Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 18, 1937)
HEPPNER GAZETTE TIMES, HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEB. 18, 1937.
Will Compete for
Sets Contest; Flag
The American Legion Auiliary is
again sponsoring Americanism con
tests for the boys and girls of the
eighth grade. For the girls there
will be the usual essay contest. This
year the subject is, "Why I am Proud
to be an American. For the boys
there will be given an opportunity to
study the flag of the United States,
how to display it and how to respect
it. Each week until April first there
will be printed in the Gazette Times
a list of questions pertaining to the
flag. The boys are to write their
answers to these questions. The
girls' essays are to be not more than
five hundred words in length. They
must be neatly written, words must
be correctly spelled and words must
be carefully chosen and the gram
matical construction must be credit
able for eighth grade pupils.
Both boys and girls will be scored
by their teachers on the following
qualities: scholarship, honor, service,
courage, leadership. Each of these
qualities will count 16 2-3 points.
The essays for the girls will count
16 2-3 points and the answers for
the flag questions for the boys will
count 16 2-3 points. The highest
possible score will be 100 points.
The girl making the highest score
will be given the American Legion
medal award arid her name will be
inscribed on the roll of honor which
hangs in the eighth grade room. The
girl making the next highest score
will be gvien a suitable award.
The two boys making the highest
scores will be given awards.
Essays and answers to the flag
questions must be handed to the
Americanism committee of the Am
erican Legion Auxiliary not later
than April 9.
Average Snow Less in
Mountains This Year
Medford. Less snow at high ele
vations and more lower down char
acterized the Oregon situation at the
end of January, according to a state
wide report on snow surveys and
irrigation water forecasts just is
sued. The report was compiled by
Arch Work, superintendent of the
Medford branch experiment station,
representing the U. S. bureau of ag
ricultural engineering which coop
erates with the Oregon state en
gineer and other federal, state and
local organizations in gathering such
"For Oregon as a whole the snow
water content above 5000 feet aver
ages about 70 per cent of that found
at the same time last year," the re
port sets out. "January precipita
tion occurred largely in the form of
snow at lower elevations, giving a
greater average depth there than
General heavy storms early in
February increased the snow cover
somewhat over the amounts shown
in the report just issued, Work points
out. Soil of the Oregon watersheds,
in general, is unfrozen and very dry.
Some southern and far eastern
Oregon storage reservoirs, notably
Fish Lake and Owyhee, are nearer
full than at this time last year, while
a number of other reservoirs are
still practically dry. In central Ore
gon storage is about the same as a
A summary of precipitation over
the seven range, forest, wheat and
irrigated sections reported on shows
an average moisture deficinecy of
3.18 inches for the four-month per
iod October to January inclusive.
NOTICE TO WATER USERS
Water content of snow this year
is not as high as that of snow last
vear. advises J. H. Ryan, assistant
state water master. All farmers low
er on the creeks should use all avail
able water as fast as possible to
avert shortage later.
H. A. TAMBLYN,
THE FLAG OF THE
How to Display It
How to Respect It.
Following is the list of questions pre
pared by the American Legion Auxiliary
Americanism committee on the flag of
the United States, for the eighth grade
boys Americanism contest:
1. What do flags, generally speak
2. Where do we find the origin of
3. For what purpose has mortal man,
from the beginning, used emblems
and banners of various kinds?
4. What beside war achievements do
national flaers reDresent?
5. What two emblems were popularly
used in several different designs
by the colonists in America ;
6. Describe the first distinctive Flag
indicating a union of the Ameri
7. State the resolution adopting the
American Flag. When and where
was this resolution adopted?
8. What part of this resolution means
the most and why?
9. What do the stars, the stripes, and
the three colors of our Flag sym
bolize? 10. How many stars were in the Flag
that inspired Francis Scott Key
to write the "Star Spangled Ban
ner?" How were they arranged?
1L When the number of stars in the
Flag were increased to twenty,
how were they arranged?
12. How many stars were there in the
Flag at the beginning of the Civil
13. Which was the first state to be
admitted into the Union, or rather
to ratify the Constitution of the
14. What was the last state to be ad
mitted into the Union, and in
15. When was Oregon admitted into
16. What is the Flag beside an emblem
or the Country?
17. Why are there,- seven red stripes
ana six wnite stripes in our mag.
and not six red and seven white
18. What does the Flag as a whole
19. Why is the Flag flown over our
20. When and where was the Ameri
can Flag first flown, over a public
school house in this country?
The hopes and aspirations, Joys and
sorrows, the romance and chivalry, of
the human race are symbolized in flags.
Flaers originated in Divinity itself.
When the great flood subsided, God
unfurled the first flag the rainbow
as a signal that danger was passed and
safety assured. Ever since, man has
used emblems and banners to express
his hopes, his ideals, his wars, his vic
tories and his achievements.
When man first began to live in
tribes, one of his first needs was an
emblem or flag that would enable him
to distinguish in battle the members of
his own tribe. At first this was accom
plished by using clubs of a certain de
sign. Later when shields came into
use, they had a special insignia placed
upon them as a distinguishing mark.
Still later the skins of animal3 fastened
to poles were used as flags.
From these primitive beginnings came
about the evolution of the flag as we
know it today. Every country has its
Flag. Because these emblems were
first used to distinguish the warring
tribes, we often make the mistake of
associating our flag primarily with the
wars of our country. But we must re
member that the flag represents a na
tion's peace achievements which are
often greater than those of war. The
ideals and traditions of a people, their
progress and achievements in art and
in science, commerce and agriculture,
are symbolized by their flags.
Now education is one of the erreat
American ideals. More than one of our
great statesmen has said, "The School
must save the State." So learning about
the flag, how to display it and how to
respect it should be a part of our edu
cation. When we look at our flag, and
in its stars and stripes, and in its red
and its white and its blue, we read ita
story ana near its message; when we
think what it all means and stands for;
when we think at what cost of life and
sacrifice the flag todav flies over us.
it entreats us to cherish it. to keeD it
as it nas neen nanaea aown to us ana
to DEFEND it.
Cow Testing Increases
Aid Many Dairymen
Approximately 500 Oregon dairy
men milking about 12,000 cqws are
now members of dairy herd im
provement associations in Oregon,
reports Roger Morse, extension
dairyman at OSC. These associa
tions were started in this state 26
years ago when the first was or
ganized in Tillamook county.
The value of testing is in making
a permanent record of the produc
tion and feed costs of each cow in the
herd so that "star boarders" can be
culled out, better feeding and man
agement practices adopted, and com
parisons made between daughters
and dams, says Morse. Perman
nent identification marks for grade
cows are now being worked out.
"Potato prices this year are the
highest they have been for 10 years,
and it is just possible they won't be
that high again for another 10 years.
The thing to keep in mind in grow
ing potatoes is that for every year
they sell for $2 or $3, there are two
years when they sell for less than
$1 a hundred. Unless you can grow
them for $1 you had better not grow
them at all. E. R. Jackman, ex
tension agronomist at O. S. C.
RUNNING WILY MR. COYOTE
GAVE HEPPNER MEN SPORT
Denizens, Recalls "Mike" Roberts, Lover
Strong, Fast Dogs Had Plenty of Compe
tition in Sharp Fangs and Stamina of Hill
, of Canines.
When English peers chase the no
ble stag, or southern bluebloods take
after the fox with baying hounds,
their sport is mild compared to that
once enjoyed in Morrow county hills,
opines Frank "Mike" Roberts, one of
a few old-time local sportsmen who
enjoyed running coyotes in the day
before barbed wire fences became
so numerous as to ruin the sport.
In the six or seven years the sport
was followed Mike believed 25 or 30
was a liberal estimate of the num
ber of coyotes killed, and these were
mostly six- to nine-months-old pups,
crippled critters, or ones with their
bellies full of bad horse meat.
"When it came to getting the old
boys with the square jaws, meaty
jowls and tails like horsewhips, we
didn't get them, and I don't believe
anyone else had much luck either,"
he averred in paying tribute to the
coyote as one of the smartest and
fastest of game or predatory, animals,
showing a respect gained from the
numerous times Mr. Coyote came
out ahead in the run.
Roberts and the rest of the Hepp
ner men had a hard time finding
suitable dogs for coyote running.
Dogs fast enough to catch up gen
erally lacked strength to make the
kill, while those strong enough for
the kill were usually left in Mr.
Coyote's dust. The coyote had much
longer wind than most breeds of
dogs, lasting for five or six miles
while the better dogs gave out at
two or three. In light of this fact
and the advantage Mr. Coyote al
ways had at the start, for he was
rarely sightel less than a quarter
mile distant, it took an exceptionally
fast, strong dog to stand a chance,
especially were Mr. Coyote mature
Then Mr. Coyote's method of de
fense was effective in many instances
if the dog did catch up. He had a
cute little habit of clipping the dog
quickly and deeply in the foreleg,
leaving a wound to discourage any
but the most dogged attacker a
slash from keen incisors like, that
from a sharp knife. And he gener
ally had opportunity to apply this
defense, for the dog was usually hard
pressed for wind by the time he
caught Mr. Coyote and, panting, was
forced to let go of his grip occa'
sionally to take on air. Only the
slightest interval of this nature was
needed for Mr. Coyote to get in his
It would seem that running a pack
of hounds after one coyote would
FRIDAY 7 P.
SATURDAY, 2 P. M.
FRIDAY, 8 P.
FRIDAY, 9 P.
SATURDAY, 3 P. M.
OF FRIDAY GAMES
give the dogs a big advantage. It
did if the hounds caught Mr. Coy
ote, but the whole pack was left in
the lurch more times than not. As
indicated, if one did catch up, he
rarely retained Mr. Coyote long
enough for the pack to get there.
In their experiments with many
breeds of dogs, Mr. Roberts be
lieved the greyhounds were most
effective. Russian wolfhounds, stag
hounds and various other breeds
Use of baying hounds was at
tempted, the strategy being to par
tially wind Mr. Coyote with these,
then set upon him with the killers.
But where Mr. Coyote would usually
circle when chased by other hounds,
he would keep a straight track be
fore the bayers and darkness would
set in before he could again be found
to be set upon by the killers.
The men rode horseback, and as
running over the rolling bunch
grass hills became more and more
impeded by barbed wire fences, their
sport was forced to yield to civili
Mike has long been a dog lover,
and still keeps his kennel of Irish
setters (having raised a littler of
13 puppies from last season, by the
way.) He is loaded with dog stories
and likes to tell them. He recalled
one this week.
He once raised two greyhounds
that he named Lion and Tige. Both
were strong . dogs, though not of
mild disposition, Lion especially be
ing gruff to strangers. One day in
the barnlot at Bill Cowins's, a horse
stepped on the toes of one of Lion's
forefeet, shearing them off. The
injury healed and Lion was as strong
as ever, though the mark of iden
One day Lion and Tige disap
peared. Inquiring around, Mike
found they had been seen following
two young fellows who had gone to
the Ukiah country on horseback.
One of these young fellows shortly
married Mike's niece, then teaching
school at Ukiah, and this chap gave
Lion to his wife's father and Mike's
brother, then residing beyond Pen
dleton, to assist him in running
bothersome coyotes, all unbeknown
Three years had elapsed when
Mike went to call on his brother
On entering the gate, Mike was
greeted by Lion who came wagging
from the doorway and licked his
hand. The brother came out in time
to see the procedure, and remarked
upon its strangeness, saying it was
the first time that dog had failed to
bark at a stranger.
"What? Me a stranger?" Mike
replied. "Why, that's my own dog,
Lion." And there was the identi
fication mark to prove it.
Specifications Out for
Ideal Family Partners
The ideal family man saves some
of his time for his family quality
time whether it is long in quantity
He is unselfish enough to respect
the wishes of the rest of the family,
whether on a drive or in selection of
a radio program.
He is even tempered enough so
that he at least refrains from getting
"mad" at the same time his wife
He keeps up with the world, both
as to current events and modern
And a most important character
istic he has a sense of humor.
These were some of the conclu
sions reached in a unique three-cornered
discussion address which con
cluded the eleventh annual home in
terests conference at Oregon State
college, sponsored by the extension
service and school of home econ
omics. Leading this round-table which
drew hundreds of listeners were Dr.
E. W. Warrington, professor of re
ligion; Dr. O. R. Chambers, professor
of psychology, and C. A. Sprague,
editor of the Salem Statesman. Each
confessed that his personal exper
ience as head of a family was lim
ited to "one wife and two children."
All agreed that the successful fam
ily is a cooperative affair and that
the patriarchal idea of the father
making family life revolve around
his wishes is happily past. Sprague
pointed out that some modern de
velopments such as shorter hours
and the automobile are making mod
ern man more a part of the family
Dad's relation to the children came
in for much comment, with the idea
expressed that sympathetic under
standing and wholesome affection is
fine, but that the "pal" idea can be
"But what about the ideal family
woman?" someone asked.
"Everything we have said about
the man goes for her too," was the
reply, to which one added that three
specific things the wife can do to
keep the matrimonial waters smooth
are to get up and get breakfast, be
reasonably neat in appearance, and
avoid saving up the day's irritations
to unload on the homecoming spouse.
This year's conference presented a
highly varied program on all phases
of family living and drew a regis
tration of 623 despite adverse weath
Ernest Smith was a business vis
itor in the city Monday from the
farm north of Lexington.
7:30 P. M.