Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1929)
HEPPNER GAZETTE TIMES, HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, DEC. 12, 1929.
ICE OF 1ETIC
Byrd's Expedition Yields
Scientific Data of Vast
By CALEB JOHNSON
Commander Richard E. Byrd's
flight over the South Pole has re
vived interest in a part of the world
of which less is known than of any
other region on earth.
Yet on the question of whether or
not the ice-cap at the South Pole is
thawing or not the fate of the whole
world literally depends!
If the ice-cap is getting thicker It
means that moisture which other
wise would fall on settled lands in
the form of rain is being stored per
manently as snow at the South
Pole; it also means that the level of
the sea is gradually falling. On the
other hand, if the Antarctic ice is
diminishing in thickness from year
to year, the level of the ocean must
be rising. If the mass of the moun
tain ranges and polar plateau is
principally ice, geologists have cal
culate dthat the melting of the en
tire mass would raise the ocean lev
el fifty feet, completely submerging
Holland and Belgium and parts of
Germany and France, putting near
ly all of Florida under water, flood
ing New York, Boston, and every
otter low-lying seacoast city, and
changing the map of the whole
It will take many exploring expe
ditions and the comparison of data
over many years to get the true an
swer to the question of the South
Of almost equal importance to the
people of the Southern Hemisphere
is the study of the winds of Antarc
tica, which blow in an almost con
tinuous gale from West to East
For all the nations south of the
Equator the Antarctic is the breed
ing place, of storms, and a study of
weather signs near the pole may be
of great aid in future weather fore
casting for South America, Africa
and Australia, as well as for naviga
tors on the stormy southern seas.
If there were no other knowledge
to be gained, South Pole exploration
would be justified, in spite of its ter
rific hardships, far greater than
those encountered in the search for
the North Pole.
The easiest way to understand
the difficulty of South Polar explor-
taion is to compare that end of the
earth with the northern end.
North of 60 degrees north latitude
millions of people live; Petrograd,
the capital of the Czars, lies almost
on the 60 degree line while more
than half of Russia, all of Finland,
most of Sweden and Norway, almost
all of Alaska, half of Canada, all of
Greenland and Iceland, are farther
north. And beyond these lands the
North Pole is a point in the middle
of an ice-covered ocean.
South of 60 degrees south latitude
is an open stretch of the stormiest
ocean in the world, broken only by
one group of uninhabited islands.
the South Shetlands. Not a single
human being lives south of the 60
degree line, or within several hun
dred miles of it But beyond the
Antarctic Sea lies the great contin
ent of Antarctica, a body of land
twice as large as the whole United
States, 6,000,000 square miles, and
in the center of this continent, on
a plateau 10,000 feet above sea level,
surrounded by mountain ranges
from two to three miles high, is the
The coast of Antarctica is sur
rounded by an ice barrier from 500
to 2,000 feet thick, covering an area
as large as France. This is sea ice
covered with the packed snowfalls
of countless centuries. All of the
land of the huge continent is also
covered with ice except around the
The Christmas Seal
What do yon think of the Christmas
"What do you think?" said L
"It maketh the ChrlBtmas spirit
TIs greater than gifts you buy.
For It proveth better than Jewels
That your heart hath room for your
"Who givetb a gift to his friend has
No more than a gracious deed.
But the seal proclaiineth the man
Who glveth to those In need.
For God, who marketh the spar
Giveth not to His frieuBi, bnt to
one and all.
"So I look t the Christmas Seal
This friend who remember.eth me
Hath also thought of the sick today,
Wherever they chance to be.
And he giveth not only to cheer his
But to all who hath need la his mer-
Copyright 12 by EUgar A. Guess
Commander-Byrd's Route from Little America to the South Pole
9 m LSSiV-W uw
v s i r , r, , r, . r, ; xi:jm. I II iliriTTfc
HEPfNEB STUDENT PLEDGED.
Oregon State College, Corvallis,
Dec. 10. (Special) Terrel Benge
of Heppner, freshman in agriculture
at Oregon State college, has Just
been pledged to Psi Chi fraternity.
Psi Chi is one of the 35 fraternities
at Oregon State, and ranks very
high on the campus.
Mr. and Mrs. G. W. Broadley of
Lexington were here Monday morn
ing, Mrs. Broadley being called for
the grand jury, but later excused.
Found Stray Jersey cow. fresh
VOUncr mulev. Ownpr nan hnvo
same by paying for this notice. Sand
nonow ttancn. 39-42.
BASE ON t
i , r
rv. d i n dii
J cm.5J Lapt A. C McKinley
The map shows the route of Commander Byrd in his trip to the
South Pole from Little America, Antarctica, and back, a distance of
1,600 miles. The huge gray plane mounted the fair skies at Little
America with Commander Richard E. Byrd, Bernt Balchen (flying
the plane); Radioman June at the wireless and Captain Ashley C.
McKinley, photographer, surveyor and general utility man "Good
flying weather" made fine,, speedy start possible
crater of the active volcano, Mount
Erebus, and where rocky mountain
cliffs retain through the long winter
enough stored sun-heat to melt the
snow as it falls.
In the north polar regions animal
and vegetable life flourish. Polar
bears, foxes, wolves, ermine, rein
deer, are among the familiar land
animals of the North. The world's
greatest supply of merchantable
timber lies north of 60 degrees and
many kinds of edible and other
plants grow in the Arctic summer.
Not a single land animal except a
few rudimentary insects lives in all
of Antarctica, and the only vege
table life is moss and lichens.
It never rains in Antarctica; even
in midsummer the temperature is
around or below freezing. The sun
rays in December and January give
explorers the impression of warmth
which the thermometer belies. Mid
summer in the Antarctic is Christ
mas time, the seasons being revers
ed everywhere south of the Equa
tor; the sunlight comes from the
North instead of from the South.
Byrd's Sight was made in the warm
est season of the whole year.
Byrd was not the first explorer to
reach the South Pole. Roald Amund
sen, the Norwegian, reached the
Pole on December 14, 1911, and
Capt Robert F. Scott of the British
Navy, who lost his life from cold
and starvation on the way back,
found the Norwegian flag flying
when he, too, reached the South
Pole on January 18, 1912. Twenty
or so other expeditions have explor
ed parts of Antarctica since 1840.
None has covered as much ground
as Eyrd did in his single flight, in
which it is estimated he had under
his eyes 164,000 square miles of ter
ritory, nearly one thirtieth of the
whole continent The photographic
maps made on his flight through a
perilous gale over the mountain
peaks will tell more about the land
than all the men who went before
him ever learned.
Nobody knows what treasure may
be found in Antarctica. Coal, per
haps, or oil; a reserve to be tapped
a thousand years from now, when
the world's present visible supplies
are exhausted. There may be gold
there, or diamonds. Nothing less
valuable than those would tempt ad
venturers to this bleak and almost
inaccessible end of the earth.
The staff of geologists, meteorol
ogists, botanists and other scientists
in the Byrd party are gathering
data which may prove of priceless
value in time. This is not a sport
ing adventure but a serious scienti
fic mission, whose work is not com
pleted by the single spectacular ex
ploit of the polar flight
Proper Food Essential
To Children's Growth
(State Board of Health.)
The growth, weight and height of
children should be watched. To
grow in height and grow regularly
in weight is just as much a sign
of health in a boy or girl of nine or
ten as In a baby.
Mothers have learned to weigh
their babies. They should also learn
that it is Just as Important to weigh
the older boys and girls. When chil
dren do not gain regularly some
thing is usually wrong. If the boys
and girls are weighed monthly any
changes will be discovered early and
not allowed to go on to serious con
sequences. The causes of poor nutrition are
not usually difficult to find. The
most common causes are insufficient
food or not the right kind of food.
The child's appetite for simple foods
needed for growth such as milk,
cereals, vegetables, etc., is often
spoiled by excessive indulgence in
candy, sweets, pastry and other in
digestible foods. Irregular eating
between meals of cakes and tarts
Interferes with the child's diges
tion. Eating too rapidly, and never
taking time to chew food properly
is another cause of poor digestion
and poor nutrition. Tea or coffee
in place of milk is another cause of
poor nourishment. Insufficient sleep
causes disturbances of nutrition.
The child of eight or ten needs at
least ten hours sleep each night.
The child should sleep with win
dows wide open in order to get all
of the fresh air possible.
The poorly nourished child fre
quently suffers with habitual consti
pation. Over stimulation of the nervous
system by emotional excitement of
motion pictures and other evening
entertainments interferes with the
growing child's health.
Some children play too hard or
too many hours. Their activities
should be carefully regulated. Some
children are overworked In and out
It must also be remembered that
poor nutrition may be due to such
things as decayed teeth, or enlarged
or diseased tonsils.
When a child does not gain regu-
DRINK MORE MILK
Wise old Mother Nature made milk
for children. Into it she put every
thing needed for sustenance, and in
the most easily assimilated form.
So, Drink More Milk. Let the
children have plenty. It If the
cheapest food you can buy.
Alfalfa Lawn Dairy
WIG HTM AN BROS.,
larly and shows signs of being poor
ly nourished immediate steps should
be taken to determine the cause. A
regular diet of simple nourishing
food should be given and all reme
dial defects should be removed.
Record the journey through life
with "Photographs that live for
ever. Warde Johnson, studio at
Have Your Clothes
on Extension Telephones
and telephone service connections
We take pleasure in announcing a
reduction in telephone charges, effec
tive January 1, decreasing the cost of
service to telephone users in Oregon.
These reductions include:
REDUCTION IN CHARGES FOR BUSINESS
AND RESIDENCE FLAT RATE EXTENSION
TELEPHONES, 23 cents per month. For ex-
ample, the monthly charge for.
Business desk extension (now $1.25) will
he reduced to $1.00.
Bunineas wall extension (now $1.00) will
he reduced to 75c.
Residence desk extension (now $1.00)
will he reduced to 75c.
Residence wall extension (now 75c) will
be reduced to 50c.
ELIMINATION OF SERVICE CONNEC
TION CHARGE in all cases where telephone in
strument is already connected for incoming or
These reductions are in accordance with the
fundamental policy of the Company,
which is to provide the best possible
'r telephone service at the least
cost to the public
The Pacific Telephone
And Telegraph Company
Therefore. I will on the 28th day of
Dei-ember, 1929, at 1:30 o'clock P. M.,
sell at public auction the above describ
ed tract or parcel of land.
C. J. D. BAUMAN. Sheriff.
CALL FOB COUNTY WARRANTS.
All General Fund Warrants of Mor
row County. Oregon, registered on or
before the present date, will be paid
on presentation at the office of the
County Treasurer on or after December
16th. 1929. at which date Interest on
said warrants will cease.
Dated at Heppner, Oregon, Novem
ber 26, 1929.
LEON W. BRIGGS.
37-9 County Treasurer.
CALL FOB WABBANTS.
All warrants of School District No. 5fi
of Morrow County, Oregon, from No.
to taaiea uct. Zi, mil) to No. 838
(dated March 16. 1928 both numhera
Included, will be paid on presentation.
xmeresi slops on uec. 0, 1929.
MRS. LEE MEAD, District Clerk.
Dated Dec. 3, 1929, at Boardman, Ore.
NOTICE OF LAND SALE.
Bv virtue of an order of the Countv
Court I am authorized and directed to
sell at public auction as provided by
law the following described tract or
parcel of land, at not less than the
minimum price herein set forth, to-wit:
Southeast quarter of Section 34, Town
ship 2 North, Range 24 East of Will
amette Meridian. $169.55.
Smile With Ferguson
and you'll say that Son had a good
one on Pop. He told Fop that It was
his fault he got in trouble in school,
and Pop wanted to know why. "Re
member I asked you how much $1,-
000,000 was, and you said it was a
heluva lot?" Pop said he remem
bered it "Well, Pop, that isn't the
We can give you the right answer
to your tire problem by recom
mending U. S. ROYAL CORD
tires. These sturdily constructed
tires will provide no end of satisfac
tion and economy. Miles of smiles
U. S. ROYAL CORD
Try oar oamplete aato repair service.
If we can't fix it Junk it.
Ferguson Motor Co.
E. D. IIOBSON, the Livestock Auctioneer
of Granger, Washington, and
Dwight Misner of lone, Ore.
SALES CONDUCTED IN ANY STATE
OR COUNTY. For dates and terms wire
or write DWIGHT MISNER, IONE, ORE.
rsure ho please her
Everywhere you go, Rollins Runstop Hosiery
is the choice of discriminating women. That makes
them more than usually welcome as Christmas gifts.
A choice of any one of the new shades of Rollins Run
stop Hosiery will be sure to be greeted with warm
smiles on Chriftmas morning.
Curran Hat Sh
1930 Ilotpolnt $5
down, b mall month
ly payments, $197
cash; $207 with
clock. Other all
Uotpoints as low as
There is still time to have this
installed for Mothers Christmas
Mother will bo about the proudest woman on earth If
your gift is this Hotpoint! It has everything she could
winh for in an electric range the Hotpoint kitchen clock
and oven control; Hotpoint Smokeless Broiler Pan; Hot
point Hi-Speed Calrod unit wonderfully fast, marvelously
economical; the Hotpoint Thrift Cooker for healthful,
waterless cooking. All of these are exclusive Hotpoint
And the finish! We can hardly tell you how lovely is the
gleaming, snowy porcelain with its soft gray trim. Or
how silvery are all the metal parts finished in non-tarnishing
chrome plate! Or how spic and span is the large
oven lined with non-rusting pebbled blue porcelain!
Choose it for mother at once! Have it completely installed
for her Christmas. $5 down delivers It, provides for wiring
and water heater.
As soon as the range is installed, a member of our Home
Service Department will call, explain how to use the
equipment, and how to get the most from the Hotpoint.
PACIFIC POWER & LIGHT COMPANY
"Always at your service"