Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The Ione independent. (Ione, Or.) 1916-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 24, 1929)
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Young Yiqul Indian
(Prepared by the National Oeotrapale
Social r, Washington, D. C.I
MEXICO'S West, Sonora and
Clilbuabua, and the state Im
mediately south of them, bat
S- bwn the ecene of the major
trenfa In the republic's latest revolu
tion. Both Sonora and Chihuahua
bare considerable areas of desert anil
still larger regions of temldesert
where tbe sun pours down on rook;
plains and hills; where tbe principal
vegetation la made op of cacti and
hardy, thorny shrubs, and where cat
tle must range over many acres to
Cod enough forage to keep them alive.
Bat there are other aspects of So
nora and Chihuahua, There are rich
fertile valleys, and above all, mines
mines that have been looted since
the first Spaniards came but which
till harbor their millions of dollars
worth of silver and gold.
As a traveler starts down tbe West
coast of Mexico by rail through the
atate of Sonora, If he la sot sea
soned traveler his first Impulse la to
turn back. Thla enormous expanse
of blowing sand, white rock, anj
burning sun Is depressing unless one
baa a tittle history, little Imagina
tion, and some liking for the desert
Sonora la the second largest state
In Mexico and one of the richest min
ing districts In tbe world; but, gat
ing out of tbe car window, these facta
at first leave one cold.
The desert hide Its beet Far back
In the opal-tinted hills are green val
leys and golden mines. The stran
ger tees only the numb misery ot
the half-naked Indians, sheltering
like animals In the remains of adobe
huts that have been ruined In tbe
fighting of the past twenty years.
The wide plnins are empty of life.
The herds bave gone to feed the rev
olutions. Cabeza de Vara was the first Span
lard to And gold In Sonora, on bis
trip to the Florida everglades In the
early Sixteenth century. It Is not th.
fart thut he found gold that Interests
tbe traveler, but that he was able to
march at all through these Inhospita
!' The uiere thought of the Journey Is
frightening. The Spanlurds did not
know the trail; they were encom
passed about by the most dangerous
Indians In Mexico for the Taqnl.
cousin of the Apache made this his
borne and they were burdened by
heavy armor In an arid and savage
The longer one travels through
Mexico the higher mounts one's ad
nilrnllnQ for these grim old adventur
ers. No doubt they were as brutal
es they have been charged with be
ing; but It may be questioned wheth
er their like can be found In the his
tory of the world for sheer, stubborn,
Finest Churches In America.
Today, Sonora must present much
the same aspect thut It offered to the
C'ow'a flood the literal translation of
Cubera de Vaca and his ronipunlons.
It la hard, glittering, nnd superficially
Inhospitable; yet In the folds of the
bills are hidden the finest churches
In .North America churches as dis
tinguished from cathedrals whose
altars were once plnted with gold and
silver and hung with Jewels.
. They are ahundoned In great part
It la true. Muny of those that were
still open to worsliliers before Mex
ico's religious restriction laws went
Into effect were served only at Inter
vuls by prleste who rode mulebark
over a wide circle of weeks.
It was because of these old church
es thut Sonorun mines were opened
three centuries ago. The friars built
them In villages Hint at their beat can
not bnve maintained more than a few
hundred poor Indiana, nnd sucked Hie
treasures of the hills for the glorifica
tion of the Cross.
(rue establishes one's first real con
tact with (he land ut Magdalena It
Is but a small, soiled, dusty Indian
town clUHlered about an old church
II Is on the edge of the desert sun
linked, specked with the varying
greens of uicsrjiilte and iniinnnilth
nnd rnclus. rimmed uhout by blue
tipped, silver-laden hills.
The oldtl rs called this "Ihf
horned toad licit."
One thlnki the iIikitI unpopulated.
One rides for miles without seeltm
more Hum a 'dope hut or a wander
Ina I ii 1 1 it 11 tichliid a hurro, 01 per
Imps a twinkling light at night.
Vet during the IIchIii ol St. frauds
Navler 4i i.i "Hi Itiilliin swiirm Into
Macdaletm. At nlchl they roll In
their liliinkets nnd sleep In heaps in
the dust of Hie street. By da; lhe
- f LtA1:-
Soldier of Mexico.
pray to the saint and eat tbelr ever
It waa from the vicinity of Mag
dalene that the golden treasure came
which ao aroused Spanish cupidity at
the court of Monteauma, Long be
fore Cortes came, these mine bad
paid a regular tribute to the Artec
Farther south one finds that Sonora
baa Its fertile landa aa well as Its
arid silver-filled bills. The valleys
of the Sonora rivers the Yaqul, the
Ascunslon, the Mayo, the Sonora, tbe
Monteauma, the San Ascunclon, tbe
San Ignado, the Mayo, the Sonora.
the Montexuma, the San Miguel, to
name a few are fat
Tbe nnwatered land seems Infertile
at a concrete pavement or the bot
tom of gravel pit It Is bare, dusty,
brown, burned. Then the farmer
sprinkles little seed, adds a little
water, stirs It with wooden plow,
and It bursts Into bloom. Tbe crops
possible to Sohora't bottoms are In
credible. Guaymaa, chief Sonoran pott, was
on the way -to riches when the Diat
regime collapsed In 191 L It baa nev
er fully recovered from that blow,
and the anting up of portion of Ita
harbor baa made Ita situation worse.
The bay at Guaymaa la hemmed In
with hills that come down to the wa
ter's edge, and the gateway Is In
visible In tbelr brown folds. It la one
of the extraordinary beauty spots of
The water has the hue and Irides
cence and spnrkle of gems, changing
and shifting and glittering anew aa
tbe light descends In varying reflec
tions from tbe summits overhead.
It Is a paradise for fishermen. The
Indian fishers are forever sailing out
In their log canoes or towing them
back, fish-laden, along the shores, t'n
kind breezes and treacherous cur
rents are unknown.
Guaymaa Is on the edge of the fa
qui country. When thlnga go wrong
the Yaqul Is likely to beleaguer
Guaymaa. It Is not so very long ago
that no one dared walk out of th;
dangerous end of town. The Yaqul
bave burned railroad bridges and
held np railroad trains and murdered
At one time the Taquls may have
numbered 30,000 aouls; now there
may be &.0U0 In all
Most Americans who know the Ta
qul say that If he bad been let aln
he would have let the white men
Hut he owned fertile valleys am!
nilne-rlcb mountains. The history of
our own West teems with analogous
canes. The miners and the fanner
established themselves In his terrl
tory, and the Yaqul declared war. The
technical honors seem to have gone
to the Yaqul.
It Is true that at one time mines
were opened everywhere In his moun
tiilns end the fat river bottoms witm
taken from him; but the troops sent
against him were cut up time after
After a battle the Taquls disap
peared without leaving a sign. The
"bronco" Yaqul became the tame Ya
qul overnight He traded hreech
clout for the blue overalls of honest
Of course, thut sort of thing could
not be endured by the Mexican gov
ernment Without discussing thn
rights nnd wrongs, the fact remulne.i
that the Yaqul stood In the path of
progress. President Wax at first trlel
to conciliate snd then defeat them,
nnd finally resorted to a policy of
A Yaqul scalp had a cash value ov
er the counter. One hears of a Mex
ican general to whom was reported
the rapture of 2im Yaqul braves, as
he sat at breakfast. Without leav
ing the tnhle, he ordered that hull
lie shot and the other half deported
to Yucatan, where laborers were
needed on the sisal plantations.
One hears In Sonorn that not all
ships Hun sailed for Yueutnn voy
aged further than the first sluirk fish
tilni hud cowed the Yoquls II he had
not completely subjugated them. The
river valleys wero given over to Dim
plow and the prospectors roamed at
will throii fli i he mountains.
Keep Troubles to Yourself
One of Hie hardest lesson , Iff has
in leach us, iierhnps Is Hint on the
whole people an n't Interested In oili
er peiipla'i troubles. The person with
ii loud of misery soon finds himself
without uny audience.
The Lead Dog
THE PENN PUBLISHING CO.
Tp the wild waters of the un
known Yellow-tea, on a winter's
hunt, journey 11 rock McCain end
Oaapard Lerrolx, hie Frenrh-Cree
comrade, with Flash, Itrocs'e
puppy and their do Imid. After
evernl battlee with the etormy
watere they arrive at fork In
the Yellow-tea. Brora le eevere
ty Injured la makln a pnrtsse
and Flash leads Qaspard to the
unconscious youth, llaapard tells
Brock of hie determination to
?nd out who killed hie father,
racks ere discovered and the (wo
boys eeparate for scoullns pur
poses. Drock le Jumped by two
Indiana end a white man and
knocked unconscious. He le held
prisoner. Oaspard rescuee him
while hie captore slop. Qaspard
bellevee these men killed hie fa
ther end te prevented from kill
ing them by Drock. While out
alone Oaspard le ehot from am.
bush by an Indian and kills hie
would-be-slayer. While out on
his trap lints Brock Is eausht In
a heavy enow storm. Uaspard
Bnds him and the two start out
on Brock's trap line.
CHAPTER IX Continued
In tbe uncertain half-light some
thing moved across the snow a dim
gray shape, and waa gone.
"Fox!" said Gaspard.
Slowly from eastern ridges, groping
fingers of light flickered out over the
ash-gray floor of anow. Tbe shadows
died. It waa daylight
"There they arel" said Brock, be
tween his chattering teeth, slipping
his right hand from the mitten sus
pended from bis shoulder by a thong
Three six ten of 'era!"
Before them ten cariboo. In their
blue winter coats were feeding, their
frosted 'jreatb rlslug like Jeta of
"You tnk' de bull wld beeg horn!"
Gaspard whlsered to his friend. Then
the froteo silence was split by the
explosion of two rltlea. A large bull
leaped Into the air, plunged forwurd.
atopped. then made e short circle, to
lunge Into the snow. A cow retired
on her hind legs, beat the air with fore
feet and fell dead. The others, mud
with fright, leaped and circled aim
lessly, sniffing the air for the dlrec
Hon of the danger which threatened
Again and again the rlflea cracked
Then, from the sirlcken bund, three
fear-frenzied survivors fled acmes the
barren, their flexible hoofs clicking
sharply on the still air aa they ran.
"Seven !" cried Brock, when two
wounded deer had been put out of
their misery. That's a good atari.
Gaspard I We'll build a cache at the
little camp and shoot enough more to
take us through to the spring break
up," "Yes, Ihey may not be here In the
moon wen de I'ree starve; we msk' de
beg each for as and de dog
The remainder of the day Hie boys
sfx-ni In cutting up the caribou and
hauling the meat with the dogs to the
platform cache seven feel high which
they built In thick limber nenr Hie
camp. Then trimming the spruce up
rights smooth with their axoe. ihey
circled them with Inverted fishho.ke lo
baffle thlevlni wolverines who might
attempt lo climb At the carcasses ol
the deer, they set traps, for blghl
would bring every prowler within
miles down wind, to the feast on the
The following morning, pulling theli
copper kettle of deer stew and the
tea pull on the freshened lire. Gas
pard snd Brock hurried lo the barren
"We've got something In those fox
traps !"snld Brock, aa Ihey approached
"lie fox have fine meal last night
for sure," answered the oilier.
Near the bodies of me deer the snow
was networked with fox tracks, and
two of Hie traps Were occupied.
"A red and a cross I" announced
Brock, with eu I Infliction.
Two remaining traps Brock found
unsprung, and be was reluming when
with an exclamation of surprise be
stopped dead In his tracks.
"Hey, Gaspard) Tome here I" be
called "Look at thut wolt track!"
In the snow trampled hy the carl
bu, neat Hie bows .il Brock's shoes,
was Hie clearly defined prlni of the
left hind foot of a wolf minus one
r'or a apace Onspard kneeled and
studied the track, then with a nod.
raised his hooded face to his friend.
"Il Is Tele-Nolr. my finder's dog,"
he said huklly. "8h has turn wolf.
II ees the Fame track I saw In the
For a space the son of I'lerre jt
croIx and his friend gated at ihe Im
print of ihe mutilated foot In alienee,
then Brock aald: "Well. Gaspard, we ll
lie low for the next six weeks and
pile up a big catch of fur, then we'll
strike north and do a Hide ambush
tug on our own hook. We'll get ene
of these Creea on his trap-line tni
make him talk."
Onspard nodded. "I nevnlre strike
back for Starving' Itlvlure before 1
find out how my fader die."
; "I'm with you, partner I"
With the meal aafely cached and
the dogs wired to separate trees,
where they gnawed to (heir hearts'
content on caribou ribs, Ihe partners
followed Hie barren Into the west.
It was a clear day when the frown
plain shimmered like a sea of lire
a day when the caribou bands, hav
ing fed, like to He In the sun In open
spaces, on lake and barren, wheu the
wind Is dead.
The hunters had not traveled an
hour In Hie scrub on the rim of Hie
barren when they saw many deer
sunning themselves not two hundred
yards from the cover of the scrub.
Working back out of sight Brock and
Gaspard stole silently through the
small spruce and tamarack, then crept
out to Hie lip of the barren.
The two rlflea cracked. Two deer
leaped, started lo circle up-wlnd and
fell. The others reeled back to their
haunches In surprise, then wheeled
In terror and fled toward the matn
body, their snowshoe-llke hoofs click
ing In the still air.
Again two rlflea exploded, again,
In mad panic, for a apnea the main
band circled aimlessly, leaping high
A Largs Bull Leaped Into the Air,
from the snow, then, with white tails
up, fled out across Ihe barren, led
by a cow.
"Good shot, Gaspard I" cried Brock
aa the bnlfhreed knelt, and firing the
last shell In his gun, brought riwu
a galloping caribou at three hundred
yards. "Well, we won't starve until
April, If the wolverines don't get this
meat" continued Ihe exclled Brock,
counting the deer on 'be snow. "Klght
we got every one I That's better shoot
Ing than any red Creea In this coun
try could show!"
So with enough meat on their pint
form cache to tide them over the lean
days of the spring breakup, when the
melting snow balls hard between Ihe
toes of the tortured dogs, comiielllng
the use of moccasins; and travel bj
snowahoe and sled Is prolonged agony
for husky and man. the boys turned
bark to Insert their Imps and move
Ihe main rnmp to a place? of great et
TO BE CONTINUED..
Flower i Uted a$ Food
in Oriental Countrie
Flowers for food are virtually ua
known In America, 'ut In several
parts of this wldt. world Ihey pluj
an Important part as tnhle delicacies
The Chinese, Jnpatiese, F.gyptlana
and various people of India eat bloa
soma prepared In ecrerul ways, says
the Farm Journal.
In China, lilies are aervea as vege
table boiled with pepier and salt
either In milk or water Banana
blossoms, dipped In vinegar are at
most a staple of diet during their sea
In northern India a cuke la made
from the aromat'c flowers of a local
shrub. They arn tnlxcd with buttel
and a coarse sugar before baking
Many other auch recipes, startling to
the foreigner, are to be found In
oorthern Africa and that vast strelrn
Of the world lying between Hie Mcdl
terrunean and the Pacific.
,Bru$hinq Ship Hull$
An Austiullun company has Intro
duced In Kugliiuil ii n Ingenious method
of i-leiitilng the outside of Hie hull ol
a alilp. The Invention lias been, Ip
successful operutlon for a nuiulivr of
years In Australia, and has been trier)
at Southampton and I'ljiiiouih.
The uppuriilur la mounted upon a
aultuble frame, which ran he suspend
ed from Hie side of a boat II conslsis
of a cylindrical finish about 5 of f
feel In length, held In a framework
which also suplHiria an electric motor
and a propeller. The purpose of thr
propcller Is lo keep the brush pressed
against the ride of the ship. The cas
carrying Hit apparatus contains, also
a four-cylinder motor directly coupled
to a dynamo. The current produced
serves to raise and lower the carrying
frame as well as lo drive Ihe propeller
Land Surface of Earth
If the land surface of Ihe enrih were
divided between the luliatiltanls, ear
person would receive about twenty
HOW TO LIVE
JOHN CLARENCE FUNK
ii I.L work nnd no play makes
i Jack a dull boy." Of course It
floes. But a fair amount of work and
the wrong type of play ran give Ihe
name results. Iwn't lost eight of this
fuct, ell her,
Recreation la essential ' to human
happiness, health and welfare. But In
those (lays of highly roiiilnercliilUed
attrncttona one should give some
thought to the manner In which the
leisure hours are spent This la per-'
hups too Infrequently done.
While the radio, for example, la one
of the umst fascinating of modern
amusements, It scarcely paya night
after night to alt np until the wee
small hours trying to "get" hither,
thither and yon. It would be more
sensible to ihut off the current at a
more reasonable hour and "got"
Movies, loo, while having their place
In one'a diversion schedule, should not
become one'a sole Idea of a good time
after working hours. Even the beat
of picture palaces are crowded; and
while ventilation aystema are efficient
In some of them, vltlnted atmosphere
la more likely to be Ihe ense thnn
otherwise. Consequently lo walk In
the evening occasionally for two hours
la decidedly more beneficial type of
A word of caution ooede to be di
rected at the older boy a whose pride
lo the Imaginary possession ot lost
youth leads them Into all aorta of
physical extravagance. The excep
tional man over fifty can play hard
games of tennis, basket ball or hand
ball and lire to tell the tale. Bui
one la foolish to try to prove himself
to be In thai rlsss by vigorously In
dulging lo "kid" games.
Diversion, therefore, thnf leads one
of mature years to the gymnasium for
hand ball or to the club for squash
Is a conceited sort of affair. It may
even cause a atrlke on the part of
your heart which spells finis lo the
game and possibly to you also.
Iteniemher Hint the physical exac
tions of our driving rivllltutlon have
most of us going at high speed during
our work period. And that a healthy
let-down la not only good for the soul
but for the body si so.
There Is no Implication In this ad
vice that a man over forty five should
arbitrarily forsake all the athletic ac
tivities to which he has been accus
tomed and Join a sewing circle. Just
tbe same, always keep In mind that
"the old gray horse ain't what he used
to be" and govern yourself accord
THE most outstanding friendly en
emy of mnn Is pain, only he doesn't
know It Mnreiver. when he Is In
formed of the fart, he la. decidedly
loath lo believe it
Aa a general rule, the first thing a
person docs when he gets a pain Is
to gru mhle slxiut It II frequently le
also the lost thing he does about It
True, If pain hurts badly enough,
one Is likely lo try a pill or so to
deaden II; and If II hurts worse than
that a physician will he consulted
But one'a attitude toward pain Is al
ways the same dislike and dlsre
Well, If pain merely hurt, there
might be some reason for such an al
titude toward It. But that Is the least
that It does. As a mailer of fact,
pain Is Ihe liinguage of Hie body lulk
Ing lo direct and forceful terms to
the brain. Il Is Indicating thai some
thing Is wrong, and that scientific at
tention Is Immediately required.
That so many turn a denf enr to
pain la positively pathetic; that so
many who know absolutely nothing
about the particular pain's ruuse are
ao egotistical and silly aa to Indulge
In aelf diagnosis and self medication
la much more aa
How man? limes, for Instance, have
yon throttled a henduche by some fa
vorite pill or potation? And this, with
out a real knowledge of the condition
back of the thing. Headaches are
merely symptoms. And If Is a blind
physician Indeed who goes about his
business on thsf flimsy basis
Whal Is true In a minor way about
headaches la equally and more true
concerning other bodily pains. Long
and healthy life demands that you
lend a receptive and affectionate ear
to pain. Thla can only he done In
one way. Take your pain, great or
email, to your physician. I,el his'
practiced eye and aperlnllied Intel
licence go behind II and find the cause.
For the cause la Ihe only thing after
all thut mailers.
People who gef angry al pain nnd
treat II themselves or attempt to Ig
nore It, sometimes wake up lo find
The hospitals nlwaya have an ap
preciable number of guests who are
such simply because Ihey lock th
right attitude toward pain
Pain Is your servant. Use It aa
auch 1-1 'a lengthening end even life
saving Is In Hits advice. Three cheer
for pal til
ll III! Wietern Newsnapsi Union.)
v Family Tree a Callows
The British college of anna anys
that fewer persons these days are
tracing their ancestry. They , have
probably learned from the experience
of others Hist when II gels bnck lo
a certain distance It lan'l ao hot.
Philadelphia Inquirer. ' ' -
The common cause ot dlgostlv dlfhV
cullies la excess acid. Huda cannot
alter thla condition, and It bums th
stomach, Something that will neu
tralise the acidity la the sensible
thing to take, That la why physician
tell the public to use Phillips Milk ot
On spoonful of thla delightful prep
aration can neutralise ninny timet its)
volume In acid. It acta Instantly re
lief la quick, and very apparent All
gat la dispelled; all sourness la toon
gone; the whole system la sweetened.
Do try thla perfect antl acid, and re
member It I Just as good for children,
too, and pleasant for them to take.
Any drug store ha th genuine, pr
For Barbed Wire Cuts
. .Try IIANFORiyS
Balsam of Myrrh
AS Snlin t nM laar mmm tm SH
WELL OR MONEY BACK
AbM 'KAMICasalwHi sWiMie
Ins U Ihr. 1. 1. Itau lim
Bon -Mir Ua! MM el tfM.
em. U sr ae nrtmlnl,)
HMrVM tiKcm alM Mlkj
e I h M i ftl and LAlnn l bum t.
Bne I UIIAV kalKir. IOO.
S 0v4a Slail so4
iamJrtl ml laatlnwwiUts.
I atk T fT 1 at
CUNANB) UNI, 13 etere. MOO le BISOO
8in, Tangier, Algiers, Italy, Itiviera.
Sweden, Norway, Kdinburgh, T roe
sac ha, Berlin (i'aria, lxmdnn. Rhine,
etc.). Hotels, drives, fees, etc. Included.
ISoatHerr mmm CnsHM, law. , MOO MS
Fran C Clark, Tteavee BMs, N. T.
8 ! 60$ of eeramts.
U7 Writ for circular.
W Bank reeruce.
THE PEXEL CO.
Food Product i
111 N. 4tk St, Camdea, N. J.
SCHOOL FOR MEN
Trahwi 1st IUMNL1I. T1ADU a, MOmSIOM,
fcurull any tltii. Naitil fur liu-raituraj
oateoN instituti or tichmoloot
I.M.U. A. Mil. rarUauui.OnapaS)
Wind ran he tempered to the shorn
In nib, but the lamb has got to stay
Many find Hui Ball Blue good tonic
for chickens. Large package at Gro
It Isn't easy to get along on a short
ITS DANGEROUS CROUND
yon nana on with
er wlttioiit a bonis of
Dr. PWrtl Oaeirn MnU.
eal tllacoorrf In Da hcajas,
I 4mt thill ttios Is snv
nwdlrtaa ee ml tor !
Ilr aas. 1 In practically
immH l.ll. ....
Bxdirlae-kass simi a as an aae riitMrm for
coturlis, cokls sue bravlilal ian sroi
1-nuw ttir can he aan.lns txttrr. In sitrll
lion to ssla, a la a aplmaiA Mood enrlrhrr
sad sprias famlb J canagt praise thla urdt
cine too hlaUlr."
All druggist. Tablets or fluid.
Bend Dr. I'leroe, Buffalo, N. Y, 10o
If you desire trial pkg. of tablet.
ei me ww poisons ' -ro MOBROW
esuae haadaslw-lloe. ALRIGHT
" 'For Sale at; All Druggists
H. N, U, PORTLAND, NO. 17-1B29.
a vtt as sf ,',