The Hood River glacier. (Hood River, Or.) 1889-1933, May 21, 1892, Image 2

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cod Iviver Slacier.
HOOD MVEK, UK., MAY, ?1, 1892.
In California the necessity of keeping
Hie judiciary as much as possible out of
fie range of politics is recognized in the
new constitution of that state, which
provides for the election ot its judges
H'parate and apart from the general
flection, so that, as far as possible, po
litical prejudice and the urgings of par
tisan strife muy not influence the cit
izens in seleetiug their judicial officers.
It is a wise provision and one that
uhould be copied in every state. Pol
itics should not enter into the selection
.f a judicial ollicer, 'and especially is
1 his true of the supreme liourt. Judge
Olmstead, at the republican state cou-
ention, spoke slightingly of the Ore
gon supreme court, saying that its
i.Xluions were not in esteem in other
t tiites. This . may or may not be true,
but it is th evident duty of every good
citizen to lay' political prejudices aside
1 in selecting' a iriau for this high posi
' The GIjACIKB has studiously
(.voided the discussion of political ques
i ons, and only mentions this because
u considers it entirely nou-politicai.
Oi'ave charges have been made aguinst
ai republican candidate, in effect that
ha had been guilty of conduct that
luould disbar him from practice. We
i.uuw nothing'of the matter, only that Moore, the candidate, has not de
i.ied the charge. Be that as it may, in
iv democratic candidate, the Hon.
6. Bennett of The Dalles, the people
iiuve one of the leading lawyers of the
suite, a miti of marked ability, of sterl
ing integrity, and one who would be
uii ornament to the bench andan honor
to the state. Judge Bennett is a self-
made man, working on a farm in the,
i uuimer to acquire the means to e
ciitd iiimself during the whiter mouh8
i.ud by indefatigable industrjyfte has
pushed himself to the fiJnt rank
i.mi stands the peer of any lawyer in
too slate. The deiuoera made a wise
tbeieelion and the people will do their
wuiy and their wjyfle duty as good cit
izens by placingudge Bennett on the
hupreme uenci
A ustbjtlian ballot la w.
iDjrfollowing shows the operation6f
thor Austral Ian i :llot. avHtem. sectnti
containing the instructions l the
voter as to the manner of prepafing his
ticket and casting his ballot
"section ty. uu receipt jet bis white
lmllot, as aforesaid, theX elector shall
forthwith, and withouteaviiig the en
closed space, retire idTne to one of the
compartments or unlaces provided, and
bhali there preu-e, his: ' ballot by
cancelling, crossing or marking out the
names of thjf candidates he does not
wish to votfc for. which shall be done
iyLh aniifidelible 'copying' pencil, to be for the Dunxise. or bv scratch-
ing -P1 lli PJ" anf forea('h office to
wu jrei ior'"Vhich he is quaiiiied to
oie, and if necessary lie may write
into the blank space provided therefor
the name of the person of his choice for
each of any such otlice; and in case of a
question submitted to the vote of the
people, by ' cancelling, crossing or
(scratching out the answer he does not
wish to make or give. Before leaving
the compartment or place provided,
the elector shall fold his ballot so that
the face thereof will be concealed; with
out displaying the ballot or Informing
any person how lie prepared itj aiid he
Khali fold the ballot no that the initials
of the first clerk may be seen on the
bac.k of the ballot, and so that the re
maining stub maybe readily torn off,
without exposing the contents of the
ballot or the marks or crosses thereon.
He shall (hen deliver the ballot to the
chairjmaii and state his name and resi
dence." The delegates to the Presbyterian
General Assembly in Portland passed
down on three special trains Wednes
day. The first passed here about 10:30
and stopped for u quarter of an hour
for the purpose of allowing the visitors
to take a glimpse at our beautiful sur
roundings, but the other sections pulled
by without stopping, much to the
chagrin of those vbe were on hand to
welcome them.
' Farming' in Japan.
Tokio Letter in the New York Times:
. Tl.e land under cultivation in Japan
is about 18,000,000 acres, upon the pro
duct of which 41,000,000 must be fed.
it is unnecessary to add that the farms
are small. The average farm is but one
to three acres, and a ten-acre plot ia con
sidered a large farm. Bo many things
are done on the diminutive scale In
.iapan. Space utilizing and territory
waving have been reduced to a fine art.
After surveying the Japanese fields
ami gardens it la easy to understand
how dwarfing horticulture originated
ages ago in tiiis. country. "
The method, so long regarded by
other nations as a secret, was resorted to
j's a matter of expedience, if not of nec
essity. ' For the limited space would
not otherwise have permitted a variety
of growths. If the physical aspect of
u country affects the intellectual life of
the people, then the nearness of view of
everything in Japan may be one" influ
encing element tliat tends- to eradicate
lac range of perspective in the mental
vision. At any rate we find in Japan a
people who particularize rather than,
generalize, and who dwell with infinite
nicety upon the details and minutiae of
everything they contemplate or under
take, from the writing ot a poem to the
planting of a field. That extreme clev
erness and manual skill are the express-
j0n of certain intellectual traits that fall
in the same category and help to prove
tlie theory, y . '
Farming is not regarded by the Jap
anese in the light of science, subject to
fluctuating modifications of new im
provements, but as an art whose scope,
was measured and whose limitations
were conceded long ago. The methods
of cultivation, the succession of crops,
and even the kind of machinery used,
are the same as they were nearly 2,000
years ago. In spite of the agricultural
limitations, no country in the world
produces so much per acre as Japan.
The limit of cultivation was reached
long ago, but by a judicious use of fer
tilizers, and a skill in farming that
amounts almost to a genius, the same
average yield is obtainable year after
L The land is well suited to irrigation,
and the water, which is regarded as im
pure by fastidious Europeans, is abun
dant. Most of the land is made up of
plains, whose surface is well drained,
being washed by the water falling upon
the hills and ranges from the back.
The numerous rivers and water-courses
which cross the plains on their way to
the sea are utilized for purposes of irri
gation. The water is drawn to high
elevations, from which it overflows the
land in channels.
In April the crops are in a flourishing
condition, and wheat, barley, rape, ana
corn form the principal part. All the
fields are planted with mathematical
precision, for the elements of accuracy
enters into the art of the farmer, and
the fields must be pleasing In appear
ance. The cereals are astomsmnsiv
regular in position and growth. Jfhd
even the ears of corn appear in Ujie as
they come out. The cereals, "Jjvhether
planted in single or double rafrSi grow
in clusters of several stemtyfjach cluster
being exactly in line, srthat the eye
detects no irrcgulaurtiea whatever.
Seed is too valuable t6 waste, and onlv
rice is scattered broadcast. Four or
live grains ot copfi are planted togeth
upon ridges eaHal distances apart, tyhd
generally inVows. The, intervening
space is lufihzed lor growing Joeans.
which yfi so planted that they Can get
space irnd light without injmyy, to the
crops, .
.ana is so valuable tnctiio space is
iowed for grass-plots, mm it is a cu-
ious thing that no weeJis are to be seen
in any of the cultivate1 plots in Japan,
livery inch or" grouynd must be p. t to
the most profitableiso, and a seed borne
by the current cyr dropped by a bird
stands little shov of growing to matur
ity. ' o thoroughly have the Japanese
got the maatrv of these pests that the
soil is entiutly free from every trace of
The cJumate and the warm, humid
atmosphere are particularly favorable
to tbe growth of rusts and other parasi
ticTorms, but they have also entirely
disappeared trom the neias oi Japar,
A few narrow paths are made in the
fields where absolutely necessary, but
there are no roads, and consequently lid
room for wheeled vehicles or machines.
Almost all the work of cultivation is
done by hand, and the tools ure models
of simplicity. : The tool used for cut
ting barley or wheat consists of a sharp
blade placed at right angles to the shaft,
which is about two ice't long. The
corn is cut Very carefully, so that the
adjoining plants are not injured. .
Threshing, too, is a tedious process.
There is no room in the fields for dry
ing sheaves, for the ground must be
used immediately, alter harvest for
other crops. The corn sheaves are tied
up in bunches and securely fastened to
houses, fences, and trees. The ears are
always placed downward so that the
rain may run off. lJuring the harvest
season the eaves and vojyixlas of ei'cry ,
vlllageTiousc are" stacked about with
neat bundles of grain that will be beat
en out as soon as dry. The ears are
knocked against a pole placed a few
feet above the ground, and the grain
falls upon the mats placed below to re
ceive it. .The cereals are put through a
sort of primitive winnower or thrown
up for the wind to carry away the
husks. Bunches of corn or rice straw '
are drawn through hackles and gather
ed upon mats. The rice straw is used
in the manufacture of tough paper that
has a great sale in Japan.
In o uly the fields are made ready for
the rice, after being properly banked
up and irrigated. . Kiee is a staple, but
is regarded as a luxury among the far
mers, being used only on holidays or in
case of illness. If a patient is in a criti
cal condition he is permitted to have
rice. "What, so ill that he must have
rice?" is asked in sympathy, and the
patient's case is indeed alarming when
this grain is resorted to as a diet.
Betbre the fields are hoed the surface
.i covered w ith vegetables or straw,
such as bean, haulm or bamboo grusa,
which decay in time and make excel
lent fertilizers. This coating is turned
under the mud by means of hoes a little
larger than ordinary spades. Some
times a subsoil plow is used to accom
plish the same result. The coating of
vegetation keeps the muddy earth open
and in a porous condition the first sea
son and turnishes fertilization for the
second season.
After the surface is carefully smoothed
it is covered for a depth of six inches
with water. This process of irrigation
is very particular, although simple
enough. Water is conducted into the
field of the highest elevation in the
neighborhood, which it overflows, and
then is carried to the next field, a few
inches lower, and on through the whole
series of fields to the lowest. Water at
the uniform depth of six inches is allow
ed to stand in each. If by chance any
of the fields cannot be watered in this
way, another method is used. Water
is thrown up to the required level by
means of treadwheels, placed in the
channels built for the purpose. T he
weight of the men who tread the
wheels is sufficient to throw the water
up to a considerable 'height.
An Explanation.
' At the time of first arranging for the
meetings 'In Hood River I had over
looked the fact that this would inter
fere with my presence at the Farmers'
Institute at Wasco. Being unable to
find either Mr. Wells or Mr. Rigby, I
wrote to Mr. Rigby at Hood River the
circumstance, asking him to change
the appointments to Monday and Tues
day, May 16th and 17th, and felt as
sured that everything would be all
right. ' I was very sorry when I found
Upon my arrival yesterday, IGth Inst.,
that my letter fiad not been received
and that I had (ailed to come as adver
tised. This will, I think, set matters
right. Very respectfully,
C. J. Bright.
" For Supremo Judge,
. F. A. MOORE. .
For Attorney General,
,. For member of Congress, Second District,
. W. R. ELLIS, ,
For Circuit Judge, Seventh District, .
For Prosecuting Attorney, Seventh District,
For Member State Board Equalization, Sev-
enth District,
rorjojni oeiiiuor, neveiuecnm uisirici, Qbn-
sisting of Sherman and Wasco counU3f
For joint senator, Eighteenth District, con
sisting or uuilam, Bhermfin and
Wasco counti;
, w. w. steijku.
ror jojnt lujprescmauvgg, EightoenthKepre-
. scntative DistrlcVconsi8ting ofSher-
, man andyWasco counti
Tll. COON.
For County Jutge,
For County Clerk,
For Cowity Sheriff, V
For County Commissioner,
For County Treasurer,
For County Assessor,
For County School Superintendent,
For County Surveyor,
, E. F. SHARP,
For County Coroner,
Beatty's Organs
Are the
Write for catuiogue. Addics Daniel F. Beatty,
Washington,. New Jersey ;,
Does S. B. get there ? , Well I should
smile. S. B.
Papering neatly done. 25ets per roll
and upwards. Kenna& Emniersou.
Land Office at Vancouverjwasn. May 10, 1892.
To William Gilbreath Peter Tirum and all
whom it may concern.
Notice is hereby given that the' following
named settlers have illeu notice of their Inten
tion to make llnal proof in support of their
claims, and that said proof will be made before
W. H. Dunbar, Commissioner United (Stales
Circuit Court for District ot Washington at
Goldendale wash, on Wednesday July 20th
lSta, viz:
Williams Fraslcr. .' "
Homestead Entry No 5881 for the n of s w
34 section M Tp B n r 12 e w m. .
lie names the following witnesses to prove
his continuous residence upon and cultiva
tion of, said laud, viz: William wright, Henry
II: Havens, Herbert Hawett, Robert Barker,
all ol Gilmer Washington. -
Nancy A. Wilson, j
Widow of wllliam 8. wilson deceased.
Homestead Entry No. 7824 for the n ofn
w J4 and alt of n e sec 21 Tp 0 n r 12 e w m,
She names the following witnesses to prove
her continuous residence upoa and cultiva
tion of, said land viz; Henry M. Tronner,,
Chester w. Bell, John 1$., Cochran of Glen
wood P. O. Washington. William Frasier of
KuldaP.O. wash.'
' ' Knut S. Knutson. 1 ' ' 1
Pre-emption D. S. No. 2113 for the e of s
w sec 12 Tp 8 n r 10 e w in
He names tlie following wltnossses to prove
his continuous rcsidedce up n and cultiva
tion of said land viz: James H. Butler, Jacob
E. Jacobson, Christian E. ' Larson, SainueJ
walton all of white Salmon P. O. Washington.
luyMjultl John D. Gkohkan. Register.
Notice is hereby given that the undersigned !
has been duly appointed by the county court
ff the State of Oregon for Wasco County, in '
probate, administrator of the estate of Esther j
lluckus deceased. All persons having claims
against said estate are hereby required to
present them to me, with proper vouchers at
my residence near Hood River, Wasco I
County Oregon, within six months from the
dale of this notice. KhudHowk,
Administrator of the estate of Esther
Backus, deceased. '
Dated this 21st day of May 1892.
Has been thoroughly
renovated, and a large
ell added doubling its
Everything- will be found neat and clean
Tables will be supplied with the best the
And artists in graining, staining,
varnishing and polishing of all interior
woods where the development of the
grain of the natural wood is desired.
Optical Goods.
Fine Watch Repairing a Speci
alty. , , ; .-' ' .
Second St. The Dalles. Or.
I All K OEM 01,
Successors to A Bettlngen
Hardware, Tin-ware,. WooDEnwARE,
A complete line of Heating and Cook Stoves,
Pumps, Pipe Plumbers and Steam Fitter's
Siippllesalso..a complete stock of
Carpenter's, Blacksmiths' and
Farmer's Tools.
i IT
All tinning, Plumbing and pipe work will h
done on short notice. ,
Slats. 11
For Supremo Jurt
For Attorney Jfy-Jml,
For Member of Cyfaty, Second District,'
J AMEH. SLATER. . ;: ; '
For Circffu Juffige, 7th District,
L. Jrf U A DSH A W.
For ProsegutingAttorncy Seventh District,
H. MOORE. ' ,
For .
ember of State Board Equalization,
Seventh District, ' , v '
Jpnnt Senator, 17th District, Shermau
and Wasco Counties,
Joint Senator, 13th District, Gilliam,
. Sherman and Wasco Counties, .
, ; V . ; a. W. UINEIIART.
For Joint Representatives, 18th Representa
tive District, Sherman and Wasco Counties,
For County Judge,
For i ounty Clerk.
For County Sheriff,
For County Treasurer,
For County Assessor,
For County Surveyor,
For School Superintendent,
For County Commissioner,
For County Coroner,
$500,000 rOTui
c lure, catalogue, address Daniel F. Beatty,
Washington, New Jersey.
, Millinery.
The ladies of Hood River and
country about are invited to call and
see my stock. 1 am determined to
please you in quality and
prices. I am here to stay, and respect
fully ask your patronage, if my goods
and prices suit you. :
; Mrs. R. S. IIowells.
'Vill mak e the frr'r.R season of IKS at F. H.
Button's farm at Hood Hiver. ,
Description and Pedigree.
"Midnight" is a coal-black HHpnblctonian, 5
years old; weight 13S0 pounds; sired by Bliaw's
llambletonlan; dnm, a Copper-bottom mare.
"Midnight" Is a irood disoositioned horse, a
toppy driver and quite a trotter lor a horse of
"Midnight's" service fee will be $10 for single
service, due at time of service, or 815 for the
season. Persons breeding by. single service
and mare failing to catch, can breed by the
season by the additional payment of $5. Sea
son to close July 15, 1KP2. -
, F. H, BUTTON, Hood River, Or.
To Victoria E. Johnston, Wllliam R! Ovcr
baugh, William J. Smith and all whom it
may concern. "
Land Office at Vncouver Wash. May 1'1SS2.
Notice Is hereby given that the following
named settler liasflled notice of his Intention
to make final proof In support of his claims,
and tnat said proof will- be made before tlie
Register una Receiver U. S. Land Ollice at
Vancouver wruih. on Jnly 25, 1892, viz:
,, William St. Locke. .
Pre. D. S. 24C5 lor the e ,Ji sec C Tp 8 n r
11 e w m.
He names the following-witnesses to prove
his continuous residence upon and cultivation
of. said land viz: Frank Lane. 1'eler Clro-
sliong, Frank Groshong, Nathan Wood, all of
winie i-saimon, is. nciciuu conniy wasn.
mayll-jnI8 John D. GKooiHEaAii, Register
Land Office at Vancouver,r,wash, May 9 , 1S92.
To Howard C. Cook and John Burnett and
all whom it may concern.
Notice is hereby given that tlie following
named settlers have hied notice of their intent
ion tomakeflnal proof in snpportol'tlieir claims
and that said proof will be made before tlie
Register and Receiver U. 8. land office at Van
couver, wash, on July 7, 1892, viz:
Amos Underwood.
Application No 40 to purchase under sec. S
act Sept. 2S 1S90' for the s nWJi and lots 1
and i sec 23 Tp 3 n r 10 e w m.
He names the following witnesses to prove
his continuous residence upon and cultivation
of, said land, viz: William Drano, and
David K: Ordway, bpth of Chenowith wash,,
Jonas Tanner, of white Salmon, wash,, Joseph
Purser, of Hood river Oregon. .
also . Edward Underwood.
Apoltcation No 41 to purchase under sec. 8
actSept.2J 1890 for the e s o yt , w s e
andse4 n e J sec 15 Tp 3n r 10 e w m.
He names tho following witneses to prove
his continuous residence upon and cultiva
tion of, satd land viz: William Drano, David
K. Ordway, both of Chenowith ah. Jonas
Tanner, of white salmon wash. Joseph Purser,
of Hood river Oregon.
also William Drano.
Application No (15 to purchase under sec. 3
act Sept 29 1890; for the lots 2 3 4 and 5 sec S5 Tp
3 n r 9 e w m. ,
He names the following witnesses to prove
hlscoiitinuous residence upon and cultiva
tion of, said land, viz: Ed warrd Underwood,
Amos Underwood, both of white Salmon,
wash. David K. Ordway, of Chenowith wash.
Joseph Purser, of Hood river Oregon.
myl4Jnl8 Joun D. QEOGiiEGAn, Register.
Timber Land, Act June 3, 1878.
' United States Land Office. -'
Vancouver Wash., March, 7 1802.
' Notice is hereby given that in compliance
with tho provisions of the act of Congress of
Juno 3, 1878, entitled "An act for the sale of
timber lands in the states of California, Ore
gon, Nevada, and Washington Territory,"
Edward G. Jones of White Salmon county of
Klickitat stateof Wash., has this day filed in
this office his sworn statement no. 1725, for tlie
purchase of thee nw and e sw4 of
in township no,o north, range no. 10 cast, and
will offer proof to show t hat the land sought
Is more valuable for its timber or stone than
for agricultural purposes, and to establish ins
claim to said land before the Register and Re
ceiver of this olHco at Vancouver Washington
on Saturday, the 28th day of May, 1892.
He names as witnesses: Ronald D. Cam
eron, James Brown, Jacob Hunsakcr, all ot
white Salmon, wasingtou, and A B. Jones, of
Hood River, Oregon.
Any and all persons claiming adversely the
above described lands are retpiested to filo
their claims in thisotfice ouor before said 28lh
dav of May. 1S92.
mehl9-my2i John D. Geoghegaki, Register.
The undersigned being located near
Hood River, wishes to inform parties
who may be desirous of having sur
veying done, that he is a practical
surveyor of many years experience,
and that work entrusted to him will be
performed with dispatch and rrect
ness. He takes pleasure in referring to
Mr. A. S. Blowers, (who for years was
county commissioner in Minnesota,)
and for whom he did county work as
county surveyor, as to his ability.
Parties writing me at Hood will re
ceive prompt attention. .
- , C. J. Hayes.
Dated Hood River April 6th, 1891. '
New single harness. . Enquire at
Crowe!l'& store
Brackets e n fl
We are prepared to furnish finished cofllns
and caskets at reasonable prices, and on short
est notice. A full stock will be kept constanty
on hand.
Having purchased the business of
furnish the very choicest quality of .
At the Very
I have constantly on hand a fine
SlanncLS, Bacon and ILsurd.;
In fact, everything in my line.
Corner Oak and Fourth Sts.,
17Ibe Dalles:
Have on hand a full supply of Fruit, Shade and Ornamental trees; grap
vines, small fruits, Hoses and Shrubbery.'' ' : ,
. Be sure to get our prices before purchasing elsewhere. .
Remember our trees are grown strictly without irrigation. , . v :
- . ' , W. A. Sung ER J
nJjgniJ -. mLs win ala'ffin mual gaLaay ttJamaaAiag$if tuLmwmmam miJmmmm
, That thirty days if as long as we can credit poodf, and would, respectfully
request our patrons to govern themselves accordingly.
Hood Ltt-t
Prescriptisias and;
Private :' Formula
And a Complete Line of '
Crandail & Burget,
Furniture, Carpets, , Oj
WlinrlnuTlinflAn Vln
W HIuUh Olidiluijj till', g
A Full Line of '
Unfleriaking: Goods.
Mail Orders Promptly Attended to -166
Second St. The? Dalles. Or.
ivory ant.
Oak Strut, near Pest offish
Wo have First-Class Stock and Outfits, Double Buggies, Hack
and Saddle Horses.
. A Fine Four-Horse Coach, suitable for fishing or excursion
parties, carries nine passengers. Parties taken to any accessi
ble point. Keliablfj drivers.
Our Dray delivers bagpage or freight anywhere ut the Valley
Charges Reasonable.
Woifl Tninii
H. C. COE,
PERRY & JONES. I am prepared to
1 ,. ,
Lowest Rates.
stock of
' Hood River, Oregon
ZbT"o.r series,-'
-, -
and, Local Agent.
fcr'!Tf!L.TK"i - r'r
.-v yg jii
& Bone,