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About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1931)
OREGON lb "
Volume 48, Number 38.
HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, DEC. 3, 1931
Subscription $2.00 a Year
Business and Professional
Club Unique in Field:
President Speaks. '
RED CROSS HELPED
Ready Response Reported by Com
mittee; Plan Proposed to Assist
Unemployment .Relief. v
The Lions club, not alone in the
field of service clubs in Heppner,
welcomed the program outline of a
sister organization the Business and
Professional Womens club, as given
by its president, Mrs. William R.
Poulson, at the Lions' Monday noon
luncheon. Organized primarily for
the purpose of advancing the edu
cation of its members, the nation
al Business and Professional Wom
ens .club serves the various com
munities in which its 60,000 mem
bers are located similarly to men's
service organizations. It is the only
Buch women's organization of its
Mrs. Poulson, with other mem
bers of the local chapter, attended
a meeting in The Dalles a week ago,
addressed by the national organi
zation's president Its aims, she
said, include assisting In the educa
tion of worthy girls who them
selves are not able to pay for a
higher education, through a schol
arship loan fund, $60,000 of which
is now In use; fighting the discrim
ination against married women in
giving of employment, and a cam
paign giving especial attention to
the rural girl, whom the club be
lieves has a better opportunity for
advancement by finding a place for
herself in her own community
rather than by heeding the call to
the big city.
Locally the business and profes
sional women are sponsoring a
gymnasium class for women, the
proceeds above expenses of which
go to the national scholarship fund.
Also they are offering a summer
school scholarship to the outstand
ing girl in 4-H club work In the
Organized last spring, the club
was not In position to start work
In earnest until this fall, Mrs. Poul
son said, as meetings were aban
doned during the summer. A year
of successful activity is contem
plated. Chas. W. Smith, Lions
president, expressed appreciation
of Mrs. Poulson's comprehensive
report, and extended best wishes on
behalf of the men.
Ready and liberal response to the
Red Cross roll call was reported by
J. W. Hiatt, who with W. W. Smead
assisted in local solicitation of
-funds for the Lions. Nearly 100
per cent response was had from the
people contacted with more than
$100 received from the buslnss sec
tion which they covered. A com
parison with the contribution list
of the year before showed many
now names and by the time the
check-up is completed It. was be
lieved the total would exceed that
of a year ago.
More discussion of unemployment
relief work uncovered a new plan
whereby there might be an Inter
community hook-up for the equit
able distribution, of supplies. It
was announced that a director of
relief work had been appointed In
each community, and that each
community was gathering its own
supplies. Already, it was said, a sit
uation has arisen whereby one com
munity has more of some kind of
supplies than it has need for,
while it is lacking other supplies.
It was thought that a survey might
reveal the possibility of an ex
change between various commun
Hes so that the needs of each could
be cared for.
W. R. Poulson, In charge of local
Christmas seal sale, announced
that $50 worth of the seals had
been received here, and would be
sold this week by school children.
The proceds of the sale go to local,
state and national health work, the
Morrow County Public Health as
sociation being in charge of the
STOCK REPORTED STARVING.
Some 21 head of stock, consisting
of horses, cows and calves, belong
ing to August Raynor of Six Dollar
canyon, were reported to the sher
iff's ofllce Tuesday as being In a
starving condition. Deputy Cox
went out to investigate the matter
Wednesday forenoon, taking along
several bales of hay, and he found
that two head of the stock had al
ready died, while several others
were down. The place was desti
tute of any feed, and had not relief
been forthcoming, the entire bunch
af horses and cattle would have
perished In a very short time. Mea
sures will be taken by the author
ities to place the stock on feed.
T. C. Shankard, Insurance adjust
er from Portland, Is expected here
tomorrow to adjust the loss of the
state of Oregon and Wise brothers
In the residential fire here last
THE SQUAW MAN, with War
ner Baxter and Lupe Valez, Star
Theater, Sunday and Monday.
Ralph Harris, lone hotelman, was
doing business In the city Tuesday.
B. P. 0. E. TO HOLD
LODGE OF SORROW
Program Arranged for Annual Ob
servance Sunday Afternoon; T.
A. Hughes to be Remembered.
Each year on the first Sunday in
December all Elkdom s head is bow
ed In memory of its departed bro
thers. The annual custom will be
observed by Heppner lodge 358, B.
P. O. Elks, next Sunday afternoon
at 2:30 o'clock at its temple, with
an invitation extended to the public
to join In the rites.
The local roll of departed for the
year has but the one name, Thomas
Joel R. Benton, pastor of the
Church of Christ, will deliver the
memorial address. The complete
March, Mrs. J. O. Turner.
Opening ceremonies of the lodge.
"There is No Death," American
Legion Auxiliary trio, Coramae
Ferguson, Lenore Poulson, Eva
"Thanatopsis," Mrs. Paul Mene
gat "Recessional" by DeKoven, vocal
solo, Miss Charlotte Woods.
Ceremonies of the lodge.
Address, Joel R. Benton.
"Auld Lang Syne," American Le
gion Auxiliary trio.
Closing ceremonies of the lodge.
The committee In charge of the
service is H. A. Cohn, L. Van Mar-
ter, B. R. Patterson, Ralph Jack
son and Harlan McCurdy.. J. G.
Barratt, exalted ruler, will preside.
COUNTY 3.3 MILLS
Elimination of Property Tax for
State Purposes Amounts to
$43,000 In County.
A saving of approximately $43,-
000 or 3.3 mills in the property tax
In Morrow county next year will
result from the elimination of the
property tax for state purposes, an
nounced by Governor Meier the
first of the week. The announce
ment said that the counties would
not be asked to levy a tax for any
state purpose other than the two
mill elementary school levy, all of
which stays In the counties.
Last year Morrow county levied
$64,070 for state purposes. The two
mills for the elementary school
fund amounted to $21,070, the dif
ference to be saved next year
thereby amounting to $43,000, ac
cording to the figures of Gay M.
Anderson, county clerk.
Governor Meier said the goal of
eliminating the property tax for
state purposes, long sought by the
state government, had been made
possible by revenue received from
the Income tax, Intangibles tax and
Farmer Brown to Speak
At Lexington Tomorrow
Said to have the wit and humor
of a Will Rogers and the earnest
ness of a man fighting for a just
cause, Farmer Brown comes to
Lexington tomorrow to address a
meeting of the Morrow County
Grain growers on behalf of the fed
eral farm board and the agricul
tural marketing act. The Farmer
Brown series of meetings, which
started November 20 in the north
west, have been widely heralded
and the officers of the local coop
erative organization are expecting
a large turnout of the membership.
The meeting at Lexington will be
at 2 o'clock In the Leach building.
Farmer Brown comes loaded with
Information concerning the accom
ri'shments and alms of the farm
marketing set-up, and will show
why It Is to the farmer's advantage
to belong to the organization, It Is
said. He will answer any questions
that may arise at the meeting.
Notice is hereby given that the
County Superintendent of Morrow
County, Oregon, will hold the reg
ular examinations of applicants for
State Teachers' Certificates at the
Court House In Heppner, Oregon,
as follows; Commencing Wednes
day, December 16, 1931, at 9:00 o'
clock A. M., and continuing until
Saturday, December 19, 1931, at 4
o'clock P. M.
United States History, Penman
ship. , Wednesday Afternoon.
Physiology, Reading and Compo
sition. Thursday Forenoon
Arithmetic, History of Education,
Grammar, Geography, American
Theory and Practice, Spelling,
Physical Geography, English Lit
Geometry and Botany?
LUCY E. RODGERS,
38-39 County Superintendent.
A license to wed was Issued by
Clerk Anderson last Friday to Ma
rie Brashears of Lexington and
Walter Steagall of Fossil.
Joseph W. Rector Was
Early Settler in County
Funeral services for the late Jo
seph W. Rector, who passed away
at the hospital of Mrs. Lulu G.
Herren on Wednesday evening, No
vember 25, were held at the Chris
tian church on Sunday afternoon,
with Joel R. Benton, pastor, officiat
ing, and Phelps Funeral home In
charge. Interment was in Masonic
cemetery. These services were
quite largely attended by those who
had known the deceased from early
pioneer days in this community.
Joseph Wesley Rector was born
at Independence, Mo., September
18, 1843, his parents being Mr. and
Mrs. Thomas D. Rector, and at the
time of his passing he was aged 88
years, 2 months and 8 days. His
family lived in Missouri until
when they came across the plains
by ox team to Oregon. An Incident
of their journey to this promised
land, all of their oxen except one
died or were stolen by the Indians,
but it so happened that two bach
elors, John Day and Martin Comer,
offered the family room In their
wagon for themselves and their
real necessities. Reaching the Col
umbia river they camped at the
boat-landing at The Dalles from
where they took passage for Port-'
land where they lived for some
time, then going to Astoria and
later to Salem where the home of
the family was established on a
Mr. Rector was a blacksmith by
trade and as a young man he work
ed at Salem, Walla Walla, Heppner
and Portland. In 1878 he came to
Heppner with Willard Herren and
located on a homestead on Hinton
creek about three miles east of
Heppner. He eventually went into
the cattle business and added to
his Hinton creek ranch until he
had accumulated quite a large body
of land. He retired from the
ranching business several years ago
and came to Heppner, spending his
remaining "days here, but retaining
his Interests in the ranch that had
been his home from the time he
took the homestead In 1878.
He is survived by two brothers,
Charles Henry Rector of St. Marys,
Idaho, and Franklin Rector of Spo
kane, Wash. One brother, Enoch,
and two sisters, Margaret Rector
Carter and Kate Rector Haydon,
have children living in Idaho, Ore
gon and Washington. J. L. Carter,
a brother-in-law. of Mr. Rector,
came from his home at Portland
to be present at the funeral.
5th District President
Visits Woman's Club
Mrs. E. D. Towler of La Grande,
president for fifth district of Ore
gon Federation of Woman's Clubs,
was guest of honor at a luncheon
given by the Heppner Woman's
club at the home of Mrs. Lillian
Turner last Friday. Accompanying
Mrs. Towler was her sister, Miss
Phyllis Chandler of Portland, also
an honored guest The subject of
Mrs. Towler's talk was the district
convention at Pendleton next week,
at which a large attendance from
Heppner was hoped for.
Local women present at the lun
cheon included Mrs. Turner, presi
dent of the local club; Mrs. J. F.
Lucas, secretary; Mrs. W. O. Dix,
Mrs. Harold Case, Mrs. W. P. Ma
honey, Mrs. T. J Humphreys, Mrs
Paul Marble, Mrs. W. E. Moore,
Mrs Charles Cox, Mrs. C. W. Mc
Namer, Mrs. Earl Gordon, Mrs.
Russoll Pratt, Mrs. George Thom
son, Mrs. Glenn Jones, Mrs W. E.
Pruyn, Mrs. Lucy Rodgers and Mrs.
J. O. Turner.
By MARGARET HOWARD
At the Alpine Farm Bureau meet
ing to be held Saturday evening, a
good time is expected. There will
be a varied program after which
the pies will be auctioned. The
money raised will be used In buy
lngthe Christmas treat, so we hope
everybody will help.
It snowed all day Wednesday In
the Alpine vicinity and a little at
times since, so the farmers are
now unable to complete their fall
Mrs. Frank Kilkenny and her
daughter-in-law, May Kilkenny,
and Peggy, were at Mrs. B. P.
Doherty's for Thanksgiving dinner
Mr. and Mrs. John Moore and
Johnnie, Audrey and Naomi, were
gueses of Mr. and Mrs. Gunnar
Lindhe in Pendleton during the
Miss Rose Sandborne, who has
been at the Frank Kilkenny ranch
In Sand Hollow is now visiting In
Heppner where she will remain for
Henry Rauch and the children
visited at Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph
Mr. and Mrs. Irl Clary and chil
dren, Mrs. Margaret Pedicord, Wil
lard Hawley, Bruce, Vevel and
Gene Scnter and Russell Moore
spent Thursday afternoon at the
home of Mr. and Mrs. Bert Michel.
There were several very close
games of pinochle and solo played.
Kenneth Gelger has been confin
ed to his bed for the last week. He
is having serious trouble with his
Mrs. Rose Sandborne, James
Hlgglns, John Curran and John
Ward were at the Kinkenny home
Miss Camilla Kilkenny and her
brother were in Hoppner Saturday
MIbs Rosella Doherty's attend
ance record for the month ending
Nov. 27 was 100 per cent. This Is
the third perfect record they have
(Continued on Page Six)
HOOK IN BATTLE
Prankish Nature Stages
Clash of Winds, With
Heppner in Center.
THAW AND SNOW HIT
Moderation and Rain Visit South
End While Eight Inches of the
Beautiful Comes to North.
Mother Nature was of a prankish
disposition yesterday as she staged
a battle of the winds at Heppner,
To the south the warm chlnook
held sway, and to the north the
cold nor'wester blew, coming to
gether here to brine the moisture
precipitation in the form of sleet
and rain, though the fall was light
Rain was the order in the hills to
the south while eight inches of
snow fell to the north, between Lex
ington and the river. The temper
ature moderated for a very short
time here as the chlnook was mo
mentarily felt, then dropped as the
nor'wester got the best of the bat
tle, chiling pedestrians to the mar
row. This morning Old Sol gleam
ed brightly for a while, and with
all winds laid low, a crisp cold pre
Adam Knoblock, government
trapper, who' walked into the post
office yesterday morning, his clo
thes covered with Ice, was not ap
preciative of the prank. He had
just come off Heppner flats where
it was raining, and as he pulled
down into the valley the nor'wester
turned the water In his wet cloth
ing into solid ice, affording him a
private refrigerating plant.
Winter's first appearance was
made here a week ago yesterday,
when snow followed a warm rain
which is believed to have effective-,
ly ridded the ground of frost The
temperature fell gradually with
clear nights, reaching the low point
of 2 degrees above zero Saturday
night, according to Frank Gilliam,
government weather observer. The
temperature hovered between zero
and 30 degrees above, until yester
day morning when, for a short time
moderation reached a point which
turned the descending sleet into
rain. The nor'wester soon got the
best of the chlnook, however, and
the temperature again dropped.
The cold snap, one of the earliest
of record here, has had the usual
effect of Inconveniencing residents
through freezing water pipes and
plumbers have been largely In de
mand. So far the snow has not
been heavy enough to block travel
on the highways, though those who
have ventured forth by car have
found the going treacherous and
several cars were reported to have
slid .off the road.
Stockmen have probably felt the
greatest effect of the snap. They
have been forced to start feeding
their stock several weeks earlier
than was anticipated, and many
report feed insufficient if no break
occurs in the weather before the
scheduled advent of spring.
Local Futures Market
Active as Wheat Skids
The recent advance In wheat
prices has been gradually dwind
ling away and the prevailing senti
ment is again bearish, but the low
relative value of wheat is still a
decidedly bullish factor, reports the
Portland Grain exchange for week
ending November 28.
The world situation of wheat sup
plies at this time balances pretty
well with the figures of a year ago.
Australia and Argentina estimate
harvests to yield about 60 to 100
million bushels under last year,
while 36 Northern Hemisphere
countries show a harvest of 31 mil
lion bushels less. The 'world's vis
ible supply this year almost bal
ances this reduction in yield.
The drastic decline of sterling ex
change during the week, made the
possibility of export business more
remote than ever and the only bus
iness reported locally was about
300 tons worked for shipment to
The futures markets of the Pa
cific Northwest are again very 'ac
tive and proving their value In af
fording a trading medium for local
wheat at a time when outside bus
iness is rather dull and receipts at
terminals are of considerable pro
portions. Portland futures show net de
clines for the week of 8Ho for the
December delivery and 3 7-8c per
bushel for the May.
Portland, Astoria and Longvlew
visible supply 4,092,455 bushels
.Portland car receipts for the
week: wheat 369, flour 113, oats 13,
barley 4, corn 22, hay 14.
To Sound Fire Siren
At 9 Each Evening
From Marshal Deyln, "this paper
has the Information that from this
date forward, the fire siren will be
sounded each evening at 9 o'clock.
This Is done for the double pur
pose of trying the siren to keep it
In working order, and as a curfew,
warning children that it Is time
they were off the streets and at
home. So If you are disturbed by
the fire alarm at this hour, you
may know why and not chase out
to locate a blaze somewhere.
JENNIE E. McMURRAY.
Winter weather has come a little
early this year. Last week snow
fell in the lone district to a depth
of about five Inches and the mer
cury dropped to the zero mark. The
ground is still covered with snow
but the temperature has moderated
The young people of the town are
using the Gorger loading platform
near the railroad track as a tobog
gan slide and are Indeed having a
jolly time, greatly enjoying the
snow even if the older people are
Mrs Elmer Griffith who nas been
very ill, is now rapidly improving.
During the Union Sunday school
hour at the Christian church Sun
day a vote was taken to decide
whether to continue or discontinue
the Union Sunday school. The vote
was strongly In favor of continuing
and union literature is being order
ed and plans are under way for a
Bunchgrass Rebekah Lodge No.
91 elected officers at their last reg
ular meeting as follows: Edith Mat
thews, N. G.; Fern Turner, V. G.;
Lena Lundell, secretary; and Etta
Bristow, treasurer. Appointive of
ficers will be announced before In
stallation, which will take place the
first of the year.
Jack Grimes recently made a trip
to his ranch near Trent He was
accompanied by Bill Whitson who
remained in Portland until after
Thanksgiving guests at the John
Grimes home were Mrs. Grimes'
son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and
Mrs. Carl Leathers of Hardman,
her neice, Mrs. William Whitson
of lone, and William Windsor of
Hank Adams, "Baldy" Hayes and
Carl Troedson returned home last
Friday after an absence of three
weeks. The three gentlemen visit
ed Hoover dam and continued
their sight seeing trip as far south
as Tia Juana, Mexico. While they
enjoyed the trip, they state that
Oregon never before looked so good
Guests at the Carl Feldman home
on Thanksgiving day were Mr. and
Mrs. John Wilt of Grass Valley and
Neil Shuirman and Harold Buh
man of Heppner.
Mr. and Mrs. J. E., Swanson were
hosts at a six o'clock dinner Sat
urday evening complimenting their
two sons, Garland and Norman
Swanson, students at Salem, who
were home for the Thanksgiving
vacation. Seated at the table, be-
sides the honorees were Miss Eva I
Swanson, Miss Norma Swanson,
Carlton Swanson, Mr. and Mrs.
Frank Lundell, Mr. and Mrs.
Franklin Lindstrom, Miss Veda Eu
banks, and Carl Troedson. Follow
ing the dinner the young people at
tended the grange dance at Lexing
ton. Those enjoying turkey at the J.
E. Swanson home on Thanksgiving
day were Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Swan
son, Norma and Carlton, F. A. Lun
dell and the five members of the
J. E. Swanson family.
Those enjoying the sumptuous
dinner at the Ernest Lundell home
Thursday were the immediate
members of the family and Mr. and
Mrs. Frank Lundell and Mr. and
Mrs. Cleo Drake.
Sixteen gathered around the fes
tive board at the J. W. Howk home
Thanksgiving. Present were Mr.
and Mrs. Charley O'Conner and
son Charles, Miss Elmlra O'Conner.
Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Linn, Mr. and
Mrs. Walter Linn of Morgan, Elmer
Griffith, and Virginia, Katherine,
George and June Griffith.
Mrs. Esper Hansen returned Sun
day to her home in Portland after
a pleasant week's visit with home
Mr. and Mrs. Thoma3 J. David
son and little daughter departed
Sunday for their home In Los An
geles. Enroute Mr. Davidson will
spend a short time In Portland on
business for the American Gas as
sociation by whom he is employed.
Mr. and Mrs. Davidson were ac
companied as far as Arlington by
Mr. and Mrs. Harlan McCurdy.
The Edward Lindeken family re
turned home Sunday from Wood
burn where they had spent the
Thanksgiving holidays with Mrs.
Lindeken's parents, Mr. and Mrs.
L. H. Grossman. Mr. Lindeken
states that as he neared home he
found stretches of slippery road,
making driving difficult and dan
gerous. They witnessed the load
ing in Salem of Tusco, famed ten
ton elephant that was being taken
by truck to his winter quarters in
Portland. The huge beat was in
an ugly mood and Mr. Lindeken
said even the road hogs were will
ing to give him more than his share
of the road.
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Engelman
entertained at Thanksgiving dinner
the following guests: Mr. and Mrs.
Walter Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. Fred
Nlchoson, Mr. and Mrs. John Tur
ner ef Heppner and Mrs. Esper
Hansen of Portland.
Mr. and Mrs. Willard Blake were
hosts at a family dinner Thursday
served at the home of their son
and daughter-in-law, Mr. and Mrs.
Kenneth Blake, In lone. Plates
were laid for sixteen as follows:
Mr. and- Mrs. Ed Moore, Mr. and
Mrs. Earl Blake, Mary K., Helen
and Joan, Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth
Blake, Bethel and Billy, Mr. and
Mrs. Ray Blake and Marjory of
Grass Valley, and the host and
hostess. Mr. and Mrs. Blake and
Mr. and Mrs. Wilt who had been
guests at the Feldman home, de
parted the same evening for their
home in Grass Valley.
Mr. and Mrs. Louis Berglven and
children motored to Pendleton last
Wednesday where Mrs. Bergevin
took train for Baker to spend the
STAGE AND SEDAN
COLLIDE NEAR I0NE
5-Day Abandonment of Run Ex
pected; Injuries to Occupants
A head-on collision between the
and a Ford sedan driven by John
Freed of Hood River, four miles
below lone at 5:30 o'clock yesterday
evening, resulted In personal In
juries to occupants of the two cars
and put- both the cars out of run
ning condition. Cole Madsen, stage
driver, was feared to have received
internal injuries and was taken to
the Heppner hospital, but he is re
ported improving this morning.
Russell Hill of Brownsville, the
only passenger in the stage, was
not seriously injured, and after be
ing treated by Dr. McMurdo went
on to Brownsville.
With Freed in the sedan were
Lloyd Ordway and Fred Jennings
also of Hood River. Jennings re
ceived a severe cut above his right
eye which took two stitches to
close. Freed and Ordway were un
hurt. All three men went on to
Hood River 'by train.
The accident was reported to have
been caused by the slick highway,
and took place on a curve. Both
cars were travelling at a slow
Madsen expected to take advan
tage of the 5-day lay-off privilege
granted by the state in case of such
an emergency. He carried public
liabilty and property damage In
surance, as well as a personal auto
mobile accident Insurance policy.
Fire in Case Apartments
Destroys Davis Property
Fire at 10:30 o'clock this morning
broke loose In the apartment of Mr.
and Mrs. Harry Davis In the south
west corner of the Case apartment
building in the second story, re
sulting in the loss of personal prop
erty of the Davis's and material
damage to the building by smoke
and water, though the fire was con
fined to the living room of the
apartment The fire was caused by
an oil stove. Everything was cov
ered by insurance, according to M.
L. Case, proprietor of the building.
The family of E. D. Bronson, who
with Davis is an employee of the
O.-W. R, & N. company, occupied
the apartment just below, and their
belongings were removed to protect
them from the water running
through from above. They were
damaged some by the water.
The smoke completely filled the
building, and other apartment hold
ers were inconvenienced by it Ap
artments near by were occupied
by Dr. J. H. McCrady and Miss Lil-
lie Allinger, cashier of Farmers and
Stockgrowers National bank.
Wise Brothers Sustain
Loss in Residence Fire
Fire which gutted the . residence
occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Ray Wise
and Mr. and Mrs. Cecil Wise, about
8 o'clock Sunday evening, destroy
ed most of their personal effects
and damaged the house extensively.
The house, on east Willow street
is owned by the state of Oregon.
Each of the Wise brothers carried
$1000 insurance on their personal
property. The two families have
been domiciled at the Case apart
ments since the fire.
The cause of the fire is unknown.
At the time it broke through and
the alarm was turned In, both the
Wise brothers and their wives were
at the theater. They said they had
built no fire In the stoves after 3
o'clock in the afternoon. The ex
treme cold made the fire hard to
combat, and It was necessary to
thaw out one hydrant before wa
ter could be got through It Wise
brothers are proprietors of the
holidays with her parents, and Mr.
Bergevin and the children drove
on to Gibbon for a visit with his
parents. The family returned home
The L. M. and B. W. club had
their Sunday dinner this week at
the Louis Bergevin home. All mem
bers were present
Mabel Cool received a badly cut
arm last week when she accldently
thrust her arm through a glass
window at the school house. She
was taken to Heppner where a
physician placed eleven stitches to
close the wound.
As French Burroughs was driv
ing on the highway above the Pet
teys home his car left the road, ov
erturned twice and landed In the
ditch, motor still running. Neither
Mr. Burroughs, nor his wife who
was riding with him, were injured,
and only slight damage was done
the car. The accident was due to
Garland and Norman Swanson
took train Sunday for Salem to re
sume their studies, Garland in the
Eyerly Aviation school and Nor
man at Willamette university.
When John Bryson was return
ing from Heppner on Wednesday
of last week his car collided with
a car driven by a stranger. The
stranger's car went Into the ditch
and was slightly damaged, Mr. Bry
son's car being also very slightly
damaged. Mr. Bryson states that
although he tried to avoid the col
lision he was unable to do so, the
driver of the advancing car being
blinded by the snow storm. No
one was hurt.
Mr. and Mrs. Hal O. Ely and
(Continued on Pag Six.)
Stand Taken on All of the
American Market for American
Farmers Asked; Taxation, Bank
ing Recommendations Made.
From National Grange Publicity
While the 65th annual convention
of the National Grange was not
as largely attended as the great
gathering at Rochester, New York,
last year, because of meeting in less
thickly-populatetd territory, it was
nevertheless one of the most sig
nificant sessions this big farm fra
ternity has ever held, and every
one of the 32 organized grange
states was represented by its ac
credited delegates, these states
reaching from Atlantio to Pacific,
and from Minnesota on the north
to South Carolina on the south.
The meeting was held at Madison,
Wis., November 11 to 20.
The session was noteworthy for
its emphatic pronouncements on
big pending questions of the day,
while its definite programs adopt
ed on taxation, tariff, marketing
and land policy will command wide
spread attention. Offering no new
or radical remedies for present de
pression and ills, the national
grange points the clear pathway to
the restoration of national prosper
ity by setting up sound economic
principles, from which a wide de
parture has been made by the na
tion, in recent years. General ap
proval will mark the grange de
mand that the American market be
preserved for the American farm
er, and that adequate protection be
afforded him, both in the direction
of reasonable tariff levels on im
ported agricultural products and
the Export Debenture or similar
plan to aid in the disposition of
farm surpluses at fair prices.
Below is briefly summarized the
general policy adopted by the na
tional grange at Madison, followed
by a concise tabulation of specific
measures which it favors and op
poses; these to be followed up by
widespread discussion and action
in the 8,000. granges throughout
the land the coming winter:
Outstanding Action Taken.
1. The American market for the
American farmer: (a) Growers of
crops producing an exportable sur
pluses to be accorded equalized
tariff benefits, such as are proposed
under the export debenture plan.
(b) No tariff rates permitted which
breed monopoly and enrich the few
at the expense of the many.
(c) No imposition of tariffs upon
such natural resources as cannot
be renewed when once they are ex
hausted, (d) Fixing at fair and
reasonable levels import duties on
commodities which the farmer
must buy. (e) Reaffirming the
long - established policy of the
grange In demanding "Tariff for
all, or tariff for none.'.'
2. A very definite taxation pro
gram, to include: (a) Increase in
the estate tax, and the greater por
tion of amount collected to be re
tained by the states; with no re
duction permitted in Federal in
come tax. (b) A limited tax on lux
uries and a Federal and state gift
tax. (c) Return to the states of a
substantial portion of the Federal
corporation income tax. (d) A debt
control law for states and local
communities, with limitation of all
special assessments against real es
tate, (e) Extension of the budget
system for handling current ex
penditures. 3. A specific land policy: (a) Co
ordination of the activities of Fed
eral and state agencies, (b) A bet
ter administration of the remaining
public lands, through reforestation
or otherwise, to insure sound con
servation, (c) The use of reclama
tion funds in refunding indebted
ness of irrigation and drainage dis
tricts needing assistance. Oppose
new Irrigation or reclamation pro
jects, (d) Broadening of the for
estry laws of the nation and of the
states, to permit purchase of sub-
marginal agricultural land for eith
er forest purposes, recreational use
or game preserves, (e) Creation of
a Bureau of Conservation under the
Department of Agriculture, with
grouping of all conservatlonal ac
tivities under one head, (f) A con
tinuing survey to determine the pro-
auctive possibilities of land, and
progressive steps to stop soli ero
sion, 4. A clear-cut program of rural
finance and money stabilization:
(a) Amending the Federal Reserve
Act to provide for redlscountlng In
termediate Credit Bank debentures.
(b) An increased purchase In large
volume of securities In the open
market by the Federal Reserve
Bank, (c) Reduction of re-dlscount
rates by the Federal Reserve Bank,
(d) Reduction of the legal mini
mum gold reserve ratios of the
Federal Reserve Banks, (e) In
creasing the capital stock in Feder
al Land banks; more substantial
reserves by both Federal Land
banks and National Farm Loan as
sociations; appropriation to enable
farmers in distress to meet Interest
demands and to prevent foreclo-
(ConUnued on Fag su.)