Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 9, 1933)
Twenty-Five Projects for Raising
Money on the Farm Are Given
By Economics Committee.
By Home Economics Committee,
It is the duty of Grange Home
Economics committees to help In
Grange projects wheerer woman's
work Is to be done, so long as it
does not interfere with or oppose
other committees' or officers' work.
We find that women, especially
farm women, can be of help in a
financial way, not only in their or
der, but in the community as well.
"Building Up Grange Finances"
is a timely topic, graphically set
out by our National Lecturer, Jas.
Farmer. Many of the "ways and
means" listed by Mr. Farmer can
be applied to rural communities In
general; with that view in mind,
we have selected a list of twenty
five projects from which rural wo
men in our locality may find a
combined hobby and money maker.
1. Keep cows for wholesale milk
! and cream.
2. Keep cows to raise veal.
3. Keep cows for milk and but
ter. 4. Keep poultry for eggs and
5. Raise baby chicks and eggs
Taxpayers' League Backs
County School Measure
(Continued from First Page)
Lincoln show a rather remarkable
reduction in school costs and yet
they maintain very good schools.
The cost per pupil in the Crook
County Unit for the year 1931-32
was $24.30 less than the cost per
pupil the last year under the dis
trict system in 1920-21. The cost
per pupil in 1931-32 in Klamath
county under the unit system was
$25.34 less than the cost per pupil
in 1921-22, the last year under the
district system. While figures are
not available for the cost per pu
pil before the unit went into effect
in Lincoln county, a reduction of
$36,47 per pupil has been made the
Crook County (County Unit System) .
jrilliam County (District System)
Lincoln County (County Unit System) .
Tillamook County (District System) .
Klamath County (County Unit System)
Umatilla County (District System)
These figures show that, with al
most exactly the same number of
elementary school pupils, Gilliam
county employed three, teachers for
every two employed by the Crook
county unit For every five teach
ers employed in Tillamook county
the Lincoln county unit, employs
only four for the same number of
pupils. Umatilla county employs
almost three teachers to teach the
same number of pupils that are
taught by two teachers in the
Klamath county unit Responsibil
ity for this excessive number of
teachers and the resulting expense
does not rest wholly upon the dis
trict school boards of the counties
involved. The fault lies with the
fact that school district boundaries
stand as barriers to economical or
ganization. In Oregon in 1930-31 there were:
584 one-teacher schools with 10
pupils or less in A. D. A.
210 one-teacher schools with 5
pupils or less in A. D. A.
65 one-teacher schools with 3
1930-31106 elementary districts. 41 districts levy no district school tax. (Joint
; diBtricti disregarded below.)
District tax levy in mills
District tax per pupil enrolled
District tax per teacher
assessed valuation per pupil
assessed valuation per teacher
A taxpayer assessed for $5,000
if situated in lowest . taxed
school district, would pay for
district tax, $2.50.
if situated in highest 'taxed
school district would pay for
district tax, $212.00, or over
84 times as much.
General arguments for the coun
ty unit system advanced by tax
payers and others in the counties
now operating under it are that It
is more economical, that it spreads
the school tax equally over the en
tire county and that it insures bet
ter and more efficiently-operated
schools, especially in the rural dis
tricts. They attribute the reduced
school costs and increased efficiency
of a county unit system to the au
thority of the county school board
to (1) purchase all supplies for the
county on contract bids at greatly
reduced prices; (2) reduce the num
ber of classroom units, thus re
quiring fewer teachers; (3) cut
costs of necessary transportation
through county wide planning of
routes for elementary and high
school pupils with no ' duplication
of routes; (4) consolidate schools
when money can be saved; (5) em
ploy efficient, well-qualified teach
ers for all schools; (6) eliminate the
expenses of each individual district
such as clerk's salary, bond, sup
plies and record books, cost of an
nual audit of clerk's accounts, fees
for legal services, and individual
insurance, as well as duplicate tax
lists, apportionment lists and sink
ing fund lists in the county offices.
It is significant that the Califor
nia State Taxpayers' association
has likewise urged the adoption of
the county unit system to reduce
school costs in California, It is
significant, also, that no state or
county operating under the county
unit system has ever returned to
the small district system. The con
clusion seems entirely reasonable
that one of the principal means of
relief for the taxpayer from the
burden of school costs lies in larger
school districts for administration
The committee was encouraged in
its work to note the support of the
National Grange toward a program
of more efficient organization of
Specialize in broilers.
Specialize In soft roasting
Raise pullets for sale.
Develop hotel and restaurant
Raise berries: raspberries,
strawberries, blackberries and
Raise weaner pigs.
Market garden specials.
Grow small home gardens.
Sheep for meat.
Raise pigeons and squabs.
Sweet corn for local market.
String bean specialty.
Grow early cabbage.
Cake baking special.
Bees and honey.
PLAN BENEFIT PARTY.
The Neighbors of Woodcraft are
planning a card party for Monday
evening, Feb. 13, at the I. O. O. F.
hall. Bridge and 500 will be the
order of the evening. A fresh ham
will be given as the prize in both
bridge and 500. This Is to be the
first of a series of three parties the
Neibhbors plan to give and persons
attending will receive a free chance
on a beautiful quilt which will be
given away at the third party. The
quilt is on display at the Hiatt &
Cook needs work, sheep camp or
crew. State wages. Write Box
113, Condon, Ore.
last three years from 1928-29 to 1931
32. These reductions are all the
more significant when one consid
ers that they were made over a per
iod of years when school costs on
the average were increasing rapid
ly in practically every other county.
One of the chief reductions made
possible through large school dis
tricts is a reduction in the number
of classroom units by organizing
pupils into larger groups which re
quire fewer teachers. Where the
district boundary line stands as a
barrier, such a grouping is impossi
ble. This is made clear by a com
parison of each of the unit coun
ties with a Similar county of ap
proximately the same school en
rollment In making the following
comparisons for the school year
ending in June, 1932, districts of
the first crass are omitted.
Elem. Elem. Elem. pupils
Enrol. Teachers per teacher
.. 617 28
......... 623 43
1900 . 78
pupils or less In A. D. A.
32 one-teacher schools with 2
pupils or less in A. D. A.
7 one-teacher schools with 1
Many of these small schools are
justified because of their remote
ness from other schools. Many oth
ers, however, could not justify their
cost of existence in comparing the
cost of tuition and transportation
of the few pupils to a nearby school.
Under the present system of a
multiplicity of independent school
districts in Oregon the resources
of poor districts are strained under
a high tax to provide only a meager
school program; while wealthy dis
tricts are able to finance an elabor
ate program with a very low tax.
The following figures show the ex
treme inequalities of the district
school tax in the various districts
of Douglas county. Similar in.
equalities exist In every country op
erating under the district system,
while under a county school plan
the tax would be equal over the
entire county district
1 to 127
units of government including
school distracts). Its national pro
gram on state and local taxation
contains the following plank:
"The elimination of inefficient
and unnecessary units of govern
ment and the introduction of bet
ter business practices in all gov
The committee was also encour
aged by the recommendations on
education issued by leading repre
sentatives of labor, agriculture, in
dustry and education meeting In
conference at Washington recently
(Citizens National Conference on
the Crisis in Education. This group
included Charles E. Hearst Presi
dent of the American Farm Bureau
Federation; Albert S. Goss, Chair
man of the Executive Committee
of the National Grange; Frank
Morrison, Secretary of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor; Wm
John Cooper, U. S. Commissioner
of Education; Howell Cheney of
the National Association of Manu
facturers; and Ray Lyman Wilbur,
Secretary of the Interior.)
Chief among ' the recommenda
tions made by this group were the
1. That local school districts be
reorganized and consolidated on a
more efficient basis.
2. That there be more centralized
administration and superintend
ence. 3. That all local communities
have adequate financial support for
their schools, irrespective of their
In conclusion, our committee
urges the passage of "The County
School Law" and Its adoption by
the voters In every county. It
1. That the taxpayer organiza
tions in every county appoint a
committee to carefully study and
Investigate the county plan for
schools tts a means of tax reduction.
2, That taxpayer organizations
take aggressive action in promot
ing the adoption of the county unit
In their counties as soon as possi
ble. 3. That no organization pass ill
advised, hastily-considered resolu
tions opposing the county plan for
schools without an Intelligent, care
ful study of its merits.
HEPPNER GAZETTE TIMES,
CIIU'II OF CHRIST.
JOEL R. BENTON, Minister.
Mrs. J. O. Turner, Director of Music
Bible School 9:45 A. M.
Morning Worship 11 o'clock
Senior and Junior C. E 6:30 o'clock
Eveniug Worship 7:30 o'clock
Choir ehearsal. Wed. at 7:30 P. M. I
Church Night. Thurs. at 7:30 -P. M.
Do you have a Church home? If
not then come and worship with
us. You are invited to come and
enjoy our enthusiastic and growing
Bible School; come and enter into
the reverent spirit of worship In
our morning and evening services;
young people will find a great need
met in the work of our Society of
Christian Endeavor; and all will
be helped in the best possible way
ini our midweek service, each
Thursday evening at 7:30 o'clock;
there the attendance and interest
is also growing, and we invite you
to come and have your part in the
life of this friendly church. For
the coming Lord's Day the sermon
topics will be: For the morning
service, "If Jesus Were to Come
Now." And for the evening ser
vice, "Sinking in the Sea." Come
and test the welcome of this warm,
GLEN P. WHITE. Pastor.
Mrs. C. R. Ripley, Director of Music
9:45 a. m., Sunday School.
11:00 ia. m., Morning worship
hour. Mesage, "And He Made It
6:30 p. m., Epworth League. -
7:30 p. m., Song service and gos
LEGION AUXILIARY MEETS,
The American Legion Auxiliary
had a very successful meeting Tues
day evening at the home of Mrs,
Spencer Crawford. It was decided
to hold the annual pie sale on the
Saturday before Washington's
birthday, Feb. 18. All members are
asked to furnish pies. As poppy
making has started in the Veter
ans' hospitals, the unit is ordering
its supply to be sold just before
Memorial Day. Plans for the school
poppy poster contest and medal
award ana flag code contest in the
school were discussed. Light re
freshments were served by the
hostess. The next meeting, Feb.
21, will be held at the home of Mrs.
Chas. W. Smith.
FLAMING ARROWS MEET.
The Flaming Arrow patrol of
the local Scout troop held a meet
ing last Monday night at the home
of Dr. A. D. McMurdo. Plans for
the court of honor were made which
will be Thursday night Three
members of the patrol, Richard
Hayes, Emery Coxen and Gerald
Cason, went up Willow creek last
Saturday and found a location for
a patrol camp.
Trade and Employment
(Printed Without charge. Dis
continued on notice.)
800 watt, 32 volt, Delco light
plant to trade for wheat, or what
have you. F. P. Leicht, Irrigon.
A 32 volt Delco all electric radio
to trade for wheat, or what have
you. F. P. Leicht Irrigon.
To trade, a 125-lb. boar pig for
another of different stock. Frank
Chester White boar; will trade
for what have you. Also 2-bottom,
16-in. adjustable P. & O. gang plow,
for milk cow. Sam Turner, Hepp
To trade, lumber, roofing paper,
pipe, brick, etc., for what have
you? H. A. Schulz, Heppner.
Two radio battery sets and three
phonographs for trade. Max Schulz,
. To trade, all steel horsepower
hay press for wheat or cows. Adolph
Wood" or white leghorn hens for
a garden seeder. Alfred Skoubo,
Two oil brooders, 300 to 500 chick
capacity, good condition, one prac
tically new, for chickens, turkeys,
pigs, sheep, or what have you. Rood
Chas. Bartholomew of Pine City
has Federation wheat to trade for
other wheat on basis of 1 1-2 bu of
other varieties for 1 bu. Federation,
Address, Echo, Ore.
Team of horses, weight 1500 lbs
each; also fresh milk cows, to ex
change for wheat or beef cattle.
Sterling Fryrear, Heppner.
Guernsey bull for cows or anoth
er young Guernsey bull. S. J. De
. 1929 Whippet 6 automobile, for
what have you? Mrs. Hilma An
Warford transmission to trade
for 30-30 rifle. W. H. Tucker, Lex
Shingles, lumber, 4-horse cut
away disc, Jenkin's stacker, and
two buckrakes for cows and wheat.
F. L. Brown, Boardman.
Bourbon Red toms and hons to
trade for wood. Daisy Butler, Wil
Netted Gem potatoes for wheat.
A. P. Ayers, Boardman.
Frying turkoyB to trade for
wheat. Daisy Butler, Willows, Ore.
Weanling pigs for wheat Rufus
Cowa for horses, annles fnr nn.
. ' i r
tatoes. hosrs for ootatoes. R. B.
' Bronze toms and B. J. giant
cockerels for sale or trade, until
Nov. 18. Floyd Worden, Heppner.
Yearling Durham bull to trade
for sheep, pigs, or wheat. F. S. Par
SMOKER CARD ENJOYED.
A good crowd was present at the
smoker Friday evening at the Fair
pavilion and enjoyed the card of
fered. The main event was the
wrestling match between Geo. GU-
lis of Lexington and V. J. Meyers
of Spokane, the decision going to
Gillis on two straight falls. He
proved a great surprise to both his
opponent and the fans.
Bob Benton won over Al Lovgren
in the boxing semi-final, while Dick
Kenton was given the decision over
his opponent, Russell Phillips. In
the wrestling bout between Don
Allstott and LaVerne Wright the
former was the winner. There
were also contests between the
smaller boys, these all being an
nounced as draws. Lamoyne Cox
vs. LaVerne Winters, Robert Cash
vs. John Crawford and Nalbro Cox
vs. Jimmie Farley were contests
which received much applauseu
Peter Dufault Heppner's strong
man, entertained with a number of
feats of strength, also.
DEPUTY COLLECTOR HERE.
We are informed by Clyde G.
Huntley, collector of internal rev
enue at Portland, that a deputy
from his office will be in Heppner
on Saturday, February 25th, all
day, for the purpose of assisting
tax payers in preparing their Fed
eral income tax returns for the year
laaz. it will be well to keep this an
nouncement in mind, as no doubt
many will wish to avail themselves
of the opportunity of receiving
sucn assistance as the deputy col
lector will be in position to give.
STUDY CLUB TO MEET.
The Philippines will be the topic
for discussion at the February
meeting of the Women's Study club.
The roll call topics will be Austra
lia and New Zealand, which were
studied previously. The meeting
will De held at the Walter Moore
home on Jones street, next Monday
evening, Feb. 13, at 7:45. Mrs.
Moore, Mrs. Glen Jones and Mrs.
C. B. Cox are the prograih commit
tee In charge.
FLYING EAGLES HIKE.
The Flvine- Tp-Ia Ttntrnl I A mart.
can Legion) of the Heppner Boy
Scout troor had a nnirnl hifcA lnat
Saturday up Willow creek where
inev uassea tests ana niaveo nmps
The tests nassed were nookinp- ntiH
firebuildine bv Flrnest Clark nnH
Fred Hoskins, Jr. They have made
plans tor another hike next Satur
day to their patrol camp where
they pass tests and work upon the
STAR MEETING POSTPONED.
Because of the extremely cold
weather the regular meeting of
Ruth Chapter No. 32, O. E. S. will
not be held tomorrow evening, an
nounces Mrs. Gertrude Parker, the
RHEA CREEK NEWS.
VELMA HUSTON, Reporter.
The regular business meeting of
Rhea Creek Grange was held Sun
day with a good crowd in attend
ance. First and second degrees of
the order were conferred upon Mr,
and Mrs. Chris Brown.
The master, Delbert Wright, was
unable to be present but his office
was ably filled by Mrs. Fryrear.
Mrs. Parkers resignation was ac
cepted and Velma Huston was elect
ed to fill the vacancy. The lectur
er s hour was composed of readings
centering around the birthdays of
wasnmgton and Lincoln. Also
there was singing by the audience.
Chas. Smith, county agent present
ed to Joan Wright, vice-president
of the Golden West Cookery club,
the club's achievement certificate
for having completed last year's
work 100 per cent A lively discus
sion on smut was precipitated by a
short and instructive talk on "Smut
Control'" by Chas. Smith. The
grange was glad to entertain as
their guest the lecturer of the
Lexington Grange, Mrs. Harvey
There will be a public dance at
the Rhea Creek Grange hall Satur
day, February 11. Good music
The regular meeting of the Home
Economics club will be held Thurs
day, February 23, at the hall. All
members are" asked to be present.
The most compelling cast ever
assembled in GRAND HOTEL, at
the Star next Tuesday, Wednesday
and Thursday, Feb. 14-15-16.
The answer to the retail merchant's prob
lem of how to deliver a quality product at
present day prices is
SPRING AND SUMMER LINE
If it is a suit to retail at $20, $22.50, $25,
$30, $35, $40 or $45 we can serve you with
the best made for the price paid.
Only the largest tailors in the world of
GOOD made-to-order clothes are in a posi
tion to give you a line as comprehensive as
Only a house that has been tailors for
over 38 years to the best dressed men of
America can give you these woolens of char
acter backed by the highest type of work
The Store of Personal Service
THURSDAY, FEB. 9, 1933
UNEMPLOYMENT ACT '
SIGNED BY GOVERNOR
(Continued from First Page)
chemistry and hygiene. The debate
on this bill, No. 127, was on whether
the minority report of the commit
tee that the bill do not pass be sub
stituted for the majority report
that it do pass with amendments.
The debate wound up at 3 o'clock
this afternoon with the house up
holding the majority report With
this debate taking up so much time,
the calendar for the day was not
cleared, and many of the bills up
for third reading were held over
to tomorrow's calendar.
The senate today was occupied
for considreable time on debate of
a bill aimed to repeal the criminal
Representatives of the Morrow
county district are receiving many
requests from their constituency,
with much demand evidenced for
a moratorium on mortgages and
for governmental economies, in
cluding reduction of salaries of
county officers. These matters are
still in abeyance, however, await
ing reports of committees from
which are expected proposals touch
ing on them.
TO HAVE SOCIAL NIGHT.
Willows Grange at Cecil will have
a social night in their hall Satur
day, Feb. 11. A special feature will
be a talk by one of the members
on rodent control and squirrel pois
oning; also a short program in hon
or of Lincoln's birthday. Follow
ing 'this dancing will Te the order.
The Willows grangers try to help
all who come to have a good time.
Come early and enjoy the program.
RELIEF BENEFIT SHOW
SPONSORED BY LIONS
(Continued from First Page)
of farm value and wealth can only
be appreciated by considering that
they must be multiplied several
times over In the turnover In the
annual trade of the nation; thus
creating additional billions of an
nual wealth in the form of clothing,
machinery, luxuries and everything
else that the farmer and the city
working man should be using in a
common and constant manner and
exchanging between themselves In
the ordinary course of trade."
"Business men, financiers and
manufacturers are now beginning
to realize that the continuing cause
Fri. and Sat., Feb; 10-11:
Pathe News Comedy
With TOM MIX
Tom does his stuffff and so doe3
Sun.-Mon., Feb. 12-13;
Pathe News Cartoon
With Ann Harding, Richard Dlx
and Edna May Oliver
History of the United States, to
which is added the Dix-Harding ro
mance, makes a powerful picture
for these times. "You cant' stop
Tues., Wed. and Thurs.,
GRETA GARBO, JOAN CRAW
FORD, JOHN BARRYMORE, LI
ONEL BARRYMORE, WALLACE
BEERY, JEAN HESHOLT. .
The most compelling cast ever
You owe it to yourself to see this
imiii i illinium iiiiimi 1111111111111 i
of our present profound economic j
depression lies in the collapse of
agricultural values and Income. It
Is plain that business and finance
cannot prosper without creating a
degree of stability for the welfare
of some 53 million rural Americans,
whose income has been dried up
and whose normal purchasing
power represents approximately
one third of the total retail trade of
Following the discussion Monday,
and in conformity to the wishes
of the Iinternatlonal, the local club
voted Monday to endorse the Clair
Sure there is! Ask the folks
whose forethought has Insured
Safety at Sixty.
Nineteen out of twenty fail to
provide for their own old age, or
for their families.
The little son of Mr. and Mrs.
Andy Baldwin suffered severe In
jury to his hand Monday when he
We are now equipped to
Steam Roll Grain and
Rave COPPEB CARBONATE
Will take SHEEP PELTS in
ohanga for merchandise.
DEALERS IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE
The Fight Is Still On
Yes, the fight is still on to balance our state budget. It's a real
task but balancing the Home Budget is a very simple matter when
you have such real values at your Home-Owned Affiliated Buyers
Store, right in your neighborhood.
Drop In and get acquainted with quality foods at lowest prices.
HERE ARE A FEW OF OCR MANY SATURDAY AND MON
DAY BARGAINS FOR CASH CUSTOMERS
Saturday, February, 11 Monday, February 13
HOMINY Salt and Pepper
2's. Van Camp's fancy SHAKERS
Indiana bleached Stlckney & Poors. A set of 2
C ' 1 Hf Crystai White ne"-t Salt and
all XUls Pepper Shakers tilled ready for
use. Will not corrode or tarnish
SAUERKRAUT Qet 9C
II-D 2V4's. Fancy Silver Thread
f "llf purex
Lan 11C The master bleacher and water
softener. Quart size.
PEANUT BUTTER O for 25c
H-D Brand. Full 2-lb. No-Waste
Jar. The very finest quality PINEAPPLE
Solar Brand. 2H's. Rich, ripe
slices, slightly broken.
PEAS 2 for ...29c
Rodman 2's. Tender sweet
petit pois LESLIE'S SALT
Van JSUC 2 pounds full weight, plain or
COFFEE . Carton 9C
Affiliated Buyers l's. A rich,
mellow blend. A big 5c Sugar PALMOLIVE SOAP
Stick with each pound. . .
. cwm "le new lw price
Pound 27c 3 for , ; 19c
M ALLELE AF MATCHES
rLUUiv Economy Brand. Quality
49-lb. bag matches for less
Bag 85C 6 Packages . . . 25c
FRESH FRUITS and VEGETABLE SPECIALS
POTATOES to.8; Slr Sack 90c
GRAPEFRUIT 32fit 4 for 16c
Headquarters for V
got that member into the electric
wringer. The family wasning
being hung on tns line Dy jrn.
Baldwin, when the baby in some
manner started up the wringer and
his hand was caught, the flesh be
ing ground from the fingers and
honH hfnra relief came. The in
juries were cared for by a physi
Carl Wehmeyer, on furlough. Is
visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
Fred Wehmeyer, in this city. He
has been away for the past year
or more while serving in Uncle
Mr. and, Mrs. E. N. Crouch of
Portland have taken rooms at the
Jones apartments. , Mir. Crouch is
representing the Federal Reserve
bank in Heppner.
Born To. Rev. and Mrs. Glen. P.
White, at thedr home in this city
this morning, a son. Mother and
baby are reported to be doing well.
The Gazette Times' Printing Ser
vice Is complete. Try It
Fresh and Cured
Butterfat, Turkeys, Chickens
bought for SWIFT & CO. .
Phone us for market prices
at all times.
Phone 82 IONE, ORE.