Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Lexington wheatfield. (Lexington, Or.) 1905-19?? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 8, 1906)
S. A. THOMAS, Publisher
NEWS OF THE WEEK
In a Condensed Form for On
A Resume of the Less Important but
Not Less Interesting Events
of the Past Week.
Witte is preparing a plan to Bell land
Roosevelt denies that he is acting as
dictator to congress.
The pope has advised French Oath
olics to give in to the state. '
t Colonel Lolton reports that pefce
has been restored in Santo Domingo
Twenty-seven bodies have been re-
covered from the wreck of the Valencia
Seattle people are indignant over the
Valencia investigation and demand a
more rigid inquiry.
Senator Heyburn, of Idaho, is seri
ously ill and an operation for append!
citis cannot long be delayed.
A cold wave has struck the eastern
portion of the United States. In plac
es the temperature dropped 40 degrees
in 24 hours.
The American Smelting trust is buy
ing control in the large copper compan
ies and it is believed a huge trust is
The United Mineworkers of America
have decided to call a strike in every
sati prill. The order is expected to
affect 600,000 men and cut off the fuel
supply of the nation.
Hermann has offered a bill to the
house providing for (200,000 for the
construction and maintenance for the
first year of a sea-going dredge for Ore
Great Britain may institute radical
reforms in her army to please Japan.
Vladivostok rebels have driven out
the Cossacks and enforced an armed
The annual report of the Philippine
commission shows the island to be in
General Chaffee has retired as chief
of staff of the army. He is succeeded
by John C. Bates.
Many bodies are being recovered
from the wreck of the Valencia which
are not being identified.
Fire destroyed an entire block in the
city of Panama. The loss will reach
$500,000, with very little insurance.
Cossacks in Siberia after an armed
conflicts with rebels threw over 1,300
into Lake Baikal through holes in the
Fire broke out in the transport
Meade at San Francisco. Three lives
were lost. The property damage will
not be great.
The First United States infantry has
sailed from New York for the Philip
pines . The troops will go by way of
the Suez canal.
It has just been given out that for
the past four years the Equitable Life
Insurance society has insured free the
lives of its 900 employes for (1,000
A Buit has been started in Nebraska
to break up a combine of fire insurance
men. ' , 1
King Frederick, of Denmark, will
work for an alliance with Norway and
A high official in Tiflis, Russia,' has
been blown to pieces by a revolution
The net earnings of the United States
Steel corporation in 1905 total nearly
Shonts says he canceled the Markel
contract for hotels on the canal zone
because there was too great a graft.
In an address to the New York Med
ical association G rover Cleveland ap
pealed to the doctors to cast off mystery
and talk in plain English.
The Postal Progress league, at its an
nual meeting in Boston, declared in
favor of consolidation of third and
fourth class mail matter at the third
class rate, 1 cent for two ounces. This
would reduce general merchandise rates
50 per cent.
Frederick has been proclaimed king
The National Livestock association
and the American Stockgrowers' asso
ciation have been consolidated. The
new organization will be known as the
National Livestock association.
Gifford Pincbott, chief of the For
estry bureau, after a conference with
leading cattle and horse growers of Col
orado, haB devised a plan which he
hopes will end range wars in that state.
The health of Governor P attison, of
Ohio, is failing.
MINERS WILL STRIKE.
Every Mine in Country To Be Tied
Up Till Better Pay Is Secured.
Indianapolis, Iiid., Feb 2. The re'
jection of the counter proposition offer
ed bj the coal operators of the central
competitive district by an almost unan
inioua vote of the National convention
of the United Mineworkers, and the
adoption of a resolution offered by Sec
retary Ryau, of Illinois, placing the
niiuers on record as a unit in refusing
to sign an agreement for any district
until an agreement was signed for all
districts under the jurisdiction o( the
United Mineworkers, has created a
situation which, in the opinion of the
officials of the miners' organization,
will result in the disruption of the
joint agreement and probably one of
the greatest strikes of organized labor
the country has ever known.
Immediately after the rejection of
the operators' proposition the conven
tion set about to provide means for ac
cumulating a strike fund of (6,000,000
in addition to a like amount now on
deposit in the international, district
and sub-diBtrict treasuries of the min
ers' organizations. To provide for an
emergency Secretary Wilson moved
that a per capita tax of (1 a week be
voted and that all districts take care nf
the dependent miners within their
jurisdiction lor at least six weeks.
He said that after that time he believed
the international organization would be
in a position to take care of the miners.
After the motion had been amended to
substitute ten weeks for six as the time
during which the districts should care
for, their dependents, the matter was
referred to the international executive
board with power to act.
RIOTS AT CHURCHES.
Catholics Resist Entrance by Officers
of French Republic.
rans, reD. z. everywhere in
France the actual putting into opera
tion of the clause of church and state
separation bill which provides for the
making of inventories of the p.operty
oi the churches has aroused a storm of
protest. In several provincial parishes
Catholics have gathered in the churches
and made such strong resistance that
the government commissioners were
unable to enter the edifices.
In Fans today violent scenes took
place in several churches, notably that
of St. Clothilde. An inventory of the
property of the church of St. Roche has
not yet been made, owing to the op
position of the congregation, but the
defenders of the church of St. Clothilde
succumbed before the aeeault of an
armed force which acted on the avowed
intention oi ine government to use
every means at its disposal to compel
obedience to the enactment.
In the chamber of deputies this after
noon Premier Rouvier replied to an in
terpellation on the Bubject by a Social
Kt deputy. The government, however,
secured a vote of confidence by 384
against 1C6, after the premier had
assurea me chamber that toe govern
x J J l i i . 1 . .
ment was desirous of using tact and
moderation in carrying out the law.
but that it was fully determined to per
form its duty, no matter what the cost.
A dispacth from Dijon says fresh dis
turbances broke cut today in front of
the church of St. Michael. The square
as closed only after the free use of
fire hose and the efforts of mounted
gendarmes.' Many arrests were made
TURN LIGHT ON HARRIMAN.
Democrats Propose an Inauirv Into
Southern Pacific Combination.
Washington, Feb. 2. The Post will
The minority members of the house
committee on Pacific railroads got to
gether and agreed upon a plan of action
through which they hope to throw the
searchlight upon an alleged combine of
the Southern Pacific and its tributaries,
which they assert is on all fours ,with
the Pennsylvania, Baltimore & Ohio,
and Sout'-ern in the East.
A resolution will be introduced in
the house requiring the president to
transmit to congress all information
that may be in the possession of the
Interstate Commerce commission or
any other division of any department
of the government bearing upon the al
leged fact that the Southern Pacific.
Railway company is the holding com
pany of the Union Pacific, the O. R. &
N. Co. and the Oregon Short Line.
Gale Breaks Up King David.
Victoria, Feb. 2. The steamer.
Queen City, which reached Clayoquot
today, reported that the British ship
King David, which was wrecked on
Bajo reef December 13, and abandoned
by her crew while standing high and
dry at low water on the reefy broke up
during the gale on Monday, January
23, when the steamer Valencia was
wrecked. Captain Davidson and crew,
excepting the chief officer and eight
men, who were lost when goijg to
Cape Beale, to seek assistance were
saved by the Queen City.
Let People Elect Them.
Columbus, O., Peb. 2. The house
today adopted the senate joint resold
t'o urging congress to submit a consti
tutional amendment providing for the
election of United States senators by
direct vote of the people.
IN THE NATIONAL
Friday, February 2.
Washington, Feb. 2. Oratory on the
railroad rate bill held the attention of
the house for six hours today. The
speeches of Burton, Ohio, McCall,
Mass., and Rsssell, Tex., were features,
while Thomas, N. C, Burke, S. D
and Goulden, N. Y., took up particular
and specific topics.
Before proceeding to consideration id
the rate bill the house passed a bill ex
tending the public land laws to a tract
of land ten miles square in Wyoming
ceded to the government in 1897 by the
bhoauone and Arapahoe Indians.
Washington, Feb. 2. There was for
a moment today a prospect that the
statehood bid would receive .its first
formal reading in that body, always the
initial Etep in the consideration of any
measure reported from a committee.
The senate took up the calendar imme
diately after disposing of the routine
business and, as the statehood bill oc
cupied the first place, the secretary had
begun to read it before any of its oppo
nents realized the situation. He had
covered but a tew pages when Teller
put a stop to the proceedings lor the
The shipping bill was made the basis
of a running debate between Patterson
in opposition and Gallinger and Per
kins in support.
At the conclusion of this debate a
bill authorizing the treasury to investi
gate certain Missouri state war claims
Thursday, February I.
Washington, Feb. 1. The discussion
of the railroad rate bill was taken up
and prosecuted with vigor throughout
the day. So many speakers have come
to the front on this measure that the
house agreed to meet at 11 o'clock
hereafter until the debate is ended.
The feature of the debate was the
lengthy speech of Sibley, of Pennsyl
vania, who arraigned the, legislation
with arguments of varied character;
all of which tended to give his reasons
for being unalterably opposed to the
The resolution of Burton, of Ohio,
looking to the preservation of Niagara
falls, was agreed to without discus
sion. The resolution calls for informa
tion from the International commission
on that subject.
Washington, Feb. 1. The senate to
day passed 30 or 40 miscellaneous bills
and gave several hours to the consid
eration of the shipping bill. Among
the bills passed was one providing for
a delegate in congress from Alaska and
a number providing for light houses,
revenue cutters and fish culture sta-
tions. The greater part of the time
devoted to the shipping bill was con
sumed by Penrose in a speech in sup
port of the measure.
Other bills passt'd provide for a fog
signal station at Ed lys Hook light
station, Washington; construction of
one more fish cultural station on Puget
Bound, and for a tender for the light
house service in Hawaii.
Wednesday, January 31.
Washington, Jan. 31. Discussion of
the railroad rate bill continued in the
house todav. Incident to it two
speeches, the efforts of Campbell, of
Kansas, and Martin, of South Dakota,
took a wide range and swept the hori
zon of "trust evils" generally. Bart
lett, of Georgia, a minority member of
the committee reporting the bill,' made
two hours' speech, in which he dis
cussed the legal and constitutional
questions involved and advocated the
passage of the bill as a proper remedy
f r an intolerable condition. The first
speech in opposition to the bill, which
concluded the' day's discussion, was
made by Perkins, of New York. He
based his opposition to government
control of rates on an inherent aversion
to government control of business en
terprises. Rod tape and fixed condi
tions, he said were an inseparable part
ot government action on any matter.
A bill was passed granting a Federal
charter to the Carnegie fund for the ad
vancement uf teaching. The fund con
sists of (10,000,000, the income of
which is to furnish pensions to retired
Washington, Jan. 31. In the senate
today Patterson strongly endorsed the
position of the president In Santo Do
mingo and in the matter of the Moroc
can conference. He said that he was
sorry to differ from his Democratic col
leagues, but that he felt it Lis duty to
do bo in these matters. He also ex
pressed absolute confidence ia the pa
Offers to Build Railroads.
Washington, Jan. 81. Willard Reed
Green, of New Yo'k, representing a
syndicate of capitalists and contractors,
has filed a bid with the War depart
ment for the construction of the pro
posed system of railways in the Phil
ippines. Mr. Green and his associates
contend that there has been no com
petition, and that the matter is still
open, although the department has
practically accepted a part of one of
the bids. The bid presented by Mr.
Green proposes the construction of a
minimum of 1,000 miles of railroad.
HALLS OF CONGRESS
triotism of the president and in his
good faith in anuot-ncing his determin
ation not again to be a candidate for
the presidency. The remainder of the
session was devoted to a debate on the
Tuesday, January 30.
Washington, Jan. 30. Members of
the house evinced a more geuoral in
terest in the discussion of the railroad
rate bill throughout today than in any
other topic of legislation for some time.
The debate throughout was listened to
attentively and many questions were
asked of the different speaker" to bring
out eithor obscure points in the meas
ure, or evils complained of, which no
attempt had been made to include in
the bill. The debate . was opened by
Townsond, of Michigan. Adams, of
Georgia, representing the minority, fol
lowed in commendation of the measure.
and in praise of President Roosevelt's
stand on the question. Hinshaw. of
Nebraska, depicted the benefit the leg
islation would do to the great trans
Mississippi country, and Richardson.
of Alabama, , discussed as a Democrat
things doni and left undone in the
The senate today passed 40 bills,
many of them of considerable import
ance, lhe hat included a number of
measuies for light houses, fog signals.
revenue cutters and public buildings,
and also the bill providing for the re
organization of the consular service.
The shipping bill was under consid
eration for a time. It was amended bo
as to relieve it of constitutional objec
tions and Lodge delivered a speech in
support oi trie dui, in which he gave
the details of a combination of the
owners of foreign sailing vesBela for the
purpose of controlling the freight rate
in grain shipments from the United
States. There was also a discussion of
the bills making common carriers lia
ble for injuries to employes, which
arose over the question of their refer
ence to commuters, ratterson gave
notice of a speech tomorrow on the Mo
roccan and Dominican questions.
Monday, January 29.
Washington, Jan. 29. The Chinese
boycott and the administration of the
forest reserves divided the attention of
the senate today. The Chinese ques
tion came up in connection with a reso
lution of Tillman, directing an investi
gation by the committee on immigra
tion. Tillman modified the resolution
by omitting the -major portion of the
preamble, and, after considerable dis
cussion, it was referred to the commit
tee on contingent expenses.
Heyburn raised the question regard
ing the reservation of fore-its. He
sharply criticized the muthods of the
Forestry bureau and charged it with
maintaining a press bureau for the pur
pose oi attacking him. He declined,
however, to hold the president respon
sible for this course. He said that the
course was calculated to retard the de
velopment of the WeBt.
Washington, Jan. 29. What is con
sidered a strike at the railroads was
takenby the house today in the adop
tion of a resolution calling on the pree
ident to furnish information as to the
existence of an agreement, in violation
of the interstate commerce law. among
the Pennsylvania, Baltimore & Ohio.
Norfolk & Western, Chesapeake &
Ohio, Ohio & Northern Central and
Philadelphia, Baltimore & Washington
railroad companies. Opposition to the
resolution did not develop until after
it had been declared adopted by the
speaker. At this point Dalzell, of
Pennsylvania, moved to reconsider.
This motion was laid on the table with
the aid of 37 Republican votes united
with the Democrats, under a rule
which makes it impossible to recon
eider the resolution without a two
thirds vote of the house.
Saturday, January 27.
Washington, Jan. 27. In a session
of two hours today the house passed
the urgent deficiency appropriation
bill, carrying (15,216,103, incorporated
in which is a provision that the eight
hour law shall not apply to alien labor
ers on the Panama c.tnasl. In addition
it passed 262 private pension bills and
read the Mann general bridge bill,
making it the unfinished business for
Chairman Hepburn today reported to
the house his railroad rate bill with the
favorable recommendation of the entire
committee. The bill will come up
next wsek. r
Light on Boycott. '
Washington, Jan. 31 The senate
will begin the week with the considera
tion of the Chinese boycott. The quesj
tion will come up in connection with a
resolution offered last week by Senator
Tillman, directing the committee on
immigration to investigate the reports
concerning Chinese opposition to Amer
ican manufactures. When the question
was presented Mr. Tillman asked for
immediate consideration, but Mr. Aid
rich objected. It is understood that he
and other Republican senators dislike
the preamble to the 'resolution.
CAPTAIN LOSES CONTROL.
When Valencia Struck, There Was a
Mad Rush for Boats.
Seattle, Jan. 31. Little by little the
testimony of survivors of the Pacific
Coast company's Btearner Valencia, be
fore Inspectors Whitney and Turner, ia
demonstrating that immediately after
the boat struck there was a mad rush
for the boats, in which the men jostled
women aside and fought for places, and
in which the crew either was powerless
to prevent the overcrowding of the
boats, or, losing courage, joined the
There are conspicuous examples of
seamen who did not attempt to save
themaelves, and there Btands out occa
sionally a man who advised caution,
but among the majority of the crew
there seems to have spread a panic as
great as that felt by the passengers
themselves. Inspectors Whitney and
Turner the former in particular
show a sympathy for Captain Johnson
that is evident in their examination of
witnesses. Inspector Whitney today
seemed eager to demonstrate that Cap
tain Johnson intended to have held the
life boats on the Valencia Until the
morning after she struck and then send
off the passengers. He was just as anx
ious to bring out proof that the passen
gers led a rush toward the life boats,
and were responsible for their over
crowding anl loss.
Strongest of all the testimony that
bears upon the crew's responsibility is
that of Quartermaster Martin Tarpey,
who testified late today that he had
helped to lower life boat No. 1, whose
fall collapsed and precipitated the pas
sengers into the water. Tarpey says,
too, that a watchman begged the men
to stand back from the boats and give
the women a chance.
VIEW IRRIGATION WORK.
Henny Coming to Study Yakima and
Washington, Jan. 31. D. C. Henny,
in charge of government reclamation
work in Oregon and Washington, re
turned today from Holland, and will
spend several da) 8 in conference with
department officials before going West.
While here he will probably take up
with Director Walcott the proposition
of Senator Fulton that the Malheur
project be remodeled to irrigate only
those lands not entangled in the wagon
road grant or railroad right of way.
When he leaves here, Mr. Henny
will go first to the Yakima valley to
ascertain what progress has been made
since he left, then to Portland. .
Senator Gearin today asked the Re
clamation service to make an investiga
tion of an irrigation project in Crook
county which it is hoped might utilize
the water of the Deschutes river to re
claim about 1,000 acres. Mr. Walcott
told tin senator there is no money avail
able for further work in Oregon at this
time, and will not be for several years
to come. For that reason he did not
deem it advisable to authorize new
vestigations at this time.
CAUCASUS GIVING UP.
People in Thousands Submit to
St. Petersburg, Jan. 31. Alarmed
by the vigorous campaign waged by the
troops under General Alikhanoff, the
inhabitants of the Caucasus are aband
oning the revolutionist cause. They
are coming in by thousands to make
submission, and are giving the, most
abject promises of good conduct in the
future. In many cases the inhabitants
themselves have seized and delivered
up the ringleaders of the insurrection.
In a telegram to the emperor, Count
von Vorontzoff Dashkoff, viceroy of the
Caucasus, says General Alikhanoff re
ceived one deputation of 8.000 persons,
representing 'i communes, near Kwi
rili. The deputation, which was
beaded by nobles and clergymen, prom
ised to Btop the disorders, to return all
property and arms seized and to pay all
arrears of rents and taxes if the general
would not punish their people.
Another deputation broi ght in the
participants in the attack on the troops
at Tengira bound with ropes.
In the district of Osurgeti, however,
the viceroy says, the entire population
remains obdurate. One half the peo
ple have fled to the mountains and oth
ers are roaming the country, ravaging
it and burning houses.
Increase Paper Currency.
Washington, Jan. 81. Representa
tive Fowler, of New Jersey, chairman
of the house committee on banking and
currency, introduced a bill today pro
viding for the increase of the amount
of gold certificates by empowering the
secretary of the treasury to make de
posits of gold coin,in sums not less than
(20 and to issue gold coin certificates
in denominations of not less than (5.
This bill is designed to increase the
amount of paper money in smaller de
nominations. The smallest gold certi
ficate now is for (20.
Hadley Helps Ohio's Fight.
Jefferson City. Mo., Jan. 81. Attor
ney General Hadley today wrote to the
flew xork commissoner who heard the
testimony in the Missouri suit against
the Standard Oil company, asking him
to forward the testimony to the attor
ney general of Ohio.