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About Medford mail tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 20, 1914)
MEDFOTtT) MAIL TRIBUNE, MEDFORD, ORKflON, TJTUK.SDAY, 'AUGUST 20, 1914
Professor O'Gara Demonstrates That Poor Farming is .
More to Blame Than Smelters for Ruined Farms
To tlm IMItnrt
It 1h iiihIIiIii Unit you, unions' my
iiiniiy .Medford friend, would lllo to
1,'IIII'V ttllllt )IO!H'HN I IW lief II
uuildiiu; Hini'ii leas Ink Htujuo Hivor
vitllny. No ilmilil it kooiI iiiniiy pen.
pin MippoHcil t lift t niv miiI, Iiitk
uwld mil la nlniiu; M'li'iilil'ii' liuct-t
hut rullicr nliiug tin Iiihw of lint ho
citlled 4VM'il," uui is imtliiiiK but
a pnriixlti' anil liiitittt h cerv iivciitie
nt' Holenlllio ii'i'itii'li where lot ran
aliNtirli Idiowli'tluit without uoiklnir.
It Im now iiluiut (iit months hliioo.
n It'll llii utllcy. limine Ha' Inter
Mll I IllUe been mtv lainy mail. Til it
Held of ituiiniltiii'itl icwcnrrli It an
I'lioriuoux ontt (i'ii iii a dMilel Ilia
lro of Ilia Sail l.nU uilloy. A linxly
ujiinco mer llio Hltiiallon nflcr T ai
lived hlituvt'il dial very t ! t ( U iijjrleul.
Itiral Imm-nIIiiIIoii which would hit of
Milui' to iih hail been done. In other
wiinU, tlu dixtricl luiil been It'l itlmin
ho far iih aurii'iilliiral imi'ttiKiitimm
wi eoiircriicd, To me. it wiih n
ruln country wiih a larit percent
iitfV 'f Hat fniuioi loillui; nwny In
hiixbl'lll ilHIoritlll'U of lilt) H'lll I'Olldl
tlllll Of lllillKN.
My findwnrW wn lo -eleel a fann
which could ho u-ed lor it'iuonilra
lion 'iu rjMKii, iih ui'll ax for expeii
mental work. A farm which Ian! been
forced iiH)lt tlm Mueller; by Hit' for
hut owner liy rntMin of heavy dum.
UK" clniin wiin M'lcctril, Tin former
owner himcd hU fnilure upon no fault
of lh own, hut upon (lit Nmrller
which III' tuiil (mil pnlholicil iH oil
aiiil ruined it for nytieulliirnl pur
(nixi'h. Thin farm of ahoul fifty nerr
wim llio mo"l tlcpliiriihlc lookiuc i)tht
which iMiuld hi' culled it I'm nil thai I
linil (Her teen. It looked n Ihtnmli
lint owner had heen out of Mtrtx with
hiinxi'lf and nut tire for Mineral vrnrn.
The land and huihliii-. rould not
have looked wnrit if ho-tlle iirnilr
had urd them iih their hntlle pound.
One reason why 1 M-lerted thin prop
erty wax hecaiiM' I wauled the worn!
coudiliou Mirihle in order to hhow
that lat'tc of iiii'lliod in farming wn
rejMinihlo for tlm tm fnlliircH mat
mil Hie umi'llrrx. Ovwiiu to Hit' dilnp
iihiled couilition of the property, wp
rould not lircin our farm ocrnliont
until well towaid lint middle or Mity.
However, hIiiit thai ttmo we huvr
heen hrincinu' onler rut of ehuo.
Thin you will ho able to note hv n
few photoj;railiri which I am nendliiu
yon iinder t.emntlc tout. The trnn
fonuiitiou of thW ruin into n lieautl
Jul farm hat hen mo remarkable, that
wo hit vo linil literally hundred of
iitnrn willi iih In order to learn how
it wiih done. i luiva had reprenen
latieH of tlm arioiiH hurenuH of the
.Ibiitod StnleH departuient of UKricuN
line, miiIn, plant indiinlry, eiitomoN
oijy, iiiineH. )r. 1. 0. Howard tf Hie
bureau of ciiloinoloy, nfter xishlnj;
Hut farm and laboratory, Hinted to n
uewhpaper rrprcM'utntif Hint the
work beinu done by our department
in the moht rcinarkable of any done
in the United SlatfH. That a 1,1
oiai'ltiiiK and refinini; eompnny
hlioiiM oiikiiko in iiurldilluriil laxesll".
pilloiiH in ho IhoroiiKli a heieulifie
way illicit hit eoiiHidered an epovh
makiiiK movement )r. Howard re
nliretl that our metliodH ami eipilp.
nienl are hiieli that wo can do ninny
lliinpi whieh Hut expcriuicnl htatlnii
'aniiol undertake. ' huo men
with iih who Jiaxn dona things anil
i not nl'raid of haul work.
jfer p'lHa fann operations
Marled, my ne, ork was to make
plans fur the laboraloiy and its
eiiuipau'iil. Ah you will note in the
hooKrapliJ w ,ae n tine uliiioM
lneproof biiihliin;. All Hut walls, In
I'ludini thgjjijeriiir oneH, ant 0f il0,
HEALTH OF PARIS
I'AUIH, Aug. ao, IMS n, lit. Tliu
Intuitu of I'urlH In excellent, accord,
lag to reports of llio nunltnry uu.
thorltlcH. Tho population f hot), tho
city nntl Itn miliurlm ro-nperulo read
ily In tho nicntuiroa taken by tho
health offlrcra ho that thoro la no
diingor of opIdomlcH. Ailvlco an tn
rovnroliintltm In very generally fo.
TIo jmllco now cotiutlir jar tl0
linftmt city lit tlio world. Ilroiuod
bliioJueketH huvu heen brought from
tho naval 'porta to 8Upiomont tho
police. Tho putrolH find little to do.
Hnforo ninbllUutlnu tho avurMgo dally
nrreiitH tu tho city wiih 700, TI1I1
hiu now ilioppeil to ICO,
IS SAFELY FLOATED
HAN rilAN't'IKCO, Cal., Aug. 'JO,
Tlm I'huiubur of niiuiuiercn hum n.
ndveil woiil today Hint Ilia Weanier
Colusa of llio New Voik i. 1'aelfju
Hleiiuiblilp ,iiiiiiiiiiiy( ,lil I'lecl, willed
went nkliiirn cl miles 1101II1 of An
Inlliii hum i'louleil hint ululil, lililii
"" ' Mw urn ipi m
Willi UUh4 rHUihii mn$
whicli uiuki'H thi! bullilliitf mi I'd and
at the Hiiinn limit very cool for hiiiii
iner woik. About Hid wiiIIh thcic la
an air npacu Hiirrouuded by hiuvrcw,
ho thai the iooiiih urn nmiir heated
tint im; Ilia liollcMt dajH. There nr
clht liiiKn roouiH for lahoratoileH,
library and lieihailuui and ofliee pur'
poKCH. In ailtlitiou, thcic h a hlore
room for laboratory Hiippliii, Tint
laboiatorii'H am etpiippetl with the
fin cM nppataliiH lliiit moliey can
buy; all our liiHtiiiuieuU and nppll
anccK luixc heen purrhuHcd in order
Ibal we may do precision work. In
each l.tboia orv HuTi Im clcctiiclly.
KiiM ami l'linuliit; water. In Hut rear
of tin) laboratory hIuimIh our own u'iih
plant, ho that we do mil depend upon
elly Hiipply. The library In ono of
Hit' moMt Itupnititnt piuIh of Him
eiiiipiiieul, In udditiou lo I ho lib
rary I lunl, I have, added a great
many volume. I now huvo n emu
plete net of HaeeardoV Sylhajo Tan
Koriim, iiii'liulluir the ear IDin. ThN
He! nbuin coht .t 100(1, and there nre
many liihitutioiiM without it. Mine
U tint only tr( within thin xlulc.
In onler thnl we may be able to
makn a t.urey of arielillural condl
lions, it in ueeessary to hate (tnipet
Irausporinlion. Tint company, know.
In our ueeilH, placed nt our disposal
six maehiiieH with which lo cover (he
acrieiilliiral districts about Hut hiiicK
tern. One uiilomohile U a traveling
chemical laboraloiy, uud is uniipic as
welt iih useful. Our staff con-tsls of
tliiileeu men, which iucluiier myelf.
In this staff we have representatives
of the hext universities m the t'uiteit
SlateH ami abroad. I Imv i in)
staff a plant pathologi) ami assist,
nut, an et'ouomtc entomologist, un
agronomist and irrigation expert and
nskUtnm a chief chemist, n ehemlsi
in charm' of air aualysU ami fiiuil.
lion experiuirnt. a Foil chemist and
physicist, a veterinarian, panisitolo.
gist am) bacteriologist, a dairy rx
pert and animal husbandman, and a
fann superintendent. Von will see,
llien, that my Muff and eipiipuieut
iro of n little higher order than was.
provided me ii tlm ltoguo Itiver vat
ley. Theru in nhsolutelv nn until im
connected with mv work, and when I
say uiai I am elner in charge I menu
lo convey tlm impression that no one
diotnlc Ii inc. I am civen the means
with which to carry out niv Investtga.
tioiih, and nil Hint in asked or me Is
lo "deliver Hie foods."
Wo arc doing two thingt. Kirst,
we aru enrefullv intestiLiiihi Un.
ngrjnnllural vomlitious of the ills.
met; Hpcniid, wo arc eo.oH.'ratiug
with the fanaerH and fivnrv nllirr
agency which will help the eotnmii
uity. In our eo.onenition uiili H.
fnnuei-H wo are instructing hun in the
matter of pent control, cultivation
and irrigation of soils, feeds unit
feeding, breeds and In ceding, with
special rrferenen lo dairying. Wo
arc paying a great deal of attention
to soil phyhioii and dieinihtry, with
npeeial n'lcrcnci) to irrigntloii prne.
tico and ilrainage. We are also do
iag much work on alkali iuvestiga.
HoiiH. The fanner of the commun
ity gel nil Huh help free of charge.
If un animal is hick, our veterinarian
preMTihcH without cos to the owuith.
Soil nnnlvHOH or other cheiniciil .
aJysoa are also mado without charge.
any one o our experts may go at
Hie beck and call of the farmer. The
f n mien, have already learned that wo
arc not their enemies, although paid
by the smeller iuleres, hut that we
are their friends. Our demonstration
fann is a place for them to visit in
order to learn how lo till (ho koII.
Since beginning our vvuik here I
have personally fouml present, but
IJAI.MKT At Ashland, August ir
Adam llalliel, aged fit) yearw. De
ceased was well known in Southern
I'aeifio railtoad towns for tho past
thirty years. Ho was night foreman
of Hie roundhouse at Weed, where ho
was employed at tho time or his n
cent illness and was sent to tho AMi
The funeral look idneo Tuesday,
conducted under the (.uspices of Mt,
Shasta I.odgo No. Ill'J, Hrolhorhood
of hoeomolivo I'lremeii ami l-higiu-eers.
Home thirty meuibers of the
order eame from Punsmuir, und For
rest llalliel, sou of tho deceased,
eamo fiom Dillon, Mont. Ileauliful
floral displays were sent by railroad
men whom ho had worked with from
Haoramento, Duusiuiilr, Portland and
Ashland. Tho interment was in
Mountain 'iuw cemetorv,
IIKKD -At Ashlantl, August 1H,
Klizahelh V. Heed. Iloiu in I'hiladcl.
I'hla, Juno ill), 1H III; died lit the home
of her daughter, Mrw. A. T, Winner,
alter an illness of two years,
Tlui icreuter puillnn of her life vvim
J'""I In I'eiiiiHylvniili, Koinh lleuil
mid Kvaimvllli lud,, later ('(lining to
Denver, t'olo,, nml m AhIiIiiiiiI
iihnill I'mir titui'ii iigo, Hhu wiin Hiu
widow iif A'llew ,1, Jiueil, ulliT uluue
ilealli Him Hindu ier liiiinn wllli Mrx,
W'uuwr, Hiu only eblld, Thu twauluv
vtriVMtuI HUklfoi 'llwwwl,
not heretofore leported from this ills.
Iriel, three diseases of the alfalfa
lint bacterial blight, thu crown gall
and a stem ami leaf snot fungous
disease 5 n fungous iIInciiho called
nnlhracnoHP of red clover, also n
nemaloilo or eel worm of red clover,
two miles of tho pear uud apple; a
mite new lo science on Hie native
ample; two leaf discuses of Inn ley
nmla fungous diseaso of wheat. In
addition, Professor Dmiu, our econ
omic entomologist, has found promt
In the valley one unnamed species of
wheat Joint worm together with two
other species. Tlm three species of
wheat worms have done an eiiiirniniis
amount of damage, especially in the
dry fnnn districts, where most of the
Ileitis (his year were almoHl a total
These iiiiMi lunl discoveries ex
plain the reason why fanners have
not been getting maximum crops.
They explain why lint smelters have
been forced to pay heavy claims for
damages. Our potato investigations
have show u a deplorable condition;
in the early putt of the season our
CMimiaallon of the seed tubers of
fered for snip all over the district
averaged about 100 oer eenl diseased.
It was impossible to find any lot of
potatoes which did not have nresent
in them such diseases as dry rot, ros.
elle and scab, together with other
more or less important diseases. Al
ready our investigations have shown
Hint such crops as alfalfa, imtutoe",
wheal anil others, have not been
damaged by smeller fumes, but rather
by fungous ami insect enemies. How
ever, the fanner was largely ignor
ant of conditions nml he blamed (be
smeller for his losses hecnuse to htm
it was the most plausible reason for
failure. My discovery of the bacter
ial disease of alfalfa in the Salt Lake
valley had a rather startling effect.
I showed the funnels that llio pecul
iar appearance of the alfalfa was not
due to smelter fumes, which they
supposed it lo be, but due entirely to
I he presence of Hie small geni no
larger than the pear blight genn.
which attacks the alfalfa stem In
much the same way Unit the ear
blight t-rnit attacks iMimaceotis hosts.
The genu also attacks the foliage ol
tho alfalfa plant ami the peculiar
isitting caused by it was supposed
by the fanner lo be due to smeller
fumes. I showed them that the al
falfa weevil so serious in the Salt
Lake valley, but readily controlled,
was in a largo mrasuro resMinsihIe
for llio entrance of the blight germ
into (he alfalfa plant. It was also
shown that the spring frosts, especi
ally during tho early purl of may,
caused sufficient injury to tho leaves
ami stems of the alfalfa plant to per
mit tho genn which lives in the soil
It would tuko too long to tell
about tho very ninny interesting
tilings wo are finding, as well as
other matters pertaining to our work.
It is needless to say, however, that
we have behind in tho very best peo
ple in Hie community. We have noth
ing to hide or lo cover up; everything
is open ami abovo board. Wo nn
doing for tlio H'oplo what has not
been done for them by IIiom) who nro
expected lo solve their problems. It
is quite probable that tho farmer has
spurned tho teachings of those sent
lo help him. He that as it may, xre
found tho farmer generally ignorant
of actual conditions, hut iptito will
ing to learn.
With mv kind personal regaids lo
you nntl my many friends in thu
Hoguo Kiver valley, nin,
1 J. O'OAKA.
Salt l.ake('ity. Utah. Aug. 14.
TO WAR AS AVIATOR
DIJON, France, Aug. -0, via Paris,
French gendarmes today mopped a
young girl, who, disguised as n man,
hnd toft with a group of Pau nvlutors
for tho war. SI10 was weurlng .1
military aviator' uniform and had
cut her hair short.
It was found that alio wait an Hug-
IIhIi girl, aged 3(1. 8I10 will bo twill
back tu her paronts.
Tho finest equipment In Oregon for
printing fruit Itbelt. Medford Print
KHIVIXY -At Ashland, Augtisl
11, Jacob Shively, aged HI. Ho was
living with his daughter, Mm, Fred
Ma it ley, at Williams, Josephine
count v, Twenty yearn ngo ho camo
lo Oiegou and had ic.lded at Ash
laud most of thu lime since, Deceas
ed leaves four sous uud four daugh.
tcisi Mis. IVed Itui tiny of Williams,
Or. 1 Mrs, John Krwny of Hastings,
Mich,; Ml. Mary J. Ilrway of Ml.
I'lcuminl, Mich,; Mis, (', I!, Illnear of
Mniih, All.; John (I, Hhlirly of Med
lot il Aiiliur J. Hbiu'ly of l,o An
tteli'Hi William H. MilW'l of Chand
ler, All, 1 Jinny D Jililwly nf MW.
ASKED TO NAME
Mil) or Piirdlu, of Medford, linn
been requested by tho Hon, A. II.
Flctther, pruiddcnt of tho Fourth
American Itoau congretn and slate
highway engineer of California, to
linmc three delegate to attend Oct
Hcmtlon of tho cnngresH at Atlanta,
(Joorgln, during the week of Novem
Forty-seven great organlmtloiiH nre
taking part In tint concrctm under
the londcmhlp of tho American High
way association and tho American
Automobile nxBoclntlon. In hiu let
ter lo tho mayor, Pronldont Fletcher
rnllH attention to the fact Hint prac
tically every state highway commlR
sinner will he present and take part
In dlHcuiMlng tho Important problems
of road construction and mnlnten
nnce, and that some of tho foreman!
men In public life will devote their
attention to tho great qticntlnn of
federal aid to road improvement, In
nn endeavor to work out a pollev
whlch may bo submitted lo the con
gress of the United Htates with tho
jttipporl of the organized road move
ment of America. An Important
move hearing upon state leglnlallon
will bo mado at the soulon to bo held
under the auspices of tho American
liar ansoclutlon, at which a Joint com
in lit co, appointed nt the 191.1 con
gress, will report progrem In com
pilation and auggcitcd revision of
state road taws. The creation of
commission participated In by eac'i
stato to work out a revision of tho
road laws will bo urged. Tho Na
tional Civil Hcrvlcc Reform t.eaguo
will hold an exceedingly Important
sciudon on tho merit ayitcni In road
President Fletcher calls attention
to tho exhibits to bo made by tho
United States government, tho statci
and more than a hundred of tho lead
ing manufacturers nt the congress,
which will Uluttraleo every known
method, material and equipment for
road construction and maintenance
Ho urgoc that the city and countv
bo officially represented, aa tho con
gress it In reality a training ichool
where a xcry great amount of useful
Information can bo obtained through
attendance at lectures with leading
specialists In road and street work.
and tho collecting of tho many In
structive bulletins which will be
avallablo for distribution.
A. I). MclCee. 11,, 11. Steplicnson and
Joo Urlmpal havo gone to Smith
fiver on n prospecting trip and expect
to bo absent thrra wteks.
Ed Pence nnd family have gono lo
their home at Central Point.
H. Phillips and K. FInley have
gono to tho lakes to gather beef anJ
Mrs. A. I). McKco went to I.lttlo
Applegate alter her daughter, I.uelbi,
nnd Is visiting friends there.
Mrs. Minnie Kdwards nnd her sis
tor, Mammlo Watklns, recently IMt
cd Medford on business.
TO SICK WOMEN
Thousands HavBen Helped
By Common Sense
Women suffering from any form of
female ills are invited to communicate
promptly with the
partment of Uie Ly
icine Co., Lynn,
Mass. Your letter
will be opened, read
and answered by a
woman and held in
itrlct confidence. A woman can freely
talk of her privato illness to a woman ;
thus has boon established a confidential
correspondence whieh haa extended over
many year and which has never been
broken. Nover hayo they published a
testimonial or used a lotter without tho
written consent of the wrltcr.and never
haa the Company allowed these confi
dential letters to get out of their poa
aesslon, as the hundreds of thousands
of them in their filoa will attest.
Out of tho vast volumo of experience
which they havo to draw from, it Is mom
than possible that they possess the very
knowledge needed In your coio. Noth
ing Is asked in return except your good
will, and their ndvico has helped thou,
sands. Bursty any woman, rich or poor,
thould be ulna to take advantage of this
renerou offer of assistance, Address
.villa K. l'inkhum Medicine Co., (con.
ftdentlttl) l.yun, Mass.
Kvory wnmiiH iwlit to Ituvfl
I,yillu It. rliikltMM'N MHmuH
''tut Hunk, It U HutH iNwk fur
tfMrrul tllslrlliMtitfH, mt It (a tw
slatH'llslVtft It t4 frsNI sut4 ttMly
wiUlHHMa by tmil, Writ tut
if TJ ij 11
(From Anhlnnd Itccord)
.Mrs. J. II. Sweeney came down
from Portland Thursday evening to
join her husband, who has the con
tract for tho Hlsklyou Mountain end
of Jackson county's ir.nn.OOO high
way. Mr. Sweeney camo In from his
camps on the HIkl)ous to meet her
and after spending Friday at the
Motel Oregon they went up to the
camps, whero Mrs, Sweeney will
"rough It" for a while.
Mr. Sweeney brought an Interest
ing story down from the camps that
has to do with the war In Kurope.
lie has among the several hundred
men now at work many foreigners.
Thorn am In the bunch Kuslnn.
Ccrmans, Austrlans, Poles, Servians
and In fact representatives of every
nation that U at present engaged In
tho great KuroHan conflict.
Tho large majority of the men
spend their Sundays and nights In
camp only a fow seeking convivial
ity at Medford or Hilt, California.
They arc Intensely Interested In tho
ICurojican conflict and discuss It
heatedly from first hand knowledge
of the conditions that have led up to
It and an accurate familiarity with
the geography and strength of tho
For the most part the discussions
havo so far been without belligerent
demonstration, but on ono or two oc
casions thcro havo been loosened
teeth and swollen noses. Tho most
notable Instance was that of a Rus
sian and a German who broke about
'even In tho scrimmage In which they
In one group of employes at ono
of the camps are fourteen Austrlans
and one Servian. They came to the
camp together somo tlmo ago and
have stuck together over since. Tho
Austrlans show no animosity for tho
Servian dospltc the fact that tholr na
tion started tho great war by attack
ing his nation as a result of ono of
ABOUT SKPTKMIIKIt XVT
Wo will move Into tho storo room formerly occupied by tho Isis
Theater, therefore from now on wo will sell
ALL SILVER PLATED WARE AT COST
EXCEPT K.VIVES AXI FOItKS
All cut glasa 25 per cent off. Dig reduction In gold and gold filled
Jewelry; also Sterling silver toilet sets, vanities, mcah bags and coin purses.
his countrymen having nsnnsslnnted
their prince. Ilccently two of theso
Austrlans went to Portland (0 shl,v
for tho old country to help tight tholr
nation's battles, hut were unable to
get pnsago and returned to work.
Mr. Sweeney reports that ono of
their worst troubles of lato hns bcon
to get water on tho mountain for
ihe Gasoline ofQeamy
Use it because it has made
good with thousands of
motorists use it because it's
the best gasoline we can make.
Standard Oil Company
MARTIN J. REDDY
Buyers to Share in Profits
Lower Prices on Ford Cars
Effectivo from August 1, 1914, to August 1, 1915, ttud
guaranteed against any reduction during that time:
Touring Car . . $490
Runabout . . . 420
Town Car . . . 690
F. O. I). Detroit. All cars fully equipped.
(In tho United States of Amor lea Only),
Further, wo will be ablo to obtain the maximum effic
iency in our factory production, and tlio minimum cost
in our purchasing and sales departments if wo can
reach an output of 300,000 cars botweon tho above
And should wo reach this production wo agree to pay
as tho buyer's share from $10 to $60 per car (on or
about August 1, 1915) to overy retail buyer who pur
chases a now Ford car between August 1, 1914, and
August 1, 1915.
For further particulars regarding theso low prices and
profit-sharing plan, seo tho nearest Ford Branch or
FORD MOTOR CAR COMPANY
C. E. GATES, Agent
Spurt Building Mud ford, Orgon
drinking and cooking pnrpete and
for tho horaoa. Tliey have tapped nit
tho springs they could find, but ths
dry weather threatens to render thi
nupply Inadequate. Ho eays the re
cent heated spell Is as noticeable on
tho mountains as In Athland and that
It has been hard on tho men and
NEAH POST OFFICE