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About Southern Oregon mail. (Medford, Or.) 1892-1893 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1892)
IS TffK OFFICIAL PAP BR OF
THE - FARMERS' ALLIANCE
AND PEOPLE'S PARTY t OF
Do yen study your bt lnter
eits aod puiroalze this papr. It
will be appreciated by oil u-e baat
farmer?, from whom you t trace.
A . .Paper Of, ' By ' a hd For the People!
MEDFORD; OREGON; FRIDAY, SEPT. 2, mi.
SOCIETIES OF MEDFORD.
K. of P. Talisman lodge No. 31, meets Mon
day evening at 8 p.m. Visiting brothers al
ways welcome. M. W. Skeel, C. C.
J. A. Warm a. K. of R. & S.
A. O. U. W. LodRe No. W. meets every sec
ond and fourth Tuesday in the month at S p. m.
in their hall in the opera block. Visiting
Brothers invited to attend.
J. A. Whiteside, W. m.
G. F. Merrim as, Recorder.
I. O. O. P. Lodge No. . meets In I. O. O. F.
hall every Saturday at at S p.m. Visiting
brothers always Welcome.
D. S. YOUSGS, N. G.
A. C Nicholson, Rec Sec
I. O. O- F. Rogne River Encampment. Lodge
No. 30. meets in J. O. O. F. hall the second and
ourlh Wednesdays of each month at 8 p. m.
W. I. Vawtkk, C. P.
B. S. Webb, Scribe.
Olive Rebekah Lod- No. SS. meets in I. O.
O. F. hall first and third Tuesdays of each
month. Visiting sisters invited to attend.
Mrs. D. S. Yoongs, N.O.
A. C. Nicholson. Sec
A. F. i A. M. Meets first Friday on or be
fore fall moon at 8 p. m.. in A. O. U. W. hall.
N. L. Xakkbgax, W. M.
J. S. Howard. Sec
J. A. R. Chester A. Arthur Post No. 47
meets in G. A. R. hall every second aud fourti
Thursdays in eacZi month at ?:30 p. M.
S. C Noble. Com.
J. H. Fasts. Adjt.
F. A. & I. TJ- L. L. Polk lodge No. 2S3, meet.
every Tuesday at 8 p. m.
G. 8. Briggs, Pres.
Epworth League meets each Sunday even
in; at 6:30. D. T. Lavton, president, Julis
Young People's Literary meets Friday even
ing of each week, under the auspices of thi
W. C. T. TJ- Meetsat Christian church ever
Monday evening at 7 p. m.
Mrs. a. a. Kellogg, Pres.
Mas. E. P. Haxxosd, Sec'y. ,
Y. M C. A. Meets every Sunday at 3 p m
at M. E. church. W. S. IIallv, Pres.
M. E. Ricbv, Sec
Secretaries of above lodges will please attend
to corrections. Any society wishing to have
place in this directory will please hand in nec
CHURCHES OF MEDFORD.
Methodist Episcopal Church E. E Tbomp
son. paster. Services the second and fourtl
Sabbatf s; 'norninff. II a. m,. evening. 7:30 p. m
Prayer meeting at 3 p. ra. Thursdav. Sundaj
school each Sunday as 10 a. m. A. L. Johnson,
superintendent. v (: ... - : . '.'
Christian Church P. R. Burnett, pastor.
Preaching Grst and .third Sundays in month
morning and evening. Worship every Sunday
morning. Sunday school at 10 a. m, Prayci
meeting every Thursday evening.
Presbyterian Chnrcn F. J. Edmund, pas
tor. Preaching at ll a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Sun
day school at HI a. m. . Y. P. S. C. K.. 6:15 p. m
Baptist Chnrch is at' preset t without a r-as
tor. Prayer meeting every "Wednesday even
ing. Sunday school at 10 a. to Further notice
given as soon as pastor is secured.
The pastors of the different churches are re
quested lo attend to corrections.
EB. PICKEL, -
Physician "and Scrgeon
Office: Rooms 23, I.O.O.F. Eldg
Physician and Scrgeon.
Office: In Childers' Block.
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: Cor. C and 7th sts, ; .
Physician and Surgeon.- -
Medford, Oregon. .
Office: Hamlin block, up stairs.
R. O. F. DEMOREST,
Makes a specialty of first-class
work at reasonable rates.
Office in opera house, Medford, Or
TJOBT. A. MILLER-
Att'y and Counsellor-at-law.
Will practice in all courts of the
-. State. '
Abstractor and Attorney
Office in bank building. Have the
most complete and reliable ab
stracts of title in ' Jackson county
Attorney and Counsellor-
Office: In Opera block.
AUSTIN S. HAMMOND,
OflSce: I.O.O.P. Building.
A FAIR STATEMENT.
FREE SILVER COINAGE MEANS RELIEF
The Government from I70O to 1873
Coined Silver a It Does (Said What
. Wanld Happen If 8Uvr Wa Placed In
ita Old PoalUon.
SeveraJ readers send a request for in
formation on tha silver question. They
ask what the "free and unlimited coin
age of silver" means, and "wherein it
irould benefit the masses of our 65,000,
000 of peopltw hovr mnch it wonkl in
crease the circulating medium, and what
effect it would hare on general trade;
and would it not benefit the raining
state at the expense of the others?"
They ask also what is the amount of
money in circulation.
The free and unlimited coinage of sil
ver means that the United States mints
shall coin all the silver brought to them
at no other charge than the cost of coin
age, which is a trine, any owner of the
metal being allowed to deposit it at the
mint and have it coined on his account
or receive at once its value in silver
money already coined.
The mints do this now with gold, and
from 1780 to 187S they did it likewise
with silver. In other words, the free
coinage of both metals was the role and
practice from the establishment of the
mint down to 1873 eighty-three years
when silver was practically demonetized
by being dropped from the coinage.
Five years later, in 1878, under 'the
Bland-Allison act, the right of coinage
was partially restored, and a - limited
amount of silver not less than $2,000,
000 nor more than $4,000,000 a month
wae authorized to be coined on the ac
count of the government, the govern
ment buying the metal at its commer
cial price, about seventy-three to eighty
cents for the dollar's worth, and there
by making twenty to twenty-seven cents
on every dollar coined. -
This practice prevailed till 1890, when
the existing Sherman bullion act was
passed, which stopped the coinage of sil
ver dollars entirely, and at present gold
is the only one of the two metals allowed
to be coined.
The ratio of silver to gold in this coun
ty is sixteen to one sixteen ounces of
silver being equal in value to one ounce
of gold but owing to the increased de
mand for gold in Earope consequent on
the demonetization of silver, the increas
ing consumption of it in the arts, and
the insufficient production of it in the
world, that metal has become valnablo
above the ratio, and at this time gold is
worth (1.30 to the dollar in silver. The
practical effect of this is to increase all
funded debts 30 per cent., or, which is
the same thing, to reduce the prices of
all products and property SO per cent., a
reerdt which falls upon all producing
and deutor classes and interests.
If silver coinage were made free this
prexaiam on funded indebtedness would
disappear, silver would become the
standard for measuring debts, since the
debtor would have restored to him the
option of paying in gold or silver, and
the prices of all products would be pro
portionately advanced. There won'd
follow also an increase of the supply of
money in circulation for all the silver
that might be o flared at the mints would
be coined into money instead of bang
used, as now. as a basis for bullion cer
tificates. The more good metal money
gold and silver a country has the bet
ter for the people, for the invariable
effect of an abundant supply is to stimu
late enterprise, facilitate that inter
change of products which we call traSic,
increase production and multiply com
forts among the people, whereas scarcity
of money, as every one knows, is at
tended by stagnation, inactivity and
hard times.' .
The silver product of our own mines
in 1891 is estimated at 58,830,000 rmncos,
worth, at is coining value, (55,4SI,oC5,
but at .its commercial value only $57,
630.010.' The difference, "over $17,000,
000, was a Joss to the Bilver producing
states." The passage of a free silver
coinage act would raise their silver
product from its commercial to ita coin
ing value, an increase of about SO per
cent., but the silver states would not be
the only beneficiaries of the measure,
for it would destroy, the gold premium
of 80 per cent, on tha fG.000,000,000 in
funded indebtedness of one kind and an
other resting on the people, and paya
ble, first and last, in the products of
their labor. It would accomplish this
by restoring to them the right, taken
away from them in 1973, of paying in
the cheaper of the two metals, which is
silver, 412 grains to the dollar, instead
of being compelled, as they now are, to
pay in gold, or in silver and paper
valued by the gold standard of $1.80 to
It is true silver is still a legal tender,
and a debtor may pay his obligations to
any amount in silver, silver certificates,
greenbacks or bank notes; but all paper
money is redeemable in silver, and sil
ver is measured, not by the ancient
original silver dollar, as it ought to be,
bnt in gold for the government, under
the Bland-Allison act, coined the silver
which it bought for $1 into $1.80, thereby
forcing the people to pay in labor, or the
products of their labor, $1.30 for every
silver dollar they get. .
Free silver coinage, on a perfect
equality with gold coinage, as it existed
for the eighty-three years prior to 1873,
is the only remedy top this injustice." It
would indeed practically take off 30 per
cent, from all fnnded 'debts; but this
would only be taking off what was
wrongfully put on, aud making debts
payable at 100 cents to the dollar in
stead 130 cents to the dollar, as now.
Another effect of it would be to advance
the price of labor, products and property
by measuring them in silver instead of in
dear gold. Southern Allianco Farmer.
Fifteen daily papers in Colorado, to
say nothing about the vast number of
weeklies, have indorsed the Omaha
ticket. The great enthusiasm in the
state will surpass the tidal wave that
nreyt over Kansas two years ago. ,
SOME REASONS WHY.
A Sound Statement of the Objects of the
. In taking upon ourselves the responsi
bilities of political reform and the for
mation of a new party, we should feel
assured that the necessity exibts, and
especially should we be certain that the
platform of principles enunciated by the
new party will insure the perpetuation
of a republican form of government and
contains the elements of a speedy cor
rection of the evils complained of.
Does the necessity for a new party ex
ist? Let the conditions of the country
at large answer. From Maine to Cali
fornia and from Michigan to Florida
comes tho cry of stagnation in trade,
financial distress, a fast increasing pop
ulation of . paupers, with grim visaged
want lurking in every city, town and
village. These are the conditions which
surround us, appealing for redress, and
there is none so bold as to donbt the
evidences of his own personal knowl
In a country like ours, with all the ele
ments of prosperity inherent in climate,
soil and citizen, with an unbroken chain
of twenty -five years of unprecedented
yield of farm, mine and loom, no ade
quate reason for existing conditions can
be assigned except in vicious legislation.
To the thinking mind this is self evident.
There is no natural cause for the want
of prosperity in the United States, and
the responsibility for present conditions
must rest upon the leaders of the two
old parties which have been charged with
the administration of the government
conjointly for the last twenty yeurs.
Neither can escape or dodge the record
they have made. Our general laws are
the result of their united work, and
each will have to face the history as it
has been made.
The three great questions upon which
they agree involve all of tho active
economic polity of our government. Tc
vicious and corrupt legislation on these
three questions is attributable in the
main our present deplorable condition;
and the history cf and the declarations
through their national platforms make
it absolutely certain that there is nc
hope of relief or reform through eithei
of the old parties; hence tho necessity
for a new party, organized for the spe
cial purpose of obtaining the enactment
of laws corrective of the abuses com
Are the demands of the new party
based upon just and sound democratic
principles, and are they in conformity
with the federal constitution aud tha
genius of our government? Will lacy
bring (If enacted into law) the relief
sought? Tl"ac are ail questions that
should bo answired and we confidently
believe have been time and again
through the reform prwa and from the
The position of the party on transpor
tation is but the logical sequence of the
policy of government control, and needs
only to be stated to become apparent to
all thinking men.
On taxation reformers hold that those
who own and control the wealth aro the
greatest beneficiaries of good govern
ment, and should be made to contribute
to its support in proportion to their
benefits. That a thorough revision cf
present methods of taxation as now ad
ministered is needed is patent to all.
The tax rolls of every county in the
United States furnish that proof.
They are a blasting and withering ar
gument against the present tax laws,
and furnish strong proof in favor of just
and equal distribution of governmental
burdens in this direction. Southern
Sooner Than Ton Think.
"" Some think it almost a hopeless task
to expect anything ia tho way of na
tional legislation in the nest few years
from the reform movement.. This is a
very mistaken idea. It is very liire'.y
that 'tho People's party and its sympa
thizers will have a majority in the hortc
before long, perhnps hold the balance of
power in the next session of congr??.
At present the senate has eiglity-ei;;ht
members forty-sev6n Republicans, thirty-nine
Democrats send two People's
party men. So to bold the balance of
power the. reform element only has to
gain a few members. ' The terms of
twenty-nine senators expire next winter
and two vacancies are to be filled. It is
possible that a large portion of these
will bo filled by reform men. To do
this good legi natures should bo elected,
especially in every state having senators
Nothing is required but plenty of
work. Every man should eeo to it tha;
plenty of work is done. Timidity and
inactivity will not do anything. Pro
Only Eight Totee.
Of all the Republican members in the
present houso ji' representatives but
eight voted for the Stewart free coinago
bill. All the rest votod against it.
If this vote fairly represents the pro
portion in the Republican party favora
ble to free coinage, then Colorado Re
publicans should desert not only Harri
son, but the party, at once and forever,
for it would make it plain that Repub
lican voters in other states were prac
tically unanimous against free coinage.
...But the vote dors not fairly or at all
represent the strength of. the free coin
age ; Republicans. It does represent,
however, the power of a hostile presi
dent to make cowards of weak hearted
but well meaning members of congress
belonging ; to the president's party.
Rocky Mountain News.
! " ", '-
A One Man Party.
In the consideration of the Stewart
free silver bill by tho house, the Ameri
can people have been treated to a spec
tacle of one man power, such as they
have never before witnessed.
It was the wish of Cleveland that the
Dcmocratio house should not have a
square vote on silver, and it was for this
reason alo'uo that a motion for its ini
mcdiato consideration was defeated.
TI48 action of the house leaves tho bill
at the foot of the calendar where it
wfll sleep forever. 3oailiern Alliance
Farmer., : ; . r :; ;
WOMEN OF THE PEOPLE'S PARTY.
BInch of the Movement' Saccesa tu Kn
as Is Due to Their Enthusiasm.
Annie L. Diggs writes in Tho Arena
of the women who are influencing poli
tics in the west, particularly in Kansas.
Speaking of the beginning of the revo
lution which overthrew ex-Senator In
galls, she says:
Politics for the furnior bad been recre
ation, relaxation or even exhilaration,
according to the varying degree of hia
interest or of honor flatteringly bestowed
by town committeemen upon a "solid
yeoman" at caucus or convention. The
flush of pride over being selected to
make u nominating speech or the sense
of importance consequent upon being
placed on a resolution committee to ac
quiesce in tho prepared document eon
venieutly at baud these high honors
lightened much muddy plowing aud hot
But the farmers' wives participated in
no such ecstasies. lience for them no
blinding party ties. And therefore, when
investigation turned on tho light, the
women spoke right out in mooting, de
manding explanation for the nonap
pearance of U10 home market for tho
farm products, which their good hus
bands had been prophesying and prom
ising would follow the upbuilding of
protected industries. These women in
the Alliance, grown apt in keeping closo
accounts from lung economy, cost eyes
over tho long account of promises of
official managing public business, and
said, Promise and performance do not
balance." "Of what vaiuo are conven
tion honors, or even elected eloquence in
the national Capitol, if homelossccs
must be our children's heritage?"
The great political victory of the peo
ple of Kansas would not have been wou
without tho help of the women of the
Alliance. Women who never dreamed
of becoming public shakers grew elo
quent in their zeal and fervor. Farm
ers' wives and daughters roee earlier
and worked later to gaiu time lo cook
the picnic dinners, to paint the maV.ocs
on the banners, to practice with tha
glee clubs, to mcrch in procession.
Jesh El. lings' saying that "wiinmin is
everywhere" was literally truo in that
wonderful picr.-iciiing. speechruaking
Alliance summer of ISO.
Before this question of tho salvation
of the imperiled homes cf the nation all
other questions, whether ef "prohibi
tion" or "sulrage," pile into relative in
consequence. For where shall temper
ance or high thought of franchise be
taught the children, by whose breath
the world is saved, if saered hearth fires
shall go out? The overtopping, all em
bracing moral question of the age is
this for which the Alliance came. Upon
such great ethical foundation is the la
bor movement of today buildic itsolf.
Eow cor.ld women do otherwise Uiaa be
in and of it?
A Continued Ovation la Colorado.
The, tour of Gerjeral James B. "Weaver,
the People's nominee for president,
across Colorado was a series of constant
ovations. In no campaign of any kind
in this state has a candidate ever been
received with so many and so genuine
demonstrations of enthusiasm and ao
many pledges of support. In Denver he
filled the largest audKorinm in the fit y
for two eucee?sive ovenings, thousands
finding it impossible to gain entrance to
the coliseum. At Puebio the snticions
mineral palace could cot hold tho throng
that flocked to hear him. At Le.tdv!lle
two meetings wore necessary fat order
that lbs miners might bear the only
candidate who is pledged to sign a freo
coinage bill." At Aspen the welcome
given him by tho Pitkin county miners
surpassed anything ever seen in the way
of a political demonstration in the state.
At Grand Junction the farmers and
fruit growers of the Grand valley gave
evidence of theirdevotion to the silver
cause by an enthusiastic greeting to tho
champion of free coinage. All along
bis route, at Canyon City.Saliua. Buenn
Vista, Glen wood Springs and Newcastle,
the People's nominee .was received with
unusual demonstrations of elcom.
No such triumphal tour was over beforo
made by any political candidate in tho
Rocky mountain country.
Amid all these demonstrations Gen
eral Weaver has borne himself with n
courtesy and a dignity that has gained
for him the respect and confidence even
of his opponents. His speeches have
been frank and able tnd mauly. Hia
arguments have made a visible impres
sion on tho people of the state. They
cannot bo answered by calling him a
"worn out politician" or a "deino
gogue." Rocky Mountain News.
Thm Women at Oxnafaa.
The women of the Oinalia convention
constitute a factor in this great contro
versy that cannot be forgotten. It was
a great political convention that knew
no discrimination on account of sex.
Women were there occupying scat and
doing work as accredited and accepted
delegates. Not only this, but broad -tniuded,
able and earnest women wero
there who did valiant and successful
work in fashioning and determining the
deliberations of the delegates. From
the south and the west and tho middle
states aye, and from tho east also tho
women of America were at Omaha.
They were thore, first of all, to recognizo
present conditions and to lay on tho altar
all they have and are for industrial
emancipation. The Omaha convention
gave to womon equal and exact justica
with men, awl in return every woman
in the land should k.ive all her support
to the platform and nominees of tho
Omaha couvention. Nonconformist.
-.- The Faellng In Colorado. '
' - If somo of tho Denver editors who sro
claiming a majority of 12,000 for Harri
son would come up here and talk with
the people they would quickly change
their tune, as ovevy one seems to bo
against the eld tickets. If tho election
was held tomorrow wo do not think
eithor of the old tickets would poll fifty
votes in Summit county, and are of the
opinion that this estimate would hold
food in many other mountain counties,
ho ..silver people are in it. TjtUon
polo.) Enterprise. .,..;,.-..
Then and Now.
Editor Southern eregon Mall:
Those who do not look deeper
than surface indications in our pre
sent political upheaval, must fail to
be sufficiently imbued with the
spirit of our undertaking.
While we want more money, bet
ter facilities for transportation, a
more equitable adjustment of our
land laws and our mode of taxation,
we must remember that those, great
as they are in themselves, are only
means to a desired end, aud that
end is the progress of our race in
Social Development and Sell Gov
ernment. Several times in the history of
our race have we reached similar
conditions to those which now con
front us, and as often have we re
treated, unable to- pass them and
to gather new strength from the ex
perience of our defeat. '
The particular reasons of our de
feat have been numerous but have
chiefly focalized in this fact, that
our predecessors had no definite
conception of their wants and hence
no definite or well defined mode of
action thereto. Experience taught
them that evils were prevalent, and
that misery abounded, but the ex
act cliaractor of those evils were un
known, as also a precise idea of the
good sought in their endeavor to ex
tricate thelnsclvcs from those evils
or even to mider them endurable;
they brought upon themselves often
worse evils and greater burdens to
be borne.with its consequent retro
grade movement in the problem of
We are again at the threshold of
this "new era" a higher development
:of the social and political '"warp and
j wool of human progress. .
The '"child of promise' (a perfect
j sclf-governincni with perfect cqual
I ity before the law) "has come to
, the birth" will there Le strength to
! bring forth?
j Our strength for the progress of
jour work lies not in brute force, but
'in well-directed intellicer.ee. It is
, iiot enough that intelligence even of!
j the nigliest order be present, there
; must be with it a well-directed ef
! fort to the end sought,
i We have many things in our fr-
! vour over our predecessors, and first
the intellectual status of the masses
; of our people, enables them to grasp
; definitely what we want; second
the obstacles in our way. and third
; the means to be used to the end
' bought, whether with this knowl-
;edga, we shall be able to succeed is
jyet the unknown quantity i:i our
problem ; we hope to!
" Wc are not insensible to the
; greatness of our undertaking or to
j the crvstalued barriers of the cen-
turies in our way or to the powers
J of darkness and enthroned wicked-
j ness in hih places, but against all
J these, wc dare wage battle. Both
of our enemies, the G. O. P. s, pro
fess to be the champions of human
rights and the world's progress. If
that is so, then their methods to ac
complish their much desired end,
having proved not onlv aboitive or
good, but a mighty engine for evil,
should bv them lie abandoned, yet
on the contrary they profess not to
even desire a change but arc satis
fied to work their old system still.
and like the old school Dr.'s of 50
years ago, have but on remedy for
all our ills, ' bleeding" (the laborer)
and this occurs to me to have more
than one meaning.
While a few men have amAssed
vast fortunes in the recent past, tho
great masses, financially, have gone
from bad to worse, as labor strikes
everywhere and increased acreage
of mortgages abundantly prove.
lience a remedy, if one is to be
found, is not found in the folds of
either of the two Old Parties, and
indeed if we take their estimates of
each other's virtues (and who dnres
give them the lie in this matter) we
can wipe out our pen and rest
awhile, for certainly they can do
each other justice.
Wo are often told bv platform
and press that the platform of the
I . IV is chimerical, that we have
made no record thereon, or for that
matter on anything else and how
can we expect a following! Well
we are going to make one and we 11
drive one stake next November and
if wo can't make n better record
than the G. O. P.'6 havo for the last
twenty-five years, certainly we shall
deserve the anuthames and male'
dictions of all coming generations
and shall be remembered in his
tory only "for the good to grieve at
and tho - vain to seofT at." There
fore let every true friend of human
itv put his shoulder to ths wheel,
come into the P. P. ranks and vote
for Weaver and Field.
i Iba Wakkfield.
The Eastern Headquarters.
Boston, Aug. 24. The national
executive committee of the people's
ptirty has boon called to meet in
New York tomorrow to establish
Eastern headquarters, and to tho
roughly organize tho party in ,Nev
York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
Maryland and Now lingland states
Davis & Pottenger,
-o Dealers In o-
GROCERIES, CROGKERY, GLASSWARE,
CMiware, Mi & Morare.
GOOD GOODS AND LOW PRICES.
GIVE US A TXaAJL
Free Delivery to Any Part of the City.
FIRST DOOR WEST OF POSTOFFICE.
1 DEALERS Cf 1
BEEF, PORK, MUTTON AND VEAL
Constantly on hand. Sausages a Specialty.
MEDFORD. : : OREGON.
TOTS' pimswepoL BOOKS,
Call and examine our new stock of Artiste' Material.
JflS. fl. Sll0ER G0.,
DRUGGISTS OF MEDFORD.
Xijht Bell on Dcor Prescriptions Compounded.
ADKINS. & WEBB,
SHELF AND HEAVY HABWABE.
Stoves, Tin & Willow Ware. CYCONS and HOOSIER PUMPS. Ete
SJff" Every article
l IV I la-11
Uli G. COOPER, Pvop.,
Medford, - Oregon.
First-class Board liy lie Day, M or Monti)
Centrally Located, West
THE - MEDFORD - BRICK - YARDS,
G. W. PRIDDY, PROP.
140,000 Brick on Hand. First Class Quality- Isrcs and Small
Orders Promptly Filled.
Bmek Wotk of fill Kinds
Hccutaa nifl ististawion. uive u a urn .
1 1 1 w
bears a guarantee.
Side of the S. P. R. R. Depot.