Image provided by: Morrow County Museum; Heppner, OR
About The gazette-times. (Heppner, Or.) 1912-1925 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1923)
PUBLISHED WEEKLY AND DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF MORROW COUNTY
HEPPNER, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPT. 13, 1923.
Subscription $2.01) lVr Year
Volume 40, Number 23.
IN 111 ELECTION NEXT S
fublic Will Watch to See if Presidential Prefer
ence as Expressed in Twenty State
Primaries Is Followed
Written 8pc!illr tot Th. CaiMM-Tlnus
Br ROBERT FULLER
Thru AutocMter Servie
Twentv states will hold
the next national election. For the rest the delegates
will be chosen in convention. This will give the public
a fair opportunity to learn how far political conven
tions follow the expressed will of the people.
For years there has been a growing feeling among
the people that the voters of America have little or
nothing to do with the actual choice of their president.
Whatever may be true of thii con
tention will be disclosed definitely
when the result! of the primaries
and of the elite convention! are
placed in Juxtaposition. With twenty
itatei holding primariei and twenty
nine convention!, the story should be
told with unerring accuracy.
Illinois hai both primary and con
vention. The district delegate! in
this itate, elected in the primary and
the delegate! at large in convention.
The states in which preferential
primariei are to be held are ai fol
low!: California Tueiday, May 13.
Georgia Date fied by State Ex
Florida Tuesday, June 3.
Illinois Tuesday, April 8.
Indiana Tuesday, May t.
Maryland Monday, May 5.
Massachusetts Tuesday, April 29.
Michigan Monday, May 5.
Montana Tuesday, May 27.
Nebraska Tuesday, April IS.
New Jersey Tuesday, April 22.
North Carolina Saturday, June 7.
North Dakota Tuesday, March 18.
Ohio Tuesday, April 29.
Oregon, Friday, May 16.
Pennsylvania Tuesday May 20. .
South Dakota Tuesday, March 18.
Vermont Tuesday, May 20.
West Virginia Tuesday, May 27.
Wisconsin Tuesday, April 1,
The opening gun in the presidential
contest will be staged in South Da
kota, which holds its presidential
primary on March 18 next.
In the following states the delegates
are elected by state conventions, the
dates of which have not yet been
Colorado. Connecticut Delaware,
Georgia, Idaho, Illinois (delegatea-at-large
only); Indiana, Iowa. Kanaaa,
Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Michigan,
Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nev
ada, New Mexico, New York (dele-gates-at-large
only); North Carolina
(delegates-at-large only); Oklahoma,
Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennes
see. Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia,
In Ariiona, Washington, Arkansas
and usually in Louisiana delegates
to the Democratic National Conven
tion are named by the Democratic
The state-wide primariei next year
will be held ai follows:
Alabama-May 13. (No presidential
Florida (Presidential primary op
tional.) June 8.
Illinois (District delegate! only.)
Massachusetts April 29.
Montana May 27.
Nebraska April 15.
New Hampshire March 11.
New Jersey April 22.
New York (District delegates only.
No presidential primary.) April 1
North Dakota (District delegates
only. No presidential primary.) March
Ohio April 29.
Oregon May 18.
Pennsylvania May 20. '
8outh Dakota (Meeting to propose
delegates, Dec. 4, 1923.) March 18.
West Virginia May 27.
Wisconsin (District delegate! el
acted by districts.) April 1.
PEACH BLIGHT THREATENS.
Peach blight is likely to play havoc
In Oregon peach orchard! this fall
and winter where growers do not
sorav their trees immediately after
picking with Bordeaux mixture 8-4-60
ai a preventive of twig and bud In
fections, sure to begin with the first
fall rains, reports the plant patholo
gist at the Oregon experiment ita
tlon. Blight Is responsible for more
damage to Oregon peach orchards
than any other disease, and because
of conditions prevailing this season
a more serious attack may be expec
ted this fall than usual. Direction!
for the proper preparation of Bor
deaux mlxure can be had on request
from the agricultural college.
J. R. L. HASLAM, Pastor.
Sunday school, 9:45 a. m.
Sermon, 11 a, m. and 7:46 p. m.
. Christian F.ndeavor, 7 p. m.
There will be preaching service! at
the church both Thursday and Frl
day nights at 7:46, Rev. Johnson
wonderful student of the Bible will
bring us heart stirring messages on
Ai we have some new families wor.
hipping with us, we will have an all
day service next Sunday. This will
be a get-acqualntcd day and we will
have a basket dinner in the basement
of the church at noon. Come and
bring the family, spending the day to
gether In God's house.
Special music at the services Sun
day. Strangers are always welcome In
C. E. Musgrnve and son, E. R. Mus
grave of lone, were visitors here on
Monday. Mr. Musgrnve reports that
he has a flne crop of fruit on his
place a few miles south of Jordon
Siding on Rhea creek.
WILL BE 0!l TRIAL
preferential primaries in
Oregon Creamery Heads
Plan New Cream Grades
At Call of State Dairy and Food Com-
mlsaloner Factory Men Confer
ob Better Butter
At the call of C. L. Hawley, state
dairy and food commissioner, a num
ber of Oregon creamery men recent
ly met in Portland and adopted a def
inite grade for eream and have now
gone out to get the cooperation of ev
ery creamery in the state.
Oregon creameries are making more
butter than is used in the state, dis
posing of the surplus In out of state
markeU. The beat of these are San
Francifco and Los Angeles, which de
mand a high grade product, A dis
count of ( cents a pound Is charged
aeulnst butter falling from 93 point
to 89 point. A single can oi oso
cream Is enough to reduce a whole
churning these four points and pull
the price down from 46 cents a pound
to 39. This loss on a ton lot is 1120
cash. Worse yet, the drop In quality
meana disaster to the Oregon export
"Oregon creameries are now up
against the proposition of putting
quality into their butter or going out
of business," says V. D. Chapel, sec
retary of the Oregon Buttermakers'
association and head of dairy pro
duction at the state college.
The managers will be informed of
the methods of grading adopted at
the Portland meeting in time to put
them into effect by October 1. They
are urged to start now by churning
their good cresm separately. Also
to send lists of their patrons to the
federal dairy division at Washington
for dairy bulletins, and tell the col
lege dairy department their needs.
The western dairy division at Salt
Lake will go so far as to send an ex
nert to work with the dairymen for
two weeks on producing and handling
their quality cream.
The Dalles Band, 18
Pieces, for Rodeo
That there will be an abundance of
good music during the three days of
Ueooner's Kodeo, is now assured, ine
committee has secured the 18-piece
band of The Dalles, and they will
also have a big orchestra that will
furnish music for all of the dance
programs. This band has been in ex
istence for some time, is well equip
ped with a fine bunch of players, and
the visitors to the coming Kodeo will
be assured of splendid musical en
tertainment, and plenty of It.
There seems to be little left now
to be done In the completion of the
arrangements for the Rodeo, the man
agement havnig been busy all tne
while In retting the program in shape
and the grounds will be far better
than last year, with the new track
and rearrangement of the accommo-
datiom on Gentry field. And the best
of all, there li every promise that the
crowds attending the Rodeo this fall
will be much larger than last year,
THE CHURCH OF CHRIST.
Sunday. Sept. 16, 1923.
Jesus Christ was not a dreaming
visionary, impractically idealistic;
His message Is the most practical
thing in all the world; scientifically
as well ai morally perfect. His is
the message you hear at the Church
of Christ, and you are cordially wei
come. Bible school at 9:46 and Com
munion and preaching at 11 o'clock
a. m. An efficient, graded Bible school
with a corps of competent teachers
for all classes. All the classes In
Christian Endeavor at 7 o'clock,
with Margaret Prophet as leader; all
the young people are Invited to be
with the Endeavorers at that hour in
the C, E. parlor. First of seven eer
mom on the great fundamentals of
religious belief to be given at 8 o
clock Sunday evening. You are In
vited to be present, not only to hear
this, but the whole series, we snail
be glad to see you. Offering for Jap
aneae relief will be received Sunday
everyone should aid in this; come
BABY GIRL IS BURIED.
Ethel May, aged two years, daugh
ter of Mrs. Myrtle Smith, died at her
home in this city at 1 o'clock Sunday
morning, a victim of cholera infan
tum. The little girl was burled on
Monday afternoon. Two other small
children were also affected and the
youngest, .an Infant In arms was very
sick the first of the week and its re
covery was thought doubtful. At this
time the children are better and on
the road to recovery. To all those
who so kindly assisted Mrs. Smith
In her affliction, she Is very grateful,
and this feeling Is also shared by her
brother, Albert Wilkinson.
Mr. and Mrs. Charley Vaughn loft
for Portland Monday vJlth John
Vaughn, who had been spending sev
eral days In thii city looking after
LOCAL NEWS ITEMS
Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Jonei arrived
from their home at Newberg on Tu
eiday evening and are apending sev
eral daye In Heppner and vicinity,
visiting with friends. Mr. Jonei still
has Interests In this county and spent
a day or so at the old home at Eight
Mile Center. He states that the peo
ple of Yamhill county are quite pros
perous this season. There was an ex
ceptionally fine crop of grain, and the
yieldi of fruits of all kinds exceeds
that of any previous year. Logan
berries were so unprofitable that hun
dreds of tons were allowed to go un
picked, while there is a prospect
that the big prune crop of that sec
tion will suffer a like fate to a large
extent, owing to the condition of the
market at the present time. Mr. and
Mrs. Jones expect to return home in
a few daye.
Jack and David Hynd, the former
of Butterby Plata ranch, Cecil, and
the latter of Rose Lawn ranch, Sand
Hollow, were in the elty Monday
looking after busineai for the Arm
of Hynd Broi. Speaking of grass
hoppers, these boys remember well
when that pest did some real dam
age in Morrow county about 25 years
ago. They literally took everything
on Sand Hollow ranch that season,
and the boys becoming io disgusted
pulled up and went to the Willamette
valley on a visit. When they return
ed, however, the hoppers had pulled
up and left, there being nothing for
them in that vicinity to live on. Their
work was complete that season, and
while we have a good many hoppers
this year, they are nothing compared
with the plague of that year.
Pearl P. Hassler of Salem, has ne
gotiated with Mr. Ackerman for the
lone Independent, and expects to take
the plant over in a week or so, on an
option to purchase after one year. Mr.
Ackerman, who has been running the
paper for several years past, will go
to his old home in Missouri, where
he has a daughter living. Mr. Hass
ler was in the city on Monday, visit
ing with his old-time friend, W. L.
McCalob. He formerly published
a paper at Turner, Oregon, and Is
a newspaper man of much experience.
We acknowledge a pleasant call from
hiui, and bespeak for him success
in his new venture.
Misses Leta and Evelyn Humph
reys and Miss Ruth Tash, with Ro
land Humphreys as chauffeur depart
tomorrow for Portland. Miss Tash
will stop off at Hood River for a short
visit at hte home of Mr. and Mrs.
Jacob Bortxer. the Misses Humph
reys will visit with relative! in the
valley and a little later all of the
young ladiea will go' on to Eugene
to register for their work at the
University of Oregon. Roland expects
to return to Heppner with the car,
and later will also go on to Eugene
to resume his studies at the univer
Cnuntv A..nt Morse is over in the i
Irrigon and Boardman sections this
week, where he is attending meetings j
of the bee keepers under the direc
tion of H. A. Scullen, specialist in bee
culture at O. A. C. Meetings were
held at both Irrigon and Boardman
and the care of bees for the winter
moi.ths was the main topic of discus-
ion. Professor Scullen was also at
Herniiston a day earlier, where he ad
dressed the bee keepers on this sub
ject, and plans for a state meeting
of bee keepers was taken up.
It was reported that Mr. and Mrs.
Chas. H. Latourcll, who departed the
city on Sunday, were off on a visit
to Souhtern California, for a visit
with the parents of both Mr. and
Mrs. Latourell. However, Mr. Latour-
ell only accompanied his wife as far
as Portland, and from htere she will
e-o on to San Diego for a visit. Mr.
Latourell returned to Heppner on
Dr. N. E. Winnard and son Norton
were in Heppner a few days the first
of the week, spending a part of their
vkcation season among old-time
friends and leaving here for their
home at Eugene on Tuesday. Norton
returned to Lugene from Harvard uni
versity at the end of the school year,
While he likes Harvard fine he pre
fers to live in Oregon.
Miss Anna Doherty, of the county
agent's office, has returned from her
two weeks of vacation which she
npent In the Sound country. The of
fica of the county agent will now
be open as usual each day under
the charge of Miss Doherty and bus
iness can be transacted in the ab
sence of Agent Morse.
Uncle Jerry Brosnan, who has been
quite ill at his home in this city for
some time past, was sufficiently re
covered to b etaken to Pendleton on
Friday, where he la now in a hospital
for treatment. He has been very
fi'ebie for a year or more, but it is
hoped that his care at the hospital
will prove beneficial to his health.
Judge W. T. Campbell and wife will
enjoy a visit at the old home In On
tario, Canada, departing for the east
on Thursday last. They will make
the trip by auto via Spokane, where
Mr. Campbell has a brother resid
ing, and expect to be absent for sev
Cecil Lleuallen, of the state high
way patrol, is visiting with his par
ents and friends in this city this week
enjoynig a portion of his two weeks
of vacation among the home folks.
He is now patroling a section of the
Pacific highway, with headquarters at
Grant Wilkerson and family arrived
this week from Noties, Idaho, and will
become residents of this city. Mr.
WI,kerson has accepted a place in
the store of Case Furniture Co., suc
ceeding Johnnie lliatt who recently
took over the management of Peoples
Miss Blanche Faliy, who was engag
ed as primary toucher In the Hepp
ner schools for the coming year, tend
ered her resignation to the school
board and Mrs. Edna Turner baa been
elected to the place. The primary en
rollment Is light this year, there be
ing but 26 enrolled on Monday In the
you ALL THEjE t i .
( FEB. "YOUKL J sfg ii ' ECrlOR
V FtftrrBAU-j I J X V it can't pe
r " 5; JOt. IT WALNUTi
Students Should Be
in Eugene Sept. 25
Registration Dates Set for Thursday
and Friday, Sept. 27 and 28;
Classea Start Oct. 1.
University of Oregon, Eugene, Sept.
13. (Special.) High school gradu
ates who plan to enter the University
of Oregon this fall are requested by
University officials to be in Eugene
September 25. The regular freshman
English examination will be held on
Registration dates for both new and
old students will be Thursday and
Friday, September 27 and 28. Classes
begin on the following Monday, Oc
The registration procedure is as
follows: The student will call at
the registrar's office in the Adminis
tration building to obtain his regis
tration blanks. He next takes his
blanks to his adviser, the adviser be
ing a member of the faculty of the
department or school in which the
student has elected to undertake his
major work. In consu'.taion with the
adviser the student's course is ar-
An innovation in this years regis
tration plan, which will simplify pro
ceduie, is that the student will reci ter
on September 27 and 2 for the
entire year's work. This will elimin
ate registrations at the beginning
of the winter and spring terms.
AT BETHEL CHAPEL.
Bethel Sunday school announces
the organization of a class next Sun
day for high school students desir
ing to take the state course of Hible
study, for which credit is given. Mrs.
Edward Clark will be in charge of the
class. Several of our members have
enjoyed this same course thru the
summer months and have found it in
The adult Bible class has just com
pleted a -study of The Revelation and
will follow it with the study of the
prophet Daniel. We invite any in
terested to begin, with us, the study
The primary department is well
organized with its classes for every
age in that department, which has
grown steadily but there is still room
There will be special music at the
Sunday school and church services.
You are welcome.
STARTS SERMON SERIES.
W. 0. Livingstone, of the Christian
church, begins a series of sermons
on Sunday evening next, on the great
fundamentals of religious beliefs. He
especially invites the attention of
those who have doubts concerning
these things. The series will con
tinue during the remainder of Sep
tember and the month of October
The themes are as follows: Sept. 18,
"la There a God?"; Sept. 2.1. "Has
God Revealed Himself to Men?";
Sept. 30, "Was Jesus Only a Super
Man?"; Oct. 7, "Is God in the Midst
of Men?"; Oct. 14, "God's Han to
Save the Race"; Oct. 21, "My Tart in
Salvation's Plan"; Oct. 28, "Oil for
HAS MONSTER SQUASH VINE.
Henry Gay, who is in the cits
today from his home down on the
Umatilla river, reports that he is
cultivating a monster squash vine in
his garden. The vine grew from one
seed, and is now more than 90 feet
long. It contains 26 well developed
squashes. He figures that it would
take just six of such vines to cover
his entire garden spot. Mr. Guy is
also feasting these dnys on straw
berries and crenm, stating thnt hi
ever-bearing vines are producing
quantities of fine berries right alone
and will continue to do so until frot
comes. Walter Gay, who has been
III at the home of his sister. Mrs.
French, in this city, Is now better.
Mr. Gay Says.
Farm Bureau Executive
Committee Will Mxt
A meeting of the executive commit
tee of the Morrow County Farm Bu
reau will be held at the office of
County Agent Morse in thin city op
Saturday aftprnoon nt 2 n'e'ock w! en
business of Importance to 0
I bureau will come up.
Commercial Club Meet-1
ing Will Be Friday Night
Because of other matters interfer
ing, the meeting of the Commercial
club called for last evening was post
poned until tomorrow, Friday, eve
ning. At 6:30, the members of the
club are requested to be at the Elk
bom restaurant, where a luncheon
will be served. This part of the pro
gram is expected to be over in good
time when business before the club
can be taken up promptly at 8 o'
clock. President Van Marter urges a full
attendance of the club members on
this occasion, as there are several
matters of importance to come up
for di-cussoin and requiring action
lt's all be there and help to boost
the propositions to be presented.
T?PCfrtion Oiven Tpacbers
By the Christian Church
A very p'easant social gathering
was he'd at the parlors of the Chris
tian church on Tuesday evening in
honor of the teachers of Heppner
Fchoola. Quite a number of new
teachers are on the force this season,
and these with the older teachers
were present to enjoy the fine lunch
eon prepared by the ladies of the
church, and to enrage with the pu
pils of the high school and members
and friends of the church in the gen
eral good social time.
The event was strictly of an in
formal nature, there being no set pro
gram, but regardless of this a splen
did good time was had and we are
quite sure the teachers were made to
feel that they were heartily welcome
to the city.
Under A Lucky Star
(Pendleton East Oregonian.)
The Umatilla rapids project was
evidently bom under a lucky star.
when the subject was first taken up at
a little meeting at Umatilla two years
ago and later at a larger meeting
held in Pendleton, few hoped for the
rapid progress that has been made.
The more the project has been
studied the better it seems. The
scheme is an attractive one and it
is so practical that those who learn
the facts at once become enthusiastic
over the possibilities. At first the be
lief was held it might take many
years to secure recognition for the
protect. But we secured quick action,
rot only from the Oregon legislature
but from eongreas. When the con
gressional appropriation for the sur
vey was made local people bad the
impression we had gotten through
congress in the back seat of the Col
umbia basin project's car. But dis
interested members of congress who
were in on the facts say such was not
the case. We were in the front seat,
they declare, and had It not been for
our move the uoiumDia Dasin Din
would not have carried.
With the federal survey actually
under way w-e have felt concedn as
to what the investigation might dis
close. We do not yet know as to the
chnracter of the damsite for the drill
ing work is just starting.
But we have already learned that
the power possibilities are greater
than was indicated by the Lewis sur
vey made at the instance of the pro
ject association. Instead of a 30 foot
dam a bO foot dam is possible. It
is believed from the preliminary stud
ies that have been made that the pro
ject can generate 175.000 contfnuou
horsepower or thereabouts instead of
only 125,000 horse power. The maxi
mum development during the Irriga
tion season may reach 800,000 horse
In other words, the official survey
providing the damsite is found favor
able, will show the project better than
we supposed. Instead of overestimat
ing the possibilities we were under
estimating thorn. We have it on the
authority of Senator McNnry that the
project is more feasible than the
Muscle Shoals project on which the
government has expended many mil
lions. Certainly it looks like the gods are
with us In our plans. If fortune smiles
upon our work in the future as in the
past it will not he mnny years until
the project is hul't nnd a new d;y
will be at hand for this whole region.
'BOUT TWS TIME o'-(tAS.Q
GRIFFIN CHILD IS
KICKED BY MULE
Many lone Young People Leave
for College; Other Items of
Egg City Happenings
The small son of Mr. and Mrs.
Frances Griffin was struck in the face
by a mule, at their home in the Fair
view country last Monday. Mrs. Grif
fin being alone at the time and could
not get in touch wiht anyone by
phone so carried the child nearly two
mileB to Mr. Lieuallen's. He was then
brought to lone where Drs, Walker
and McMurdo attended him. It was
found to be only a bad flesh wound
requiring several stitches.
The mother was almost overcome
with grief and exhaustion when she
reached lone and was in a very ner
E. R. Lundell and Mayne Moore re
turned from a three days hunting
trip in the Blue mountains. They
succeeded in bringing home one nice
ycung deer, which indeed was deli
cious. Professor Tucker and family have
returned from their vacation to re
sume his duties in the lone school.
They are at present occupying the
Low home, awaiting the completion
of their apartment in the Harris
building, which will be several weeks.
F. A. Young, prosperous farmer of
the Gooseberry country, has moved
his family into town in order to have
the benefit of the school. They have
rented Mrs. Cynthia Walker's house.
Henry Clark s family have return
ed for the winter, having spent
two months helping the Reitmann
brothers care for their crop.
James Howard, accompanied by his
sister, Mrs. Edna Hossner and little
June, are spending a week visiting
friends in Idaho.
H. J. Biddle and Charley Dean mo
tored to Portland Monday to get a
new special Jewett car for Charley.
They were accompanied by Walt
Mr. G. G. Stone of Portland was a
business caller in lone over Sunday.
He is trying to get the prominent
business men interested in the flour
mill proposition here.
Mr. Dick Howard was in lone on
Mr. Hassler has purchased the lone
Independent and will take possession
a short time. Mr. Ackerman has
beer in the business for several years
nnd feels the need of a rest. We have
not learned when he intends to go.
Mr. and Mrs. Ike Howard, accom
panied by their daughter, Mrs. John
Hossner. their son James and grand
children Donald and June Hossner.
left by auto for Portland Wednesday.
James will go on to McMinnville to
enter college and Mr. and Mrs. How
ard will visit relatives and friends
and enioy a few weeks in the valley.
Several of the young people will
leave lone this week to enter differ
ent schools in the valley. Miss Ar-
lene Balsiger, Miss Lillian Allinger,
Wendell Balsiger will go to Salem,
Miss Edene Moore and Keithley Blake
to Corvallils, nnd James Howard to
McMinnville. It is understood Mr,
and Mrs. Earl Blake will go to Cor-
vallis the first of the year to enter
The harvest dance given last Satur
day evening was well. attended and all
report having had a fine time. Quite
a number came from Heppner as
well as from the surrounding coun
try. Overalls and gingham dresses
weie the required costumes to be
HAS LARGEST ENROLLMENT.
At the opening of high school in
this city on Monduy4 UU pupils en
rolled. This is the largest first day
enrollment in the history of the
schcol, and there is promise that
this will be consdiernbly incrensod
as tht patrons got back to town. We
n!so understand thnt there are quitr
a few who will take advantage of the
Heppner high school from various
country districts, and it would seem
now thnt the bui'ding will be taxed
to capacity. In the grades, however,
the attendance is not so Itupo as in
former years, and whether this wi'l
be increased to any considerable ex
tent remains to be seen. All teachers
were on hand for the opening of
school Monday, with the exception of
Miss Janet Frnster. who is not yet
fu'ly recovered from the injuiu" she
received six week ago in an automo
bile accident at Eugene.
IS YOUR WATER
State Board of Health Gives Meth
ods of Purification as Safe
guard for Tourists
FREDERICK D. STRICKER, M. D.t
At this season of the year when
tourists, campers, hunters and fisher
men are roaming at large in every
nock and corner of the State the
probabilities of an otherwise reason
ably aafe water ahed becoming pol
luted are greatly increased. It is
therefore advisable that extra pre
cautions be taken to safeguard
against a possible interruption of the
purity of your water.
There are three general methods of
water purification: first, sedimenta
tion or storage; second, filtration;
and third, chemical.
The method of stroage Is not safe
unless it be used in combination with
either chemical purification or filtra
tion. It is used in exceptional in
stances where an ample lake or re
servoir removed from the access of
human beings is available, and where
the water is practically free from
solid matter. Harmful bacteria do
not multiply naturally in clean wa
ter, and by keeping it stored for a
period of months before it is used
certain amount of purification takes
The second method, that of filtra
tion is a fairly satisfactory method,
and if properly carried out at all
times produces a safe water supply.
ThiE is purely a mechanical process
and consists of passing the water
through a series of layers of sand of
varying sizes from small granules to
large pebbles, the entire series being
about six feet thick. This process on
ly removes the dirt and solids. This
method requires the construction of
special mechanical apparatus, and is
expensive for the small community.
The third or chemical purification
consists of the addition to the water
of some chemical that destroys the
germ life, or practically all of it, but I
is not harmful to the consumers of
the water. It fs generally acknow- j
ledged by scientific men that the most
satisfactory method of chemical pur-1
iftcation is by the process of chlorin-1
ation. That is by adding to the wa-1
ter minute quantities of chlorine or
its compounds. This process has be
come so general that it is now in
use in practically every city in the
country, with one or two rare excep
tions. In the larger cities it is used
in combination with the method of
storage or filtration. It has the ad
vantage of being inexpensive to in
stall and inexpensive to operate. It
is a practical method for the small
No community should depend en
tirely upon natural or mechanical
processes of obtaining pure water. At
some time or other there will occur
accidents to interrupt the continued
purity. At such a moment there
should be available for instantaneous
operation the adjunct of chemical
New Poo Studio
Will Be Open Soon
The new photograph studio of B. G.
Sigsbee will soon be open for busi
ness in the building now being ar
ranged for that purpose on Main
Mr. Sigsbee is installing a com
plete gallery and will have one of the
best equipped studios to be found
anywhere when the place is opened
for business. He hopes to be in read
iness by Rodeo time, when all old pa
trons and many new ones as well can
be taken care of. The Sigsbee studio
will fill a need that has been keenly
felt at Heppner ever since the fire of
May, 1118, burned up his former gal
lery and equipment, and during which
time the city has been without a pho
tographer, except such as have visited
APPLE ANTRACNOSE CONTROLED.
Apple tree anthracnose has been
brought under control in a large num -
Der oi orcnaras in western vregan
and the Hood River section by spray
ing in July or August with Bordeaux
mixture, says the plant pathologist at
the O. A. C. experiment station. Un
protected orchards in these districts
are likely to experience very serious
infections this fall as soon as rainy
weather begins, if Bordeaux mixture
is not applied at once. For the owner
of an anthracnose infested orchard
to delay his spray until after the fruit
is picked has proved to be a mistake.
This is too late to avoid the early fall
infections from which the most ser
ious damage results.
Arthur Brisbane Writes
For The Gazette-Times
Arthur Hn-bune is the most wi.le'y
read and highest frnid newspape'
writer in the worM. t'lider the bend
ing "This Wetk" this p.tper prevnt
his column in this Ksue. Head it.
Mr. Brisbane now receives J;MO,000
a year for his news column. This
newspaper i in posiiiun to furnish
this evee'Vnt t'eiiture to its readers
thru its membership in the Pub idl
ers Autoca. ter Service of New York.
Move 9a pr erne Court Closer.
Two Great Anniversaries.
Great Man Coming.
Forests From the Air.
By ARTHUR BRISBANE "
Learned gentlemen of tre Bar As
sociation want the Unietd States Su
preme Court removed from Washing
ton "far from the influences of Con
gress which means the influence of
the people that elect Congress and
appoint Supreme Court judges
through their paid servant, the Pres
ident. Some citizens think the Supreme
Court fs quite far enough away from
the influence of the people already,
that ft would not do any barm to
bring it back a little closer.
Two great anniversaries approach:
Fifty years ago this week, the type
writing machine began its career,
saving time, increasing efficiency and,
most important of all, introducing
into business the good influence of
hundreds of thousands of women.
Fifty years ago Americans began
the manufacture of Portland cement,
which is, to building, what the type
writer is to business. For the first
ten years this country made only 36,
000 sacks of cement annually. Last
year the country used 470.000,000
sacks, and Amercian plants now pos
sess a capacity of 600,000,000 sacks.
Lloyd George will be here in a few
weeks. You will see and hear a real
man, when he comes. Without him
to manage England and her Allies in
the big war, putting England's armies
under Foch, supplying the Allies with
money and ammunition, William of
Kohen&oilcm would probably be still
Kaiser, and on a bigger scale, with a
newly captuied throne" for each of
See and bear Lloyd George, if yoa
can. He is the greatest democrat that
Europe has produced since Cromwell,
and history will say so, whatever Tor
ies may say now.
Germans are building flying ma
chines for a 28-hour service between
Hamburg and New York. Real flying
Dr. Curtis, professor of botany, at
Columbia, says the destruction of our
forests may come in ten years.
Thanks to the flying machine that de
struction need not happen. Our 832,
000,000 acres of virgin forest have
been reduced to 140.000,000 acres. But
what men have cut down in centuries
fliers could replant, scattering seeds
from airplanes in four or five years
easily. Millions of acres of moun
tain land, cut off and burnt over could
Ibe replanted from the air and the
Agricultural Department should be
supplied with the men money, seeds
and machines to do it.
A distinguished senator suggests
buying one of the palaces in Berlin
for the United States ambassador.
Palaces in capitals for our democrat
ic ambassadors, to be paid for by
the people, are suggested serious' y.
There are several second hand crowns
drifting around Europe at bargain
prices. Why not get one of those
for each American ambassador? If
you must make an ass of yourself, do
Louis Chalif tells the American
Dancing Teachers Society that body
and brain are improved by dancing.
Nature knew it long ago. . The ani
mals danced, lizards, dinosaurs, jun
gle fowl, goats and monkeys, long
before man came. What Nature or
ders is wise.
One man in California cuts the
price of gasoline to six cents a gal
lon. That is war, of course. But
there isn't much comfort for the con
sumer in a few days of war and low
prices. When the big oil men kill
off the little fellows they will take
out of the consumers' pocket all that
I the price war costs and a little more.
1 patron-TcachCFS AsSOCifl-
tion to Entertani Friday
The Patron-Teachers association
will entertain the teachers and pa
trons of the school at the parlors of
the Christian church on Friday eve
ning, at which time an enjoyable
program will be given and refresh
ments will be served.
It is the desire of the officers of
the Patron -Teachers association that
there be a general attendance of the
patrons of the school, that the teach
ers who are entering upon their
year's work in the schools of the city
be given a hewrty welcome and made
to feel at home. Besides a very pleas
ant socail evening is promised.
NEW TELEGRAPH K1HTOR HERE.
Edwin P. Hoyt has arrived in Pen
dleton to become telegraph editor of
the East Oregonian. He wi:i enter
upon his duties Monday at which time
the East Oregonian will hegin receiv
ing the leaded wir' service of the
Associated Press. New will then be
received by a special wire in the news
office handled by a regular Associated
Press operator. The new semre wiH
greatly strengthen the telegraph nw
report. Mr. Hoyt graduated from the
University of Oregon in June and
since thnt time has been emp'Ved
on the copy dek of the Portland (r
gonian. He arrived here la t evening,
accompanied by Mrs. Hoyt and their
infant son. Mrs. Hoyt lurmerly liv
ed in Heppner and i. aUo a Univer
sity graduate. - Pend.cton t'.nt t-'ie-gonian.
Mr. Hoyt is the non-in-law of Mr.
uid Mrs. Jack leVro of Ihi city.
Mrs, DeVore writes this pupvr that
her other daughter, Mis Loyit, who
U a graduate of l of ()., U n.w
H'.u-hing at V 'ironce, Oregon. M
DeVore is spending a month ur ,o in
Portland, and expect later to return
Dill aid Ft el
the city on M
recent 'y made
els, of (lurd trie, wii.i in
mdrtV. Mr. Kieneh hm
nhinnti'hU of cuttlu to
murki't, which la i i
holding on pit turagi
awaiting a butler m
down thr nnd