Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The Ione independent. (Ione, Or.) 1916-19?? | View Entire Issue (Nov. 22, 1929)
Jse of Cooking Thermometer
Fairy Tale for the Children
By MARY GRAHAM BONNER
v V ,V V v V. .
Broad Dough Should B Kpt at a Tsmpsratur of 82 Dsgres Fahranhalt
During th Rising Psrlods.
(Preps! b th rnttad IMtw Dp4rtnot
On ot U Important oaea ot tb
general parpoae cooking thermometer
la la making yeast-raised bread. Tba
tempera tare of th dough ahoold be
kept constantly at about 82 degreea
P. throughout the mixing and rlalng
period. This can only be dona ex
actly when thermometer Is used.
An oven thermometer, too, will be
wanted when the bread la baked. Tba
following directions for making bread
it bom are given by (ha bureau of
born economics. The materials In
dicated yield about three and a half
pounds, that Is, three large or four
small loaves ot bread. Bard-wbeat or
bread floor Is called for. If a soft
wheat flour la nsed a larger quantity
la needed ; also mora yeast and sugar.
Tor the same amount of Uquld about
two and half pounds or two and
three-quarters quarts of sifted soft
wheat flour will be required, and about
double the amount of yeast and sugar.
The liquid In either case may be
milk, water, potato water, or any com
bination of these.
About t lbs. or I tba. susar
t qts. of slftsd I lbs. tst
hsrd-whsat flour. I ounce (I eakts)
t cups liquid run
4 tsp. aalt
With the temperature about 82 de
greea F. bread can be made by the
straight dough method with the above
Ingredients in about four hours from
the time the dough Is mixed until the
loaves are put Into the oven. A small
quantity of the liquid, about one-half
cupful, must be set salde for softening
the yeast If milk Is used. It must be
scalded first to check the growth of
bacteria, and then cooled. The part
reserved for soaking the yeast should
be cooled quickly, snd the rest msy
be poured while hot over the sugar,
alt and fat Other liquid than milk
do not require beating, but often this
Is done for convenience In dissolving
and melting the sugar, salt and fat
In any case the liquid mixture should
bo brought to temperature below
100 degrees P. before mixing with the
yeast The temperature should be ad
Justed so as to bring the temperature
of the dough to about 82 degrees F.
The flour, except about one cupful,
should be added to the liquid and
mixed thoroughly with spoon, the
bands, or t mechanical bread mixer.
All the flour may be added at once If
experience has shown the s mount nec
essary. It la Impossible, however, to
tell beforehand how much flour will be
required unless flour from this lot bus
been .nsed. The dough should be as
soft as It can bo conveniently han
dled, but It should not be sticky.
More flour Is required with wster then
When the flour and liquid are thor
LEISURE FOR MOTHERS
By NELLIE MAXWELL
Tbtrts rothtn that's of rst
Ksctpt to live snd love snd Issra."
Today with sll th modern con
venlences and plenty of leisure for
some mothers, the ques
'Ion I not whnl sIihII
the verge milier do
with her leisure, hul
how may slis ohlaln
It nmt seem Imnrob
f1i able to Hie clnss Hint tins
irieuiv. ,r.. ......
there are rininlless nmn
hers who hnv nun In spite ot th
fact HihI the rhl Is full ot istM.r
saving devices. We need nut go t
the tenement districts of Inrve cities
nor to the slums (sociilieill In Mm:
letstireless women the country Is rim
of thetu on the little fnrm when
wood and sulei niusl tie nirrtwl In
as well ns its Ht curried out ; moth
er of Utile i-lillilren work from sun
to sun with work nerei done unit'
the Joy of llvlhii Is comj'lelelj i-rushm
out of tl.ein Wlml a nnirveloiis uplift
this world ii'lulil hnv. II the tvl.ir
women liilgh' share a little of the
burden ol inose who nevet knew lh
joy ol a vuchIIou. Hluire II without
" x x
oughly mixed and the dough no longer
sticks to the aides of the bowl. It Is
resdy to be kneaded. If a bread mix
er la used. It kneads aa well aa mixes.
To knead by band, turn the dough
out on clean floured board and work
quickly with the palms of the bands
until It 1 smooth and elastic.
Allow the bread to rise to about dou
ble Its bulk In place where the tem
perature la from 80 degrees to 83 do-
Velvet Evening Wrap
5 By JULIA BOTTOMLEY
No more brilliantly colorful seen
csn be conceived of tliun that of
a gnlnxy of lovely women muntled
In gorgeous evening wrups whose
moods and mode were never to en
making th other feel that ahe wns
lu aotn little town there Is I
custom that might well be more com
mon: It I that one day or hull day
In the week, one neighbor lake
rltnrge of the children of another ot
more. she can manage This gives
one a free time to go shopping vllf
lug or to do anything that she chooses
and she takes her turn with the Hill
dren on dny when she rnn best look
How innny people with roomy curs
nilKhl give an afternoon In help some
tired mother, hy relieving her of her
brood, and giving them a happy time.
There are not enough owners of curs
who look for those who have none, to
give them a little pleasure. There
should be no one In this dny and age
who has not enjoyed an auto ride, If
there Is nn auto In the town.
With running water and bath
room, burdened mother finds It les
sens her work as well as weariness
A hot luith and souk In good hot water
will relieve tired nerves of the mother
ns well as restless children. Itefore
the auto Is hoiiglii the house should
he equipped with a few comforts such
us a bath und , washing mmhlu,
Mr, and Mrs. Emu were calling on
Mr. and Mrs. Ostrich one dny when
Mr, Ostrich began talking of the
The emu fnmlly look something
like the ostrich fnmlly. They have
very long legs but Instead ot beauti
ful feather their bodies are cov
ered with something which looks very
much like gray hny.
Their necks, which are long, also
have the same kind of hay covering.
"You see," said Mr. Ostrich, "we
looked after our children together,
"In the daytime Mrs. Ostrich would
sit on the eggs and nt night I would
tell her to rest and I would alt on
"Of course," snld Mr. Emu, "It U
something the way with us as It la
"I help Mrs. Emu, but then I find
grece F. The bowl mny be placed In
a pun of warm water to rnls the tern,
perature of the dough If it has cooled
off, and keep It at the right point
Punch down, turn the ball of dough
over, and allow It to rise a second
time. Divide then Into loaves, mold,
grease the top surface lightly, and
place In pane to rise again, regulating
the temperature carefully as before.
Start to bake In a fairly hot oven, 400
degreea to 41S degree F, depending
on the else of the loaf. A pound loaf
should be baked at a higher temper
atur and more quickly than a pound
and a half loaf. Turn the loaves
aroum after 20 minute and lower the
temperature of the oven. Bake from
43 minute to on hour. Cool the
loaves oo a rack a soon a they leave
the oven. Do not cover while warm.
chantlngly whimsical and versatile
the new collection reveal them.
Regnrdlng favored mnterluls tot
the evening cape or coat. It Is a sig
nificant fatt thai with all th allure
then when the time come for the
auto, there will be leisure to enjoy It.
Unless you sr our ot a mild, well
flavored vinegar, the lemon affords the
best of sclds for dainty
salad and other thing.
Ilk pudding Sauces
"radically all chef (lis
card vinegar and us th
"w'tchlng drop of lemon
lulce" been us II give
more exquisite flavor.
New York Salad. Ar
range slice of pineapple
on tender lettuce leave
In 'he center heap ten
der celery rut Into strips and mixed
wilh outiiM'uts. On eocb pineapple
section lay a sw-tlon of orange freed
from all memhruoe. Barv with
Fruit Sup Take nn cupful of
skinned seeded white gniie and the
membrane from cupful ot orunge
eel Ions Mix all together with a cup
ful of iinenpil die, one-half cupful
each of ornnjte Julc end pineapple
Imp. Add few grains of sail and
sown It needed. Cut Into freesel
nhlil the Juice freese Serve In glasses
kiihiMiwI with a maraschino cherry.
(01 ISIS. Wmtors NdMpsimr Union.)
she let me take over all the work
"To be euro," snld Mrs. Emu, "and
why not? I always say to myself:
"'If he's willing to work, It would
be foolish ot me to stop him,'
"Yes, that Is what I nlwny any,"
"You certainly do," snld Mr. Emu.
"And you live up to your words, tew."
"Don't yon sit on your egg during
the dnyT" asked Mrs. Ostrich. "I Ilk
to hove a hand In the hatching out
of the eggs."
"I hnrdly call It having a hand In
the hatching when you alt on the
"Hew Grandly You Talk."
eggs, my love," said Mr. Ostrich, with
a foolish smile, "And beside you
haven't a hand."
"I know," said Mrs. Ostrich, "but
It' something creature say so I
thought I would, too."
"You asked me a question," said
Mrs. Emu. "Do you, or do yon not,
want to have It answered T
"From th wsy yon are going on
ment of other weave, th comaa
of fashion keep pointing steadily to
velvet No doubt th delectable col
orlng for th new velvet her much
to do with their prestige. No matter
what ton or tint of th evening
gown there I complementsry color
awaiting It In th velvet realm.
Which la exactly what fushlonlsts re
quire to aid them to piny op color
value In th ensemble effects whlcb
are considered as Important lo the
realm of evening costume design as It
Is In that of apparel for daytime wear.
Then, too, velvet yields with con
summat grsr to manipulation of all
sorts, particularly shirring such
I ao lavishly employed thl season
Particular stress Is given to furies
wraps, which makf Intriguing work
Ing of the material Itself their out
standing attraction. Collars eaiieclal
ly are fantastically designed, some
trending lo Medici type, others
puffed and shirred In becoming huge
The charming cape-mat In the pic
ture below Is typical of Ihe youthful
silhouette given to many of th new
evening wrspa. Note th clever deep
yoke from which fall a graceful rape.
The (loser on the shoulder Is of self
velvet A chic detsll of this wrap
I th lining of sheerest whit velvet
even to th flower showing reverse
of white, thus exploiting the black
snd whit theme which Is an nmml
nent In the evening mode. At this time
bhoes Kequire Much Uare I
(Prepara br ti t'nlt4 Btsiaa Daptrtmaat
It Is not necessary to discard ahoea
aa soon as they begin to show sign of
wear. Shoe with ripped sesms or
with outsnles worn through can often
l repaired and worn for a long Urns.
Perspiration la hard nn shoe leath
er. It la therefore, an economical
These Shoes 8ssmsd Beyond Rspslr,
plan lo have two pair of shoes for
alternate dully wear. This permit
each pnlr to dry out between lime.
Shoes not In use are kept best on
ho tree, which can b bought at
Mud. water, or excessive dryness
ruins leal her. Oil and grease preserve
It flixils and shoe kept clean, plla
ble and wilier ro"ltnnl will Inst long
er. Those for farm or other heavy
outdoor use need greasing. Those for
street 'wenr need polishing only, el
though Ihe ' sole mny he oiled or
Children's shoe will wenr much
lontei If lh youngster ar tiiuiihf
lo pollxh them regularly, to nil I hem
one or twice month with a little
cusior oil and to avoid getting I hem
talking It would appear that you do
not wish to he Informed."
"How grandly you talk, Mr. Emit,"
luld Mrs. Ostrich. "To he sure I do
wish to have my question answered."
"Mh talks grandly," snld Mr, Emu,
"because she ran spend her tlmo
thinking of words and so forth,
"She doo not hnv to work, nor
von look after her children."
"ltlght, my dear," laid Mrs. Emu,
"hut aa I said before you always of.
fur to help me, so I give right up to
"You give work right up to me,"
aid Mr, Emu.
"If this way," explained Mr. Emu.
"Mr. Emu finds me sitting on the eggs,
and he always aaya:
"'Oh, can't I do that for your
"Now wouldn't It 'he extremely
foolish for uie to say that h could
"If he I so willing, I must b wilh
Ing, too. Then I get used to being
Idle and doing nothing hut wander
about and I forget about Mr. Emu and
th work, until I find he Is looking
after th children."
"1 think you forget about me, on
purpose," said Mr. Emu, "hut It makes
no difference for I do not mind
hatching th egg In th least"
"Do you batch th eggsT asked th
"Yes," said Mr. Emu, "Mr. Emu
lays them. Then I batch them out,
and what I more I look after the
children until they ar ahl to car
"Well, that I atrange." said Mrs
Ostrich. "W Ilk to dlvld the time."
"It limply means," said Mrs. Etna,
"that you follow th way of th os
trich family and w follow th ways
of th emu family.
"W bav different fumlly way
(A. nil. Wrtra Hmnw VaUs.)
OATMEAL AND DATE
BARS FOR LUNCH
Good for th children's lunch boxes,
or for soclsl occsslona, these bsrs are
easily nisde and sure to be liked, TU
bureau of bom economics, Cnllsd
Blste Deirt-'n of Agrlculturs, su
pile th recipe.
Ostmesl and Date Bars.
lb. ! H Up sslt
supa plaid dataal
t cup sul aiMta,
Cut th , tied
I tp bsklns
I sup trows Sil
dates Into snuli
pieces. Mix t. e oatmeal, flour, soil
nd baking powder snd sdd the nuts
snd dates, Ileal the era, sdd the u
gur. and stir into this the other In
gredlenta, I'luc th mlxlur n
greased shall) w ..ns md hake In
slow oven (ftM o SMI degrees r'nhn-n
hell) for about JUl minute. When cool
cut Into liars or squares, slid Mil lo
granulated or powdered su -
fiishlonnhles of I'nrls are Interpreting
black and whit In fetihiii sa aw l'
ss bewitching fmtk wlili-b com
bine black with whit lull sires
Ing flounces which sliemnle tin
While Jewelry I Worn with lids co
turn. The black and white enoem
bte I completed with whit erinliw
I& ISIS. Waaler! Karrw t'slos I
Th minute a sesm begin to rip
th upper cracks through, heel Iwlsti
not ff atmria) nr runs. Aumn m itt.lt
wear through the outsole, the shm
neeas menuing. ir the necessary re
pair sr put off the shoe will no N
worth mending. This Is particular!)
true If the well I worn away or tin
Insole I worn Ihrouvh.
Th Illustration shows pair of
shoe with extremely worn sulci '
which did not look worth repairing
Th upper wer good, however, snl
hy having complete new sole put m '
for $2, Hi shoe wer made lo glv. '
three month' mor tcrvlc. I
Hun-down heel ar bud for bod) '
posture a well as uncomfortable nn( '
unsightly to wear. Worn heel "lift'
of leather or rubber can be replace
easily. I(lpieil seams lo th uppert
They Wsr Mad to Look Llk Thl
can ometlmcs b bond stitched a
With a modest rcptilr kll mum,
minor shoe troubles ran be cured lv
anyone lutndy with tools.
Bend to the United Hliile Demrt
menl of Agriculture for a copy it
Farmer' llitlletln irtfl 1 enlllli"
"l.enlhei Hhoct Htdect Ion and Cur
Easily Possible lo Cut
Enormoua Fir Lossei
IIow ar w to stop the depreda
tions of th Are domouT There are threa
way In which w can aid. First w
ihould h careful to prevent Are, la
our homo we can refrain from doing
th little thing that, seemingly unim
portant, oftentimes result disastrous
ly, ,W should clean out the chimney
annually and keep th snmkeplpes In
repair refrain from putting hot ashe
4i) wooden containers; us only stand
ard electrical equipment and Inslulla
lions; he careful with th us of In.
flnttimulil liquids; and provide an ln
combustible roof. Similarly, w should
use rensotuihl car In our plac of
Even so, there will at lime be arck
deiitnl Area and w need to tear a leaf
from the hook of our European neigh,
nor. We should so construct building
Unit a Are, one started, wilt b con
rinod near th plac of origin until tba
Or apparatus arrives, Ilulldlng code,
such a Issued by th National Hoard
of Elr t'ndcrwrltsrs, sr a pattern
lfter whlcb coiumunltle 'mny draw
op their own code for Or-f lru
Proper Planning for
Crowth of Community
Th era In which American cities
"Just grew," puahlug outwsrd their
boundaries and piling up their build
ing tier oo tier, kss given way to an
sr of orderly planning and develop
aieot making of them better places In
whlcb to llv and work, ssys th
Week' Work published by th United
Itatea Chamber of Commerce
Streets ar not merely open spscea
Between bouses sad fsctorie but chan
nels through whlcb traffic circulate,
not only within th city but lot whlcb
ft pour from th outlying country.
Park ar not merely municipal orna
mentation but breathing space essra
Sal to wholrsom city existence.
Th modern city la not a mer ag
glomeration of building but an or
snjsrn which function badly or well
la It develops Improperly or properly.
On part cannot be severed from so
ldier without disastrous result Nelttv
r can It be blocked oft from th re
gloo of which It I th vital nerva
outer without stsgnstloo and decoy.
City t B CoUrfal
The world's most beautiful, color
ful and restful city Is th ambition
f Oslo, Norway, In It new chem
of civic decoration. Th city I to be
llvlded Into districts, each painted In
t different color, Including pale blue,
green, rose, white and other soothing
lint. Ysriou test were made last
rear, and a five story pal green
Building In lb center of th business
district Is said to b very striking.
Expert rgu thst green absorbs
dor light, snd Is, consequently, mor
restful to th ) thsn any other
Ihsde. They also point out that a
particular tint of blu eye steal mor
protection from the sun's beat than
any other color. Hy tlies methods
f choosing color, Oslo I expected to
b a city of utility well beauty.
Ceatly Ret B.lUi.g
A (nod road, smooth a a billiard
fable, with neatly graveled ahoulder
nd white-pointed fence alongside,
may b on of .the ugliest things In
I verdsnt countryside. Wher It cut
I rocky hlllsld th blasting make
skeleton of living tree; wher It
grade a sandbank construction rip
P th nstursl growl h of roadsliV
lower and leave a Jagged car;
wher It plunge Into a forest tlx
Improved road seems by eom nn
rrlng chanc to demand th right
of way from th flnoat old oak and
mnpl tree. When th work I don
th road la merely a road leading
somewhere th lingering Invitation
Of th old rountrysld la gou.
Owssnklp Versus Divorce
Ther la a dignity In ownership that
far outweigh any lack of conven
ience. Ther Is something An In
maintaining a horn under one' own
roof tree. Every Improvement ha
value far beyond It Intrinsic cost be
es use of the romance of beautifying
one' own bime. Onca youjig mar
lied people center their thought oo
ownership of a home, work together,
av together to achlev that borne,
tli heresy of dlvorc will "fold up It
tent Ilk th Arab and silently steal
A program of highway beautlflca
ttnn hns been undertaken by th Con
necticut slut highway department
Thousands of trees end shrub,
grown In nurseries maintained hy th
department or transplanted from othe.
place, nr being placed along th
highway wher ther la DO natural
Natural growth are being preserved
whorcver they do not Interfere with
th safety of motorist or becom a
detriment, to th highway.
Three Forms Creates)
Architectural town planning bai
created Hire esthetic form, th plana,
th monumental street and th Inad
equately named "patto d'ole." A yn
t hosts of all Hire makes th Plan
did popnlo th glory of civic art, nyi
Town Planning Uvlw.