The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925, January 29, 1925, Image 1

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    The Gazette-Times
Volume 41, Number 44.
Subscripion $2.00 Per Year
Corporation Expands to
Aid Sheepmen in North-v
west in Coming Year.
Extension of tha loan service of the
Wool Growers' Service corporation on
a large scale throughout Washington,
Oregon and Idaho, beginnnig Jan. 1,
was announced recently by Secretary
J. F. Bears.
Commencing on that date, the cor
poration will advance $1 per fleece
on all unshorn wool to growers op
e rating In the three northwestern
states. After the wool is shorn and
lodged in the Western Wool ware
house at Portland, Ore., a government
bonded and licensed concern, the cor
poration will advance to the growers,
not to exceed 60 per cent of the ap
praised value of the wool.
Sheepmen to Get Funds.
In both Instances, money will be
obtained from the Federal In termed
iate Credit bank, Spokane. For ad
vances made prior to shearing 7 per
cent interest will be charged and on
advances made after the wool has
been shorn and stored in the ware
house, 6 per cent interest will be
"This method will give the sheep
men funds for spring expenses and a
strong advance on their wool after it
has been placed in the warehouse,"
Sears said. It will also give them
time to msrket it in an orderly man
ner, as the mills require it, Portland
is regarded as the wool market of
the west as Boston is of the east, and
mills tributary to Portland consume
from 10,000,000 to 15,000,00 pounds
of wool annually, approximately half
of the production of the three states.
In addition a number of eastern mills
have buyers residing at Portland who
are in the market for wool continu
ally to fill their mills' requirements.
Wool In Growers' Names.
"Wool shipped to Portland under
this plan will at all times remain in
the name of the grower and subject
to his orders. It will remain in the
original bags. A sample will be tak
en, scoured and tested and the grow
er confidentially advised by the ware
house officials as to the approximate
shrink, grade and value of his wool.
The appraisal will be made by gov
ernment licensed men and therefore
authentic and correct in every detail.
Neither the Western Wool warehouse
company nor any of its employes are
allowed under the warehouse act to
buy or sell wool on their own ac
count, "When the wool is landed in the
warehouse, the grower will get a re
ceipt as it is weighed in. When the
wool Is sold, the grower is paid -for
the outgoing weights. In many In
stances, wool will gain enough weight
while in storage to psy the carrying
charges. Last season Washington
sheepmen shipped approximately 600,-
(Continued on Par Four.)
The Pendlelon-Prineville
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A 1. 1 F O i R ' N l A
rUCH Interest Is being shown
large in tha proposed improvement of the ren
1 dleton-Prlneville cutoff through Wheclor and
Morrow counties, where Is now an undeveloped trail of
forty-eight miles winding through one of the most beau
tiful sections of Oregon. Twenty miles of this route is
Impassablo, In the inaccessible sections which would be
benefitted by construction of this highway there Is one
line of twenty miles of well developed whoat farms and
scattered over the area are prosperous stock ranches
and the nucleus of a future dairy district. All this re
claiming has been done by forward-looking pioneers who
have invested their money with the faith that such a
vast fertile country could not ba long Ignored by good
roads legislators.
The proposed highway connects the Old Oregon Trail
at Pendleton with The Dnilos-Cnilfornia at Bend, and
then branches off from Bend to Eugene, opening up a
new country as well as creating direct commercial con
nection from Walla Walla, Washington, to Bend and
Eugene and hence to the Port of Portland, The highway
Wheat Growing Sections Repre
sented in Appeal for State Aid
In Reseeding Crops.
$1,000,000 WILL BE ASKED
In order to put the situation of the
grain growers of Morrow county be
fore the legislative assembly at Sa
lem, a committee consisting of W.
P. Mahoney, Roger Morse, Judge R.
I. Benge, C. E. Woodson of Heppner,
George Peck of Lexington, Mr. Me
Entire and C. R. Gunzel of lone, de
parted on Monday and have been at
the state capitol during the week, la
boring in conjunction with similar
committees from Gilliam, Sherman
and Wasco counties to secure finan
cial aid from the state that will as
sist the farmers in financing their
needs in reseeding their lands.
The Morrow county committee mo
tored to Arlington and attended a
meeting of the farmers of Gilliam
county held there Monday afternoon,
and then on to Portland, where the
various committees were to meet and
organize for business before proceed
ing to Salem.
We have received no direct infor
mation as to what progress is being
made. A bill was prepared and pre
sented in committee, calling for an
appropriation of $300,000 for this re
lief, but by request was held up
awaiting the arrival of the grain
growers' committee. We understand
this died in committee room. An
other measure, similar to the one pre
sented to the Washington legislature,
is being considered, asking for $1,
000,000, and allowing a maximum of
600 bushels of grain to be furnished
to one grower. The Washington bill
allows but 400'bushels as a maximum
that can be supplied to any one pro
ducer. The members of the Morrow coun
ty committee are expected to arrive
home this week-end.
Held For Theft of
Krebs Bros.'
Willie Duran Is being held at Hepp
ner for the theft of an automobile,
the property of Krebs Bros, at Cecil.
The car was taken from the Krebs
place on Thursday morning last, and
after driving about for a day Duran
came to Heppner on 'Friday morning
and was picked up by the officers at
the filling station of Universal ga
rage, A preliminary hearing In the case
will be held tomorrow, as Duran had
asked for time. The car was turned
over to the owners immediately af
ter the arrest and was returned to
Born To Mr. and Mrs. Miller Hus
ton of Eight Mile on January 22nd,
a son, weight 7 pounds
Map showing proposed IVndleton-Prinevllle cut-off con
necting The Dalles-California highway. The opening of
(he highway to Prinevllle and Mend would give this area
i direct route to California and Klamath Falls and would
also open np sections of Morrow and Wheeler counties.
would also make accessible valuable timber in the Blue
mountains which Is now completely bottled up.
A preliminary Investigation made under the supervis
ion of B. F. Uceiley of the public bureau of roads in
1922 gives a favorable report of the less than five per
cent grade and the nominal expenditure necessary for
compltion of a single track earth road with suitable
turnouts at frequent intervals. The report indicates
the approximate cost of each mile of road as about
$10,000, including bridges. Mr. Becsley suggests in his
report that considerable additional development of the
interior torrltory would result from any road improve
ment. Considering the hadshipa that are being faced by
settlers who live in this country, practically untouched
by either highway or railroad, with the hope of soma
day having transportation facilities for their products,
and also taking into consideration the difficulties that
are cheerfully borne yearly by hundreds of nimroda and
anglers who avail themselves of the rich game resources
of the mountains and streams of Central Oregon, the
state would without doubt reap a rich harvest from the
nominal sum needed for construction of this important
brnnch of its highways.
Recognition by the Federal Government is to be ex
over the state at
I l
m vm V!5 ? x i 5 i it cold, 6l mm w a Wl
yOU CAN f A WAITin OOTMy lunch Spi N
I. 0. 0. F. Lodges to
Entertain Next Week
On Wednesday, February 4th, the
fourth of a acriea of I. O. 0. F. and
Rebekah get-together meeting! will
be held in Heppner, and the com
mittees in charge wish to cordially in
vite everyone who is any way affiliat
ed with either branch. The follow
ing program will be given, after
which refreshments will be served:
Address of Welcome S, E. Notson
High School Orchestra Selection.
Whistling Duet Miss Elizabeth
Phelps and Mrs. Gene Ferguson
Vocal Solo Anabel Turner
Reading Otelia Copenhavcr
'Vocal nolo Paul Mortimore
Reading Miss Gladys Benge
Boys Glee Club.
Reading Don Turner
Mixed Quartette High School
High School Orchestra Selection.
Born To Mr. and Mrs. John Par
ker of Lexington, Tuesday, January
27, 1!2S, a 7-pound son.
pected, ndvocatcs of the improved road believe. So far
Morrow county has never received any government aid
whatsover for highway construction, although at least
125 square miles of the Umatilla national forest lies in
Morrow county on the line of the proposed Improvement,
It is also pointed out that Morrow county has already
expended more than $100,000 on this project from which
It can derive no benefits until this connecting road is
built. Residents of Morrow and Wheeler counties, the
two counties directly affected by lack of construction of
this road, hope to see this importunt part of Oregon's
proposed road dcvelopmen placed upon the regular high
way program of tha state highway commission.
Your Income Tax.
IF YOU are single and support in
your home one or more persons
closely related to you and over
whom you exercise family eontrol,
you are the head of a family and
entitled under the revenue act of
1924 to the same personal exemp
tion allowed a married person.
$2,500. In addition, a taxpayer is
entitled to a credit of $400 for
each person dependent upon him
for chief support, if such person
is either under 18 years of age or
incapable of self-support because
mentally or physically defective.
Such dependent need not be a
member of the taxpayer's house
hold. For example, an unmarried
son who supports in his home an
aged mother is entitled to an ex
emption of $2,600 plus the $400
credit for a dependent, a total of
$2,900. If from choice the mother
lived in another city, the son, al
though her chief support, would be
entitled only to the $1,000 exemp
tion, plus the $400 credit. The
mother not living with him, he is
not considered the head of a fam
ily. An exemption as the head of a
family can be claimed by only one
member of a household.
The $400 credit does not apply
to the wife or husband of a tax
payer, though one may be totally
dependent upon the other.
State Officers Visit
Local Elks Saturday
Burnett Goldstein, District Deputy
Grand Exalted Ruler for Oregon,
north, and Ben Fisher, president of
the State Elks association, paid
Heppner Lodge No. 358 an official
visit on Saturday evening, Harold
Cohn meeting the gentlemen at Ar
lington and bringing them on to
Heppner in the afternoon.
There was a goodly attendance of
the Elks present to greet the state
officials, and Mr. Goldstein exempli
fied the work of the order and de
livered to them words of encourage
ment. His home is in Portland and
that city is getting ready to entertain
the national convention of the order
next summer. Mr. Fisher, who resides
at MarBhfteld, was particularly in
terested in this coming event as he
goes about the state working up in
terest in the big convention.
Local Talent Will
Present Comedy
The three-act farce comedy, "When
a Feller Needs a Friend," will be
presented at the Star theater on
Tuesday afternoon and evening of
next week, February 3rd. Local tal
ent, under the direction of Mrs. C
V. Hopper and Mrs. Roy Missildine,
have been diligently rehearsing the
play for several weeks past, and it
will be presented in first class style
and should draw a large crowd at
both performances. The cast is as
Tom Denker, an artist, Austin Smith
Bob Mills, a magazine writer
Leonard Schwart
Mrs. Reese, their landlady
Mrs. Violet Schurte
Jerry Smith, just returned from
"over there" Crocket Sprouls
Lis, Mrs. Reese s stepdaughter ....
Elaine Sigsbee
"Bing" Dickson, Lit s steady
Earl Merritt
William Denker, Tom's uncle
Rcid Buselck
Alice King, Tom's aunt
. Mary Patterson
rJatne Lynne, Alice King's ward....
Luola Bongo
Angela Scott, Bob s fiancee
Mary Crawford
John C. Ball suffered a fall this
wook that caused injury to his crip
pled leg.
Reports issued by the Superintend
ent show that for the semester just
ended 94.4 of all work done by high
school pupils was of passing grade or
above. This includes the work of all
students in all classes. For the first
semester of last year 91.4 only was
of passing grade.
In the elementary grades for this
semester 95.5 of the work of all
rooms was of passing grade.
Under the new ruling of the child
labor and compulsory education laws
which require all children under 18
yars .of age to be in school or le-
IV employed, the county board has
ordered all such to present themselves
at school. According to Mr. Hedrick,
"The new round up will not effect
more than seven or .eight pupils on
the outside. There is probably no
town in the state where a greater per
centage of pupils eligible to attend
school is enrolled than in Heppner,
over 98 -of all our eligibles are
actually in school and 51 of these
are boys."
The Junior class has elected its
officers for this semester. They are
president. Gene Pyle; vice president,
Crocket Sprouls; secretary, Flossie
Stender, treasurer, Victor Lovgren;
sergeant-at-arms, Eugene Doherty.
The two basketball games played
at Lexington between Lexington and
Heppner Hi teams resulted in vic
tories for the Lexington teams.
These games, however, were hard,
fast ones. Both teams played well.
The score for the girls' game was
27-2, while that for the boys was
The next basketball game will be
double-header played between the
Arlington and Heppner high school
teams. This game will be played at
Arlington next Saturday.
Farm Loan Association
Holds Annual Meeting
The annual meeting of the Hard-
man National Farm Loan association
was held at Heppner on January 13,
at which time the following officers
and directors were chosen: officers,
Jeff Jones, president; E. E. Rugg,
vice-president, and C. L. Sweek, sec
retary; directors, Jeff Jones, E. E.
Rugg, Theo. Anderson, John Her, O.
T. Ferguson and Oscar Keithley.
The association has over $400,000
in farm" loans in Morrow county, one
of these, only, being north of the
base line. There is to be a district
meeting at Pendleton today of the
National Farm Loan association, and
delegates chosen to attend from Hard-
man association are Jeff Jones and
C. L. Sweek. A program of consider
able length has been prepared for the
Pendleton meeting, and those who are
to deliver short addresses are Asa B.
Thompson, treasurer of the Federal
Land Bank of Spokane; Fred Bennion
of Pendleton; Eliza Ray Galbruith
of Prairie City; A. W. Cauthorn, di
rector of Federal Land Bank; Geo. C,
Jewett, secretary of Federal Land
Bank; Walter Hinkle, federal apprais
er; James H. Graham, Baker; Julia
Hagman, Stanfteld, and G. L. Sweek.
Mr. and Mrs. Bell Give
Up Hotel Heppner Lease
Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Boll, who have
for the past two years been in charge
of Hotel Heppner on a lease from
Pat Foley of The Dalles, this week
gave up possession of the hostlery
and retired.
Mr. Foley, who Is also owner of
Hotel Dalles at The Dalles, has taken
charge again of the Heppner hotel
and will operate the same until other
arrangements are made, so we are in
formed. Mr. Bell and family are still
at Heppner and wo are not informed
as to what their plans for the future
Mrs. Emily Kolley Is reported to be
quite low at her home in this city.
Control of Production Is
Not Enough to Insure
Success of Efforts.
By C. E. SPENCE, Market Agent
Co-operative marketing has made
great progress in the year just past
and it will make yet further advances
as its leaders study tbe problems and
look further into causes.
The failure of too many marketing
organizations in the past has been
that they have been based too much
on contracts to tie up producion and
too little on what to do with the tied
up products. Farm production can
not be curtailed like the production
of a furniture factory. The farm is
not a factory, where the output can
be controlled at will.
California thought it had solved
the marketing problems of raisins
and prunes when a monopoly was
formed in control of these products.
The minute that higher prices pre
vailed, then production increased; a
big unsold surplus piled up and the
result was the carry-over broke the
market and prices went below cost
of production. Raisins were fed to
And California has learned what
every successful selling agency most
learn that co-operative organizations
must go much further than tying up
production under sales contracts.
They must co-operate and work with
the buying end. No matter how high
or low the selling price of a product.
that is not a necessity, it will not
have a normal sale unless the con
suming public is able to buy it. Or
ganizing supply and overlooking de
mand entirely will not solve market
ing problems they must be consid
ered together. t
The consumers' ability to buy is of
more importance than the producers'
ability to sell. The relation of prof
itable marketing to purchasing power
is clear. The demand for farmers'
products is largely in city consumers,
and a very large majority of them are
wage-earners. When they have steady
work at fair wages they are depend
able purchasers of the farmers' goods.
The same is true of the farmers.
When they have ready markets at
fair prices for their products, they in
turn are good customers for the fac
tories that employ the city workmen.
These conditions work together for
general prosperity.
To have stable conditions it is ab
solutely necessary that the farmers
and industrial workers (who com
prise 90 per cent of our population)
have a purchasing power that will
enable them to buy each others' pro
ducts otherwise a surplus on each
side accumulates, or rather an under
consumption occurs. When this hap
pens the factories and mills curtail
production and lay off men, and when
two or three million men are out of
employment they cannot buy what
they need of the farmers' products,
and down go prices. And then the
farmer is forced to curtail his pur
chases of factory goods.
Another farmers' problem is the
relation of land values to cost of
production. Too many farmers who
buy land pay more for it than it is
actually worth far more than it is
worth based on the returns. This
boosts the cost of production and
cuts down the profits. As land values
rise mortgages and tenancy increase.
A third important factor that holds
back prosperous conditions is both di
rect and indirect taxation. These are
a heavy load on both farmer and con
sumer. Both have to pay the taxes
that are put on industry. The farm
er has to pay more for what he has
to use and this increases his produc
tion costs. And the consumer has
to pay the indirect taxes caused by
the many middle profits and other
costs in the way of higher prices, and
is therefore compelled to cut down
on his purchases.
The solution of marketing prob
lems must take into consideration
these conditions. The demand side
must be studied and remedied. It
must be worked out in connection
with organized supply. Goods must
go to the consumer from both the
farm and the factory at a far less
between cost, with fewer handlings
and less middle profits. Herein lies
a great indirect tax load, and a great
field for study and investigation.
E. L. Padberg Funeral
Held at lone Yesterday
Edward Lee Padberg passed away
at his home in lone on Monday, Jan
uary 26, following an illness of sev
eral months duration. He had been
a sufferer for a long time with stom
ach trouble, and for several months
past he Bought relief of physicians at
Pendleton and Portland, but to no
avail. His funeral was held at 1
o'clock p. m., on Wednesday at lone
Baptist church, and was so largely
attended that it was not possible for
half the people to get into the church
Burial was at the cemetery in Lex
ington, and the procession of automo
biles was at least a mile in length
Mr. Padberg was a prominent resi
dent of the lone section, having re
sided all his life in that portion of
Morrow county. He was 64 years, 4
months and 26 days of age and leaves
besides his own immediate family
very large circle of friends. He had
been active for years in the business
affairs of lone, engaged quite exten
sively in farming and stockraising, in
all of which he was quite successful
He was also an active member of the
t. O. O. F. order, and his funeral was
conducted under the auspices of the
lone lodge and largely attended by
members of the fraternity from over
the county.
Regular meeting of Heppner Post
No, 87, American Legion, will be held
Tuesday evening, February 3rd. It Is
the desire of Commander Gemmell
that a large number of the members
be present as there are several mat
ters of importance to be disposed of.
Richard Shore Smith, Former All
American Fullback, Accepts
Position at University.
University of Oregon, Eugene, Jan.
24. Richard Shore Smith of Eugene,
former All-American fallback and all
around athlete and during his playing
days captain of two. collegiate elevens,
Oregon and Columbia University, New
York, was elected coach of the Uni
versity of Oregon eleven to succeed
Joseph H. I. ad doe It, resigned, at s
meeting of the executive council Wed
Smith was one of the greatest play
ers of the period from 1896 to 1903
and many critics class him as among
the best fallbacks who ever wore col
lege colors. He won the distinction
of making the All-American team
while a law student at Columbia, fol
lowing his graduation from the Uni
versity of Oregon in 1901. He played
on Colombia elevens from 1901 to
1903. With the appointment of Smith
there are now two former All-American
players holding coaching posi
tions on the Pacific Coast. Andy
Smith of California, while fullback
on the Pennsylvania eleven, won the
honor. The two Smiths competed
against each other when Columbia
met Pennsylvania in 1902.
The new Oregon coach, known to
his friends as "Dick" has followed
football ever since his college days.
He coached the Oregon football team
in 1903 after completing his law
course in the East, and in 1904 re
turned to New York to tutor the Co
lumbia eleven for a year. Changes in
football that have taken place since
then have been carefully studied by
the former fullback. In recent years
he has aided the Oregon coaches, giv
ing a good deal of service to the
squad last fall when Mad dock was
head coach.
Those in charge of Oregon athletics
look forward confidently to the 1925
season. Smith is a coach who com
mands the situation, maintains a good
coaching organization, keeps up mor
ale, and gets his instruction over to
the team.
Smith played on Oregon elevens
from 1896 to 1901, the last two years
as captain. He played on an Oregon
eleven that triumphed over a Univer
sity of California team 2 to 0, a re
markable achievement for the young
Eugene institution. He made his "O"
also in track, competing in the broad
jump and the weights. While at Co
lumbia the Oregon man starred tn
track and crew as well as in football.
The Columbia football captaincy came
to him in his third and last year on
the Eastern eleven.
After serving a year as coach at
Columbia, Smith took up the practice
of law in Oregon, locating at Astoria
and later at Klamath Fails, borne
years later he moved to Eugene, where
he practiced since. His firm is Smith
and Bryson.
No details of Smith s contract or
salary were announced by the execu
tive council. The new coach will
have charge of spring practice.
"I personally think that Smith is
one of the best informed men on foot
ball in the country," said Virgil Earl,
University director of athletics. "He
has the football instinct and is an
excellent judge of the game. Smith
knows men and knows how to handle
This view was seconded by the
members of the executive council.
Mrs. Ben Cox passed away at her
home on Hinton creek at 5:00 a. m.
this morning, following an illness of
several weeks. She is survived by her
husband. As we go to press funeral
arrangements have not been complet
ed, but will likely be on tomorrow
Mr. and Mrs. Peter O'Rourke of La
Grande announce the arrival at their
home on January 3, 1925, of a son
weighing 8 pounds. The young
man has been given the name of Pet
er, Jr.
Walter Becket, who rai ses grain on
Eight Mile, was in the city on Satur
day attending to bmines affair.
The Three Act Comedy
Will Be Presented on
Tuesday, February 3
By High School Students, and directed
by Mrs. Caire Hopper and Mrs.
Roy Missildine.
Matinee 2:30 p. m. Admission 20c and 40c
Regular Performance at 8:00. Adm. GOc.
By Arthur BrisbtuM
What Women Teach.
Mr. Stone's Enemies.
Two Wonderful Legs.
About Clock Watching.
H. G. Wells worries about tha
American system of public school ed
ucation. He is much afraid that our
manhood will be damaged because oar
Lschool boys are educated largely by
It is kind of Mr. Wells to worry,
but he is wasting time and energy in
this case.
If he will look into his own book of
history at one of his ancestors with
the big teeth, low forehead and heavy
jaw, he will find that human beings
have changed. And he ought to know
that they have changed, thanks to the
fact that men have been educated by
their MOTHER3.
Women have educated not only the
boys but also the men, gradually tak
ing the brutality out of them. And
that's what they need. On the lap
of his mother, and at her knee, man
has been changed from the troglodyte
that used to crack bis neighbor's
thigh bone to get at the marrow, in
to our present imitation of civiliza
tion. Women can teach the schoolboy
justice, kindness, courage, patience
and concentration.
What other manly characteristics
does the man teach?
Somebody representing the rail
roads will have to do some thinking,
and plan something, or our very re
spectable United States railroads are
going to suffer no matter how much
the Government may do for them.
Motor trucks are robbing the roads
of short haul freight, and the long
haul goes more and more by canal
wherever it can. Mr. Thorn for the
railroads says so.
Do railroads intend to meet new
conditions or just die out, like the
dinosaur, when his time came and the
rats gnawed his big feet?
The motor truck and flying machine
will be the rats of the railroad dino
saur. Ail the world reads about the mar
velous racing Finn, Nurmi. He broke
two indoor world's records. He's an
iron man. He ran the mile in 4 min
utes 13 3-5 seconds, cutting a second
off the world's record.
Honor him, his legs, heart, longs
and courage, but honor still more
highly such men as the late Stein
metz. A crippled hunchback, he could
not have run five thousand metres in
two hours. But his brain ran as well
as Nurmi's legs run. If, by the way,
Steinmetz came to the United States
today, a crippled Jewish boy, as he
did forty or fifty years ago, he would
be sent home.
Why does the crowd pay to see fast
legs and care less for a thinking
brain? Because the crowd can all
run. Not all can think.
Further information would be wel
come concerning the motives of in
dividuals that oppose the Presi
dent's appointment of Attorney Gen
eral Stone to the Supreme Bench.
What disturbs those that oppose
the nomination?
How much of the opposition is due
to the fact that as soon as he was ap
pointed Mr. Stone proceeded to select
competent lawyers, to dig into the
war frauds, instead of letting the
grafters rest in peace?
And how much of the opposition ia
due to Attorney General Stone's at
titude toward the combination of har-
f Continued on Page Four)