Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 10, 1924)
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY
Volume 40, Number 40. HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, JAN. 10, 1924. Subscription $2.00 Per Year
Bok Peace Plan
Half of $100,000 Prize Awarded; Remainder
Given if People's Vote Favors
PROPOSES U. S. ENTER WORLD COURT
New York, Jan. 9. Of the 22,165 plans submitted in competition
for the American Peace Award, No. 1469 has been chosen winner by
the jury. The award of $100,000 was offered by Edward W. Bok,
Philadelphia publicist, for the best practical plan by which the United
States might co-operate with other nations to prevent war.
The plan, which proposes that the United States enter the perman
ent court of international justice, and co-operate with the league of
nations, is submitted to a vote of the American people. The author has
been awarded $50,000 of the $100,000 prize, and will be given the
rest if the majority vote favors the adoption of the plan by the United
States. His name will be withheld until after returns of the voting
have been completed, that there -may be no personal element consid
ered in it. . '
The Gazette-Times publishes here
with a condensed summary of the
plan, with Us presentation by Edward
W. Bok, and endorsement by the Am
erican Peace Award jury. A ballot
Is provided and it is urged that every
one cast a vote and mail promptly to
"The Amercian Peace Award, 342
Madison Avenue, New York City."
PLAN PRESENTED FOR VOTE OF
With deep satisfaction I present for
the consideration and vote of the
American people the plan selected by
the Jury as entitled to the American
Peace Award under the conditions.
The Award brought forth 22,165
plans. Since many of them were the
composite work of organizations, uni
versities, etc., a single plan often
represented the views of hundreds or
thousands of individuals. There were
also received several hundred thou
sand of letters which, while they did
not submit plans, suggested In almost
each instance a solution of the peace
The Jury had therefore before H
an index of the true feeling and judg
ment of hundreds of thousands of
Americn citizens.. The plans came
from every group in American life.
Some were obviously from life-long
students of history and international
law. Borne were from persons who
have studied little, but who have
themselves seen and felt the horror
of war or who are even now living
out its tragedy.
However unlike, they almost all
express or Imply the same conviction:
That this is the time for the nations
of the earth to admit frankly that
war is a crime and thus withdraw the
legal and moral sanction too long per
mitted to it as a method of settling
international disputes. Thousands of
plans show a deep aspiration to have
the United States take the lead in a
common agreement to brand war in
very truth an "outlaw."
The plana show a realization that
no adequate defense against this sit
uation has thus far been devised; and
that no international law has keen
developed to control it. They point
out that security of life and property
is dependent upon the abolition of
war and the cessation of thn manu
facture of munitions of war.
Some of the plana labor with the
problem of changing the hearts of
men and disposing them toward peace
and good will; some labor to And a
practicable means of dealing with the
economic causes of war; some labor
with adjusting racial animosities,
with producing a finer conception of
nationalsm, etc., etc.
Through the plans as a whole run
these dominant currents:
That, if war is honestly to be pre
vented, there must be a right-about-face
on the part of the nations in
their attitude toward it; and that by
some progressive agreement the man
ufacture and purchase of the muni
tions of war must be limited or
That while no political mechanism
alone will insure cooperation among
the nations, there must be some ma
chinery of cooperation, if the wilt to
cooperate is to be made effective; that
mutual counsel among the nations is
the real hope for bringing about the
disavowal of war by the open avowal
of Its real causes and open discussion
Finally, that there must be some
means of defining, recording, inter
preting and developing the law of
The Jury of Award unanimously
selected the plan summarized below
as the one which most closely reflect
ed several of these currents.
The Honorable Elihu Root, chair
man of the Jury of Award, then pre
pared the following forward-looking
statement indicating that the mutual
counsel and cooperation among the
nations provided in the selected plan
may lead to the realization of another
and not tha least important of the
Do you approve the winning plan
(Put an X after "Ym" c
Address .- :
Are you a, voter ?,..,.-.-
Mull promptly to
THE AMERICAN PEACE AWARD
142 Madison Ave., New York City
If you wfnh to express a fuller opinion
also, pleane write to the American
THE QUESTION TO BE VOTED
The substantial provisions which
constitute the plan selected by the
Jury of Award, and upon which the
vote of the American people Is
asked, are hereby submitted by the
Policy Committee as follows:
!. Enter the Permanent Court,
That the United States adhere
to the Permanent Court of Inter
national Justice for the reasons
and under the conditions stated
by Secretary Hughes and President
Harding in February, 1923.
II. Cooperate With the League of
Nations, Without Full Mem
bership at Present.
That without becoming a mem
ber of the League of Nations as at
present constituted, the United
States Government should extend
its present cooperation with the
League and propose participation
in the work of its Assembly and
Council under the following con
ditions and reservations:
Safeguarding the Monroe Doctrine.
1. The United States accept the
League of Nations as an instrument of
mutual counsel, but it will aaitume no
obligation to Interfere with political
quit no n of policy or internal adminis
tration of any foreign atate.
In uniting its efforts with those of
other States for the preservation cf
peace and the promotion of the common
welfare, the United States insinta upon
the safeguarding of the Monroe Doe
trine and does not abandon its tradi
tional attitude conrerninir American in
dependence of the Old World and does
not 'concent to submit its long eatab
linhed policy conrerninr questions re
garded by it as purely American to the
recommendation or decision of other
Na Military r Economic Force
z. The only kind of compulsion which
nations can freely enttnge to apply to
each other in the name of I'eace it that
whL'h arises from conference, from
moral judgment, from full puhlirhy,
and from the power of public opinion.
The United States will assume no ob-'
ligation under Article X in it present
form, or under Article XVI in it pres
ent form in the Covenant, or in its
amended form as now proponed, unless
In any part icular cane Congress has
authorised such action.
The United States prnpoww thHt Ar
tick V and XVI be either dropped al
together or so amended and changed u
to eliminate any auitgention of a gen
eral agreement to us coercion for ob
taining conformity to the pledges of the
Ns Obligations Under Versailles Treaty
S. The United States will acrcpt no
responsibilitiea tytder the Treaty of Ver
sailles unless in any particular case
Congrettt has authorised such action.
Leaaue Open to AM Nations.
4. The United State Government pro
poses that Article I of the Covenant be
construed and applied, or, if necessary,
redrafted, so that admission to the
League shall be assured to any self
governing State that wishes to join and
that receives the favorable vote of two
thirds of the Assembly.
Development of International Law
It. As a condition of Its participation
in the work and counsels of the league,
the United Statea aks that the Assem
bly and Council consent or obtain au
thorityto begin collaboration for the
revision and development of interna
tional law, employing for this purpose
the aid of a commission of jurists. This
Commission would be directed to for
mulate anew existing rules of the law
of nations, to reconcile divergent opin
ions, to consider points hitherto Inade
quately provided for but vital to the
maintenance of International justice,
and in general to define the social rights
and duties of StHtes. The recommen
dations of the Commission would be
presented from time to time, in proper
form-for consideration, to the Assembly
as to a recommending ff not a law
dominant desires of the American
public as expressed in the plans;
it is the unanimous hope of the
Jury that the flrnt fruit of the mutual
counsel and cooperation among the
nationa which will result from the
adoption of the plan selected will be
a general prohibition of the manu
facture and sale of all materials of
The purpose of the American Peace
Xward is thus fulfilled: To reflect in
a practicable plan the dominating na
tional sentiment as expressed by the
large cross-section of the American
public taking part in the Award.
I therefore commend the winning
plan as unanimously selected by the
Jury of Award, and Mr. Root's state
ment of the first object to be at
tained by the counsel and cooperation
provided In the plan, to the Interest
and the widest possible vote of the
EDWARD W. BOK.
STATEMENT OF JURY OF AWARD.
The Jury of Award realises that
there is no one approach to world
pcaco, and that it is necessary to rec
ognise not merely political but also
psychological and economical factors.
The only possible pathway to inter
national agreement with reference to
these complicated- and difficult fni
tors is through mutual counsel and
THOSE NOISY MINORITIES
LOCAL EMS ITEMS
Our seven or eight Inches of snow
has about disappeared, the festive
chinook coming along and turning it
into water. The streets of Heppner
are a glare of ice just now, but the
mild weather will soon get rid of
that. During the past ten days the
ice harvest has been on, and Jimmy
Cowins has put up a fine lot of excel
lent ice, and Morrow County Creamery
company have their warehouse filled
to the roof. Regardless of the fact
that a general thaw has set in and
the present cold snap is waning, we
ore not quite ready to believe that
winter is over for this part of the
Judge W. T. Campbell of this city
and Commissioner L. P. Davidson of
lone, left for Portland on Monday, to
be present at the meeting of the state
highway commission on Tuesday and
Wednesday of this week. From Port
land they go on to Salem to attend
the annual convention of the county
judges nd commissioners of the
state. Commissioner Benge left for
Portland on Wedensday to join his
colleagues, not being able to go with
them the first of the week because
of the funeral of his nephew, Cecil
Barnett, which he attended at Walla
Walla on Monday.
The annual stockholders meeting of
the Farmers & Stockgrowers Nation
al Bunk of Heppner was held at their
office in this city on Tuesday last and
the entire old board of directors and
officers were reelected for another
year. These are J. W. Beymer. presi
dent, Emmet Cochran, vice-president,
J. K Higley, cashier, W. T. Matlock,
J. G. Thomson and J. D. French, di
rectors. Report of the condition of
this bank at the close of business
Dec. 31, 1923, shows the institution to
be in a splendid financial condition.
A couple of moving vans came up
from The Dalles today to take the
household goods of Dr. Chick to that
city, where he wilt be located in the
future. Dr. Chick will have offices
In the First National Bank building
in that city and he will always be
glad to welcome old Morrow county
frends. Dr. Johnston of Arlington,
who will take over the practice of
Dr. Chick here, will arrive on the
fifteenth of this month.
Charley Ostcn returned Tuesday
evennig from quite an extended visit
to Portlnnd, Seattle and Ellensburir.
where different members of his fam
ily reside. His son, C. J. Osten, who
is located in Portland, is doing well
and enjoying a pood business. At El
lensburg, where Mr. Osten was during
the past week, the weather was pretty
cold, registering 19 degrees below
zero when he left there Monday.
Carl Cason and Reid Buseick, high
school students, departed today for
Eugene to attend the conference of
high school students ir- that city,
these young men being the delegates
of Heppner Hi, the former being
president of the student body and
the latter advertising manager of the
Hchisch, school annual.
During the cold spell work contin
ued on the Heppner hill market road
nnd that portion is about completed.
The force wilt be moved onto the
work within the city limits right
awny, and should the open spell of
weather continue, the city's end of
the job will be completed on schedule
Dr. C. C. Chick has disposed of his
residence property in this city to
W. E. Pruyn, the consideration being
$3000. Mr. and Mrs. Pruyn will take
possession of the property immediate-
cooperation which the plan selected
contemplates. It is therefore the unan
imous opinion of the Jury that of the
22,106 plans submitted, Plan Number
Ufii) is "the best pructicablo plan by
which tho United States may coop
erate with other nations to achieve
and preserve tho peace of the world."
It n the unanimous hope of the
Jury that the first fruit of the mutual
counsel nnd cooperation among the
notions which will result from the
adoption of the plan selected will be a
general prohibition of the manufac
ture and sale of all materials of war,
ELIHU ROOT, Chairman.
James Gutherle Harbord.
Edward M. House.
Ellen Fits Pendleton,
William Allen White.
Morrow County Creamery
Will Have New Building
The Morrow County Creamery com
pany is contemplating the erection of
a new and commodious building for
its business. The structure, accord
ing to Manager Cox, will be of con
crete and tile, and is to occupy the
Cohn lot on the East side of Main
street, opposite the postoffice. This
lot was recently purchased by the
company, and it is the intention to
begin the building operations just as
soon as all the details are worked
The lot chosen by Mr. Cox is ideal
ly situated for the business, chiefly
because of the good drainage facil
ities that it offers, and when the new
creamery is completed, Heppner will
have another building of modern con
struction that she will be proud of,
and the creamery wilt be advantage
ously located to carry on its ever
increasing business in the manufac
ture of butter and ice cream.
CECIL BARNETT DIES.
Cecil Barnett, aged 16 years and
eight months, a native of Pendleton,
died this morning at Walla Walla,
hfs death being due to rheumatism
of the heart. He attended high
school here and recently moved to
Walla Walla with his mother, Mrs.
Ruth Benge Barnett. He had been
ill for some time. Besides his moth
er, his father, C. P. Barnett, two half
brothers, Fred Windsor and Louis
Windsor, and a half sister, Claudia
Windsor Tartou, survive. Funeral
services will be held on Monday at
2 p. m. in Walla Walla under the aus
pices of the Episcopal church of which
the youth was a member. Pendleton
East Oregonian. The deceased was a
nephew of R. L. Benge of this city,
Mrs. Eph Eskelson, W. F. Barnett and
T, li. Barnett of Lexington.
ly, Dr. Chick having moved his house
hold effects to his new location at
The little four-year-old daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Casebeer, of Sand
Hollow was taken to Pendleton hos
pital on Sunday by Dr. C. C. Chick
and operated on for a severe case of
appendicitis. At last reports the
child was doing well and her early
recovery is looked for.
A. Z. Barnard, Lexington service
station operator, was doing business
in Heppner on Tuesday. He reports
things going pretty slowly at Lex
ington during the cold Bnap.
Roy Neil, Butter creek ranchman,
was in Heppner for a short time
Lotus Robison, ranchman and
stockgrower of the Hardman section,
was down to Heppner yesterday.
When he left home it was still pretty
cold out that way, the chinook com
ing after he reached town.
Rev. W. O. Livingstone went to
Portland on Monday, where he spent
a day or so attending a meeting of
the board of the state Christian Mis
sionary society of which he is a mem
ber. Cecil Sargent and wife of lone,
were visitors here yesterday. Mr.
Sargent, who resides up the creek a
short distance from town, is engnged
in conducting a milk route for lone.
Laxton McMurray was up from lone
a short time yesterday. He stated
that the chinook had reached his sec
tion and the snow was slowly melting
just about as it was at Heppner.
R. L. Benge of this city, and Mrs.
Eph Eskelson and W, F. Barnett of
Lexington, were at Walla Walla on
Monday to attend the funeral of their
nephew, the late Cecil Barnett,
Frank E. Mason, Lexington wheat
grower, was here yesterday, looking
after business affairs. He is of the
opinion that we will get plenty of
winter weather yet.
Sheriff George McDufTee is In Port
land this week, where he is attend
ing a. meeting of the peace officers of
the stato, gathered there in annual
Mr, and Mrs, M. L. Curran returned
home Saturday from their visit of ten
days with relatives and friends at
White Salmon, Wash., and Portland.
Miss Pearl Hall of Heppner, sister
of Mrs. Earl Gordon, hns taken the
position in the postoffice vacated by
Miss Burton. Arlington Bulletin.
Frnnk Swaggart, ranchman of the
Lena section, was a visitor here on
CECIL NEWS ITEMS
Miss Georgia Summers and Laur
ence Harmon, and Bob Lowe and Don
Resler left on the local on Tuesday
for Portland to resume their studies
at their respective schools after hav
ing a grand and glorious holiday
among their Cecil friends.
The Mayor made a trip to the coun
ty seat on Wednesday with his fam
ily for the opening of the school term
and i turned home on Friday accom
panied by his brother David who will
visit friends for a few days.
Mr. and Mrs. Roy E. Stender of
Seldomseen were calling in Cecil on
Wednesday after seeing their sisteis
Annie and Flossie Stender on the lo
cal bound for their studies at Hepp
ner high school.
Karl Troedson and party of friends
from lone made a short call in Cecil
aa Sunday after goose hunting for
several hours in the Blalock district.
where they had good sport, killing
John Krebs, who has been doing
the sights of Portland for a couple
of weeks, returned to the farm on
Thursday and is now having a grand
parade among the frozen pipes at the
Miss Crystal Roberts who has been
spending her vacation with her moth
er, Mrs. Geo. Perry at Ewing, re
turned to her studies at Heppner
high school on Wednesday.
Cecil has quite a cover of snow at
time of writing, January 5th, and the
coldest day was today, when it reg
istered ten below zero at seven a. m.
Miss Minnie H. Lowe who has been
spending her vacation with her par
ents at Cecil, returned to her studies
at Monmouth during the week.
Geo. W. Wilson arrived at Butter
by Flats from Hynd Bros ranch at
Freezeout with a large band of rhtep
which will winter at Cec'!.
Walter Pope accompanied Bob
Lowe and Don Realer of Portland to
Arlington on Saturday where they
visited for a few hours.
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Henriksen of
Strawberry ranch, also J, W. Osborn
of Cecil, were calling in Arlington
during the past week.
Miss Silvers, teacher of Rhea Sid
ing school, has opened her school
again after spending her vacation at
her home in Astoria.
Al Henriksen and son Clifford of
the Moore ranch near Heppner made
a short call in Cecil while on their
way to Arlington.
Mrs. T. W. May of Lone Star ranch
accompanied by Mr. and Mrs. Ellis
White of Astoria were calling in
Cecil on Friday.
Mr. and Mrs. Oral Henriksen en
tertained a large party of friends on
New Year's eve at their residence at
Mrs. Weltha Combest of Cecil left
on the local on Sunday for Portland
where she will visit friends for some
E. Linsley arrived in Cecil on Wed
nesday from Salem and will visit his
sister, Mrs. J. E. Crab tree for some
Lawrence Harman of Walla Walla
was the week-end guest of Mr. and
Mrs. Geo. Krebs at the Last Camp.
J. W. Osborn and Mr. and Mrs. H.
J. Streeter of Cecil were doing busi
ness in Arlington on Thursday.
Miss Thelma Miller of Heppner was
the guest of Miss Violet Hynd at But
terby Flats during the week.
Gus Davis arrived from Pendleton
on Wednesday and will work at the
Elmer Cool from Athlone Cottage
near lone was doing business in Cecil
Marion Van Schonick of Arlington
was looking up his Cecil friends on
Mrs. Geo. Perry was calling on Mrs.
Geo. Noble at Rhea on Sunday
A special meeting of Heppner
Lodge No. 69 will be held on Satur
day evening, January 12. Work in
the E. A. degree. By order of the
W. M. L. W. BRIGGS, Sec,
AGAIN URGES MEET
FOR SPRAY ROAD
Cut-Off Entitled to Government
Aid as Post and Forest
Road Says Bleakman.
G. A. Bleakman ha. not reated
ince his first attempt to arouse in
terest in a meeting in Heppner to
(ret action started on the Heppner
Spray cut-off. Due time havine
elapsed for his first shot to take
effect, he again writes this paper as
"I am glad to hear that there is
going to be somethnig done in the
matter of completing the Oregon
Washington highway, but let us not
lose sight of the fact that we 8re
till after the Heppner-Spray cut-off.
Now then, if we are going to wait
until the Oregon-Washington road is
completed it ia going to be several
years before we can even get the
Heppner-Spray road on the map. I
would suggest that a meeting be call
ed and a committee be appointed to
confer with the atate highway com
mission, giving them the facts and
figures in the matter and showing
them why the road should be built.
"From what I can find out the post
and forest road people are willing
to give thit road consideration if we
will get the proposed road put on the
state highway system map. In order
to get on the map we will have to go
before the highway commission and
Bhow them the merits of the road.
The state of Oregon will get about
$2,000,000 for road work this year,
and as Morrow county has never had
a cent of federal road money so far,
I think we should wake up and make
an effort to get some of this govern
ment money, as the Heppner-Spray
road is a post and forest road and en
titled to government aid. As Morrow
county and the city of Heppner have
put up about $125,000 to help build
this road, I believe the state people
will be perfectly willing to help if we
point out to them the facts in the
matter' and the great need for this
proposed road. I hope we can get
busy and get things going as soon aB
G. A. BLEAKMAN, Hardman. Ore.
May Decide to Leave
Here for Myrtle Point
In order that he may be enabled
to greatly enlarge his business, C. H.
Latourell is contemplating making
a move from Heppner to Myrtle Point,
Coos county. He is at that place this
week, looking over the situation, hav
ing been offered the agency there by
the Ford Motor company.
While Myrtle Point is no larger
than Heppner, the little city is so
situated that it is a very advantage
ous point for the selling of cars, and
it is estimated that the demand for
this class of vehicles is at least three
times greater there than here. Mr.
Latourell has made no disposition of
his agency here as yet, but it is un
derstood that he is negotiating with
local parties who desire to take over
First National Bank
Holds Annual Election
The annual election of the board
of directors of the First National
bank of Heppner was held in the of
fice of the bank on Tuesday. The
old board of directors was re-elected,
together with all the officers, and the
report of the condition of the bank
at the present time was found to be
highly satisfactory. Directors chos
en were Frank Gilliam. John Kilken
ny and Jack Hynd. M. S. Corrigall
was chosen president, W. P. Mahoney,
vice-president and general manager,
and Walter E. Moore, cashier.
FARM RESIDENCE BURNS.
The farm residence of John S.
Moore, on the Lee White place in
the north Sand Hollow section, was
totally destroyed by fire early last
week, together with the most of its
contents. The fire hit Mr. Moore
pretty hard, coming at this time of
year, and he and his family were
turned out with little to shield them
from the storms of winter. They
were cared for by kindly neighbors,
rffcd Mr. Moore expects to have an
other house on the place just as soon
as it is possible to do so. He was in
Heppner Tuesday looking up the
proposition of bidding in the school
house in district No. 24 that is being
posted for sale, and if he is success
ful in getting this building, it will
be moved to his farm and converted
into a residence. This school building
is in pretty good shape but is located
several miles from the Moore place.
The district has been abandoned and
the building is benig sold as a con
sequence. MEET SEVERE WINDSTORM.
Mr. and Mra. Bert Stone and Mr.
and Mrs. Dean T. Goodman, in the
Stone and Goodman cars, returned
home from Portlnnd Sunday. They
left Portland Saturday evening, and
coming up the highway met one of the
worst wind storms it was ever their
lot to experience, they said. The
wind was so terrific that it lifed the
top off of the Stone enr, and blew
Mrs. Stone's hat so far that they
never did see it land. Mr. Stone is
rapidly recovering from operations,
which he recently underwent, and is
able to be up town, though yet unablt
to attend to his harness business.
HOLD MEETING AT IUI1IGON.
R. W. Morse, county agont, accom
panied by E. R. Jnckman, H. A. Llnd
gren and E. L. Potter, extension work
ers from the Oregon Agricultural
college, went to Irrigon Saturday eve
ning where they held a meeting with
the Irrigon Farm Bureau. The Irri
gon chupter recently withdrew from
the county organization, and those
gentlemen were making an endeavor
fo get them to reassocinte themselves.
We did not learn the outcome of the
A popcorn ball sale held by the
Junior class of Heppner High school
last Tuesdny netted them over $4
for their class funds.
ROAD WORK GOES ON
IN SPITE OF WINTER
"The present winter weather has
not stopped the progress of tha Hepp
ner hill road work," was tha enlight
ening declaration of W. L. McCaleb,
Morrow county roadmaster, this week.
"The road crew ia now spreading the
rock on the new survey at the top
of the kill, and two more days will
find them ready to move down to the
edge of town." Though not complet
ed the road is open to travel and is
in better shape than the old route.
There is considerable blasting yet
to be done on the roak cliff on npper
Main street, said Mr. McCaleb, but
he is keeping in touch with the pow
der man and will have kim on the job
just as soon as there is need for him.
"Of course the ground being frozen
slows op tke work some, but consid
ering everything it is progressing
nicely," Mr. McCaleb declared.
When the Heppner hill portion of
the Hardman market road is complet
ed, the worst part of the construction
work will be done, and the macadam
will reach from Heppner to tha head
of Cason canyon on Heppner flat.
This is all the construction included
in the present program for this road.
As soon as it is finished the county
will go ahead with the quarter-mile of
macadam for the city of Heppner,
reaching from May street and con
necting up with the county road.
Many State Societies
Favor Farm Conference
Program of Agricultural Development
Ia Aim of Gathering at O. A. C.
January 23rd to 26th
The Oregon State Fanners Union,
the state horticultural society, state
chamber of commerce, and the agri
cultural committee of the state bank
ers association and Portland cham
ber of commerce have endorsed the
agricultural economic conference to
be held at the state college Jan. 23
to 26. George A. Palmiter, president
of the state grange, and J. D. Mickle,
state dairy and food commissioner,
and secretary of the Oregon Dairy
council, have approved of its aims and
The conference marks the first gen
eral attempt of the big agricultural,
financial and business interests of
the state to get together to work for
the betterment of the state's funda
mental industry growing and mar
keting farm produce.
"Grow more fruit" or wheat, or
meat, or butter, or eggs, or other
things up for discussion, was the
advice thrust upon the puzzled far
mer by non-farming interests in the
old days. "Back to the farm was
the companion cry. Both slogans
sought to increase farm production
regardless of markets and profits.
To have the crops "half sold when
planted," because they are what the
people want, or ean be induced to
want, is the proposed way of solving
the marketing problem. To help far
mers find the facts on which they
can direct their farming into the most
profitable lines, and then help them
finance their operation and market
their crops at a profit are conference
Hany leading newspaper men of the
state will attend the closing hours of
the conference to learn the program
for their districts, and find out what
they can do to help put it over.
Held Tuesday Afternoon
The Patron Teachers Association
held its monthly meeting at the
schoolhouse Tuesday at 3:00 p. m.
The special feature of the program
was a well worked out dramatization
of the story of the Three Bears, giv
en by the second grade under the
direction of Mrs. Dix.
Talks were given by C. L. Sweek on
"Thrift" and by Mrs. Gillilan on "Co
operation of Parents with the School."
Other numbers on the program were
a vocal solo "by Patricia Mahoney
and a piano solo by Marjorie Clark.
Both were well received.
In spite of the inclement weather
the attendance was very good. The
second grade received the award for
the largest number of parents pres
ent. A business meeting followed the
program. The matter of finances was
the principal topic. The report of the
treasurer showed a balance of (75.0?
in the bank.
As this is a Patron Teachers Asso
siation a larger membership of par
ents is desired. At present over 35
are faculty members.
SELLS CITY PROPERTY.
W. A. Wilcox, who was in the city
during the past week from Estacada,
disposed of his city property to W.
C. Isom. Mr. Isom and his family
will will take possession of the prop
erty at once. They came to Heppner
ar y Itst season from Grant county,
and have been living in the Wherry
1ropojt in the south part of .he
city. The consideration on this trade
FILES PETITION IX BANKRUPTCY.
The petition of Harry E. Barthol
omew in bankruptcy has been receiv
ed by Thos. FitzGerald as referee in
bankruptcy cases. The debts of the
petitioner are set forth as about $50.
499. His assests consist of about
$100 worth of personal clothing and
$300 worth of household goods, ac
cording to the petitioner, both of
which are claimed exempt. Echo
CALL FOR COUNTY WARRANTS.
All General Fund Warrants of Mor
row County, Oregon, registered prior
to August 31st, 1923. will be paid on
presentation at the office of the Coun
ty Treasurer on or after January
22nd, li24, on which date interest on
said warrants wilt cease.
Dated at Heppner, Oregon, Janu
ary Uth, 112-4
LEON W BRIGGS,
Can the Dead Talk to the Living?
New Officers Elected and
O. A. C. MEN SPEAK
Bad Weather Cots Attendance at
Meeting of County Organization
But Lively Session Had.
In spite of the Inclement weather,
causing a small attendance at the an
nual Morrow County Farm Bureau
meeting here Saturday, a lively inter
est was shown by those present, and
election of officers for the ensuing
year and adoption of resolutions took
place. E. R. Jackman, farm crop spe
cialist, H. A. Lindgren, wool special
ist and E. L. Potter, livestock special
ist, from Oregon Agricultural eollege
were present and gave valuable dis
courses on subjects In their lines.
R. B. Wilcox, of Lexington, was cho
sen to head the organization for 1924.
B. H. Peck, of Rhea creek, was eiected
vice-president, and Roy Campbell, of
Social Ridge, waa made secretary
treasurer. So few being present at the morn
ing session, called at 10 a. the
main business of the day was post
poned for the afternoon session, af
ter R. W. Turner, retiring president,
had appointed a nominating commit
tee and a committee on resolutions.
The business session convened at 1
p. m., and the report of committees
heard and adopted, officers being elec
ted as before stated, by unanimous
Important Resolutions Adopted.
The committee on resolutions show
ed considerable activity and present
ed a long list of appropriate measures
affecting both the local situation and
farm bureau conditions in general.
Among the more important resolu
tions adopted were ones affecting the
lowering of dues, a plan to hold
county-wide wheat growers meeting
in February, and the appointment of
a delegate to the economic conference
to be held in Corvallis the latter part
of this month. Following are the res
olutions as presented by the commit
First: That our dues' be reduced
from $5 to $2 per year.
That last year's paid up member
ships be extended one year.
That where members belong to a
local organization, $1 of the $2 mem
bership fee may be retained by the
Sesond: That the Morrow County
Farm Bureau send a representative to
Corvallis to attend the Agricultural
Economic Conference to be held there
Third: That a wheat growers' con
ference be held early in February to
consider the problems of the wheat
That a committee be appointed to
work with the county agent In ar
ranging the conference.
Fourth: That the county organi
zation continue to publish its local
Fifth: That we continue our policy
of non-affiliation with the state or
ganizationif we have one.
Sixth: Whereas, we, the members
of the Morrow County Farm Bureau,
believe that co-operative marketing
can never attain satisfactory results
as long as a few plutocrats have the
power to inflate and deflate the vol
ume of our currency at their option
and for their own aggrandizement,
Therefore be it resolved that we,
the Morrow County Farm Bureau, re
spectfully urge our representatives
in congress to use all honorable
means in their power to restore the
money issuing function back to the
party that our Constitution says shall
have power to coin our money.
Resolved that a copy of the above
resolution be signed by our president
and secretary and forwarded to our
representative in congress.
Favor Export Commission Plan.
Seventh: That the issuing of tax
exempt securities be stopped.
Eighth: That a committee be ap
pointed to draw up resolutions and
send copies to our members in con
gress asking them to support the
"Truth in Fabric" bill.
Ninth: That we empower our sec
retary to write our representatives
asking them to support the export
commission plan as outlined by the
Umatilla Farm Bureau, which is as
1. To provide a tariff sufficiently
high to prevent importation of wheat
under the contemplated price condi
tions. 2. To set up a government corpora
tion or commission with authority to
determine how much the domestic
price of wheat would be increased
above the export price in order to
approximate its prewar relative pur
chasing power and with authority to
pay a premium on the export wheat
to be collected from the crop being
sold at the time it is marketed in or
der to provide a sufficient fund to pay
the export premium and the cost of
operation of the commission.
4. To appropriate a fund, approxi
mately $50,000,000 to enable exported
surplus sufficient to brintf the domes
tic prices to the desired level above
3. To levy a unit tax on the com
mission to function, such fund to be
replenished from the taxes on wheat
Price Cause Explained.
In his talk, giving reasons for the
prevailing low price of wheat, K. It.
Jackman. stressed tho point of un
derconsumption, overproduction, an. I
high prices for traraportatkn and
farm labor, He altto gave in illum
inating Ulustraton of how the ex
port commission plan woti Id mid in
raising the domestic price of wheut.
E. L. Potter gave a iplidid a!k
on the livestock situation within the
state of Oregon. Ho ftuvn a the
main reason for tha poor condition
j Star Theater Sou
(Continued on Vmu Kur )