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About The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933 | View Entire Issue (March 30, 1900)
1 THE UNITED.
I 125 YEARS OF WAR.
& Only a Brief Time of Absolute Peace Has Prevailed Since tbe Declaration of
Independence Was Signed An Official Calendar of All the Mill
tary Events in the History of tbe Government.
rp II 15 Important wars of tbe United
State since tbe Declaration of
Independence, 125 years ago, can
be summed up on the Angers of tbe
two bands, says a Washington writer
In tbe New York Sun. Nine out of ten
Individuals would unhesitatingly enum
erate the revolutionary war, tbe war
of 1812, the Mexican war, the great
rebellion, the Spanish war, and the
Philippine war as tbe sum total of our
military difficulties. But even aside
from our Indian wars, of which we
have bad a number of great dimen
sions, there have been several other
Important foreign collisions which
threatened serious results, notably toe
maritime war with France, the war
with tbe Trlpolltan pirates, and tbe In
vasion of Spanish Florida.
In the War Department there was
recently prepared with great care an
official calendar of all the military
events, great and small, In our history.
The data are of historical value to tbe
general reader, and are as follows:
1175-1783-War of tbe Kevolution,
April 10, 1775, to April 11. 1783.
1782-1787-Wyoming Valley disturb
. 1780-1787-Sbays' rebellion, Massachu
setts. Sbays did not foment the discon
tent, but was chosen leader. With 2,000
men be attempted to capture tbo Spring
field arsenal, but was tired upon by tbe
militia under Gov. Shepherd; three In
surgents were killed and one wounded.
The rest fled. Gen. Llucoln, with 1,500
men, captured and dispersed tbe rebels.
Shays fled to Vermout, then to Sparta,
N. Y., where he died in 1825.
1700-1705-War with the Northwest
Indians Mlugoes, Miamls, Wyuudottes,
Delaware, Pottawatomles, Shawnees,
Chippewa and Ottawas September,
1700, to August, 1703. Included are
Harmar'i and St. Clair's bloody defeats
and Wayne's victory at Fallen Tim
bers, which compelled peace.
1701-1704 Whisky insurrection In
1708-1800-War with France, July 0,
1708, to Sept. 30, 1800. There were sev
eral desperate maritime combats, with
varying fortune, but no land lighting,
France being too busy on the Europeun
theater to make an Invasion, and we be
ing too weak. George Washington was
mudo lieutenant general and couiuiunder-in-cbief
for this war, and our regulur ar
my was raised from 3,000 to 4,000 men
to upward of 50,000.
1801-1805-War with Tripoli, June 10,
1801, to June 4, 1805. Our military and
naval forces brought the North African
Arab pirates to terms, something tbut
several European powers had been un
able to do. Commodore Edward l'rcble
commanded the American navul forces.
Young Stephen Decatur distinguished
himself In this war. Preble made sev
eral attacks upon tbe town of Tripoli
and the shipping in the harbor, destroy
ing several of tbe Tripolitan gunboats
and capturing others. Comuiauder S.
liarron relieved Preble Sept. 10, 1804.
liurrou was subsequently relieved by
Captain John Hodgers. Preble did the
most effective work.
1805 Burr's Insurrection.
1800 Sublne expedition, Louisiana.
1807 Naval a flair In Chesapeake bay,
July 0 to Aug. 5, 1807.
1811-1813-War with the Northwest
Indluns, November, 1811, to October,
1813. Gen. Harrison defeated the Con
federate tribes at Tippecanoe. Teeuiu-
seb was killed at the buttle of the
Thames, In Canada, in 1813.
1812-1815-War with Great Britain,
Juue 18, 1812, to Feb. 17, 1815.
1812 Seminole war in Georgia and
Florida, Aug. 15 to October, 1812. Spnn
' Isb Florida Invaded by Georgia militia
under Gen. Newniun, and the Semluoles,
under King Payne, defeated. These dis
turbances never ceased until Florida was
ceded by Spain to the United States, in
fact, one band of the Seminoles were
never conquered and reside in Florida
to this day.
1813 Peoria Indian war In Illinois,
Sept. 10 to Oct. 21, 1813.
1813-1814-Crcek Indian war In Ala
bama. It was in this war that Gen.
Andrew Jackson first attracted attention
as a commander. He defeated tbe Creeks
In a bloody engagement at Talladega,
Nov. 0, 1813, at Emuekfau Jan. 22, 1814.
at Enotoehopco, Jan. 24, aud finally at
the Horseshoe Mend of the Tallapoosa
river, March 27, 1814, which bumbled
the Creek pride completely. At this bat
tle 750 Creeks were killed or drowned,
and 201 whites were killed or wounded.
In this war the brave Creeks lost 2.0(H)
warriors. But ten years afterward the
tribe still numbered 22,000.
1817-1818 Seminole war In Georgia
and Florida. Nov. 20, 1817, to Oct. 31.
1818. It was during this war that Jack
son took possession of the Spanish terri
tory. He seized St. Mark's and Pcnsa
cola, Fla., hanged two Englishmen, Ar
buthnot and Ambrlster, for Inciting the
Indians to hostilities, and brought the
Indians to terms.
1823 Campaign against Blackfeet and
. Arlokaree Indians, upper Missouri river.
1827 Winnebago expedition (no fight
ing). June to September, 1827, also call
ed LaFevre Indian war.
1831 Sac and Fox troubles in Wis
consin and Illinois.
1832- Black Hawk war, April 20 to
Sept. 21, 1832, In Illinois and Wisconsin.
Black Hawk escaped from Geu. Atkin
son, but surrendered at Prairie du Chlen,
Aug. 27, 1832. He was taken to Wash
ington to see the "Great Father," and
ever afterward lived at peace with the
whites. He was but a chief of a second
ary band. He settled upon the Des
Moines river, In Iowa, where he died in
1834 Pawnee expedition. June to Sep'
t cm tier, 1S34, in tbe Indian Territory.
!.!. 830 'ine Toledo war, or Ohio
and Michigan boundary dispute.
lhJj-1842 beminole war in Florida,
isov. l, IMS, to Aug. 14, 1842.
lWU-lMT-Creek disturbances In Ala
bama, May 6, 1S3U, to Sept. 30, 1837
183d-lS37 Sabine disturbances, South
western frontier, April, 1830, to June,
1X17. ;o ngnting.
1830-183!) Cherokee disturbances and
removal to the Indiao Territory.
1837 Osage Indian troubles in Mis
souri. 183S Ileatherly Indian troubles on
Missouri and Iowa Hue.
1838 Mormou disturbances In Illinois
and Missouri. Governor of Missouri
called out tbe militia, and the Mormous
were driven out of Jackson Couuty, set
tling down at Nauvoo, III. They were
driven out of Illiuois at the point of tbe
bayonet In 1S40, emigratiug to Salt Lake
City. No regular troops were engaged
gainst tbe Mormons at that time.
183S-1S39 New York Aroostook and
Canada (patriot war) frontier disturb
ance. No Bjthtimr
1840-1848-Mcxlcan war. April 24,
1840, to May 30, 1848. Settled tbe an
nexation of Texas, and tbe cession of
California. Arizona, New Mexico, etc,
Gen. Taylor fought the battles of Palo
Alto, Itesaca de la Pa I ma, In Texas; in
vaded Mexico and captured Monterey,
all In 1840; defeated Santa Anna at
Buena Vista, Feb. 22-23, 1847, where the
Americans were outnumbered four to
one. Meanwhile Gen. Wintield Scott
Invaded Mexico by way of Vera Cruz,
and penetrated to tbe capital in a single
campaign. lie defeated the Mexicans
at Cerro Gordo, Contreras, Molino del
Key, Cherubusco and Cbapultepec, and
in many minor engagements. Strategists
have pronounced this one of the finest
campaigns In military history. Tbe Mex
lean nation was completely conquered,
but was most generously treated by the
conqueror. In none of the battles did
Scott's forces exceed 10,000 men, and
he did not meet with a single reverse.
1840-1848 New Mexico expedition,
June 20, 1840. to Feb. 13. 1848. Part of
tbe Mexican war.
1848 Cayuse war, Oregon (Oregon vol
1810-1851 Navajo troubles, New Mex
1840-1801 Continuous disturbances
with Comsncbes, Cheyenne, Lipan and
Kickapoo Indians In Texas.
1850 Pitt river expedition, Califor
nia, April 28 to Sept. 13, 1850.
1851-1852-Yunia expedition, Califor
nia, December, 1851, to April, 1852,
1851-1853 Utah Indian disturbances.
1851-1850-Rogue Itiver, Yakima, K1I
kltat, Klamath and Salmon Uiver Indian
wars, In Oregon and Washington.
18u5 Winna expedition against
Snake Indians, Oregon, May 24 to Sept.
1855 Sioux expedition, Nebraska Ter
ritory, June to October, 1855.
1855 Yakima expedition, Oct. 11 to
Nov. 24. 1855. Commanded by MaJ. Ga
briel J. Uains, afterward a Confederate
general. Composed of a small body of
regulars and a regiment of mouuted Ore'
gon troops. Tbe expedition was a fail
ure. Tbe following year, under com
mand of Coi. George Wright, United
States army, better success was bad
against tne muian allies, and a peace
subsequently compelled. Lieut. Sheridan,
afterward lieutenant geuernl, greatly dis
tinguished bimseif at the Cascades.
18u5-1850 Cheyenne and Arapahoe
1855-1S58 Seminole war In Florida,
Dec. 25, 1855, to May 8, 1858.
1857 Gila expedition, New Mexico,
April 10 to Sept. 10, 1857.
1857 Sioux Indian troubles In Minne
sota and Iowa, March and April. 1857.
1857-1858 Expedition agaiust the Mor
mons in Utah. About 2,500 troops, un
der Col. Albert Siduey Johnston, pene
trated to Suit Lake City. There were no
hostilities, although the Mormous cap
tured a drove of beef cattle, aud com
mitted some petty depredutions. The
President offered pardon to all who
would yield, and tbe proffer was accepted
by the Mormou leaders. The troops were
stationed at Camp Floyd, aud remained
lu Suit Lake valley until 1800. A. S.
Jobuston was afterwards one of tbe most
conspicuous of the Confederate chieftains
aud was killed at the bead of bis army
lu tne name or smion, April o, 1802.
1857-1858 Kansas border troubles.
Col. E. V. Sumner of the First cavalry
was tbe senior olllcer iu Kansas. The
United States forces seemingly lent their
moral influence to tbe pro-slavery cause,
but they did not seriously interfere ex
cept once. Under tbe orders of Presf
dent Frauklin l'ierce, Col. Simmer dis
persed tbe Free State Legislature, called
to meet at Topeka, July 4, 1850. Sumner
was afterward a Union major geueral,
aud greatly aistiuguisncd bimself.
1858 Expedition against Northern In
diaus, Wnsbiugton Territory, July 17 to
Oct. 17, 181)3.
1858 Puget Sound expedition, Wash
Ington, Aug. 10 to Sept. 23, 1858.
1858 Spokane, Coeur d'Aleue and Pa-
loos Indian troubles in Washington Ter
1858 Navajo expedition, New Mexico,
Sept. U to Dee. aa, lsus.
18T.8-1850-Wlchita expedition. Indian
Territory, Sept. 11, 1858, to December,
1850 Colorado river expedition, Cali
fornia, Feb. 11 to April 28, 1850.
1850 Pecos expedition, Texas, April
10 to Aug. 17, 1850.
1850 Antelope Hills expedition, Tex
as, June 10 to Sept. 23, 1850.
ISoO Bear river expedition, Utah
June 10 to Sept. 23, 1850.
1850 John Brown raid. Harper's Fer
ry, Va., October and December, 1850,
urown seisea tne united Mates armory.
where he was attacked by local militia
under Col. Baylor. Subsequently he re
treated to the engine bouse, afterward
known as "John Brown' Fort," where
he held out from Monday, Oct. 17, until
Tuesday morning, Oct. 18. Col. Robert
E. Lee had arrived tbe night before from
Washington with ninety marines and two
cannon, and Brown was soon overcome,
He was surrounded by 1,500 militiamen
and Irregulars. Hi total force was
twenty-two men seventeen whites and
five negroes. All were killed but tour,
mown was natiged uee. -a. ISoO. at
Charlestown, Va. About twenty militia
men aud citizens were killed and wound
1S50-1800 Cortina troubles alona Klo
1800 Kiowa and Comanche expedition.
Indian Territory, May 8 to Oct. 11, 1800,
isw Carson valley expedition. Utah.
Way 14 to July 15, 1800.
lSt0-lSUl Navajo expedition. New
Mexico, Sept. 12. 1800. to Feb. 24, 1SU1
lOl-lS(iO- ar of secession, April 10,
istil, to Aug. 20, 1SG0. Actual hostili
ties began at Fort Sumter April 12. 1801.
and ceased with the Confederate surren
der in Texas, May 20, 1S05. The civil
war was officially declared to have ended
Aug. 20, 1SG0.
18t!2-lSG7-Siotix Indian war In Min
nesota and Dakota. Tbe Sioux killed up
ward of 1,000 settlers in Minnesota.
They were pursued by Gens. Sibley and
Sully, with about 5,000 men. scattering in
Dakota. The operations against them
were successful. Over 1,000 Indians
were made prisoners and 30 of the mur
derers were hanged after a fair trial. In
lStid tbe Minnesota Sioux were removed
1803-1809 War against the Cheyennes,
Arapaboes, Kiowas aud Comanche In-
diaus in Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and
1805-1808 Indian war in southern Ore
gon aud Idaho aud northern California
1SG5-1S0U Fttan raid. New York and
Canadian border disturbances.
1807-18il Campaign against Llnan.
Kiowa, Kickapoo and Comanche Indians
and Mexican border disturbances.
1S08-1S0O Canadian river expedition.
Indian Territory, and New Mexico, Nov.
5, 18G8, to Feb. 13, 1809.
1871 Yellowstone expedition, Aug. 28
to Oct. 25. 1871.
1871 Fenian troubles, Dakota and
Manitoba border, September and Octo
1872- 1873 Modoc campaign, Nov. 28.
1872, to June 1, 1873. Tbe Modoc band
of Captain Jock beld out against all ef
fort for nearly a year. Gen. Wheaton
and Gen. Gillem, with inconsiderable
forces, were repulsed. In a friendly con
ference, April 11, 1873, Gen. E. It. S.
Canity and Dr. Thomas were murdered
In cold blood, and tbe war was resumed.
Gen. Jefferson C. Dnvi compelled Cap
tain Jack to surrender after a long and
stubborn resistance. Jack and three
other Modocs were hanged at Fort Kla
math, Oct. 3, 1873. The rest of the baud
was moved to the Indian Territory,
1873- Yellowstone expedition, Dakota,
June 4 to Oct. 4, 1873.
1874- 1875 Campaign against Kiowas,
Cheyennes and Comanche Indians, In
dian Territory, Aug. 1, 1874, to Feb. 10,
1874 Sioux expedition, Wyoming and
Nebraska. Feb. 13 to Aug. 10, 1874.
1874-Black Hills expedition, Dakota,
Juue 20 to Aug. 30, 1874.
1874 Big Horn expedition,. Wyoming,
Aug. 13. 1874, to Oct. 10, 1874.
1875 Expedition against Indians In
eastern Nevada, Sept. 7 to 27, 1875.
1870 Powder river expedition, Wyom
ing, Nov. 1 to Dec. 31, 1870.
1870-1877-Big Horn and Yellowstone
expeditions, Wyoming and Montana,
Feb. 17, 1870, to June 13, 1877. Three
converging expeditious under Gens. Gib
bon, Custer and Terry were sent against
tbe hostile Sioux, who bad previously re
pulsed Gen. Crook in the Little Big Horn
country. Custer divided his command
when in the vicinity of tbe Indians, and
be with 250 of his men was surrounded
aud massacred to a man by at least 3,000
Sioux warriors. The bands of Sitting
Bull, Crazy Horse and other hostiles af
terward tied into Canada, from whence
they did not return for some years,
Eventually all came into the agencies.
1870-1870-Wor with Northern Chey
ennes and Sioux, Indian Territory, Kau
sua, Wyoming, Dakota, Nebraska and
1877 Labor strikes In Pennsylvania
and Maryland, July to October, 1877,
1877 Nez Farces campaign, June 14 to
Oct. 6, 1877.
1878 Bannock campaign, May SO to
Sept. 4, 1878.
188 Piute Indian troubles In Nevada
1878-Ute expedition, Colorado, April
3 to Sept. 0, 1878.
1870 Snake or Sheepenter Indian trou
bles, Oregon and Washington.
180-1804 Disturbances of settler In
Indian aud Oklahoma Territories, Okla
homa boomers, aud the Cherokee strip
1870-1880 Ute Indian campaign. Colo
rado aud Utah, Sept. 21, 1879, to Nov.
I8S0 Chinese miners and labor trou
bles in Wyoming, September and Octo
1890-1891 Sioux Indian disturbances
In South Dakota, November, 1800, to
1801-1803 Garcia troubles, Mexican
1892 Miners disturbance In Idaho.
July to ISovember, 1802.
1894 Iudustrial army, commonwealers.
Coxeyites aud labor disturbances.
1894 Railroad, Pullman and labor
strikes, from Illinois to the Pacific coast.
June to August, 1894.
189o Bannock Indian troubles, July
and August, 1895.
1898 Spauish-Cuban war.
1898 Leech Lake and Pillager Indian
1898-1899 Philippine war (still in pro
Our Indian wars are apparently a thing
of the past, but the record shows that
they were going on pretty constantly for
one hundred years.
The author of "Flowers from a Per
sian Garden" gives many examples of
Orlentul wit aud humor, some of which
ar extremely delicate and pleasing.
Among them is the story of a profes
sional scribe to whom a man went, ask
ing that a letter might be written for
him. The scribe said be had a pain In
A pain In your foot!" echoed tbe
man. "1 don t waut to send you to any
plnce, that you should make-such an
"Very true," said the scribe, "but
whenever I write a letter for any one
I am always sent for to read It be
cause no one else can make It out"
When a man becomes suddenly rich,
It not unfrequeutly follows that be be
comes as suddenly oblivious of his old
frleuds. Thus, a Persian having ob
tained a lucrative position at court a
friend of bis came shortly afterward
to congratulate him thereon.
Ihe new courtier asked him: "Who
are you, and why do you come here?"
The other coolly replied: "Do you not
know me, then? I am your old friend,
and am come to condole with you, hav
ing hoard that you bad lately lost your
Changed the Place.
It Is said that Jared Sparks, chosen
president of Harvard College in 1849,
yielded promptly aud courteously to
the oplnlous and wisbps of the faculty
where no Important Interest was at
Issue; but wherever the welfare or
honor of the college or of Its Individual
members was concerned, he adhered
Immovably to his own Judgment
A case in point says Dr. Peabody, In
his "Harvard Graduates Whom 1 Have
Known," occurred when Kossuth was
making his progress through the coun
try. Mr. Sparks was one of the few
who were disinclined to pay him bom-
age. The then usual spring exhibition,
normally held in the college chapel,
was at band, and It was understood
that Kossuth would be present. Tbe
faculty voted unanimously, or nearly
so, to hold tuts exniomon where tbe
commencements were held, in the First
Mr. Sparks declared the vote, but
added: It Is for you, gentlemen, to
hold the exhibition where you please.
I shall go to the chapel In my cap and
gown at the usual hour."
Tbe vote, of course, was recousld
La Gaceta, a paper published In
Guadalajara. Mexico, part In English
and part In Spanish, prints in a promi
nent place the folowlng:
Will the gentleman who embraced my
wife at the entrance to the postolflce
about 9 o'clock Thursday evening
please send bis photograph for my
album of heroes? lie will greatly oblige
Black eyes are beautiful only when
given by Datura.
LET US ALL LAUGH.
JOKES FROM THE PENS OF
Pleasant Incidents Occurring the
World Over-Sayings that Are Cheer
ful to Old or Young-Fnnnjr Selec
tions that You Will Knjoy.
"The kind of drummer we want Is a
convincing talker who has a large cir
cle of friends."
"You'll not find him."
"Why not?" ;
"Convincing talkers never have a
large circle of friends." Indianapolis
"What on earth are you bringing all
those umbrellas in here for?" asked
Mrs. Van Fashion, as Mr. Van Fashion
puffed Into their bed room with an
armful of rain Interceptors. "Why, I
thought that reception was due to
night." "Yes, and you are afraid the guests
will steal them, are you?"
"Not at all; I am afraid they wl)
recognize tbem." Life.
"Oh, I wouldn't call Chollie a dum
my," said the young woman who has a
"What else Is he?" asked the caustic
"I do not know that he is anything at
all. But all tbe dummies I have seen
wore ready-made clothes, and Chollie
would rather die than do that" In
He Spoke Too Late.
Unwelcome Suitor That's a lovely
song. It always carries me away.
She If I had known how much pleas
ure It could give us both I would have
sung It earlier In the evening. Harlem
The 20th Century Hotel.
"Here, Front, take one day's rations
and go to the top floor and find out
what that man in lOOOOOOOOOOl wants."
New York Journal.
Her Knowledge of It.
The young M-onian had been type
writing to the Chairman of the Finance
Committee for about a month and had
made a mistake in one of his circular
"Here," he said angrily, "don't you
know anything about the money ques
tion at all?"
"I know this much," she responded
with asperity, "I was to get $6 a week
in this office, and I've been working
four weeks and haven't had a cent
Resenting; a Slander.
Guest Insomnia kept me awake all
night last night.
Landlord (indignantly) I'll give you
$5 to find one in the house! Baltimore
High Life Fiction.
"Does that new novel call a spade a
"No, Indeed; the laboring classes are
not mentioned In the book at all."
He WThnt Is a flirtation?
She Attention without Intention.
Visitor What a dreadful smell of
Hostess Oh, It Is only George burn
ing his weeds, as he calls it
Visitor I didn't know be went In for
Hostess Neither does he. He has
been smoking some cigars I gave him
last Christmas. Judy.
Retained with Difficulty.
"Bigby started for Europe full of a
big business scheme."
"Did it succeed?"
"Well, yes; but he says that for one
pell going over he thought he should
have to throw the whole thing up."
Forewarned Is Forearmed.
"Going to the Tarls Exposition next
"Good. So am I. I hope I shall see
"I hope you will, Varnum."
"We ought to begin saving money for
It. oughtu't we?"
Yes. That is, you ought. 1 am eo-
Ing to run an American boarding
"I suppose you think I Insist on hav
ing my own way a great deal." said
Mr. Meekton's wife, in a rather relent
Of course I do, Henrietta. You
wouldn't be doing your duty bv me
otherwise. You might let me make
some mistakes." Washington Star.
It Is Reality.
Charley Spoouer I hope you will
write me very often while I am awav.
darling. I shall live on your letters.
Maude Dear boy, 1 didn't know you
were fond of a note-meal diet
"James, wake me to-morrow morning
at 0 o'clock.
"Yes, sir, but isn't that a bit early for
you to get up, sir?"
"I have no idea of getting up. I want
to turn over on the other side and sleep
A Double Life. '
"Just learned to-day," Bald Mrs. W:
derly, "that my husband Is leading a
"Well, I don't blame him much," re
plied ber spinster cousin. "A single
life is awfully tiresome." Baltimore
The PhlllstineIs it true that genius
Is only a capacity for taking palus?
The Poet No. True genius is the
ability to write fly-time poetry in tbe
middle of winter. Indianapolis Jour
Governess What were the names of
Kitty (after a pause) Shem (pause)
Ham, aud (long pause) Bacon.
Made Her Laugh.
Patience There's something about
Tom's moustache that makes me
Patrice Is that so? It tickles me,
too. Yonkers Statesman.
Wished Him Success.
A burglar who had entered a minis
ter's house at midnight was disturbed
by the awakening of the occupant of
the room he was in. Drawing his knife,
he said: "If you stir you are a dead
man. I'm hunting for money."
"Let me get up and strike a light,"
said the minister, "and I'll hunt with
you." Unlversalist Leader.
Questions and Answers.
An inspector was once giving an ob
ject lesson on an umbrella. To Illus
trate his subject he took his own silk
umbrella, which happened to have a
small hole In It ,
"What is this, boy?"
"An umbrella, sir."
"And what is this?"
"The stick, sir."
"The ribs, sir." . .
"With what is it covered?-
"Surely you know. What kind of an
umbrella would you call It?"
'An old 'un, sir." Good Words.
Diamond Cut Diamond.
Downtown Here comes Jacksoa
He's got a new baby, and he'll talk ui
Uptown Well, here comes a neigh
bor of mine who has a new setter dog.
Let's introduce them to each either
and leave them to their fate. ,
Not Worth Solving.
She You are a conundrum. "
He Indeed! -
She Yes, and I'm going to give yon
A Timely Question.
It was an Irishman who went to buy
clock, and when shown one that
would go eight days without wind
lug," asked: "Be jabers, how loa;
would It run if ye wound It?"
Mrs. Nettleson The dentist's
seems to be young to have teeth.
The Nurse (confidentially) Don't
say anything, but the child's father
made him the set Brooklyn Life.
Colors Too Loud.
Mrs. Porcine What a lowly rainbow
Mrs. Chipbeef Do you think so?
Mrs. Porcine Why, don't you?
Mrs. Chipbeef Oh, I daresay It's all
very well, but the colors are too loud
for my taste. Melbourne Weekly
She Do you want to drive your wife
and children to beggary? That makes
ttie second . package of tobacco
you've bought in a month.
The First Monument.
The oldest monument in Westminster
Abbey is that erected to Edward the
Confessor. The first Abbey church of
Westminster was built by King Ed
ward the Confessor, who died in the
opening days of 10C0, when his church
had just been consecrated In the pres
ence or Edith, his Queen. He was
buried before the high altar with his
crown upon his head, a golden chain
and a crucifix around his neck, and his
pngnm s ring upon ms finger. When
iienry m. rebuilt the Abbey In 1273
he built the chapel of Edward the Con
fessor, as a monument to him, at the
rear of the high altar, placing his
shrine In the center of the chapeL and
there they remain to the present day.
The coffin containing the Incorrupt
Douy or tne conressor was carried on
the shoulders of the Royal Plantagenet
princes (whose own sepulchers were
afterward to cluster around It), and
deposited in the shrine of marble and
In the year 1700 there was only one
newspaper In the United States. Now
there are more than In England,
Prance and Germany put together.
t . -j
' Very Near It.
PACIFIC COAST NEWS
Commercial and Financial Happening!
of Interest In the Growing
Letter From Nome,
E. W. Beachwood, of Tacoma, Wash
received a letter from R. J. Becker,
Nome. Alaska, in which he says:
"At present all lines of supplies, ex-
cent docs, are sufficiently plentnui
Lumber is $250 per 1,000 feet, and
hard to get. Milk and cream low, ana
rice and ham 50 cents per pound
Vnel will ha shoit. Dou teams have
cleaned the river and beach already
One hundred pounds, or a single saok,
of coal, when you can get it, costs SfoO
"For profit, canned meats is a good
staDle. but not flour or sugar. Never
in history has there been such stam
ceding. Bonanza district has been lit
on as by grasshoppers, and now there
is a errand rush for Koksadapagra.
'The bis excitement is at Mine
creek, 15 miles above Prince of Wales,
York is attracting a big lot of atten-
tion. and good results are shown
Above Cape Rodney is the latest, called
New Eldorado district, and it is surely
good, along with a three mile free gold
bearins ledce of ouartz. The trail is
hot with people for this district
There will no doubt be a big stampede
for Norton creek, as $14 a pan is se'
cured. Other creeks yield 10 and 15
cents at the surface.
'The beach is being worked with
cood results, and coarse gold nt times
shows up. Several $5 and $15 nu
eets. and one worth $37. were found
about one and a half miles up, and on
top of the ground."
Bonded for S20O.00O.
What promises to be one of the rich
est mines in the whole Eastern Oregon
district, and which heretofore has been
practically unknown, was bonded today
to Captain J. W. Ileisner, of Baker
City, for $200,000. The property is
situated on Dixie mountain, near
Quartzburg, at the head of John Day
valley. It is named the Yankee Boy,
and consists of a group of six claims.
Several veins run through the property
of high grade ore. The formation of
the ledge3 is porphyry, slate, Byenite,
granite and phonolite. The property
is well developed by tunnels and shafts,
and the ore is found in hematite and
quartz. There is plenty of water and
timber, water right and mill site.
To Use Street Car Track.
The Lebanon, Or., paper mill com
pany has purchased a mile of street car
rails, that were obtained years ago for
extensions of the street car system in
Eugene. The extensions were never
made. The rails will now be put to
use in the vards of the paper mill at
Lebanon. In addition to this, negotia
tions are pending between the same
parties for the purchase of tha street
car system now in operation at Eugene.
Trout From Lake Michigan.
Tom Brown, superintendent of the
Salmon river steelhead hatchery, and
E. R. Greenraan, deputy fish commis
sioner, left today for the hatchery site
to begin work on the spring run. Mr.
Greenman will remain there only
short time. Superintendent S. W.
Downing, of the Clackamas hatchery,
has received 100,000 trout from Lake
Michigan.which he is feeding. These
trout will be transplanted in Washing
ton and Oregon waters. When full
grown these trout weigh as much as
The $15,000 necessary to establish a
fruit cannery in Walla Walla has been
A Umatilla county, Or., breeder has
a Poland China sow whose offspring
last year brought him $100. Her lat
est effort was a litter of 14 pigs,
The most unique wedding ever sol
emmzed in Spokane occurred when
Justice Leon.rd performed the cere
raony uniting 'lom W ing, a native of
China.and Wennie, a native of Japan,
11 is me opinion or many of our
ranchers with whom we have snoken
on the subject, says the Vale, Malheur
county, uazette, there will be consid
erable water during the coming season,
in spite of the lack of buow in the
mountains. They say that as the
ground has not been frozen the rain
and snow water has sunk, and this will
feed the springs until late in the season.
Li. Patnand. who arrived the other
day from Alaska, it is said, made
stake large enough to pay dividends to
the several Everett citizens who joined
in advancing him $50 each as a ciub
staKe, at the rate of ..$1,350 for eveiy
While excavating at Fort Setvens re-
cently for the new barracks, an old
burying ground was discovered and
1 IV. ...
roverui euuius uneartnea. jno one
seems to now anything about this
ancient burial place, and no mention
can be found of it in the records at the
W. W. Fish, a millionaire of Elmira.
N. Y., and Professor B. F. Banre
leased 1,200 acres of choice lands on
the Yakima Indian reservation at
Simco station, and have a large force
?f men engaged in plowing and seed
-iney propose making a great
iock iarm, m wnicn ailalta will form
the basis of feeding several thousand
cattle, sheep and hogs every wintei for
ine early spring market.
A hole 600 feet deep has been drilled
on the ranch of Alex Still, near West-
Mi, Or. Some water has been obtiin.
sd ad it is expected that a good sup
ply of water will be found at a littl
The sheepmen who have been using
x w -ia . v UCCU Uaiilg I
the mountains included in the Ranier
forest reserve have been notified of the
decision of the secretary of the interior
" sneep and cattle will not be per-
mitted to graze
on the reserve this
The Southern Pacific Comnanr ho.
iistributed 23 carloads of ties between
ftumsviue and North Santiam. and is
rawing its road-bed in first-class shape.
ine Pacific Sheet Metal WnrVa ,
Puget Sound Mill Company and the
f airnaven tanning Company are suing
:ounty Treasurer Roeder. of Whnt,-nm
"""'."i sa., ro nave set aside taxes
against tneir nrnnortioa ..
Fairhaven city taxes, alleging that thev d
Ure located on the tide lands in front
, out wnoiiy outside of the city limits
f Fairhaven. The total amnnnt n.
uivea is f 1,266.82,
Ueneral Outlook Ketalns Host En...
aging Features. j
Bradstreet's Bays: Some of the irJi
nlaritiea are visible in the general tJ.f .
and industrial situation, the results $
the working 01 counter onrrents In t. "
rious lines, but, taken as a whole, tit
general ontlook retains the most en'
couraging features noted for some tin,
past in these colnmes. Favorable tej
ports as to retail distribution and as tc !
collections come from Southern. W
em and Northwestern markets, due t,'
better weather. Advances in wages 0
soil coal miners, 01 stove molders, noi
of other workers allied to the iron aa i
steel industry would seem to point tr
labor conditions retaining most of ths
iavuruuie letuuies wmcn nave recentli'
made them features of favorable nil
Sugar is higher, mninly owing to thti
growing strength of raw material. j
Wheat and corn, among the bread,
stuffs, have been weaker, reflectiuu an,
other one of those short swiuts i.
prices which have been a feature of th
former market, but also expected heavy
shipments from Argentina and good es
timated crop reports from the Sonti
and West. In the Central West, wheal'
crop advices are disappointing, com.'
plaint of winter killing more than off
setting increased acreage. .,
Wool remains one of the soft snots it
the market, and though a little nio
business has been done this week thm
last, concessions are easier to obtain
and prices are qnotably lower. h
Wheat, including flour, shipment'
for the week aggregate 2,903,495 bush
els, against 2,727,450 bushels last'
week, 8,764,761 bushels in the corre
sponding week of 1899. i
Business failures foi the week in the
United States number 192, as compared'
witn luu last week.
PACIFIC COAST TRADE.
Onions, new, )f2.002. 75 per sack,!
Lettuce, hot house, 60c per doz.
Potatoes, new, $1718.
Beets, per sack, 75 85c.
Turnips, per sack, 6O0.
Carrots, per sack, 75c.
Parsnips, per sack, 75 85c.
Cauliflower, 75c$l per dozen.
Cabbage, native and California.
$1.00 1.25 per 100 pounds.
Apples, $1.25 1.50 per box.
Prunes, 60o per box.
Butter Creamery, 28o per nounl:
dairy, 17 22c; ranch, 17o per pound, i
tfggs 15 100. I
Cheese Native, 15o.
Poultry 13 14c; dressed, 14 16c;
Hay Puget Sound timothy, $12.00;
choice Eastern Washington timotliv.1
Corn Whole, $28.00; cracked, $23;!
feed meal, $23.
Barley Rolled or ground, per ton,"
Flour Patent, per barrel, $3.25; 4
blended straights, $3.00; California, t
$3.25; buckwheat flour, $0.00; era-'
ham, per barrel, $3.00; whole wheat'
flour, $3.00; rye flour, $3.804.O0.
Millstuffs Bran, per ton, $13.00;'
shorts, per ton, $15.00. i
I eed Chopped feed. $19.00 Der ton;
middlings, per ton, $20; oil cake meal,
per ton, $30.00.
Fresh Meats Choice dressed beef
steerg, 78c; cows, 7c; mutton 8c;'
pork, 8c; trimmed, 9c; veal, 81
Hams Laree. 13c: small. IS1:!
breakfast bacon, 12 Kc; dry salt sides, I
Portland Market. '
Wheat W'alla Wralla. 63 54c;
Valley, 53c; Bluestem, 57o per bushel.!
Flour Best grades, $3.00; eraham,'
$2.50; superfine, $2.10 per barrel. s
Oats Choice white, 8536o; choice ;
gray, 84o per bushel. b
Barley Feed barley, $1415.00;f
brewing, $17.00 17.50 per ton. f
Alillstufls Bran, $18 per ton; mid-:
dlings, $19; shorts, $15; chop, $14 per
Hay Timothy, $9 10; clover, $7s
7.60; Oregon wild hay, $6 7 per ton J
.Butter Jbancy creamery, 60 55c;1
seconds, 42)45c; dairy, 3037sc;
Eggs 12 c per dozen. I
Cheese Oregon full cream. 13c; f
Young America, 14c; new cheese 10e
per pound. f
Poultry Chickens, mixed, $4.00(3,
00 per dozen; hens. $6.50: BtirinL-s.
$2.503.50; geese, $6.508.00 forold)
$4. 50 0.50; ducks, $5. 50 6. 00 per,
dozen; turkeys, live, 10llo per
Potatoes 60 60c per sack: sweets.
22je per pound. s
Vegetables Beets, $1; turnips, COc;
per sack; garlic, 7c per pound; cab
bage, lo per pound; parsnips.
onions, $i.502.50; carrots, $1. I
Hops 8 8c per pound 1
Wool Valley, 12 13c per pounJ;S
Eastern Oregon, 10 15c; mohair, 27
8O0 per pound. I
Mutton Gross, best sheep, wethers :
and ewes, 4jc; dressed mutton, 70 f
76c per pound; lambs, 72cper ponnd.f
wogs tiross, choice heavy. 5.00;r
light and feeders, $4.50; dressed, I
$6.006.50 per 100 pounds,
Beef Gross, top steers, $4.004.60;
cows, $3.504.00; dressed beef, 6i
7o per pound.
Veal Large, QKlUc: small, 8(3 I
9o per pound.
Tallow 55Mc; No. 2 and crease.
8K4o per pound.
Ban Francisco Market.
Wool Spring Nevada. 12 15c per
pound; Eastern Oregon, 12 16c; al
ley, 20 22c; Northern, 10 12c.
Hops 1899 crop, ll13o p
Butter Fancy ' creamery 19c; !
, J -
8econds, 17K18c; fancy dairy 1 1
(Si7c; do seconds, 15 1 60 per pound,
Eggs Store, 12c; fancy ranch,
14 Kc $
Millstuffs Middlings, $17.00 (j I
20.00; bran, $12.00 13.00.
Hay Wheat$6.509.50: wheatanJ I
oat $6.009.00; best barley $5.00(1
7.00; alfalfa, $5.006.50 per ton; f
straw, 2540o per bale. I
Potatoes Early Rose, 60 70c; Ore- r
gon Burbanks, 65 95c; river Bur-
banks, 40 70c; Salinas Burbanks,
SOc-gl.lO per sack. I
Citrus Fruit Oranges. Valencia, j
$2. 75 3. 25; Mexican limes, $4.00 &
5.00; California lemons 75c$l-53; f
choice $1.75 2.00 per box.
Tropical Fruits Bananas, $1,503
-60 Per bunch; pineapples, nom-1
inal: Persian dates. fiflfiWo per r