the same way, as is her broth
er's infant son.
Fisheries la Operation.
At the present time. the United States
fish commission is operating 37 distinct
and separate batching stations, in ad
dition to many stations under the con
trol of the commissions of the several
John Daoiell, a Jew York merchant,
kept his Marriage secret for 34 years.
fill will revealed It.
Coal seams are made up of vegetable
remains of former periods. Forests
have an Important Influence on climate
and on animal as well aa plant life.
In the comparatively unknown world
of the ocean marine plants doubtless
have Important functions.
The tall of a fish is his sculling oar.
He moves It first on one side and then
on the other, using hia flng aa balances
to guide his motion. If the fish Is
moving fast and wants to stop, be
straightens out hia fins, just as the
rower of a boat does bis oars.
The American Museum Journal re
ports that the twelve specimens of wild
pigeons recently added to the collec
tions of the museum were secured only
with much difficulty, because of the
surprising fact that this species of our
Lnatlve birds, which within the past
fifty years has been one of the most
abundant, Is now so rare, not only In
a state of nature, but also In collec
tions, that It Is practically unobtain
able. Rain acts In two ways: (1) chemical
ly, by dissolving certain substances,
such as Ume, out of the rocks, and (2)
mechanically by wearing down their
surfaces as It flows over them. Any old
building a ruined castle or cathedral,
for Instance shows a "weathered" sur
face resulting from the action of rain
and wind. In sandstone structures the
details of carving are often lost and on
old tombstones the lettering can hardly
be deciphered. Springs are due to the
rain water collecting in rocks and ris
ing to the surface. Blvers are fed by
rains and springs.
The widest difference between the
American and the British types of loco
motives, says the Scientific American,
Is in their boiler capacity, and the great
er hauling power of our locomotives Is
due more to the fact that they possess
larger heating surface In their boilers
than to any other cause. Yet enormous
as our locomotive boilers have become,
there Is still a call for greater power,
and this can only be obtained by a
change In the style of the boiler, for
much larger machines would not easily
pass through the tunnels and by the
platforms now In use.
The question, how far can light pene
trate a layer of water, and what Is the
cause of the very various colors of the
ocean, have been studied on several
scientific voyages during the Inst ten
years. Transparency varies with the
color of the water (greatest for blue
water), the sun's altitude (greatest for
large altitudes), the season of the year
(greatest In winter), with the salinity
of the water, with the temperature
firreatest for low temperatures), with
ho Aonth nf th water (greatest for
deep water), with the cloudiness of the
sky (greatest for clear skies), with the
dsturbance by waves (greatest for calm
seas), and so forth. The greatest trans
parency observed In the Aegean seas
was fifty-one yards, rnoiograpmc
plates were also exposed at various
dentils, to see how far the chemical
ravs of sunlight penetrated. Fifty-five
experiments at depths varying from
850 to 1,825 feet were made, and beyond
the latter depth no action at all was
CIGARS THAT SAVED THEM.
Two Doctor Mined Train that Was
Wrecked In JSow lorkt lunneu
" That the habit of cigar smoking Is
conducive to longevity la the firm be
lief of two physicians of the eastern
district of Brooklyn. Their faith In so
peculiar a theory Is born of the fact
that they owe their continued existence
to the fondness of one of them for
The story Involved has to do with
the recent disaster In the New York
Central tunnel. Dr. Peter Hughes, sur-geon-ln-chlef
of St Catharine hospital,
and Dr. Paul F. Cavanagh of 610 Bed
ford avenue, are the physicians con
cerned. Dr. Hughes has a patient In
East 128th street near Lenox avenue,
Manhattan, who Is suffering from acute
appendicitis. On the night preceding
the day of the fatal collision In the
Park avenue tunnel Dr. Hughes called
In Dr. Cavanagh in consultation In the
case. The physicians remained at the
home of the patient all night Leaving
there on the following morning they
walked to 120tb street Intending to
board a New York Central local train
for the Grand Central station.
"There's a train at 8:08." said Df.
Cavanagh. consulting bis watch; "we
can make It If we hurry."
"All right" returned Dr. Hughes,
"but I must get a cigar to smoke."
"Oh. never mind the cigar," said Cav
anagh. "We haven't the time."
"I'll have that smoke If I miss a doi
en trains," Insisted Hughes.
Cavanagh yielded and entering a
store they purchased some cigars, hur
rying out again to catch the train. Aa
they neared the station the train the
fatal 8outb Norwalk express came
puffing In. The two doctors ran up the
stairs, but just as they reached the
platform the train pulled out
"There, If it hadn't been for these
blamed old cigars we'd be on our way
downtown now," said Cavanagh, an
noyed. Then the two went downstairs ind
boarded a Madison avenue car. When
they got down to 42d street three am
bulances dashed up In front of the
Grand Central station and a crowd was
"What'a all the excitement aboutf
asked Dr. Hughes of a policeman who
boarded the car.
"There's been a big accident In the
tunnel" replied the bluecoat; "a whole
lot of people killed. One train ran Into
"Which train was hit?" Inquired the
doctor, with suddenly Increased Inter
est "South Norwalk train, due here at
8:17," returned the policeman.
Dr. Hughes looked wide-eyed Into the
face of Dr. Cavanagh and Dr. Cavan
agh looked wide-eyed Into the face of
"Say. let's get off here," suggested
Hughes, somewhat huskily.
Then the two physicians went into
the Grand Union hotel and prescribed
for each other's nerves. They pre
served the stumps of their cigars and
each now has one on exhibition In bis
"That cigar." each tells his friends,
says the New York Times, "saved me
from probable death or serious Injury.
It pa? to be a smoker sometimes."
A LETTER-CARRIER'S WOE&
"footage Ine" Cams Hint Trouble
and Even Financial Loan.
To the postman the woman with the
shoulder shawl tied round her bead
groaned: "Ne. Isn't that too bad?
Four cents due, did yon say?' And 1
haven't got a bit of change. But yoaH
trust me, won't you? I'll be sure to
pay you the next time you come
The postman kicked his boots against
the side of the house and turned the
letter over doubtfully. "Yea," he said,
"I suppose I'll have to trust you; but I
oughtn't to by rights. You have no Idea
how much money I am out of pocket
all the time by paying the postage due
for you folks on my route. You see 1
have to settle with the government be
fore taking the letters out of the office
and trust the people to pay me. Some
times they meet their obligations and
sometimes they don't. But they're never
wholly squared up with me, for the best
of them are slow about getting around
In their payments. And then. In this
neighborhood, they're apt to move away
and forget all about the little Item com
ing to me. To be sure, no one person
ever owes me more than 8 or 10 cents,
but If you get enough people to owe you
10 cents you're the loser of a nice little
sum In the long run.
"It's a funny thing to me why people
who write letters can't put on enough
stamps In the first place, anyway. They
know approximately how much a letter
or package will weigh, but they don't
care. If they send out ajiarcel weigh
ing half a pound they Just stick on a
2-cent stamp and fire It Into the mail
box, leaving the postman a the other
end of the line to square accounts. All
we fellows put together are required
to collect hundreds of dollars every day
for postage due. I've noticed that the
heaviest postage-due mall comes In on
Wednesday and Friday mornings. I
don't know the cause of this peculiar
ity, but I can sweur that It Is a fact
By the way, this Is Friday, and I gen
erally get the worst of it on this day.
I'm getting so I hate the very sight of
a postage-due stamp."
The woman rubbed ber nose, which
was purple with cold, says the New
York Times. "So do I," she said. "But
you sha'n't lose these 4 cents. I'll surely
pay you on the nest trip."
Red Cape in the Jjlon House.
Wsving a red rag at a bull, accord
Ing to a keeper at the Philadelphia
Zoological Gardens, Is no more likely
to make trouble than exhibiting a red
rag to a hungry lion. The keeper ex
plained hia grievance to a Record re
"I shall be glad when that youngster
gets out of here," he said. "Notice
how uneasy the animals are? It's that
red cape she's wearing. Feeding-time
Is a long way off, but that cape looks
enough like a piece of raw meat to get
the animals excited.
"Watch that old lioness follow the
youngster along the front of the cage,
You would think she was going to jump
through the bars. That girl has been
all along the row and hns got the whole
house worked up. ..Whenever the anl
mals are hungry a red objects sets them
going. Listen to the snarling! If that
red cape hadn't come along they'd be
taking things easy, waiting for dinner
time, but now they'll chafe and fret
and work themselves Into a fit
"It's always that way when people
wearing something red come through
One for the Lawyer.
When youth and Inexperieuce pits It
self azainst nee and wisdom, It gen
erally gets the worst of It Some years
ago many farmers along the Hue or a
large railway brought suits against It
and ensnired a younn lawyer named
Brown. The judge who was presiding
was compelled to throw many of the
cases out of court because they were
improperly brought at which the law
yer became angry. Swelling with in
donation, he arose and Bald:
"Your honor, will you please tell me
how It Is possible In this court to got
Justice agalust a railway company r
The court quietly ignored the con
tempt of court shown by the lawyer,
"Do you want an answer to that ques
tion. Mr. Brown? '
"Yes. air." was the defiant reply;
"yes, sir, and I want to know how a
farmer can get his case Into this court
so that It will be heard."
The Judge smiled and said:
"Well, first Mr. Brown, I'd advise
the farmer to employ a lawyer."
Mr. Brown had nothing more to say.
Slaves to Ilublt.
Most of us eat too much. A great
many of us eat so rapidly that we do
not digest our food properly. Dyspep
sia is a national and an Increasing dis
ease. We are slaves to habit In eating
as well as In other matters. A famous
English surgeon has given It as his
opinion that more persons acquire dis
eases and shorten their lives by over
eating than by indulgence In Intoxi
cating liquors. The two meal a day
plan Is growing In popularity and has
Its enthusiastic advocates among the
plain people as well as those who have
studied the question scientifically. The
Americans are the most carnlverous
race on earth. More vegetables and
less meat would save them much mon
ey and many bodily Ills. Comparative
ly few of us apply the rules of common
sense to our habits of eating and pay
a heavy penalty for this rashness. The
reformers who are appealing to this
over-eating generation sometimes go to
extremes, but on the whole, they are
on the right line and will accomplish
An Unfortnoate Allusion.
Doctor Atterbury, the celebrated
Bishop of Rochester, remarked in the
House of Lords, when speaking on a
certain bill under discussion, that he
had prophesied during the previous
session that the bill would be again
brought forward, and he was very
sorry to find that he bad proved so true
prophet Lord Coningsbury, who
spoke after the Bishop, asked the
House to take notice that one of the
"right reverend prelates" had set him
self forth as a prophet but for his
part he was at a loss to know what
prophet to liken him to, unless It was
the prophet Balaam, who was re
proved by hi own ass. Bishop Atter
bury's reply was crushing: "Since the
noble lord has discovered In our man
ners such a similitude, I am content to
be compared to the prophet Balaam,
but my lords, I am at a loss to make
out the other part of the parallel I
am sure I have not been reproved by
anybody but his lordship!"
"My predecessor. 1 believe," said the
new missionary, "did not live here very
long. I suppose the climate killed
"Really," replied the cannibal chief,
"I rather Incline to the belief that our
cooking bad a great deal to do witb It"
Unless a woman gets out a Jugger
naut car occasionally, and rides over
her husband and all his kin. ber owu
i relatives complain that she lacks
I "proper spirit"
After a woman has a baby, she won
ders what In the world she ever to ind
te worry about before It came.
4.4,4,4,1, .frl f , 4. f 44'444
. . I ..
fHERE Is said to be In certain
parts of Southern Indiana an
oath-bound mutual beueflt so
ciety which has grown out of that fa
mous and Infamous organization
which in days gone by struck terror
Into the hearts of all who came under
Its ban the dreaded Whitecaps.
The society has Its secret meeting
pla.-es, its signs, grips, passwords, etc.,
and Is a direct descendant of the or
ganization which for years killed men
and whipped women In Southern In
diana and Ohio. It Is claimed that Its
members elect men of their own stripe
to all the Important offices, so great
Is the society's strength; that when a
trial is on in which any member is
Interested, his fellows are always
placed on the Jury; that It Is a society
formed for mutual protection In any
way which may be Imagined, but es
pecially when' Its members are In
Where the meeting places of the so
ciety are, not one of tbem will tell.
The organization's members are fouud
in the political conventions of city,
township, county, district and State,
though holding the Interests of Its
members above the Interests of any
politician. It never sells Its votes, but
it has developed, has been many a
time a power which has turued the
political scale one way or the other,
greatly to the mystification of the
As a rule, though coming of an or
ganization which was nothing unless
a violator of the law, the present so
ciety is not composed of lawbreakers,
at least in the ordinary sense. How
ever, when one of ts members Is In
trouble, his fellows stand by him until
the last, a fact which has often been
demonstrated in law courts. Frequent
ly, In trials, It has been noticed that
there was some mysterious Influence
at work on the Jury, but what It was
could not be discovered.
Origin of the White Cap.
The beginning of the institution dates
back many years to the early settle
ment of Indiana, at a time when the
State was overrun with desperate
characters who had fled from Ohio and
Kentucky, the southern part, from Its
contiguity to the Ohio, being especial
ly the haunt of horse thieves, robbers
and counterfeiters. In the river coun
ties of Indiana there was for years a
continuous reign of terror." When the
residents of these counties finally band
ed together for protection, the crim
inals fled further to the north, where
their advent was met with the organ
ization of a band of regulators, of
which every decent citizen was a mem
ber. There was little law In those
days. Might made right and there was
no one to gainsay the right of the reg
ulators to take the law Into their own
hands. There are those yet living who
THB WHIFPIHO Or BINGHAM.
have often seen men ride by at night
wlih white tacks, in which were eye
holes, over their heads. It was never
known In one locality from what oth
, er locality these men came. It was
only known that they were "on the
march." but the next day a ghastly
body hanging from a limb, or a shady
character with his back slashed up
with hickory gads, or thfe tale of some
person missing would solve the mys
tery. People who had no business out
' of doors stayed Inside when the regu-
latora were out No questiotis were
I asked and no comments were made.
I This was the original Wbltecap or
i ganizatlon. It served Its purpose well
' and when :he thieves and thugs were
I all driven out of Indiana It ostensibly
I It was in 1S57 that the Whitecaps
' anln tasm mm nminlnAitt ftufr , I
character was decidedly changed. Ed
ward Bingham, a constable who bad
In some way Incurred the ill will of
the gang, was the first victim. He
was called out of his home at night
tied to a horse and carried into the
woods, where he was stripped. He
was then bound to a tree and each
member of the gang took turns In ap
plying hickory switches until be be
came unconHous. Then the man was
carried back to bis home and thrown
brutally over the fence Into the yard.
Bingham died next day and the com
munity arose In rage against his mur
derers. Indictments were brought
against several men who were known
to be In the gang and three of tbem
were sentenced to imprisonment The
Whitecaps bad such powerful lu flu-
I'liv r -At. IB)
SHOT SIX MEN FROM THE CORNFIELD.
TV T TTTTTT
All III I. -
Old Organ iza-f
i 1 u r
ers Has Given
tual Benefit t
ence that the convicted men served
but a small part of their sentences.
From 1Sj8 to 1874, there were occa
sional whippings of both men ' and
women, but nothing of a nature as to
call for special action, but In t'be lat
ter year a lynching by Whitecaps once
more drew attention to the organiza
tion. Fear of the gang was so great,
however, that nothing was done. In
1870, the Whitecaps broke luto a Jail
and lynched a man awaiting trial on
charge of aiurder, of which his luno
cence was later proven.
In 1883 a prominent farmer was
whipped. He had the gang arrested,
but the Jury disagreed and the men
escaped. From that time on for many
years Whltecnp outrages were fre
quent They became so common that
at last the people of both Indiana and
Ohio were aroused and an attempt was
made to root out the organization.
Whipping and tarring parties were of
almost nightly occurrence, and the peo
ple were worked In a perfect frenzy of
Members of the original gang of
Whitecaps were rarely arrested and
more rarely convicted. If a White
capper fell Into the bauds of the law,
It was almost Invariably because of
doing business Independent of the or
It was In Harrison County, Ind., that
Whiteeaplsra, as such, sustained its
death blow. In the hills near Corydon
lived a family of poor whites from
Kentucky father, mother, two sons
and a daughter. One day the father
was found dead In the woods and the
sons were arrested on the charge of
killing him. An examination showed
their lunocence and they returned
home. Soon came a warning telling
the family that unless they left the
county within ten days the Whitecaps
would visit them. The warning was
Ignored and word was received that
on a certain night the Whitecaps
would make their appearance. The
boys got several shotguns, loaded them
heavily with slugs and- hid In a corn
patch near the house. The Whitecaps
came, and while nine of tbem stood
on the porch, two others went Into
the house after the mother and daugh
ter. Ropes were tied arouud their
necks and when their screams told the
boys what was going on they opened
fire at the gang on the porch. Six of
the nine were killed and two others
were terribly wounded. The few re
maining fled in terror. The boys fled
to Kentucky and have never been mo
lested. This lesson was a salutary one. Since
that time the Whitecaps have done
, nothing but occasionally administer
I the gad to shady characters. Several
' damage suits have resulted, but In no
instance has a planum obtained judg
ment The last suit which, like the
others, showed the mysterious hand
of the gang, was tried in Brown Coun
The brotherhood now in existence
does not whip nor murder people.
Some of Its members may violate the
law, but the organization does not, as
an entirely. The knowledge of the ex
lstence of such an organization, bow
ever, has much effect on the morals of
several communities, for there Is really
no telling when It might call a special
session of the court of Judge Lynch.
TURNING SMOKE INTO GOLD.
Clever Way in Which Raleigh Defeated
Queen Elizabeth of England was not
a thoroughgoing spinster, for she had so
little prejudice against the practice of
smoking that she permitted Sir Walter
Raleigh his pipe In the royal presence.
She was sufficiently a woman, however.
to twit him openly on bis devotion to
the weed, and It was on one of these
occasions or so the author of "The
Sovernne Ilerbe" shrewdly surmises
that the kulght replied:
"I can assure your majesty that I
have so well experienced the nature of
it that I can tell even the weight of the
smoke In any quantity I consume."
"1 doubt it much, Sir Walter," replied
Elizabeth, holding It was impossible to
weigh smoke, and mayhap scenting a
joke, "and I will wager you twenty gold
angels that you do not solve my doubt."
Gallantly accepting the wager. Ral
elgh filled his pipe with a weighed
quantity of tobocco, smoked It out and
then, weighing the resultant ashes, an
nounced the weight he had smoked
"Your majesty cannot deny that the
difference has disappeared In smoke."
"Truly I cannot," answered the queen.
Ordering the wager to be paid, she
turned to the courtiers around her and
said: "Many alchemists have I heard of
who turned gold Into smoke, but Ral
elgh Is the first man who has turned
smoke Into gold."
Recognized Their Old Friend.
The love which English people, espe
cially British soldiers, feel for Florence
Nightingale has been shown at many
times and In many places. A new and
striking Instance of It was recently
given by the Sunday Magazine.
The late Sir John Steell, sculptor to
Queen Victoria, was modeling a bust
of Miss Nightingale, when an officer of
one of the Highland regiments which
had suffered so cruelly In the Crimea
heard that the bust bad just been com
pleted, and was In Sir John's studio.
Many of the men In his company bad
passed through the hospital at Scutari,
and be obtained permission from the
sculptor to bring some of them to see
it Accordingly, a squad of men one
day marched Into the big studio and
stood In line.
They had no Idea why they bad been
mustered In so strange a place. With
out a word of warning the bust was un
covered, and then, as by one Impulse.
the men broke rank, and with cries of
"Miss Nightingale! Miss Nightingale!
surrounded the model, and with bats
off cheered the figure of their devoted
nurse until the roof rang.
So spontaneous and hearty and so In
spiring was the whole scene that In
after days Sir John Steell declared It
to be the greatest compliment of his
No fewer then 1,173 persons have
been burled In Westminster Abbey.
Pound sleep Is usually tbe result of
GEO. P. CROWELL,
rSncppMnr In E. L. Smith.
Oldest Established Houw Hi the Taller
Dry Goods, Groceries,
Boots and Shoes,
Flour and Feed, etc.
Tl,i. nM-oatolJialicil liflllRH will Con
tinue in nav ranh for all itS EOOds: it
pays no rent; it employs a clerk, but
does not have to divide with a partner.
All dividends are made with customers
in the way of reasonable prices.
Have opened an office in Hood River.
Call and get prices and leave orders,
which will be promptly filled.
Regulator and Dalles City
Between The Dalles and Portland
Daily .Except Sunday.
Leave Dulles 7 A. M.
Arrive Portland 4 P. M.
Leave Portland 7A.M.
Arrive Dalles 5P.M.
Leave H00J River (down) at 8 :30 A. M.
Arrive Hood River (up) at 3:30 P.M.
W. C. ALLOW AY,
Portland -Astoria Route
Str. "BAILEY GATZERT."
Dally round trlpa except Sutiday.
Leaves Portland 7:00 A. M
Leavei Astoria 7:00 P. H
The Dalles-Portland Route
Strs. "TAHOMA" and "BONITA"
Dally trlpa except Sua J ay.
Leaves Portland, Mon., Wed.,Frl 7:00 A. M
Leavei Tbe Dalles, Tue., Thura. Sat, 7:00 A. M
Leaves Portland, Tuca., Thu., Sat 7:00 A. M.
Leavea The Dalles Mon., Wed., Fri 7t00 A. M.
Landing Foot ot Alder Street,
Both 'Phones Main 861.
JOHN M. FILLOON The Dalles, Or
A. 1. TAYLOR- Astoria, Or
PRATHER 4 HEMMAN Hood River, Or
WOLKORD Si WYER9 White Salmon, Wash
J. C. WYATT Vancouver, Wash
R. B. G1LBRETH . Lyle. Wash
JOHN M. TOTTON. Stevenaon, Waah
HENRY OLMSTED Carson, Waah
and union Pacific
DBTA1T T,IE scHEoiaii .MI
" " From Hops Klwr. AMIT
B!t Lake, Denr, '
Chicago Ft. W orth.Omaha, Portland
Especial Karma City, St. Special
11:26 a.m. lxiiii,Chicttgoand lMap.sa,
W alia Walla twla-
pokana ton.Ppokaue.Min- Portland
Flyer neaKlia,Ht. Paul, Flyer
1:27 p.m. Duliiih. Mllwau- 4:10 a. at,
Salt Lake, Denrer,
Mail and Ft. W nrlli.Omahn, Mall as
Kxpreaa Kana City, St. Exprea
ll;42p. m. IxMiiK.l'nkaiioaiid .Ua.m,
OCEAN AND RIVER SCHEDULE
IDS p.m. All tailing dates t:Mp, m,
subject la change
For San Francisco
bail tiery daya
Dally Cehmikia Sine 00 a.m.
Ex.Hiiniiay tlaaawa. Kx. Bandar
Saturday To Astoria and War
Hi uu p. m. Landings.
:4.1a.m. WlllaaMrte Sin,. 4:10 p.m.
kx. Sunday Oregon City, Now. Ex. Sunday
berg. Salem, I tide.
7:00am. wiiiaoxtte and Yarn- tJSp.m.
Tuea., Thur. kiH Slnra. Hon., Wait
"d8"- and Fit.
Oregon City, Day
ton. A Way LaaO-
ttulaasetto llor. Mp.m.
Tar,. Jbnt Hon..
and Sou Portland to Corral- sod f rt
lis Way Laud-
Lv. Rlpsrla Bnaas Rtvu. l Lewiatasi
';" RlparULeirlito tarn.
Foe low retrs and other Informatloa writ to
A. L. CRAIQ,
M Paaatnttr agent. Portland, Ot.
4. BAl.M J. Aga.t, Hs4 BUvwr.