Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About Heppner gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1925-current | View Entire Issue (June 6, 1929)
HEPPNER GAZETTE TIMES, HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, JUNE 6, 1929.
Elm Tree Beetle Making
Appearance in County
By CHAS. W. SMITH, County Agent
The elm trees of Morrow county
are in great danger of being defol
iated and killed by the most des
tructive of all elm tree pests, the
elm leaf beetle. This beetle feeds
on the foliage of the elm, skeleton
izing the leaves and causing them
to turn brown, curl, and drop in mid
summer. When unchecked, the in-
Jury caused by the pest will so sap
the vigor of the tree as to cause it
to die in two or more seasons.
From the time the buds burst in
tire spring until the leaves are fair
ly grown, they show Irregular holes
made by the beetles. Clusters of
five to twenty or more orange, oval
tapering eggs standing on end may
be seem on the underside of the
leaves and under scales on the bark
and on the ground at the base of
The buds begin to swell in the
spring and at this time the beetles
issue forth from their winter quar
ters, mate, and feed upon the leaf
lets. When the leaves are fairly
well grown the females start their
egg laying. The eggs hatch in about
a week and the larvae feeds on the
leaves. The pupae staga is then
reached in from 15 to 20 days and
6 to 10 days later they are changed
The elm leaf beetle may be con
trolled very effectively with lead ar
senate poison sprays applied to the
foliage. The proper spray thorough
ly applied at the proper time to ev
ery portion of the trees will hold
the pest in check. Commercial lead
arsenate should be used at the rate
of three to five pounds of the paste
to 50 gallons of water. Two appli
cations should be given, the first In
spring when the leaves are first out
well, to poison the over wintering
beetles which feed and deposit their
eggs. The second and most import
ant spray should be applied about
three weeks after the first This is
to catch the young grubs just hatch
ing, and the remaining beetles.
Great care should be taken to get
this second spray on the under sur
face of the leaves, as this Is where
the grub feeds. Where for any rea
son these two sprays are not applied
an application must be made in
July at the time the second genera
tion starts to work. Rains soon
after spraying may necessitate the
third or fourth application.
Simultaneous action by individ
uals cooperatively or by local gov
ernment is indispensible because
unless all trees in a community are
treated at the same time, the results
will be unsatisfactory. Also coop
erative action is advisable because"
elm trees are usually large and re
quire costly spraying apparatus.
Clusters of eggs may be found on
the underside of the leaves at the
present time and the larvae will
hatch in a few days. Anyone hav
ing elm trees should watch their
trees very closely and spray them
before the eggs hatch. Time is an
important factor and if spraying is
not done at the proper time the loss
of the leaves cannot be checked un
til much damage is done.
ing were Clarence Bisbee, Spray,
Cooperator; George Bleakman.
Hpppn.er, cooperator, Douglas In
gram, Portland, grazing examiner,
Supervisor John F. Irwin, Pendle
ton, and his staff of assistants, in
cluding Assistant Supervisor Mon
crief, Technical Assistant Fred
Monroe, and Central Dispatcher
Courses of study were on fire
fighting, 1 a w enforcement, tele
phones and telephone lines, survey
ing, range management, accounting,
organization, equipment, lookout de
tection, public cooperation and va
rious other matters pertaining to
W. W. Hinton ,Ukiah, was given
the appointment as guard at Tup
per ranger station. Mrs. Hinton
and their daughter Violet have also
moved to Tupper for the summer,
joining Mr. Hinton there the first of
Raymond Gates, Spray, will be
lookout at Arbuckle mountain dur
ing the coming summer months. Mr.
Gates is now located at Arbuckle
Corrals where he will count sheep
entering the forest during the
month of June.
Bert Bleakman, Hardman, will
ride driveway during the month of
June from Arbuckle Corrals.
Mrs. Kenneth Bleakman and their
little daughter have moved to Ditch
creek for the summer to be with Mr.
Bleakman at his station.
The K. A. Hinton family have
moved into Bull Prairie.
Marion Saling, Hardman, is tem
porarily located at Long Prairie
where he will count sheep entering
the forest He will be transferred
to Tamarack mountain the first of
July to act as lookout. Mrs. Sallng
and children will Join him as soon
as he gets settled there.
Rex Williamson of Multnomah,
Oregon, reported for duty on May
27. He is located for the present at
Tupper Corral where he will count
sheep until July 1, and then be
transferred to Madison Butte as
In. spite of all the educational
work carried on during the past
several years on care with fire while
in the woods, the smokers fires al
most doubled during the last year.
Such carelessness will finally lead
to drastic curtailment of the liber
ties of the public within the forests.
Vast public resources can not be en
dangered by allowing those people
of the "I didn't know it was loaded"
type full liberty to go where they
wish, leaving ruin and desolation
behind them. Unless a better rec-
or leave orders at
Phelps Grocery Co.
Home Phone 1102
Umatilla Forest Notes.
The annual meeting for the train
ing of the short term personnel in
the best methods of fire suppression,
detection and prevention, was held
at Tupper ranger station during
May 28, 29 and 30. All employees
of the Ukiah and Heppner districts
were in attendance. Others attend-
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