Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Medford mail tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989 | View Entire Issue (July 31, 1914)
Medford Mail Tribune
Fair Mitt. nH) fn. n,-jj
Mel. Mum. IT.
IlMly Nlnlli Yixtr.
MEDFORD. OKKCION, Will) AY, ,7lTLY HMOM
MARTIAL LAW IS DECLARED IN GERMANY
: :. i
CZAR'S REPLY TO
firnrral European Wdr Seems Initios
sl'ile lu Avrrl Anquilli Tells Par
liament That Russian Army nnil
rirt t Has Brett Ordered lu Muster,
Martial Law In Germany.
LONDON, July :il. Tho innmeil
nu niinniinormcnt wn tniido liy
Premier Asipilth in the house of
imwmoim today (hut Kimsin lunl pio
claimed tin' general iiiiibilirntliiu of
bur it i my mill fleet, nnil In eonc
pn'iice tiiiirt iitl law lunl been in
eloluied in Germany mid a general
mhnilli'utioii In Germany would fol
low. .iiillli' Statement
Plunder Aitiltli's Mnlcmcnl wan
"We Imvn jiml heard, nut from St.
Petersburg, but from Oennnny, thai
Itiif-iii ImM proclaimed the general
uinhiliiitinii of her army and her
fleet, niul tluit in ennseipicnoi' of tliU
martial Inn is to lie iroi'laimr in
"We iiuderslnod this' to mean tluit
itinhiliuliou will follow in Germany
if lhr"llnp;ij)i tnnbiliiuilion Is general
niul proceeded with.
"Ju these circumstances I prefer
11M tt ntuwer.'nny further ipu'slinils
ltiiln lo A lil Son In
PARIS, July :il. Tin Temps to-
ilny ichiles detail of tlio ennvcrsu-
liuii between Count Von Pnurlulcs,
tin1 German ambassador, niul Scrg-
in sariinorr tiu Russian roiL'iun
miuUter in St. Petersburg, ycMcrdiiy.
fount Von Pnurtiilcs lirl asked
whether, in case Russia were itssnr
nl Austria would not ri'taiit any tor
tilery i'iiiiiiuit'il in Sorvia, Russia
would slop her inobiltiuitioii.
To thin M. Kiixhimrr replied: "No,"
nnil hiiIiI that Russia could not per
mil ihn "execution" of Sorvlu wliiou
lunl been uuunuiiccd hy Austria,
Count Von Pouilulcs llii'ii nnkiMl
.M. Simiunff under what condition
Russia wotilil dcmnhilixc.
m, mixiiiioii iiiisucicit tluit any
ipinMfnii or this sort must JirM bo
inUi-il at Vienna, which lunl commit
I nl nets of war ami niiidc ili'rlara
liuiiM wlili'h aliuin lunl ili'tiTinliii'ii
KiiNxia In iiKilillii1.
Thi' I'liiiMTHiilinii ilnl not I'liiitluuo
TO CAPTURE PASS
LONDON. July HI.-An KxHiiipko
TYIetfraiili cniiipiiny'ii iliHpuloh JVoni
Nif-li, Snjvlrt, viu Haloulki, Kny that
up till Inrtt nihl tlio AliHtriun liivnit
fin at Si'iiiiMiiliiii lunl not Huni'i'i'ili'il
ill I'oii'iiiK tlio pitHA held hy tlio Hor
Villll trOlWr ))(IHNCHllll)l of wliinh
winihl in thciit iii'cchh In Ihn Mof.
iivii Kivt'i' vnlay ami I litis upon up
a ilirt'd mail to Ninh,
III ii mm
LONDON, July III. -Another 1U
pnli'h l't'om NInIi In I ho Km'Iiiiiio
'IVIefjiapli (nmpaiiy miyi ilenpenvto
Jiiillnif ijiinlliiiii'M aloiiL' tlin river
Drliia, Hot It Aiifti'iiHiH ami Hervimm
Imvn hiiHtiiliU'ri heavy loKxes, Tdo
Aiihliiau illvlhloiirt al'li'r I'IkIiIIiik
fii'ivi'ly all ilny, fnileil In foien lli
ili'l'iln IrmlliiK In J'leilie ami I'lh'
VI I :. SWA, July ;u. AiiMiMiin
I'liililii'i' KlIMiiU Iniliiy M'pilli'il n
1.1 mill (Illicit hy Hi'ivliiu nenr K'hi
Unruly, mi Ihn iliiNiihui finnUt'i1,
nllluml NiiMViInu um. The Hi'l'ViMim
Jui uim ulliti'i' (Jiul mill) Uu um,
KAISER IS ORDER
MOBILIZATION OF RUSIANARMY
MARTIAL LAW GREAT POWERS
WAR EXPECTED FOR SUPREMACY
- t i i
Order for General Molillliallon "I
Troops Postponed Until Tomorrow
-Wailing Without Hope to Ex
haust Resources ot Diplomacy, But
Actively Preparinu tar Conflict.
IIKULIN, July .11. The moriiliit;
pnKcil Miihoiit a hrvak in the hravy
war eloml over tlm i!urii'iin hoii
iin, mill there wi no relief lo the
alumni ilipairiiii; iiiii'i'rlniiitv exist
iui; In the (leniinn raiiitnj ami t
elli'iaeiit eolitiiiiieil to inereiiKe.
It lunl heeii K'iierally experlcil
that toiUiy Moiihl hrlnic the ileeixioti
for Miee or war am! when n ilreree
wax promiilcateil proi'laiimiic martial
law ami eonxeipii'iit military ;overii
meiit, nil hrciin to think that nniuil
eoiifliet eouhl ho the only outcome.
Allln on lltiloniarr
(loverntiient officiaN, howevor,
refrainril from makiiii; any ilefiuite
ileelnrnlioii, Miyiiitf they jirrferrnl to
wait till all the ri"ouri'OH of iliplo
mney lunl hreti exhauoteil. It w.n
mi'II iimlrmlooil that the iuc of nu
onler for tin mohiliiitimi of the
(termini force wnihl ho taiilamoiiiit
to n ileeliirnlioii of war, ami it wai
ileehleil to postpone thin action until
the Inut MiM.thle imiiiient in vwiieh
there wan a ray of Iim for eace.
It wan evident everywhere today
that the military niiihoriticH were
ipiittly prepiiriiiK for the speedy
moemi'iit of t roups in catc the order
for mohilirittion xhould he citfii,
I'rolillill firnln l"H.rt
The Herman foreign office ptvc
iixHuninro thin imirnini that no
mohili.aliou older would he i.-ueil
in (leniiaiiy today. OflleiaN admit
ted, however, that the hittintinu had
not improved, hut hecimiu ratlar
ai'l'rawilcil hiueo tho insue of the
KitHxinn rohilixatioii older.
The (lennaii federal council lodiiy
isKiied a ilccri'c prohihitini; the expait
of ;raiu, flour, foodsluffH, meatH,
animal product", automohilcH, tiuok-.
uiotorcyi'lcH, petroleum, coal tar and
coal oil. Thin order 'i Into effect
Tho step taken hy the federal
council, wIuim! incinborH reprcent
the rulerrt of the federation Htate
eoinpo'iiuK the Herman empire, wan
Hiild to have heeii ueeesxitated hy the
heavy exports of tho Iiin few days
reported by the ehiimberrt of coin,
Mcannhllo the Oeruian overnmenl
put forth tlin KrcntcAt cxerlioim to
prevent the npreinj of nlariiiliiK rum
lira ami faUn iuwh. It ordered the
confiMcation of four newfpnpow,
which had printed n'n crroneoim re
port that mohilUatioK hud heo'i
ordered and the niithorittcM csla'j.
lixlied Ihn HtriotcHt ceiiHorship over
(Coutiniu'd on I'iikc '2.)
NKW YORK, July .11. J. 1 Mor
gan today issued a btaleineut whii Ii
"Alarming as the iicwk is from
Kuropo, wo are Mill hoping there wi'.l
tint ho a general war. While Ihe
gravity of tho prcfcout sltuiilioii c.iu
hardly bo exaggerated, llieio Is still
llio opportunity for the Holier second
thought nf tho peoplo of Kuropo to
prevail over iimlr Hist luipulwcx.
"Tho hilualiiin of (hu American so.
miiily miiiket during (ho Inst few
days hiiH been 11 upleiulld illustration
nf Ilia iiiheieiit miiiiiiIiicnn of Jinan,
cml I'oiulllloiu in hU I'liiinlry, While
wo 111 0 nil 1'nini'i.lly Imping Dial Hu
New Voik Mock ii'huuu hiIkIiI ho
licpl open, tli Iiimiiii U Dinilil
wild mi much iiiii'ciliiliily ihn) (
oewvd i)vctHiy, lu liv MvhM nf
I. RiORGAN HOPES AGAINST HOPE
Pessimism Takes Possession of All
Europe Hope for Peaceable So
lution Flees Stork Exchanges
Closed -Enfllantl to Back Up
France Americans Kept Ahroad.
LONDON, 'July .1!.- Official an
nouiiremeiit of the rcxumptinii of the
"converKnlioiiH" at St. IVIm-bir,:
and Vii'iina camn today at a nri
tiient when pes.liiiim had liijien w.
hi-shIiiii of all Kuroiie. The hope (hit
it miht lead lo a peaceable tuilutl n
wfti iriihpeil with iliKperalion, hat
Ihn 'neww n offiel later bv the
proclamtilioii of martini law in Oct -miiiiv,
which wn regnnteil n a pr-
liiuinary to the utohilirntioti of the
Hcniiau foree-i for war. Kveryhody
then deemed to nettle down to nwnt
the new that the ureal Kuropena
powers hail, decided to engage in n
ntnipglfl for hiipreinncy. There wan
tiothincr to pve the piihlie hope thrt
n ueiieral war mlRht be averted.
Stork Kirlintiijc (liivnl
The stock exchange in London and
tho big provincial riticK, iih well iw
iIkha on tho continent, were elo'e-1,
owing to the brrakdoutt of the credit
MVhtem which was miide complete hy
the postponement f (he l'arii .ettle
inenl. Thin, it was pointed out,
would nrccMnrilv be followed by the
failure of home fiftv members of tho
London stock exchange.
Tlin precautionary military ind
naval measures taken by the ltritt-ih
'government are almost eompleted.
The prevailing public opinion here
Is deleniiiiird that Knghiml must oh.
sere her unwritten obligation to a
slt Kranee in her difficulties with
Germany, but a small body of rad
ical ornithines to utter objections to
I'jighiuil h involving herself in the
ipiarreU of the eontiucntal pnucn.
Diipatehes from Nish, in Sorvia,
ami from Vienna, told of encounters
between Austrian and Servian troops
on tho frontiers, but titilheulie details
of tho fighting were lacking. It
hcciiih certain that conflicts between
the frontier guards have occurred,
hut military men here point out tluit
stories of fighting with heavy losses
such as that said to have occurred ai
Fotclui. nre absurd, as it would be
itiipossibln for tlin Servians in Uio
timn of their disposal lo cross the
Dritiii and advance twenty uiih-s
wilhin Austrian territory. It is
ulso argued that tho niiuotiucemeut
that 000,000 Austrian soldiers were
on the march into Sirvia is practi
cally incredible. It is said that Aus
tria cannot have 000,000 men on the
move in less thaii six weeks.
Anitiiars Kept Abroml
Americans visiting Kuropo received
a fdiouk today when it was 111111011110-
f Continued on Page i)
tho whole country, to close tlin cv
uliauge. "It is essentially a time for tho
owners of American securities to
keep their heads. Rear in mind that
tho iiutiinl properties rcprcfciitcd hy
American secniilies will not siit'lVr
greatly by a Kuiopean war,
"It Is idle lo say that America will
not he hurl by 11 general Ku in pea 11
war. Tim wholesale waste of capi
tal Involved 111 such a catastrophe
would result hi 11 dinliihiiliuii of
losses Dm world over, hu! Hie lots
hi'in would ha liilliillisliiiiil ciiiupn -vil
with Ihn liNcs In Ihn coiiuliieti
liiiiiii'illulely liinihid. There i no
ihillhl I hlil Ilia whole Aini'liciiii pen
plu will ('(MiiicriHe n icMiiim 11111111 1
i'iMiIIIiiin IhiiiiihImmiI Hum couiry
Ml llK VUllV iuk)bi) UlUUH'IlL"
"OUT OF DEFERENCE"
TO THE PRESENT
WASHINGTON, J.iK :n.
Paul .M. Warburg .r New VorU
imlilii-il Ihe wJiTie house late
today that ''out of delerence lo
Ihe ul-hi-s of the icsiib-nl," he
would appear tomorrow lcfiir
the M-tiale blllikiii'.' rolamiltee.
fjt t t
VII.NNA. July 31 -Pomilnr en-
thuila.m lu ronncctioii wltli the war
tiKalnut Hervla ihow no hIkok of
almtcment. An appeal for Iteil Crors
nunux loilny met with an Immediate
rciomit from 1000 women and clrls
belonging to all clawed. Arch Ducli
eiii Marie Tltcrcra apjilleil to Kmiic
or FrnarU Jotepli (or iiermlttlon to
be enrolled a a IleU Cromi nurc.
The police authorltle. have forbid
den the publication of extra edition
of the newnpapern and een tho regu
lar editions hac not been permitted
to refer to the occupation ot ttelgrado,
which la still not Fcoerally known.
Tho AuHtrlan plan of rampalRti, It ti
iiudcrMood hbr. U4io attack Servla
chiefly by way of Honnla, wlillu tlio
nrmleti on the Danube lu the north
Imply ocupy posltlong nml remain
PAULS, July 31 -Cold was at Hi
per cent premium hero today. Kng
ilsh sovereigns uoro selling at 2S
francs each, Instead of the normal
rate of slightly more than !S francs.
A cabinet council Is to be railed to
morrow to consider an extension nf
tho terms ot payment for obligations
Tho apprehensions of the smaller
trades peoplo hero havo gone to such
an extent that many of them rcfuso
to tako tho new government -0 and ."
Department utorcs are doing about
only iiulf their usual business owing
to tho lack of small change.
HONG KONG'S DEFENSE
HONG KONH, July 31. Most ac
tive preparations are going on lieio
in view of eventualities.
Tho Canadian 1'neifio steamer
Kmpress of Asia has been chartered
by the government and guns nre be
ing mounted oil hoard. At the dock
yards work is proceeding night nnd
day and double guards have hcci
placed on duty. All Hie troops hnve
been confined to barracks and leave
has been stopped.
Tho RritUh battleship Triumph
today took on her war Mores and is
prepared for action.
All the boundaries of tho colony
are guarded hy outposts.
FROM FOREST BLAZE
HOOD RIVHIt, Ore., July 31
MackflrliiK mid trenches dug by rc.
dniiU today 1 booked t lit (urrnj firm
which liiM nlulit Ihroutuinul ihu
ro annually, I'IkIhk Hivhruuds lie
tilled tfvM'riil Jioun hut ull nuio
l ttd. Tim Hi m I'miflwH.I u u
SERVIAN WAR STIL
55,000 TRAINMEN STRIKE ON AUGOSTl
5500.000.000 ISTOCKMARKETS BLAME PLACED
NEW CURRENCY ! 0FW0RLDCLOSE UPON RAILROADS
. . 1
' Uncle Sam to Helo Financial Situa
tion in New York and Elsewhere If
Assistance Is Needed Half Billion
Authorized Under Reserve Act
Ready for Use.
WASHINGTON. July 31. ?ecr
itary McAdoo raued a atatement today
faayliiK the treamiry department wli
help us far a "It legitimately may"
ilu New ork or eluewlivru during tho
Secretary McAdoo jiald: "We arc
keeping In clone touch with tho situa
tion. Tho treamiry department will
help as far an It legitimately may. In
New York, or In any other part of
tlio country, where It become ap
parent that assistance U neoded.
New Money Is Heady
"Tho Aldrlch-Vrceland act, at
amended by the federal reserve act, Ii
still In forco and the terms on which
currency may be Issued under that
act, arc now so favorable that resort
may bo had quickly and effectively to
It to meet any emergency. It might
bo remembered that thoro Is in the
treasury, prnted and ready for Issue.
S500.000.000 of currency wheh thi
banks can get on application under
(hat law Ths U n addition to the
resources of the treasury.
"In view of the closing of tho Kor
telgn stock exchanges, the action of
the New ork exchange, which I havii
just learned, lu closng leniporarly.
I Is a reasonable measure of protection
to American Interests."
It was announced at
houso that every effort would
inado for organlilng tho federal
servo board and pultng tho new
servo system In operation.
Hellef measures contemplated
elude depositing funds In banks In
Chicago, New York and Philadelphia
and other cities. Tho president
planned to send to tho senate, today
or tomorrow tho nomination of a
man In place of Thomas D. Jones,
and efforts wcro begun to find out
definitely just what Paul Warburg of
(Continued oa pago two.)
RAISE MIR PRICE
LONDON, July .U. Tlio Menm
ship companies which yesterday were
bonking passages for steamships
sailing before the annual exodus at
minimum rales today raised their
prices to tho maxuinim, although
they iissureil intending passengers
Hint British, French and Dutch
steamers wero not likely to bo af
fected by anything that might occur.
LONDON, July 11. Tho hanking
situation in Loudon has become so
abnormal that it is understood that
tho British cabinet 11 1 its meeting to
day discussed Ihn possibility of tak
ing measures to prevent 11 possble
panic. The Hank of Knghiud was
today charging 10 per cent for
weekly advances an unprecedented
There has been nothing in the mi
tine of u puiiln or 11 run, hut ofl'lo.
iuls have been ipiictly paying out
gold ami silver since thu opening nf
the hmik this morning.
Tim London Mock crliiiiu Ipm
been elitki'il 1111I1I liiilhcr milli'ii, The
ilrcUioil In rime Ihe outIhiiik'! wiim
HiM'U by Ihn cwnmllli'i' nl H mi'l'l
flitf held Hii woiiiiiitf Tin i'hii)'
)cuou (or thu uupivculcwlcj JiVlh'll
INANCIAL PANIC PINCHES ENGLAND
All American Exchanu.es Cease Busi
nessAll Deliveries Suspended
Until Further Notice Transac
tions in Securities Virtually Cease
Movement of Goh! Continues.
NKW YORK. July 31. The New
York Block exchange was closed to
day -for the first time miicc &TA, oi
account of the KiiroH'iiu situation.
The Consolidated Mock exchange
and Ihe curb market nlo eensed tin
incss.' This was followed immedi
ately hy announcements of the clos
ing of exchanges in tho other chief
cities throughout the country.
This official announcement wa.s
made by the secretary of the Mock
"The governing committee decided
that the exchange be closed until
further noliee nnd that all deliver
ies be suspended until further no
tice." limine og World Hull
With the suspension of business
here, transactions in aeeurities, tho
world over came virtually to u halt.
New York for Ihe. last Jew day haJ.
oeeti die only great market ot the
world to carry on business ns usual.
The decision to close cnihe suddenly
nnd unexpectedly n short time before
the usual hour for opening.
It wns ot n meeting of bankers nt
the offices of J. I Morgan & Co.
that the decision wns reached. After
n long discussion it was decided that
the strain on credits might reach a
dangerous degree if the exchanges
were open. No definite period for .ie
closing of the exchange has been set.
At n special meeting of the board
of governors of the stock exchange
President Noble was authorized to
appoint n, committee of five gover
nors to make rulings regarding de
liveries on the curb. Deliveries on
the curb were susended unless wi'h
the mutual consent between the con
Hold Kx ports Continue
The movement of gold to Kurop-;,
which has reached unprecedented
provortions during the last few days,
wns continued. Tho steamship St.
Louis, which sailed for Kuropc to
day, carried the largest amount of
gold ever taken from nny jwirt of Hi
world on n single vessel. The total
value of the cargo was f?ll,02.r,000.
The total on this movement of gold
in five days aggregates $ 15,-l.lA.OUl).
The New York cot fee exchange,
followed the lead of the stoek ex
changes and suspended business.
RUSSIAN SPY CAUGHT
AT ALLENSJEIN, GERMANY
ALLKNSTK1N, Germany, July 31.
A Russian spy was arrested hero
todny. lie is said to belong to tho
St. Petersburg inilitury intelligence
wns the fact that the system of
credit had practically- broken down
and it was impossible to carry on
business in tho ordinary way. This
situation did not arrive through
over-speciilatou, hut bcciuiso bank
ers could not collect margins, which
had been gradually shrinking, whio
at thu sumo time (lie continent con
tinues to pour stock into London.
Tho Ihmk of Kiiglnud today in
creased its rate of dUcouiit lo K pur
TliU action was taken hy Hm Rank
nf Kiighiiid In older to check hu out
How of gold.
Jt is viu-gtulcil In financial circles
Hint Ihe tient iinntwciil piNihly nui
he Hie iikjfiiwoi of jliM hunk ill'!,
(C'onIIuuuJ mi pug wu ) '
Final Conference to Be Sought With
President Wilson IrBtherheml
Declares Managers Rejected Plan
of Settlement Proposed hy Federal
Board of Mediation.
CHICAGO, July 31. A strlko ct
SS.000 firemen and engineers on 98
railroads operating west of Chicago
has been set for Friday, August 7,
It was officially announced today.
Warren S. Stone, grand chief engi
neer of tho Urothcrhod of Locomotlvo
Hnglnecrs. and W. 8. Carter, presi
dent of tho Ilrotherhood- of Locomo
tlvo Firemen and Englnemen. de
dared tho order would bo put Into ef
fect unless tho general manager.;'
committee of tho railroads accepted
tho plan of settlement proposed by the
federal board of mediation.
Appeal to W'iUoa
Committees of the dissatisfied en
gineers and firemen of tho westers
railroads and the managers' commlt
teo prepared to leave here (or Wash
ington where conferences will be held
with President WlUon In a last ef
fort to preYent-3-strlke. Thw at
tempt to adjust tho wago dispute by
federal mediation has proved a
failure, It Is admitted-.
In a signed statement Presidents
Stono and Carter asserted that after
the managers committee, had Invoked
the services of tho federal board of
mediations and conciliation, the
managers' commltteo had refused to
accept tho plan ot settlement pro
poned by the federal mediators and
"thus tho burden of responsibility of
the strlko must rest on tho railroads.
Illume tlio Itallroadt
The threo principal causos of the
strike, according to tho statement of
Messrs. Stone and Carter, are: Tho
manner In which railroads havo re
pudiated arbitration agreements.
Tho manner in which tho managers'
commltteo has excited the anger of
the englnemen In the service by their
arbitrary attitude Because the rail,
roads seem determined to force tho
employes to abandon the mileage
basis of pay without being willing to
adopt tho hourly basis of pay; the
mnuagers attempting to forco on the
employes an entirely now basis of
pay which they are pleased to term
tho "fcervlco period."
Plan of Settlement
The plan ot settlement as proposed
by tho federal mediators and which
was rejected by tho general mana
gers' committee, acordlng to Messrs.
(Continued on paf 3.1
PARIS, July 31, Military move
ments on tho dermaii sldo ot tho
frontier wero very active today and
French troops sot out outposts.
A Gorman patrol at one point no
tually crossed tho frontier probably
owing to .a mistake
In 110 case has any conslderablo
forco of French troops advanced
donor to tho Herman frontier than
Thu French (orolgn office officials
wero (oiuldorably more p4Jhiiidin
toduy because, us they nxplalned, the
gravity of the fltuatlon was lBirw
lug with thu Upw of with day. At
thu mmiiim time, It wan said that It
must not Iw auifivi tkst all Up K
H i'Uifu kolulM kn4 yuhUML,
risni'v, II WW, wHI iwWh
Uur vmi HM Uh Atortwu U4