Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Lexington wheatfield. (Lexington, Or.) 1905-19?? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1906)
I OREGON STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST
HE WILL CAN PINEAPPLES.
Prof. Pernot, of Corvallis, Will
His New Process.
Corvallis A shipment received at
the State college a few days ago was a
crate of pineapples from Honolulu bill
ed to ProfeBnor Pernot, head of the bac
teriological department. The fruit is
to be canned for experimental purposes,
fiome time ago publicity was given to a
new preserving process evolved by Pro
fessor Pernot, wherein fruits or vegeta
bles in process of canning are subjected
to onjy a low temperature. By this
method the fruits are preserved in their
original condition, without being cook
ed, both the fibre, taste and color being
left laraelv intact. The extreme heat
used is only 105 degrees.
Wide attention was attracted by the
announcement and letters of inquiry
have reached the department from all
parts of the world. Among them came
a letter from Honolulu, written by Mr
II. Grant, head of a large canning es
tablishment there, who said his atten
tion had been attracted to the new
method by an article in the Saturday
Eveninff Post. The shipment of the
pineapples to Professor Pernot lor can
ning in the bacteriologist department
as an experiment is the result of the
correspondence that ensued.
Part of the canned product will be
retained at the college, to be opened
from time to time and tasted, and
part will be Bhipped to Honolulu, so
that the merits of the method may be
tested by a tropical climate and a sea
Wallowa to Raise Poultry
Wallowa Ddmand for poultry
brought buvers here from La Grande
and other points recently. One repre
sentative of a mercantile house secured
70 dozen in Wallowa this week, paying
$3 for choice Plymouth Rocks. It costs
little to raise fowls here, and the ranch
ers think the price received will fully
pay them for feed consumed. Interest
in poultry raising for market to increase
the revenue of the farm, is gaining con
atantlv in the Wallowa country, and
the industry promises to become aprac
tical feature of development in this sec
Stockmen Form Organization
Pendleton Owners and raisers of
torses and cattle of Umatilla county
met here and perfected a permanent
organization. The object of the associ
ation is to form a central body large
enough to act in concert and effectively
in all matters affecting horse and cattle"
growers, including matters of range
highway and contagious diseases among
stock. The officers of the association
are: John Todd, president; Aaron
Isaac, vice president; E.. S. Wilbur
secretary, and D. A. Peebler, treasurer
The charter memberB of the association
number about 20.
Want Macadamized Road.
Pendleton The Pendleton Commer
cial associationiheld its annual meeting
last week and elected others as follows
Leon Cohen, president; C.J.Smith
-vice president; F. W. Lampkin, secre
tary ; Mark Moorehouse, treasurer. The
association discussed the proposition
Tv the Government to construct a mile
of macadamized road near this city and
passed a resolution requesting the
county to appropriate necessary funds
to carry on the work.. The estimated
cost to the county is about $3,000.
Lane County Will Spray. ,
Eugene County Fruit Inspector H.
F. McCornack has made a report to the
County court of his examination of
orchards. He reports the San Jose
scale present in nearly all orchards,
and particularly abundant on fruit
trees and shrubbery in the city of Eu
gane. He finds the owners nearly all
willing to assist in the extermination
of the peBts, and a large amount of
spraying has already been done. A
few orchards that were badly infected
Tillamook Creamery's Work.
Tillamook At a meeting of the
Maple Leaf Creamery association,
James Williams, Peter Heisel and 0.
A. Svenson were re-elected directors
and George Cohn treasurer, with the
Tillamook County bank as its deposi
tory. Although the factory was not
completed until last April, 2,598,975
pounds of milk were received in the
nine months it was running in 1905.
The factory made 269,117 pounds of
cheese, for which it received $31,505.
The price of butter fat ranged from
21.7 cents to 31.1 cents per pound.
Large Attendance at Chemawa.
Chemawa The Indian school never
bad as large an attendance as at present.
There are now more than 550 pupils
and more coming nearly every day.
The enrollment .this year is 660. Su
perintendent Kyselka, of the Hoopa
Valley school, California, has gone
home. He brought a party of 18
bright pupils from his school to get an
advanced education along industrial
lines at Chemawa.
BUILDING BOOM IN BAKER.
Many Structures Planned and Con
tractors Engage Men Early.
Baker City Building in Baker City
this year promises to exceed that of
any previous year. Three new struc
tures have just been announced, total
ing in coHt more than $50,000.
Plans for a $25,000 two story brick
building on the northwest corner of
First and Washington streets are being
drawn, the structure to be occupied by
the Queen City Furniture company. On
the opppoeite corner will te the Knights
of Pythias Castle hall, at a cost of from
$25,000 to $40,000. A one story stone
building will be erected as soon us
spring opens, on First street between
Valley avenue and Court street, to be
occupied by a steam cleaning and dye
works. Various other brick and frame
buildingB are planned for the early
spring and the contractors are already
Milton Farmers Hopeful. '
Milton Farmers report wheat in ex
cellent condition. The acreage is prob
ably 25 per cent greater than last year
and the weather is favorable. Consid
erable spring work has been com
menced, the soil being in excellent con
dition. Frnit ranchers are anxious
over the early warm weather, which in
some districts has already started tie
sap in the trees. If cold weather comes
the frost would probably damage
peaches and small fruits. Last year a
heavy rost in March played havoc
with the peach crop.
Horse Fair for Corvellis.
Corvallis A horse show and sale
with ppeed contests and other features
to last two days is probably to be held
here late in May. A committee of ar
rangements was appointed at a meeting
of the Citizens' leaime and details of
the plan are being worked out. The
final decision as to whether or not the
show will be held has not been
reached, but all the signs so far are
favorable to the scheme.
Bad Showing for Lane County.
Eugene The official report of Dr. J
W. Harris, health officer for Lane
county, to the County court, shows
more cases of contagious diseases in
this county than were ever known since
a record has been kept. There were
reported 74 cases of typhoid fever, 34
of measles, 4 of diphtheria, 5 of small
pox and 1 of scarlet fever.
Platform Cannot Be Amended.
Salem That a candidate for office
cannot amend his petition for nomina
tion after he has filed it, is the ruling
made by the secretary of, state, in re
sponse to a request from an aspirant for
a state office. The request was that he
be permitted to amend his platform by
inserting additional measures he would
advocate if elected.
Wheat Club, 6970c; bluestem,
7071c; red, 6667c; valley, 72c.
Oats No. 1 white feed, $2829;
gray, $27.5028.50 per ton.
Barley Feed, $23 5024 per ton;
brewing, $24; rolled, $2425.
Buckwheat $2.25 per cental.
Hay Eastern Oregon timothy, $13
14perton; valley timothy, $89;
clover, $7.508; cheat, $67j grain
Fruits Apples, common, 75c$l
per box; choice, $1.251.50; fancy,
$23; pears, $1.25 1.50 per box;
cranberries, $1313.50 per barrel.
Vegetables Cabbage, 22Mo per
pound; cauliflower, $1.902 per crate;
celery, 13.50 per crate; bell peppers,
35c; pumpkins, lc per pound
sprouts, 67c per pound; squash,
lJi l,J$c per pound; parsley, 25c;
turnips, 90c$l per sack; carrots, 65
75c per sack; beets, 85c$l per
Onions Oregon, No. 1, $1.101.25
per sack; No. 2, 70c$l.
Potatoes Fancy graded Burbanks,
6065c per hundred; ordinary, nomin
SI; sweet potatoes, 22c pet
Butter Fancy creamery, 2730c
JSggs uregon ranch, ihqzuc per
Poultry Average old hens, 1213c
per pound ; mixed chickens, 1213c;
broilers, 19 20c; young roosters,
1213c; old roosters, 10llc; dressed
chickens, 1415c; turkeys, live, 16
17c; turkeyB, dressed, choice, 1820c;
geese, live. 9c; geese, dressed, 1214c;
Hops Oregon, 1905, choice, 10llc
per pound j prime, 89c; medium,
7 (38c; olds, 57c.
Wool Eastern Oregon average best,
16 21c per pound; valley, 2426c;
mohair, choice, 30c.
Beef Dressed bulls, 2 2c per
pound; cows, Z 4c; country
Mutton Dressed, fancy, 8J9cper
pound; ordinary, 4 5c; lambs, 7
Veal Dressed, 33.8J6c per pound.
Pork Dressed, 68 per pound.
LIKE ROUGH RIDERS.
Pennsylvania Provides Body of Picked
Men Against Time of Strike.
Philadelphia, Feb. 13. When the
great coal strike comes on April 1 the
miners will find themselves confronted
by a new kind of foe.
There will be no Pinkertons to "in
flame the passions of the workers."
No militia or private guards of any
kind will be on duty, nor will the mili
tia be called out. The duty of protect
ing life and property will be confided
to the state constabulary, an organiza
tion without a parallel in the United
States. The nearest approach to it is
the body of men known as the "Texas
Rangers," famed principally in dime
novels, but the state constabulary has
greater powers than the rangers, and
far more work to do.
At the last session of the legislature,
authority for the organization of the
force was given out, ana now the men
have been selected, drilled and are
ready for work. The superintendent
of the force, which now numbers 240
men, but can be over fourfold that
number if the governor decides an
emergency exists, is John C. Groome,
a former militiaman, who saw service
as a commissioned officer durin? the
Spanish-American war. '
Superintendent Groome sternly dis
regarded all the pressure that was
brought to bear upon him by politi
cians, and not only did he declare that
not one appointment would be made
to oblige a dealer in patronage, but he
kept his word.
Several thousand men were exam
ined before the quota was filled, and
there are now on the lists fully 500
qualified men, who can be called upon
if an emergency arises.
One requirement 'was insisted upon :
Every man had to be an American, be
tween the ages of 21 and 40, and be a
good horseman. Although it was not
a requisite that troopers should have
seen military service, yet it was found
that those who had been in the regular
army or the Pennsylvania National
guard best answered the teats; and
practically all of those chosen have
been soldiers, real or "tin."
PACKING FOR EXPORT.
American Goods Sent to Orient Said
to Arrive in Bad Shape.
Washington, Feb. 13. As a result of
the work of special agents sent to the
Orient to investigate trade regulations
with those countries, a valuable object
lesson in the wav of packing goods for
export 1b now furnished by the bureau
of manufactures of the department of
Commerce and Labor.
Heavy losses have been sustained and
the growth of exports retarded as the
result of insecure packing on the part
of American exporters. Numerous
photographs have been received show
ins piles of boxes on the wharves in
China, where the British and German
boxes are secure, while many of those
of American make are smashed and the
eoods injured or destroyed. The wood
used for boxes in this country is gen
erally too'light in weight and not prop
erly held together.
One of the English boxes on exhibi
tion is made of hard wood, seven-
eighths of an inch in thickness, with
double ends, and lined with tin made
to the exact inside measurements of
the box. Inside this tin lining heary
wrapping paper is placed, in which are
packed the bundles of different articles
well wrapped . and properly marked
The tin lining is soldered so as to be
water tieht. while the boxes are held
together by steel bands.
American piece goods reach China in
machine-pressed bales bound with
.ropes. Utner countries use iron DanaB
. . . . , i
with buckles or locks on the ends
The ropes are useless for protection
and as a result there are large losses on
damaged American bales. Some Amer
lean mills use metal bands, but they
are the exceptions. Chinamen com
plain that Americans do not comply
with orders as to labels, etc., and the
lack of uniformity causes great losses
The Chinese purchase goods as a result
of labels of which they have a know
ledge. A change of the label in any
respect causes a loss to the merchant.
Old Treaty With Prussia.
Washincton. Feb. 13. Considerable
interest attaches, in view of the termi
nation of the trade agreement with
Germany, on the first of March, to the
fact that there is still in existence
treaty of peace and amity made in 1828
between the United btates and frussia
which contains a most favored nation
clause, under which it is contended
that the United States has the right
demand the application of the German
minimum tariff rates to itB imports,
has been accorded various European
Piano Factory Burned.
New York, Feb. 13. Fire Btarting in
the Bremuller piano tactory, at '.tenth
avenue and Fifty-first street tonight
caused damage estimated at $500,000
The blaze spread bo rapidly that for
time several tenements which adjoin
the piano factory on Tenth avenue and
Fifty-first street were inreatenea.
AMERICA IS READY
Many Troops and War Vessels
Close to China.
MOVEMENTS MADE WITH SECRECY
More Troops in Philippines Than Any
Time Since Pacification of
Washington, Feb. 17. It has been
decreed by the administration that,
come what may, American lives and
American property in China shall be
protected, even if it becomes necessary
to resort to arms. Guided by the ex
periences of the Boxer outbreak of
1900, this government is quietly mo
bilizing a small army in the Philip
pines, within easy reach of Chinese
ports, and is maintaining a fair-sized
fleet of war vessels especially adapted
to service in the rivers that reach im
portant Chinese strongholds.
It is a fact that there are more
troops in the Philippines than at any
time since the pacification of the Phil
ippines. There are now on the way to
the islands two additional regiments of
nfantry and two batteries of artillery
As shown by the records of the War
department, the military strength in
the Philippines today includes four full
regiments of infantry, in addition to
two companies of engineers and three
companies of the signal corps. These
troops for the most part are in easy
reach of Manila, and a comparatively
large force could be landed on Chinese
Boil on very short notice and still leave
an adequate garriBon in the Philippines.
To supplement the land force is the
Philippine fleet, which includes the
battleships Ohio, Wisconsin and Ore
gon, the last-named under orders to re
turn to this country. It is found,
however, that the Oregon may not be
able to undergo repairs at Puget sound
'or four or five months, and it may be
determined to retain her in the Orient,
at lea&t until the Chinese disturbances
blows over or comes to a head. In ad
dition, there are the cruisers Balti
more, Cincinnati, Concord and Ral
eigh, the monitors Monadnock and
Monterey, the gunboats Helena and
Wilmington and a number of smaller
gunboats, which were captured from
Spain and brought into the United
v STANDS BY EXCLUSION LAW.
Fulton Declares Boycott Cannot Ac
complish Its Repeal.
Washington, Feb. 17. In response
to a request for his views on the Chi
nese boycott, Senator Fulton today
made the following answer:
The real purpose of the Chinese en
gaged in the boycott of American goods
is to secure the repeal of the exclusion
law. No doubt the manner in which
the law has been enforced has in some
instances given just cause for com
plaint, and tended to intensify and ac
celerate the growing resentment en
gendered by the law, but the real ani
mus is opposition to the law as a whole
and the purpose is to enforce its repeal'.
To that we cannot accede. It is of great
interest and concern to us that cordial
and friendly relations with China shall
be maintained and our trade and com
merce with ber increased, but, if such
conditions can only be purchased by
sacrificing the rights and imperiling
the welfare of Americaan labor, the
price iB greater than we can afford to
We must not repeal or substantially
modify the present exclusion law. So
to do would work great hardship on
and be unpardonable injustice to our
own waee earners. We of the Pacific
coast have learned in the school of ex
perience how serious a menace to the
peace, prosperity and morals of the
community is a large influx of Chinese
coolies and we will never consent to
legislation making such conditions
Wood May Command In China.
San Francisco, Feb. 17. The United
States army transport Sherman sailed
todav for Honolulu, Guam and the
Philippines, with 100 cabin passengers,
a few troops and 4,000 tons of military
supplis. Among the passengers were
Maior Generals Brooke and Weston,
the latter going to Manila under Bealed
orders. In army circles it is surmised
that General Biooke may succeed Gen
eral Leonard Wood in case the latter
should be ordered to China. Colonel
William S. Patten also sailed on the
Progressive American Consul.
Praeue. Feb. 17. The American
consulate established today a depart
ment for commercial information
Consul Ledoux explained the task of
the institution to many merchants,
who declared it would greatly increase
the respective exports and imports of
t ie countries interested.
REVOLT IS AT HAND
Army and Navy Gathering Forces
In the Philippines.
MAKING READY TO FIGHT CHINA
American Boycott and Reform Move
ment Against Manchus Stirs
Washington, Feb. 15. Though there
is no abatement in the warlike prepara
tions by this government to cope with
contingencies in China, a tendency ia
apparent at the State department to
counteract the inferences based upon
statements of officials of that depart
ment and the War department that
there iB danger of a general outbreak in
News of the dispatch of troops to the
Orient has caused the receipt of many
telegrams and letters of inquiry from
persons having relatives in commercial
or missionary pursuits in China, while
one or two missionary boards ia this
country have informed the department
that their advices do not indicate the
presence of conditions there warranting
the reported action of the War depart
ment. Several business concerns have
written that their cable and mail com
munications from certain points in
China contain no news of threatened
The most conflicting statements
emanate from sources apparently
equally, informed and competent to
judge of the truth. Some authorities,
whose views have been presented to the
officials here, hold that a maBterplay is
being made by the Chinese toward the
removal of restricti6ns to Chinese im
migration to this country. Others hold
that there is nothing to warrant these
government activities and that influ
ences are at work to obtain a display of
force to overawe the Chinese govern-.
ment into a real suppression of the
Consular reports from China on the
effect of the boycott show that only
certain American interests have been
damaged. Chief of these is the oil
trade. The Standard Oil company ia
the dominating factor in the Chinese
American oil business. The American
Tobacco company's exports to China
have fallen off greatly. A certain sew
ing machine company's business in the
southern provinces has been a special
object of boycott orders by the mer
chants' guilds, forwhat reason nobody
In this latter case the boycott has
been so effectively worked that at Sing
apore it is worth a Chinaman's life to
be seen entering that company's store.
SHIP SUBSIDY BILL.
Features of the Measure Approved
by the Senate.
Washington, Feb. 15. As passed,
the ship subsidy bill establishes 13 new
contract mail lines and increases the
subvention to the Oceanic lines running
from the Pacific coast to- Australasia.
Three leave Atlantic coast ports, one
running to Brazil, one to Uruguay and
one Argentina and one to South Africa;
six from ports on the Gulf of Mexico,
embarcing one to Brazil, one to Cuba,
one to Mexico and three to Central
America and the Isthmus of Panama;
four from Pacific coast ports, embracing
two to Japan, China and the Philip
pines direct, one to Japan, China and
the Philippines via Hawaii, and one to
Mexico, Central America and the Isth
mus of Panama.
The bill also grants a subvention at
the rate of $5 per gross ton per year to
cargo vessels engaged in the foreign
trade of the United States and at the
rate of $5 .50 per ton to vessels engaged
in the Philippine trade, the Philippine
coastwiBe law being postponed until
Another'feature of the bill is that
creating a naval reserve force of 10,000
officers and men who are to receive re
tainers after the British practice. Ves
sels receiving subsidies are required to
carry a certain proportion of naval re
serve men among their crews.
Dare Not Buy American Goods.
Washington, Feb. 15. The general
purport of the advices to the State de
partment is that there has been great
interference 'with American trade In
China by the boycott, but that there ia
lack of tangible evidence of an uprising.
American petroleum, condensed milk,
tobacco, sewing7machines and the like
have been placed under the ban. Even
as far south as the Straits settlements,
outside of China, it is reported a China
man would jeopardize his life if he
offered for sale or purchased an Ameri
can sewing machine.
Hawaii to Raise Tobacco.
Washington, Feb. 15. It has been
arranged that Hawaii shall send a rep
resentative here to study tobacco grow
ing, and Secretary WilBon has promised
to assist him in every possible way.