Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1925)
THE GAZETTE-TIMES, HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1925.
This Week's Cross Word Puzzle
Br LYNN ARTHUR
Whila in Arlington a ik or to
ago, Hn. Lillian Cochran of thia city
had tha pleaauro of a ritlt with one
of the pioneera of Gilliam county,
long resident of Lone Rock, but now
residing in ArlingtonMra. Amanda
llelvina Crawford. Mrs. Crawford is
87 yeara of age and very spry, and
does her own housework. She atated
to Mra. Cochran that she waa named
for the famoua heroine in Sir Waiter
Scott's novel, "The Children of the
Abbey." She can recite many inter
esting Btoriee and is full of remin
iscenses of the pioneer daya, and
while alightly deaf Is possessed of
wonderful eyesight; atatea that the
only way she knows she .s getting old
is becauae she cannot hear so well,
and fully expects to live to be a hun
dred. Mr. and Mrs. Joe Simas and family
of Kimberley, are spending a few
days in Heppner, guests at the home
of Mrs. Lillian Cochran Mr. Simas
reports fine weather in the Monument
section, alfalfa growing well and the
lambing aeason rushing, with more
than a normal increase, as there aro
many twins. He looks forward to a
very prosperous season.
Maple Circle, Neighbors of Wood
craft, had initiation of new members
and a good social time on Monday
night at their regular meeting. New
ly initiated members were Mrs. Hen
ry Happold, Mrs. Chas. Vaughn, Mr.
and Mra. Osmin Hager, Mrs. Chester
Saling and Miss Virginia Hill. About
60 were present and report good
Mr. and Mrs. B. H. Grady and Mr.
and Mrs. Alvah Jones, Lexington
folks, took in the big picture, "The
Lost Battalion," at the Star theater
on Tuesday evening. Large numbers
of Lexington and lone people drove
up for this entertainment, and Main
street waa lined for several blocks
with cara from the outside.
Much Jmprovement has been going
on of late at the court house grounds,
where Janitor Ayers has been busy
in pruning up the trees and thinning
out the grove of locusts. A new walk
up tha hill has been authorised by the
county court a needed repair that
will add to the attractiveness of the
Miss Alice Howard, an instructor
In the Dixie grade schools, waa the
motif for a surprise party Tuesday
evening when her fellow instructors
entertained in honor of her birthday
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Geo.
Cochran of Dixie. A prettily appoint
ed luncheon was served. Milton
The big ruth has been on with the
attorneys and court house officials
during the past ten days, preparing
the papers for the applicants who
are desiring to take advantage of the
help offered by the state in securing
seed wheat. There is much work re
quired in the unwinding of the red
" Sunday was Decision Day at the
Christian Bible School and several
boys and girls took their stand with
the church. At the evening services,
preceding the sermon, Pastor Trim
ble baptised four girls and three boys
out of the number who joined tha
church at the morning services.
E. Albee, dlxtrict game warden, was
here Sunday from Heppner. He was
looking into reported violationa of
the state game laws, reports having
been made to him that China pheas
ants were being killed in this county.
Ed Johnson of Kimberley, Ore., is
in Heppner this week. With others
from his locality he is interested in
the promotion of the irrigation pro
ject of the Monument Ditch company
and was here on business connected
with that enterprise.
Mr. and Mra. C. W. McN.me? and
Mrs. Rogers returned the first of the
week from a trip to Portland. Mr.
McNamer went to the city for a phy
sical examination at the hands of a
specialist, and his condition ia re
ported to be fine.
Mrs. Dick Wells, chief deputy in
the office of Assessor Wells, ia unable
to speak above a whisper, having been
atacked by a cold that aeriously af
fected the vocal organs. Dick aays
he is having his "say" now.
Free lecture, "WHY THE JEWS
AKE RETURNING TO PALESTINE"
will be given by Mr. S. J. Toutjian of
New York at Odd Fellows Hall Tues
day evening, March 10, at 7:30 p. m.
John Keegan, who runs stock and
ranches in McDooald canyon, was in
the city on Wednesday. Spring ia
opening up pretty well out that way
and Mr. Keegan looks for a good sea
W. P. Mahoney of the First Nation
al Bank and J. W. Beymer of the Far
mers and St6ckgrowers National of
this city are in Portland thia week
attending a meeting of state bankers.
The Eastern Star social club meets
at Masonic building on Saturday af
ternoon at 2:15. Sewing and cards
will be the order of entertainment
Vernon Glase, county surveyor of
Grant county, was In Heppner for a
few days this week, being called here
by matters pertaining to hia omct,
Mr. and Mra. John Adams arrived
here on Tuesday on their way out to
Hardman. They have been spending
the past three months In Portland.
The Ladies Missionary society of
Bethel Chapel mot on Tuesday after
noon at the home of Mrs. Geo. inom
ton and enjoyed a line program.
John Kiernan of lone is nt the
Heppner Surgical hospital, suffering
with a severe attack of the grippe,
but la reported to be Improving.
Mra. Gay M. Anderson la assisting
the force in the court house thia week
helping out with the rush in tha of
fice of the county clerk.
Chas, McDanlel and family have
moved from Boardman to Heppner
and expect to make their homo hare
in the future.
Charley Ayers departed for Port
land on Mondny to undergo a physical
examination at tha hands of tha army
Mra. W. H. Cleveland la apondlng
a week in Portland and Gresham, en
joying a visit with relatvioa and
Assessor Wolls returned home from
a visit to Portland on Tuesday,
HOW TO SOLVE A CROSS-WORD PUZZLE
The trst letter of ear wort Is indicated br a number placed u the blank white
. a by referring lo the IM of word given brio, vou will And the definition,
for In. lane. Dumber one koriionul fivaa the definition c' a word which will nil ia all
the white apaeea to the a rat black ap.ee at the riant. Number one vertical (ivea the
definition for a word whieh will fill in all the white van to tha nrat black apare be
low. The black apaeaa indicate the end of a word, and no letter b placed In them. Wbea
eompleted, the pusaie Kauai read both KorUontallr and vertically or heroes and down.
Lyra Arthor has eaebed ap thia traas-ward for r-ault fana thia week. Here'a what
he aa. U ear abool 111 "All! Ike werda in this creae-ivord. with ene peeaible aieeptiea.
era aaea la Bnslieh ravereetiea and aheald (ive little d.Bic.ltr te creaa-werd (ana.
Time yearaelf an IL If ran eaa aalve It la It avinaUa yoe are pretty reed- And here
at a tip. No. heriaoalal la the aieeptiea le aaea and aaartaeas. It'a a cejrker."
I I J fl t y I Ti 1 l III T7l
5 Is Rrn p
7 -j 1 t"T Z
H at p- B U- iT a"1 I 1 J
jr a- p wiA
n " " " " " " W ' " to " t
L. a. X
D - l" "
il W H sTT H 1
- m VT -jar-: 3- bH
u i Mel 1 i T ' IN ar ""
4. In tints pst.
10. Short for Alonco.
14. Breaking of day.
18. To terrlfr.
25. Fixed charge.
26. Open (Poetical).
27. Period of time.
29. Ever (Contraction).
30. Round object.
SI Loni time.
SS. Kuuitn national drink.
35. Abbreviation for Russian.
36. To use as a sword).
3. Form of "to be."
41. Abbreviation for relatlra.
42. Mimical note.
48. Note of seal.
4fi. Close to.
46. The same (abbrev.) Latin.
47. Hird'i ntyne.
60. Spills. "
JV2. Period of time.
63. To sing.
66. Kind of tree.
60. Author of modern "Fables in Slang.'
61. (iirl'i name.
63. Personal post ess ive pronoun.
66. A wrong.
66. Degree of Doctor of Laws.
6M. Adverb of plaae.
69. Steel plate,
77. Charitable donation.
78. Never (contraction).
1. Toilet article.
t. Southern state (abbrev.).
6. Cry of pain.
7. Greek letter.
8. Hall an rm.
9. June births tone.
11. Mythical monster.
12. City in Alaska.
16. To puzzle.
21. To bellow.
22. Klongatcd nh.
26. Large branch of Mie.sis.ippi River.
28. Mode of travel.
29. Reddinb coloring matter.
32. Like an elf.
34. Anatomy (abbrev.).
36. Happiness opposite of woe.
40. Round flat body.
4K. Rubbed out
49. To make insane.
51. Sacred hymns.
59. One of the senaes,
64. Demonstrative pronoun.
72. Printer's measure.
76. Point of the compass.
Answer to last week's puzzle.
1 C oInJQ RT qTa t I jopt A til Ml 1
tlftf. U? ffr fj MO T WP
ejaavettttttttttejevavaaMamiS r'-fSTl.-.";: ,'...'.,,. SeEBeatWa
What Would We Do
Without the Railroads
lens to tha mind of Mr. Cititea that
ha has not thought of before, that he
eould comprehend but aliajhtijr, not
that he lacks tha intelligent to do
ao, but that he must be familiar with
such equipment and know ita uses
more thoroughly than he doea to ap
preciate the amounts of work and
money necessary to maintain ouch
equipment; nor does he atop to real
ize that each piece, each detail of rail
road equipment is always, and mubt
be alwaya In perfect working condi
tion. This is by no means all. We
must consider the service given by
the railroads. Every day the train
leaves ita terminal at a atated time.
covering its assignment regardless of
how business conditions are, regard
less of how much or how little traf
fic is moving, regardless of how much
of its due ia sapped by competing
stage and truck lines operating on
the public highways; many daya mak
ing trips that net less in revenue
than ia spent by the railroad for the
coal burnt on the engine in making
the trip, not to mention the wages
of agents, helpers, train and engine
crews and section men, or the for
tunes paid into the county treasuries
each year in taxes. In comparison
we must consider two facts, the first
of which is the privately owned auto
mobile that has made tremendous
cuts in the passenger traffic of the
railroads the extent of which ia gen
erally little realized. This, however.
is considered a condition consequent
with the times and one which forms
problem of competition againBt
which there is little argument. Sec
ond and moHt important is the com
petition offered by the auto atage and
truck lines that are under practically
no expense, for they operate on pub
licly owned and publicly maintained
highways, have no stations, tracks or
terminals to maintain and pay no
taxes, in fact, nothing whatever com
pared with the amounts expended by
the railroads in giving similar ser
Waa the expression "irresponsible
competition" misused a little way
back? Let qs see. What insurance
is given the shipper for loss or dam
age to freight transported by stage
lines as compared with that given by
the railroads? What is to prevent the
suspension of stage line service when
business does not justify the main
tenance of regular schedules? Haa
Mr. Average Man ever asked himself
the question, What would become of
the country without the railroads?
Has he pictured the interior districts
of Oregon, for instance, as they
would be without the familiar toot,
toot and rumble of the little branch
train making its daily trip? Perhaps
he has, but with it the associated
thought that nothing can move the
railroads. It is a matter of fact prop
osition with him he insists to him
self that the railroad belongs to the
country and cannot be moved, but
this is not the case. Is it reasonable
to suppose that the Public Service
Comnvission, or the Interstate Com
merce Commission would compel a
railroad to maintain service thru a
territory that Tefuses to patronize
that railroad or continue to operate
at a loss in a district that shows its
preference for stage and truck line
competition? It is not likely. Branch
line roads' and even main line rail
roads have been abandoned in the
past and it is not beyond the scope
of possibility that the same thing will
happen in the future; furthermore,
it is a certainty if unfair, irresponsi
ble competition is allowed to sap the
traffic justly due the railroads to an
extent that the railroad must operate
at a loss. Curtailments of service on
branch lines have already occurred
and further curtailment is due under
By C. L. GILLILAN.
THE railroad question as a general
issue haa been much discussed,
that Is as regarda its consideration
as a national question. What will be
come of the railroads? is a query that
has often been propounded to the
commercially wise but has as often
been passed back unanswered, or at
best partially answered with the pro
phecy that as times progress more
modern conveniences will supplant
these rail linea and that they will
gradually fade out as have the wide-
belted stage driver and the prairie
schooner. Perhape this is a fact
perhaps in time to come the wheat
crops of the world and especially our
great west, the corn crops of the cen
tral states, the lumber products of
the south and northwest, the steel
products of the eastern mills, the
great bridge spans weighing many
tons and any and all other too-nu-merout-to-mention
contribute to the tonnage of the rail
roads today will be transported thru
the air at a mile-a-minute clip and at
a transportation rate that will leave
the railroads entirely unable to of
fer competition. Perhaps future
yesrs will offer this and more more
than we are capable of dreaming of
at the present time, and it is wise and
timely to ask and consider today, the
question: What will become of the
railroads? In fact, it ia the first and
foremost duty of those in whose
hands lie the control of the railroads
to ask this question it is their prob
lem to solve it is they who are doing
a service for the citizenry of the Uni
ted States that the general mass of
citizens does not realize or compre
hend and cannot appreciate. These
same men who are carrying on the
vitally Important work of maintain
ing and operating the railroads are
laboring under difficulties unknown
and unheeded by tha citizenry of the
country. Tha railroad official of to
day is not particularly an object of
envy as he wna in days gone by. He
is a sorvant (in the case of the Union
Pacific Railroad he is the manager
of the affairs of the 61,244 stockhold
era who are scattered through every
state of the Union and from Alaska
to the Phillipine Islands, almost half
of whom are women and most of
whom are persons of moderate means)
yet he is portrayed and cartooned as
an Individual of unlimited wealth and
power, an ogre holding In his grasp
the fate of the public who reside in
that part of the country thru which
his lines operate. The railroad Inter
ests have been drawn and portrayed
as vultures preying upon the farmer,
stockgrower and producer of every
class and character; bloated magnates
holding undisputed ownership of Con
gress and our law making bodies;
drawn and characterized thus until
the general public ia certain that the
railroads are Inimical to the general
public welfare and are at best a nec
essary evil necessary because, it
seefns to the average lay mind, that
it Is Impossible to get rid of them
yet awhile until their strength Is sur
flclcntly tapped and It becomes pos
slble to pounct upon them and des
troy them utterly; evil because cer
tain newspapers any they are, bocause
pnid cartoonists have repeatedly char
acterized them aa such, putting be
fore tha public in the most Impros
slonable manner possible the rail
ronds and railroad interests aa evil
influences and evil organizations.
It it not an overly delicate compli
ment to the mass of people to thus in
fer that most of their newspaper in
formation is thus derived thru the
medium of the cartoons and it is not
the intention to Infer that Mr. Aver
age Man and Mrs. Average Woman
picks up his or her newspaper, looks
at the cartoons and considers the pa
per read but it ia the intention to
say that the railroads and railroad
interests have been so greatly and
so consistently misrepresented thru
this most impressionable medium, the
cartoon, that the average citizen has
grown up with and lived his life in
the atmosphere created by such car
toons that it haa become his subcon
scious conviction that the railroads
are inimical to his interests as a citi
zen of the United States. He does
not realize that the petty ambitions
of self-interested politicians have
prompted the most unjust and unpro
voked attacks upon the railroads; he
does not stop to realize that the at
tack upon the railroads of the coun
try has provided a safe Bnd solid
stepping stone upon which these same
politicians have stood to leap into po
litical power; nor does he realize that
these tame politicians have preyed
upon his inborn prejudice against the
railroads, promising reduction of
rates, betterment of service, and
other things he knows be cannot ac
complish, and upon failure to redeem
hia promises he instils more preju
dice against the railroads in the mind
of his unsuspecting constituent.
If the necessity for the railroads
throughout this country presents it
self to the minds of the people as
stated above and it is reasonably
sure that such is the case in many
more instances than we might sus
pectthen it is well to call attention
to the other viewpoint one which is
aa familiar as the one cited but one
which is but little thought of, and
that is the picture of the country
without railroadsl Impossible? Then
why? The word "counrty" is used
as applying particularly to the farm
ing districts of the nation, the tern-
toriea served by the branch line roads.
In such territories it haa become hab
it to think of railroads as being in
stitutions permanently fixed, there
being no possibility of their being re
moved, that they will be maintained
and continued regardless of what dif
ficulties may be put upon them or how
much traffic they are robbed of by ir
responsible competition to be used
only when that competition la not
capable of moving freight that must
necessarily move or at such times as
that competition is not available.
Little thought is given to the un
equalness and unfairness of such
competition with branch and main
line that are paralelled by highways.
It Is not intended in thit article to
quote figures or statistics but to bo
content with general statements, all
of which are based on and may be
substnntlntcd by statistics thnt have
repeatedly been printed and broad
casted In news prints and otherwise.
However, on one hand the Toalroad
maintains Its track at an expense lit
tle dreamed of by the lBy mind re
newala of rails, tios, yard equipment,
etc., which must necessarily take
place periodically, the continual daily
mnintainanco by permanently em
ployed section gangs, the upkeep of
station buildings, stock yards, fences,
crossings, water tanks and "fuel sta
tions, coal shutes and bunkers, round
houses, turntables, etc., present prob-
After EVery Meal I
Pass It around
after every steal.
Give the family
the benefit of its
aid to digestion.
Clean, teeth too.
Keep it always
in the house.
j Costs little-helps much" fj
A eerlaia storekeeper in a branch
terminal was solicited for business
by a prospect! t truck line that waa
eontem plating; service into that dis
trict and his reply was, No, sir, I
remember the days when we had no
raiiroads into this place, we spent our
money and efforts to jet the road
built op here and as lonf ai they stay
they are going to haul my stuff." This
man realized his and the district's
need for the railroad, realized that
in order to maintain itself the rail
road must have his as well as the
other business of the community and
territory; that that class of traffic
in his territory was not of sufficient
volume as to warrant competition. He
knew that his merchandise loaded in
Portland today came to him, via. rail
road, the following day, a service that
could not be improved upon. The rail
road was not a matter-of-fact prop
osition with him, not unmovable; he
had seen the day before the railroad
and knew, the need of it to the coun
try. He had Apn the railroad move
in and had no desire to sea it move
out. Was his answer to the solicitor
right or wrong? Let us then look
through this man's eyes and imagine
the branch line gone, this district
without a railroad, which is, after
all, the viewpoint that concerns us
mo-t, and ank, not What will become
of the railroads, because that ques
tion is already answered for us; but
rather. What would become of us
without the railroads?
Harvie Young and family are pre
paring to go to Med ford where they
expect to make their home. Mr.
Young haa been offered employment
there and will leave here in a week
or ten days. He has tendered his res
ignation to the county court as Jus
tice of the peace for this district, and
that body will nane another man for
the place at the March term.
Mrs. John Kilkenny was a visitor
in the city from the Hinton creek
ranch on Monday.
ING AND PAPERHAH
W. T. Brookhouser
PHONE MAIN 703
Or leave orders with Peoples Hardware Co.
The success of our patrons and
the progress of the community are vi
tal necessities of our own success.
Consequently for our mutual benefit
we take pleasure and pride in pro
viding for your requirements as a
depository for funds, making of loans
and rendering advice in financial
Fir& National Bank
Have ju& placed in
&ock a few
It might interest you to look
them over. We will be
glad to show them.
March Deliniator and
THE GAZETTE-TIMES, ONLY $2 A YEAR
We have a very beautiful showing of all the new
weaves and materials for Spring. Come
in and look them over.
BEFORE BUYING COME IN AND SEE
OUR LADIES' SILK HOSE.
Maxwell - Chrysler
Fisk Tires and Satisfactory and Well
Known Atwater-Kent Radio Sets.
GASOLINE, OILS and GREASE
Guaranteed Automobile Electricians and
General Repair Shop.
WALTER L. LA DUSIRE, Prop.
U. S. TIRES
GAS, OILS, GREASE
HEPPNER TIRE & BATTERY SHOP
C. V. HOPPER