Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1935)
Volume 52, Number 5.
HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, Apr. 11, 1935
Subscription $2.00 a Year
Exhibits, Program Draw
BAND GETS BIG HAND
Contest Numbers Played; Grades
and High School Show Results
of Regular Class Work.
A large and enthusiastic crowd
enjoyed the hospitality of the school
Friday evening at "Open House."
Featuring the evening were presen
tation of exhibits In the school
rooms, and a program depicting
routine school -work in the gym
auditorium. Much appreciation was
expressed on every hand of the
showing of teachers and pupils, and
the excellent progress made under
the . supervision of Edward F.
School room exhibits were In the
nature of art work, handicraft,
charts, penmanship, and other prod
ucts of class activity, revealing a
large amount of work and studious
effort. These were open for inspec
tion from 7 to 8 o'clock.
From 8 to 9 folks In attendance
were seated in the gym-auditorium
for the program. The band under
direction of Harold Buhman first
played selections to be given at the
state contest at Eugene next Satur
day, and their reception reflected a
depth of pride and appreciation In
this activity by the audience. Mr.
Buhman dedicated the numbers to
Kay Elizabeth, who had arrived to
bless the Bloom home that after
noon. Dramatization of Minnie-the-Poo
by members of the first grade under
tutelage of Miss Mildred Peregrin,
in which the little tots took the part
of animals, revealed an aptitude for
acting by many of the grade begin
ners. A style show by members of
the home economics class was In
troduced by Miss Frances Rugg,
and revealed many charming gar
ments which the students had made
under the direction of Miss Minnie
The tumbling act of the boys gym
class which followed, gave an ex
ample of feats of daring and physi
cal abilities being developed In the
physical education department con
ducted by Lawrence Winter. Grades
five and six sang "All Through the
Night," and grades seven and eight
sang "Stars of the Summer Night,"
showing the work in grade music
being accomplished by Miss Shirlee
Brownson, who also directs the
mixed chorus which sang "Those
Pals of Ours" and 'The World is
Waiting for the Sunrise," and also
the girls glee club who concluded
the program singing "The Search"
from Evangeline and "Margie in
An Apron Blue."
Other numbers were a demon
stration by Benzine Ring, high
school science club, directed by
Claude Pevey; a folk dance by
grade four, taught by Miss Miriam
McDonald; play rehearsal by pub
lic speaking class, with Bert Evans
as instructor; and demonstration
of good manners by sixth grade,
taught by Miss Mae Doherty.
After the program the main
school building was again opened
for Inspection of exhibits by visit
ors. The good attendance and ex
pressions of appreciation marked
the occasion as one of the enjoyable
events of the school year.
The marriage of Harold Ayers
son of Mr. and Mrs. Emmet Ayers,
and Miss LaVerne Brown, daughter
of Mr. Chester A. Brown, was an
event of Sunday afternoon at the
home of the bridegroom's parent
on Linden Way, Rev. Joseph Pope
performing the ceremony. Dinner
was served following the ceremony.
Guests included Mr. and Mrs. Ayers,
Mr. Brown, Mrs. Helen Christen
son, Mr. and Mrs. Pirl Howell and
family, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence
Howell and daughter, Mr. and Mrs.
Tom Howell and family, and Mr.
Vinton Howell and Miss Norma
Christenson. The young couple will
make their home here.
CHANGE MAIL TIME.
Closing time for mails at the local
postofllce has been changed from 9
to 8 o'clock p. m. each day except
Saturday when mails are closed at
6:45 p. m., announces Chas. B. Cox,
postmaster. The earlier closing
time was necessitated to meet the
change in train schedules effective
the first of April,
Fred Kruger of Hardman was
doing business in the city yesterday.
Glenn Farrens was In town yes
terday from Hardman.
NJOY OPEN HOUSE
1 935 Wheatland Baseball League Schedule
READ At TAt At , At At I At
Heppner lone Fossil Condon Blalock Arlington
HEPPNER HEPPNER April 14 April 28 May 26 May 12 June 16
IONE June 9 GAZETTE May 12 April 21 June 2 May 5
FOSSIL May B May 26 TIMES June 16 June 9 April 21
CONDON June 2 May 19 April 14 FOR April 28 May 12
BLALOCK April 21 June 16 May 19 May 5 GAME May 26
ARLINGTON May 19 April 28 June 2 June 9 April 14 REPORTS
HAS DISTRICT MEET
Local Unit Entertains Officers and
Visitors from Pendleton, lone,
Hermiston and Milton.
The annual conference of sixth
district American Legion Auxiliary
was entertained last Thursday by
the local unit with guests present
from Milton, Pendleton, Hermiston
and lone. Mrs. Beatrice Chrstoph
erson of Hermiston, district presi
dent, and Robert Taylor of Milton,
district commander, were honored
An afternoon meeting, presided
over by Mrs. Christopherson, was
held In the auxiliary rooms in the
I. O. O. F. building. Evening din
ner, participated in by American
Legion members, was served at
Hotel Heppner, following which the
Milton degree team staged legion
initiatory work In the L O. O. F.
Mrs. Harriet Gemmell was toast
mistress at the banquet, the pro
gram for which Included group
singing led by Miss Juanita Leath
ers, vocal numbers by Harry Daugh-
erty, Milton, and Mrs. Estes Mor
ton, and addresses by Mrs. Chris
topherson and Mr. Taylor. Mrs.
Christopherson also presented a
gift to Mrs. Frank Ritchie, presi
dent of the Milton unit, in recogni
tion of the Milton unit having dou
bled its quota in membership.
Other visitors included Leslie Ol
iver, John Desler, Glenn Strickler,
Wayne Brinker, Stillman Dempsey
and Charles Miller, members of the
initiatory team, Mr. and Mrs. Frank
Ritchie, Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Ford
and Dr. Birkbeck of Milton; Mr.
and Mrs. Jas. D. Todd, Mr. and Mrs.
Sam Moore, Mr. and Mrs. Lyle Til-
den and Mr. and Mrs. O. K. Mudge,
Hermiston; Mrs. Violet Lieuallen,
Mrs. Wm. Clatterbos and Mr. and
Mrs. W. E. Moore, Pendleton; Mr.
and Mrs. Fred Mankin and Mrs.
Lee Beckner, lone.
Oiling Lex Market Road
Before Highway Body
S. E. Notson, district attorney,
and H. A. Tamblyn, county engin
eer, went to Portland last evening
and will Join a delegation from Her
miston today in interviewing the
state highway commission on the
matter of oiling roads between Her
miston and Wallula cut-off and be
tween Hermiston and Lexington
With the recent grant of federal
funds for highways in Oregon, it
was believed there is good possi
bility of obtaining the work to be
asked. Local interest in the mat
ter centers in linking the Heppner-
Spray road and Wallula cut-off to
establish a cross-state highway,
making Heppner's interior route
eligible for Bureau of Public Roads
funds. Grading has been complet
ed on the Hardman-Chapin creek
sector of this road, and surfacing
will be started immediately, accord
ing to reports. It is expected the
surfacing will be completed in June,
and that the new bridge at Rhea
creek will also be finished at that
Locals Wind Up Shoot
With Perfect Score
Dr. J. H. McCrady and Luke Bib-
by of Heppner, and E. D. Green of
Pilot Rock, each broke their first 25
birds for a perfect team score of
75 in the final preliminary round
of the Oregonian telegraphic trap-.
shoot, Sunday, assuring the hyphen
ates a place in the shoot-off to be
held early in June.
Final team standings were not
given, but the locals maintained
their place at or near the lead, hav
ing been defeated in but one match
during the shoot The team line-up
has not been announced for par
ticipation In the shoot-off.
GREEN TAKES MANAGERSHIP.
Cornet Green has been named to
manage the Interior Warehouse
company as successor to Walter H.
McGhee, who with his family will
leave shortly for Great Falls, Mont,
Green was formerly connected with
the warehouse, and for the past few
months has been connected with
Ferguson Motor company.
BLOOMS HAVE DAUGHTER.
Kay Ellazbeth arrived to Mr. and
Mrs. Edward F. Bloom at 2 o'clock
Friday afternoon at Heppner hos
pital. Mother and child are report
ed to be doing well. The heiress to
the fortunes of Heppner's- school
superintendent weighed eight
pounds on arrival.
BABY DAUGHTER DIES.
Commitment services were held
at Masonic cemetery yesterday af
ternoon for Ina Fay, 15-day old
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Everett
Arbogast, a victim of pneumonia.
Alvin Kleinfeldt, Christian minis
ter, read the ceremony, in charge of
Crop Loan Blanks Ready
At County Agent's Office
Application for emergency crop
production loans for 1935 may be
made at offices of the county agents
throughout the state, announces
Wm. L. Teutsch, assistant county
agent leader, who has recently con
ferred with representatives from
the emergency crop loan office of
the farm credit administration in
Spokane. Such loans are now avail
able to Oregon farmers.
The loans are authorized to be
made to farmers for "fallowing, the
production and harvesting of crops,
and feed for livestock" under the
terms of the act which was passed
by Congress February 20, 1935. Any
amount from $10 to a maximum of
$500, or sufficient to finance seeding
and harvesting, providing it Is ade
quately secured by a crop mortgage,
can be obtained.
The applicant for a loan must In
dicate that he is cooperating in the
crop production control programs
of the AAA or is not proposing to
increase his 1935 production of ba
sic commodities in a manner detri
mental to the success of the AAA
program. As the regional office for
Oregon has been moved from Salt
Lake to Spokane, it is expected that
more rapid service will be given on
loans this year than heretofore,
County agents report taking ap
plications for approximately 1,000
of these loans last spring and it is
expected that an equal or larger
number will be taken this year.
Disloyalty Worse Than
Unloyalty, Lions Told
Whether it is worse to be unloyal
or disloyal was a question pro
pounded before the Lions Monday
luncheon by J. O. Turner, who led
a Socratic league discussion on the
topic of loyalty. The discussion was
based on the duty of citizens to their
community, and the general appli
cation of one's talents toward bet
terment of society.
Unloyalty was defined as the fail
ure to do that for which a person's
talents qualify him, and disloyal
ty was given to mean the betrayal
of trust or breaking of a pledge. In
the discussion disloyalty was held
to be the greater evil as involving
more moral turpitude.
Part of the meeting was given
over to extending congratulations
to Edward F. Bloom on the arrival
at the Bloom home of Kay Eliza
beth, and the staging of a spon
taneous shower. Fellow club mem
bers were remembered by the new
daddy with cigars, while. Mrs. i O.
Turner, club accompanist, was pre
Heppner Opens Season
At lone Next Sunday
Heppner and lone will officially
open the Wheatland Baseball league
season on the latter's grounds next
Sunday afternoon at 2:30. At the
same time Arlington will open at
Blalock, and Condon at Fossil.
Manager Al Massey of the locals
has not given out the starting line
up, but it is expected he will do the
catching with his brother Ray on
the mound. The base lineup will
probably be Lowell Turner on first,
Laurence Winter on second and
Ray Ferguson on third, with either
Rod Thomson or Leonard Gilman
covering the short patch. Prospec
tive outfielders include Merle Cum
mings, Homer Hayes, either Thom
or Gilman, and Jap Crawford.
BREAKS WINDOW WITH ARM.
A larse nlate erlass window In thp
office of Dr. J. H. McCrady was
oroKen ana Bernard McMurdo, son
of Dr. and Mrs. A. D. McMurdo, re
ceived a nasty gash in the upper
muscle of his right arm In a pecu
liar accident yesterday evening.
Young McMurdo, who had delivered
a magazine at Dr. McCrday's of
fice, was leaving when the strap
on his paper sack caught on the
catch of the screen, swinging him
around. In the motion his elbow
went through the window, breaking
out a large section which landed
with a crash on the concrete side
walk. The noise attracted the at
tention of several people near by,
who, on looking to see what it was
all about, discovered the lad half
Inside and half outside the window.
His father gave first aid immediate
ly, and a carpenter was soon on the
job to repair the window.
EXAMINER HERE 20TH.
C. M. Bentley, examiner of op
erators and chauffeurs from the of
fice of Earl Snell, secretary of state,
will be in Heppner at' the court
house on Saturday, April 20, be
tween the hours of 10 a. m. and 5
p. m. Anyone wishing permits or
licenses to drive cars should get In
touch, with Mr. Bentley at that
Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Harold
Sherer In this city Saturday, an 8ft
Buff Minorca setting eggs for
sale. Phone 1F21, Heppner. 5-8
By FRED MISENER
BAND WILL APPEAR
Seven Cars Leave Tomorrow at
6 o'clock; 25 Members and
Director to Make Trip.
Harold Buhman, director, and 25
members of his Heppner school
band will leave at 6 o'clock tomor
row morning bound for Eugene and
the state band contest where they
will play between 8:30 and 10 o'clock
Saturday morning. They will com
pete in the class D division compris
ing schools of 150 or less high school
Private cars will transport the
band, those to take cars being Estes
Morton, Glenn Hayes, Harold Cohn,
Claude Cox, Mark Merrill, Warren
Blakely and Edward F. Bloom.
Funds to the amount of $170 were
raised recently to pay expenses of
Band members making the trip
yare, cornets and trumpets, Juanita
Morgan, Jennie Swendig, Irene Bea
mer, Charles Cox, Gerald Cason,
Jack Merrill and Harry Tamblyn.
Clarinets, Harriet Hager, Ray Co
blantz, Richard Hayes ahd Omer
Saxophones, Bill Schwarz, Joe
Green and Boyd Redding.
Altos, Emery Coxen, Jesse Tins
ley and Donald Bennett
Trombones, Billy Cochell, Jack
son Gilliam and Norton King.
Basses, Jimmy Driscoll and Wm.
Baritone, Hugh Crawford.
Drums, Warren Blakely, Jr., and
By MARGARET BLAKE
George Casky of Vancouver, Wn.,
a student at W. S. C, Pullman,
spent his spring vacation at the E.
C. Heliker ranch.
Mr. and Mrs. Fred Mankin and
son Buddy drove to Walla Walla on
Saturday. After spending a few
hours in that city on business they
drove on to Thornton where they
paid Mr. and Mrs. Dwight Misner
a short visit, returning to their
Several Masons from Arlington
and Heppner visited the local Ma
sonic lodge last Wednesday eve
ning. Refreshments were served.
Mr. and Mrs. Lester Baker of
Walla Walla departed for their
home Tuesday after spending sev
eral days here visiting with Mr. Ba
ker's sisters, Mrs. J5. R. Lundell and
Mrs. M. R. Morgan.
The Women's Auxiliary of the
lone post, American Legion, is spon
soring a dance at Legion hall here
next Saturday evening, April 13.
Music will be furnished by the Six
Mrs. C. F. Feldman entertained
with three tables of bridge at her
home last Wednesday eveninz.
When tallies were drawn the guests
rouna a -snap shot of Mrs. Feld-
man's daughter, Miss Kathryn Feld
man and her fiance, Mr. Neil Shuir
man, on an attached card together
with the announcement of their
wedding date, June 1. Miss Feld
man is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
C. F. Feldman. For the past two
years she has been the teacher of
the Cecil grade school. Mr. Shulr-
man is the son of Mr. Harry Shuir
man of Keewatin, Minn., and oper
ates a Hardware store in Flint.
Mich., where the young couple will
make their home. High score for
the evening's play was made bv
Mrs. Louis Bergevin and low score
by Mrs. Bert Mason. Refreshments
were served. Guests were Mesdames
H. D. MoCurdy, Bert Mason, Louis
Bergevin, Dorr Mason, Walter Rob
erts, Earl Blake of lone and Mes
dames Ed Dick, C. W. McNamer
and John Wightman and Miss Anna
Wlghtman of Heppner.
Mrs. M. R. Morgan has eone to
The Dalles where she will take med
ical treatment for an ailment of
Mrs. Garland Swanson entertain
ed a small group of friends at her
hofne last Friday afternoon in hon
or of her sister-in-law, Mrs. Elmo
McMillan, of Salem who has been
The Women's Topic club met at
the home of Mrs. George E. Tucker
In Echo last Saturday. Hostesses
with Mrs. Tucker were Mrs. Louis
Bergevin, Mrs. H. D. McCurdy and
Mrs. Victor Rietmann. Luncheon
was served at one o'clock, followed
by the study hour. The subject of
the day was "First Ladies," and
very Interesting reviews of the lives
of the wives of our presidents in
the order of their "reign" in the
White House were given by Mrs.
McCurdy, Mrs. Victor Rietmann
and Mrs. Bergevin. Fifteen mem
bers attended the meeting. Mrs.
Tucker's mother, Mrs. Wort of Lan
der, Wyo., and Mrs. Ella Davidson
Miss Lucy Spittle visited at her
home at Astoria over the week end.
Miss Betty Bergevin, a student at
St. Anthony's academy at Pendleton,
spent Saturday and Sunday with
her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Louis
Mrs. Fred Mankin represented
the lone Women's Auxiliary of the
Legion at the district conference
held at Heppner last Thursday af
ternoon. Mr. and Mrs. Mankin and
Mrs. Lee Beckner attended the ban
quet and evening meetings the same
J. E. Swanson, A. E. Johnson,
Louis Bergevin, E. C. Heliker, R.
B. Rice and George Peck represent
ed the Morrow County Grain Grow
ers at a meeting held at Pendleton
last Thursday with representatives
(Continued on Page Six)
.95 Inch Moisture Comes
Week -End Precipitation
Sol's shining countenance is rap
idly turning the countryside an em
erald green about Heppner follow
ing the precipitation of .95 Inch of
moisture Saturday and Sunday
which came in the form of rain and
wet snow. The entire county was
ravored by the needed moisture.
with the north country visited by
rains and the mountains to the
south receiving snow reported to
have fallen to a depth of two feet
in the higher country.
Weather records of Len L. Gil
liam, official government reporter
here, show that a very little more
moisture will bring April up to the
same month a year ago when a to
tal of 1.13 inches was recorded. Mr.
Gilliam Just completed a chart
showing precipitation by months
ror the last twenty-five years. The
average for the last five years, 11.06,
is shown to be under the previous
ten-year average of 12.19. The av
erage for the years 1910 to 1919 in
clusive was 14 inches The wettest
April in this period was in 1920
when the total reached 3.08 inches.
The wettest year of the period was
1912 with 18.64, and the dryest was
1928 with 8.02. The precipitation
last year was 10.73. The complete
chart will be printed in next week's
Earl Thomson Captains
Winning U.-O. Riflemen
Besides being captain of the five-
man University of Oregon rifle team
which won the national Hearst tro
phy, announced this week, Earl
Thomson of Heppner held high gun
with a score of 198 out of a possible
200. Thomson received a gold wrist
watch for his good marksmanship.
Award of the Hearst trophy is made
to the winning team in nationwide
competition among leading colleges
and universities of the country.
Shooting in the contest took place
several weeks ago, and It had al
ready been announced that Thom
son's team placed first for the ninth
corps area. Thomson was entered
in the senior marksman class, hav
ing been runner-up in last year's
competition. His picture along with
the other members of the team ap
peared in Sunday's Oregonian.
City in Line for Aid
From 800 Million Fund
Heppner has applied for street,
sewerage system and water projects
which should be in line for aid from
the $4,800,000,000 federal public
works appropriation, $800,000,000 of
which will be applied to highways,
city, grade crossing, etc., Improve
ment, says W. W. Smead, mayor.
According to advice received
Tuesday from League of Oregon
Cities, the federal money will be
granted as outright gift, requiring
no match money, for the purpose of
giving relief. Those on relief rolls
will be given preference in allotting
Jobs, it was said. Oregon's portion
of the money for highway construc
tion has been given at $11,000,000.
BAliMAN BEATS LIEUALLEN.
C. J. D. Bauman, Morrow county's
wrestling sheriff, was followed to
Pendleton Thursday evening by a
large crowd of local sports fans,
when he beat Cecil "Buck" Lieual
len with two falls In six minutes.
The match was widely heralded and
drew a large crowd. Lieuallen, for
mer state policeman who gained
wide reknown when he assisted in
the capture of Hickman, is a for
mer Heppnerite. He now manages
an auto park in Pendleton and as
sists in presenting wrestling cards
as well as participating occasionally.
REELECTED AT ALMIRA.
S. E. Notson received word from
his son Edward yesterday that the
latter had been reelected to super
intendency of the Almira, Wash.,
schools which position he has held
for several years. Reelection in
cluded an increase in salary of $400
a year and a two-year contract Ed
ward is a graduate of Heppner high
school with the class of 1919. His
location is near the big Grand
Coulee dam project
Little ads in the Gazette Times
will sell your surplus stock or equip
ment at a cost that is surprisingly
low. Call Main 881.
HEPPNER PER CAPITA TAX
LOW, STATE FIGURES SHOW
University of Oregon, Eugene,
April 11 (Special to Heppner Ga
zette Times) The average citizen
in the average Oregon city pays
$14.81 per year in taxes to main
tain the functions of his city gov
ernment City taxes vary from
nothing at all in a few small towns
to a high per persons of $73.71 per
year. Heppner pays an average per
capita tax of $8.25.
Portland pays somewhat above
the average, $17.37 per capita, and
incidentally tends to raise the gen
eral average, due to its much great
er population. Most of the Oregon
cities fall between $5 and $12.50 per
capita, and a fourth of them are
between $7.50 and $10.00.
These and many other figures on
city assessed valuations and tax lev
ies are Included in detail in bulletin
No. 10, Just released by the Bureau
of Municipal Research of the Uni
versity of Oregon and the League
of Oregon Cities.
The average assessed value of
Oregon cities, per person, computed
on a 60 percent assessment ratio, is
$695. The average for the entire
state, Including both city and rural
DISTRICT B. P. W.
State Officer to Appear on Pro
gram; The Dalles, Pendle
ton Clubs Guests.
Heppner Business and Profession
al Womens club will be hostess Sun
day to a district conference includ
ing Pendleton and The Dalles clubs.
Honored guests for the day will In
clude Leda Parker, state president,
and Dena Backes, state secretary.
The day's program will begin at
8:30 with an executive council meet
ing in I. O. O. F. hall, at which the
state president will preside. At
10:30 there will be an open forum
at the same place with reports of
committe chairmen and the read
ing of two papers, one "Economic
Security and Youth," by Mae Doher
ty, and the other, "Economic Se
curity for the Unemployed and
Aged," by Vina Hoskins of Pendle
ton. The afternoon session will begin
at 12:30 with luncheon at Hotel
Heppner. Those interested, wheth
er club members of not, are invited
to the luncheon. The state presi
dent will again preside.
The luncheon program will open
with singing of Oregon state song
led by Elizabeth Egbert, state mu
sical director and president of The
Dalles club. Club collect will be
given by Mildred Peregrine, fol
lowed by greetings from hostess
club through Evelyn Humphreys,
president Response will be by Mrs.
Egbert Miss Peregrine and Shir
lee Brownson will sing a vocal duet,
followed by one minute speeches by
club presidents, "The Best Club
Meeting of the Year." Address,
"Steps Taken for Economic Secur
ity," will be by Dena Backes, the
state secretary. Other numbers
will include a Diana solo hv 'Ruin
McMillan; address, "National Plan
ning for Economic Security," Mar
garet Gates of The Dalles club, and
a reading hv Mr. Rr Hvpna ah.
Journment is slated at 3 o'clock.
Dean T. Goodman Accepts
Salem Position May 1st
Dean T. Goodman, nartner in
Vauerhn & Goodman Er?A AnH
prominent in social and civic cir
cles since coming to the city in
J919, announced on return from Sa-
lem ine nrst or tne week that he
had accepted a position in that city
Deginning May l. Mr. Goodman
was not prepared to make definite
announcement as to the nature of
the position or to change contem
plated in the local business. The
familv home will Tint h mnvnA fn
Salem until after the close of school.
Mr. Goodman has been secretary
of the Heppner Commercial club
for many years. He served a term
on the city council, and for some
twenty years has been secretary of
the Elka lodere. besides beinc nrnm-
inently identified with the Masons
ana astern star. The well wishes
of the entire community will ac
conroanv the familv to thoir nrw
home with sincere regret at their
FORMER RESD3ENT PASSES.
Mrs. Laura K. Goulder, 73, who
lived in Heppner with her family
for several years when Mr. Goulder
was pastor of the Southern Metho
dist church, died this week at her
home in Portland. Funeral ser
vices were conducted on Tuesday
afternoon from Pearson's funeral
church, with interment, in Rose
City cemetery. She is survived by
a son, William T. Goulder, and a
daughter, Mrs. Alberta Arbuckle,
both of Portland; and two brothers.
Albert Dawes of Blackie, Canada,
and Lee Dawes of San Diego, Cal.
NAME SENATOR TODAY.
Members of the Mnrrnw onnntv
court are meeting with mpmhpra nf
the Umatilla and Union enuntv
courts in Pendleton today to name
a successor to Jack Allen, resigned,
as state senator from this district
Dr. A. D. McMurdo has received
Red Cross certificates for presenta
tion to members of his class who re
cently completed a six weeks course
In first aid.
areas, is $725. For Heppner the
average is $488 per capita.
Gearheart, which also levies the
highest per capita tax, is the "rich
est" city in the state, with a per
capita assessed valuation of $263.
Portland ranks second with $885 per
capita, while Roseburg is third with
$809, the survey shows.
The average city tax rate for the
state, on a 60 percent valuation ba
sis, is 21.3 mills. Heppner, on a 50
percent basis, would pay 16.9 mills
per person, although on the regular
county assessment ratio the rate Is
11.9 mills. The highest is 78.1, sec
ond 75.2, and third 71.3. Of cities
over 5,000 population Corvallls Is
lowest with 17.5. Hillsboro, with
16.3 is lowest in the 2500 to 5,000
population group. In the over 5,000
group, however, Pendleton has a
lower millage levy, 13, than Corval
lls, tut its assessment ratio is much
higher than that in effect In Corval
lis. Copies of the study, which In
cludes every city in the state, may
be obtained from the Bureau of
Municipal Research at the univer
sity of Oregon.
AGAINST DIRT BLOWS
North Lexington Erosion
Control District Re
sult of Meet.
Resolutions Passed for Watershed
Protection, River Work, and
War Without Profit.
By BEULAH NICHOLS.
A meeting of farmers was held In
Lexington on Friday evening for the
purpose of forming an erosion con
trol district, as the danger from
sand blows on the summerfallow
has reached such proportions that
such a move is deemed necessary.
Existing conditions in some of the
mid-western states hardest hit by
the destructiveness of soil erosion
is a graphic illustration of the need
The district formed Is to be
known as the North Lexington Ero
sion Control district and extends
north and south from Lexington to
two miles north of the base line, t
and east and west from Morgan to
Sand Hollow, taking in an area of
approximately 95 square miles.
A committee composed of H. V.
Smouse, Omar Rietmann, Louis
Marquardt and Frank Saling was
appointed to represent the district.
They will act as an advisory com
mittee to the farmers of their dis
trict, their principal duty being to
instruct farmers in methods of cul
tivation which should be used to
prevent blows and to control pres
E. R. Jackman, extension special
ist in crops from the state college,
was at the meeting and discussed
cultural practices which should be
used to prevent blows and to control
the ones that are started.
E. C. Hill, who is in charge of the
Soil Erosion district of Umatilla
county, was also present and dis
cussed methods of control.
At the morning session of the
Morrow County Pomona grange
meeting which was held at Lexing
ton Saturday an Interesting discus
sion was held on the surplus wheat
situation in the United States. P.
L. Lundell of Willows grange was
elected as alternate delegate to the
state grange meeting in June and
Paul Smith of Greenfield grange
was elected as delegate to the
Grange Fire Relief convention to
be held the day preceding the open
ing of the state grange.
The principal speaker on the af
ternoon program was George A.
Palmiter, past master of the Oregon
State grange and member of the
present executive committee, whose
subject was "Grange Cooperatives."
Ed Dunning of Hermiston talked
on "Credit Unions," and Morton
Tompkins discussed "Legislation
and Marketing." Music and read
ings completed the program.
During the afternoon business
session George Peck read the re
port of Wells & DeLap, Portland ac
countants, who recently completed
an audit of the accounts and rec
ords of the Morrow county court.
A resolution was adopted urging
the United States Congress to take
action to get laws passed to take
the profit out of the sales of muni
tions, for the purpose of aiding in
the prevention of future wars.
In the interests of lower freight
rates along the Columbia river, a
resolution was adopted urging the
Federal Government to appropriate
sufficient money to build the Uma
Inasmuch as the grange is inter
ested in the matter of preserving
the natural watershed at the source
of Willow creek from which water
Is used for irrigation all along the
creek, a resolution was adopted
favoring government purchase of
the tract of land held by the First
National Bank of Heppner, this land
to be taken into the national forest,
thus assuring it3 protection.
During the evening session seven
members were given the fifth de
gree, which was exemplified by Lex
The next meeting of Pomona
grange will be held with Willows
grange on Saturday, July 6.
Lexington grange will meet at
Leach hall on Saturday evening,
April 13, the business meeting to be
gin at 7:30. After the meeting the
winners of the recently closed
grange contest will be entertained
during the remainder of the evening
by the members of the losing side.
R. B. Rice and George Peck of
this city, accompanied by Bert
Johnson, C. W. Swanson and Ern
est Heliker of lone, went to Pen
dleton one day last week to attend
a meeting of the National Grain
Mr. and Mr3. Edwin Ingles of
Boardman were week-end guests of
Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Campbell. On
Saturday Mr. and Mrs. Ingles and
Mr. Campbell went on a fishing trip
and returned with a nice catch of
A new concrete sidewalk has been
built in front of Leach hall and
Jackson hardware store during tha
Russell Wright who has been at
the CCC camp at Clackamas for
several months, Is visiting his par-
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