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Medford Mail Tribune
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MEDFORD, OREGON, FRIDAY, .TANTJARY 7, IMG
mm i in w . .
KAISER TD PAY
Germany Gives Assurance That Sub
marine Commanders Operating in
Mediterranean Will Not Torpedo
Without Warning Non-Combatant
Vessels Safety for Passengers.
WASHINGTON', Jan. 7. Count
Yon Hemstorff, the German ntnbns
snilor, presented to Secretary Lans
ing today a proposal to pay indem
nity for Americans lost in the Lusi
ttiniH disaster, and thereby conclude
that controversy, and gave assur
ances that any German submarines in
the Mediterranean would not attack
non-combatant shins of nny charac
ter without warning, or destroy them
without opportunity for non-eouibut-niitH
to reach n place of safety.
While offering to pay indemnity in
the Lusilania ciifc, Germany makes
the reservation that it is dono with
out admission of wrongdoing. No
official indication was given as to
the acceptability of tlio proposal, hut
one set of American officials took the
iev that it would end the contro
versy. The assurances regarding
Mibiiinrino warfare in the Mediterran
ean are of broader scope than those
given after Hits Arabic disaster, and
cover the warfare in the North sea.
The latter guaranteed only the safety
of liner. Those for the Mediterran
ean cover all iion-coiiibataut ship.
The following statement was later
issued by Secretary Lansing:
"The German nmbassador today
left at the statu depaitmeul under in
structions from bin government the
follow tug communication :
"U. German submarines in the
Mediterranean had from the begin
ning orders to conduct eruieer wtir
Jaie ngniimt enemy merchant vessels
only in accordance with general prin
ciples of international law and in
particular measures of reprisal, as
applied in tlio war zone around the
llritixh iles, were to bo excluded.
" '2. Gorman submarines are
therefore permitted to destroy enemy
merchant vessel, in' the .Mediterran
ean, i. c. : passenger as well as
freight, ships, as far as thoy do not
try to escapo or offer resistance
only after passengers mid orew hao
been accorded safety.
" ;(. All case of destruction of
encuiv merchant ships in the Mediter
lancau in which German submarines
are concerned aio madu subject of
ottii'inl investigation and submitted to
regular prize court proceeding). In
sular n American interests are con
cerned tlio Gennnn government will
coinniunieuto tlio result to tlio United
States thus also in the 1'ersia case if
the circumstances should call for it.
Will .Mnlto llepui-ntJon
"'I. If commanders of Gorman
submarines should not havo obeyed
the orders given to them, thoy will be
punched; furthermore, the Gorman
government will innko reparation for
damngo caused by death of or injur
ies to American citizens.' "
Mr. Lansing mado no announcement
of the Lusitaniu propo-aW, iaying tlio
subject still was contideutial.
Tlio assurances regarding tlio coin
duct of lubmnrino warfaro in the
Mediterranean conu'v tlio first infor
mation that German submarines were
i ., ,
(Continued on page flvoi
E 10 POSTPONE
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7 The first
Icgi-lutie step in (he administra
tion' plan to postpono placing ugsr
on the i'roo list wu taken today in
the introduction of a joint resolution
b Senator IJrotuitrd, democrat, of
Loiiisiauu, providing for tlio suspou-r-u.ii
of the tariff law provision which
vould Miluiit sugar without duty May
1 The resolution weut to the sen
'! imuuee committee.
MNITYFOR DIMINISHING ON THESSALONI Kl
RUSSIAN DRIVE PASSENGERS B
EASTERN FRONT SAFELY LANDED
Austrians Driven From Czartoryok
and Advance Will Threaten Kovcl
Teutons Still Threaten Saloniki,
But Fall to Move Turks Prepare
to Regain Territory.
LONDON, Jan. 7. According to
official ndvices from Vienna, tlio
fighting on the eastern front lu;a do
creased in violence, the Itussinns hav
ing censed to attack with vigor be
tween the 1'ripct and the Dess.irubian
The only gain officially announc
ed for the Kussinns yesterday was at
Czarlorysk, the scene of many san
guinary struggles, where it is aid
the Austrians woto driven fiom the
Any advanco in this region will
threaten Kovcl, ono of the strongest
Austro-Gcnnan positions. I: is be
lieved that even though no further
gain should be made, ltussia's forces
have attained u position which will
givo tlio nation a degrco of power in
Balkan affairs it lias not b.id sinco
its armies were driven back from tlio
Tlio Teutonic allies still threaten
to expel the French and IJrilUh from
their Macedonian positions, but no
forward move has been detected thus
far in that direction. Strong Turk
isli forces are said to be concentrat
ing on tlio Thracian frontier of
Greece, and it is suggested tint the
Turks inuy attempt to inuko good
some of thu territorial Iossot thoy
suffered during tlio lhilkuu wjrs.
The British public is still concern
ed chiefly with tlio domestic, crisis.
Notwithstanding the heavy mnjority
of the compulsion bill on first reading
in the house of commons, tlio press is
speculating on tho possibility of n
break-up of tho political truce with
a general election as tho final chap
ter of tlio controversy.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. Secretary
Daniels' recent icfiiMiI to permit Rear
Admiral Knight or Hear Admiral
Kisko to spoak in Chicago on the
navy program, wns mado tho basis
today of a request by Heproscntntivo
lirittou, republican, of Illinois, before
tho house naval committee, that no
tion bo taken to prevent an attempt
on the part of tho secretary to inuzzlo
naval officers appearing before the
committee, or to assign officors to
distant posts beyond the practical
reach of tho committee.
Democratic members challenged tho
basis for tho intimation and Mr. Urit
ton replied tlint Admiral Fiskc hud
been granted thirty day.' leavo on
condition that ho would not talk or
write on pi cpa redness.
V.U PASO, Tex., Jan. 7. General
Nafarctto at Tumpieo reported to the
military commander at Juurcz today
that ho had captured and was hold
ing tho Villa gonoral, Carrorn Torres.
Itcform regulations posted in Jua
rez today instituted a segregated dis
trict, confined saloons to tho sale
'of beor and barred womon from cafes.
General Kasalio Fernandez, form
erly a Villa chieftain, who accepted
amnesty of the do l'aeto Mexican gov
orniueut uud joined force with Gen
erals Trevino mid Ilerrera in the ad
vhiiuo on ChiliuHliuu City lut month,
lias fled with a small foreo to the
mountain of the San Rokiiho di
triet, according to General Ilerrera
today. Carranza sources wore reti
cent u to the cuu-.e of his defection.
Abandoned Vessel Storm-Tossed
Since December 21, When She
Sprang Leak Encountered Ninety
Mile Gale Food Shortage Since
NKW YORK, Jnn 7. The 177 pas
scngors who wore forced to ubandon
the sinking Greek steamship Thcssa
loniki at sea arrived hero today on
tho steamship l'atns of tho same
line ,and gave vivid descriptions of
the hardships suffered during the
timo the Tliessuloniki was battered by
a series of terrific gales.
Christmas day, passengers said, the
supply of meat on the Thessaloniki
was entirely exhausted, only n few
gallons of wntcr were left .'ml the
ship's officers began to portion out
short rations of tho meager supply of
food which remained.
Springs Leak December lit
The Tlicsnloniki first sprung a
leak when sho encountered n hurri
enno which raged for twelve hours on
December 121. Tho boiler nnd engine
rooms were partly flooded and the
steamer scut out calls for assistance.
After thu htirricuiio subsided, how
ever, the Hooded portions of tho ship
were pumped out nnd sho proceeded.
Hough icnB and gales were encoun
tered from December 122 to December
20, when tho Thessaloniki ran into n
nuicty.uiilo hurrieano which lasted
twenty-four hours. Muny of the pas
sengers nnd crew feared tho steamer
was sinking, as fresh leaks opened,
the boiler pud engine rooms and coal
bunkers rapidly filled with water and
the ship was badly tossed about.
S. (). S. Calls Sent Out
Tho Thessuloniki'H pussongors wcro
transferred to tlio 1'ntris with con
siderablo difficulty nnd wcro forced
to leavo nil of their baggago and
personal belongings on tho disabled
Tho eaptniu of the Thessaloniki re
peatedly refused to send out wireless
cnlls for nid at the request of both
crew and passengers,
WASHINGTON, Jnn 7 -Except
for tho general meeting tomorrow,
tho second Pan-American Scientific
congress complotcd its work today.
Only two sections, thoso devoted to
tho study of mining and to public
health, held sessions at which papers
wcro read. Tour others met to dis
cuss general subjects.
After President Wilson's reception
tonight at tho white house tho execu
tive committee will formulate resolu
tions which will bo presented at tho
general meeting tomorrow.
ANAESTHETIC? BAH! MUSIC
Minneapolis Vocalist Spurns Cocaine form, romino nnd snub, other mum-
, . ,, ., i itht'tie approved by neiunoo wom et
and Ether and Goes Under Knife' l(lo J Jho offuoti of m.
While Phonograph Plays "Tchal- " Dr. Udmond Krmia, a prom-
Intent oeHlit of MiniieniHilin, kubmit-
KOWSKys IHU UVeriure.
MINNEAPOLIS. Minn., Jun. 0.
The ether cup, kkopowahue, chloro-
England's Man of Destiny
! . '' t. -rs.
llavlil Lloyd George, who is trjlng
10 IROOPS 10
BE SENT 10 SIOP
YOUNGSTOWN, O, Jan 7, He
causo of fitriko rioting Inst night and
today at the plant of the Youngstown
Sheet and Tube company in Hunt
Youngstown, Sheriff J. C. Umstcad
tolographod to Governor Willis at
Columbus, to inquire whether state
troops wore nvailnlila In raso thoy
wcro needed to presorov order. Tlio
sheriff, however, expressed tho belief
that ho would not need troops to
control tho situation.
Governor Willis replied that ho
had dispatched ilrigadler General
Speaks of Columbus and Lieutenant
Colonel Wnybrccht of Alllanco to
Youngstown and ordered them to
havo as ninny companies as possible
of tho Ohio National Guard ready
for strlko duty.
Tho situation nt tlio plant of tho
Republic Iron and Steel company
whero 2C00 men tiro on strlko and
C000 idlo as a result, remained un
changed today. Last night strik
ers threatened to attack thu offico
buildings but wcro dispersed by tho
CASH PAID ITALY
IIKItLIN, Jan 7, by wlreloss.
"The Neuo Zurlcher Zoltung has re
ceived a roport from rollabio
sources," says tho OvorsonH iNowh
agency, "that the London treaty pro
viding against tho conclusion of a
separate peace signed by Italy, con
tains a special clniiHo under which
Italy received 2,000.000 lira for giv
ing her adherence to the agreement."
The news agency says It has special
Information that another cluuso in
tho treaty is directed ugalnst tho
SOOTHES HIS PAIN AS MAN IS CUT
.j u, an operation in tho oluunbur
of Dr. Churl o IlonjMiiun Wright
Today Dr. Kruu k proudly citing
tho incident as proof of hi long-held
belief that uiutic, to the uiukiuu, is.
to straighten out the tangle in Uio
PORTLAND, Oio., Jan. 7. A torn
pornry Injunction restraining the en
forcement In Multnomah county of
tho Oregon blue law wna continued
by Judgo C. U. Gnntcubcln In tho
state circuit court lioro today until
tho votors could dccldo nt tlio elec
tions next November whothor tho law
should bo abolished. Tlio Invv pro
hibits transaction of business on Sun
day by mercantile establishments,
grocery stores, pool and billiard halls
and places of amusement of ull kinds
In his decision continuing tho In
junction until tho November elections,
Judgo Gantonbeln said:
"Tho law has remained dormant
for sixty-two years and during that
tlmo tho stnto has succeeded In strug
gling along fairly well. It eooms to
mo that neither tho morals nor
health of tho ntato "will bo affected
If It lies dormant seven or eight
Judgo Giinteiibeln stated thnt tho
law was originally paused In 1851,
when Oregon was a territory, and
with u fow clinnijos wns ten years
later made section 312G of tho ponal
codo. No nttompt was ever mnrlo to
onforco It until about eovon years
ago when an effort was inudo to close
tho cigar stores In Portland. At that
tlmo Judgo Gantonbeln says that ho
hold tho law unconstitutional on tho
ground that it was u violation of tho
constitutional guarantee of religious
freedom. No appeal was taken nt
that tlmo, and every ono appeared
to acquiesce In tho decision.
TUB IIAGUH, Nuthorhinds, Jan. 7.
Tho ministry of murine announces
that a Ililtlsh submarine which was
flying signals of distress was encoun
tered by tho Dutch cruiser Noord Hru.
bant outside Dutch territorial waters
UP ON OPERATING TABLE
as good a win killer niul as soothing
u oouuiuo i to the iii. ui without an
"I absolutely felt no pain," Dr.
Ivraiw remarked. "No puiu, abso
lutely. It wiut all uloug jiifet ua if I
"Dr. Wright said I must titko
Tchuikovv-i.k' 1812 Overture.
"And thnt ! what I took."
ENJOINS BLUE LAW
Lack of Information Delays Persia
Case, But Cabinet Members Hold
Time Has Come for Making Certain
That No Further Attacks on Mer
chantmen Carrying Americans.
"WASHINGTON", Jan. 7. Tlio stat
us of tho prcpnrodnoss program, rov
euuo plniis, conservation and Mexi
can affairs, an well as tho submnrlno
crisis, furnished topics of discussion
at today's session of tho cabinet.
Tho sonatu resolution cnlllng upon
tho president for Information about
Mexico was gono over thoroughly.
Tho administration is wilting to fur
nish tho facts called for and ninny of
them have already been nsBcmblcd at
tho stnto department.
Although moro than a wcok has
passed slnco tho Htcamshlp Persia
was sunk In tho Mediterranean with
the loss of American life, officials
today wero still uninformed1 as to
whether tho vessel was torpedoed,
and, if so, tho nationality of tho sub
marine. Developments today con
tinued to Indlcnto that tho American
government would withhold action
ponding official advices determining
Overnight developments Included
tho receipt of dispatches from Ambas
sador Peuflcld nt Vienna assorting
that tho Austrian government was
without information concerning tho
Incident up to tho night of January
I, nnd from Consul (larrels at Alex
andria, Kgypt, stating that ho had
obtained affidavits from 21 survivors
nnd that all confirmed previous state
ments that, "no warning was given
and no vessel was seen."
Ambassador Pcnflold's dispatch
added that Huron llurlan, tho Aus
trian foreign minister, hnn asked
what Information concerning tho in
cident wns In possession of tho Unit
Officors and crow of tho Persia,
Consul Garrets reported, hnvo loft
Alexandria for England. Tholr affi
davits will bo bought upon their ar
I'm op Drastic Action
Uogardlcsu of tho outcome of tho
Porsln case, however, tho majority
of tho cabinet mombors are ropro
sented as believing that the tlmo has
como for making certain that no fur.
thor attacks on merchant ships car
rying Americans will bo mudo.
Tho administration loaders aro
said to feel that continued loss of
Amorlcau lives will lead tho United
States Into hostilities.
LAST RESORT OF
LONDON, Jim, 7, There, Rooms
little doubt that a gunornl election
will bo tho vory iafct measure resort
ed to by tho government to obtain tint
desired "general consent'1 to tho es
tablishment of attenuated form of
compulsion provided for in tho pond
ing military servieo bill. That such
gonoral oonsont would bo obtained by
an appeal to tho country is admitted
by viitually everyone, but tho belief
is expressed in many quartern that it
can bo won without such nn up
heaval. Tho Wostmhwlor Gnzotlo empha
sizes tho fuel tliul only forty-fivu
members of tho bongo of commons,
icproseutiug oonstituonoiou in Great
Ilritniu, whioli aloiio is uffoeted by
the bill, opponed tho measure. It
thinks the minority oan be convinced
of the uoeensity of unnetins the law
nnd that the throat to national unity
will ho removod by i'roo debate in tlio
later stugos of the bill's course
FATE NOW IN
HANDS OF I0RY
Three Months' Trial of New Haven
Directors for Criminal Conspiracy
Submitted to Jury Court's In
structions Favorable to Defendants
Size Enterprise Not Considered.
NKW YORK, Jan. 7. Tho enso
against William Itockcfcllcr nnd ten
other former directors of tho Now
York, New Havcir & Hartford rail
road, charged with criminal conspir
noy under tho Sherman law, was sub
mitted to tho jury today nftcr a trial
lasting nearly three mouths.
J no court Held turn tnc cnarge nieo
could not bo sustained unless tlio jury
was satisfied thnt the defendant:?, or
any of them, "intended to enter an
illegal combination." Intent, he said,
wiib psychological nnd not to bo as
certained by fixed rulo of law.
William Itockofcller was the only
'defendant not in court when Judgo
limit began hii remarks. Tho charge
against tlio defendants being n mis
demeanor, his presence wim not lcg
Tlio court, nftcr describing the in
dictment, first instructed tlio jury
thnt tho case should bo considered
without regard to nny testimony that
would indicate "any nttempts to in
fluence legislation by bribery or cor
rupt menus." Tho indictment con
tained no such charge, ho said.
Discussing tho Sherman not, ho
said that it did not prcseribo n limit
to acquisitions and that largo enter
prises may in a coilain seuso ho per
mitted to moiiopolizo commerce.
Charge to tho Jury
Magnitiido of business was not in
itself a violation of u luw.
"The criminal act,'' ho said, "is in
cnnspiiing to restrniu freedom of no
tion uud unduly restricting or sup
Tlio first question for tho jury to
decide, ho snid, wns whether "back in
181)0 or thereabouts thero existed n
conspiracy to monopolize commerce.
If tho government docs not satisfy
you that n conspiracy existed nt that
time, then tho whole case of tho gov
Judgo Hunt explained that tlio al
leged conspiracy must hnvo been n
continuous one from I8UU into tho
threo-ear period covered by the slut
uto of limitations.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. Itespon
Hibihty, u bolvvecn Oreat Britain nnd
Germany, for the disturbance of nou.
tral t ratio on tho seas, vfns tho sub
ject of another spirited debnto in tho
sonuio today during consideration oC
.Senator WuUh'u resolution to invos.
tigato the freight oinburgo ut eastern
When Senator Noivhuftls was dnt.
ing that tho ticing up of German slupi
wns partly responsible, Sonutor
O'Gorman iiinuircd if ho eniiiclni..l
in that connection tlmt'L'OO neutral
vobsels hud been token from com
moreo bocnuso of the Uritish orders in
Leouneil, rightly designated by thu
ffiti .1...t.i.....A... ... i... ;.. . ,. i ..
...... ..vimniuuiu in iu jh violation oc
nu international law.
"It is truo tiiat the trade has boon
deprived of J00 neutral vessels," de
olared Senator Nelson. "Uunv inu.
tral ships may havo been taken into
port by Gieat Hntaiu, but only for a
temporary delay during search fop
contraband. What h3 takou freight
shipa off tlio ooonn are tho German
submarinos that have been blowiug tin
Sonntor O'Gorman insisted ho had
not said tlio 1200 vessels had bcou held
up continuously, but tamo bo taken
hud been held for months, r