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About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 6, 1936)
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Volume 52, Number 48.
HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, Feb. 6 1936.
Subscription $2.00 a Year
GUY BOND ELECTION
SET FORJEB. 15TH
Voters to Decide on $7000
Issue as Town's Share
PWA Water Project.
CHANNEL WORK UP
Straightening Willow Creek, Crib
bing Banks In City, May Have
Assistance of CCC Camp.
February 15, a week from Satur
day, has been set as the date for the
special city election to vote on the
proposition of issuing $7000 in bonds
for improvement of the water sys
tem. PWA has passed favorably
on the project, and with passage
of the bonds, will supply the re
maining $5,727 of the total $12,727
cost of the project.
All legally qualified city voters,
whether or not they are taxpayers,
are privileged to vote, City Attor
ney Nys has ruled. Votes will be
cast at the council chambers be
tween the hours of 8 a. m. and 8 p.
m. George McDuffee, Hanson
Hughes and W. O. Bayless will be
election judges, and clerks will be
A. W. Jones, Vivian Kane and Lou
Pierce & Connor, Portland con
tractors, have already been award
ed the contract of relaying the re
maining 1 miles of wooden pipe
in the" lead main with steel pipe,
pending passage of the bonds. This
work calls for an axpenditure of
$10,127. Mayor Jones believes there
is possibility of using the remainder
of the grant for development work
at the wells to augment the supply.
The council voted Monday evening
to proceed with the work of ditch
ing into one of the wells at a dis
tance below the surface of the
ground to permit a gravity flow.
It ia the intention to issue the
bonds serially to become due after
the present bonded indebtedness
has been paid, says the mayor, so
that no incrase in taxes will be
necessary. "The city's financial con
dition is the best It has been at any
time since the big bond issue was
floated when the present water sys
tem was constructed," Mr. Jones
said. Bonded indebtedness at this
time totals $85,000, and under the
amortization schedule will all be
paid off by 1945. In addition the
tax for city purposes is now at the
lowest point it has been for many
The council set the date of spec
ial election at its regular meeting
Monday evening. Also considered
was the matter of channel improve
ment work on Willow creek for
which there is possibility of obtain
ing help from the local CCC camp.
Mayor Jones reported making an
inspection of the project Monday
in company with soil conservation
engineers. Straightening of the
channel where needed Is being con
sidered, removal of trees about the
old swimming pool, and rock crib
bing of banks. It is preferred to
put in cemented rock, which will
be done where holders of adjacent
property stand the cost of mater
ials for mortar. Rock and labor
will be supplied through the soil
conservation service and CCC, said
The mayor considered this work
to be of much Importance as a flood
control measure, as well as helping
to beautify the creek channel thru
We wish to thank everybody who
so willingly helped to sell tickets
and membership cards for the in
fantile paralysis fund, all the board
members who worked so faithfully,
also theones who decorated the
hall for the occasion and the ladies
who so kindly made cakes which
were rallied to help swell the fund,
announces Archie D. McMurdo,
Jocal chairman Birthday Ball for
the President. We also extend
thanks to the auctioneer and the
local paper for their advertising,
which was gratis. "I tried to do
this in person during the intermis
sion but the crowd was too busy
having a good time to listen for a
few minutes," Dr. McMurdo said.
The ball netted $103 for the local
TO OBSERVE ANNIVERSARY.
February 10th will be the fiftieth
wedding anniversary of Mr. and
Mrs. L. W. Brtggs who were mar
ried near Heppner on February 10,
1886. Plans are being made for
luncheon at 6:30 p. m. In the base
ment of the Methodist church, fol
lowed by a program, to which all
friends are invited.
For those unable to attend the
festivities at the church, Mr. and
Mrs. Briggs will receive friends at
thoir home at 106 West Cen
Btreet, between the hours of two
and five o'clock In the afternoon.
No presents expected. No further
Invitation will be Issued.
THEATER TO BE IMPROVED.
A contract was signed this week
for the installation of new chair ,
carpets and drapes at the Star the
ater, announces Mrs, Elaine Fur
long, manager. The Installation is
expected to be made about the mid
dle of March, The Improvements
will make the local theater thor
oughly modern in every respect,
and second to none In towns the
size of Heppner,
UPHELD TO LIONS
Visiting Evangelists Featured in
Club Program; Boy Scout Week
Observance Told by Morton.
Citing the schools as the first
defense for fighting the enemy
within our gates a more trench
ant foe than enemies without S.
E. Notson, district attorney, led an
interesting program before the
Monday Lions luncheon. His re
marks led to the introduction of
Mrs. Lucy E. Rodgers, county
school superintendent, whom he
commended highly for her Interest
and leadership in school work.
Mrs. Rodgers urged the import
ance of spiritual education In de
veloping a well-rounded education,
and in turn introduced Mr3. Helen
Duff Baugh and Miss Naomi Van
Cleave, lady evangelists holding
meetings in the city, whose work
she commended. Miss Van Cleave
who specializes in spiritual work
with children, entertained with a
reading, and Mrs. Baugh, display
ing a pleasing Irish wit, told an
amusing after-dinner story, and
concluded with an invitation to
service club members to attend the
Through invitation of Mrs. Rod
gers, chairman of the Business and
Professional Womens club commit
tee, Lions voted to join the B. P.
W. in an evening meeting in the
near future, as is the annual cus
tom. Earl W. Gordon, Joseph i:l
anger and J. F. Gault were named
to represent the Lions in making
K. L. Morton, chairman of the
Boy Scout executive committee,
told of the plans for celebrating
Scout week next week, and solici
ted cooperation ct the club in mak
ing it a success. Featuring the
week will be the annual Fathers
Sons banquet to be held Wednes
day evening the 12th, Lincolns'
birthday, in the basement of the
Christian church. Ladies of the
church will prepare and serve the
dinner. Every man in town was
urged to buy a ticket for himself
and a boy, whether or not he has
a son of his own. Another feature
will be the placing of Scout exhib
its in store windows during the
week. The following week solici
tation for memberships in the Boy
Scout Booster club will be made
Poison Rabbits Now
Advises County Agent
The present snowfall gives us
the first real opportunity for effect
ive winter rabbit poisoning, accord
ing to the county agent, Joe Bel
anger. When the rabbits have
bunched and are traveling mostly
in trails is the time when best re
sults from poison are obtained.
The formula for winter poison
ing, according to OSC extension
bulletin 390, is one ounce of strych
nine sulphate dissolved in two gal
lons of hot water and sprinkled
over ten pounds of dry alfalfa
leaves. One should be careful in
using this formula that the alfalfa
contains a very small percentage
of stems. In using chopped hay,
where quite a few stems are pres
ent, it would probably be advisable
to use less water. In any case the
hay should be thoroughly mixed so
that the moisture is entirely ab
sorbed. The poisoned leaves should
be distributed In small handfuls
in the run-ways. If the rabbits are
feeding on stacks, the bait should
not be placed closer than 50 yards
or so from the stack. Stock should,
of course, be excluded.
In using heads of rye or wheat
where alfalfa cannot be obtained,
dissolve one ounce of strychnina
sulphate in six quarts of hot water
and sprinkle over ten pounds of
grain heads. The heads should be
mixed thoroughly until all the
moisture Is absorbed. It is import
ant that the stem should be cut
close to the head so that as little
straw as possible will be present.
Orders for strychnine may be ob
tained at the county agent's office.
NEW BOOKS AT LIBRARY.
A shipment of new books was
placed on the shelves at the library
this week. Included are Quo Va
dls," Sienklewicz; "It Can't Happen
Here," Sinclair Lewis; "Pitcairn's
Island," Nordhoff-Hall; "Navarre
of the North," Darling; "The Great
Hunger," Bojer; "Valiant is the
Word for Carrie," Benofield; "West
ward Ho," Kingsley; "The Children
of Dickens," Crothers; "Black
Beauty," Sewell; Autobiography of
George Arliss; "The House of the
Seven Gables," Hawthorne; "East
Wind; West Wind," Buck; "The
Scarlet Letter," Hawthorne;
"Hands," Charles Norris; "Edna
His Wife," Barnes; "Ends of the
Earth," Andrews; "To Have and
To Hold," Johnston; "Beneath
Tropic Seas," Beebe; "Life With
The cars of two automobile deal
ers locked horns at the intersection
of Gale and Baltimore streets
shortly after noon Sunday. Wal
ter Blackburn's Ford and the
Shaw-McMillan Pontiac from Lex
ington were involved, and each was
damaged slightly. Both cars, were
travelling slowly, Blackburn going
east on Baltimore and the other
car going south on Gale. They
reached the Intersection at the same
time, and Blackburn's car skidded
into the other sideways when he
attempted to turn alongside.
Neither blamed the other.
By EDITH EDWARDS
The Lexington high school bas
ketball team defeated Heppner on
the Heppner floor last Tuesday eve
ning, January 28, by a score of
21 to 19.
The high school honor rolls for
this period are as follows: Third
six weeks Doris Klinger, Wilma
Tucker, Alma Van Winkle, Danny
Dinges, Ellwynne Peck, Edith Ed
wards, Mae Edmondson, Robert
Campbell and Jack Van Winkle.
First semester Doris Klinger, Wil
ma Tucker, Alma Van Winkle, Ell
wynne Peck, Edith Edwards, Dan
Dinges and Jack Van Winkle.
A P. T. A. meeting was held in
the auditorium last Wednesday eve
ning. After the business meeting,
a program was presented by the pu
pils of Mr. Newton's room.
Mrs. Cora Warner is visiting her
daughter, .Neva, in Corvallis.
Don't forget the carnival to be
given in the gymnasium Saturday
evening, February 8.
The regular meeting of Holly Re
bekah lodge was held last Tuesday
evening with Margaret Leach, no
ble grand, in the ohair. A goodly
number of members attended. Af
ter the business meeting a social
time was enjoyed. Gifts were pre
sented to Past Noble Grand Edith
Miller and to Cora Warner, who
had been treasurer of the lodge for
a number of years. Refreshments
were served by Margaret Leach,
Eva Lane and Merle Carmichael.
Clayton Davis was absent from
school last week on account of ill
ness. The grade school and the fresh
man boys played a basketball game
last Friday afternoon. The final
score was 11 to 9 in favor of the
Mrs. Elsie Cowins of Heppner
visited at the home of her mother,
Mrs. George Allyn. Her daughter,
Rae, spent the week end with her
The Lexington high school bas
ketball team defeated Umatilla on
the local floor last Friday evening
by a score of 19 to 16.
Miss Betty Skyles and Miss Shir
lee Smith spent the week end in
Willard C. Newton, Lyle Allyn
and Elroy Martin were visitors in
Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur Steagall are
the parents of a 9 lb. son, Wilbur
Francis, born February 1, at the
home of Mrs. Corda Saling in Hepp
ner. Walter Eubanks of lone was a
business visitor in town Saturday.
Mrs. Vernon Munkers of Hepp
ner visited at the Elmer Palmer
home last Friday.
W. B. Tucker returned home Fri
day from Portland where he spent
the past week. He reports his
daughter, Beulah Nichols, as get
ting along very nicely.
Hugh Shaw recently purchased a
tractor from the Jackson Imple
Bob Marty of Pendleton was a
business visitor in town last Sat
urday. Mrs. Harry Dinges Is all at her
home with an attack of flu.
Pete Celoria of Echo was a bus
iness visitor here last week.
The recent contest conducted by
W. F. Barnett & Co. ended last Sat
urday. Glover Peck won first prize
of a Coleman lamp, and Bertha
Hunt received a Univex camera for
A meeting of the Morrow Oil Co
operative association was held in
Lexington last Monday.
There will be a special grange
meeting next Saturday, February
8, with initiation of new members
being the main evmt of the eve
ning. All members are urged to at
tend. The repairing of the Christian
church building ia progressing and
will soon be ready to enjoy.
Rev. and Mrs. James Pointer
are visiting Mrs. Pointer's mother,
Mrs. Nettie Davis.
The infant son of Mr. and Mrs.
Allie Peck passed away at the fam
ily home Tuesday afternoon.
Mrs. William Van Winkle has re
turned to her home from Heppner
where she has been convalescing
from her recent illness.
J. H. FRAD INJURED.
An item in the city news column
of Tuesday's Oregonlan announced
an accident to J. H. Frad, formerly
of this county and now residing in
Portland. Mr. Frad, whose address
was given at 6313 Southeast Nine.'-
second avenue, was hit by a hit-and-run
driver at Southeast Duke
street and Seventy-second avenue.
He received a skinned noat and In
jury to his hands. A deputy sheriff
gave him first aid and took him
BABY SON DIES.
Robert Lloyd Peck, aged 2 months
and 10 days, son of Mr. and Mrs.
Aley Lloyd Peck, died at the hon e
of his parents Tuesday after a i
illness of a week. Funeral servlceu
are being held from the Christian
church In lone at 2 o'clock this
afternoon, Rev. Joseph Pope of
Heppner officiating. Interment
follows in lone cemetery,
IS WASCO HEALTH NURSE.
Miss Mary Van Vactor, former
Heppner girl, has been appointed
county health nurse of Wasco coun
ty, according to announcement in
the daily press this week. She has
held a similar position for several
years in Klickitat county, Wash
NEW ATTORNEY COMING.
Announcement has been made
that Frank C. Alfred of Sllverton
will open a law office In Heppner
In the near future, having visited
this city Sunday. He is a Willam
ette graduate and married.
COUNTY, LIKE STATE,
Third of Electorate Vis-
its Polls Here at Spec
CITY VOTE LIGHTEST
Cecil Registers Heaviest Ballot;
Sales Tax Hit Hardest, Student
Fees Treated Most Kindly.
Morrow county followed suit with
the rest of the state in snowing
under all four of the measures ap
pearing on the special election bal
lot, Friday. A third of the 2200 reg
istered vote was cast here with a
total of 847 voters visiting the polls,
indicating a fair Interest in spite
of adverse cold weather. The coun
ty vote on the various measures
Primary Date Change, 147 yes,
Legislators' Pay, 151 yes, 672 no.
Sales Tax, 132 yes, 712 no.
Student Fees, 173 yes, 661 no.
State results closely followed
those in this county, with the sales
tax slapped the hardest and the
student fee bill treated most kind
ly. All the measures were defeat
ed in every county
Not a single vote favoring the
sales tax was cast in five Morrow
county precincts, namely Alpine,
Cecil, Eight Mile, Gooseberry and
Pine City. No one in Gooseberry
favored the primary date change,
and no one in Pine City . liked the
idea of permitting legislators to
fix their own pay. Every measure
was defeated in every precinct of
the county. The closest race on
any measure was recorded in Goose
berry where five votes favored the
student fee bill and nine opposed it.
The heaviest vote in proportion
to registration was cast in Cecil
precinct where 36 of the 70 regis
tered voters visited the polls. Twen
ty of the 40 voters at Pine City
cast their ballots, an even 50 per
cent. Near 50 percent votes were
cast in lone and Eightmile pre
cincts, with 153 of 340 voters in
lone going to the polls, and 40 of
75 casting votes at Eight Mile. Pre
cincts casting the heaviest votes
are all strong grange precincts, re
flecting considerable interest stim
ulated by that organization.
The lightest proportionate vote
was cast in the two Heppner pre
cincts where only 286 ballots were
cast from a possible 820.
Mrs. Turner's Pupils
Presented in Recital
Piano pupils of Mrs. Virginia
Turner wee presented in recital at
her home on Church street, Sat
urday evening. Mrs. D. A. Wilson,
Mrs. Fred Parrish and Mrs. R. B.
Ferguson assisted with the serv
ing. The following numbers were
Duet, "Our Invincible Nation,"
Rolfe, Buddy Blakely and Mrs.
Turner; "The Marionette," Bilbro,
"April Showers," Staris, "Thistle
down," Bilbro, Viola Macomber;
"Fable," Schmoll, "Bohemian
Dance," Von Weber, Louise Green;
duet, "A May Day," Rathbun, Jean
Turner and Mrs. Turner; "A Forest
Brook," Ganschals, Shirley Wilson;
"Jolo," a Tango by Ruben, Buddy
Blakely; duet, "Garden of Roses,"
Ritter, Marylou Ferguson and Mrs.
Turner; "Dancing Stars," Drum
heller, Margaret Doolittle; "Sway
ing Daffodils," Overlade, Jean Tur
ner; "Dance of the Castenets,"
Brown, "Romance in A Flat," Rein
hardt, Juanita Phelps; "Gavotte,"
Mowrey, Dora Bailey; "A Fairy
Barque," Aaron, "At a Run," Mar
tin, Marylou Ferguson; duet, "The
Mill in the Black Forest," Eilen
berg, Irene Beamer and Betty Ma
rie Adkins; "Valses Op. 39 No. 15
and No. 2," Brahms, Genevieve
Kleinfeldt; "Mystic Shadows,"
Rolfe, Betty Marie Adkins; "Mili
tary Polonaise," Chopin, Irene Bea
mer; "Valse Caprice No. 4," De Le
one, Kathryn Parker; "Polonaise,"
De Leone, Wallace Lundell; duet,
With Careless Ease," Morrison,
Juanita Phelps and Mrs. Turner.
OREGON MEN AT MEETING.
Corvallis. President G. W. Pea
vy and Wm. A. Schoenfeld, dean of
agriculture, represented Oregon at
the North American Wild Life con
ference In Washington, ' D. C, by
appointment of Governor Charles
H. Martin. Oregon State college is
one of eight federal-state training
and research centers recently es
tablished in this country to provide
degree courses and conduct investi
gations in this field. Dean Schoen
feld was scheduled to address the
conference February 7 on the sub
ject, "Wild Life as an Agricultural
JANUARY MOISTURE GOOD.
. January, 1936, was the wettest
January since 1929, and one of the
wettest Januaries of record in the
last 26 years, with total precipita
tion of 1.85 Inch, reports Len L.
Gilliam, local government weather
observer. January, 1929, showed
1.94. Other wetter Januaries were
1912 with 2.29; 1916, 1.97; 1918, 2.81;
Judge W. T. Campbell and son,
Roy Campbell, motored to Port
land today on business.
By MARGARET BLAKE
A "hard times" party was given
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. David
Rietmann last Saturday night.
Hosts with Mr. and Mrs. Rietmann
were Mr. and Mrs. Werner Riet-
mann and a"d Mrs. victor
xweuueuui. gueaia gallic ui esacu
in appropriate costumes and the
evening was spent in dancing to
music played by the Botts brothers.
Guests were Mr. and Mrs. Ted
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Denny,
Mr. and Mrs. H. D. McCurdy, Mr.
and Mrs. Carl Feldman, Mr. and
Mrs. Bert Mason, Mr. and Mrs. J.
P. O'Meara, Mr. and Mrs. M. E.
Cotter, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Rob
erts, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Corley,
Mr. and Mrs. George Tucker, Mr.
and Mrs. Louis Bergevin, Mr. and
Mrs. Chas. McElligott, Mr. and Mrs.
E. P. Bristow, Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Grabill, Mr. and Mrs. Ture Peter
son, Mr. and Mrs. Cleo Drake, Mrs.
Agnes Wilcox, Mrs. Nettie Lundy
and Walter Bristow, and Mr. and
Mrs. Victor Peterson, Mr. and Mrs.
John Turner, Mr. and Mrs. D. M.
Ward, Mrs. Flora Dimmick, Mr.
and Mrs. Glen Jones and Mr. and
Mrs. Kenneth Blake of Heppner.
Mr. and Mrs. A. A. McCabe re
turned the latter part of last week
from a visit in northwestern Wash
ington. Mrs. Walter Eubanks who has
been at the bedside of her mother,
Mrs. Mary Weddle, in The Dalles
spent the week end at home. Mrs.
Weddle does not show any marked
improvement as yet.
Clarence Kruse returned to Os
wego Monday. He was accompan
ied by Mrs. Wrex Hickok who has
been visiting her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. S. E. Moore. Mrs. Kruse and
baby daughter will remain for a
visit at the home of Mrs. Lana
J. W. Schleighvoight was sur
prised at his home last Wednes
day evening with a party, the oc
casion being arranged in honor of
his 71st birthday. Dancing and
cards were enjoyed. Guests were
Mrs. Mable Davidson and family,
Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Heliker and
Donald, Mr. and Mrs. James Lind
say and family, Otto Kurth, Wal
ter Rietmann, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred
Odom and Juanita and Miss Tillie
Johnson. Music for the dancing
was played by the Davidson boys.
Refreshments were served.
Mrs. Agnes Wilcox has returned
home from Gresham where she
spent the winter at the home of
Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Blake and
children were guests at the W. J.
Blake home Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Raybum of Pen
dleton are staying at the Park ho
tel while Mr. Rayburn is working
with the bridge gang which is do
ing repair work on the railroad
Miss Dorothy Arant entertained
members of the basketball girls'
squad at the home of Mrs. Minnie
Forbes last Thursday evening. The
girls made ice cream which they
later enjoyed with toasted sand
wiches. B. A. Reynolds and T. H. Nelson
of Yakima, Wash., who have been
delivering hay near here were reg
istered at the Park hotel last Fri
H. D. McCurdy made a business
trip to Condon last Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs. Wallace Mathews
left last Thursday for Selah, Wash.,
where they will make their home.
Walter Eubanks is driving a new
Edison Morgan has purchased a
new truck for use for his delivery
W. Ray Blake of Grass Valley
stopped for a short visit at the
home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
W. J. Blake. He was enroute to
his home from a business trip to
Mr. and Mrs. Carl Feldman re
turned last Friday from a two
months' visit in California.
The card pary and dance at Cecil
last Saturday night was well at
tended and a good time is reported.
The I. O. O. F. lodge at Morgan
had a card party and dance in their
hall last Friday night.
Both boys' and girls basketball
teams played at Arlington last Fri-
(Contnued on Page Four)
Lady Evangelists Hold
Meetings, M.E. Church
Services are being conducted
nightly in the auditorium of the
Methodist church under the lead
ership of the evangelists, Mrs. Hel
en Duff Baugh and Miss Naomi
Van Cleave, and will continue
throughout next week.
Saturday evening of this week
features the beautiful "Pearly Gate
Pageant" which will be shown at
the close of the message. A num
ber of young people of Heppner
will take part
A prize will be given on Friday
evening for the largest family pre
sent, and also the children will
give special numbers in the form
of choruses, verse and readings.
Mrs. Baugh Is speaking each eve
ning in an unusually interesting
manner, and Is receiving a fine re
sponse from the audiences. Sun
day morning she will speak on the
subject "Why I am a Christian,"
and on Sunday evening, "The
Three Crosses." The people of
Heppner cannot afford to miss these
splendid messages. Mrs. Baugh
was born In Ireland and tells many
interesting things of her native
land, as well as entertains with
her natural wit and humor.
Children's meetings are being
conducted each afternoon at 3:45
o'clock. The boys and girls are
urged to attend.
TWO GIRLS HURT
IN SLED ACCIDENT
Jessie French, Dol Morgan, Making
Good Recovery; Flying To
boggan Hits Parked Car.
Painful injuries were received by
Miss Jessie French and Miss Dol
Morgan when the flying toboggan
on which they were riding Sunday
evening jumped twenty feet out
of the track and collided with the
parked automobile of Lowell Tur
ner. Spectators, including a large
number of young people enjoying
winter sports on the golf course
hillside, estimated the speed of the
toboggan at between 60 and 70 miles
The impact, resulting in many
cuts and bruises to Miss French
and a double fracture of Miss Mor
gan's arm, made large dents in the
car radiator and fenders. Marvin
Morgan, riding in front, and Al
Massey, riding in the rear on the
toboggan, escaped injury.
The young ladies were taken im
mediately to a doctor's office where
they were given first aid, and both
are reported on the mend with no
serious complications. Miss French
was unconscious until after her
wounds were treated. She is the
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. A.
French, and Miss Morgan the
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. N.
Grange Program Talked
by Council at Conclave
Sunday morning, Feb. 2, grangers
from all parts of the county gath
ered at the Rhea Creek grange hall
where Rhea Creek grange was in
regular session. Immediately fol
lowing the business of the host
grange, Pomona Master Minnie
McFarland presided over the Mor
row County Grange council until
new officers were elected: Orville
Cutsforth, Lexington grange, pres
ident; Vida Heliker, Willows
grange, vice president; Mary Lun
dell, Willows grange, secretary.
A delicious dinner was served by
the Rhea Creek ladies at noon,
following which the council met in
groups for planning work to be of
assistance to subordinate granges
of the county.
The agricultural committee with
assistance of County Agent Belan
ger will continue with rodent and
weed control, make notes on pro
gress of nursery wheats and other
crops, plan more extensive pools
and feed stores, and suggest a
county-wide grange picnic for mid
summer. The legislative committee recom
mends that the granges investigate
the attitude of candidates for pub
lic office and legislators toward
grange policies, also that subord
inate granges take up the subject
of curbing powers of the U. S. su
Vida Heliker, vice president of
the council, outlined in brief a plan
for lecturers' activities for the
year, including balanced programs.
state grange achievement program,
presentation of articles of interest
from grange and farm papers, etc.,
while Bertha Nelson, Pomona H. E.
C. chairman, made timely sugges
tions for home economics work in
Bertha Cool, chairman of Willows
H. E. C, extended an invitation to
other H. E. C. clubs and commit
tees to meet with Willows club on
May 15, in lone, for an all day
Veterans File for Bonus;
$107,000 Coming, County
World war veterans to the num
ber of 16 had filled out applications
for payment on their adjusted ser
vice certificates with Paul M. Gem
mell, adjutant of the local Legion
post, Monday. More applications
have been made since, but Mr.
Gemmell gives the amount still due
on the first sixteen applications at
$8,035. Oregon Legionnaire gives
the total amount coming to veter
ans in Morrow county at $107,000.
Total face value of the first 16
certificates was given by Mr. Gem
mell as $14,400. The average face
amount was $900. Total amount
still due was given at $8,035, and the
average amount due on each cer
tificate, $502. Amounts still due on
individual certificates ranged from
$75 to $1238..
Veterans who have not yet made
application are urged to get in
touch with Mr. Gemmell who will
assist In filling in the blanks with
BARRATT FLIES EAST.
J. G. Barartt, president Oregon
Woolgrowers association, left Pen
dleton by airplane at 1 o'clock Sun
day afternoon, bound for Wash
ington, D. C. He was scheduled to
arrive in New York about noon,
Monday. He flew east to repre
sent the wool association at the
national wild life conference hav
ing been appointed by Governor
Martin. Mrs. Barratt and Mr. and
Mrs. R. B. Ferguson accompanied
him to Pendleton to catch the
plane. He was expected home nex;
Sunday, with the return to be made
by plane, also,
BOB NOTSON ADVANCED.
Robert "Bob' Notson, who re
ceived his early journalistic train
ing as "devil" in the Gazette Times
office, was advanced to city editor
of the morning Oregonlan the first
of the month. He has been on the
night desk for some time, as well
as special writer for the Portland
PROBLEMS AT LEX
80 Attend First Annual
Meeting of Erosion
SEVERAL TOPICS UP
Advice Given on Changed Tillage
Methods, Wheat Varieties by
Leaders from Outside.
By JOSEPH BELANGBR,
The first annual meeting of the
Lexington Erosion Control district
was held on Thursday, January 30,
at Lexington grange hall. Wheat
farmers from all over the county
were invited to attend and over 80
wheat growers were present at the
meeting which got under way at
10:30 and lasted until 5:30 in the
Henry Smouse, lone, chairman of
the directing committee of the Lex
ington Erosion Control district,
started off the meeting with a short
discussion of conditions which led
to the formation of this district last
spring. R. B. Rice, Lexington, dis
cussed the trip to Douglas county.
Wash., made last spring by him
self, Frank Saling, H. V. Smouse,
Louis Marquardt and Joe Belan
ger. As Mr. Rice pointed out, the
section around Waterville is simi
lar in annual rainfall to our own
county. About six years ago they
lost over 50,000 arces of wheat from
blow. Since that time they have
changed, in their blow area, prac
tically one hundred percent from
the mold-fboard to the single disk
plow. They experienced no diffi
culty with the rod weeders in work
ing summer fallow after disking,
even with the large amount of straw
which was left on the surface. Mr.
Rice called attention to the prac
tice in that section of using deep
furrow disk drills as the best tool
they can find for working in so
much surface trash.
Officers of the erosion control
district automatically carry over
until 1937 and at this point in the
proceedings Mr. Smouse turned the
meeting into a discussion of gen
eral wheat and grass production
and soil conservation problems.
County Agent Joe Belanger dis
cussed for a few minutes the types
of erosion going on here in Morrow
county, pointing out particular in
stances where soil losses are ser
ious, and emphasizing the need for
controlling such soil losses by farm -operators
before such damage has
reached the point where further
wheat farming will become unecon- -omical.
Actual measurement of
losses of top soil in different sec
tions of , the county have shown
that during the comparatively few
years that land in this county has
been cultivated, a considerable
amount of land has lost a foot or
more of top soil. While soil losses
have not yet reached the point of
seriously crippling us, further ero
sion must be promptly checked if
this section is to remain perma
nently in the farming business.
D. E. Stephens, superintendent
of the experiment station at Moro,
presented a chart showing the close
correlation between wheat yields
and the percentage of moisture in
the sub-soil. According to Mr. Ste
phens, moisture tests taken over a
period of the last 23 years show
that there is no very close relation
ship between the moisture in the
top three feet of soil and yields, but
that there is an amazingly close re
lationship between wheat yields
and the percentage of moisture in
the fourth, fifth and sixth foot He
said that ordinarily only about one
third of the total precipitataion
goes into the ground to remain for
use by the growing wheat The
other two-thirds runs off or falls
in small amounts which go down
only an inch or so and are dried out
by succeeding winds. One of the
important problems for wheat grow
ers to solve is how to utilize a
greater percentage of the moisture
which does fall. Mr. Stephens said
that In this section an inch of addi
tional moisture absorbed by the
soil can ordinarily be expected to
produce about three bushels more
wheat. Translated into figures this
would mean that with an average
rainfall of twelve inches, the effect
ive one-third would mean four
inches. If we could raise the
amount absorbed to one-half we
would have an effective six Inches
of moisture. This extra two inches
would then mean about six bushels
more wheat under the same annual
precipitation as before.
Mr. Stephens discussed several
wheat varieties and emphasized the
desirability of expanding the pro
duction of Rex wheat. This wheat,
he said, grades soft white but has
the advantage over Federation of
being much more winter hardy, and
the advantage over Fortyfold of
being much less susceptible to smut
and of being practically shatter
proof. Yields of this wheat, where
tried, have been excellent. In dis
cussing Turkey wheats, Mr. Ste
phens recommended the expansion
of both Oro and Rio. These two
varieties yield as heavily as any
other Turkey wheat but have the
advantage of being smut-resistant.
E. R. Jaekman, extension special
ist In crops at O. S. C, gave a lan
tern slide talk on grass production
and grass varieties. Mr. Jaekman
(Continued on Pifi Fear)