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About Southern Oregon mail. (Medford, Or.) 1892-1893 | View Entire Issue (June 3, 1892)
THE - MAIL -
IS THE OFFICIAL PAPER OF
THE , FARMER ALLIANCE
AN1 PEOPLE S - PARTY - OF
Do you study your best Inter
ests and patrouUe this paper. It
will be appreciated by all the bmt
farm en, (rum whom you get trails..
' " : ; 1 ".' . .. . A Paper Of, By and For the People! .
VOL. IV. MEDFORD: OREGON, FRIDAY, JUNE 3, 1892. " NO. 22.
Adopted by the 'People's' Party, at
, Oregon City, On March 16, 1892.
Preamble: "Ax-isjcrt to one is thi CON
CERN OF ALL."
I. We demand a national currency, issued by
the general government only, a full legal tender
for all debts, public and private, and that with
out the use of banking corporations, be distrib
uted direct to the people at not to exceed two
per cent tax; as set forth in the sub-treasury of
the Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union,
and at the St. lMuis conference, and land loans.
or somk better system ; also by payments in
discharge of the government's obligations for
- public improvements.
We demand the free and unlimited coinage of
' silver, and we denounce the practice of the
government buying und storing bullion.
That the medium of exchange or currency
be based upon the wealth and law making
power of the country, and that we demand that
' the amountof the circulating medium be speed
ily increased to not less than $M) per capita.
- We demand that postal savings banks be es
tablished by the government for the safe de
posit of the earnings of the people and to facili
9. The land, including all the natural sources
of wealth, is the heritage of all the people, and
should not be monopolized for speculation pur
poses, and alien ownership of land should be
prohibited. -All lands now held by railroads
and other corporations, in excess of their actual
, Beeds.and all lands now owned by aliens should
be reclaimed by the government and held for
actual settlers only, and that any settlers who
may have acquired lands of such corporations
be proteotednn their rights to their homes and
in the sums paid to snch corporations.
3. Transportation bcinga means ot exchange
and a public necessity, the government should
' own and operate the railroads in the interests
of the people; and until such ownership can be
acquired, we demand the abolition of the rail
road commission and the establishment of a
maximum rate law within the state, and that
the present ratss be reduced one-third.
Toe telegraph and telephone, like the post
office system, being a necessity for the trans
mission of news, should be owned by the gov-
eminent in the interest of the people.
- We demand that all moneys asked and appro
' priated for the improvement -of the. Columbia
, river be spent in building and operating a rail
road parallel with the river, .said road to be
owned by the government and run at cost.
We demand that all national revenue shall be
' raised by -a 2 percent tax on money loaned by
the government, and a graduated property tax.
. No exemption for indebtedness should be al
lowed, cciess the person' claiming such exemp
tion, should give in a corresponding taxable
a. Whereas. The working people are en-
- tirely under sunjection to the plutocracy, which
compels one portion of them to work too many
hours, and thereby increasing the army of the
unemployed; therefore be it
"- Besolyed, That we demand that our legisla
ture pass a law defining eight hours as a iegal
day's work in factories, mines, shops and pub
lic works. And also that we recoguue the
Knights of Labor in their controversy with the
Rochester Clothing Company.
That wc are unalterably opposed to the Pink
ertons, or like organizations, ever enlericg our
- That alcohol, in any form, shall be sold only
by state agents, said goods to be pure and sold
at cost, without profit to the agents, and shall
not be drunk within the building nor within
sixty feet of the place where delivered nor in
any place of resort of gamin;, thus abolbhing
license, the saloon in society and the saloon in
politics. That the national government shall
not license the sale of any alcoiioiis sub
stance in any states legally prohibiting the
sales thereof, nor shall it in any way interdict
or interfere with such prohibitory laws.
7. Resolved, That we alhrm our unqualified
adherence to the doctrine of equal rights to all-
' special privileges to Rone, and that wt will
never cease our enorts till every citizen shall
stand before the lav equal in intellectual,
moral and civil privileges.
8. We demand the passage of a law which
will preveut the immigration of Chinese to thr
a We demand that the state publish the
school books and sell the same to the people at
' to.. That county officials be paid a stipulated
. salary. -
'-II. We object to the government having any
thing to do with the Nicaraugua canal, unless
it owns and ope razes the same at cost.
12. Resolved. Taat we arc ia favor of elect
ing all officers by a direct vote of the people.
13. We demand that the government issue
legal tender notes and pay the onion soldiers
between the price of the depreciatdd money ia
which he was paid in sold. ' -
Physician and Surgeon
-. Medford, Oregon.
Office : Rooms 2 & 3. 1.O.O.F. Bldg
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: In Childers Block.
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: Cor. C and 7th sts, .
Physician and Surgeon.
Office: ' Hamlin block, up stairs.
R. O. F. DEMOREST,
Makes a specialty of first-class
work at reasonable rates. :
Office in opera house, Medford, Or
BOBT. A. MILLER
Att'y and Counsellor-at-law.
Will practice in all courts of the
Abstractor and Attokney-
At-Law. . ...
- ; V Medford, Oregon.
Office in bank building. Have the
most complete and reliable ab
stracts of title in Jackson co unty
f LLARD CRAWFORP.
. -' - -At-Law. -
. Office: In Opera block.
i I USTIN S-HAMMOND,
. Office ; J O O.F, Building,
To be torn off by the Chairman.
For Supreme Judge.
12. A. S. Bennett, of The Dalles
13. F. A. Mooro. of St. Helens
14. W. H. WALKER, of Oregon City
15. Benjamin P. 'Welch, of Multnomah
For Congress, First District.
18. Binger Hermann, of Roseburg
19. Winfield T. Rigdon, of Marion County.
20. M. V. RORK, of Salem.
21. R, M. Veatch, of Cottage Grove
For Member State Board Equalization, First Dist." Vote for One.
22. V. A. Dunlap, of Klamath
23. G. W. Dunn, of Jackson
24. S. H. HOLT, of Phoenix
32. W. H. Adkinson. of Ashland
33. WM. BREESE, of Talent
34. F. T. DOWNING, of Central Point..
35. E. D. Foudrav, of Phoenix
36. J. J. Houck, of Gold Hill
37. J. .;erritt. of Central Point
S. M. NEALOX. of Table Rock.....
3). Chas. Nickell. of Jacksonville
40. Chancev Xye, of Prospect
41. W. T. ANDERSON", of Phoenix
42. S. M. McCall, of Ashland
M. J. K. Neil, of Jacksonville...
44. J. D. Whitman of Medford
45. R. Benedict, of Applegate..
46. H. Furrv. of Eden
47. HARVEY RICHARDSON, of Etna.
. For Clerk.
43. E. E. DEMING, of Ashland
49. Max Muller, of Jacksonville.
50. E. R. Owen, of Central Point ...
51. K. T. Armstrong, of Jacksonville.
52. W. M. Holmes, of Jacksonville
53. J. F. WISNER, of Kubli
For Justice of the Peace. -
72. J. W. MILLER, of Medford
73. G. S. Walton, of Medford
74. A. M. Wilson, of Medford. . . .
I DEMAND JUSTICE 1 WHERE IS SHEt
Taking The Land From Tba Poor
And Giving it to The Bich.
Since 1802 there has been a
practice of giving, 'by the general
government, of the public lands to
the states, to aid them in provid
ing an educational fund-or assist
ing them in some needed . internal
improvement scheme. ' The people
had scattered all over the contin
ent, and towns, cities and com
munities were great distances
apart, and highways for trade and
commerce were bo necessary, and
the communities - so poorly pre
pared for building them, or pay
ing the expense, that it was thought
to be the part of wisdom to give
such aid. Starting, too, on so
grand a future, with great faith in
the necessity of education for the
prepetutation of the republic, vast
tracts were freely given for those
praiseworthy objects. Such a feel
ing then existed in regard to
"state rights" that there seemed
little objection in allowing a state
a share of authority in controlling
But ;n 1862, the system was
changed, for new claimants for pub
lic donations had appeared. Then
for ten years there was the most
gigantic, destructive and greedy
scramble for depoiling the country
of its public domain and chang
ing its future success and develop
ment, ever undertaken by mortal
Election June 6, I892.
CANCEL, CROSS OR MARK OUT NAMES OF CANDIDATES NOT VOTED
Vote for Oxe.
Vote for One.
People s Party
Vote for Three.
Kepu Ul tcan
.People s Pt
Vote for One.
Vote for One.
Vote for One.
Vote for One.
Vote for One.
. People's Party
On ri rirai. rlnv nf .Tnlv 1HRO
the Union Pacific Railroad Com- j
pany was incorporated, and for the
entire length built, a grant of each
alternate section for ten miles on
each side was given it. besides
bonds to the amount of $20,000.
The act of July 2, 1S64 amended
this act and broadened out the
granted territory to twenty miles
on each side; and excepted coal
and iron in its reservation of min
erals, on this grant. What a
princely gift. Think of it. The
American congress giving, not to
the homeless, but to the rich aris
tocrats, an empire forty miles wide
and reaching half across the con
tinent, that the grantees niny have
a place, a country of their own, on
which to build a great railroad.
Then, lest these gentlemen, these
princely land owners, would not. or
could not, accomplish so grand an
improvement, congress takes from
the people's treasury, and gives
them bonds to the amount of $20,-
000 per mile to induce them to
build themselves a railroad on
their own territory. This, too,
when we had bo great dangers
hanging over us, that we had lit
tle monev and so little credit that
our bonds were selling at a heavy
By the law of July 1, 1862, the
Central Pacific ; the central branch
of the Union Pacific; the Kansas
Pacific, and the Souix City and
Pacific, were chartered, and strips
of land ten miles wide on each
side were given. On March 3.
1863, four more long roads received
grants of twenty miles on each
side additional, as indemnity for
lands previously taken up bv the
people. July 1, 1864,. the North
ern Pacific, with forty miles each
side and ten , miles indemnity
tract, or a strip one hundred miles
wide, reaching half across thecon
tinent, was given, to aid this great
centralizing scheme, and bonds,
again, to the amount of $20,000
per mile. These enormous grants
include more than 215,000,000
acres, and over 330,000 square
miles. In size this vast empire is
To bs torn off by First Clerk.
For Attorney General.
10. G. E. Chamberlain, of Albany.
IT. L. K. Webster, of Jacksonville.
For Cikcwt Judge, First District.
25. W. C. Hale, of Linkvitle ,
2t. H. K. Hauna, of Jacksonville. . .
27. P. P. Prim, or Jacksonville
23. IRA WAKEFIELD, of Phoenix.
For Prosecuting attorney. First
29. H. I Benn. of Grants Pass
30. W. C. EDWARDS, of Grants Pass.
31. S. U. Mitchell, of Grants Pass
j 54. W. H. BRADSHAW, of Brownsboro
j 55. Geo. Merriman. of Medford
56. J. E. Pelton, of At-hland
For Treasurer. Vote for One.
57. G. E. Bloomer, of Jacksonville Democrat
5. Vm. Kahler. of Jacksonville Republican
59 ENOCH WALKER, of Medford Peopled Pariy
For Assessor. Vote for One.
60. J. V. MARKSBERRY, of Gold Hill People's Party
61. B. F. Miller, of Sardiue Creek Republican
62. J. L. Wool ridge, of Applegate Democrat
For School Supfjhntendent. Vote for One.
63. Seolt Morris, of Spikenard Republican
64. V. S. Pric. of Jacksonville Democrat
65. E. E. SMITH, of Central Point : People's Party
For Surveyor. Vote for One.
ft?. WELBORN BEESON, of Talent People's Party
67. G. G. Elksnat, of Medford D. mocrat
6S. C. J. Howard, of .Medford Republican
For coronex. Vote for One.
69. J. Hinkle, of Central Point Republican
70. WM. N. MARSTERS, of Lake Creek People's Party
71. B. Porter, of Gold Hill Democrat
75. J. K. Darnell, of Medford
76. SAMUEL MCRRAY, of Medford
77. Isaac Woolf, of Medford.
nearly as large as the original
thirteen states, more than six
times as large as Pennsylvania,
New York, Illinois, Missouri, or
Iowa, and larger than British
India with 240,000.000 of people.
It is larger than England, Scot
land, Ireland, Denmark, Sweden,
Germany and France combined,
and has a sufficiency of arable
land to sustain a population of
50,000,000. . As compared with
the vast domains, the landlords of
Europe are pigmies, and to our
aristocracy, the majority of British
lords and dukes are "small fry,"
As one instance, the Central
Pacific, received in lands at gov
ernment value bonds, and cor
poration and individual donations,
$150,825,000; and Fisk and
Ilatchs circular shows that from
1S69 to 1S79, the net earnings had
been $67,370,000. of which $1S,
453,000 were paid in dividends,
and this made 34 per cent on the
entire capital stock. In 1S82 it
was officially ascertained that over
100,000,000 acres 'of these lands
had been forfeited, and yet, as it
requires congressional action to
restore them to the people, there
seems little hope for a "consum
mation so devoutly to be wished."
Then we have donated to six of
these companies, $64,623,000 in 6
per cent thirty year bonds, and
having guaranteed the interest
which they were t) pay wo have
had to pay interest on them to the
amount of $55,344 000 more, mak
ing a -total of $119,968,000 cash,
or enough to equip a double track
from New York to the Pacific
Ocean. If the enormity of this
crime against the people was not
obscured by the incomprehensible
magnitude of the donations, a po
test would go up from jvery pat
riotic throat that would dpmand a
reversal of the destructive policy.
How we pity the condition of the
peasantry of the Old World, who
havo struggled for existance under
the iron heel of a landlord system
that was more unrelenting than
the demands of any monarch. We
read of the forced collection of
Vote fob One.
. . . Democrat
Vote for Two.
Vote for One.
Vote foe One.
Vote for One.
rents, the eviction of tcnents and of
the ritions living of the landed g?n
trv and we are happv in the
thought that we have escaped
these evils. But remember, we
have laid the foundation for the
most stupendous landlord system
ever known on earth. We don't
do things in a half-way manner.
And our great estates are not con
fined to Americans either. The
lords, the dukes and the rich, who
proposed to be so in other climes,
saw the drift of affairs and rushed
to our country to avail themselves
of the opportunity, and, with the
cash wrenched from their robbed
tenants in the Old World, they
came to build more grandly in the
Below is a list of twenty-seven
corporations and syndicates, who
own more land than there is in the
whole of Ireland, with much less
An K.nir1fh Srarifmt. XA 3. In Texas. .S.UUXX
The Holland Land Company. Now Mex..4,MXUU
sir batrara Kcia ana a ;natcaie in
. Flonll ... 9.CO0.W
English SrmtirntA. In Mls.1is.1ppl l.RHUttt
Mnniuiaol TwcthIMo I.T50.
Phillips. Marshall & Co.. London l..W0l
tivrman Syndicate ... 9,UIWXX
Anglo-American Nvndlculo, nr. oof
era. President. london 730,000
Byrun II. Evans, ot London, in Mis-
Jwlppl . . 700.000
Puke of Southcrlaud -CMM)
ltrltlsh Land Company, In Kansas.... S30.1XX)
William whalloy, M. P., Petcrburg,
Eng 7 . 810.000
Missouri Laud Co.. EdiaburK, Scot
land ...... ... . sao.noo
Robert Tonnant, of London 830,010
Dundee Land Co., Svotlund 1MT.OO
Lord Dunnioro ... KUO00
Henjaniln NewRiis, Liverpool 1(XUX)
Lord Houghton, In Flordln 80.0U)
Lord Dunraven, in Colorado 00.000
English Land Co., in 1-lordla.. - . iU.000
English Land Co., in Arkansas o0,0XO
Alexander Urant, . of London, in
English Syndicate (represented by
Close Bros.l Wis 110.000
M. KUerhauser. of Halifax, Nov
Scotia, in West Virginia 000,000
A Scotch Syndicate, in Florida 500.UUO
A. Hoysen, Danish. Consul, in Mil-
wuuke ... 50.000
Missouri Land Co., ot Ediuboig, Soot
Then, there are eighteen real,
live British lords, and ono ."lady,"
who own nearly one and a half mil
lion of acres in "America, or an
average of over seventy-three thous
and acres each. Extract from
Capt. Geo. W. Bell's "The -New
W. L VAWTER, Wm. SLINGEH,
Pres. Vice Pres. Cashier. AssUCubler
Jackson County Bank.
CAPITAL. - $50,000 Medford. Oregon.
Loan money on approved security, receive deoosits subject to check,
and transact a general banking business on the most favorable term.
8ST Your Business Solicited.
Corbin Banking Co., JJ. Y." Pacific Bank, San Francisco.
Commercial National, Portland. Ladd & Bush, Salem.
HP t SEW L PTEL.
Harris & Purlin Prcprietcrs. Terns: SI 11.63 anfi $2 ustSst
First-class in Every Particular.
jgySpecial attention paid to Commercial Travelers.
J. S. HOWARD.
Dry Goods, Boots I Shoes, Grocrcies,
The best goods at the lowest prices for Cash. The highest prices paid
for country produce.
MEDFORD, - - - OREGON.
PURE DRUGS AT
OTAMPS A XT
Chamois, Sponges and a Full Line of Toilet Preparations.
PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COMPOXCDED DAY AXD XIGHT.
All orders answered with cara and dispatch. Oar stock of Medicine
is complete, warranted and of the best quality.
ADK!MS & WEBB,
SHELF AND HEAVY HARWARE.
Stoves, Tin and Willow Ware.
Oycone and Hoosier Pumps.
IE r-it-i -mm
- Iwrrrn I
Ui G. COOPER, .PpopP.,
Medford, - Oregon.
First-class Board tiy tlie Daf W or iBtl"
Centrally Located, West
O. W. HOWARD, i. K. ESJBT, .
bears a guarantee.
Side of the S. P. R. R. Depot
i hi n i