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About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1936)
HEPPNER GAZETTE TIMES, HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, NOV. 26, 1936.
Dean Allen Finds European Nations
Not Trained to Handle Democracies
(Editor's Note: This 13 one of several
articles written for this newspaper by
Eric W. Allen, dean of the University of
Oregon school of journalism who trav
eled in Europe on a fellowship granted
by the Oberlaender Trust of the Karl
Shurz memorial foundation.)
By ERIC W. ALLEN,
Dean of the University of Oregon
School of Journalism.
NYBORG, Denmark. The Danes
with their hard heads and soft hearts
are, according to all reports, proving
to be very unappreciative of the
charms of Nazi propaganda. To turn
their affairs over to a dictator to
manage for them is about the last
idea that would occur to a Dane.
They are altogether too good at man
aging their own business themselves.
And, like most people with long ex
perience in democracy, they find ac
tual enjoyment in the responsibilities
of self-government. The Germans,
during their short experience with a
republic, apparently did not.
The German republic both began
and ended with the Harding-Cool-idge-Hoover
dynasty in America.
When the hard years came in 1932
and 1933, and the winds of unrest be
gan to blow, the young and recently
transplanted German republic was
uprooted, while the old, gnarled oak
of American democracy simply
changed its shape a little, losing a
few limbs here but sending out new
branches there. It can be noticed
that, the world over, the little new
democracies were overturned, while
the old, experienced, deeply rooted
ones kept their old institutions with
only minor changes.
The Scandinavian countries, like
the Anglo-Saxon nations, have a
long history of self-government.
Their kings are pleasant gentlemen
of the leading citizen type while the
real power resides in their parlia
ments and their public opinion A
dramatic picture of how very old
Scandinavian political freedom is
can be found in the fact that the
Parliament of Iceland recently cele
brated its thousandth anniversary
the oldest national deliberative as-
" sembly on earth.
The Germans, on the other hand,
had for centuries looked to their era
perors, kings, grand dukes, and aris
tocracies for guidance in matters of
major policy. Except for the hand
ful of free cities (which conducted
foreign relations) German exper
ience in self government was con
fined to the municipal plane. Right
in the midst of the post-war con
fusion, under the most unfavorable
conditions possible, they were sud
denly confronted with uncongenial
and unfamiliar job of governing
themselves. I have talked with hun
dreds of Germans of all sorts and of
every possible kind of political be
lief, and am forced to the conclusion
that they did not enjoy the exper
ience. It is possible that even the
Americans did not acutely enjoy the
last three years of the Hoover ad
ministration (the time the German
republic was tottering to its fall) but
we have learned to take the bitter
with the sweet, and are too exper
ienced politically to hope for any
thing much better from any miracle
In Germany things were much
worse than in America. Further
more and here is the fact that
shows how closely all the world is
interwoven today America made its
own contribution to the rise of Hit
ler. The German papers carried
much news of lynchings in America,
of the exploits of the Capones and
the Dillingers, of graft in municipal
administration, of Teapot Dome and
similar scandals, and what is pe
culiarly shocking to the European
peasant of our failure to conserve
our rich resources in forest timber
and agricultural soil, and also a
similar shock to the European la
borers our failure to remedy job
lessness ;n a land of great natural
wealth, or to insure any real social
security for the small man. And
this, of course, was only one ele
ment in an enormously complicated
situation, but it was critical. Many
a German came to doubt whether
the new and unfamiliar democratic
institutions which had been imposed
upon him after the war did not real
ly constitute a gold brick whether
the democratic system was any good
even under the most favorable cir
cumstances in rich and politically
In this sense, every failure of good
and orderly government in any city
or county in Oregon and in the
thousands of other cities and coun
ties in America, must bear its share
of blame for Europe's tragedies of
today. The world is small in these
days and closely knit together.
Another factor. If the allies real
ly wanted Germany to remain dem
ocratic and turn down Hitler and
his leaders, they might have had the
foresight to encourage the struggling
young republic a little. They might
have let the well-meaning Strese
mann and Bruning bring home to
Berlin a few little diplomatic tri
umphs once in a while to fortify
their own popularity and the con
fidence of the Germans in them.
Instead the victor nations, particu
larly the French, made the young
republic's life as difficult as possi
ble at every step which possibly
they might not have done had Amer
ican public opinion in Medford and
Baker and Klamath Falls and a
thousand other such cities vigorous
ly disapproved. Instead, it rather
As it was, Germany turned to the
individual who shouted loudest that
he had a remedy and freedom has
disappeared from much of the earth
and the world's leading industry is
the preparation of war materials.
The tragedy of all this for Germany
can only be appreciated by one who
has lingered there and realizes how
many thouands of kindly, fine peo
ple the country contains, how real
ly rich is its ancient culture, and
how much Germany could offer to
civilization if it could as it may
recover its sense of humor, forget
all this nonsense about "race" and
national glory and settle down to
work like the Danes to make every
citizen happy and contented and se
cure and intelligent in the light of
God's truth as it appears to the free
and unregimented but education
ally self-disciplined human mind.
Published by the Journalism Class of
ueppner tugn scnooi
Editor Maxine McCurdy
Assistant Riley Munkers
Humor, Marvin Casebeer and Ruth
Class News Necha Coblantz
Club News Lola Coxen
Band News Daniel Chinn
Girls' Sports Arlene Morton
Boys' Sports Paul McCarty
Lunch Benefit, La Verne Van Marter
Assembly Evelyn Kirk
Luncheon Maurice Feeley
Basketball Prospects Good
The Heppner basketball squad has
been training diligently for the open
ing game of the season, December 4
with Echo on the local courts.
Four returning lettermen make
the Fighting Irish's prospects excep
tionally bright. Van Marter, center;
Gilman, guard; Turner, forward, and
Munkers, forward, are the lettermen.
Turner, however, is eligible for com
petition only during the first semes
ter. For the past week, fundamentals
have been the main issue with the
squad. With plenty ' of support,
Heppner should have a team of
D. Poling was a welcome visitor
of the high school Wednesday. He
gave an interesting talk entitled "All
Beings are Immortal," and followed
it by leading the assembly in a few
of the old favorite songs. It is hoped
that he will continue visiting our
school annually to present his inter
esting educational talks.
Agricultural Class News
The Agriculture class I is prepar
ing to start the main projects of the
year. Some of the projects are the
raising of sheep, hogs, cattle, chick
ens and turkeys. Each member of
the class will keep a budget of his
project to find the operating cost and
the profit. At the end of the year
the students are going to check with
each other to see which was the
most successful project.
Eighth Grade News
James Gemmell, member of the
eighth grade, has moved to Salem
with his parents, as they are tak
ing up their residence there. James
will enter the Parrish junior high
Six weeks' tests will be given this
The eighth grade will elect new
class officers Wednesday for the fol
lowing six weeks.
Did you ever:
Wonder who Andy Davidson rides
around with after programs?
See Bill Browning testing milk?
Wonder why there isn't any larger
turnout for basketball?
Wonder how some girls got their
Wonder why times "ain't what
they used to be"?
Wonder how Munkers got to be
Wonder why Mr. Tetz brags on
the Republicans all the time?
Wonder what Mr. Peavy thinks of
Wonder whom the waltz was re
quested for at the last Parish house
We heard some of the alumni ask
ing if Heppner high was going to
have a good basketball team this
year or follow the tradition of other
Betty Bergevin: "That's a very
queer pair of socks you have on,
Vernon one red and one green."
Vernon Knowles: "Yes, and I
have another pair like it at home."
Miss Peterson: "What does HO
Harriet Hager: "Well, ah, e-er
I've got it on the end of my ton
gue." Miss Peterson: "Well, you had
better spit it out. It's mercuric ox
In the near future, probably the
second week of December, the "H"
club is sponsoring a show at the lo
cal theater. The name of the show
has not been announced as yet, but
it is expected to be a football pic
ture. Any member of the student
body will be able to sell tickets, and
the one selling the largest number
is entitled to a free pass to the show.
The money the "H" club receives
from this will go to pay for sweaters
and letters that will be earned this
year. The "H" club is hoping for
your loyal support.
Hot Lunch Benefit
Last Friday night at the Heppner
school gymnasium a program was
given for the purpose of raising
funds to provide hot lunches this
winter for the students who live in
the country. ' The program consist
ed of several selections by the school
band, under the direction of Mr.
Buhman, two one-act plays by the
junior and senior English classes of
the high school, two songs by the
boys' trio of the high school glee
club, and a piano duet by Marjorie
Parker and Mr. Peavy.
Although there was not a large
audience, the program was enjoyed
tremendously by those who attend
ed, due to the' fine music provided
by the band, the boys' trio, and the
comedy from the two plays.
The clubs have held no meetings
the past week, but intend to have
meetings after the Thanksgiving va
cation. Perhaps there will be more
enthusiasm after the time of turkey,
cranberry sauce, and the like.
T. H. Nichols, pioneer of the Lex
ington section, was a visitor here
Tuesday. Mr. Nichols could not re
call a drier fall than that just ex
perienced, though he had seen some
years in the past when snow fell on
Julian and Henry Rauch were
among farmers of the north Lexing
ton district transacting business in
the city Tuesday.
At White House
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah . . .
"King Norbest I" (above) won
great honor. But it was costly. He
was adjudged the finest of 1,000,000
turkeys, raised by members of the
Northwestern Turkey Growers
Ass'n. He was from the farm of
Ed Spaiilding of Provo. So he was
crated and sent to the White
House ... for the President's
Thanksgiving day dinner.
Dr. J. H. McCrady
P. W. Mahoney
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Heppner Hotel Building
Willow St. Entrance
S. E. Notson
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Office in Court House
J. O. Peterson
Latest Jewelry and Gift Goods
Watches - Clocks - Diamonds
Expert Watch and Jewelry
F. W. Turner & Co.
FIRE, AUTO AND LIFE
Old Line Companies. Real Estate
Jos. J. Nys
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Peters Building', Willow Street
"Just the service wanted
when you want it most"
Representing Kerr-Glfford & Co.
Buying in Heppner, Lexington,
lone. Call 11F3, lone, Oregon
Phelps Funeral Home
Licensed Funeral Directors
Trained . Lady Assistant
J. O. Turner
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Hotel Heppner Building
Dr. Raymond Rice
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON
First National Bank Building
Office Phone 523 House Phone 823
J. LOGIE RICHARDSON, Mgr.
Roberts Building Heppner, Ore.
Perry Granite Co.
Eastern Oregon Representative
H. C. CASE, Heppner
Farm and Personal Property
Sales a Specialty
G. L. BENNETT
"The Man Who Talks to
Beat the Band"
Heppner Hotel Building
Dr. Richard C. Lawrence
Modern equipment including X-ray
for dental diagnosis
Extraction by gas anesthetic
First National Bank Building
Phone 562 Heppner, Ore.
Dr. L. D. Tibbies '
Physician & Surgeon
FIRST NATIONAL BANK BLDG.
Res. Phone 1162 Office Phone 492
Anywhere For Hire Hauling
Bonded and Insured Carrier
ROBT. A. JONES, Mgr.
V. R. Runnion
Farm Sales and Livestock a Specialty
405 Jones Street, Heppner, Ore.
MAKE DATES AT MY EXPENSE
Frank C. Alfred
Attorney at Law
Upstairs in Humphreys Bldg.
Peterson & Peterson
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
U. S. National Bank Building
Practice in State and Federal Courts
General Line of Insurance and
W. M. EUBANKS
Phone 62 lone. Ore.
W. L. Blakely
Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance
Co., Caledonian Fire Insurance Co.
HIGHEST CASH PRICES FOR
WOOL HIDES FELTS
Phone 782 Heppner, Ore.