Medford mail tribune. (Medford, Or.) 1909-1989, April 25, 1914, SECOND EDITION, Page PAGE FOUR, Image 4

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Ths Democratic TlmM, Th Mdfonl
IIHI. The Medford Tribune. Ths South;
m nrnniin. Th Anhlund Tribune.
Office Mall Tribune Building, I5-J7-XI
Worth Fir atrceli teiepnone I
Official Taper of the Cltr of Medford.
Official Paper of Jackson Countr.
Kntered aa Rteond-rlaia matter at
Medfortl. Oregon, under the act of
March I, 1ST.
trsBornxmoif batxi
On rear, bv mall , , . 18.00
One month, by mall - ,50
Per month, delivered by carrier In
MoilforO. Jaekaonvllla and Ceil-
tral Point - - .K0
futunlay only, by mall, per ynr J.00
Weekly, per year .. . I. SO
With Medford Stop-OTer
Hooted and gunned and primed
for war, Captain A. Shearer ot Duns
unilr, Cal., carao to town this inorn
Ins, to buy horses for tho U. S. cavaU
ry or Mexican army, no ono knows
which. Tho captain win not tell
anything except that he is buying
horses for scrrico in Mexico. Ho
says ho represents Matt Williams of
Gonzales, Mexico, and that ho pur
chased two Jackson county nags this
morning, and will buy more if any
aro offered.
Captain Shearer Is well known in
theto parts. Ho fought Indians over
in Klamath county, and Mexicans
along tho border, as & Texas ranger,
tho part he looks lu his present garb.
"A man don't need no gun to lick
thorn grcasors," cays tho captain,
"but don t ferglt to havo a copper
too on your boots. I was down there
a speck and I know."
Captain Shearer held a short war
talk with tho local pollco who took
otfenso at his belligerent attitude
under tho impression that ho had a
aaluto too many under his belt. He
was allowed to go.
(Continued from page 1.)
icons from either leaving or entering.
This wax a blow to the members of
the American colony in the city, but
it was nn even severer one to the un
protected Americans in the t-mullcr
towns in the vicinity, since it depriv
ed them of what protection they
might have hoped for by becking
refuse in the capital.
Homes Aro Searched
Thursday night tho dictator order
ed all Americuub' home searched for
arms, and they were left entirely de
fenseless. Sir lionet Curdcu, the
Lnglish minister, was doing every
thing in his power to protect citizens
of the United States, but lie could ac
complish little, despite the fact that
ho and lluerta liavo been close
friends. The president was deter
mined to leave tho Americans no
meniu of dufeiibo in tho event of an
Tho Mexico City newspapers were
issuing tho wildest extra editions.
One advised the Mexicans to "chop
the dogs up."
Tho diplomatic party's transfer
from tho Mexican to the American
train was mude along u railroad em
bankment through a tropical bwump
bctwcci) fckyliiies marked by hugo
coconuut trues. About u mile of
torn-un truck separated thu two
trains. .
f'JJy Order of lluerta"
Captain II. McL. Huso crossed this
interval alone. Apiirouching the
Mexican train, he mived u white flag
and tho Mexican colors. Colonel
Caroiia met and shook hands with
"Jly order of my preident," suid
tho Mexican officer, "I deliver to you
tho American cliuriro d'affaires, the
American consul and their stuffs.
Captain Huso grusoed the hands of
O'Shuughiiossy and Shunklin, thank
ed Colonel Carotin and then suid to
tho latter:
"I have brought on my train many
Mexicans who wish to leave Vera
Cruz. Admiral Fletcher desires me
to suy that lie understands many
Americans ni' tho capital wish to
leuvc. Wo will bo pleased to open
uibseiiger traffic both ways between
tho two cities. As an earnest of
his wish ho instructs me lu turn over
to you tho wife and daughter of Gen
eral Mans."
IteUtive of Dictator
Colon?! Caroiia greeted tho (wo
wwum. who are relative of lluerta,
warmly, mid Captain Huso ullowed
tk M Mexicans lie had brought on
UU (rata to cro the lino into what
f ttiti rvevgnhuA u Mexican tent.
IS OH EG ON becoming reactionary?
Is the mossbnek element which so many veal's dom
inated the state, again coming into power after an inter
val of progress?
If the platforms of the various candidates, devised to
strike a popular chord, are any criterion, then Oregon is in
danger of entering upon a period of retrogression and
Oregon has never been progressive except in spots.
That, is why the state 1ms lagged for years so behind her
sister states in industrial and commercial development.
The past few years, however, have witnessed an era of ma
terial development all along the line. There seems to be
grave danger now u backsliding.
"Smash" seems to be the keynote of the platform of the
average office-seeker who has turned knocker for votes.
13etween meaningless platitudes alid political buncombe
runs the promise of destruction.
Few of the political promises contain the germ of a con
structive era. IMost of them
ruin, repudiation and retrogression.
The composite platform
which would deprive the government of a third of its rev
enues, ruin established and legitimate industry, throw
thousands out of work, force an industrial readjustment
that will, temporarily at least, create hard times, besides
enormously increasing taxation. It calls for the wholesale
abolition of commissions created in response to popular
demand and representing the best thought of the day in
the effort to legislate for the benefit of humanity. It calls
for lower taxes, which can only be secured by cessation of
public improvements and curtailment in legitimate ex
penses and can never be secured by destruction of the
sources of revenue.
The cry of lower taxes is always a popular one just
like the cry of higher wages and shorter hours. And it
also usually marks the demagogue. Taxes cannot be low
ered beyond necessary expenses of administration. A
community, like an individual, cannot have improvements
without paying for them. "Waste can be eliminated, when
it exists, public improvements can be stopped, but the
larger items of public expense automatically continue.
Oregon as a state is practically out of debt. A bulletin
just issued by the census bureau covers a period of thirty
veal's. The bonded indebtedness is insignificant; $1000 iu
1890 fell to $Go3 in 1912. No special debt obligations to
public must Funds were recorded. The tloatmg debt
changed considerably from year to year, but remained
small throughout the period, advancing from $070 in 1S90
to $30,000 in 1912. In the case of funds and investments
the securities increased steadily from $1,919,000 in 1890
to $G,491,000 in 1912. The cash fluctuated constantly,
though the general tendencv was to increase; $233,000 in
1890 advanced to $994,000 in 1912.
In 1880 the total debt of
it fell to $2000, but in 1912 amounted to $31,000. The pop
ulation of the state increased from 175,000 in 1S80 to
731,000 in 1912. In 1SS0 the per capita debt was $2.93; in
1890 it fell to $0.01; reaching the maximum, $0.G8, in 1900,
and subsequently declining to $0.04 in 1912.
In contrast with Oregon, we find that, taking the entire
debt .less sinking fund assets) for the forty-eight states,
the per capita debt according to the hitest report is $3.52,
or $3.48 more than the per capita debt of Oregon. Com
paring the decrease in the per capita debt of Oregon and
the forty-eight states for the thirtv-vcar period, we find
that $5.48 fell to $3.52 in the average for the fortv-eight
states, and $2.93 to $0.04 in Oregon.
One of the reasons why Oregon has lagged behind
"Washington and California, is because the state has not
done its rightful and necessary share toward development.
Like the community that kceiw out of debt, the state that
follows the same policy, accomplishes nothing. We have
no state roads, no state railroads, no state harbors. The
individual, the community and the county has been forced
to bear the entire cost of development. Until the past
year, when the state undertook to help finance an irriga
tion project, nothing had been done towards reclamation
work. In the other states the commonwealth co-operates.
For the development of a commonwealth, the co-operation
of individual, of community, of county, of state and
"of federal government is needed. AVo need a governor who
favors constructive instead of destructive policies, who
would have the state lend its credit and wealth to co-operate
with the county in the upbuilding of Oregon not one
who wastes his time catering to the reactionary who
spends a hundred dollars' worth of time howling about
paying ten cents' worth of taxes.
Oregon doesn't need a knocker for governor.
A Itesumo of tiio Iteceut Movement In Municipal 1'olltlcs ami the Salient
Features of Civic lleforiu.
By DeuJ. C. Sheldon, Secretary Medford Charter Commission.
IV. Till: C1TV
In 1011, the Uourd of Trade of
Lockport, K. V., presented to the.
btato legislature 11 hill which would
liuve placed within reach of every
third-class city in the state a greatly
improved form of commission city
government. "Muchiuo" iiillueuce
jn the legislature prevented its. adop
tion. Hut the I.ockpoit I'luu, later
ly and more generally known as the
"city manager" plan, has contributed
n wonderful chapter to the story of
municipal reform. Most careful stu
dents of civic affairs affirm that in
it has at least been found the scien
tific, workable mid really democratic
plan for obtaining efficient ami hon
est municipal administration.
Jtitpld Spread of file
The spread of the commission, plan
was iiiiirvclou. Hut the city innna-
fcr limine una oumii ii,-ii ii fii
h Ihico ycuro since it u fir.t I
UEDFOtttf'torc TnmuNic,
are sinister with threats of
calls for national prohibition,
Oregon was $011,000: in 1890
MAX.tGtilt I'JA.V
proposed in the Lockpoit Hill, it has
mude more substantial progress and
lias culled forth more favorable ex
pert discussion in civic bodies and
magazine and daily press writings,
thun the original commission plan
did in its Urst ten years.
The American city to actually
adopt the plan was Sumpter, S. (',
On adopting its new charter, with
cliarocterifttio American sense, it ad.
vertised for a city inanager. More
than ,')0 applications camo in. A
civil engineer named Woithiugton was
selected. He showed tho advantage
John A. Perl
Lady Aisliunt
I'liOBM M, 47 a 47-71
, I
Awt)iUc Ifcnrlw ! Cmouw
n5Di?onn, onrcaoyr, SATtTniuv, wviuh 2,-,
of his railroad 'training by putting
into of foot n coil and puiohu'dng
system by which he saved more limn
Ills salary on only a few Item. Hy
keeping proper accounts mid cheeks
on city learning, he will save the city
$,'1,000 a year.
H lug
As oould ho expected, tin' Idea
spiend first among the oiliot having
nn opportunity to ob-erve it in ooo-
at-hand operation. Hickory, N. i
adopted the plan with marked sue
ecs. In Staunton. V. n city of
I'J.OOO, n first ols city manager
was employed. HI ol'l'ii'c cost
$1,000 to maintain. He has waved
that much on single contracts. Kor
merly paving cost f.roni $l.7. to $-.-
per yard. Now Staunton docs Its
own paving at from 00 cents to $ l.t!."i
nor yard. In the purchasing depart
incut there Ims been n revolution.
The shortages formerly preveleut arc
ntlrihuted sol el x to Imd business
methods. They like the plan. They
hnve increased the manager's salary
and if the question was up for it vote
again, they would vote nine to one
for tho present system.
Other (Nile
From the south, the movement took
root in Ohio. Immediately nfter the
adoption of the slate wide movement
for home rule, seveml Ohio cities
ied with each other iu gctttug the
new plan into effect. Hut just as
the student of civic reforms saw the
great advnntnge of the plan, so tho
professional politician and "big
business" saw the influence in public
affairs fading into the discard. They
fought the movement fiercely nud
through their efforts some of these
attempt were checked for it time,
notably iu Youngstown and Klyrin.
Springfield with n pomilation of -17,-000
adopted the plan in August 1013.
Dnytou, Ohio
Hut to Dayton belongs credit for
gixiug the idea its greatest impetus,
iu fact it is spoken of as the "Dayton
plan". What hns been heralded far
and wide as the most advanced nud
best city charter on our continent
was adopted by a Inrge mnjority and
put into effect the first of the pres
ent .ear. So far it has more thun
made good. Over n score of cities
have adopted the plan within the past
year, including, I.u flninde, Ore.,
I'hoenix, Aril, nud Whittier, Cal., and
many more are at work on new char
ters with both citiens nud charter
drafters committed to the mnnngcr
plan; Hugeue, Ore., nud Seattle, Wu.,
among them.
A significant nspect of the move
ment is the interest iu tho new feature
by cities already operating under the
original Des Momct, plan. Although
all such cities have witnessed great
improvements in the commission plan
over tho old order, , the interest in
civic affairs law been so wakened,
that they seek the best and nre turn
ing to the city manager plan as the
Inst word iu municipal government.
Tneoinn, Wash., (ins for four years
had u charter on the Des Moines dIiwi.
It has worked wonderful impmw
menU but still leaves the city's ad
ministration far from right. To quote
tho Mayer: "There is too much log
rolling nnd trading. Instead of one
government we have five, each one
objectine- to th control of tho coun
cil itself." He comes out definitely
for ndopting the city manager fea
ture; nud the eiio bodies and citi
zens generally support him in the
stand. Tneoinn it not alone. .Many
other commission governed cities nre
studying and considering the addi
tion of this feature, notably Colo,
rado Springs and Dallas.
Secure Sufficient Government
The frnmers of tho commission
plan, realizing that thu great evils
in our city government grew out of
the luck of responsiveness of offi
cials to popular will, devised means
in thu short ballot, non-partisan elcc
tiotw ut large and tho initiative, re
ferendum nnd recall, to make offi
cials rcully tesponsivo. The plan
did that. Hut it did not secure an
efficient and economical administra
tion. It cut out graft, it built up
popular interest in civic affairs, it
brought people and officials closer
together, but it did nut provide for
expert service. It is on the oxeeu
tivo side that the city manager plan
introduces a real change. The or
diuary commission plan makes each
commissioner the heud of an ojiorat
ing department. It was therefore a
fivchcaded nlfaic h it worked out.
I lie oily manager plan changes that.
While retaining all the esscnlinl ele
ments of tho original plan, it adds one
providing ellieieut mlmiiiistratioti.
And it did it in thu simplest way im
aginable. J'or its model, it went to
the successful largo corporation,
which has built n j an immense busi
ness and crowded out competitors
Time now to. arrange for
Codling Moth Spray. "Wo
start this week. First in
first sprayed. Phono 775.
Orchard Care
Mainour. ,
mlnistralive orguiiirutlon.
Tho oily nmnagcr Is appointed by
the council; ho theiefoio does not
divide responsibility with it, hut Is
subotdinuto to it. lie is not chosen
for it definite term but as long as ho
gives satisfaction.
Mnnngcr nn Kxcrt
The plan differs from oidinnry
commission plan only in providing
that the actual work of administer
ing should he delegated. jo an expert
manager. For the highest efficiency
city iidmiulstrution Must1 bo put oh n
professional basis, Such officers
should be chosen nud iclnlncd on
grounds of merit In respect to the
ndiulnislrntiui work required. This
is prevented by tho old commission
plan and provided by the city milling,
or plan. The interest of tho people
is nhnot.1 cutiicly in, seeming ten I
Irenresoiitution. They want their
kind of men iu the city hall. Need
less to say such men may be excellent
representatives but not good admin
istrative officials. They hick tho
specific training, experience and ad
aptation, llow many of tho average
eilirens of tho United Slates could
vote intelligently on it choice of n
chief engineer to have charge of a
comprehensive program for making
(ho Mississippi liner open to deep
water iiavagntionT Or for the posl.
tiou of chief sanitary officer for the
canal xoiio? The principle applies
eon more closely iu city government.
To get the highest efficiency iu such
nn officer, delegate his selection and
retention to a small body such as the
commission which is iu n position to
investigate the qualification, and to
xvn tch the work of such officer, and
hold the commission strictly rcpoii
sib! for tho manager's efficiency.
I'ndor the old plan, u real objec
tion was found in the tendency to
intcr-ilepartinent trading. A com
missioner wanting his own way iu his
department, will not object to tho
other commissioners doing as they
wish in theirs, (lood team work did
not develop under that plan. Fur
thermore It often happens that the
commission as a whole ordered a cer
tain piece of work done to which the
commissioner Inning charge of that
department objected. The work could
bo ordered, but the man charged with
doing it could not be directed nor
Adopting the city manager feature
solved nil problems. It be
comes a stable single-headed admin
istrative establishment with expert
service at tho command of real rep
resentatives of tho people. The
plan filters everything through a
group. It reduced th cpersotial
cqiiasiou. A single man may have
his tips nud downs, freaks and fan
cies, natural bents nnd inclinations,
his ct departments and projects. A
board or commission hns nolle of
these; to u group such excesses arc
relative impossible.
Universally Applicable
The plan is universally applicable
because of its flexibility. Tlie board
can be small in small cities, large iu
large ones. It is adjustable to il
liages nnd to the city of New Yolk.
Private corporations nre both xery
small and very large and are all run
successfully on the same plan. The
usual school board with a profes
sional superintendent is another par
allel. Attracts C,wk Men
Fuilhcrmoro good men will net ns
directors wheru they will not give
most of their time in administering
a department more or less foreign to
thir exHrienecs nud prediction!.
Tho idea also appeals; that this plan
may spread and develop a fine pro
fc.ssiou of municipal administrators,
such as is found iu the justly famous
Herman cities where the itiirgomeU
tors who succeed in small cities uro
summoned to larger ones at increased
salaries, with Munich and Merlin as
tho highest goal of their aiubitioils,
A coiisuiuntiou devoutely to be
Children aro taken Into tho ICiik
llih mills as half-timers ut 12 years
of ago, providing thoy have niailo 300
attondunco at school lu five years,
IX Theatre
"Mutual Movies" are tin;
best and are better than thf!
best of the rest. Daily
ehange. Matinee and even
A 2-reel Somi-Biographieid
JC. Ji. Film :
"Komic" comedy
A bountiful heart interest
drama Jieliitueu
"Our Mutual Girl" (Norma
Phillips;, every Monday and
Tuesday. Dim't miss it.
through sheer excellence of Its
While there arc no thrills In tho
narration of Mrs. I'. T. .NMehot. ilJII
llroiul Ht . Ilelolt, Wis,, her story Is
nevertheless one of itmitMtiiK intercut.
"Stricken with neuralgia and cosine.
Ins 1 lost all my htr. My doctor
recommended Nowhro'ti llornlchlo, I
usVd six or eight bottles anil now nno
a fine, head of slightly curly Hunt
brown hair. Not. a grnr imtr In my
head. This Is the more lumnrUhlo
4 ,1 niu mldillo-ugcd."
While tho results which follow tho
iiio of Nowhru'H llerplchlo nro nl
ways- more or lens nstouistitnit. they
nfo nlwnn natural, llornlehlo de
stroys tho dandruff, stimulated tho
flow or blood to tho hair follicles and
keeps tho scalp perfectly healthy. It
Catch Nature Charms
With a Camera
The alley Is filled with beauty Why not catch and retain these liesu-j
tlful scenes so that they may bo yours for nil lliuoT I'hotgitrrtphle expor-j
lenee Is aluntilo to any ono and afford a most Interesting dUcmlou,
With a modern camera you can bo successful from tho start, A few i
minutes' Instruction will enable you to du good work, Wo sell
U you want some special camera not curried lu stork, wu shall bo Kt !
to order It for you without extra cost.
Come lu and hate a camera talk nud get tho latest Idea,
Medford Pharmacy
Star Theatre
Daniel Frohman presents the noted fharactrr aetress
"The Lady of Quality"
Appealing Majestic Impressions i'rodueed by
"Famous Phayor Co."
The Calliope Trio
Comedy HarmonySingers
A (luarauieed Attraction
Price $825 F. O. B. Medford
The Sensation of the Year
Surprisingly easy-riding.
Surprisingly light weight, being uboiil Kill) pound-., This iiicniin
low cost of maintenance.
Compare the equipment with that ol' nny other small cur ut
atiywheiu near the price,
Vj'hX I'j-inch motor.
Itciujivahlo cylinder heads,
Sims Hunch magneto (high ten
sion,. Unit power plant
Kciui-ciliptio spiings nil around.
lO.'Muoh wheel huso,
IIOxM'j-iiich ill es all aiouiid.
Cons Clulcli, Hunting icar uxle,
Left. Hand Steer, Center Control,
nut lies possible a natural nud luxu
riant growth of hair, except lu envcu
of chronic, baldness,
Wlillo leiuedles said to ho "every
bit as good" iih Newbro'H llnrplcldo
aro frciiueiitly offered, ono should In.
slut iiinn having "tho original genu
destroyer," lleridcldo. Thin U gen
uine, It stops Itching ot (ho scalp
almost Instantly.
Nowhro's llerplcldo lu fiUo nud
II.UU slues Is sold by nil dealers who
guarantee II to do all that Is claimed.
If you aro not satisfied your money
will ho refunded,
Applications may ho nhtaturul at
good barbershops. Send too III post
uko for sainplo to Tho llerplcldo Co.,
Dept It., Detroit, Mich,
I'rcsl.O.l.ilo lank.
I.argu headlights
Stewart speedometer
Folding glass front,
Top with .lil'fy Cm tains.
Toiiiicau of sufficient sl.o
sent three people,
Tire-holder, tools, etc.