Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Lexington wheatfield. (Lexington, Or.) 1905-19?? | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1907)
S. A. THOMAS, Publisher
NEWS OFTOE II
Id a Ceec3 Fcrm tor Our
A Rasuma of tha LaS Important but
Not Leas lntratlnj Events
of tha Past Weak.
There is a revival of terrorism
A number of Montana cattlemen have
been indicted for fencing government
Drivers of New York's ice wagons
have gone on strike and the city is
Harriman says he has no intention
of retiring from the railroad business
until he dies. x
A receiver has been appointed for the
Marquette Mutual Life Insurance com
pany of Chicago.
Freight rates between the Mississippi
river and the Rocky mountains M ill be
advanced 5 per cent.
Judge Landis insists on Rockefeller's
appearance in court in connection with
the Standard Oil inquiry.
More witnesses for the defense in the
Haywocd case have helped the prosecu
tion more than the defense.
Striking telegraph operators of San
Francisco would welcome a government
inquiry, as they believe it would mean
victory for them.
San J rancisco Japanese have been re
fused licenses to conduct ' intelligence
offices on the ground that they are not
citizens of the United States.
French Socialists plan to overthrow
Russian Terrorists are preparing for
a campaign of assassination. ,
Railroad men are trying to smother
the Oregon land grant inquiry.
A number of Butte letter carriers
have quit as a demonstration for higher
has teceived the thanks of
China for remitting part of the Boxer
All leading Standard Oil men have
been summoned to appear in court at
Chicago and tell about its finances.
Both telegraph companies in San
Francisco say they are meeting require
ments of business, but the union offi
cials say the messages are being sent
by mail. .
A hurricane accompanied by im
mense waves swept the Caroline islands
recently. Many islands were devas
tated and it is estimated that at least
200 natives perished.
The State bank of Chicago and two
lawyers have received a fee of (90,000
as receiver and attorneys for the Trad
ers' Insurance company, which col
lapsed as a result of the San Francisco
The Venezuelan cabinet has re
signed. Serious labor disturbances are re
ported in Japanese copper mines.
The Russo-Chinese bank at Vladi
vostok has paid out $26,500 on a
Advices from-Lisbon indicate that
King Carlos is in eminent danger of
losing his throne. ,
A number of the striking San
Francisco carmen have been indicted
for attacks on cars.
France and Spain have reached an
understanding to protect each other
In their island possessions.
At an Indian potlach at Alert Bay,
B. C, a number of Indian girls were
Bold to the highest bidder.
A revolutionist disguised as an
army officer drew $30,000 from the
Russo-Chinese bank at Harbin on a
San Francisco indicted million
aires have raised a point which may
annul all indictments. This claim is
that the grand jury which investi
gated their cases was invalid as Its
term had expired and a new grand
Jury list had been certified to.
A New York tenement building
collapsed, killing 18 people, all for
eigners. A lone highwayman is again hold
ing up stages en route to the Yose
mite park. , .
South American republics fear an
attack on Monroeism at The Hague
Texas plans a rigid quarantine
against tuberculosis cases coming In
from other Btates.
A nine-year-old Italian boy has
been killed in New Orleans, presum
ably by members of the Black Hand
A collision between freight and
passenger trains ,on the New York
Central near Rochester, N. Y. re
sulted In the death of five men.
SENTENCE SCHMITZ JULY 8.
Severity Depends on Other Prosecu
tions Defensa Enraged.
San Francisco, June 28. Over the
angry protests of the defense, who de
nounced it as "an outrage upon jus
tice." Judge Panne yesterday granted
the request of the prosecution for de
lay and withheld until Monday, July
8, the sentencing of Mayor Eugene E.
Schmita for the crime of extortion, of
which he was found guilty June 13.
In the presence oi a great crowd in his
courtroom in the Tenipel Israel, shortly
after 10 o'clock, Judge Dunne called
the convicted mayor for sentence, first
inquiring whether it was the purpose of
the prosecutiou to press against him
the other four extortion indictments re
turned by the grand jury. The court
intimated that if the district attorney
so intended, the sentence about to be
pronounced would be less severe than
if other prosecutions were to be aban
doned. District Attorney Langdon declared
that the Btate had not made up its
mind on this point, and asked for an
other week in which to consider it. In
cidentally he admitted that the prose
cution was not prepared to argue
against the defense's motion for a new
trial, which would naturally precede
the imposition of sentence. Mr. Fair
all, for the defense, replied that the
latter did not desire to argue, but would
submit that motion. He insisted upon
the right of th3 mayor to secure sen
tence at once, so that he could without
further delay take an appeal to the
higher court for the new trial which
Judge Dunne would refuse. ,
Judge Dunne finally granted the de
lay on the aussurance of the district
attorney that by July 8 the state would
say whether or rot the other extortion
charges would be prosecute 1.
NEVER PLOTTED VIOLENCE.
Boyce Reiterates Denials of Othi r;,
but Makes Rome Admissions.
Boise, Idaho, June 28. A ruling
made yesterday by Judge Wood while
Edward Boyce, for years the leader of
the Western Federation of Miners and
now a wealthy mine owner of the Coeur
d'Alenes, was testifying in behalf of
William D. Haywood, may materially
limit the Ehowing of the defense as to
the existence of the counter-conspiracy
against Haywood and his assistants
which it alleges.
James H. Hawley for the state ob
jected to the general question as to the
policy and practice of mine owners
throughout the West in blacklisting
union miners, and in the argument that
followed Clarence Darrow for the de
fense claimed that same latitude in
proving counter-conspiracy that the
state enjoyed in showing its conspiracy.
Mr. Hawley contended that the state
had directly shown the existence of a
conspiracy by Harry Orchard and by so
doing had laid the foundation for and
made the connection of all the evidence
offered on the subject. He said that
the defense was trying to show a coun
ter conspiracy by proving various iso
lated instances and certain general con
ditions, none of which was connected
with the case and for none of which a
proper foundation had been laid.
In ruling the court accepted in part
the contention of the prosecutoin and
limited the proof of the defense along
this line to events in Colorado and the
Coeur d'Alenes connected with the case
as now established, !
Small Appeals to Mackay.
San Francisco, June 28. President
S. J. Small, of the Commercial Tele
graphers' union, appealed yesterday di
rectly to Clarence Mackay, head of the
Postal Telegraph company. Mr. Small
wrote a letter directed to offset the one
written by Mr. Mackay to the officials
of the Postal company in which Mr.
Mackay commended the operators who
refused to go out and condemned the
men who struck. A possible step to
ward a settlement was made yesterday
when the striking opoiators appointed
a conference committee.
Great Fire at Jamestown.
Norfok, Va., June 28. Fire at Pine
Beach, a resort filled with hotels of
varying size,re8taurants, stores and
places of amusement just outside the
Jamestown exposition grounds, destroy
ed 40 to 60 frame structures betweon
Virginia and Maryland avenues and
One Hundred and Second and One Hun
dred and Third streets, Including Ex
position avenue. The loss is placed at
between $200,000 and $250,000, with
about 20 per cent insurance.
Will Appeal 2-Cent Case.
Kansas City, Mo., June 28. The at
torneys for the 18 principal Missouri
railways and Attorney General Hadley
for the state last night practically
agreed to take the matter of the juris
diction in the enforcement of the Mis
souri 2-cent law to the Supreme court.
Scout Cruiser Launched.
Bath Me., June 28. The scout cruis
er Chester, one of the latest types of
faet warships, was launched yesterday
afternoon from the yard of . the Bath
RATE HEARING OVER
Probable That Spokane Will Lose
' Hard Fought Case.
NO DECISION BEFORE NEXT FALL
General Cut In All Western Freight
Rates May Be Ordered by Inter
state Commerce Commission.
Washington, June 29. If the Inter
state Commerce commission does not
dismiss the complaint of San Francisco
And decline to order a reduction of
freight rates on commodities billed to
Spokane from Eastern points, it will
order a general investigation into the
freight rates throughout the Northwest
and West with a view to determining
the advisability of making sweeping re
ductions in rates to all points remote
from water transportation. There ap
pears to be no liklihood that the com
mission will grant the appeal of Spo
kane and give that city the benefit of a
specially reduced rate to the disadvant
age of all other interior points both
east and west of Spokane.
This opinion is generally expressed
after the conclusion of the argument in
the Spokane case before the Interstate
Commerce commission yesterJay, for
it is agreed that Spokane utterly failed
to demonstrate that it, more than any
other city, is entitled to a special rate
30 per cent, lower than it now pays.
The evidence produced in the Spokane
case is not" ample to enable the com
mission to order a general reduction
through the West, and it is therefore
fair to assume that the commission
would make extensive examination be
fore ordering any general reduction in
The probabilities are that Spokane's
complaint will be dismissed, for it has
beccme quite evident that the commis
sion realizes that the terminal rate to
Portland and Puget sound is due en
tirely to water competition.
' Spokane not only failed to combat the
water competition feature, but practi
cally ignored it and asked for a reduc
tion as though the coast cities, like
Spoane, were entierly dependent upon
railroads for transportation. Their
failure to produce reasons which would
justify the commission in ignoring wa
ter competition is one weakness of their
case. Another weakness is their selfish
request for a special rate that would
give them an unquestioned advantage
over all other interior points in the
At the conclusion of the argument,
the' commission announced that it
would like briefs from the various
counsel, giving their views as to how
far unearned increment, such as in
creased value of right of way and ter
minals, should be considered in fixing
reasonable rates. These briefs will be
submitted October 1, so a decision is
not likely before early winter.
Great Contracts for Cars.
New York, June 29. The Harri
man, Gould and other large railroad
systems have placed car contracts with
in the last few days calling for an ex
penditure of upwards of $15,000,000,
and orders are pending for others to the
value fo fully $10,000,000. Heavy con
tracts are also about to be given for lo
comotives for use on Eastern lines.
The principal contracts call for 14,100
freight cars. The Harriman lines have
ordered 6,000 refrigerator cars. The
Missouri Pacific has contracted for 7,
Difference in Claims.
Guthrie, Okla., June 29. As a re
sult of three days'' balloting the Demo
cratic convention in the Fifth congres
sional distirct, in session at Hobart,
this afternoon ended in a sensational
tumult, and two candidates will con
test for places on the ticket, Scott Fer
ris, of Lawton, and Marion Weaver, of
Ada, I. T. The Ferris forces walked
out of the hall, leaving the Weaver
men in possession of the official ballot.
Ferris claims the nomination by a vote
of 115 to 98, and Weaver claims a plu
rality of 35.
Conference on Better Rails.
New York, June 29. A conference
of about 30 officials of the leading rail
roads and pteel rail manufacturers of
the country was held in the office of E.
II. Gary, chairman of the board of di
rectors of the United States Steel cor
poration, today to discuss the quality
of steel rails and the advisability cf
improving it. The conference was the
outcome of criticism by railroad men
of the quality of rails now in use.
Estray Law Will Not Hold.
Helena, Mont., June 29. The Su
preme court today held that the so
called estray law waa unconstitutional
In that it embraced two separate and
distinct topics, estrays and the public
domain, and thernfore ordered the dis
charge of Earl Cunningham, convicted
at Livingston on the charge of stealing
a horee from the public range. .
SAY ALL IS LOVELY.
Both Sides Claim Vicory'ln Telegraph
v,Snu Francisco, June 26. General
Superintendent Storrer, of the Postal
Tolegraph Company, said yesterday
that the strike situation was un
changed. Quite a number of oper
ators were at work and business wus
being handled without serious delay. .
"Conditions In our office are but
ter today than at any time since the
strike began, said Superintendent
A. 11. May, of the Western Union
Telegraph Company. "We are hand
ling an increased volume of business
and have added to the number of our
operators. Tho outlook is very en
couraging." The officials of both companies
claim they are .within a half hour of
their work all the time. The gov
ernment business was being handled,
said Mr. Storror, without any delay
A bulletin issued by the press com
mittee from the telegraphers' head
quarters last night said:
"As an evidence of the Inability of
the Western Union to handlo the
business offered by the public, they
have notified customers to use the
telephone whenever possible."
A report reached headquarters
yesterday that 2000 telegrams had
"disappeared" from the overland di
vision of the operating room of the
Western Union office in Chicago.
This would indicate that' business
was being mailed from Chicago. The
strikers discovered that public bus
iness was being handled over private
wires. President Small notified the
brokerage firms who have permitted
outsiders to use their wires for pub
lic business that unless the practice
was stopped at once their operators
would become Involved in the strike.
GRATIFY PERSONAL MALICE
Haywood's Witnesses Tell Orchard's
Motive for Murder.
Boise, Idaho, June 26. The first
direct testimony in defense of Wil
liam D. Haywood was offered yester
day and it! was chiefly directed
toward showlpg that Harry Orchard,
blaming Frank Steunenberg for the
loss of his Interest In the Hercules
mine, had threatened to have re
venge by killing him, and that the
conduct of Orchard and K. C. Sterl
ing, . both before the Independence
explosion, when they were frequent
ly seen together, and afterward,
when Mr. Sterling called off a blood
hound that was following Orchard's
trail, Justified the inference that the
mlneowners inspired the crime.
The calling of the first witness for
the defense was preceded by a fur
ther examination of Orchard, to per
mit the defense to complete its for
mal impeaching questions. These
questions were nearly all In connec
tion with the theory that Orchard
killed Steunenberg because of an al
leged grudge growing out of the sale
of the Interest in the Hercules mine.
Orchard, who came Into court under
protection of the same flying squad
ron of guards that always acts as his
escort, maintained his old calmness
of manner, and spoke in the same
loW-pttched, soft tone. He again de
nied that he ever threatened to kill
Steunenberg because of the Hercules
mine, and again asserted that he sold
hi3 Interest In the mine two years
before the, trouble that drove him
out of Northern Idaho.
TEN MEN GATHERED IN.
Prominent Colorado Citizens Arrested
for Land Frand.
Denver, Colo., June 25. Ten
prominent citizens of Colorado were
arrested in connection with the in
dictments made by the special grand
jury. The charge against them is
conspiracy to defraud the govern
ment under the coal and timber laws.
Those who were placed under arrest
John J. McMillan, conspiracy in
regard to coal in Routt county, Col
orado, in connection with what is
known as the Wisconsin Coal Com
' Robert Forrester, chief geologist
of the Denver & Rio Grande Rail
road; Otis R. Spencer, formerly clerk
of the District Court; F. W. Keltel,
a coal operator in Routt county;
John A. Porter, formerly president
of the Porter' Fuel Company; Edgar
M. Biggs, president, and John J. Mc
Ginnity and Charles D. McPhee, di
rectors of the New Mexican Lumber
Company; Alexander T. Sullenber
ger, president of the Pagosa Lumber
Company and Charles H. Freeman of
All were arraigned before United
States Commissioner Sanford C.
Hinsdale and held In $5,000 bonds,
Rebels In the War Office.
St. Petersburg, June 26. The po
lice last night searched a department
of the War Ministry and found It to
be the headquarters of one of the
revolutionary groups. The building
was surrounded by polic during the
search, but only one arrest was
made. Much incendiary literature
was found. The authorities have
made every effort to prevent the pub
lication and circulation of the mani
festos of the Deputies of the Social
Revolutionists and Group of Toll
parties, but wljh' little success. One
proclamation . was recently printed
Three Mora Deaths from Heat.
Pittsburg, June 26. Three more
deaths from heat occurred here yes
terday making a total of 14 fatalities
since Sunday evening.
American Delegates at Hague
Offer New Plan.
SAFETY FOR ALL HOSPITAL SHIPS
Exempt From Capture but Subject
to Search Mutt Lend Assist
ance to Both Sides.
The Hague, June 27. The text of
the American proposition presented to
the pence conference June 24 by Gener
al Horace Porter follows:
"The bombardment by a naval force
of unfortified and undefnnded towns,
villages or buildings is forbidden, al
though such towns, villages or build
ings are' liable to damages incidental to
the destruction of military or naval
establishments, public depots of mu
nitions of war or vessels of war in port,
and such towns, villages or buildings
are liable to bombardment when rea
sonable requisitions for provisions and
supplies at the time essential to the
naval force are withheld, in which case
due notice of the bombardment must
"The bombardment of unfortified
and undefended towns and places for
the nonpayment of ranscm is forbid
den." The German proposition for adapting
the Red Cross convention to naval war
fare, which was presented June 24, says
that hospital ships cannot be captured,
not being considered as warships. Pri
vate hospital ships will enjoy the tame
treatment if authorized by their own.
government and on condition that they
are certified to the other belligerent.
They must assist the wounded without
distinction of nationality, and must
never be employed for military pur
poses or interfere with military opera
tions. All hospital ships must hoist
the Red Cross flag. -
The protection granted hospital ships
ceases if they are employed against the
enemy, but the crews of such ships may
employ arms in their ovn defense and
in defense of the patients. Such ships
can also cany small artillery. They
are subject to search and can be ordered
by either belligerent to take certain
SWEEPS ASIDE OBJECTIONS.
Judge Lsndls Orders Heads of Stand
ard O I to Appear in Court.
Chicago, June 27. High officials of
the Standard Oil company were ordered
today to appear before Judge Landis, of
the United States District court, in
Chicago, July 6. Under the court or
der, John I). Rockefeller, H. II. Rog
ers, Jchn D. Archbokl and other heads
of the gigantic corporation may be sum
moned. The refusal of the oil trust to answer
the questions of Judge Landis relating
to its financial resources and the divi
dends paid to its stockholders aroused
the anger of the court. The clash be
tween the judge and John S. Miller,
chief counsel ol the trust, came to a
climax 'and Judge Landis met the defi
ance of the corporation with the an
nouncement that he would use the pow
er of the law to secure the information
which the Standard Oil officials were
attempting to keep out of court records.
Witnesses for Defeuse In Haywood
Boise, Jun 27. Yesterday was field
day for the stats in the Haywood case.
Four witnesses were put on the stand
for the defense. Of these, two were
utterly discredited and from the other
two the state got far more than the de
fense itself. Mi. Hawley and Senator
Borah went after the witnesses hammer
and tongs and opened many interesting
passages in which they stumbled mis
erably. As the net result of the da y'
work, the state's case was strengthened,
and it is declared by all of the friends
of the prosecution to have been one of
the very best days of the trial from the
Bomb Captures Money.
, Tiflis, Russia, Jane 27. A bomb was
exploded today in Erivan square in the
center of the city, while the place was
thronged with people. The object of
the bomb thrower was an attack on the
treasury. A wagen containing $125,
000, escorted by Cossacks, had reached
Erivan square when the bomb explod
ed. Two employes of the Imperial
bank were killed. The bags containing
the money disappeared and no trace of
them has been found. More than 50
persons were injured in the bomb out
rage and $170,000 was stolen.
Will Build Biggest Steamer.
Hamburg, June 27. The officials of
the Hamburg-American Steamship com
pany confirm the report that they are
about to order a steamer which will
exceed in size the Cunard's new turbine
vessels. The liner will be commis
sioned in 1910. ,