Lexington wheatfield. (Lexington, Or.) 1905-19??, February 15, 1906, Image 2

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S. A. THOMAS, Publisher
Id a Condensed Form for Our
Busy Readers.
A Resume of the Less Important but
Not Less Interesting Events
of the Past Week.
Russia's financial condition has im
proved greatly.
King Charles of Roumar.ia is re
ported to be seriously ill. .
All the judges of Minnesota have re
turned their annual railroad passes.
Railway traffic in Eastern Pennsyl
vania is blockaded on account of heavy
The annual cost of repairs and main
tenance of the congressional library is
Helen Kellar, the deaf and blind
girl, has broken down under the strain
of work.
A Belgian professor accuses King
Leopold of stealing $15,0000,000 . de
rived from the rubber trade with
Harriman haB secured concessions
from the Mexican government and will
build 1,000 miles of railroad in that
It is now probable that President
Roosevelt will be called upon to settle
the Moroccn dispute between France
and Germany by policing the country
with American troops.
The United States sub-treasury at
Chicago has detected counterfeit half
dollars which are said to have been
made in China. The required amount
of silver ia contained.
The lhe meat animals imported into
12 of the important countries from the
United States is 84 per cent of the total
imports of such animals. In the same
countries the packing house products
from the United States ie 45 per cent
of the total.
An explosion in a coal mine at Oak
hill, West Virginia, caused the death
of at least 28 miners.
' The Chicago council has passed an
ordinance placing the cost of gas at 85
cents per thousand feet.
On account of the recent turn of
affairs in China the power may f not
withdraw their troops as had been
Chicago city council will pass an or
dinance against cigarette smoking by
minors. Fines are provided which are
to be heavier with each euccedeing
Congregatinoal, United Bretheren
and Methodist Protestant churches
have completed a plan for a union un
der the name of the United Church of
Young Cudahy has not been able to
positively identify Pat Crowe as his
kidnaper. Crowe is said to have
changed greatly in apppearance during
the past five years.
The internal revenue report for 1905
shows that the business of the Philip
pine islands amounted to $195,000,000
in gldd. The amount of taxes col
lected was $4,000,000 in gold.
The trial of Pat Crewe, charged with
robbing E. A Cudahy of $25,000 in
connection with the kidnaping of E.
A. Cudahy, Jr., five yearn ago has he
gun in the District court at Omaha.
The graves of Charles Dickens and
Sir Henry Irving, in Westminstecr
abbey, London, were lavishly decorated
with flowers in commemoration of their
birthdays, February 7 and 6 respect
Zero weather prevails throughout the
United States east of the Rocky moun
tains. Five bodies have been recovered from
the wreck on the Northern Pacific near
A false emperor of Russia and his
suite, who have been stirring up tbe
people of the Volga region, have been
Fire which was started in the match
'department of a Lexingon, Kentucky,
wnolesale house, destroyed $150,000
worth of property.
The Canadian Pacific has issued new
stock for the Northwest extension.
President Roosevelt condemns haz
ing, but savs the law proposed by con
gress is too severe and , would cripple
the navy. He auks for a modification,
John E. Wilkie, chiefl of the United
States secret service, Bays that the cap
tain of every steamer which has been
wrecked on the Pacific coast in the last
three years has been found to have been
fraudulently naturalized. Under the
law no man can become captain of an
American ship unless he is an Ameri
can citizen.
Provisions of the Measure Passed
by the House.
Washington, Feb 9. The railroad
rate bill is intended and does comply
specifically with the recommendations
of President Roosevelt on the rate
question. It dives the Interstate Conv
merce commission authority, when a
rate has been complained of as un
reasonable" by a shipper, to. investi
gate that rate, state whether or not it
is unreasonable, and if found to be
unreasonable, to name a rate, which is
to be just and reasonable, ami fairly
remunerative, and which is to be the
maximum rate to be charged.
This rate, so fixed, ia to go into
effect 30 days after it is announced by
the commission, subject, during that
time, to be set aside or suspended by
the commission or by the courts. After
it has gone into effect, it is to remain
the rate for three years. During this
time, according to the opinion that
has been expressed by those who have
participated in the debate, the rate
may also be reviewed by the courtB,
and, if found to be in conflict either
with the constitution by being confis
catory, it can be set aside by the courts.
Another important feature is the
definition of the words '"railroad" and
transportation," in a manner to in
clude all auxiliary instrumentalities.
This power to name a reasonable
rate and the inclusion of the auxili
aries within the jurisdiction of the
commission, are said to be the new
features. All other provisions are mod
ifications of existing law. They in
clude publicity of railroad methods,
which is 'o be anled by prescribing a
system of bookkeeping, and enlarging
the commission to seven members and
increasing salaries of members to $100, '
000 a year.
Minister Discusses Agitation and Pre
parations for War.
Berlin, Feb. 9. General TchaDg
Tcheng, the Chinese minister to Ger
many, in the course of an interview
with the Tageblatt's correspondent on
the disquieting rumors from China,
said that China needed reform in her
head and limbs. Europe, he said,
had been surprised that Japan had be
come greater than China, whose sol
diers, and especially those in the north
ern part of the empire, compare physic
ally with the Prussian guards. Money
for army and navy expenses, he said,
ehould not be considered, as the popu
lation of over 400,000,000 could easily
contribute a milliard where vital inter
ests were touched.
China, the minister continued,
strongly wishes for commercial deal
ings with foreign countries, but prefers
those without Chinese colonies. The
missionaries, he added, cause hatred of
foreigners by their tactless proselyting
and the fighting between Protestants
and Catholics.
The minister was asked if the navy
and army reinforcements which the
United States is sending to the Philip
pines in the expectation of difficulties
with Chinia might arouse the Chinese
dragon. He replied:
"If the American government sende
reinforcements, who can say it fears
difficulties with China? It is all non
sense. I believe the armaments are
prepared against somebody else; I can
not expresa myself more definitely."
Perfect Road Will Be Built Straight
Across Ohio. '
Cleveland, Feb. 9. Within a year
work will be begun by the- National
Good Roada association on a great
highway extending clear across the
state of Ohio, from the Pennsylvania to
the Indiana line, that will be one of
the finest in the world, and, like the
Appian Way, will be built to last for
all time to come. This is the informa
tion given out today by Colonel W. H.
Moore, president of the association.
The road, which will be the firat to
be built across a state under the author
ity of an organization since the old
Federal roads, will cost $1,500,000.
Of this amount, Colonel Moore says
$750,000 haB already been put up by
certain interests that he will not now
reveal, and the remainder will be se
cured from the counties through which
it will pass.
Puts Down Siberian Revolt.
St. Petersburg, Feb. 9. General
Linievitch, commander of the Man
churian armies, telegraphed to the em
peror yeiterday as follows: "General
Renuenkampff entered Chita, Trans
Baikalia, February 5, withont blood
shed. The inhabitants of the town
have been disarmed and work has been
resumed. Two hundred of the revolu
tionists have been arrested, but a num
ber of the leaders fled. General Hels
jeonikoff, the military governor of
Chita, has been relieved of his post for
Will Act for Castro in France,
Washington, Ftb. 9. The Venezuel
an government has requested the gov
ernment of the United States to take
charge of its consulate in France. Sec
retary Root has deckled to comply with
the request and will give the necessary
Instructions to tbe American ambassa
dor in Paris.
Friday, February 9.
Washington, Feb. 9. Almost the
entire session of the senate today was
devoted to the consideration of the ur
gent deficiency bill, which was passed
practically as it was reported from the
committee on appropriations. The
only discussion was over an amend
ment suggested by Patterson to Btrike
out the provision relieving alien woik
men on the canal from the operation of
the eight-hour day law. Patterson
contended that to require men to labor
more than eight hours a day in the
tropics was inhuman, and argued that
the requirement would do injustice to
American labor. Several senators on
both sides of the chamber controverted
the position. The amendment was
voted down without resort to a roll
call. The senate adjourned until Mon
day. Washington, Feb. 9. The house to
day ground out its usual semi-monthly
grist of private pensions, pasping in 72
minutes 429 bills for the benefit of vet
erans who are barred for one reason or
another from coming in under the gen
eral statute, and thus made a new
speed record for such bills. Seventy
five per cent of the beneficiaries are
either blind or bed-ridden. This or
der, with a number of minor bills and
the passage of two amendments to the
Philippine tariff act of 1905, consti
tuted the transactions of the day. The
tariff amendments piece American cot
ton goods on an equality, so far as the
cost of production is concerned, with
European goods. Low grades of shoes
were admitted at a lower tariff. The
house adjourned until Monday.
Thursday, February 8.
Washington, Feb. 8. Just enough
morning business was allowed in the
house preceding the vote on the Hepburn
railroad rate bill today to permit de
layed members to reach their seats be
fore the rollcall ordered the nigLt be
fore began. Three hundred and forty-
ix members voted for the bill. Seven,
all Republicans, voted against it. Ap-
plauBe greeted the announcement of
the result by the speaker to the house,
which had given its undivided atten
tion to the question of government
rate-making for seven days.
Those voting against the bill were:
Littlefield, of Maine; McCall and
Weeks, of Massachusetts; Perkins,
Southwick and Vreeland, of New
York; and Sjbley, of Pennsylvania.
Sullivan, or Massacnusetts, votea
present," and waB not paired. There
were 28 members paired, but these
pairs were generally political ones.
None of them was made upon the bill,
and consequently did not indicate op
poBitin. Washingtoon, Feb. 8 There waB a
general expectation that today would
witness a revival of yesterday's exciting
occurences in the senate over Patter
son's caucus resolutions, but it was not
realized and the large crowd attracted
to the galleries was compelled to leave
in disappointment when at 3 p. m. the
senate went into executive session,
alter a day devoted largely to ordinary
bills on the calendar.
Wednesday, February 7.
Washington, Feb. 7. By continuing
its session practically to 7 o'clock the
house concluded all preliminary steps to
the passage of the railroad rate bill,
ordered a roll call on the measure and
put off the final action until tomorrow.
The time for amendment came at 4
o'clock, and for three hours following
one amendment after another came up,
was read, debated in some instances
and went down to defeat. So fienfe
was the struggle to amend that often
when a paragraph of the bill was con
cluded in the reading, a dozen members
waved their amendments and shouted
for recognition. Not one of these was
adopted. They contained all manner of
propositions, such as regulating prefer
ential, the long and short haul, free
passes, court procedure, whole rate bills
and parts of bills, but all "went by the
Washington, Feb. 7. Today for the
first time in many years the senate was
made the scene of an effort to administ
er party discipline to a member of that
body, and the occurrence was one of so
many dramatic details that the many
witnesses will not soon forget it. Pat
terson was the subject of 4he effort, and
Railey, to whom, in the absence of Gor
man, the Democratic leadership is con
ceded, was the instrument of his party
in the incident.
Wallace Before Committee.
Washington, Feb. 6. John F. Wal
lace was before the Benate inter-oceanic
canal committee today and made a
statement regarding the severance ot
his relations with the Canal commis
sion. In it he spoke of the violent at
tack of Secretary Taft and Mr. Crom
well, the only basis of which was, he
paid, a difference of opinion between
himself and Taft and Cromwell as to
his right to decide when he thought
the welfare of the enterprise and his
own justified his resignation. He was
liable vO be dismissed at any time.
Tuesday, February 6.
Washington, Feb. 0 The senate did
not have an opportunity today to hear
the discuHBion of Patterson's resolution
on the action of the Democratic caucus,
which was partially promised, but
gave the entire day to a review of the
prerogatives of the senate in the matter
of framing treaties. The question wan
raised by Bacon in a speech on his
resolution requesting information con
cerning the Algeciras conference.
Lodge gave notice of a speech Mon
day on the railroad rate bill.
Washington, Feb. 0. Having fixed
the end of the general debate on the
rate bill at 4 :30 o'clock tomorrow, the
recognition of the cha'r waB passed
around at a lively rate in the house
today. Seventeen speeches were made,
all of them for the measure. The rail
roads came in for an unusual amount
of criticism.
Monday, February 5.
Washington, Feb. 5. The senate was
treated to a sensation today by Patter
son, Dem., Colo., who followed up his
retirement of last Sturday from the
Democratic caucua by introducing a
resolution in effect declaring the action
of the cacus to have been contrary to
tbe constitution of the United States.
Gallinger succeeded during the day
in securing the fixing of a date for vot
ing on the shipping bill, the hour
named being Wednesday at 3 p. m.
Several bills were passed during the
day and Teller made a speech in oppo
sition to the shipping bill.
Foraker announced that he had no
intention of attempting to delay action
on the Btatehood bill, which he op
posed. Washington, Feb. 5. Considerable
fault was found with the railroad rate
bill in the house today, considering the
fact that it is a measure of both parties.
Littlefield, of Maine, and Grosvenor,
of Ohio, both spoke against the bill.
Ten other speeches were made, all of
them by members who will vote for the
bill, but Borne of whom would like en
opportunity to amend it. Gainea, of
Tennessee, has an anti-pasa amendment
which he will bring foiwaid at the
proper time.
At the conclusion of the day Hep
bnrn, in charge of the measure, said it
looked now as though debate would
conclude at 3 o'clock Wednesday. The
reading of the bill will begin at once,
and he thinks it can be concluded, all
proposed amendments disposed of and
tbo bill passed that day before adjourn
ment. Saturday, February 3.
Washington, Feb. 3. Various phases
of the railroad rate question were
threshed over in the houne today in the
course of nine speeches which occupied
six and a half hours. This concludes
the fifth day oi the discussion, but the
end is not yet. Many members on
both sices of tbe house desire to record
their views and general debate will be
allowed to continue.
Representative Randall today offered
a bill that he will offer as an amend
ment. It makes stringent provisions
against the giving or accepting of rail
way passes or franks by senators, con
gressmen and judges. He proposes a
fine of not less than $1,000, or impris
onment for not less than one year, or
both, and disqualification from ever
again holding public office. The agent
or official of the company giving the
pass or frank, upon conviction, is to be
fined not less than $100, nor more than
$1,000, or imprisoned for not less than
six months nor more than one year, or
New Naturalization Bill.
Washington, Feb. 6. The house
committee on immigration and natural
ization practically agreed today on the
Howell naturalization bill in a slightly
amended form.
As the bill stands now, it requires
applicants to file their application for
final citizenship papers 90 days before
the hearing; provides that the court
order shall not issue until 30 days after
the hearing and allows appeals from
court orders.
Germany Hopes for Agreement.
Berlin, Feb. 7. It was reported in
commercial circles today that a tariff
arrangement between Germauy and the
United States, to last one year, had
been agreed upon, but inquiry at the
American embassy and at the foreign
office established the fal i y of the re
port. The foreign office, however, ap
parently is more hopeful now.
Call on Venezuela to Pay.
Washington, Feb. 5. W. J. Calhoun,
the president's special commissioner in
the asphalt controversy with Venezuela,
has arrived in Washington, and today
called at the State department to con
sult with Secretary Root in relation to
the presentation of facta in hie official
report. The decision of the president
again to demand of the Venezuelan
government a settlement of at least a
part of the asphalt company's claims,
it is said, marks the refusal of the
State department to accept the Vene
zutlan contention.
Disastrous Wreck on O. R. & N. at
Bridal Veil.
Portland, Feb. 7. In the moat dia
aatrotiB wreck in the history of the Ore
gon Railroad & Navigation company
and the only one in which the life of a
paaBenger on that road haa been lost,
Chicago-Portland Express No. 6 ran in
to the rear end of the Spokane Flyer,
No. 3, at Bridal Veil yesterday morn
ing at 7:50, telescoping the Pullman
cur Galatea, killing four persons and
injuring a score of others. Engine 103,
in charge of Engineer William Swain,
became unmanageable and dashed into
train No. 3, which was standing on the
track at Bridal Veil. Had it not been
for the presence of mind of Silaa Smith,,
brakeman on the Chicago-Portland Ex
press, who pulled the emergency cord
when he realized the train was beyond
control of the engineer and was running
away, thus setting the brakes, the col
lision would have been one of the worst
in the history of Western railroading.
Train No. 3 had stopped at Bridal
Veil station, and waB delayed there by
its engine, which was out of order.
When about four milea east of Bridal
Veil the locomotive hauling the Chicago-Portland
Expresa got out of order
and became unmanageable.-
The injector pipe had broken inside
the cab, letting out a flood of steam
and driving the engineer and fireman
out of the cab. Engineer Swain reach
ed for the throttle to stop the engine,
but could not reach it. In a moment
he heard torpedoea on the track and re
alized that the Spokane Flyer was ahead
on the main track, and rushed back
into the cloud of burning steam that
filled the cab in an effort to stop the
flying train. He groped about for the
levers he could not aee, fearing even to
breathe in the deadly atmosphere, suf
fering tortures to hia scorched hands
and face, and, finally baflled, waa com
pelled to retreat to the engine tender.
Both he and the fireman then leaped to
the connections between the tender and
the mail car and tried to reach the air
hose and break the connection, thua ap
plying the brakes, but Engineer
Swain's handa were so terribly burned
they were listless, and he could not dis
connect the hose.
Meanwhile Silaa Smith, living at
Socond and Grant streets, Portland,
who was brakeman on No. 5, realized
the engine was beyond the control of
the engineer and pulled the emergency
cord, setting the brakeB. This slowed;
the train, and the locomotive was de
tached from the train and shot ahead,
crashing into the Pullman. In a mo
ment the rest of the train, coming at a.
slower speed, struck the engine, and
again hurled it against the wrecked!.
Pullman. Those in the wreck felt two
distinct shocks, and by his prompt ac
tion in bringing the Chicago-Portland'.
Express almost to a stop Brakeman
8mith prevented a much heavier los o
Peritonitis Aggravates Illness ot Sen
ator from Idaho.
Washington, Feb. 5. Considerable
anxiety is felt over Senator Heyburn
tonight. He slept little last night,
and today unfavorable pysptoms devel
oped which indicate that peritonitis
has set in. The pain and inflamation
heretofore confined to tbe region of the
appendix had spread and hia Etomacb
is now affected.
Up to this morning the aenator was
hopeful of early recovery; in fact, ex
pected to get up tomorrow. Tonight,
he i8 decidedly depressed, and seems to
realize the seriousness of his condition..'
If he does not show marked improve
ment by morning, another consultation
will be held.
While it is announced at his apart-;
ments that there ia believed to be no
immediate danger, nevertheless every
thing indicates that he is in a critical
condition, the presence of peritonitis!
and kidney trouble, in addition to ap
pendicitis, being most serious compli
cations. Italy Will Ruin Padrones.
New York, Feb. 7. The Italian gov
ernment has juat contributed a subaidy
of $20,000 a year for an Italian labor
exchange in New York. Thia is part of
an organized attempt by Italian citi
zens of the United States, combined:
with the Italian authorities at home, to
beat the "padrone" system and to keep
the Italiana from piling up in New
York. The exchange will be incorpo
rated under the lawa of New York by
Italian citizenB, and probably will be
in working order by next summer,
for the great crush of immigrants.
Two-Cent Fares for Ohio.
Columbus, O., Feb. 7. The houf
today by a vote of 104 to 1 passed the v
Freiner 2-cent-fare bill, which was sub
stituted for the Rathbun bill, passed
by the house. The senate, it is Baid by
leaders of that body, will accept the
Freiner bill, which will go into effect
80 days after it is signed by the governor.