Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The Ione independent. (Ione, Or.) 1916-19?? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 22, 1930)
e- f l!3Z---Ttf
Ons of Bucharest's
Cl'rt t rid bj the National Orphl0
SmUty. Washington, P. C
RUMANIA, the latest of the
world's monarchies to change
kings, has undergone such
great changes la the past ilor.cn
years that It has In effect had a blood
less revolution. This period has seen
the distribution of S.fsWW acres of
land to more than 1.400.000 peasants.
Before the war Rumania was a coun
try of the landed rich and the land
less poor. Today the maximum hold
In? permitted to one Individual Is
1,235 acres. King and nobles gave up
their estates to fulfill the demands of
the agrarian reform. What Russia.
Mexico and other countries have done
In the matter of land distribution at
the cost of many lives and much
money, Rumania accomplished without
Put reform was not without cost
Uncertainties. lack of organization to
meet new conditions, and lack of
transportation facilities Increased the
cost of borrowed money to 12 and 14
per cent Credit is tight In a country
where all the money In circulation
must rass through the national treas
ury as taxes three times per year.
Greater Rumania Is nearly three
times as large as pre-war Rumania.
The new nation took In Transylvania,
the Banat, Bucovina and Bessarabia,
and has yet to digest them. Old Ru
mania was the size of England. Great
er Rumania Is larger than England
adding to Itself Wales, Scotland and
Ireland. I.Ike the onlts of Great
Britain, each Is different; Bessarabia
is an extension of the Russian black
earth prairie; Bucovina, a forested re
gion; Transylvania an upland notable
for Industries as well as agriculture;
the Banat a lowland.
Farming Comes First
After the war Rumania saw visions
of an Industrial future. The country
has ample resources: oil, watpr power,
wood, ore, and a good labor supply.
Ten years have dimmed the vision but
have not wiped it out Eight out of
ten Rumanians still are farmers so
the nation has decided to make a good
Job of farming before turning to In
dustry. Co-operstives have been or
ganized. Groups of peasnnts find they
can afford to buy American farm ma
chinery. A grain grading law was
passed' In lfCS. Silk culture starting
from nothing has Increased to an en
terprise enlisting 4,000 workers and
Since the World war Rumanians
have turned definitely from wheat to
American corn. Greater acreage Is
planted In corn than what Corn
mush displaces bread as a national
food. Besarahia looks like Kansas.
But In Y.d a second droueht hit the
country. The corn crop was a failure
and Romania, a country which has ex
ported cereals fur years, had to Import
eori. f fie government Jicd to fore
STajT famine Tn some region.
The similarity of parts of Rumania
to Kansas extends to sunflowers for
which both regions are famous. In
Rumania sunflowers are a standard
crop; 304.fl.15 acres were planted In
tinflowers last year. Oil pressed from
sunflower seeds serves as a constituent
of butter substitutes.
Four foundation stones support life
In Rumania; cereals, oil, lumber, and
live stock. Production of oil and lum
ber has progressed vigorously, not
enough, however, to offset losses In
cereals and live stock.
Companies of many nntlons Includ
ing the United States are working Ru
manian oil wells near Ploestl, north
west of Bucharest (Ilueurestl). They
have Increased production to 4.20r,104
metric tons of oil per year. Rumania
stands sixth, supplying 2.4 of the
world production, although Rumanian
oil represents 13 per cent of the In
crease In world production.
Buys American Automobiles.
Despite the depression, and lack of
roads, sales of automobiles, most of
them American, continue to Increase.
In 1!)28 12.CKI0 were sold a record.
Many of them go to the oil fields
Where they permit the engineers In
charge of outlying wells to get to
I'loestl occasionally for the enjoyment
of companionship In the International
Automobiles are the biggest Item
"AiTlii'Wwji inmorts which Include
accessorleslfim " 'i'llomcnt,
radios, phonographs nml records, en
gines, Insecticides and electric refrig
erators to the amount of $12.ooo.(kk.
Wulnuts and fur skins are Rumania's
chief exports to the United States.
Among the Improvement to which
Rumania looks forward Is .the reclum
ntlon of vast areas of swamp land.
Feven thousand square miles of marsh
Will afford nuiple land for the remain
Modern Public Building.
ing landless peasants, numbering,
The nation has Its own national
church, the Orthodox Eastern church.
Other churches have numerous mem
bers, however, among thera the Uni
Bucharest (Bucuresti), capital of
Rumania, has long been known as
-The Little Paris of the Balkans." It
has many earmarks of the French
capital. One of Its wide tree-lined
thoroughfares Is called the "Little.
Champs Ely see" and there Is an Arc
Ue Trlomphe, both of which suggest
the atmosphere of Taris. The bridle
paths flanking the thoroughfare con
stantly resound with the thud of hoof
of blooded horses, mounted by smart
looking men and women; and the
seemingly endless mass of pedestrians
strolls In a gay mood with no apparent
Here and on other fine thorough
fares lined with palatial residences
and fine church and government
buildings a sad countenance Is out
of place. However, this portion of
the city has no corner on smiles for
the doorways of the humblest Bucha
rest home In the cobbled byways of
the poorer section of the city am
filled with smiling, chattering parents
while their children boisterously run
here and there while playing native,
games. The meat vendor with whole
slaughtered animals swinging on the
end of a long pole, vendors of sweet
meats, and even some of the multitude
of beggars are a cheerful lot.
Bucharest Has Fins Shops.
Bucharest Impresses the traveler
from the time he emerges from one of
Its modern hotels downtown. Shops
as fine as can be found In most cap
itals of the world line the business
streets. Behind large plate glass win
dows the American traveler finds such
familiar articles as American-made
flashlights, radios and phonographs.
It is not necessary to find an auto
mobile salesman to see American au
tomobiles on display. The streets are
full of them. In front of a hotel or
business building six to eight of a
dozen automobiles are popular Ameri
can makes and across the street a
billboard Is plastered with an adver
tisement of a popular car made In
Michigan. The doorways of the large
movie or cinema houses display bright
colored advertisements with the names
of American actresses emblazoned In
Bucharest Is a walled town, without
the wall. Crowded, as was the cus
tom when city walls were the main
defense, Bucharest drops away from
the glitter of the Calea Vlctoriel and
the boulevards to the run-down Orien
talism of the outer sections and then
abruptly to the empty, dusty plain.
Its population has more than doubled
In the lat decade and houses, as else
where In eastern Europe, are at a
premium. It requires Influence, per
slstence and bribery to get into nn
of the few hotels, the main attraction
of which are the dining rooms, often
open to the sky.
Surrounded as it Is by rich farming
country, Bucharest has not lncked for
food, and the restaurants are well
filled at all times. The Rumanian
loves the uniform, and high heels on
soft laced boots like those of the.
French aviators suit the fancy of tho
young dandles whose perfumed mus
taches preserve their dignity by reach
ing straight out Instead of turning up
at the ends. The women are chic.
Some Striking Contrasts.
The few fine buildings are mixed
In with unassuming structures which
would never be at home In Paris or
Berlin, and opposite the Imposing Waf
College Tzigane women may be work
ing at a noisy power suw which Is re
ducing crooked poles to firewood. Thd
few main streets are lined with mod
ern buildings and new residence ave
nues are stretching out toward uht
periphery of the circular city; but Iii
the crowded center of the towo h)
confusing litter of tiny streets and
alleys reminds one of a rabbit warren.
In the market place, the traveler
gets a glimpse of the rural folk who
cluster about stands of vegetables
which they bring to the city from the
rolling farm land nearby. Here tin
men seem to display no particular type
of costume, most of them wearing
European coats and trousers and there
ore as many derbies as there are caps
und soft hats and fez-shuped woolen
head coverings. On the other hnnd
the women folk blaze forth In bright
colored shawls which cover the head
and shoulders, and uprons with stripes
of a half dozen unhlwidlng colors.
Their dresses are Just short enough
to reveal In the summer time that all
feet are not shod.
$ uitie $ j PARADE
The Bride (Indignantly) I never
was so embarrassed In my life I
Tho Groom Why, wlmssa mutter,
The P.rlde All through the wedding
ceremony you had your eyes glued on
the side door marked "Exit," and the
best man actually started two or three
times to grab you as If he thought
you were going to make a dnsh for It,
He "Hid that girl who was ao de
termined to marry George get blml"
She "No, she did not" lie "Md
be die of accident or disease Y
From Rear Seat
Twinkle, twinkle, little star.
On ihe vaudeville etase afar!
I won1r how you'd look If I,
With glasses up, weie sitting night
Pat, who was moving, had asked
one or two of his friends to carry bis
chicken-house round for hint
They found this a very strenuous
Job. but struggled on. About halfway
they set the coop down to have a rest
when one of them suddenly exclaimed :
"Why, Where's Pat?"
"I'm all right." came a voice from
Inside the house, "I'm carrying the
"Let me take $10 will you! left
my wallet at home."
"Sorry, but I can't I'll put you Id
the way of getting It, though."
"Here's a dime for carfare. Run
home and get your wallet"
Education Something Fierce
"Why did you leave your last place T
asked the mistress of a fashionable
borne of the prospective negro maid
"fey was too highbrow fer roe," she
answered. "Iey was always fightln
an' fuHsIn', an It sho' kept mo busy
runnln' from de keyhole to de diet loo
ary, ao Ah got mad an' quit"
"What's this extra charge for oil?"
demanded the motorist.
"That's for the oil we left on the
upholstery," explained the garage
HiS OWN GAME FIRST
She "Do yon ever give any consid
eration to our foreign relutlons?'
He "Cun't say I do. My poor rela
tlons get ail I have to give."
The old experience comes again
( To all the conscientious landa,
'with many striving to explain
What no one clearly understand
Angry Mistress "In the time It
takes tne to tell you to do the work, I
could do It myself."
Housemaid "Yes'in, ond In the time
It takea me to listen to you, to
could I." '
Foolish Chance to Tab
"George was killed going to pay a
"There I That Is what comes of
wanting to pay one's debts." Stray
"Since you gave your son a car bus
he kept his promise to do more study
ing fit college?"
"I'm certain of It, because he writes
home much oftener now for money
The Collie Loullng us usual?
The Terrier Nope. I gotta Job. I
get a pork chop Just for retrieving
that little ball end dropping It some
litre near the hole.
liniihutwihim 'J ye...ti'-n-4nuilj
(Copyrlshl by Kvalyn Cami'MI.)
Und. Haverhill's father, ne'er
do-well, dice when she Is seven
teen. CHAPTER 1 Continued
"1H)? They do everything. Live!
They live everywhere." He sent his
long, white band, line as a woman s,
In a gesture (hat Indicated all tliul
vast swevti of (he city apart from
their own environment. "They huve
In en around you, child, all of your
life, only, uf course you .never saw
them, you never would you never
will. They built Ihe houses you Ihe
In they paved the streets. They spun
the cloth you wear, the food you eat
Is bandied by them In a hundred
ways all this passes through Ihelr
hand, yet you have never knowingly
seen them!" He stared, struck with
this stupendous thought.
Linda looked puztled and falntty
distressed. She felt as If she had
been cuugbt mocking at something
which after all was not amusing or
ridiculous. She was more thoughtful
than girls of her age usually are. and
there was novelty In this viewpoint
Hint caught her attention. Bui be
fore she could reply the procession,
changing every minute, yet always the
same, had clulmed her wonder again
The music came fainter and fainter
from Its distance. The best and show
iest of the bands had gone by, and
the tall of the comet nns escorted by
the leftovers of drums and fifes.
There was not a splendid automobile
to be seen and no bowing. The tall
silk hats had become extinct. Patrol
men appeared on corners. They
shouldered the crowd, and women and
old men began to garner their flocks
of startled awry children. Before
long f wui impossible to tell where
the marchers and the crowd were dl
tided, for the street was a maelstrom
of pushing, worrying bodies, striving
against one another for the right of
way to nowhere. Authority lost pa
tience. Behind the brown awnings, safe
and sound from all this flurry. In Cous
in Amy's fine bouse on the avenue,
Jim lluverlull talked to his daughter
and used the sight th.-y had Just wit
ne sed to Kilnt bis lesson and send
"Look down In the street and you
will see life. I could not show you a
fitter picture If we walked through all
the galleries of the earth. Those (mor
fools grubs you called them I Would
the crowd come out to watch them
march? Who cared or watched, after
the band and Ihe cars and the unl
forms went by! It's their one day
of the year when we our kind are
out of the city and they can play at
calling It their own. Yet even then
they've got to resort to fine feathers
to make Ihelr own little show worth
w hile. Poor, grubs I Smart butter
flies! 1-et 'em dig and sweat and
struggle until doomsday and they'll
never be half as Important to the
world as a red coat with a dancing
stick. That's life. Linda."
"It doesn't seem fair," she re
marked. "Fair." he sneemd. "of course, It
Isn't fair. Nothing Is fair. And It Is
humanity Itself that encourages
breds unfairness. As long ne men
have eyes, they will he caught with
color. As long as they have ears
they would rather hear music than
groans. It's the parade that counts.
Llndn. my love. And they've learned
It the people who want to get things
done. You can put yourself over with
a brass band and a bow when yon
might crowl on your knpes to the
edge of the Red sen and never be
Linda who, nt sixteen, owned sables
that were much too tine to be worn
until she was twenty-live, hud already
brushed close enough to the swamp of
poverty to know Its chill hreiith They
lived In Cousin Amy's house that sum
mer; slept In grand mahogany beds,
hut they used the servants' sheets, nod
there was only a grouchy caretaker
In Ihe basement living rooms. Oftee
she carried secret packages from the
corner grocery bits of food that did
not reo,ulre experienced cooking. She
did not like this. There was some
thing fearsome and frightening about
It much loo near the grew some priv
cession that walked. After that day
she listened attentively to all her fa
tber had fo say He tried to crowd
all the dubious wisdom ol his past
Into the few days that remained, and
she reached for It avidly.
e e e e e e e
Amy llalston relumed to America
three weeks after Haverhill's death,
She was very much annoyed Not, ot
course, because the poor creature was
dead she admitted that no one ha
ronlrol of Hie life forces and she knew
thnt the end hud lo come to every one
but she thought It Inconsiderate ol
til in to die In her house, She had
expected to begin a series of dinner
(lances Immediately, mid Hits neces
sitated n period of mourning, however
brief. Mourning called for nior.i
clothes, when her trunks were al
ready bursting with fresh Paris
It was comforting to reflect that
only the family und a few old friends
knew about Jim Haverhill and whether
he was among Ihe quick or the dead.
"There Is the daughter." she said
speculatively to her husband who
w histled off key but was n ucli too
wise to offer suggestions, "A girl Ilka
t tui may be u frightful responsibility
or an asset, as her poor fathei
would have aid."'
Hut when she saw Linda In her
slim black, polsrd with a gentle grav
il, V that placed her grief In a mured
set hided background, the II is! plena
urnhlo moment of Urn whole tad affair
"The girl la a beauty," she exulted
as a good showman always exults over
beauty. "She looks like her mother,
w'.o was a fool, r she never would
have married Jim Haverhill, but If
this child Is as clever as she looks"
Linda was clever. She was not jref
seventeen, but het mind was twenty
seven a mind as keen and super
refilled as her lithe body. She knew
of life as a game In which cleverness
and suvolr fulre counted largely, and
"The Clrl Is a Beauty." She Esuttsd,
as a Good Showman Alyt Exults
she calmly regnrded her youth an I
beauty as trump curds The girl wse
not romantic; she was free from silly
complexes, and she had no heroes
Her Hps curled when some one spoke
of movie god, anil she was never
known to read a modern novel. But
with all this Llndn was a charming
creature, polished ami .'tie,
"Poor Jim'. Daughter"
When the sad business of eruslng
"jlm Haverhill was well over and
Cousin Amy's house was coming out
of its coma, Linda put on her close
little hat one day and went to see
There was not the slightest diffi
culty In getting an Interview As she
followed the clerk through one room
after another she thought hove rich
and powerful the senator must tie
The carpets were like cushions under
her feet, and everything, gleamed with
shining surfaces and silence. Only a
very Important man could command
silence like that In the heart of the
Senator Converse wns extremelv
warm and sympathetic In his greeting.
He heaved his ponderous body from
his swivel chair and waddled to uieei
her. As his hot, limp hands closed
over hers she felt herself smothering
She looked down In emharri.ssmeni
nnd discovered that his reel were
enormous long and tlaf and encased
In beelless patent leather shoes that
accentuated their shapeless unpleas
"Poor Jim's daughter," he wheoiwd.
lending her after him "upon my word I
I have Just learned why duinl yon
telegraph me at once? I would lime
come or sent" He fell Into a long
silence looking at her In surprise.
(TO BE CONTINt'EI).)
Uniformity in Spelling
Making Slow Progress
Of all the hundred of language
In the world Spanish Is recognized as
he most perfect phonetic. The Ital
ian tongue Is a close second. This
is why these tongues are among the
easiest for foreigners to learn. The
French academy has made some prog
ress toward a uniform spelling ol
French, but the system Is yel fat
When It Is remembered that even
Slialicspoiire spelled his own name in
:) dirTerent ways, it Is not hard to
syinpallil.e wlih foreigners and elu
mcntnry pupils In out own school
who face the dilllcullles of masterlni
the multitudinous forms of spelling
perhaps some lime a uniform y
tern may be adopted by Kugllxh speak
llig peoples, btll It Will llol bu Soolk
Kausiis CHy Star.
Hat slz.es are fixed by measuring I lit
length. Inside, from front to buck, nor
then the middle width. Add logei'ier
and divide by Iwo. The rcsi'i'. is J
Tho common couso of digestive
ullllcuUles Is excess m id. Soda can
not alter this condition, and It bum
tho stomach. Something that wilt
tic u I nil I r.o the acidity Is the sen.
Ihle thing to take. That Is why
physicians tell tho public to una
Phillips Milk of Magnesia.
Olio spoonful of this delightful
preparation can neutralize many
times Its volumo In acid. It acta
Instantly relief Is quick, and very
npparetit All gas Is dispelled; all
sourness Is loon gone; the whol
system Is sweetened. lo try this
perfect null tu ld, and remember It
Is Just as good for children, too,
and pleasant for them to take.
Any drug store has the genuine,
11 Milk ,
IIAIK HALS AM
U ii nm I ikve lt f i"rj
Impart Color ad
M ftd II U) m I IfUiMl.
FLOKUroN SHAMPOO lilaal fn dm la
contMi-lkmwIth l-arkar allalr lUiaaro. aUtrnO
loir anf I and Burt. Hmli by niailiw at drag,
lata, llimi UMtnkal Wocaa. l-atchuaua, N. !.
WotwWfttl ft! tore. Mtfcac sINi
UeMMt'lfttl, sWerW twt samel I rW 1 1 aft.
may tif fmmf l iM 4. tinxiip
A t nm - AM fvttt tmimt sjt wt HsS
Whale Leather Cloves Out
Women of h'urope are sguln finding
the whale an aid to their wardrobe.
Whale "leather" la bolng used In
making fashionable gloves, and style
leaderes have approved the new ma
terial composed of the Intestines of
the huge swimmers. The new gloves
are delicately soft, but so lough thut
It Is almost lmMwslhlv to wear them
out. The whale has im contributed
to women's styles since the day a of
the whalebone for corsets.
Almost everybody knows no
Bayer Aspirin breaks up cold
tut why not prevent it? Take a
tablet or Iwo when vou first feci
the cold coming; on. Spare yourself
the discomfort of a summer cold.
Kcad the proven directions in every
package Lr headaches, pain, etc.
There are four arches in the foot
the lung arch at the Inside of the foot
from heel to great toe, the front arcf
across the ball of the foot, the nrdi
at the outside of tho foot from the
heel to tho base of the small toe, ami
the arch across the middle of the
foot under Ihe Instep.
Dentist Which tooth do you want
rullman I'orler Iiwuh seben.
TOOK IT TO
Strengthened by Lydta E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound La, Junta. Colo. "After mv 111 lli
daughter was born, one of my neighbors
persuaded mn t
build mo tip. Th
first bottlo nunlo
quit o a chango in
too. I got an appc
tito and can sleep
much better, 1 am
not ao nervous as
I wns. I have sis
children and do
all mv own work.
! can do so much moro now than I conli
when I began tailing tho Vegetablo
Comnound and I shall certainly recom
mend your medieinn whenever I liavej
nn opimrtunity." Miw. John Ohiiohn,
It. (2, Box 210, La Junta, Colorado.
W. N. U., Portland, No. 32-1930.
m i 1 1