The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933, July 31, 1896, Image 1

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iver Glacier.
' It's a Cold Day When We Get Left. . ; ;v: ! ;:.'::"-r'-'' ,'"--.:::v
i win ieek
From All Parts of the New
World and the Old.
Comprehensive Review of the Import
ant Happenings of the Fast Week
Culled From the Telegraph Columns
It is rumored that the Turkish gov
ernment contemplates an issue of paper
money. ,, .
In Viotor, Colo., fifty pounds of giant
powder exploded, causing $5,000 worth
of damage. . Many people were cut by
glass, but none killed.
In Sedalia, Mo., Mart Crawford, a
section foreman on the Missouri Pa
oiflo,, was hanged by a furious mob for
the attempted rape of a 16-year-old girl.
The Booialist congress, whioh met in
London, proved to be a noisy gather
ing. Scenes of violence were enaoted
and a free fight was narrowly averted.
The coming year it is said wines will
come high, owing to the failure of Cal
ifornia's grape crop. Little wine will
be exported from the golden state this
season. '
A New York dispatoh says Senator
Hill is now in favor of a third tioket.
The information, it is said, comes di
reot from a personal friend of the sen
ator, who is a prominent Democrat.
A stockman named John Lawrence
was found dead upon the range near
Union, Or., with a bullet in his head
and a pistol lying a few feet away, It
is supposed that he committed suioide.
The trial of the South African raid
ers has ended in London, and Dr.
Jameson has been given a sentence of
fifteen months imprisonment without
labor. The others reoeived light sen
tences. - . ;', .
In Quinoy, 111., five fatalities by
drowning or1 otherwise ooourred in
forty-eight hours. James McLean was
killed by an aooidental fall from the
roof of the Rioker National bank; Her
bert Harrison, a school teacher, Fred
erick Gross and Fred Baumgarten, sons
of prominent oitizens, were . drowned
in Bear creek; Qeorge Betero, another
youth, was drowned in a pool south
of the city limits, and his two brothers
were saved only with great diftioulty.
Pennsylvania was visited by a disas
trous hurricane, resulting in loss of life
and property. Steeples were blown
from ohurohes, adjoining buildings
were orushed, houses were unroofed,"
and trees broken ofT or torn up by the
roots. Great havoo was caused by the
heavy rainfall. Two lives were lost,
thirty-six injured, some fatally, and
property damaged to the amount of
$100,000. A boarding-house neartteoil,
Washington county, was washed away
and its oooupants, fifteen coal miner,
were drowned. Seven of the bodies
have been recovered. Eight are still
missing. ' ;
News oomes from the Washington
state Republican headquarters that the
.state convention will probably be held
at Taooma, some time between August
IS and September 15.
Hon. Samuel Layman, a prominent
and well-known Oregonian, died at his
home near Woodburn from the effeots
of injuries whioh he sustained some
weeks ago by falling from a oherry
tree. Mr. Layman was 63 years of age.
A meeting of representatives from
the large foreign banking-houses was
held in New York, to consider plans
for the protection of the treasury gold
reserve. It is understood a plan was
arranged to ease the exohange market
until the crop movement Btarts the
balance in our favor.
A San Franoisoo dispatoh says: Ed
win B. Webster, the young paymaster
who was reoently court-martialed at
Mare Island and found guilty of a
charge of embezzlement, does not in
tend to abide by the judgment of the
oourt. He will appeal to President
Cleveland for clemenoy before the
navy department shall have an oppor
tunity to pass upon the reoently found
Three members of the revolutionary
: committee have just arrived in Athens
from Crete on a speoial mission. In
the course of an interview they made
tne loiiowing statement on an auwiur
ity of their oommittee: "We wish to
say it has been deoided . that we must
hova ornnt.Arl tn Tin thfl ' (tan-ianda Vfl
have sent to the sultan or else we shall
fight. The powers mast either give us
autonomy or see us orushed. Should
our demands be neglected, then within
fifteen days of July 15, the date at
whioh they were made, we shall break
the armistioe. "
Advices from Hong Kong say that
(mnaflal nhinAcA tmnrta vara rnnfintlv
'"'t1 -
sent to Lanobou to suppress the Mo
hammedan rebels, who had risen
against the authorities. The rebels!
. seem to have totally annihilated them,
', although the imperial troops were bet
ter provisioned and equipped. There
were 6,000 troops sent to subdue the
rebels and all are either killed or miss
ing. The rebelB are now mad for
blood, massaoreing all in authority,
killing and pillaging on their triumph
ant march through the country.
Shot as Filibusters by Spaniards in
',; Cuba.
Key West, July 29. Twelve of the
filibusters recently landed in Cuba by
the steamer Three Friends have been
killed by the Spaniards, aooording to
letters reoeived here. They were land
ed near Havana. A small band of in
surgents were in waiting and took the
arms to the mountains. While wait
ing they were discovered by a Spanish
column. The filibusters fled into the
forest and for four days were without
food. On the fifth day, after some had
died of heat and exhaustion, they met
some insurgents who undertook to
"guide them to a plaoe of safety. Soon
after meeting the soouts they ran into
a Spanish column and were forced to
Gabriel Offall and Louis Payroll, of
Key West; James Floyd, of Columbus,
O., and Pearoe Atkins, whose relatives
are a Jacksonville family, are among
the killed. The names of the others
killed have not been heard. The other
members of the expedition reaohed an
insurgent oamp.
Wholesale Violation of the Law In Ban
' Franoisoo City Hall.
San Franoisoo, July 29. Unmistak
able signs of fraud have been discov
ered in the registration at the main
office in the city hall, and it has also
been found that many of the successful
applicants for plaoes on the preoinct
boards resorted to falsehood to make
themselves eligible. . The frauds in
registration were discovered by Regis
trar Hinton's deputies, and the discov
eries concerning the preoinct appointees
was made by men employed by the
Demooratio and Republican committees,
under the supervision of Max Popper
and T. J. L. Smiley. Doubtless much
wrongdoing of the same kind will be
disolosed. The grand jury's attention
was called by the eleotion commission
ers today to fraud already ascertained.
Mr. Smiley said there were perhaps 50
oases of men having registered as resi
dents in preoinots wherein they do not
live, so as to get appointed on registra
tion boards. '
Laid Trap for Passenger' Train, hut
Caught a Freight.
San Francisco, July 28. An attempt
was made to wreck a passenger train
on the Southern Paoifiu, near Niles, to
day, but instead, a looal freight train
was toppled over a fifty-foot embank
ment. The, engineer, fireman and
brakeman were badly but not fatally
hurt. Three cars went over with the
engine. A rail had been plaoed so that
when the engine struck it it would be
lifted off the track and sent down a
steep embankment. I? is thought the
intention was to wreck the passenger
train due two hours later. - The injured
are John Edwards, engineer; Fireman
Hurd, Brakeman Wright. The rail
road oompany immediately sent a
wrecking train to the scene and a force
of deteotives is investigating ' the
wreok and scouring the oountry to cap
ture the misoreants. Had the passen
ger train gone over, the loss of life
would have been large, as the spot is
a dangerous one.
Brnsh With Matabeles in the Mutoppo
London, July 28. The following
Buluwayo dispatoh has been reoeived
by the Ghroniole:
Nicholson's patrol, 300 strong, was
yesterday oheoked in a narrow gorge at
the north of the Matoppo hills, leading
to Laugus' stronghold. The enemy
in great strength oooupied an impreg
nable position, and they were fully
equipped with rifles and ammunition.
The straightness of their shooting was
The Cape "boys" (with Nioholson's
patrol) cleared the neighboring heights
of the enemy, killing twenty of the
rebels, but a gallant attempt to force a
passage was oheoked by a heavy fire
from the caves studding the mountains,
delivered at olose range.
Nicholson lost but five troopers and
two Cape "boys" in a few minutes
He therefore withdrew his forces, and
returned to the camp.
Drowned Her Two Children and Tried
to Follow Them.
Camden, N. J., July 29. Mrs. Mary
Hermann, 80 years old,' of 931 South
Fourth street, drowned her two infant
ohildren and tried to drown herself to
night in the Delaware river. She tied
the hands of one child and the feet of
the other and took a large dose of car
bolic aoid.. Then, holding a child in
eaoh arm, Bhe leaped overboard. Two
boatmen saw her jump, and dragged
her out of the water as she was going
down tor the third time. She cannot
live. Domestio troubles caused her
wish to die. When Mrs. Hermann's
husband heard of her orime, he at
tempted to commit suicide by cutting
his throat, but the polioe wrested the
weapon from his hands before he in
jured himself. He was looked up. '
The oldest national flag in the world
is the that of Denmark, whioh has
been In use sinoe the year 1219.
Bryan Nominated - for President and
Bewail or Vice-President.
St Louis, Ma At the first day's
session of the silver convention not
muoh headway was made. The pro
gramme of the conference was all ar
ranged in advanoe. . It included simply
the adoption of a 16-to-l platform and
the nomination of Bryan and Sewall,
but those in charge of it deemed it
good policy to go slow in the belief that
they might, by remaining in sesson, be
able to exeroise an influence in shaping
things in the Populist convention. To
this end, they appointed a oommittee of
seven, headed by Judge Scott, of Cali
fornia, to meet a similar oommittee of
the Populists for the purpose of reach
ing a common plan of action. The
convention was called to order by Na
tional Chairman Mott, who introduced
Francis B. Newlands, of Nevada, as
temporary ohairman. Mr. Newlands
addressed the convention - at some
length, and was followed by other
speakers setting forth the claims of the
silverites. .
The Second Day.
The second day's session of the silver
convention was given over to speeches
and songs. No business of any im
portance was - transacted. The ladies
were in evidenoe, and the assembly
was addressed by Mrs. Helen Conger,
of Indiana, who denounced the gold
bug monopolists as "Wall street plu
toorats" and "English bond sharks"
and said the only salvation of the peo
ple from serfdom was to deolare for the
free coinage of silver.
The Third Day.
It was ten minutes to 11 o'clock
when Chairman St. John oalled the
silver convention to order. G. W.
Baker, of . California, said that the
People's Party convention had appoint
a conference oommittee and moved
that the convention defer action
on the platform and postpone the nom
ination until 8:30 P.M. The motion
.No business was transacted during
the day, the time being taken up in
the rendering of . silver speeches,
poems and songs.
. Friday night, after the oommittee of
seven appointed to confer with the
Populists, had reported that no agree
ment could be reaohed, the convention
proceeded to olose its business. The
platform was read and adopted with
out ohange. A motion was then made
to nominate Bryan and Sewall by ac
clamation. Amid much excitement
the motion carried. The convention
then adjourned sine die. -
. The Platform.
The demonetization of silver in 1873
enormously increased the demand for
gold, enhanoing the purchasing power
and lowering all prices measured by
that standard, and sinoe that unjust
and indispensable act, the prioes of
American produots have fallen upon an
average, nearly 50 per cent, carrying
down with them proportionately the
money value of all other forms of prop
erty. Such fall of prioes has destroyed
the profits of legitimate industry, in
juring the producer for the benefit of
the non-producer, increasing the bur
den of the debtor, Swelling the gains of
the creditor, paralyzing the productive
energies of the Amerioan people, rele
gating to idleness vast' numbers of
willing workers, sending the shadows
of despair into the home of the honest
toiler, filling the land with tramps and
paupers, and building up colossal for
tunes at the money centers.
In the effort to maintain the gold
standard, the oountry has,, 'Within the
last four' years, in a time of profound
peace and plenty, been loaded down
with a $262,000,000 of additional interest-bearing
debt, -under suoh cir
cumtsances as to allow a syndicate of
native and foreign bankers to realize a
net profit of millions on a single deal.'
It stands confessed that the gold
standard can only be. upheld by so de
pleting our paper currency as to foroe
the prioes of our produots below the
European and below the Asiatic level,
and enable us to sell in foreign mar
kets, thus aggravating the very misery
of whioh our people so bitterly com
plain, degrading American labor and
striking at the foundations of. our civ
ilization itself.
The advocates of the gold standard
persistently olaim that the cause of our
distress is overproduction; that we
have produoed so mnoh that it has
made us poor; which implies that the
true' remedy is . to close the factory,
abandon the farm and throw a multi
tude of people out of employment, a
dootrine that leaves us disheartened
and without hope for the future.
We affirm it to be unqestionable that
there oan be no suoh economio paradox
as overproduction and at the same time
tens of thousands of our fellow-citizens
remain half-olothed and half fed, and
who are piteously clamoring for the
common necessities of life.
Inasmuoh as the patriotic majority
of the Chioago convention embodied in
the financial plank of its platform the
principles enunoiated by the American
bimetallio party, promulgated at Wash
ington, D. C, January 22, 1896, and
herein reiterated, which is not only
paramount, but the only real issue in
the pending campaign; therefore, reo
ognizing that their nominees embody
these patriotio principles, we reoom
mend that this convention nominate
W. J. Bryan, of Nebraska, for presi-
jdeg. and Arthur Sewall, of Maine,
( forvToe-president.
The "Boy Orator of the Platte"
Is Thrice Chosen
Bewail, However, Was Mot Acceptable,
and Thomas F. Watson, of Georgia,
Is Given Second Plaoe on the Ticket.
William Jennings Bryan, of Ne
braska, who was nominated by the
Demooratio national convention at Chi
oago, a fortnight ago, was, Saturday,
at St. Louis, made the standard-bearer
of the People's party by a vote of 1,042
to 821.
The Demooratio candidate was nomi
nated in the face of his own protest, in
the shape of a telegram, directing the
withdrawal of his name, sent to Sena
tor Jones, after Sewall,' bis running
mate, had been ditohed for the vice
presidential nomination Friday night,
and Thomas F. Watson, of Georgia,
had been named for the seoond plaoe
on the ticket. It was also made in the
face of an opposition so bitter that,
after the convention adjourned, some
of the radicals held a "rump" conven
tion. "' '
The last session of the convention,
which lasted from 9:30 o'olock in the
morning until 6 o'olock in the evening,
was marked by soenes of turbulence
and noisy excitement, which several
times bordered on aotual riot, and
whioh almost precipitated personal col
lisions. The Texas delegates headed
the opposition and olung to the middle
of the road to the last.
The Populist Bryan managers deoid
ed , early Saturday to disregard Mr.
Bryan's telegram of Friday and to
nominate him and straighten out the
tangle afterwards. They started out
to rush his nomination through before
any other candidate could be put in
the field. -.
General Weaver, of Iowa, the Popu
list oandidate in 1892, in a masterly
address, plaoed Bryan in nomination,
and General Field, of Virginia, who
was formerly Weaver's running mate,
after a brief speeoh, moved to make
the nomination unanimous.
About fifty seconding speeches were
then made, and some of them were
both eloquent and brilliant. .
The middle-of-the-road, contingent
insisted upon knowing at every oppor
tunity whether, in view of his tele
gram, Bryan wou'd stand on the plat
form and acoept the nomination. But
all these pointed questions were neatly
parried. Judge Green, of Nebraska,
and others, vouched for Bryan's sym
pathy with Populistio . principles, but
that was all the satisfaction the radi
cals could get.
A roll-call by states was taken, ani
when it was oompleted, it was found
that Bryan had 1,042 out of the 1,347
votes in the convention, Frank S.
Norton, of Chicago, was the only otbei
oandidate. Ignatius Donnelly, of Min
nesota, and General Coxey, of Ohio,
were nominated, but their, names were
withdrawn. Norton reoeived 821 votes,
Debs 10, and Donnelly 1. Norton got
the majority of the solid, vote of Texas,
Michigan, Missouri, Rhode Island and
Wisconsin, and a respeotable portion
of the votes of Alabama, California,
Kentucky, Illinois and Ohio.
The demonstration when Bryan wai
declared to be the choice of the conven
tion lasted fifteen minutes, and was
fully as enthusiastic as that tendered
the Nebraska man at the Chicago con
vention. Saturday morning a motion was in
troduced and carried that the national
oommittee be given plenary power is
all things oonnnected with the party.
The Vice-Presidential Nominee.
Thomas F. Watson, of Georgia, who
was a member of the Fifty-first oon
gress, and who, in the Fifty-seoond
and Fifty-third congresses, unsuccess
fully contested Colonel Black's seat,
was nominated for vice-president bj
the convention on the first ballot, short
ly after midnight Friday night. The
nomination was made unanimous be
fore the result of the roll-call was an
nounced. , ' .
The nominating speeches occupied
exactly six hours. - ' ,
The convention adjourned after
Bryan had been declared the nominee.
WJBrya '
Adopted by the National Convention
Held at St. Louis.
Following is the Populist platform,
as agreed upon by the oommittee on
resolutions and adopted by the St. Louis
convention: . ' - j . -.
The People's Party, assembled in na
tional convention, reaffirms its allegi
anoe to the principles deolared -. by the
founders of the repnblio, and also to
the fundamental principles of just gov
eminent as enunoiated in the platform
oi tne party in icsuz. we recognize
that, through the connivance of the
present and preceding administrations,
the country has reached a crisis in its
national life, as predioted in our dec-
laration four years ago, and that
prompt and patriotio aotion is the su
preme duty of the hour. We realize
that, while we have political independ
enoe, our financial and industrial in
dependence is yet to be obtained by re
storing to our oountry the constitution'
al control and exercise of the funotions
necessary to a people's government,
whioh funotions have been basely sur
rendered by our publio servants to cor
porate monopolies. ; The influenoe of
European money ohangers has been
more potent in shaping legislation than
the voioe of the Amerioan people
Exeoutive power and patronage have
been used to corrupt our legislatures
and defeat the will of the people, and
plutooraoy has thereby been . enthroned
upon the ruins of demooraoy. To re
store the government intended by the
fathers of the oountry, for the welfare
and prosperity of this and future gen
erations, we demand the establishment
of an eoonomio and financial system
whioh shall make us masters of our
own affairs and independent of Eu
ropean oontrol by the adoption of the
following declaration of principles:
Finance. :'
First -We demand a national money,
safe and sound, issued by the general
government only, without the interven
tion of banks of issue, to be a full legal
tender for all debts, publio and private;
a just, equitable and efficient meanB of
distribution direot to the people and
through the lawful disbursements of
the government.
, Seoond We demand the free -and
unrestricted coinage of silver and gold
at the present legal ratio of 16 to 1,
and without waiting for the consent of
foreign nations.
Third We demand that the vol
ume of circulating medium be speedily
inoreased to an amount sufficient to
meet the demands of the business and
the population of this oountry, and to
restore the just level of prices and la
bor production. .
Fourth We denounoe the sale of
bonds and the increase of the publio
interest-bearing debt, made by the
present administration, as unnecessary
and without authority of law, and we
demand that no more bonds be issued
exoept by specifio aotion of congress. -
Fifth We demand suoh legislation
as will prevent the demonetizing of the
lawful money of the United States by
private contract v
Sixth We demand that the govern
ment, in payment of its obligations,
shall use its option as to the kind of
lawful money in whioh they are to be
paid, and we denounce the present and
proceeding administrations for surren
dering ' this option to the holders of
government obligation securities. ,
Seventh We demand a graduated
inoome tax, to the end that aggregate
wealth shall bear its just proportion of
taxation, and we regard the recent de
cision of the supreme court, relative to
the income-tax law, as a misinterpreta
tion of the constitution, an invasion of
the rightful powers of oongress on the
subject of taxation. ' ' ' ,
- Eighth We demand that postal sav
ings banks be established by the gov
ernment for the safe deposit of the sav
ings of the people and to facilitate ex
ohange. Transportation.
FirstTransportation being a means
of exohange and a publio neoessity, ,the
government should own and operate' the
railroads In the interest of the people
on a nonpartisan basis, to the end that
all may be aooorded the same treatment
In transportation, and that the tyranny
of political power, now exeroised by
the great railroad corporations, whioh
result in the impairment, if not the
destruction of the political rights and
personal liberty of the citizen may be
destroyed. Suoh ownership is to be
accomplished gradually in a manner
consistent with sound publio polioy.
Seoond The interest of the United
States in the publio highways built
with publio moneys and the . proceeds
of extensive grants of land to the Pa
oifio railroads should never have been
alienated, 1 mortgaged .or sold, but
guarded and protected for the general
welfare as provided by the laws organ
izing such railroads. The foreclosure
of existing liens of the United States
on these . roads should at once follow
default in the payment thereof by the
debtor companies, and at the fore
closure sales of said roads the govern
ment should purchase the same, if it
becomes neoessry, to protect its inter
ests, or if they can be purchased at a
reasonable ; price, and the government
shall operate said railroads as publio
highways for the benefit of the whole
people, and not in the interest of the
few, under suitable provisions for pro
tection of life and property, giving to
all the transportation interests equal
privileges and equal rates for fares and
freights. ,
Third We denounoe the present in
famous sohemes for refunding the said
debts, and demand that the laws now
applicable thereto be executed and ad
ministered aooording to their true in
tent and spirit.
Fourth The telegraph, like the post
office system, being a neoessity for the
transaction of news, should be owned
and operated by the government in the
interest of the people.
' . Land. .
. First The true polioy demands that
the national and state legislation shall
be suoh as will ultimately .enable
every prudent and industrious citizen
to seoure a home, and therefore the
land should not be monopolized for
speculative purposes. All lands now
held by railways and other corporations
in excess of their aotual needs should,
by lawful means, be reclaimed by the
government and held for aotual settlers
only, and private land monopoly, as
well as alien ownership, should be pro
hibited. Seoond We condemn the frauds by
whioh the land grants to Paoifio rail
road oompanies have, through the oon
nivanoe of the interior department,
robbed multitudes of bona-fide settlers
of their homes and miners of their
olaims, and we demand legislation by
congress which will enforoe the exemp
tion of mineral land from suoh grants
after, as well as before, patenting. ,
. Third We demand that bona fide
settlers on all publio lands be granted .
free homes, as provided in the national
homestead law, and that no -exception
be made in the oase of Indian reserva
tions when opened for settlement, and
that all lands not now patented come
under this demand.
Direct Legislation.
We favor a system of direct legisla
tion through the initiative and referen
dum, under proper constitutional safe
guards. -- --' - . : -
General Propositions.
First We demand 'the eleotion of
president, vice-president and United
States senators by direot vote of the
Seoond We tender to the patriotio 1
people of Cuba our deepest sympathy
in their -struggle for political freedom
and independence, and we believe the .
time has oome when the United States,
the great republio of the world, should
recognize that Cuba is, and of right
ought to be, a free and independent
state. . ; .
Third We favor home rule in the
territories and the Distriot of Colum
bia, and the early admission of the ter
ritories as states.
Fourth All publio salaries should
be made to correspond to the price of
labor and its produots.
Fifth In times of great industrial
depression, idle labor .should be em
ployed on publio works as far as prac
ticable. .
Sixth The arbitrary course of the
court in assuming to imprison oitizens
for indirect contempt and ruling them .
by injunction . should be prevented by
proper legislation. v ; - ; . -
Seventh We favor just pensions for .
every disabled Union soldier.
Eighth Believing that the eleotion
franchise and untrammeied ballot are
essential to a government of, for and
by the people, the People's party con
demns the wholesale system of disfran
chisement adopted in some of the states
as unrepublioan and undemocratic, and
we deolare it to be the duty of the sev
eral state legislatures to take suoh ao
tion as will seoure a full and free and
fair ballot and an honest count. '
Ninth While the foregoing proposi
tions constitute the platform whioh our
party stands upon and for the vindica
tion of its organization will be main
tained, we recognize that the great and
pressing issue of the pending campaign
upon whioh the presidential eleotion
will turn, is the finanoial question,
and upon this great and specifio issue
between the parties we oordially Invite
the aid and co-operation of all organi
zations and oitizens agreeing with us
upon this vital question. ' "
, : Fired on an American Ship.
The sohooner Governor J. Y. Smith,
Captain Patriok, from Gibrara, Cuba,
to Wilmington, N. C, has arrived at
quarantine, at Southport N. C. The
sohooner left Gibrara July 14. Two
days later, while off ! the Cuban ooast
in the neighborhood of Neuvitas har
bor, she . passed a Spanish gunboat
about a mile and a half away. The
gunboat opened fire on the sohooner,
sending a solid shot - over her deok.
The shell fell in the sea a quarter of a
mile to starboard, doing no damage.
Captain, Patriok ; immediately ran up
the Amerioan ensign . and left the
neighborhood - as quickly as possible.
He was not able to learn the name of
the gunboat, which remained station
ary, firing no more shots. It is ex
pected that Captain Patriok will make .
an official report, as the sohooner is
entered at the custom-house.
According to recent experiments by
Weber the normal temperature of : the
incandescent eleotrio lamp is between
1,665 degrees and 1,585 degrees.
- In India there is a speoies of butter
fly in which the male has the left wing
yellow and the right wing red. .The
oolors on the female are vice versa. :
. The first modern bridge of which his
tory makes mention was tha famous
Sublioian bridge of Rome. : It was
ereoted in the seventh oentury.