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About Medford mail tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989 | View Entire Issue (April 20, 1915)
Medford Mail Tribune
Max, 7i .Mln. BM.n. Flr
Tonight nnd VeiHe4Ay,
Daily Tenth Vi'iir
Neutrality of United States Not n
Petty Desire to Keep Out of Trou
ble Because There Was Somethlno
Greater to Do Tlmn Flutit Distinc
tion of n Nation of Self-Control.
N'HW YORK, April 20. President
Wilton in mi ndilioMH tit llio iiiiiiiial
luitelicnn of tlm AMKiii'iatrtl VreM
lii'iit lliln ufleimmu, guwt definite
Miiteiuenl of IiIh itlcit of line neutral
ll.v mill oi' tlio duties Hint ili'Mihcil
upon Auinr!'iiM cniinceliun with tin1
Iltirupeuu wnf. Tim president deelnr
ed that llm neutriillty or llm I'lilted
.Stale wan not a petty lfii to keep
mil of trotililc licfaix' (hero wax
MHiiethhg no much Ktrntcr to ilo than
ilfjht. A cleat dlMinetinii, lift saitl,
whm cmiiing to llm United .Stale the
dWtiuetinu of a nation of Helf-cnulrol
mill (rINiiitiMlcry. lie Mild niieh a na
tion wiin lioiitnl to play an important
purl in adjusting tlm a I fail's of the
wot hi onee (lie fighting i ended. "We
have no hnmpeiing iitnhilinns" In
drelnred; wk don't wnnt a foot of
niiylmdy'n territory. In'l Mieh a nn-
lion lioimil to he free to nerve the
I100U Toward Ameiirn
"frt it not likely that the nntioiiH of
the world will Home dav turn to n
for the cooler nHc!iiieiit of the ele
inentH engaged? I am not thinking
mi preposterous a thought an that we
diniilii mI in judgment upon any
nlher nation, hut that we xhull Nome
tlnv have to jimkII in recouMriictlug
the prneenteM of peace.
"Our resource are untouched; wo
nie more and mow lieromlug hv the
force of ciieniimlaueex tlm mnlintini:
nation of the world in respect of it
finance. We must make iii our minds
what nie the best things to do and
what are the hcM ways to do them.
We mut put our money, our energy,
our MiithiiMiitiiu, our yuiputhy into
llicho things uud we must have our
judgment prepared and our spirits
chastened ngnint t Ik coming of that
day. So that I am not speaking In a
helfiili Hpint when I miv that our
whole duly for the picMcut n any rale
in hummed up in this motlo. 'Auiciiea
first.' I.i'l u think of America hefoie
we think of Kuropp, in order that
America may lie fit to he I'nropc's
friend when the dav of tented fieind.
rdiip comcH. The test of friendship i
not now Nympathy with the one Milr
or the other, hut getting ready to help
hdth wide when the struggle in over.
Hals of .Neutrality
"The basis of neutrality, gentlemen
in not indifference; it i not self-in-
J ci est. Jim basis o neutrality is
Kynipathy for mankind; it is fairness,
il is good will at holtom. It is mi'
partiality of spirit and of judgment
1 wsii Unit all of our fellow-cilicn
'ould rcalixe that.
"There Is in Mime quarter a dispn
nil Ion to create distemper In this
lnuly politic. Men are even tillering
plunder against the I'uitcd States, iin
if to excilo her, Men are saying that
if we should go to war upon either
Hide lucre will ho u divided America
- an nhoiiiiu.ihte 'ihel o i-in-innce.
Aineiica it lad nil of it voi jic-t
now. is vo"d in fpots. Hul I lor
mm huve n complulu and nhldimr faith
in thai gjeat silent hod.v of Americans
who are not standing up and shout
lug mid expicHsiiig their opinions jus!
now, hut are waiting ! find out and
Hiipport tire. duty of America. I am
just an mire, of their solidity and of
their loyalty and of their unanimity,
if wo act justly, as I am that the his
lory of this country has at every
crisis and turning point illustrated
tin's great lesson,
(Cpnlhiuod on Pace 2.)
KL PASO, Tox., Apiil 'jn. fJonernl
Villa reported today to ho fortifying
Aguas ('nlicntofl lo makn a stnnd
there ugainst Ohregon's mlvniico
north along thn Mexican Coutral rail
road after tlio Cnrranzn vIcIoiIch
nhout Cclnyn. It wiih iiiillontud that
Villa had uhiilldoued his huso at Ira
Persistent Reports in Rome That llic
Questions Confroutlnii Italy May
Do Solved hy Conclusion of Gen
eral Peace Lnnlcal Place for Con
ferenceRelations Friendly to All.
HOMi:, Apiil SO. Within the Inst
(wcnly-foiir hours Hutu have aiiscn
la Home persistent icpoil Hint the
grave iulei national question con
fronting Italy tuny he solved in the
near future hy what lit flrM sight
HccuiH almost iiicicdihlc. the conclus
ion of a general peace in Hiirope ut a
not distant date.
Willie thcSc rcpnil iiie iutangihlc
and cmiiiot nt piesent he ascribed to
a dolinitt) source, they ncveitlnie
arc rolltetcd in high quarter and
Ihey nie given h 1 hy en refill oh-
servers or uitciimtioual politics.
Among other reasons in support of
this the nrgiuneiit is olTcicd that
"tonic h mi excellent field for the
conduct of negotiations of this na
ture, I'riucc miii Hiielow, one of the
nlilost of (Icrnuiu diplomats, is in
Koine as amhasHiidor to Italy, mid Hid
official lelntious hctuccu Iialy and
(Icrmuuy as well as helwceu Italy and
tlm power, iif'thu triple entento are
In eei lain' quarters in Kome the
idea prevail! (hat the advent of
spring has not -seen such resumption
of augicssiw hostilities as had heen
promised, a fact ugarded as siKififi
cant, .Sofia is hriug rcgardciUuith much
iutcicst. Kfforts are hcini; mailehy
representatives of the h'elligcreuts to
induce King IVrdiuaud to iiiiiiouucn
The impoitauee of the attitude of
Ilulgaria is recognicd lullv in Itomc.
Should she side with the Teutonic al
lies it would he difficult for Ituuuiuui
to make war upon Austtiu Iluugaiy,
for she would then he snhject to at
tack hy Ilulgaria, as well as hy Turk
Mi troops coining through Itulgaiiau
SAMttf. Or.. Anril 'JO. Uohling
that tlm home inle aiueiidmcnt to llm
Oregon constitution is suh.ject to the
eriuiiual laws of the stale, the su
picum court today atfiiiied Circuit
Judge fumphclj of Clackamas connt.
ju the ease of the state against Kritx
lloysou, who held a license for the
sale of liquor in .Milwaukie, was fore,
ed to forfeit it and was fined l.r0
for selling liiptor to a minor. His at
torneys contended (hut the homo rule
nmciulmcnl nullified the section of
code aulhniir.iiig fur I'd lure of licenses
in such eases, and that under it the
liiwn of Milwuiikic was given exclus
ive power to license him to sell liquor,
Tlm com I, however, ruled that this
umcnduicnt was subject to the eriui
iual laws of the slate, and as the sec
tion of the code under which Hoysen
was convhileil was a criminal statute,
tlm amendment did not invalidate it.
HIE RULE UNDER
From Fields)fjWheat to Fieldsof Blood the Traction Engine in War
i sLf iBL ir' fo"' m ob
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in3'!ksnUinVnlYikwutilHinnmM '3R k. asrinv ffV 4 iil ttf T "Hox-J" i
-t! tWHBHW inSI Wjk l nuMMkw y NNM fc -i MsnnnnlnnnBr3llliWHnnnwr
JdST X:JnnPinnnnnnS?irrBnBnWPnVTnnnnnnnnnnnP sSnVvTHnnnnliK4BPSnnWKVVkiHnnn
I . . j qp J
Tho leinai kablo ty
(the euoptlon Dial Jt Is
lo of tntetl on
TO SETTLE ALL
New State Norway Ennjncer Expect
ed Shortly Plan to Include Ash
land Hill In Siskiyou Section and
Expend State's $50,000 in Doth
Approaches to City.
County Coniinl'iMonor-t I.cevnr anil
.Madden and llcprcimntatlvn W. I.
Vawter returneil from Raloni-Tiie-nln)' j
where they appeared hoforo tlio ntnto j
highway cninmlKHlon In an emleavnr
to renoh nn iinili'mlnrullni; regardlnR
the expenditure of tlm IRO.OOU appro- j
printed for uco on Hie .Slnklyou ec-
Hon anil n lial for rnml work during
the coihImk year. Tlio Hlato MlRhwny I
nnglnccr wilt he down within tlio next ,
tew days nnd the proKrnm will ho t
finally nRrcoil upon, i
CoiumliiHlancr Madden tliun nitn
iimrlicH the rcMilt of the conference'
"The iitnte money will he expended '
on the Rltklyou nectlnn, hut the Sin-1
lilyou ncrtlon will comiirlne, nuhject
to approval hy Knclncer Cnntlno, nil
that portion of the hlj-hwny from
the nun thorn line of the prcucnt com-1
lueien jinvcu ronu ni i lie nao ot uio
Aithhind hill to the Cnlirornln tine.
Till will euahlo tho expenditure, of
the Htnte money on tlio Hillings grade,
and the pnvlng thin year of proh
iilily five in I leu from Adhlnnd noutli
under Htnte control.
Tlio offlco of the utato highway en
gliits'r at Medford will he ahollnhod.
nuglueor KlttredKc will he rntnlned
until Mr. Contlnn mnkcB his vlult,
ami hln future eiuploymont will then
ho determined upon.
Whether the Htnte will turn over
tho money to the county to ho expend
ed tinder Mr. Cantlnu'n oupcrvhilon,
or whether the stnto llnelf will tnko
rnmpletu chnrco of tlio work, will
hIko he determined.
The ttilnuco of tho county bond In
iuo, left nfter tho Sweeney nettle
niont, npproxtmntely $80,000 will ho
expended by tho county. Tho rond
will flrxt be graded throiiRh to ltoguo
Itlver and then iin much ot It paved
nit there nro funds left for. Illds will
be nuked on (ho Rrndlng nnd local
contractors will bo pi von n chance
to hid on nectlonH as well ns on tho
Tho Sweeney nettlement also de
pcni!n upon KiiRlncer Cantlno'n visit.
Ilotli the Htnte coiuinlsHlon nnd tho
county court nro Illculy to nbldo by
KiiKlneer Ilowlliy'n nottlomont, nl
lowing nppioxlmntcly $17,000 for ox
tras on tlm Siskiyou contrnct. Mr.
Howlby considers this sottlomont n
llhernl one. Mr. Sweeney demnnds
nr,000 for extras.
There In nt present duo Mr. Swconcy
:ir.,r7r, under tho Howiby settle
ment. Until Mr. Sweeney slgnH this
settlement, this money will ho with
hold Kormcr Oovovrnor West Is In tho
city representing tho Portland banks
to whom Mr, Sweeney has nsslgned
his claims. Mr, Swcouoy Is expect
ed from Klnmnth Falls tonight nnd
It will then bo determined whether
n law-Hull will result or n settlement
Tlm state commission acknowiodgo
that SS000 Is duo Jackson county
from Inst year's highway fund, ns
well ns S 1.1,000 for paving equipment
purehnsod for tho stnto, and this
S2 1,000 will bo forthcoming In tho
future, though pressure, from, north
ern counties has exhausted tho fund
for this ycur.
engine iiswl by tho Hiitlsh forces for haulago over rough ground,
caterpillar wheels, or wheoU of the treadmill typo. Uoiv tho tractor
OKI3GON, TIWHDAY, AMUL 20, 113
J i Br -BS-n 'Nh&
V WSLjL- G WWL. ' -J
Officials of the Itiags Xnlionnl hank of Washington lunejict obtained
a court order restraining I'uitcd States treasury officials from nlleged
attacks on the hank, and this inav ic-ult in tin iinestigatiou which will
menu trouhlo for Washington financial interests, wliich have liccn
idiarged with corrupt jirnetlccH for years. Left to right the picture shows
the principals in the fight: Charles C. (Hover, president of the hank; Scu
ictary of the Treasurv William O. MeAdoo and Coinplroller o the Cur
rency .lohu Skelton Williams. The lliggs Xational hank in the back
ground. RUSSIANS REPEL CANTON QBE-
EAST OF POLEN;
rhi kuuicai). April so. tiiouus. in. lh0 Carkln nct paniod hy th0
slnn war offlco today g.wo out tho tota legislature providing for regu
following account of operations at lutlou of commission morchnnts by
tho frent: ' tho state railroad commission as un-
"A vigorous attack by Gormans on vconstltutloual. tho Oregon sunromo
our positions east of Telepotch and
Poleu was repulsed by rlflo tiro nnd
hand grenades. In tho direction of
Stry n hostile attack on tho height
near Ornvzll was successful nt tho
start hut toward evening our troops ' declared unconstitutional was that It
mndca counter attack and re-occu- violated tho constitutional provision
pled tho height after florco fighting. . providing that "every act shall cm
They captured prisoners, the number brace but ono subject and matters
of which U now being ascertained, 'properly connected therewith, which
"On the eastern Hosznnka chain, I subject shall bq expressed In tho
during tho evening of April IS, wo title.
exploded n uilno above a (iormnn j
trench. Immediateb following this, Circuit Judge Calkins ot Jackson
our infantry attacked with bayonet county In tho case of tho State vs.
and captured tho position, taking in W. J. Canton, nn nttornoy of Med
tlm neighborhood of 100 prisoners, ; ford, and formerly major In tho reg
as woll as four machine guns and ulnr army, who was convicted ot u
ono bomb thrower.'
SETS OUT "10
SALKM. Or.. Anril 20. Pronounc-
court today nfflrmed Circuit Judge
Davis ot Multnomah county, In the
case of tho State, appelant, vs. II,
11. Levy and J. J. Cole,
(round upon which tho net was
The mipromo court nlso affirmed
crinio against nature.
ItV tho miiiio kind of tractor that doos
U mcu ditiwlng a heavy guu over tht
Net Return on Ccrn Only Two Mills
Per Bushel and Loss on Oats
Twelve Cents Per Bushel Tenant
Farmers Average $870 a Year,
Owners' Net Return 3.5 Per Cent.
CHICAno. April 20. niscusslon
of farm earnings wns n no.w angle
which entered tho western freight
rnto hearing today with tho testl-
I monv of I! .1. Thnmtiunn nt llm irnll.
ed State i department of nRrlculture.
.Mr. Thompon( who has charge of
the hcctlon of farm economics, told
I of data gathered by federal officials
I' In Iinllnnn, Illinois and Iowa. He
testified that In that district ono
farmer out of twenty two made over
J2000 a yeur after deducting all ex
I penses and five per cent on the actual
"Ono farmer out of every three on
127.". rnnns considered In tho three
'states," is id Mr. Thompson, "paid
I for the privllego of working his
ItctuniM Three Percent
His statistics on rented farms gnvo
tho average yearly earnings of n, ten
ant farmer as $S70 n year. Tho fig
ures npplled to 217 tenantfarms
and he testified that tho owners of
tho 247 fnrms received nn ftverago
net return or 3.."0 percent on their
property Investment after allowing
for taxes and Insurance.
Tho cost of crowing an aero of
corn wait placed by the witness at
?2.a0 for an average yield ot 45
bushels to thq aero.
"nosed on. the actual selling price
offered to tho farmer after harvest,"
snld Mr. Thompson, "tho farmer re
ceived only two mills profit on n
bushel of corn. The cost of raising
a bushel of oats, figured on actual
data from 577 acres, wns -19.9 cents
and tho average price received for
oats was 3S cents a bushel, a loss
of 11.9 cents a bushel."
Xo Profit In Oats
"Thero Is no profit In raising oats,"
said the witness, "that crop has to
bo grown by tho farmer to preserve
tho rotation of crops."
Counsel for the railroads objected
to the introduction o fthe testimony
i-on tho ground that It was Irrevalent
to the Question ot the proposed ad
vance. In freight rates.
VON DER GOLIZ TAKES .
VON SANDERS PLACE
DKItLI.V, April 20. "Field Mar
shal Huron von der Goltz, who rec
ently was appointed commander of
tho tlrst Turkish army, takes the
placo of the German general LIman
von Sanders, who Is now commanding
tho Dardanelles army.
"It is officially reported that al
ready two thousand German soldiers
horn In Alsnce I.orraluo havo been
decorated with Iron crosses.
"The Berlin municipal eating house
which Is ablo to feed 20,000 unem
ployed during tho war, will be clos
ed tomorrow, because thero aro now
only 1500 unemployed who nro In
need of food. This means splendid
agricultural work of peaco, with
uneven fleliU of lVaace.
Roosevelt on Witness Stand In Own
Behalf Relates Story of Many Con
ferences Held With Barnes White
Governor Discussed Legislative
Actions and Protests.
SYRACUSE, .V. Y April 20.
Theodoro Roosevelt went upon the
witness stand today to dftfend him
self In the suit ' for alleged libel
brought against him by Willie?
When the colonel's name was tall.
cd ho arose from his seat nt the labia
occupied by his" counsol smilingly
walked around to tho witness cKftlr.
Conferrcil iJlfi Tttniffi
In Albany I saw Mr. Harnes many
times.. In 1891) I had a number ot
conferences with him., I bad more
with him than with any othor of tho
leaders except Mr. Piatt and Mr.
Odell. We had many political dis
cussions. For the most part they
were In regard to the relations be
tween myself and the leaders of the
republican organization, particularly
Mr. Piatt. Thero were certain Is
ues between us two. Piatt was known
as the boss ot the organization which
controlled tho majority of tho repub
lican members of the. legislature who
sometimes co-operated with the dem
ocrats. We were at odihi principally
over legislative matters,"
Tho witness added that he also
discussed legislative action with Mr.
CamI llutal Out
"Did you talk to Iftaraes 'abont
canal matters at any time1'
Mr. Irvlns' objected to the ques
tion on the ground that It was In
competent and irrevalent. Ho was
"Did you discuss the proposed
franchise tax?" asked Mr. Sowers.
Mr. Ivins was on his feet in an in
stant with an objection. Justice An
drows said it appeared to him that
tho defenso had a right to provo it
possible that thero existed between
be. si nous and politics a corrupt al
Mnnco or that there was one between
Mr. Harnes and Mr. Murphy. If these
things can bo proved, said the court,
"they may establish justification of
this alleged libel."
Die court then overruled the ob
Jecttion. Tell of Campaign (Sifts
Tlm court added that the defend
ant had a right to testify as to cam
paign contributions and he assumed
that this was what Mr. Dowers wna
getting nt. Mr. Dowers said It was.
Tho witness then replied that ho did
havo conversation with Mr. Harnes
about the franchise tux net. Said
"I cannot glvo tho exact dates.
They began In tho spilng of 1899,
however, and continued until the fall,
I don't remembor that any other per
son wns over present."
The colonel continued to say that
Mr. Harnes endorsed the proteut of
4Ir. Piatt against tho franchise tax
Mr. Ivlns objected to nearly every
question nnd ho was overruled on
FROM PUBLIC SERVICE
AM1ANY, N. V., April 20.-Hcpub-lieau
inembei'is of tho Thompson leg!
lative investigating commitH'p report
ed their belief that all of tlm nine
democratic meiuherti of tljo Xew Yqrk
public servu-o eoiniiitiiiuisiroiildbe
Nevertiieless (ho report Baid jtlio
commitleu would mako no impitive
rceoiiimeiKlntioiia for tho removal ef
Commig&iouera MeCall, Wflod, WUJ
iamri nnd Cram of the New York
City lioard, It is the ooraiittee' d
aire, the reMirt oontlniit'd, to permit,
the governor to exercise liU o,wh
judgmeKt in tlione niHe- Thwe are
tho i'oui" commfrfiiniiera HjrHiiist whn
ehiirgcs were liiouulit a wmith MHtc
Prior to today th xpvwrMitr lmd v
coivci no official erilietM of ik Mfv,
!' - 'J