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About Medford mail tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 8, 1915)
Medford Mail Tribune
I'nlr, Wanner Thursday.
.Max. HI; Mln. -(0.5.
Dolly- Tenth Ye-vr.
MEDFORD. ORECJON, WUDXUNDAY, KKPTI0MI3UR 8, 10115
ro Fiei lifts
Grand Duke Nicholas, Idol of Russian
Army, Sent to Caucasus by Em
peror Is Unimportant Position
Action is Sensation of Hour, as Ef
ficiency Due to Late Commander.
PirrnOGKAD, Sept. 8. Grand
Jlnko NIchoIns hwr been transferred
to the CnucnsiiB by Emperor Nicholas.
Tho emperor took this action on as
suming commnnd of tho military anil
naal forces of rtussln.
In transferring tho grand tluho ho
appointed lilm viceroy of tho Can
casu.i and ronunandor In chief of tho
army In the southern front.
The action of Hmporor Nicholas In
transferring his cousin, tho Grand
Duko Nicholas, to ho Caucasus, In
perhaps (ho most Important chnngo
of thin nattirn which has lienn mado
liy any of tho belligerent nations. Tho
only roiuparnbtn Incldont wan tho re
tirement by Kniporor William last Oc
tober of Lieutenant Gonoral Count
Ililmutll Von Moltko an chief of tho
German mm stuff.
Tho post to which Grand Duko
Nicholas has been transferred Is of
relative nnlmportanco as compared
with tho prestlgo and vast powors of
bin former offlco as commander In
chief of nil Itupsla's -djroat fighting
forces. Tho Caucasian campaign
plas only a minor anpect of tho war.
Tim Russian and Turkish forces In
volved In tho struggle In tho lllaclc
Ha region aro not lnrgo. Although
thero was heavy fighting In tho Cau
casus earlier In tho war hostilities
havo been conducted In only a per
functory mnnnor for several months,
as both of the nations Involved hail
need of all nvallahlo forces In other
Nation Deeply Sllriril
Tim trnnsfor wns made In connect
ion with n general' reorganization of
Mich Importunco that it has stlrrod
tho nation deeply.
Tho grand duko replaros tho fa
mous viceroy of tho Caucasus, Count
Von Vorontzoff-Dnshkoff. Kmperor
Nicholas addroeaed to the count a
communication acknowledging tho
valuo of his labors, and stated that
"ho ylehlod to his request to bo per
mitted to dovoto his enorglos to work
for which his stato or health Is more
equal." Tho emperor therefore re
lieves him of tho post of vlcoroy nnd
attaches him to his personal staff.
In rollevlng tho grand duko, tho
omperor addressed a communication
to him which read:
"At tho beginning of tho war I was
unavoidably prevonted from follow
ing; the inclination of my soul to put
myself at tho head of tho army. That
was why I entrusted you with tho
rommandorshlp I" chlot f nil Hio
land and son forcos.
Tndor tho oyos of all Russia your
Imperial high new has given proof
during tho war of a steadfast brav
ery that has caused a fooling of pro
found confidence and called forth tho
slncoro good wishos of all who follow
ed your operations through tho Inev
itable vIclMltudos of war.
To Go to tho 1'itint
"My duty to my country which has
been entrusted to mo by God impels
me today, whon tho onomy has pene
trated Into tho Interior of the em
pire, to tnke supremo command of tho
foi ces nnd to aharo with tho army
the fatiguo of war and to safoguard
with It Russian soil from attompts of
the enemy. Tho ways of I'rovldenco
(Continued ou page six)
PKTHonrUD, Sept. S.- Ttw Novo
Yremya announeea the fnniw '
n new majority iu the lumi, l''
i-oHipriM". th ItUrwl mid irirrri.ivi
element, ifjJueititf the eon alive
T UW"! 'I""r- ,,"', ' ciiu-idl-t.
H Vlftlll ali'-, nlll'TMllv ''"
nuiil. favombJv o the funwOH.H "
:!. ii majority. 1 -iip' ' "
i,i-H .ini.-i in.iriiv. il.. ilr. , i- it-
b..uiid " l'hl ilililiuaut.
Officials Declare Steamer Must Have
Struck a Mine or Was Destroyed
liy Some Agency From Within
Submarine U-27 Blamed for Athrck
f llKKLIX". in London. Rein. 8.
The commander of n Gumma ""
Mihtiinrine which hns relumed to
"itfi baho has reported to the nil
"jnimlly Hint he toipedoed the
" 'liner Amine in the belief that the
.Arabic's action iuilieated Hint
" she wns nhoul to nltnek the null-
marine nnd that he fired in solf
tiilHrcuMp., f t
JjEllLINVSopl. 8. l'orsons ia n
position to spent; with authority as
sert positively tbo eonviotion Hint Hie
Ftcnmsliip Hesperian wns not torpe
doed by a German submarine, at least
inulcr tho conditions thus fur de
scribed. The nssiiiiiplionjliat tho Hesperian
was sunk by n German submarine is
met with cver-incronxing doubt in of
ficial circles. In official tpuulors it
is believed Hint the Hesperian must
have struck a mine, or possibly win
destroyed by some agency from with
in; Hint it may bo icgurded as cer
tain she wns not torpedoed" by a
(Ionium shbumrino under Hie condi
lions set fortlriu nrevs dispatehes nnd
'a neeoiinls given bv pnbucngcrs.
May Have lilt. Mlno
Tlu'o jtorons point out Hint de
tails pi von ia pros reports inny bo
adapted quito ns woll to Hie theory
that the Hesperian struck a mine as
(o Hie nosmnplicii' Hint she wn.s tor
pedoed. More over, it in said, Hiere is
not n ninth1. pnitii iiidieuliou Hint
n submarine wns ioneeiued.
The degree ot nssutnueo with wliielj
this theory is ndvniired seems to be
based on knowledge of additional in
structions UMicd to submuniio com
innnders since Hie Arabic was sunk.
Now Hint the U-27 hns been given
up definitoly as lot, nn official stnto
iiient probably will he issued soon
concerning Iho Amine, soiling foitb
Hint all submarines which might pos
sibly havo been involved have re
turned, with one exception.
U--7 Sank the Amble
It hns boon established Hint Hie Ar
able was not torpedoed by any of tho
Mibmariues which havo eomo bnc to
port since Hint time. Whether Hie
missing boat, which wna operating in
the vicinity of the Ar.ibio difnslor at
approximately Hie time theieof, tor
pedoed .townships, and if so, what
jiihlifiontiou her eommnndci' hint for
bis aetiin, oun rover be known posi
tively. Gnimunv therefore will bo uu
ublo to furnish the definite ropoil on
'ho ease, whuh s defiled by the
WASIIINOTON, Sept. 8. Pros
pects of a billion biuhel whoat crop
this year woro Increased by today's
government report wliloh forecasts
ysi million bushels, based ou its Sep
tember 1 oanvas.
Spring whet lndloatos a orop of
332 million bneholi, an Increase of
IS latllloNS since tho August predict
ion wu Huuie. Jtttlitmtoe are aa fel
Corn SS5 wHIkJM.
0U 1 108 lAllliout.
lUrl.y 22 3 millions.
Iluckbwt IS mil Haas.
Whiip notntops 406 millluRS.
8m. jioistoss f-'o million.
Tobacto, pounds, 1120 millions.
Vt 1 S willlon busbrU.
HIh J mtlUons.
liar tons. SI mlllteng.
Ailen, 214 ml'liolis
I'lrfcbc. bl luliliou..
More Arming Than Ever After War
Says Spanish Monarch Unable to
Visit America Great Reforms Arc
Ahead Socialists' Dreams to Cc
Partly Realized.. "
l'AKIS, Sepl. S.fxinur Alfonso, of
hnain lins had to aiiamion plans toe
n.visit lo Ameiicn heemiso dC Hie war.
ho told Scaur (.'erillicr, an Argentine
"It is (piite impossible lo propheny
when tho war will end, Hie monarch
is quoted as saying iu n report of Hie
conversation printed by tho Kspana
"It wns my pel drenni to vims
Amerieu, but I sjinll not be uble to
Kit now for years. When the wnr 11
over the work here will be enormous.
To hasten n'fonns, wo shall have to
nbaddon nil outworn forms, ami it' f
do aid deceive m.vsclf Hie role Spain
will have lo play will be such that her
progress, which hilheilo lias been at
a snail's pace, will bo increased to a
Arm .Moro Than liver
"The sumo progress may be expect
ed for all huninnitv if tho war re
suits ia disarmament," observed Se
v "No," Jcturncd Kinj Alfonso. "Af
ter tho war nalions will arm moro
llinn ever. When one 6Cos a eoubtry
like Dcliiiin, neulrulicd by agree
ment of nil nalions, eventually find
ing, ao other defense tliuu her own
armed force, it is easy to uiidci-dnnd
Hint oilier countries hi unit little,
realize that to c.ist it is indispuus
able to work iu times ofieaee and
surround ourselves with tho most
positive of nanrnnleos."
"Dock mil your majesty think tho
lower soeiiil orders will exercise pres
sure on tho jxoveiamonts to prevent
them from iiicreasintr dm biiVdou of
tinned pence?" asked the interviewer.
Socialism to Advaurw
"I think, ami you may repeal this,"
replied tho Spanish inter, "Unit so
cialism will become daily moie pnv
ommcutnl and (hut socialists will ob
tain satisfaction for their more just
aspirations by IckiiI method without
having: t' aso violence, hut I think
also thai its they evolve thev will find
out they hnvo been deceived by cer
tain politicians who have mado of in
terna! ioiuil pacificism a banner on
which they laivo lived.
"Kvcn the pnoifieists will recognize
after this wur whilo tho instincts of
tinman naturo remain unmodified
thero aro no better sutVt;unids for
likiit ia inleriintional questious thnn
foAsiht and stionc;Hi. Hesid(, af
ter the wnr there will be no unem
ployment. On tho contrary, there
wilj be woik for all, ami it wHl be
ntcesHnry to work. The vvoihl will
continue to be whet it is, and iu ten
or twelve cnrs we Oiall n-k: our--clvcs
iistbiiinleil, 'but what hap
AT $2.50 PER ACRE
SALKSr, Or., Sept. R After di
cussin at length the ouotion
whether county iiso--oh should put
tho laml- embraeed iu the Orison &
California railroad land uriint on the
assessiiu'iit rolls at a greater value
than .2..r)0 an acre, (lie tlu lux com
mission today decided In defer in
slriictinj,' iiMscMwora ou it until after
tho conference to bo held here ou
September 1(1, when idaas fur Hie dis-
pokilion of (lie tfrnnt will be framed
to present to congress.
All county board of equalisation
will meet .Mumluy, and iu view of the
rjtceiit, deciajim of the United States
supruwe eonrt, which rferrwl settle
ment to eongivus, the astMMsur have
hwH askhm the eottuni--nn lr ia-strtK-tiotis
aa (o the value turv bouhi
put nu tho lands. Tfw terms of the
urat provide Hint the laiul lull be
sold at fi.fiO hT m.iv, but It bus u
ical value much higher Hi.ni tbut.
ALllAXY, X. Y., SptTH. Pi..-
M-rth i,t' Mil ii'lieilieiit ImIHiim liiiiO
"trikiua; enploves of the L'uitetl Trac
liwit fomrmav bice uud iu Troy, n'ol
the iii'iu-i.il- uf the road were i 'iu'U
RUSSIAN WAR LEADER REIVED BY CZAR
fmtk J AP& '
fi'rauil Duke Nicholas of Itimsla, who lias been ncciatuiisl as oun of
the Ki-ciitest slnitogM.s of the war for Ills masteily ivtivat la the faco of
tho Austro-ticrtmui onslaught, bi'is Is-en ivb'Kattsl (o Iho comparatively
iiuimporliuit (sist of leader of the Itusslnn fortes opjstslut; t li o Turks la
in the Caucasus. Nominally the Krand duke Is surceelcl by tho ciniK-ror.
What inllltury imia or what general stuff officer will la fact, assume (ho
active leadership of ltussla's hard pressed forces Is not announced in the
emperor's order relieving the Kmml dal.e.
LONDON, Sept 8 Wesley Frost,
American consul nt Quociutovvn, In
formed tho American embassy hero
today that ho had received an uncon
firmed report that one of tho mlsslni;
sailors of tho Hesperian was an Am
orlcnn.cltlzen. Thus far Sir. Prost
has been unnblo (o very tho roport. A
seaman named Wolff Is said to havo
been nn American.
Tho Iobh of Wolff, tho American,
Is reforrod to in todny's state depart
ment dlspatohos, but officials regard
ed their Information ns so incouclus
ivo Hint they lot It bo known they
did not rcsard it as final.
If tho nows dlspatchos and tho of
ficial advices finally agroo iu allow
ing conclusively that an Amorlcnn
lira has been lost, It will not altor
tho situation until tho manner of
tho Hesperian destruction hns boon
Tho state department oxpocts Ilor-
llu will mnko every offorl to clear
up tho doubtful points and tbut somo
satisfactory explanation will bo given.
Tho fact that tho lost American.,
was a inomber of the crow Instoad of
a pasBonRor will not altor tho oaso.
Ponding rocolpt of further nnd moro
definite Information tho situation ro
LONDON, S. .l K The r.m.n a! of
Gram Duke N'ninil .- mine , n yieut
surprise in KnirLnxl. With vumcr np
lironeliinK, it u- believed thai, vvh.it
willi M shortage uf Miruuiiaitnai and
otJier difficulties be had ueeompliF.li
cd nil that was luimanly mKible. li
traasfer, theivioio, wu from a eleur
sky and murks the uuml laiportuut
eluiage of command iu an.v arinv dnr
iK the jfreut wur.
It is the iroueiiil inttresMou here
that'ICmperor Nuholus will not ileler-
liUUe ierFoli.ill u..oi the -iriilc.Mc
iunauila to be iliu.d, hut will iu-
tmat the uV.tiiiic- of hie unuie to
the ehief of the (.'''"end luff.
Aa the religion limd uf the !(u - j
Mini nutii'ii, the i'iii'rir iihim , ii i-
Miiitt'd out, -lii.nl, 1 prove to be a
ireiit iiiuiul Mimiilu- t.. hi- tn..j.-. Hi
M nJo regarded hem iIihiii
effect nail v of nunor4 thxt ilo-'iu
i oileliilat-- uuclii-iuu o( a separ
mfoWN'SVILLK, Texas, Sept. 8.
Tho United .States army today took
tho most Important step It has yet
made la tho border complication!) of
toll Ipwer Hlo firnndo valloy whon an
order was Issuod horo kIvIiik to army
officers command over tho actions ot
the civilians on tho river bank la
case ahoolliiK across tho Internation
al boundary Is rosiimad.
Local peoco officors horotoforo
havo boon permitted to jmrtlcipato in
returnluK tho flro ot Mexicans from
tho other side of tho rlvor. la eomo
cases tho poaco offlcors havo pursued
bandits floolni; from tho Toxns side
to tho rlvor banks and then hold bat
tle with them across tho Internation
al lno. Iluroaflor tho army will at
tempt to handle nil sltua'tlous,
Thero Is a doublo niirposo In this.
Tho CorranzA authorities havo an
nounced that they hollovo they can
co-operate bottor with Americana In
supprtMielnK bandits if thero Is no di
vided authority ou tho river bnnk.
It Is oxpoctod Hint further Import-
ant ordoro will follow and that tho
army with four thousand men avail
able In this section can throw out pa
trols so Btroiin that Moxloans frying
to csonpo from tho Amorlcan border
or those trylnjc to Invndo Toxas, will
have difficulty In trying to cross tho
LONDON, Sept 8 Weather con
ditions, which In past wurs havo prov
ed an efficient ally ot tho Illusions,
tire hkmIii Intorvenliiic on their side.
Tho rivers have been swollen by au
tumn floods to such an extent that
they promise to form an lui passable
barrier to a further advance of tho
invaders. Tills dispatch represents
the Immediate objective of the Au
tra-Uermau campaign to he the seiz
ure of the entire railroad system from
Riga to Leiiiberg, thus Insuring con
trol of lines of FowwHRleatlua for a
further peMtratkm of White Iluaaln.
On the other froufa oveuts pulut
lo a coueerted movement by the allies.
Hrinub warlils and the guns along
ilia lfclgiuu coast have Jollied the
tho run of artillery fire along the
weitieru frout. All this Jjlvea support
l the growing belief ihssi,eniioH that
aa offensoive uiovewent of some na
ture will soon mark operation-, of tho
utiles iu (he vtcat.
EOR THE RUSSIANS
Austrian Ambassador's Interference
With Employes of Munition Plants
Causes President to Break Prece
dent by Calling Upon Secretary of
State Lansing. -
WASHINGTON, Sojit. S President
WIIhoii went to tho stato department
today ami conferred with Secretary
Lansing. It wns Kcnarnlly under
stood they discussed tho case of I)r,
Dumbn, the Austrian ambassador.
Tho president's action was no un
usual that white house and stato do
parlment attaches woro slow to real
le wbal had happened. So fat as
officials could recall tho only prece
dent for a president going to call on
a secretary of state was ' recorded
when Prcldent MoKluluy went to call
on Secretary HnV.
Visit a Surprise
Tho president's call was not ar
ranged In advance. Ho loft his study
and panned out of tho executlvo of
fices through a little used entrance,
.crossed tho nveuuo which separates
tho white house grounds from tho
stato, war and navy building, and
walked up tho main stntrwny unat
tended, whilo dozens of surprised
tourists nnd employes stopped to
look. Tho president continued on
up tho Innor stairways and Into ono
of tho long corridors lending to Sec
retary Lansing's private offlco, whero
ho passed by tho messenger on tho
door nnd entered unnnnounccd.
Lnto yesterday Ambassador Duniba
conferred at longth with Secretary
Lansing about tho correspondent
taken from nn American correspond
ent by llrltlsh secret sorvico men
which dlsoloHod that the Austrian
ambassador was concerned la a pro
ject to laterforo with tho operations
of Amorlcnn munitions plants. Tho
niuhassndor explained that bis gov
ornmont had Instructed him to glvo
tho widest publicity to a decreo mak
ing It a criminal offeuso for any
Austro-IItingnrlan to bo concerned in
tho mnnufneturo of munltlonuW war
for his country's enemies.
Ouiirom.s Duiubn's Visit
So fur ns was known tho ambassa
dor did not disclaim his action nor
did ho disclaim having reported on
tho project to his homo govornmoat
la documents which wero found on
tho Amorlcnn correspondent. Tho
stato dopnrtmont rognrds tho uso ot
nn Amorlcnn passport for messongor
to ono of the bolllgoront governments
Seerotary Lansing Jienrd nil Dr.
Dumbn hnd to say and let It bo known
(Continued on pngo six)
NKW YOltK, kept. 8. fJroat Urit
niii'a third shipment of gold to the
United Slates within five weeks, pluu
ed in the sub-treasury here, amount
ed to $10,105,000, noil nut approxi
mately .f(JO,000,000 nu icporled yes
terday flow Portland, Me., ueeording
to an official announcement made to
day by J. I. forffnu & Co., the oon
hignee, Ameri"iin seeiiritiea neoompnnyiui;
the gold were unoffieially reported to
bo worth approximately $.10,000,000,
mukiug the total value of the ship
meat about $.il),000,000.
The gold iu the shipment consisted
of American gold coin to the vuIuh
of $7,i0,000 uud J,:i00,00l) llngliJi
eovereiguH amountiuy to approxi
This inukes a totul of $130,000,000
whuh hue urrivcd here for Iiuglnud'
aceoiint hiuee curly in August. Thi
(treat sum, it i U'lieved, bus all heeti
used hi pn jiot; or mnnitioaa of wur
and other Hupphes tu KnsrlaJtd ami
France from tin-, count rv.
Whatever the Imlulic. due n.iv be,
it Ui still lar.'e eiioiuh to -end the
rate uf hit-Hue,' douii 11411111 nliiy In
I.(I2' at the o(iNinv, a lo- of Vi u
cut over mht. Tln i-i -I1., eelil-i
beliiw ln.nii.il icitl Ue 11I-. ubovi
tli'.- low u'vuftl hvte tot iieilin.'.
City Council Postpones Action on
Mcdynskl Plan to Bend City for
$1,020,000 to Refund Paving In
debtedness -Fiery Oratory on Tap
Sargent Leads Opposition.
.An ordiunnco calling for n special
election September JH (o voto upon
Iho fcdyiiRki iirojioMition to rcboml
tho city for $1,020,000 for tho paving
indcbtciliicfld wjp tabled at tlio regit
Inr meoliiiR of tho city council Tuorf
ilny nislil, for fittiro consideration.
It vvas Iho Kiormicst session in
inonlhs, full of peisonnlilics nnd fet'
vid oratory. Several times tho fool
inj:rt of the oralow roso to rcat
heijjhlM, nnd on ono or these oecnfc
imiR Colojicl Snrgent culled E. IT. Fehl
it "foor.lehended kid." Jint boforo
this rejoinder tho fifienl ncnt mado
a speech in which ho snid ho wan
eorry ho voted for Iho colonel. Ho
said I10 thought tho colonel wan for
the people, hut Hint iie wan for tho
Sargent 0kmim Del into
Colonel Snrient sounded tho open
ing gnu of tho bond issue nrgumcat.
Ho mndo a speech which ho rend front
written notes. Tho .;ist of his rn
mnrkH wn Hint the cily should pay
its debt without impairment of credit
nnd that it could bo collected under
tho llanerofl net, favoring the bring
ing pf a suit ngainst all delinquent
property holders. Colqnel Sargent
said Hint ho doubted tho legality of.
tho bond issao as proposed, and that
Iho repudintion of any nnmioipal ob
ligation would work a hnrduhip. Ho
also said tlio bond issue was unjust
During tho remhrks of Colonel
Sargent citizens opposed to him
grunt ol thoir disapproval. Tho
speech, however, wns well received
nnd revealed a sentiment ngninst tho
Vavvter Opposes Jw.no
Attorney W. I. Vawter followed
Colonol Sargent, and snid it would bo
poor policy for tho city to attempt a
bond issuo of over n million dollars
on uu nsscsscd vuluutioii of .f 1,000,-
000. While not doubting tho eivio
patriotism of tho-io favoring tho
bonds, Attorney Vuwler declared it
seemed impractical uud unwise
licit Anderson engaged in nu argu
ment with Colonol Sargent upon tlio
morits and demerits of tho bond is
sue. Mr. Anderson said ho had paid
nil his ussessments nnd was in favor
of tlio city collecting tlio delinquent
amounts tinder tho linneroft net, "il!
it could bo done." This ho doubted.
Ho declared somo solution should bo
offered and that those nblo to pay
should pay without trying to dodgu
their obligation. "I lived in a town
ouco Hint repudiated one intercut pay
ment," said Mr. Anderson, "and ib
never recovered. I spent tvventy-fivo
yeari of my life trying o rebuilt Hint
town, nnd it is now ns it was then,
lleforo I would go through tho Kama
esperioinjo in Medford 1 would givo
my property nway and move out."
.Miles Wants Collections
After a ton-miuuto argument led by
Mr, Anderson, in which everybody
took part, Mayor Emoriuk rapped for
Cnuiiullmnn Miles arose and said
Hint it wns his opinion that tho debts
could bo collected with concessions,
nnd that if tho city took tho propor
oourso it would bo easy, Ho haid at
first ho favored the bonding issuo, hut
tho moro ho thought about it tho
worso it seemed, and spoke against
uuy upheaval of Hw finances of tho
Councilman ModyqsM spoko in fa-
(Continued on Page Pour.)
EN ROUTE TO ENGLAND
AMSTKHPAM, Sept. 8.-Tlirvo
irhiie, coming from tho cant, pass
ed over Dordweh, in South Holland,
at G:30 o'elouk this morning towuvii
the English const.
Another airship pussou over a sub
urb of Amsterdam. It came from tho
oouthwekt and iluappearM ia an